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as an oxidising agent and to produce a green colour.

(i)

owing percentage composition by mass: Ba, 45.1; Cl , 23.4; O, 31.5.

Calculate the empirical formula of A.

empirical formula of A ........................................... [3]

1 Compound A is an organic compound which contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

When 0.240 g of the vapour of A is slowly passed over a large quantity of heated copper(II) oxide,
CuO, the organic compound A is completely oxidised to carbon dioxide and water. Copper is the only
other product of the reaction.

The products are collected and it is found that 0.352 g of CO2 and 0.144 g of H2O are forme

(a) In this section, give your answers to three decimal places. (i)

Calculate the mass of carbon present in 0.352 g of CO2.

(
i
i
Use this value to calculate the amount, in moles, of carbon )
atoms present in 0.240 g of A. Explain, in terms of electron
transfer, what is meant Complete the full electronic
configuration of strontium.
E
x
1s2 2s2 2p6 p
............................................................................................... l
.................... [1] a
i
n

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why there are four different peaks by the term oxidising agent.

...............................................................................................
..............................................

...............................................................................................
........................................ [1]

(ii) A has the foll(i)

in the mass spectrum of strontium.

...............................................................................................
..............................................

...............................................................................................
........................................ [1]

(iii) Calculate the atomic mass, Ar, of this sample of strontium.

Give your answer to three significant figures.

Ar = ............................. [2]

(c) A compound of barium, A, is used in fireworks

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(ii) Calculate the mass of hydrogen present in 0.144 g of H2O.

Use this value to calculate the amount, in moles, of hydrogen
atoms present in 0.240 g of A.

(iii) Use your answers to calculate the mass of oxygen present
in 0.240 g of A.

Use this value to calculate the amount, in moles, of oxygen
atoms present in 0.240 g of A.

[6]

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[Turn over .(b) Use your answers to (a) to calculate the empirical formula of A.

.. (ii) Hence calculate the molecular formula of A...148 g sample of A was vapourised at 60oC....7 cm3 at a pressure of 101 kPa..... [3] [Turn over .. Mr =.... (i) Use the general gas equation pV = nRT to calculate Mr of A.. the vapour occupied a volume of 67..... [1] (c) When a 0..

A sample of magnesium had the following isotopic composition: 24Mg. of magnesium in the sample.11%. 26Mg.60%. Express your answer to an appropriate number of significant figures. (c) Calculate the relative atomic mass. 78. [2] Antimony. [Turn over . Ar. 25Mg. proton number 51. is another element which is used in alloys.29%. 10. Sb. 11.

.............. ..... ... .... (a) What is meant by the term molecular formula? .......... ...... .... ....... .. Construct a balanced equation for the reaction between antimony and chlorine. .. When a 2.... 4.. . ... (a) Calculate the molecular formula of B... They analysed A which they found to be a hydrocarbon...... ........... [3] .. H... from the ground near Florence in Italy.... of antimony atoms that reacted. ... ...........7%... 29........ ......0%. [1] . [5] ... ..3%..... ................ ....... ... intermediates in organic reactions and as solvents................... ..... .. . . ....... Magnesium and antimony each react when heated separately in chlorine. ....... [Turn over ...... 4 Although few halogenoalkanes exist naturally.. (ii) Calculate the amount....... .... .......... .............. The bromoalkane B has the following composition by mass: C........ ...... (iv) The empirical and molecular formulae of A are the same. of a chloride A were formed.... Br.................. Further experiments were then . such compounds are important as ...... Sir Humphrey Davy and Michael Faraday collected samples of a flammable gas... .. ..... (e) (i) Calculate the amount..... ..... 65............. in moles... A........ ....... carried out to determine the molecular formula of A. ... ....... . ....... . ........ ........ . ... .... .......57 g ... ..... (d) Construct a balanced equation for the reaction between magnesium and chlorine.45 g sample of antimony was heated in chlorine under suitable conditions. ....... (iii) Use your answers to (i) and (ii) to determine the empirical formula of A......... in moles. of chlorine atoms that reacted... .. .... . ........ 1 In 1814..................... 5..... . ...... The relative molecular mass of B is 123... ... ...... ..

.... [2] Davy and Faraday deduced the formula of A by exploding it with an excess of oxygen and analysing the products of combustion.......... + .......................... CxHy + x + ( y ) O 4 2 ................... ............................ [2] [Turn over .............................................. ............................................................................................ (b) Complete and balance the following equation for the complete combustion of a hydrocarbon with the formula CxHy ........................................................

...............cm3 [4 ] (d) Use your equation in (b) and your results from (c)(iii) and (c)(iv) to calculate the molecular formula of A.......cm3 (iv) What volume of oxygen was used up in the combustion of A? .. [3] The unsaturated hydrocarbon... (i) What is the identity of the 30 cm3 of gas that remained at the end of the experiment? ......... What is the identity of this gas? ..... When this 40 cm3 of gas was shaken with an excess of aqueous potassium hydroxide.......................................... 40 cm3 of gas remained after cooling the apparatus to room temperature and pressure............... (ii) The combustion of A produced a gas that reacted with the KOH(aq)... E........................ [Turn over .......... 30 cm3 of gas still remained.......... KOH... Show all of your working.. is obtained by cracking hexane and is important in the chemical industry...... (iii) What volume of the gas you have identified in (ii) was produced by the combustion of A? . (c) When 10 cm3 of A was mixed at room temperature with 50 cm3 of oxygen (an excess) and exploded...................

.......... .... [2] A sample of magnesium has the following isotopic composition by mass... Magnesium has three isotopes............When 0.................................... [1] [Total: 18] 1 Magnesium....................................................................... (a) Explain the meaning of the term isotope...................................... .. Assume no heat losses occurred during this experiment............................. [4] (f) Deduce the molecular formula of E........... (e) (i) Use relevant data from the Data Booklet to calculate the amount of heat released in this experiment......5 °C.............................................. Mg..................................... Mr................ are elements in Group II of the Periodic Table... Ra........ [Turn over .......... ........... the heat produced raised the temperature of 200 g of water by 27...... and radium.................... (ii) Use the data above and your answer to (i) to calculate the relative molecular mass.........................................47 g of E was completely burnt in air..... of E...

...... in moles.. isotope mass 24 25 26 % by mass 78. that will provide sufficient oxygen for the complete oxidation of one mole of C15H32... of magnesium to four significant figures....11 11.....29 (b) Calculate the relative atomic mass.............. C15H32 + 23O2 → 15CO2 + 16H2O (b) (i) To which homologous series does C15H32 belong? . amount of H2O2 = ....... mol [3] [Turn over ... of H2O2........ Ar.. Diesel fuel may be considered to consist of the hydrocarbon C15H32 which reacts completely with oxygen according to the following equation.................... (ii) Use the equation above and your answer to (a)(ii) to calculate the amount.....60 10............

......... (i) Write a balanced equation for this reaction.......... mol (ii) Use your answers to (b)(ii) and (c)(i) to calculate the mass.................... which will be formed when 3...........A submarine equipped with a Walter engine used 212 tonnes of diesel fuel during an underwater voyage....... in moles.... of diesel fuel used during the underwater voyage.......... amount of diesel fuel = .. mass of H2O2 = ............. in dm3........................ dm3 [4] [Turn over . measured at room temperature and pressure.............. Give your answer to two significant figures........ ............ The submarine also carried concentrated aqueous H2O2.... in tonnes............................. [1 tonne = 106 g] (c) (i) Calculate the amount............. of hydrogen peroxide used during the underwater voyage. tonnes [4] (b) Ketene burns completely in air to form carbon dioxide and water........ volume of CO2 = ............................5 g of ketene are burned in an excess of air................ (ii) Use your equation to calculate the volume of CO2..

.. of S2Cl2 present in 2.... 0...5 °C.... (ii) Use the data above and your answer to (i) to calculate the relative molecular mass of Z...0 mol of S2Cl2? (iii) Construct a balanced equation for the reaction of S2Cl2 with water.47 g of Z were completely burnt in air..... [4] When 0..96 g of sulphur....... in moles.. FeSO4.. the heat produced raised the temperature of 200 g of water by 27.......... S2Cl2...........xH2O.. [1] 2 The commonest form of iron(II) sulfate is the heptahydrate.. On heating at 90 C this loses some of its water of crystallisation to form a different hydrated form of iron(II) sulfate... ....... Disulphur dichloride...................... (i) What is the amount. is decomposed by water forming sulphur and a mixture of hydrochloric acid and sulphurous acid. of S produced from 1.... FeSO4.....7 g? (ii) What is the amount....... [Turn over ...7H2O... [4] (f) Deduce the molecular formula of Z.. is produced....7 g of S2Cl2 is reacted with an excess of water..... in moles..... When 2....... (e) (i) Calculate the amount of heat released in this experiment...... (c) Sulphur and chlorine can be reacted together to form disulphur dichloride. S2Cl2............... S.

..40 g of FeSO4............. [Turn over .................. (a) The MnO4– ions in the potassium manganate(VII) oxidise the Fe2+ ions in the acidified solution... A 25...H (aq)  ............................................................ MnO4 (aq) + 5Fe (aq) + .............0 cm3 sample of this solution was acidified and titrated with 0.......0 cm3 of this potassium manganate(VII) solution was required to react fully with the Fe2+ ions present in the sample..xH2O in 3................. [1] (ii) Use the equation in (a)(ii) and your answer to (b)(i) to calculate the number of moles of Fe2+ present in the 25.......... [1] (ii) Complete and balance the ionic equation for the reaction between the manganate(VII) ions and the iron(II) ions..xH2O was dissolved in water to form 250 cm3 of solution..........0 cm3 sample of solution used....... .............. (i) Explain.............(aq) + 5Fe (aq) + ....... [1] (iii) Calculate the number of moles of FeSO4............................. ............... the meaning of the term oxidise in the sentence above...3.....40 g of the compound............................ In this titration 20..... in terms of electron transfer.0200 mol dm–3 potassium manganate(VII)...................................H2O(l) – 2+ + 3+ [3] (b) (i) Calculate the number of moles of manganate(VII) used in the titration.

xH2O. [1] (v) The relative formula mass of anhydrous iron(II) sulfate. [1] (iv) Calculate the relative formula mass of FeSO4. FeSO4. Calculate the value of x in FeSO4. is 151.8.xH2O. [Turn over .

and all of the ammonia produced was boiled away.96 g sample of the solid fertiliser was heated with 40. the remaining NaOH(aq) was exactly neutralised by 29. 40. After cooling. and sand only. In a separate experiment. A 2. (NH4)2SO4.5 cm3 of 2.0 cm3 of NaOH(aq).0 cm3 of the original NaOH(aq) was exactly neutralised by [Turn over .00 mol dm–3 HCl. [ 1 ] [ T o t a l : 9 ] 1 A sample of a fertiliser was known to contain ammonium sulfate. an excess.

........ in moles.0 cm3 of ) NaOH(aq) that remained after boiling the (NH4)2SO4..........................00 mol dm–3 HCl.................. s w e r (ii) Calculate the amount........2 cm3 of 2.................... U s NaOH with HCl e y o ......................... of NaOH present in the 40.................................... in moles.............. .............. t o c a l c u l a t e t [Turn over .........00 mol dm–3 HCl.......... ( i v ) (a) (i) Write balanced equations for the following reactions.............................0 cm3 of the s original t NaOH(aq) that was neutralised by 39........... u r .................39................ of NaOH present in the 40. o ( i i ) a n d ( i i i (iii) Calculate the amount..... (NH4)2SO4 with NaOH a n ......2 cm3 of the 2.....

s w o e f r s ( N t H o ) ( i S ) O a n d ( i v ) t o c a l c u l a t e t h e a m [Turn over .) SO4. 4 2 ( o v u ) n t U . s e i n y o m u o r l e a s n .

of (NH4)2SO4 present in the fertiliser. by mass. [9] [Turn over .that 4 2 4 reacted with the NaOH. Write your answer to a suitable number of significant figures. (vii) Use your answer to (vi) to calculate the percentage. (vi) Hence calculate the mass of (NH4)2SO4 that reacted.

......... Complete and balance the equation for this reaction... + ...... (NH4)2SO4...... is widely used as a fertiliser. [2] (b) A 5.. a sample of ammonium sulfate fertiliser was analysed by reacting a known amount with an excess of NaOH(aq) and then titrating the unreacted NaOH with dilute HCl.00 g sample of a fertiliser containing (NH4)2SO4 was warmed with 50...0 cm3 (an excess) [Turn over .... In order to determine its percentage purity. (NH4)2SO4 + 2NaOH → ..2 Ammonium sulfate....NH3 + ... (a) Ammonium sulfate reacts with NaOH in a 1 : 2 ratio....

.. of NaOH in 50.00 mol dm–3 HCl..... of NaOH [Turn over ..........00 mol dm–3 NaOH...... (i) Write a balanced equation for the reaction between NaOH and HCl................ of 2.2 cm3 of 1.. (iv) Use your answers to (i).2 cm3 were required for neutralisation.... (ii) and (iii) to calculate the amount......00 mol dm–3 HCl and 31.. (iii) Calculate the amount...00 mol dm–3 NaOH.. When all of the ammonia had been driven off............. (ii) Calculate the amount....0 cm3 of 2......... the solution was cooled. The remaining NaOH was then titrated with 1... in moles. . in moles.............................................. in moles......... of HCl in 31......

of (NH4)2SO4 that reacted with NaOH.used up in the reaction with (NH4)2SO4. [7] (v) Use your answer to (iv) and the equation in (a) to calculate the amount. [Turn over . (vii) Hence. in moles. (vi) Use your answer to (v) to calculate the mass of (NH4)2SO4 that reacted with NaOH. calculate the percentage purity of the ammonium sulfate fertiliser.

83 g of lithium reacted with water to form 0. A typical intercontinental jet airliner burns 10. [4] (c) In a redox reaction.8 kg of kerosene for each kilometre covered. in moles. in tonnes.50 dm3 of aqueous lithium hydroxide. of lithium that reacted. (ii) Calculate the volume of hydrogen produced at room temperature and pressure. The flight path from Beijing to Paris is approximately 8195 km. of CO2 produced during this flight. (i) Calculate the mass. ( i [Turn over . 0. of C14H30 burnt on a flight from Beijing to Paris. 2Li(s) + 2H2O(l) 2LiOH(aq) + H2(g) (i) Calculate the amount. [1 tonne = 1 000 kg] (ii) Use your equation in (b) to calculate the mass. in tonnes.

.....................72 g of titanium.......................... determine the empirical formula of A..... in moles....... description .............85 g of a chloride A was formed................................ (ii) Calculate the amount...................................... [Turn over ............................. 2....... ii) Calculate the concentration................................ of chlorine atoms that reacted........... [5] (d) When heated in chlorine............ ............................. equation .. in moles.................. ............................. (iii) Hence........................ of the LiOH(aq) formed.................................................................. ....................... all of the alkali metals react to form the corresponding chloride.......... Describe what you see when sodium is heated in chlorine and write a balanced equation for the reaction... ...... in mol dm–3.............. .................... (iv) Construct a balanced equation for the reaction between titanium and chlorine.................................... (i) Calculate the amount................................. of titanium used.......... [ 2 ] (d) When an excess of chlorine was reacted with 0...............

................................ (ii) Both oxides formed in (i) dissolve in water to give acidic solutions......... [3] (d) Phosphorus sulphide................................................................................................. ............................ Sodium phosphate was prepared from 50.... is used in small amounts in the tip of a match................................................................. .................................... P4S3.....................[4] [Total : 9] [Turn over .... .................................... (i) Construct an equation for this reaction.........................500 mol dm–3 H3PO4 and an excess of aqueous sodium hydroxide.. (i) Write the equation for the complete neutralisation of phosphoric acid with aqueous sodium hydroxide.......................... On striking a match.................................................................. (ii) How many moles of H3PO4 were used? (iii) Use your equation in (c)(i) to calculate how many moles of sodium hydroxide are required.......0 cm3 of 0........ [4] (c) The salt sodium phosphate........... this compound burns.................. ... .............................................. is a water-softening agent.............................................. Construct an equation for the reaction of each oxide with water............................................................................................................ Na3PO4.....

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