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pmbok-141

module 4.

Project
Time
Management

“PMI” is abbreviation for Project Management Institute as well as
trade and service mark registered in the United States and other
nations; “PMBOK”, is trademarks of the Project Management
Institute.

Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

Modul-Baku
Project Management
mengacu pada
Standar Kompetensi
Kerja
Nasional Indonesia
SKKNI
dari
LPJK
Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

module 4 Project Time Management

30
pmbok-141

Project Time Management
“the processes required to manage
timely completion of the project”

Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

7 6.4 Estimate Activity Resources Control Schedule 6.1 Plan Schedule Management 6.3 Sequence Activities 6.6 Develop Schedule Controlling Planning Initiating Closing Executing Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok. .2 Define Activities 6.50 & 61 54 pmbok-143 6.5 Estimate Activity Duration Monitoring & 6.

developing. procedures. Organizational process assets Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. Expert judgment 1. and documentation for Management planning. Project management 1. Input Tools & Techniques Output 35 33 1. Schedule plan 2. Meetings management 3.1. Analytical techniques 2. Plan Schedule The process of establishing the policies. managing. . Project charter 343. module 4 Project Time Management A B C D E pmbok-145 31 6. executing and control the project schedule. Enterprise 36 plan environmental factors 4.

module 4 Project Time Management Plan Schedule Management Data Flow Diagram Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

such as resource productivity information. Project management software provides the scheduling tool and alternative possibilities for managing the schedule. and 6.1. Organizational work authorization systems.1. Published commercial information. is often available from 5. 4. . 3. commercial databases that track. Organizational culture and structure can all influence schedule management. Enterprise Environmental Factors (EEF) that influence the Plan Schedule Management process 1. 2. Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. Resource availability and skills that may influence schedule planning.3. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-146 6.

module 4 Project Time Management
pmbok-147

6.1.1.4. Organizational Process Assets (OPA)
that influence the Plan Schedule Management process

1. Monitoring and reporting tools to be used;
2. Historical information;
3. Schedule control tools;
4. Existing formal and informal schedule control related policies, procedures, and
guidelines;
5. Templates;
6. Project closure guidelines;
7. Change control procedures; and
8. Risk control procedures including risk categories, probability definition and impact,
and probability and
9. impact matrix.

Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

module 4 Project Time Management
pmbok-147

6.1.2.1. Expert Judgment
that influence the Plan Schedule Management process

1. Historical Information:
• Environment
• Information from prior similar projects.

2. Combine methods and differences between them.

3. Judgment based upon expertise in an application area:
• Knowledge Area,
• Discipline,
• Industry,

Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

module 4 Project Time Management

A B C D E pmbok-149

31
6.2 The process of identifying the specific
Define Activities actions to be performed to produce the
project deliverables

32 Input Tools & Techniques Output
33
35

1. Schedule management 1. Decomposition 1. Activity list
plan 2. Rolling wave planning 2. Activity attributes
2. Scope baseline 343. Expert judgment
3. Milestone list
36
3. Enterprise
environmental factors
4. Organizational process
assets

Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

. module 4 Project Time Management Define Activities Data Flow Diagram Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

2. Enterprise Environmental Factors (EEF) that influence the Define Activities process 1. 2. such as the scheduling methodology.1. 6.2. Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. 2. 3. Existing formal and informal activity planning-related policies. procedures. that are considered in developing the activity definitions. Organizational cultures and structure. Organizational Process Assets (OPA) that influence the Define Activities process 1. and guidelines. and 3. and 4.1.3. Published commercial information from commercial databases. Templates that contain a standard activity list or a portion of an activity list from a previous project. Standardized processes. Lessons learned knowledge base containing historical information regarding activity lists used by previous similar projects. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-151 6. . Project management information system (PMIS).4.

2. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-152 6. Developing detailed project scope statements. who are experienced and skilled in: 1.3. Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. . 2. 3.2. Project schedules. Expert Judgment that influence the Define Activities process Project team members or other experts. The WBS.

. and future work is planned at a higher level of the WBS” Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.2.the work to be accomplished in the near term is planned in detail .2.module 4 Project Time Management 6.2 pmbok-152 Define Activities Rolling Wave Planning 37 “a form of progressive elaboration planning .

5 Project scope statement 39 . Project documents .2 Dependency 2. .4 Milestone list .6 Enterprise environmental factors .3 38 Identifying and documenting relationships Sequence Activities among the project activities Input Tools & Techniques Output 40 41 Schedule management Precedence diagramming 1. Project schedule plan method (PDM) network diagrams .3 Leads and lags .7 Organizational process assets Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.3 Activity attributes determination updates . module 4 Project Time Management A B C D E pmbok-153 6.2 Activity list .

module 4 Project Time Management Sequence Activities Data Flow Diagram Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

1. Organizational Process Assets (OPA) that influence the Sequence Activities process 1.3. . and templates that can be used to expedite the preparation of networks of project activities. 3. Company work authorization systems. Enterprise Environmental Factors (EEF) that influence the Sequence Activities process 1. Scheduling tool. and guidelines. Government or industry standards. 6.6.1.3. Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. Project files from the corporate knowledge base used for scheduling methodology. such as the scheduling methodology that are considered in developing logical relationships. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-155 6. Project management information system (PMIS).7. 3. Existing formal and informal activity planning-related policies. and 4. 2. 2. procedures. Related activity attributes information in templates can also contain additional descriptive information useful in sequencing activities.

. module 4 Project Time Management 6.3.2. 23 logic diagram Activities A B C D E Begin H F G End I J K L Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.1 pmbok-160 42 Precedence Diagramming Method (PDM) Sequence 12 activities.

certified: 1. OHSAS 18001:2007 Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. . ISO 9001:2008 2. ISO14001:2004 3.

(D) + 1 Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-156 Sequence Precedence Diagramming Method (PDM) Activities ES : Earliest Start ES EF ES EF EF : Earliest Finish Activity Name 1 Activity Name 2 Duration (D) Duration (D) LS LF LS LF LS : Latest Start LF : Latest Finish Earliest Finish (EF) (EF) = (ES) + (D) .(EF) Latest Start (LS) Critical path F = 0 (LS) = (LF) .(ES) = (LF) . .1 Float (F) (F) = (LS) .

module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-156 43 84 Sequence Precedence Relationship Types Activities FS Finish to Start Activity A Activity B Activity A Start to Start SS Activity B Activity A FF Finish to Finish Activity B Activity A Start to Finish Activity B SF Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

.3 pmbok-158 44 Sequence Leads and Lags Activities A Leads FS – 5 days B A Lags B FS + 5 days Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. module 4 Project Time Management 6.2.3.

. module 4 Project Time Management Sequence Precedence Calculation Activities Forward Calculation Backward Calculation Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

(Day) Start (LS) (ES) (EF) (LF) (TF) A10 2 1 2 1 2 0 A20 3 3 5 5 7 2 A30 1 6 6 8 8 2 A40 4 3 6 3 6 0 A50 2 7 8 7 8 0 A60 5 9 13 9 13 0 Total FLOAT (TF) = (LS) .6. .(ES) = (LF) .2. module 4 Project Time Management 6.(EF) Total FLOAT = 0 (Critical Path) Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.2 pmbok-176 Sequence Critical Path Identification and Float Activities Early Late Total Activity Duration Start Finish Finish FLOAT No.

3. .2.2 pmbok-157 Sequence Dependency Determination Activities Mandatory 45 Dependency (Hard Logic) Discretionary 46 Dependency (Soft Logic) External Dependency Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. module 4 Project Time Management 6.

. ISO 9001:2008 2. ISO14001:2004 3. certified: 1. OHSAS 18001:2007 Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

module 4 Project Time Management A B C D E pmbok-160 6. Activity resource plan 2. Project documents 4. Activity attributes 3. Project management 6. Risk register 5. Expert judgment 1. Published estimating 2. or supplies required to perform each activity Input Tools & Techniques 52 Output 50 48 1. Resource calendars 4. Resources 47 people. Enterprise environmental factors 51 8. .4. Bottom-up estimating updates 5. Activity cost estimates software 7. Schedule management 1. Organizational process 49 assets Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. Alternative analysis requirements 2. Activity list 3. Estimate Activity Estimating the type and quantities of material. Resource breakdown data structure 3. equipment.

.module 4 Project Time Management Estimate Activity Resources Data Flow Diagram Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

resource skills. Enterprise Environmental Factors (EEF) that influence the Estimate Activities Recourses process 1.7. .8. 6. Historical information regarding types of resources used for similar work on previous projects. resource location.4. Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. and 3.1. Policies and procedures relating to rental and purchase of supplies and equipment. 2. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-163 6. resource availability. 2. 3.1. Organizational Process Assets (OPA) that influence the Estimate Activities Recourses process 1. Policies and procedures regarding staffing.4.

Any group or person with specialized knowledge in resource planning and estimating can provide such expertise. 2.1. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-164 6. .4.2. Expert Judgment that influence the Estimate Activities Recourses process 1. Expert judgment is often required to assess the resource-related inputs to this process. Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

Resource calendars techniques 6. Risk register 8. Activity attributes 554. Three-point estimating updates requirements 5. Project documents Parametric estimating 3. Analogous estimating estimates 2. Group decision-making 5.Organizational process 56 assets Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. Schedule management 1. 2. . Activity resource 4. . 58 Activity duration plan 2. Enterprise environmental factors 10. Activity list 783. Resource breakdown 57 structure 9. Project scope statement 6. Expert judgment 1.5 Estimate Activity Estimating the number of work periods that 53 Durations needed to complete individual schedule activities with estimated resources Input Tools & Techniques Output 77 1. module 4 Project Time Management A B C D E pmbok-165 6. Reserve analysis 7.

module 4 Project Time Management Estimate Activity Durations Data Flow Diagram Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-169 6.5. .10. and 4. 2. Historical duration information. Location of team members. 2. Duration estimating databases and other reference data. Organizational Process Assets (OPA) that influence the Estimate Activities Durations process 1.1. Enterprise Environmental Factors (EEF) that influence the Estimate Activities Durations process 1.9. Lessons learned. and 4. 3. 6.1.5. Published commercial information. Scheduling methodology. Productivity metrics. 3. Project calendars.

Expert Judgment that influence the Estimate Activities Durations process Historical information from prior similar projects.2. . recommended maximum activity durations Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. duration estimate information 2.1. 1.5. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-169 6.

5. .2 pmbok-169 Estimate Activity Duration 59 Analogous Estimating Duration Estimation Method 82 Parametric Estimating Three-Point Estimating Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. module 4 Project Time Management 6.2.

module 4 Project Time Management 6.4 pmbok-170 Estimate Activity Duration 83 Most Likely Three-Point Estimating Optimistic Pessimistic Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.2. .5.

Leads and lags 6. Project staff assignments compression 11. Project scope statement 6. Schedule updates 10. Project schedule 3. Scheduling tool 12. Activity duration estimates 5. Modeling techniques updates 60 8. Project 6. Activity list analysis 2. Resource optimization 5. Enterprise environmental factors 13. Activity resource requirements76 4. and schedule constraints to create the project schedule. Project schedule network diagrams 3. Schedule management plan 1. Risk register 7.6 Develop Schedule resource requirements. Organizational process assets Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. . Schedule baseline 2. 6. Input 62 Tools & Techniques Output 1. Activity attributes 2. Critical path method 89 3. Project calendars 5. Resource breakdown structure 8. Schedule network 63 1. Resource calendars techniques management plan 7. durations. Project documents 9. Schedule data 4. Critical chain method 4. module 4 Project Time Management A B C D E pmbok-172 61 Analyzing activity sequences.

.module 4 Project Time Management Develop Schedule Data Flow Diagram Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

13.1. Organizational Process Assets (OPA) that influence the Develop Schedule process 1. Standards. Communication channels.12.1. .6. 2. Enterprise Environmental Factors (EEF) that influence the Develop Schedule process 1. 6. and 3.6. Scheduling tool to be used in developing the schedule model. Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. scheduling methodology and project calendar(s). module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-176 6.

6. module 4 Project Time Management 6. . 65 Critical Chain Method adds duration buffers that are non-work schedule activities to maintain focus on the planned activity durations Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.2.2 pmbok-176 Develop Schedule 64 Critical Path Method determine the amount of scheduling flexibility (the amount of float) on various logical network paths in the project schedule network. and to determine the minimum total project duration.

Subcontracting part of the work Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. Work overtime 4.6. module 4 Project Time Management 6.7 pmbok-181 Develop Schedule 66 Fast – Tracking Compressing Project Schedule Crashing Schedule Compression Taking action to decrease project duration 1. Increase manpower 3. Increase productivity 2. .2. Reduce the scope of work (if possible) 5.

module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-182 67 Bar-Chart Schedule JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV Building Construction Electrical Equipment Mechanical Equipment Cold Test Hot Test Performance Test Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

module 4 Project Time Management 68 pmbok-182 Milestones Schedule JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV Building Construction Electrical Equipment Mechanical Equipment Cold Test Hot Test Performance Test Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

. module 4 Project Time Management Hierarchy of Scheduling Executive Management MILESTONE SCHEDULE level-1 CONTRACT MASTER SCHEDULE level-2 Senior Project Management Precedence Network Schedule Planning Engineer level-3 WORKING DETAIL TWO WEEK LOOKAHEAD SCHEDULE WEEK 1 WEEK 2 DESCRIPTION WEEK 3 WEEK 4 level-4 Activity-1 Activity-2 Activity-3 Crew Supervisors Activity-4 Activity-5 Activity-6 Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

80 81 Workgroup Session: How to Develop Project Schedule Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

Schedule compression updates 7. Organizational process techniques 4. module 4 Project Time Management A B C D E pmbok-185 6. Resource optimization 3.7. Work performance data software 2. Performance reviews 1. Project management plan 1. Organizational process assets updates Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. Project documents 6. Scheduling tool 6. Control Schedule The process of monitoring the status of the project progress and manage changes to the schedule baseline 70 Input Tools & Techniques Output 72 74 1. Schedule data 6. Schedule forecasts 4. Leads and lags 75 5. Change requests 5. . Project management assets 4. Project management information 3. Work performance 2. Project calendars 3. Modeling techniques plan updates 71 735. Project schedule 2.

module 4 Project Time Management Control Schedule Data Flow Diagram Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

6. Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. module 4 Project Time Management pmbok-188 6. Schedule control tools. Organizational Process Assets (OPA) that influence the Control Schedule process 1. Enterprise Environmental Factors (EEF) that influence the Control Schedule process 1.7. n/a 6. .1. Existing formal and informal schedule control-related policies. procedures.7. 2. and guidelines. and 3. Monitoring and reporting methods to be used.

module 4 Project Time Management 69 Control Schedule JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV Planned Building Construction Actual : 73% Planned Planned Electrical Equipment Actual : 40% Mechanical Planned Planned Equipment Actual : 63% Planned Cold Test Hot Test Performance Test Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

module 4 Project Time Management Control Schedule Using Project Management Software Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE 25 MOVING OFFICE MOVING OFFICE LEVEL 1 SUBCONTRACTING FURNITURE DISCONNECTING & MOVING ITEMS PACK / UNPACK DISMANTLING RECONNECTING LEVEL 2 REASSEMBLE ELECTRICAL & PLUMBING INVITATION FURNITURE DISCONNECT RUTE PLAN PACKING DISMANTLING LEVEL 3 BID TRANSPORTATION DESK.C ITEM LIST BOX RACKS RECONNECT UNPACKING AWARD COMPUTER FAC.I. MISC. PREPARE TOOLS FURNITURE P. . CHAIRS PREPARE TOOLS LABELING LEVEL 4 EVALUATION CUPBOARDS P.C REASSEMBLE Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.I.

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. 18 Pm150c top u Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved.

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19 Contoh schedule baseline Copyright – © 2015 PII BKTI All rights reserved. .

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