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Public Storm Warning Signals are raised to warn the public of incoming weather disturbances.

Once a Storm Signal is raised, conditions are not yet necessarily felt in the given area. The
following are the lead times for issuing a Public Storm Signal:

 The weather disturbance is expected in 36 hours once Public Storm Warning Signal No. 1
is raised.
 The weather disturbance is expected in 24 hours once Public Storm Warning Signal No. 2
is raised.
 The weather disturbance is expected in 18 hours once Public Storm Warning Signal No. 3
is raised.
 The weather disturbance is expected in 12 hours once Public Storm Warning Signal No. 4
is raised.

Lead time shortens if a new weather bulletin is issued and the area’s Public Storm Signal
Warning remains the same.

As the weather disturbance moves through the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR), Public
Storm Signals may be upgraded or downgraded.

An area’s given signal number is based on the intensity, size of circulation and the forecast
direction, and speed of the tropical storm or typhoon when the Public Storm Warning Signal is
raised. Changes in intensity, size of circulation, or movement of the tropical cyclone also
determines the change of the Public Storm Warning Signal in a given area.

Meteorological Conditions:

 A tropical cyclone will threaten/affect an area.
 Winds of 30-60 kph is expected.
 Intermittent rains may be expected in at least 36 hours. (When the tropical cyclone
develops very close to an area, a shorter lead time of the occurrence of the winds will be
specified in the warning bulletin.)

Impact of the Winds:

 Twigs and branches of small trees may be broken.

 In general.  Some houses of very light materials may be partially unroofed. Impact of the Winds:  Some coconut trees may tilt.  A large number of houses made of light materials may be unroofed. the winds may bring light to moderate damage to the exposed communities.  Some banana plants may be tilted or uprooted.  Winds of greater than 60 kph and up to 100 kph may be expected in at least 24 hours.  Old galvanized iron roofing may be peeled off.  The people are advised to listen to the latest severe weather bulletin issued by PAGASA every six hours.  Many banana plants may be downed.  Disaster preparedness units are activated to alert status. Precautionary Measures:  When the tropical cyclone intensifies and moves closer.  Rice and corn crops may be affected. .  Only very light or no damage may be sustained by areas affected.  The waves on coastal waters may gradually develop and swell. this warning signal number may be upgraded.  Few big trees may be uprooted. some of them may break.  Business may be carried out as usual except when floods occur. Meteorological Conditions:  A tropical cyclone will affect an area.  Rice crops in flowering stage may suffer significant damage.

 There may be widespread disruption of electrical power and communication services. Impact of the Winds:  Coconut plantations may suffer extensive damage. Meteorological Conditions:  A very intense typhoon will affect the area.  Rice and corn crops may suffer heavy losses. particularly in the agricultural and industrial sectors. Impact of the Winds:  Many coconut trees may be broken or destroyed.Meteorological Conditions:  A tropical cyclone will affect an area.  Winds of greater than 100 kph up to 185 kph may be expected in at least 18 hours. moderate to heavy damage may be experienced.  Majority of light material houses may be unroofed or destroyed.  Almost all banana plants may be downed and a large number of trees may be uprooted.  Very strong winds of more than 185 kph may be expected in at least 12 hours. There may be considerable damage to structures of light to medium construction.  Many large trees may be uprooted.  In general. .

Super Typhoon Meteorological Conditions:  A Super Typhoon will affect the area. or defoliated.  All signboards blown down.  Rice and corn plantation may suffer severe losses. broken.  Few plants and tress survived. especially in highly exposed coastal areas. Impact of the Winds:  Almost total damage to structures of light materials.  Very strong winds of more than 220 kph may be expected in at least 12 hours.  Electrical power distribution and communication services severely disrupted. or uprooted.  Complete roof failure on many buildings.  Coconut trees are stooped. Severe and extensive window and door damage.  Damage to affected communities can be very heavy.  Electrical power distribution and communication services may be severely disrupted.  Most residential and institutional buildings of mixed construction may be severely damaged.  Most residential and institutional buildings of mixed construction may be severely damaged.  Total damage to banana plantation.  Most tall trees are broken. . uprooted.