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Learning

get up to speed with
the new learning to
drive requirements

to Drive
in association with the Road Safety Authority
how to become
a better, safer, more
competent driver
From passing the
theory test to getting your
licence; your complete guide
to getting behind the wheel!

02

A Message from
Contents Noel Brett, CEO,
04 In theory Road Safety Authority
05 Permission granted
06 Formal training essential to becoming a better driver
08 The role of the Sponsor
10 Your Logbook
12 10 ‘Golden Rules for Success’
13 What it takes to get behind the wheel today
14 Driving for life
This booklet is designed to guide those learning, or who are
17 Beyond your EDT training thinking of learning to drive, through the entire process.
In addition to candidates themselves, it will also be a
18 Get on your bike useful reference for their Approved Driving Instructors
(ADIs) and Sponsors.
20 Taking the test On some of the pages you will find QR code links to on-line
videos. The videos have been produced to further help clarify
22 Experience is the key the roles and responsibilities of the Learner, the ADI and the
Sponsor.
25 Enforcement activity
By understanding these roles and responsibilities the
26 Are you ready for your driving test? RSA believe that your learning will progress as efficiently as
possible and that it will have a deep and lasting effect on how
27 “It can happen to anyone” you interact with other road users.
There are also some additional short videos that
28 Understanding the impact explain the learning to drive process, from Theory Test to
compulsory lessons, right though to preparing for and sitting
30 Get the point, not the points the practical driving test.
I would like to take this opportunity to wish you well as
you learn this very important life skill. It will open the door to
new possibilities in terms of your personal freedom, mobility,
Credits and employment prospects. But please don’t forget that with
A BeCreative Editorial Production such new found personal freedom comes responsibility, a
Editor: Tara Leigh tara@becreative.ie responsibility to yourself and to those in your community,
Contributors: Mark Corcoran, Meghan O’Dowd with whom you share the road.
Advertising: Eoin Healy ehealy@independent.ie
(01) 7055403 Good luck and safe and happy motoring!
Design: INM Design Studio studio@production.ie
Repro: Independent Newspapers (Ireland) Ltd
27-32 Talbot Street, Dublin 1
Noel Brett
CEO – Road Safety Authority

03

Learning to Drive
‘Learning to Drive’ can be a stressful but equally rewarding travel. A well maintained vehicle will produce less harmful
experience for many people. It’s also different to the way emissions, burn less fuel saving you money and help to
somebody would be used to learning in school or college. reduce your overall running costs. Properly serviced vehicles
It is carried out on a ‘one to one’ basis with a professional can use up to 20% less fuel than a poorly maintained vehicle.
trainer, which in itself can be a challenging situation for A safe vehicle should have a warning triangle, a first aid
some. What is being learned is a very important life skill kit and a hi-viz vest or jacket for everyone in the vehicle.
and unlike theoretical knowledge learning a practical skill Clean windows make it easier to see, especially at times
requires a different approach. of the year when the sun is low in the sky or at night-time
People have different learning styles and trainers need to when headlights of oncoming vehicles dazzle.
be able to identify each individual’s personal learning style.
This is in order to make the training a success and as cost Safe Driver
effective as possible. It is with that in mind that Approved A Safe Driver is someone who does not drive under the
Driving Instructors (ADIs) develop individual training and influence of alcohol or drugs. A safe driver does not drive
lesson plans to suit each individual learner. when tired (See page 13) or use a mobile phone when driving.
Some learners are known as ‘Kinestetic’ type learners A safe driver is someone who concentrates on the task of
and learn best from training methods that include ‘hands driving and doesn’t get distracted.
on’ activity. Such learners may require more practical A safe driver drives the way he or she did when under the
experience. Therefore, it is important for an ADI to recognise guidance of their instructor or their Sponsor. Remember,
this and utilise a training plan that involves more practice. drivers are responsible for the majority of collisions (84%)
Other learners may be ‘Auditory’ and respond best to that happen on the road. Concentration, Consideration and
training methods that focus on spoken words and sounds. Courtesy cost nothing at all, but could save your life or the
Their ADIs may spend more time explaining things rather life of a passenger or other road user.
than demonstrating.
‘Visual’ learners respond well to methods of training that Safe Journey
include strong visual components so plenty of demonstration A Safe Journey is one of the hardest things to plan for, as it
may be required. involves interaction with other road users who you have no
Other learners respond best when they read or write control over. But you can anticipate what they might do and
something and ADIs may set written work to help them plan to keep yourself safe. A little time spent planning each
progress through their learning to drive experience. journey can make all the difference.
Whatever type of learner you are you will need time to It begins by asking – is the journey necessary? It may
practice outside the formal lessons, so it helps to be aware of be that weather conditions are such that it is not safe to take
your learning style and be guided by your ADI as to how best your normal route or mode of transport. A simple decision
to practice. By practising what you have learned you will be to delay the start of your journey or to take the train instead
able to develop and hone your driving skills. It will also help might be the wisest course of action in such a situation.
you to become a safer and more socially responsible driver. If the journey is necessary, then plan for the safest
route. Think about school times or peak times for traffic
What is Safe & Socially Responsible Driving? (to and from work) and ask yourself can you organise your
Many drivers go through life without ever being involved in journey to avoid the highest risks. Doing this can also save
a crash and, as a result, regard themselves as ‘safe’ drivers. you considerable costs as you avoid getting stuck in traffic
This may be the case, but are they socially responsible? queues.
Social responsibility includes being aware of the many issues A driver can make a journey safer by making sure they
that affect the way you drive, including whether or not you have adequate fuel for the journey.
should be driving at all. The main point is, the better the advance planning the
This booklet is designed to guide you through the learning safer the journey will be.
to drive process in Ireland with the ultimate goal of helping
you to become a safer and more socially responsible road Value for your money
user. As a learner you owe it to yourself to get the most out of
The three main elements of being a safe and socially the learning to drive process. It is hard to believe but some
responsible road user are having a: learners turn up for their driving lesson without having given
a single thought to their driving since their last lesson. These
n Safe Vehicle n Safe Driver n Safe Journey n learners may eventually pass their driving test but all the
good practice will be very quickly forgotten. This group of
Safe Vehicle drivers are the most at risk on the road for the next two years
Having a Safe Vehicle, which is well maintained, not only or so. This is because they slowly experience what they
helps keep you and your family or friends safe, but helps should have been learning while being taught by their ADI
other road users and communities in the areas where you and mentored by their Sponsor.

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“Once you have chosen an ADI it’s necessary to prepare in advance for each lesson. says Dolan. The ADI’s role is to help the learner become a better. . A Sponsor is an experienced driver. the Road Safety Authority (RSA) announced a range of measures. pay becoming your money and off you go.900 instructors nationwide have been approved by the RSA. the training learner will struggle. One of the most notable changes was that learners are now required to undertake at least 12 hours of compulsory Essential Driver Training (EDT) with an Approved Driving Instructor (ADI). Tara Leigh writes on what it takes to get behind the wheel Michael Dolan Essential Driver Training (EDT) Scan here to watch our video on Essential Driver Training (EDT) ON the 1st September 2010. The 12 one-hour sessions tackle specific ‘high risk’ issues to ensure drivers are fully equipped to drive safely from the very beginning of their motoring careers. essential “For the learner this means choosing the best ADI and Sponsor for you.” Choosing an Approved Driving Instructor a better Over 1.06 So you’ve passed your theory test and secured your learner permit. According to the Road Safety Authority the introduction of the Essential Driver Training scheme will not only help learner drivers learn vital driving skills but also enhance their understanding of road safety. “Within the learning to drive process there are three Formal participants . You don’t just turn up ad hoc. often a family member. to enhance the way those learning to drive would be trained. To find an ADI in your locality simply log on to rsa. To do this. it is just as important for the learner to take a hands-on approach to their learning.” says Michael Dolan. they need to not only deliver the EDT programme but structure the learner’s training around his/her needs and progress.ie where you will find a full list of ADI permit holders.” to However. “All three roles are equally important to the process and if one element is missing. who supervises the learner’s driving practise outside of formal driving and EDT lessons. is that the ADI and Sponsor understand their roles and interact with each other. tested and licenced in Ireland. so that you get the most from your learning to drive experience.” The most important factor for the learner. driver safer more competent driver. the Approved Driving Instructor and the Sponsor. as part of their Graduated Driving Licensing system. In addition to taking mandatory lessons with an ADI it is also strongly recommended that each learner driver chooses a Sponsor.the learner.

“It is therefore a good idea for the Sponsor to EDT lessons in the learner Logbook. it’s about advancing to becoming Scan here to watch our video on a better. the Sponsor should not be teaching is required. EDT lesson two and so on. The self-analysis part of the training rates so it’s not just a matter of undergoing 12 hours of makes learners ask questions such as what happened. Sponsor’s role is to reinforce the learning that is happening in NCT and the roadworthiness of the vehicle are all in order. safer. “However. When some drivers make an matter of taking EDT lesson one.” should let you know what practise and background reading asserts Dolan. to drive Your EDT Training According to the RSA each EDT lesson lasts about one hour and it is recommend that you leave two weeks between each of the EDT lessons to allow for further instruction.” observe and question their strengths and weaknesses.” accordingly. Your ADI with their mother or father so the Sponsor is not a new role. motor tax. “ says Learner Dolan. “It’s not a when it’s also in black and white. if there is something they are not sure “Self-analysis is an important aspect of the Essential about or they feel the learner is missing. will check to make sure your insurance. and each lesson thereafter. while at the same time guarding against over confidence. This is why the Logbook is so a learning tool to aid their formal lessons with their ADI and important. Ideally. That way. n LESSON 1 n LESSON 5 n LESSON 9 CAR CONTROLS AND SAFETY CORRECT POSITIONING 2 CHANGING DIRECTION (MORE CHECKS COMPLEX SITUATIONS) n LESSON 6 n LESSON 2 ANTICIPATION AND REACTION n LESSON 10 CORRECT POSITIONING 1 SPEED MANAGEMENT n LESSON 7 n LESSON 3 SHARING THE ROAD n LESSON 11 CHANGING DIRECTION DRIVING CALMLY n LESSON 8 n LESSON 4 DRIVING SAFELY THROUGH n LESSON 12 PROGRESSION MANAGEMENT TRAFFIC NIGHT DRIVING . the learner new skills that have not been covered by the ADI. At the end of each lesson – whether it’s an EDT lesson or “Basically. and if you are using your of both formal and informal training is required. Therefore it is the your Logbook for feedback and structure your practise time ADI’s responsibility to tailor the training to each individual. “It is important that the student is made aware that Driver this is not about criticism. to become a competent driver a mix ADI will check your learner permit. If you feel you did the roles and responsibilities of something well then say so but include why you did it well – the learner driver as you learn that will help you to remember it later on. your According to the RSA. Once you’ve found an ADI it is vital to ask them for advice “Traditionally when people learnt to drive they went out on how to prepare for the course of EDT lessons. the practice sessions need to be undertaken in not – the ADI will inform the learner of their progress. their practise sessions with their Sponsor. This a structured manner so that all of the training is consistent. sessions. the ADI will be able Driver Training programme as it encourages the pupil to to see and address it at the next lesson. tick “People can absorb the information and adjust to it better off the 12 lessons and take your test. they are inclined to ignore “The reality is that everyone progresses at different it and forget about it. more competent driver. Some ADIs provide be guided by the ADI so that no discrepancies arise between written feedback on other formal non EDT lessons also.” says Dolan.” will include spoken feedback as well as written feedback on asserts Dolan. as well as your own innate ability. That said the own car. the EDT course should be spread over 6 months.analysis and for the learner to review for the Sponsor to make records and notes on the training their own progress. How quickly you progress depend on a number of did it happen and how can I change it?” factors including how much work you and your Sponsor put While the Logbook is an important tool in self-analysis it in between lessons and your personal commitment to the can also be extremely useful to the Sponsor who can check process.” At your first EDT lesson. the formal lessons. 07 “A common misconception is that you simply show up. what the learner is being taught by their ADI and what they The learner keeps the Logbook and it should be used as are hearing from their Sponsor. error and it hasn’t caused a crash. practise and learning. It also offers an “There is a page at the back of the Logbook specifically opportunity for self. how training.

The major learners to leave at least two weeks between each lesson difference under the Essential Driver Training measure is that to allow for practice with their Sponsor. The Road Safety Authority advises have a full licence holder present while driving. a person who has learner drivers (who hadn’t already done so) are now advised held a full driving licence for more than two years. Your Sponsor must have held their own full Category B between lessons driving licence for a minimum of two years and should ideally have at least 100. one should not forget that it is one during their driving lessons and in turn achieve their goal of that carries risks. In the to choose a Sponsor with which to undertake supervised interim the learner driver will be required to take additional driving time between each lesson. learning to drive is a major step on the road who practise between lessons will make better progress to independence. However. family members or friends Under the Essential Driver Training programme. . to take a more active role in preparing the youth of today to learners are required to complete a minimum of 12 one- become better. The responsibilities of the Sponsor While ADIs are responsible for delivering formal driver As part of the Essential training the role of the Sponsor is to help learners practise Driver Training programme in the skills learned during their EDT lessons. however.08 The role of the Sponsor Undoubtedly. it is just as important to select an to supervise driving practiCe individual who is able to put in the time and effort to help you. It is for this reason that the Road Safety becoming a skilled driver. Research shows that accompanying drivers can have a the Road Safety Authority real impact on the learning to drive process so it is vital to is encouraging learners to choose someone that you feel comfortable with such as a enlist the help of a Sponsor family member. hour lessons focusing on ‘high risk’ road safety issues over Learner Permit holders have always been required to a six-month period. safer.000km of driving experience. competent and more responsible drivers. Authority is calling on parents. lessons with their ADI (Approved Driving Instructor) According to the Road Safety Authority learner drivers depending upon their rate of progress and access to practise with their Sponsor.

we can “I think you need to have a good relationship to be able to see in black and white what she needs to go back over. you have to be sure you are they will carry with them for the rest of their lives. “If you are going to be conveying the information to the “When I was learning to drive ten years ago. Log on to www. Chief Executive Officer with the Instructor and Sponsor work closely together. acknowledges Val.” “Tomás. It is the Scan here to watch our Sponsor’s job to offer support and display a real interest in video on the role of the the learner driver’s progress. learner drivers get time to practise what they have learned with the Approved Driving Instructor. When selecting a Sponsor she chose her daughter think about in-between lessons. become better drivers.” says Cathy. record you trust. To ensure this. with you and you will not develop bad habits. the ADI.” these aspects of the Essential Driver Training programme. My husband gave me a few is teaching. ” to download the Rules of the Road and an Essential That being said. documenting your progress to her progress in learning to drive she is eager to purchase in a Logbook will ensure you know exactly where your a car so that she can practise with her Sponsor in between strengths and weaknesses lie. it was absolutely crazy. my Approved Driving Instructor.rsa. about it now. I could have driven to “When you have been driving for a long time you don’t my test. She’s comfortable with me in the car and that is The Road Safety Authority believes that by utilising all of very important.ie competent driver. “I live directly across the mother completes her self-analysis page during the week road from my mother.” continues Val. but it must The Road Safety Authority has a number of tools be someone who can make the commitment to contribute available to Sponsors to enable them carry out their their time to helping you to become a better. Val and both women feel it is important to choose someone “After each lesson myself and Tomas. My practise with someone. it is not just about feeling comfortable with learner will become a better safer driver and develop skills the person.” states Val. you are in a situation the learning properly and from the very beginning. so we are very close and she knows when she has time to reflect on the lesson without any we are not going to fight or get in an argument when we are pressure.” says Noel Brett. With the Essential Driver think every step through one hundred per cent of the time Training scheme the onus is put on drivers to get involved in but when you are learning to drive. began taking lessons three weeks where you have to think everything through all of the time. “This is a hugely important role and achieved. These are not mutually exclusive roles and you consider learning to drive is who to choose as your learner drivers get the best results when the Approved Driving Sponsor. our analysis of the lesson in the Logbook. is very patient with me and explains everything clearly. uncle or sibling. When you think learnt. This way. While practising with a Sponsor is a great way to build upon While Cathy believes mandatory lessons are essential the tuition received with the ADI. which has really Charting your progress helped my confidence.” out driving. Val has sat “Everybody becomes complacent over time but if you in on Cathy’s lessons with her Approved Driving Instructor grasp these skills when you are starting out they will stay (ADI) to become familiar with his approach. a However. failed it and driven home. and who demonstrates safe driving behaviour you can learn from. the Road Safety Authority advises Sponsors to take the time to meet with the Approved Driving for life Tara Leigh talks to Cathy and her Sponsor Val about the importance of learning the correct driving skills from the beginning and why it is never too late to get behind the wheel CATHY. the role of the Sponsor is to ensure Driving Training booklet. Sponsors should not attempt to teach the learner driver anything that has not Sponsor been covered by the Approved Driving Instructor. it was a learner in between lessons. the training received from the Approved Driving so it is vital that this is a person you feel comfortable with Instructor and practise with their Sponsor will be consistent. By ago and while she recognises she still has a long way to bringing someone else on board it not only makes everybody go before becoming an accomplished driver she already responsible for the learner’s advancement but everyone will considers her Essential Driver Training extremely valuable. It is helpful to know what has been covered lessons and after that I took a few with a driving instructor and that way our practise sessions can reinforce what was but I drove myself to and from the lessons. 09 “One of the most important decisions you make as Driving Instructor. you need to know what the ADI completely different system. This might be a parent. passing on the right information. safer and role as effectively as possible. Once this is Road Safety Authority. and give you something to lessons. Sponsor In order to do this successfully.” . who is in her 60s.” says Val.

10 the logbook iS a uSeful tool for the learner. Safer.ANALYSIS AND ThE SpONSOR’S RECORDINgS . more competent driver. the SponSor and the adi in helping the learner become a better. below we take a look at a Sample logbook to illuStrate thiS Your Logbook ONE LEARNER’S SELF.

please think about the following questions. She drives well but sometimes forgets to check her mirror before signalling. Her confidence when approaching junctions is really growing now. Brian tells me to always reverse into my driveway at home. I feel ready. 17th February 2013 Today Karen drove to Naas. What were the expected outcomes for this lesson? Did I meet those outcomes? Do I understand the theory behind the topics covered? What did I do well? Why did I do it well? What did I not do so well? What do I think caused me not to perform those pieces so well? Was I properly prepared for the lesson? How can I be better prepared in future? To get the best out of your self analysis. In the meantime I will ask Dad to watch my speed in the practise sessions. Signal. one after another. Brian had Karen talk her way through the system of control on the approach to each junction – seemed to do the trick. Notes: 14th February 2013 Karen drove to Tesco’s and on the route we were able to practise many roundabouts (7 in total). I also remembered to use the markings Brian gave me. This is an exercise for your own use but your ADI may wish to discuss your self analysis with you before your next lesson and you should find that a short discussion with your ADI or Sponsor will often be helpful. I must talk to Brian to see what I could do to help her remember to check her mirrors. Her mirror work was much better and she only forgot it once and even then she recognised that herself. The main thing to remember is to take the time to carefully consider your own performance. I think she is ready to do her 5th EDT lesson and will chat to Brian about arranging that. you should complete it as soon as possible after the lesson while it is fresh in your mind. what the learner needs to read up on or have covered before the next EDT lesson. the learning that has taken place during both EDT and other driving lessons. Sponsor’S PAGE Sponsors should use this section to record the dates and times of when practise sessions are taken and which topics were practised. That will help me to be ready for each lesson as they come along. . I must ask Brian when I might be ready to do EDT lesson 5. the demonstration really helped. This went well because this is the thing I was practising all week. a Sponsor will be able to help reinforce. Self Analysis (See notes section inside back cover) I was not very well prepared for today’s EDT lesson as I did not do plenty of practise beforehand. That way I will be able to see properly when reversing in and when I drive out again. I think I have the handle on that now but must keep practising. Karen seems to have reverted to her old ways with the mirrors again. Manoeuvre) My reversing was great. I know the practise is a crucial part of my course and need to make sure I take the time to practise in future. Generally I was using the system of car control well but on occasion forgot to check the mirror before I signalled. She was very upset by this so we changed to practise her reversing instead and that seemed to cheer her up. Brian said I need to watch the speed. She does it well when I remind her but not so well when left to her own devices. Mirror. 23rd February 2013 Not a good day today. he said I tend to be ‘heavy footed’ so sometimes I don’t realise how fast I am going – for that reason I need to pay more attention to the Speedo. Be guided by your learner’s ADI who will have noted details of the EDT lessons taken and may have included details of what needs to be practised further. We did over 70Km today and Karen did extremely well. for the learner. Sponsors may also use this section to leave comments for the learner or ADI as appropriate. By doing that I do not always know it is safe to start slowing down or even if the signal might startle another driver who is overtaking me. By keeping in touch with the learner and the ADI. (Mirror. 28th February 2013 Better again today. 11 SELF ANALYSIS – LESSON 1 In analysing your performance on EDT Lesson 1. I managed to do three reverses correctly. I am good at things when someone shows me how to do it. I need to be more consistent and remember the MSMM routine.

Before booking your 07 Make sure you always get a lesson ‘wrap up’ from your ADI. If using a large recommendations for practise with your Sponsor and some driving school ask which ADI will be assigned to you and if recommended reading (related to either what you have just you are not happy let them know. their ADI updating their EDT or IBT record. 03 many are just paying on a per lesson basis these days. Make sure your ADI gives you an appointment card Make sure your Logbook is properly completed by your 02 which sets out the date. non must be completed. time and location of pick up for 09 ADI. ADi Do ask questions of Scan here to watch our video on 06 your ADI and your the role of the Approved Driving Sponsor. driving school changing their ADI from one lesson to the next. progress against your training plan. See page 11 of this handbook for examples of ADI comments. Some learners complain about the next lesson). It’s up to you. if this is happening to you and you are not happy Take time to complete your ‘self-analysis’. This should include feedback on the first appointment ask the ADI for a full list of terms and lesson just completed. For further Be careful when choosing a Sponsor – make sure they information on IBT see page 18. Check that your progress is being sent to the RSA by 10 logging onto ‘MY EDT’ or ‘MY IBT’ available from the Ask to see your training plan (this will not be available RSA website ‘MY IBT’ will be available from October 2013. conditions. Do not let things Instructor (ADI) slip by. they will be keen to hold been doing in your lesson or what you will be doing in your onto you as a customer. This is a very with it say so.12 10 01 ‘golden Rules for Success’ Do seek a recommendation from family or friends when choosing your ADI. Most ADIs update the RSA records at least once a week. of this handbook for some examples. See page 11 always get the same ADI. Be careful when deciding to pay for lessons in advance. The Feedback section and Recommended Actions your next lesson as well as what type of lesson it is (EDT. Again. including their cancellation policy. that you need them to complete it fully. If anything is missing let your ADI know EDT etc). 04 at your first lesson) and check your progress against it Learners will not be able to get a test appointment without from time to time. 05 will be committed to the task and can spare the time to help you. if you don’t know ask or you wont know! . you might decide to say it at the start so you 08 important part of skills learning for adults.

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14 Tara Leigh talks to learner James King and his Sponsor Pat Horgan about the importance of undertaking a structured mode of training and why 12 lessons alone are simply not enough What it takes to get behind the wheel today .

Sponsor because I was very hands on when my son was “I think it is important to practise in between lessons learning to drive. but an hour or two with your Sponsor is simply not enough. 21. “I see a lot of people making mistakes and it taking in so much. When a learner driver is being “The standard of driving on Irish roads is not great. “I used to sit in on his lessons with Tomás so that I I take an hour every day to familiarise myself with the could take in everything Tomás was saying while my son controls of the car so that I am ready for my next lesson.” not only involves studying the EDT syllabus but practising what has been demonstrated by the Approved Driving Preparation is key Instructor (ADI) with a Sponsor.” adds and chances are you will not become a safe and competent James. information to the learner at a later stage. James’s ADI Tomás O’ and practise with their Sponsor between each lesson to Callaghan asked Pat Horgan to step in. James argues that the learner “I think Tomás probably asked me to be James’s must every day be striving to become a better driver.” “If you are trained by someone who is not an Approved “Having the Sponsor sit in on the lessons also helps Driving Instructor.” says Pat. It is necessary to learn from the start what is safe car.” taught and has the ADI in the passenger seat he is only continues Pat. When James’s Sponsor While it is vital for learners to undertake the 12 mandatory was no longer able to put in the time necessary to help lessons set out by the Road Safety Authority with their ADI him practise between lessons.” a good degree of interaction. I think it is important to take the time to prepare for your lesson so you know what that lesson will entail and where everything is on the car” LIKE most men his age. 15 “Before each lesson I spend an hour or two going over the EDT syllabus. James. ease. Without entail and where everything is on the car. decided to take only become a skilful driver if both the Approved Driving driving lessons so that he could get to and from work with Instructor and Sponsor are working together. . impressions on the learner rather than what is required “Before each lesson I spend an hour or two going over under Essential Driver Training. After beginning his Essential Driver Training (EDT) “If the Sponsor does not interact with the Approved he believes preparation is of the utmost importance in Driving Instructor the Sponsor may be imparting their becoming a proficient driver. I think it is important to take the time to ten or twelve years of collision free driving behind him/her prepare for your lesson so you know what that lesson will but that does not mean he/she is driving correctly. become a proficient driver.” and what is not safe so that it becomes habit. The Sponsor may have the EDT syllabus. “They can get used to someone else being in the driver. you are not getting the right information people who are nervous driving with passengers. the Sponsor and Approved Each EDT lesson has a preparation requirement which Driving Instructor cannot be on the same wavelength.” Get all of However. whereas a Sponsor sitting in the back is largely down to the fact that they have not been trained of the car can take in a lot more information and relay that correctly from the start of their driving career.” concentrated on the road. Pat is quick to point out that the learner will your driving lessons from an ADI.

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The 12 lessons can be considered part of what is required for safe driving. you may still need to complete your individual driver training plan.” says Dolan. “Just because the theory test is out of the way. doesn’t mean that study time is finished. EDT is just part of that. Sure. passing your driving test is a rite of passage that all learner drivers look forward to. Rule change and new road signs are introduced from time to time so it is good practise for every driver to read the Rules Of The Road at least once a year. According to Michael Dolan that principle applies whether you have passed your driving test or not. “That’s not the case. 17 once your approved driving inStructor (adi) haS Stamped each eSSential driver training (edt) leSSon aS complete in your logbook. regularly reading the Rules of the Road and re-familiarising yourself with Driver theory test books. “This may involve taking extra formal lessons with an Approved Driving Instructor. “So drivers need to learn the necessary skills now which will help them become better. but to stay safe you should be advancing your knowledge and understanding as well as your skills all of the time. “Some people look at the driving test as the end goal. After you finish your EDT course. The RSA also recommends continuing to practise with your Sponsor as much as possible to get comfortable behind the wheel. This may well include additional lessons with an Approved Driving Instructor to improve your driving skills and confidence on the road. Learners and qualified drivers should be constantly refreshing their knowledge. Everyone is different and most people will need different levels of training.ie . “Research shows that learning in a structured manner will help you preserve those skills throughout your lifetime.” For more information visit rsa. safer and socially responsible drivers for the duration of their driving life. your leSSonS are not over SayS the rSa Beyond your EDT Training WHILE the EDT training is an important component of the graduated Driving System you should not consider your training finished once you have completed all 12 lessons successfully.

it must be noted that all four modules have to be completed within two years of completing module one or you will have to repeat the entire course. Basic Training course. may feel are weak. trainer on how best to prepare for the course and also In an attempt to bridge this gap. the course which is comprised of both on-road and The Logbook also offers an opportunity for self- compound based off-road tuition.analysis According to the Road Safety Authority. Motorcyclists cannot take to the roads unsupervised until the programme has been completed. research shows that motorcyclists are three To get the most from your Initial Basic Training. safer and more competent motorcyclist. At your next lesson. the Road Safety to familiarise yourself with The Rules of the Road. your IBT trainer Anticipation and Reaction and travelling in severe can review those areas with you and help you to become a Weather Conditions. your trainer will give you a motorcycle test Certificate of Satisfactory Completion. your trainer will sign off and record this in What is Initial Basic Training? your Logbook.rsa. needed to deal with the various hazards faced when riding a motorcycle . motorcycle test However. IBT training must be completed better. .18 Tara Leigh on what it takes to become a licenCed motorcycle rideR today Get on your bike DUE to the fact that they have less protection and their with an Approved Driving Instructor (ADI). In general and analysis. Once you have On the day of your completed all four modules. this will allow you to move onto the next The RSA worked with motorcycle instructors to devise Module. As each module is successfully completed. Self. which must be kept Scan here to find out what you with your learner permit for the bike you are riding as both should expect on the day of your documents may need to be produced for Garda inspection. the Authority has introduced new measures for training Learning to Ride a Motorcycle booklet and Essential motorcyclists so that they have the information and skills Skills. times more likely to be killed on Irish roads than in any the RSA advises all learners to consult with their IBT other EU country. In fact. To find an IBT narrow profile. Initial Basic At your first lesson. www. According to the RSA self-analysis is an depending on the path chosen the learner motorcyclist important part of your training as it offers an opportunity will take four modules covering core areas of motorcycle to reflect on your training and focus on areas that you safety including Personal Protection Equipment.the official motorcycling manual.ie. motorcyclists are far more vulnerable on Approved Driving Instructor in your area simply log on to roads than drivers of cars or most other vehicles. safer more competent motorcyclist. your trainer will give you a personal Training (IBT) is the first step on the road to becoming a Logbook setting out the lesson plan for your Initial better.

completion of the progression module 5 on a Training (if you have not previously completed IBT) and motorcycle with a minimum power output of 40kW is all that passing your practical driving test. This (paper type). increased to 50kW in November 2013). 3 and 5 of the IBT course on new unrestricted Category A licence by first obtaining a a motorcycle with a minimum power output of 40kW if you Category A unrestricted learner permit. of driving licence. This restriction continued for two years after you completed your motorcycle driving test and had Progressing to an unrestricted Category A driving obtained a full driving licence for this category. were initially restricted to driving motorcycles subject to a power limit of 25kW.) Progressing to an unrestricted Category A driving In addition. Prior to 2013 holders of a Learner Permit for Category A you are only required to undergo a practical driving test. then undergo the have not completed any Initial Basic Training. 19 P L E S AM During your initial Basic Learner motorcycle test Training (iBT) Motorcyclist Scan here to watch Scan here to watch Scan here to watch our video on what our video on Initial our video on your roles happens during the Basic Training (IBT) and responsibilities motorcycle test as you learn to ride a motorcycle What the new progression module means for you If on the other hand you have previously completed IBT On January 19th of this year a further progression module and held a Category A restricted to 25kW Learner Permit was introduced as part of the new licensing rules.3 and 5 of the Initial Basic of motorcycle. you will A2 (plastic type) Learner Permit you can progress to the need to complete modules 1. for those who have held a provisional licence licence for learner permit holders prior to 1989 without a break in validity exceeding 5 years. required IBT training. (*From November 2013 the motorcycle used must have a minimum power output of 50kW. you only need to successfully complete the progression module allows riders in certain instances to progression module 5 on a motorcycle with a minimum change vehicle types and sizes and obtain a higher category power output of 40kW as well as the practical driving test. after the 6 months is required. For example this can be done by For those who have previously completed IBT on any type undertaking modules 1. . (*The minimum power output of 40kW will be learning period. licence for full driving licence holders The new rules mean that if you are 24 years old or over If you are aged 24 years or older and have been issued and the holder of the old Category A restricted to 25kW with a Category A full driving licence within the last two (paper type) Learner Permit or the holder of a Category years and wish to remove the power restriction.

” Driving test waiting times have been steadily falling in recent years. in many areas it is less than this. to help you to become an even better safer driver. taken the test and been successful. the feedback we get is positive. What this means for you is that your driver tester will be making notes on a tablet device during the test. “They will then be glad they have gone through the mandatory training. This is available immediately to those with access to emails via a tablet or smart phone. “When a person has come through their Essential Driver Training. It is for this reason you must ensure that you are ready for your test before applying.20 Pat Travers Taking the test WHEN it comes to becoming a competent driver there is no doubt that driver education plays a central role. your tester will show you details on the screen. discuss it with your ADI there and then. Your Approved Driving Instructor will be able to advise you as to when you are ready to take the test. you will also receive a detailed marking sheet via email or post. According to the RSA this formal structure will ensure those learning to drive become safer No more drivers and sail through their driving test. Depending on the correspondence method you selected when you applied for your test. Regardless of the result (Pass or Fail) he / she will also provide you with a Feedback Form which indicates the areas that would benefit from further attention. If possible. The RSA aims to have a national waiting time on average of 10 weeks. That is. After your test has finished and you have been given your result. Chief Driver Tester with waiting the RSA. If it is not possible. benefitted from their training and gotten value from their experience. so only apply when you are ready to do so. . This information is important and whatever your result you should discuss the feedback with your ADI. Your ADI will have explained that you should not be put off by this as driver testers routinely make notes throughout the test. all of those applying for their first learner permit for a car on or after the 4th April 2011 must undertake at least 12 hours of compulsory training.” says Pat Travers. you should arrange to meet your ADI to discuss it at a mutually convenient time. It was with this in mind the RSA introduced the new Essential Driver Training/Initial Basic Training programmes. New electronic marking system being introduced in driver testing THE Driver Testing Service of the Road Safety Authority is currently implementing a system that records driving test results electronically.

engine oil. es rse and tu rnabout re-pay their fees and come in again in another 10 weeks. and a hill start. windscreen washer fluid.” continues Travers. address. 21 passing Commo during thn mistakes ma e drivin de the test g test n Inadeq uate obse junctions. identify the other areas that you need to concentrate on. rv atio at roundab n when moving of lanes outs and f. pliance w road sign ith “You also need to ensure that your brake lights and s and mar traffic controls su kings ch as indicators are in working order and that the car is taxed. he would focus primarily on that and steering. On the day During your of your test driving test Scan here to find out what to Scan here to view a video of expect on the day of your a candidate undergoing her driving test driving test . “They will have to re-apply. It is absolutely vital to become familiar with RSA booklets such as the ‘Preparing for your Driving Test’ booklet before the day of your test. brakes and horn. Whether you pass your test or not. a turnabout in the road. which you can then exchange for a full driving licence from the licensing authorities. as well as demonstration skills such as reversing around a says Travers to take heed of the tester’s feedback. “Your corner. “You could be ing. were blind to stop signs. n Excessi insured and the NCT is displayed. You will also tester will focus on the key learning points that you need to need to know how to perform a check on the tyres. when chan at ging WHEN it comes to sitting the test there are a number of n Failure key areas to be aware of. at rou ight. so if the issue with your drive today was that you reflectors. in king learner permit you will not be able to take your test. lights. says to anticip ate the ac Travers is to be prepared. bend ndabouts s an excellent driver but if you do not show up with a valid or overta and n Incorr ect. The most important factor. “In this instance their test can’t confidence manoeuvr in the reve go ahead.” ve speed condition for the ro s ad or traf While this may seem like basic information the reality is fic that up to 20 per cent of people show up to their test without n Lack of these requirements in place.” The driving test itself should last approximately 40 minutes and will include questions on the Rules of the Road. the tester will issue you with a Certificate of Competency. You’ve passed! What next? AFTER you pass your test. Not only mirrors an adequate or inap is it a legal obligation to carry a learner permit it is also a d signals propriate use of key requirement in ensuring the identification of the person n Non-com taking the test. tions of ot n Incorr her drive ect ro rs Travers is quick to point out that being unprepared does when turn ad position on stra not mean that a person is not a good driver. it is vitally important. coolant.

drivers more at risk? charged with the excited energy of driving for the first time. It is vital that young and inexperienced drivers a crash within six months of passing their test. Increasing age also results in a of risk of being killed in a road collision. It is clear old driver is more than three times as likely to be involved in that over-confidence plays a part. their friends drivers are at the most risk.7% risk of 30 – 39 year olds you can see that there is a the effect of added experience. When you compare reduction in crashes. Results from studies there show that an 18-year. and take seriously. in a safe and socially responsible way will dramatically But it is not only in Ireland where younger inexperienced reduce the risk for newly qualified drivers. young drivers at such a high risk on the roads. It is important Why are young and inexperienced to remember that. However. The first And the studies back this up. Irish research. young drivers. showed that 17 – 20 year old drivers had a 12. Young people quickly pick . It is common that inexperienced drivers become are far more likely to be involved in a crash than their older complacent or even arrogant about their skills. as the research shows. Taking the time to drive considerable discrepancy. It is counterparts. have completed your test and are feeling more confident than ever.22 You’ve undertaken all your EDT training.5% risk of 25 – 29 year olds and the in the first few years of driving is considerably less than 1. this kind of thinking which can put lives at risk. and family. are aware of. experience and necessary caution are essential to safety on our roads Experience is the key ROAD crashes are the biggest single killer of young people a crash as a 48 year-old and that one in five new drivers has worldwide. the risks and hazards that every driver encounters on the roads. Research conducted in the UK makes for interesting But what is it about the lack of experience that leaves reading.9% liability of new drivers. although the magnitude of this effect those figures to the 2. completed few years of driving are crucial in determining the crash in 2011. as the research shows.

The good news is you can substantially reduce keep themselves safe. hazards and spot them quickly and effectively. . drivers who do so learned from a very young age. need to avoid a situation. as a result. If there is a sudden and more inexperienced drivers are more likely to take risks. they can tend to use most of their mental energy on the Many young people also admit they think crashes only immediate tasks such as gear changing. 23 up the physical skills of driving and. Carrying those skills are among the safest drivers of all. The research shows that younger observation of the potential hazards. rather than general happen to other people. Although some hazards on the road are easy to identify. obvious. feel they REMEMBER –Concentration – Courtesy and have mastered it. socially responsible driver. the danger during the period of highest risk by continuing to Inexperience can also affect a driver’s ability to assess drive the way you were taught. there are some situations where hazards are not immediately The three Cs will help. but think that they are actually in control. they are left feeling very confident Consideration help keep everyone safe about their driving ability.risk to deal with it due to their mental energy being focused on taking creeps in where new drivers do not take the time to other tasks. Thus. Your driving instructor will have taught you to CONSIDERATION. Looking ahead and into using the road will help to keep you out of trouble anticipating what might happen will not only help keep you and more importantly help to make you a safe and safe but will save you money. young people may be less able People do not generally take risks in a deliberate way . COURTESY were all things we look forward and anticipate hazards. CONCENTRATION. This means young drivers may Driving is a new experience for young people and drive unsafely.

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136 (26%) did not involved and the RSA would also appeal directly to the display ‘L’ plates. ‘L’ plates displayed. it remains at an unacceptably high tuition to candidates.610 a test. Additional and regular enforcement is planned in 2013. who are able to provide a high standard of first operation in March.423 learner drivers stopped at checkpoints. Although the compliance rate has increased since the with the RSA. parents of young learner drivers to stop turning a blind eye These requirements are there for the Learner Driver’s and to what’s going on and do not allow their son or daughter every road user’s protection and there will be a continued access to a vehicle. average and in some places this waiting time is lower. unless they are accompanied and have focus on ensuring our learner driver’s do it right. There is also an issue of parental responsibility (36%) were driving unaccompanied and 1. registered plates. the RSA can prioritise that candidate for of the 4. plus the display of L Approved Driving Instructors (ADI) nationwide. 1. Waiting times for the driving test have level. There are almost 2. If someone needs an urgent driving test. Waiting times or access to quality tuition Four operations were held in 2012 targeting learner are no longer excuses for driving long term or breaching permit holders and their legal obligations to have a fully the terms of the Learner Permit.” Enforcement activity THE gardai have begun to mount regular enforcement Historically learner drivers may have blamed waiting times campaigns targeting non-compliance by Learner Drivers of for a driving test as an excuse for driving unaccompanied or the terms of their permits. .000 qualified driver with them at all times. 25 “waiting timeS or acceSS to Quality tuition are no longer excuSeS for driving long term or breaching the termS of the learner permit. without ‘L’ plates. and this will continue to be addresses in future garda been cut dramatically and are below a ten week national operations. for example The results of the four enforcement campaigns found that to secure a job.

for example. The above In 2011. This means ensuring that the brake. 16. handbrake and seatbelts are working efficiently. indicator as the day of your test approaches there are certain lights. 595 failed to ready to sit the driving test. 533 did not have valid tax. you are progressing through the The first step is to ensure that your car is roadworthy well Essential Driver Training/Initial Basic Training programme in advance of your driving test as your car may require ad your ADI and you both feel ready for your test. should meet the legal minimum tread depth (1. the vehicle presented for the test.6mm for a motorbike). shorter – the average waiting time is just ten weeks – the In addition to the car being in working order a candidate Road Safety Authority is urging people to wait until they must ensure that they have the correct documentation with and their Approved Driving Instructor feel that they are them on the day of the test. That said there is much more take their test due to not having a valid NCT disc.6mm for a car With the average waiting times for driving tests getting and 1.26 Are you ready for your driving test? You’ve put in the time and effort with your Approved So how should you prepare for the driving test? Driving Instructor. are in the waiting room of the correct Driving Test Centre When a test is not conducted. driving licence so it’s important to ensure you give yourself plenty of time to get to your test centre on time.73 per cent of booked driving tests were not are all required legally to drive your car and so are mandatory conducted for a number of reasons including a fault with for completing the driving test. Would you believe that 677 tests times for learner drivers who are ready to take the test are were not carried out in 2011 due to candidates being late? longer but the candidate has to reapply and thus pay the This is one of the simplest steps you can take in getting your fee again. maintenance. However. it not only means that waiting before your driving test. Many test takers want time to relax. 328 arrived to preparing for the driving test than considering yourself a with no L plates. documentation not being While it may seem obvious the last step is to ensure you in order and the candidate not turning up or being late. 724 had no valid competent driver. Tyres considerations to be made. or go to the toilet before going out on test so give yourself plenty of time. In 2011. . insurance and 829 did not have a learner permit.

Road Safety Authority have developed this booklet to help “When young people hear guards and teachers ‘lecturing’ learners learn effectively. Having just turned 18. who had been suffering from illness.” with school children in an effort to educate them on the Do all you can to learn to drive safely and stay safe. it was some time before Meghann grieved and If Meghann had one piece of advice to offer road users it came to terms with the reality that Marcus was dead. I felt like I had to step up to the mark.” her family. A year and a half later Meghann’s to take your friends everywhere and impress them with your father. “It was hard to believe that this could happen to someone so young.” “We all think we are invincible but we are not.45am after being taken to a local hospital Marcus took his last breath. you are so excited. “It was a rollercoaster ride for us all. you want you. a keen academic who had dreams of becoming a vet and someone who could make friends easily. I try to When the radio documentary was complete Meghann do something every day that makes me happy or makes received an overwhelming response from her lecturers and a difference. safety but will go a long way towards keeping you safe for “When you get your first car. your family and friends. died.” Meghann who was only 15 at the time has memories of waking in the middle of the night and finding her mother clutching Marcus’ clothes. “It broke our family apart.” says Meghann. When he died his dreams died and in a way my to do something positive to honour Marcus memory. I think the formal driving lessons together with plenty of practise with a reaction to me has been so positive because I’m just a Sponsor is proven to work best. Going through something like that you are family. Follow their advice and be a normal girl being as honest as I can about how speed has safe and socially responsible driver – it won’t guarantee your affected me and my family.” happen to anyone. in denial and it was difficult to move on with our own lives. The realities of road danger. . Marcus had so much to live for. We were the full. I used to imagine visiting him and my nieces “During my Masters I made a radio documentary about and nephews when I was older. He just but you have to realise that that’s someone else’s son or couldn’t go on.” Tragically in 2005 while travelling home from rugby training with his friend. 27 “It can happen to anyone” The tragic effects of a fatal crash on one Irish family Meghann Scully’s brother Marcus was a local sporting hero. Marcus was involved in a car crash. eighteen days before the crash. When you do that you can be inclined to take chances “My father never picked up after Marcus died. I never thought that I would be standing Feeling as though she had to hold everything together for in front of a congregation giving a eulogy at the age of 15. Marcus. The driver of the car died instantly and at 2. Being two and half years older than her. driving. family’s did too. daughter in your car. That’s not going to happen. Meghann looked up to her brother who “seemed as though he could do everything. would be to take caution on the road and to live every day to “When Marcus died we were kind of in a bubble. night he died and how it has affected our family since. It told the story from when Marcus was born to the I’m never going to have nieces and nephews now. I had to grow up “People don’t think it will happen to them but it can really fast. She then came up with the idea to share her story reminded how short life is. Their advice on a blended mix of them about road safety they tend to tune out.” “The thing that always strikes people is how much Marcus As the years went on Meghann realised that she wanted had to live for.

by being more pay for this. For that to reduce the environmental impact of driving. to remove excess luggage from the car and empty roof racks which are not being Euro NCAP used. switch off your engine whenever you stop for It is a fact that vehicle size. rather than for rare occurrences. when it is not necessary. it’s very important to choose a car to suit your you produce. Did you know that one of the greatest factors influencing the environmental impact of your driving is your choice of Reducing the environmental impact of driving car? A 4×4 car can produce as much as three times the Both your choice of car and your driving style impact on emissions as the most efficient small car.28 MARK CORCORAN examineS how to make your driving more Socially reSponSible understanding the impact EVERY driver must be aware of the impact that each consumption but can also mean increased tyre wear. on the environment so drivers have a social responsibility to consider whether or not a journey is necessary before Choosing your car setting out. However. of the year. A revised rates structure for vehicles taxed you can considerably reduce fuel consumption and on the basis of CO2 emissions was announced in Budget emissions. routes. more efficient car the rest money in the long run. Road Tax is also considerably lower on more attentive. You can reduce the environmental impact of driving and how that might be distance you drive by combining trips and planning your mitigated by the use of vehicles and the vehicle controls. but they may also save you a great deal of By driving a smaller. car journey has on the environment. why not hire tips will not only have a more positive effect on the a 4×4 for the duration of the holiday? environment. there are a number of ways everyday needs. Finally. From day one. engine size. you could save more than enough money to By accelerating and braking smoothly. A fully loaded boot not only means increased fuel If you are considering buying a new car you should examine . it is Driving at 50km/h is more fuel efficient than driving at important for learners to know about and understand the 70 km/h. the amount of fuel you use and the amount of pollution So. looking further ahead and by better planning efficient cars. so remember – don’t rush. fuel type and the way a vehicle is driven impact regularly. vehicle more than a minute and be sure to have your car serviced design. Remember to avoid using air conditioning 2013. These off-road trip you want to take for your holiday.

car is in roadworthy condition. inflated minimum statutory standard of safety for new cars. It is important to take into account road works. diversions and other factors that might make measurement of the safety performance of some of the your journey take more time. closely information regarding the safety performance of forecasts and radio announcements. individual car models. The RSA recommends replacing tyres when chosen vehicle. But legislation provides a Make sure your spare tyre is in good condition. This difficulties. Best current or future car . get someone to test all your vehicle’s lights while By law. carry a tyre inflator kit.com advice is to carry one for each seat in your vehicle. it is to the recommended pressure and that your wheel the aim of Euro NCAP to encourage manufacturers to go spanner and jack are operational. Next. includes understanding route planning. the tread depth falls below 3 mm. tests before they are sold.visit www. Euro NCAP is backed by your coolant fluids are at the required levels and that seven European governments. country. Be sure to also plan for most popular cars sold in Europe. To do this. make sure also that you are displaying your up load a vehicle appropriately and giving attention to weather to date car insurance. in order to provide accurate information for anyone Before you set off. You may also want to beyond these minimum requirements. Carrying a First Aid kit and two warning triangles Planning your journey may be of great assistance if you should encounter Every driver must know how to prepare for a journey. FuEL TYpE AND ThE WAY A vEhICLE IS DRIvEN iMPaCT on THe environMenT SO DRIvERS hAvE A SOCIAL RESpONSIBILITY TO CONSIDER WhEThER OR NOT A JOuRNEY IS NECESSARY BEFORE SETTINg OuT. knowing how to Finally. make sure that Established in 1997. all new car models must pass certain safety walking around your vehicle. .euroncap. 29 IT IS A FACT ThAT vEhICLE SIZE. vEhICLE DESIgN. the European Commission you have the proper level of oil in your engine (by using and motoring and consumer organisations in every EU the dipstick). it is important to check that your buying a car about the safety performance of their cars. motor tax and NCT discs. ENgINE SIZE. They crash test vehicles breaks and refuelling stops on a journey. check your Consumers then have the opportunity to compare the tyre pressure and that you have the required tread on safety performance of similar sized vehicles with their your tyres. Responsible drivers have hi-viz If you want to know the safety performance of your vests or jackets permanently stored in their vehicle. Euro NCAP provides a realistic and independent events.

be a permanent phenomenon. . The good news is that Ireland’s road safety record has The penalty points system has been designed with drivers’ improved dramatically in recent years and we are now best interests in mind. the RSA to improve driver behaviour and reduce levels of death and recognises that road death and casualty reduction needs to serious injury on Irish roads. road deaths in Ireland. This notice will include details of your new penalty point offenceS are name. points. not only road deaths. date time and location of on the way targeting learner the driving offence concerned.30 New learner penalty point increases THe rules of THe roaD are THere To ProTeCT anD noT To aCT as an inConvenienCe. A target was published in the RSA’s Road Safety Strategy. the number of learner drivers The way we learn to drive must play its part in achieving with penalty points endorsed on their licence is 31. iT is in everyone’s inTeresT THaT all MoTorisTs Drive in a resPonsible fasHion. number of fully licenced drivers is 455. That target was to reduce road fatalities to no A penalty point is essentially a formal reprimand by the greater than 60 fatalities per million by the end of 2012 – gardai endorsed on your driving licence record that shows equivalent to 252 deaths per annum. Any driver who accumulates 12 penalty points within any given three-year period will be automatically disqualified from driving for six months. Introduced in October 2002. address. Written warning If you have committed a driving offence that incurs penalty points you will receive a written notification informing you that points are being added to your driving licence.907. It will also confirm that you either paid the fixed driverS but are deSigned to charge for the offence or were convicted encourage Safer driving and in the court of such offence. The further reductions. The Penalty Points System 2007-2012.186. It is also an offence to drive while disqualified. In 2012. Penalty points remain on the licence for a period of three years. It represents 36 road deaths per million. significantly reduce deaths and injuries on Irish roads and The current Road Safety Strategy for 2013 – 2020 targets bring Irish road safety in line with international best practise. not just a one-off and they will The system is underpinned by a government strategy to be endeavouring to ensure that the numbers keep shrinking. It is an offence not to surrender a licence. the aim of penalty points is But while the trend is currently a positive one. The notice reduce caSualtieS on our roadS will also contain a date on which the notice was issued to you. As of the 31st March 2013. breaKing THese rules anD noT Driving in a soCially resPonsible Manner Can leaD To PenalTies. the lowest annual total since records There are 48 road traffic offences that attract penalty began in 1959. there were 162 you are guilty of a specific driving offence. among the safest countries in the EU. This is the important date as the points will only be added to your licence 28 days after this date. but in particular Serious Injury crashes. so. The driver is required to surrender his/her licence to the appropriate licensing authority within 14 days of receiving notification of the disqualification.

e. Boundary between two carriageways 1 3 60 90 Failure to stop for school warden sign 1 4 80 120 Failure to stop when so required by a member of the Garda Síochána 2 5 80 120 Failure to leave appropriate distance between you and the vehicle in front 2 4 80 120 Failure to yield 2 4 80 120 Driving without reasonable consideration 2 4 80 120 Failure to comply with mandatory traffic signs at junctions 1 3 60 90 Failure to comply with prohibitory traffic signs 1 3 60 90 Failure to comply with keep left/keep right signs 1 3 60 90 Failure to comply with traffic lane markings 1 3 60 90 Illegal entry onto a one-way street 1 3 60 90 Driving a vehicle when unfit m* 3 Court Fine Parking a vehicle in a dangerous position m* 5 Court Fine Breach of duties at an accident m* 5 Court Fine Speeding 2 4 80 120 Driving without insurance m* 5 Court Fine Driver of car or goods vehicle not wearing safety belt 2 4 60 90 Driver permitting person under 17 years of age to occupy a seat when not wearing safety belt 2 4 60 90 Driver of car or goods vehicle permitting child under 3 years of age to travel in it without being restrained by appropriate child restraint 2 4 60 90 Driver of car or goods vehicle permitting child over 3 years of age to travel in it without being restrained by appropriate child restraint 2 4 60 90 Driver of car or goods vehicle permitting child to be restrained by rearward facing child restraint fitted to a seat protected by active frontal air-bag 2 4 60 90 Driver of bus not wearing safety belt 2 4 60 90 Using vehicle – (a) whose weight un-laden exceeds maximum permitted weight. (b) whose weight laden exceeds maximum permitted weight. e. Carriageway reduction lane 1 3 80 120 Failure to obey traffic lights 2 5 80 120 Failure to obey traffic rules at railway level crossing 2 5 80 120 Driving a vehicle on a motorway against the flow of traffic 2 4 80 120 Driving on the hard shoulder on a motorway 1 3 80 120 Driving a vehicle (subject to an ordinary speed limit of 90 kms per hour or less) on the outside lane on a motorway 1 3 80 120 Failure to drive on the left hand side of the road 1 3 60 90 Failure to obey requirements at junctions.g. e. or (c)any part of which transmits to ground greater weight 1 3 200 300 than maximum permitted weight Driver found to be driving carelessly m* 5 Court Fine Drink Driving Offences(In all cases where the BAC is between 50 mg and 80 mg of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood) 3 n/a 200 12 Penalty Points = Automatic Disqualification! * Mandatory Court Appearance .g. etc. m* 3 Court Fine Holding a mobile phone while driving 2 4 60 90 Dangerous overtaking 2 5 80 120 Failure to act in accordance with a Garda signal 1 3 80 120 Failure to stop a vehicle before stop sign/stop line 2 4 80 120 Failure to yield right of way at a yield sign/yield line 2 4 80 120 Crossing continuous white line 2 4 80 120 Entry by driver into hatched marked area of roadway. Reversing from minor road onto main road 1 3 60 90 Driving on a footpath 1 3 60 90 Driving on a cycle track 1 3 60 90 Failure to turn left when entering a roundabout 1 3 60 90 Driving on a median strip. 31 OFFENCES INCURRING PENALTY POINTS Penalty points on Penalty points on Fixed Charge € Amount paid in Amount paid in These are summary descriptions of the offences and not a legal interpretation.g. Not being in the correct lane when turning onto another road 1 3 60 90 Failure to obey requirements regarding reversing of vehicles.g. payment conviction 28 days next 28 days Using vehicle (car) without (NCT) test certificate m* 5 Court Fine Driving vehicle before remedying dangerous defect m* 3 Court Fine Driving dangerously defective vehicle m* 5 Court Fine Using vehicle without certificate of roadworthiness m* 5 Court Fine Bridge strikes. e.