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PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE 2.

Pass the board exam with an average of 70% and with no day falling below
Instructor: Architect Abelardo Firmeza 50%
Day 1 30% history of architecture
COURSE OUTILE: professional practice
A. Administering the regular services of architecture building tech.
1. Definition of the architects role in the building industry Day 2 30% utilities
2. Liabilities and responsibilities structural
3. Methods of selecting the architect Day 3 40% architectural design
4. The architectural projects 3. Registered
5. The professional fees a. PRC renewable every 3 years during your birth month
6. Inter-professional relationships b. BIR
RC residence certificate
B. The spectrum of the architects services PTR professional tax receipt
1. The pre-design services OR official receipt
2. The regular design services c. SEC security exchange committee
3. Specialized allied services d. LGU local government unit
4. Construction services e. DTI department of trade and industry
5. Post-construction services 4. Filipino
6. Comprehensive architectural services
7. Design-build services Technically
1. Graduate of BS Architecture
A. Building Laws 2. 2 years diversified training experience
1. The laws regulating the practice of architecture
2. The laws affecting housing, real estate, design, general
construction, etc.
3. The general conditions of a contract The The
Abstract Physic
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architect
ARCHITECT
1. Concept 5Ms
- legally and technically qualified to practice architecture.
2. Document Resources in
-reports; pictures; Construction
Legally
graphics; draw 1. materials
1. 21 years old
3. Implement 2. money
4. Post Implementation 3. manpower 6. Repetitive construction
4. machines 7. Housing projects
5. minutes 8. Extensive detailing
CODES OF ETHICS 9. Alterations and renovations
1. General objectives 10. Consultations and arbitration
2. Ideals
3. Success Group 1. Simple Projects
4. Remuneration - requires no interior partitions
5. Interest of the clients a. Armories
6. Professional prerogatives b. Bakery
7. Business venture c. Hangar
8. Behavior
9. Criticism Minimum basic fee: 6% of the cost
10. Creative endeavor 50M or less: 6%=A
50M to 100M: A+5%=B
METHODS OF SELECTION OF ARCHITECT 100M to 200M: B+4%
1. Direct Selection
2. Indirect Selection example:
a. Referral from another architect 55M project
b. Recommendation from a satisfied client 50M 3M
c. Comparative Selection 5M 0.25M
3. Design Competition 55M 3.25M

CLASSIFICATION OF ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTS Group 2. Moderate Structures


1. NBC use and occupancy - have interior partitions
(National Building Code) a. Art galleries
2. FCP risk of the occurrence of fire b. City halls
(Fire Code of the Philippines) c. Libraries
3. UAP degree of difficulty in design d. Supermarkets
(United Architects of the Philippines) e. Banks

LIST OF ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTS Minimum basic fee: 7% of the cost


1. Simple projects
2. Moderate structures Group 3. Exceptional Structures
3. Exceptional structures - with consultants
4. Residential a. Atomic facilities (physicist)
5. Monumental structures b. Aquarium (marine biologist)
c. Mortuary 3rd unit : 60% of MBF
d. Medical facilities / hospital 4th to infinity : 40% of MBF
(electrical engineer)

Minimum basic fee: 8%


Group 4. Residential
Minimum basic fee: 10% Group 7. Housing Projects
- includes only houses
Notes: 1st unit : MBF
** Condominium 2nd 10th unit : (60% of MBF x N) = B
- Considered as high-rise residential building. 11th infinity : B+(30% of MBF x N)
- According to FCP:
a. considered as exceptional where: N = no. of units
b. 15m above is considered a high-rise building that requires
consultants for: Group 8. Extensive Detailing
- elevator - includes detailing of furniture, cabinets, landscapes and interior
- sprinklers
- structural engineer Minimum basic fee: 15%

Dominant Use Group 9. Alterations and Renovations


- Basis for classification of groupings - includes groups 1.2.3.4&5
- Example is Mix-Use building
Minimum basic fee: MBF + 50% of MBF
Group 5. Monumental Structures example:
- it requires concept
a. expositions
b. mausoleums
c. museums
d. gateways
Minimum basic fee: 12%

Group 6. Repetitive Construction


- using one and the same plan without any minute difference
- used several times Group 10. Consultation and Arbitration
- includes group 1,2,3,&5 - architect is entitled to receive payment on clients when giving an opinion
1st unit : MBF of Grp. 1,2,3 or 5 regarding architectural terms
2nd unit : 80% of MBF - as of 1979: P200.00 per hour rate
4. Professional Fee + Costs
5. Combination Method
- combination of 1,2,3&4
6. Per Diem
7. Turn Key
- payments received after all the works has been done

METHODS OF COMPENSATION
Note:
1. Percentage of construction cost ** 15 days receive payment after all the working drawings have been
- based on minimum basic fee submitted.
2. Multiple of Direct Personnel Expense (MDPE)
- none creative no-construction projects. SCHEDULE OF PAYMENT
- ex. feasibility studies
Architect: NRTMf Contractor
Consultants: NRTMf 1. downpayment: 20% - 50%
Staff: NRTMf 2. progressive payment: based on partial complition
Professional Fee: Direct Cost + MP + RE 3. guaranteed bond:
punch listing inspect the building upon completion
where: Specialized Allied Services
T : time spend on the project 1. proposal phase: 5%
N : number of person 2. submission and acceptance
R : rate of preliminary drawings: 25%
Mf: multiplying factor (2.0-2.5) 3. submission and acceptance
RE: reimbursable expenses of final drawings: 50%
MP: margin of profit 4. retention fee: 20%
-not more than or equal total 100%
to 30%
Architect
- reimbursable expenses 1. proposal phase 5%
a. mutual agreement 2. schematic design phase 15%
b. pertinent to the project 3. submittance of design
c. occur outside of the 100Km radius from the base of development phase 15%
operation or office 4. contract document phase 50%
5. construction phase or
3. Lump Sum + Fixed Fee retention fee 15%
- convert the cost to the nearest whole number total 100%
Schematic design phase
-integrated regular engineering services
Notes: Design development phase
** To get the proposal phase of the architect Contract document phase
General conditions
from the lot area, determine the buildable area Agreement
buildable area = lot area open spaces Specifications
Special Provisions
** rule of thumb: 30% open area Drawings
ex. buildable area: 100sqm 30sqm Construction phase
: 70sqm Milestones of Construction
: P20,000 x 70 1. Establishment of References
: P1,400,000.00 a. horizontal references
- lot plan, benchmark
AE (architectural/engineering fee): 10% b. vertical references
: 140,000.00 - positioning of elevations
staking plan positioning of wood as marks for the start of digging and
proposal phase of 5% = P7,000.00 excavation.

THE SPECTRUM OF THE ARCHITECTS SERVICES

UAP Doc. 201


The pre-Design Services
- non-creative projects (MDPE)

Economic feasibility studies


Physical planning services
Architectural programming services 2. Excavation
Site selection and analysis - supervised by the architect and the structural engineer
Site utilization and land-use 3. Reinforcements
Space management - check size of bars, spacing, splicing and number of bars.
Promotional services
Support bars for installation of slab reinforcement: sapatos or spacer
UAP Doc. 202
Regular Design Services
- sequential process
4. Concreting
5. Finishing

2. Subdivision Planning in the Urban Area


- as of 1979: P3,000.00/has

Subdivision planning subdividing or parceling of large lots into smaller lots.

3. Subdivision Planning in the Rural Area


- as of 1979: P2,000.00/has
UAP Doc. 203 civil works
Specialized Allied Services - get paid 4% of the cost of the work
- requires consultants, having specified licenses - additional 30% if the terrain is rugged
B. Interior Design
Physical planning services 2 types:
Interior design 1. Interior Decoration
Landscape architecture - mainly furniture
Acoustics, communications and electronics 2. Interior Design/Architecture
Comprehensive planning services - combination or integration of furniture to its location
minimum basic fee:
- 12% - 20% of the cost of the work
Note: - 15% is mostly used
Estimate
** structural: P50.00 P80.00 per sqm C. Landscape Architecture
Minimum basic fee: 10% - 15%
A. Physical Planning Services
D. Acoustics, Communications and Electronics
3 types: Minimum basic fee: 10% - 15%
1. Site Development Planning
- as of 1979: P5,000.00/has E. Comprehensive Planning
1. Physical planning services
2. Economic planning services
3. Socio-cultural planning services
4. Transportation and utilities planning services
- roads and bridges
5. Legal and administrative
- includes form of government
1. Salary method
2. 45 to 6% of the gross monthly rentals

UAP Doc. 206


Comprehensive Architectural Services
- inclusion of UAP Doc. 201 - 205
- package services

UAP Doc. 204


Construction Services UAP Doc. 207
Design-Build Services
F full-time supervision: 1% - 1-1/2% - guaranteed maximum cost 10%
- supervision of the architect on site or its representative
from 8am 5pm a. Design-build administration
Cm construction management: b. Design-build guaranteed maximum cost
1-1/2% - 3%
Pm project management: Contractor
2% - 5% - holds the money
- purchase the materials
- payment for laborers

Builder
- compute the payroll
- submit computed payroll to the owner
- canvass and identify suppliers
- no responsibilities in holding the money
UAP Doc. 205
Post-Construction Services UAP Doc. 301: GENERAL CONDITIONS OF A CONTRACT
- making the structure habitable and has occupancy permit
It establishes the relationship between: Owner-Architect, Owner-Contractor(s),
Be Bldg. and equipment maintenance and Contractor-Architect. It stipulates the norms by which the contractor shall
Bg Bldg. and grounds administration perform his work in accordance with the current trends in the practice of
Architecture.
PAYMENT SCHEMES
Section 1. Definition and Documents 2 lending institution
Article 1. Definitions a. file
Article 2. Execution, Correlation and Intent of b. appraiser
Document
Article 3. Drawings and Specifications ** 9 copies are free of charge and the succeeding copies are payable.
b. As-built Conflicts on drawings and specifications or text
c. Detailed Drawings specifications or text will prevail
d. Shop Drawings if not stated on drawings and specification,
e. Working Drawing the contractor has the right to do it in the most expensive manner, still
Notes: the materials have to be approved by the architect.
Construction
** 6 to 8 - distances of nails
** Every 4 - distances of rivet at ridge roll for roofing Section 2
5 Sets of Blue Prints 1. Laws
1 office of the building official 2. Regulations
1 contractor 3. Site Conditions
1 owner - the architect should do ocular inspection of the site
1 fire department 4. Permits
1 site: - responsibility of the contractor to provide permit on his own expense
Only the architect can use the copy at the site. 5. Taxes
May cause termination of the contractor in case of - whoever gains pays tax
lost or mishandled. 6. Insurance
Well-kept at the site. a. life insurance
Protected by electrical tape, binded by wood and b. property insurance
screw and supported by acetate cover. 7. Survey
- actual verification of size of the lots at the cost of the owner
- re-survey when problem occur but at his own expense

Section 3. Equipment and Materials


o Equipments written on quotation submitted by the contractor
must comply with actual usage.
o Materials should follow what is written on specifications.

Additional 4 copies of blue prints Section 4. Premises and Temporary Facilities


1- homeowner association o Define by property line
1- security of homeowner association o Consideration of safety of adjacent lots and users.
ex: town house, condominium, subdivision, etc.
Temporary Facilities ** duration starts counting 7 days after the acceptance of NTP notice to
1. warehouse proceed.
2. bankhouse or barracks ** within 7 days: mobilization and materials were prepared.
- for stay-in workers ** immediately means 5 days
3. office ** s-curve allowable deficiency is 10%
- for architects negotiations
4. utilities Contractor
- water, electrical sources, etc. 1. Certificate of completion (partial)
5. access 2. Request for Inspection
- road, pathways, etc. 3. Billing
6. trial usage 4. Certificate of Non-Financial
7. enclosures
8. signage
- falling debris
- park at your own risk

Section 5. Protection of Work and Property


When accepted
Section 6 - the architect furnish certificates to the owner:
1. Labor 1. Certificate of acceptance
a. Quantity: no. of worker, lesser the worker when 2. Certificate of payment
construction is almost finish
b. Quality: proper work designation such as painter,
carpenter, steel man, etc.
2. Work
- based on specifications and plans

duration include liquidated damages which means


delayed construction to be deducted to the fee. Notes:
a. working days Monday to Friday ** the contractor may not be paid till 90 days before he go to court.
b. calendar days number of days including Saturday, ** substantial completion (98%): the contractor may e paid 100%
Sunday and holidays
3. Payment Section 7. Contractor-Separate;
- no payment shall be made without the approval of the Contractors-Subcontractors relations
architect.
Notes: Section 8. Suspension of Work
People who can suspend work: owner and contractor
1. Owner 4. LOI 1000 The letter of Inspection Mandating Government support only to
a. Bankruptcy declared by BIR the A.P.O.
b. Insubordination not following orders 5. EO 164 The Executive order regulating the hiring of foreign consultants
c. Non payment Article 1. Organization
2. Contractor Article 2. Registration and Exam
a. Government stoppage of work ** Qualifications
b. Non action of request a. 21 years old
- drawings b. Filipino
- materials c. Graduate of BS Architecture
- inspection d. 2 years diversified experience
c. Non payment of workers or materials e. High-School Graduate

Notes: Article 3. Sundry Provision


Involving numbers a. Foreigners cannot practice if there is no reciprocity
** 5 days means immediately b. Corporation cannot practice architecture
** 7 days NTP notice to proceed c. Architect whos employed by the government cannot practice
** 10 days request for materials and drawings architecture privately
notice (stop, begin or resume)
** 15 days money matters (request for inspection, payments, Termination of License
salary and wages) 1. Fraudulent Acts
** 30 days arbitration 2. Scandalous Acts
** 90 days government stoppage 3. Criminal Acts
** 120 days Building Permit (stoppage) a. Life
** 365 days Building Permit (without construction) b. Property
3 consecutive board examination failures 4. Unsound mind
guaranteed bond 5. Violation of Code of Ethics
reinstatement
** 3 years renewal of license Note:
** 15 years liability of architect to his project Designers
** ADB Building Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM)
BUILDING LAWS ** Bureau of Soil Japanese architect
** Lung Center and Health Center George Ramos
Practice of Architecture ** World Trade Center Minoro Yamasaki
1. RA 545 The Architectural Law ** Only the architect may sign the Architectural Plans
2. PD 49 Intellectual Property Law
3. PD 223 The Law that created the PRC LAWS THAT AFFECTS HOUSING, GEN. CONSTRUCTION, DESIGN, REAL
** Hon. Antonieta Fortuna-Ibe (head) ESTATE, ETC.
- while studying, 4 hours a day may count
1. PD 1096 The National Building Code - 8 hours a day when working
2. PD 957 The Condominium and Subdivision Buyers Protective - overtime, Saturday and Sundays are not included
Law - submission of logbook is 30 days before the board exam
3. BP 220 The Socialized Housing Law
4. BP 344 The Law Enhancing the Mobility of the Disabled (The
Accessibility Law)
5. PD 1185 The Fire Code of the Philippines

Notes:
** former president Ferdinand Marcos signed most of these laws
** Architect Roberto Pentong Gaite architect to juries
** Building Permit issued to buildings having a cost of
P15,000.00 of indigenous materials
** Hon. Florante Soriquez secretary of DPWH

PRIORITY CHAPTERS TO STUDY

NBC:
1. Chapter 1 General Provision
2. Chapter 2 Adm. and Enforcement
3. Chapter 3 Permits and Inspection
4. Chapter 7- Classification and Use
5. Chapter 8 Light and Ventilation
6. Chapter 12 Gen. Design and Construction

OTHER INFO
Apprentice Designer Draftsman
- signed by Filipino architect
- current and valid ITR
- under minimum of 6 months work with architect
- maximum of four architects to sign the logbook
- 3840 hours