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Principles and Strategies in Teaching Health

Case: A client with Garlene Pablico Regua(single client) and I will be teaching her all about hand washing specifically how important hand washing is, the proper technique of
hand washing and motivate her to do regular hand washing.

I. GOAL

Garlene shall have access to hand washing or sanitizing more often. Probably more often than she does now or regularly, particularly before and after certain activities.

II. NATURE OF THE LEARNER

Garlene Pablico Regua is a Grade 7 student a resident of Brgy. Malingeb, Bantay, Ilocos Sur. A 12 years old girl often suffering diarrhea and that makes her absent in her
classes. So to support her needs I will be lecturing her all about hand washing because its the first line of defense to prevent us from getting sick and health of the student is
directly related to personal hygiene and cleanliness. Students who are present at school on a regular basis benefit from increased instructions of learning.

III. OBJECTIVES

COGNITIVE

By the end of the class, Garlene will be able to define hand washing and she will be to have a good habit in hand washing regularly before and after certain activities.
Level : Comprehension

PSYCHOMOTOR
By the end of the class, Garlene will be able to demonstrate effective hand scrubbing techniques using soap and water.
Level : Manipulation

AFFECTIVE

By the end of the class, Garlene will able to recognize the importance of hand washing and will be able to wash her hands frequently as presented.
Level : Reception

IV. INSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS

Teaching-Learning
Activities Teaching Methods,
Objectives Content Time Strategies, Instructional Evaluation
Teacher Learner Techniques Media
Hand washing is a general term
COGNITIVE referring to any action of hand I will give Garlene Lecture on why hand PowerPoint Written Quiz
cleansing. It is like a do-it- 10 lecture or (the washing is important presentation
Garlene will be able yourself vaccineit is by far mins presentation learner) Direct
to define hand the best way to reduce the about the will listen One on one discussion Handouts observation
washing and she spread of infectious diseases. importance and will be and Simulation Games with the use of
will be to have a Regular hand washing, of hand able to give a checklist of
good habit in hand particularly before and after a rating scale
washing. examples of
washing regularly certain activities, is one of the or rubrics.
before and after best ways to prevent the spread the proper
certain activities. of the germs (e.g. bacteria and time frame
viruses) that cause diseases. when to
Regular hand washing is highly wash hands.
recommended.
Six-step hand washing technique is
recommended by the WHO begin Garlene will
PSYCHOMOTOR I will be Demonstrate the Video
by wetting hands with water and 60 be able to proper technique to Presentation Correct return
grab a soap. Begin rubbing your demonstrati
Garlene will be mins demonstrate hand washing demonstration
palms together with your fingers ng the
able to demonstrate in return the Handouts about the
closed, then together with fingers proper
effective hand proper Presenting video clips proper
interlaced. Move your right palm technique in
scrubbing over left dorsum with interlaced technique in showing/demonstrating technique of
techniques using fingers and vice versa-make sure to hand hand washing Hand
hand washing
soap and water. really rub in between your fingers. washing Washing
and she may
Then interlock your fingers and rub and so with
the back of them by turning your be able to
video clip
wrist in a half circle motion. Clasp familiarize
your left thumb in your right palm presentation
the steps
and rub in a rotational motion from .
develop good
the tip of your fingers to the end of
the thumb, then switch hands. And hand washing
finally scrub the inside of your right habits.
hand with your left fingers closed
and the other hand.
Washing hands properly is one
AFFECTIVE of the most important things you 10
can do to help prevent and mins
Garlene will able to control the spread of many Garlene will be
recognize the illnesses. Good hand hygiene I will be able to give Lecture PowerPoint Role Play
importance of hand will reduce the risk of things like giving importance of presentation
washing and will be flu, food poisoning and lecture on hand washing One on one discussion Demonstration
able to wash her healthcare associated infections the and will take and Simulation Games Handouts
hands frequently as being passed from person to importance responsibility Written Quiz
presented. person. Hand washing is the first
of hand for washing
. line of defense against the
washing. hands regularly.
spread of infectious diseases. So
regular hand washing is a must.
Its a message worth repeating
because hand washing is by far
the best way to prevent germs
from spreading and keep us from
getting sick.

V. OUTLINE OF THE TOPIC

Title of the Topic: HAND WASHING

I. DEFINITION OF HAND WASHING

II. PROPER STEPS IN HAND WASHING

III. IMPORTANCE OF HAND WASHING

VI. NOTES

DEFINITION
Hand washing is a general term referring to any action of hand cleansing. It is like a do-it-yourself vaccineit is by far the best way to reduce the spread of infectious
diseases. Regular hand washing, particularly before and after certain activities, is one of the best ways to prevent the spread of the germs (e.g. bacteria and viruses) that
cause diseases. Regular hand washing is highly recommended.
A number of infectious diseases can be spread from one person to another by contaminated hands. These diseases include gastrointestinal infections, such as Salmonella,
and respiratory infections such as influenza.

PROPER STEP IN HAND WASHING


Six-step hand washing technique is recommended by the WHO begin by wetting hands with water and grab a soap. Begin rubbing your palms together with your fingers
closed, then together with fingers interlaced. Move your right palm over left dorsum with interlaced fingers and vice versa-make sure to really rub in between your fingers.
Then interlock your fingers and rub the back of them by turning your wrist in a half circle motion. Clasp your left thumb in your right palm and rub in a rotational motion
from the tip of your fingers to the end of the thumb, then switch hands. And finally scrub the inside of your right hand with your left fingers closed and the other hand.
Washing your hands properly takes about as long as singing Happy Birthday twice.

IMPORTANCE OF HAND WASHING


Washing hands properly is one of the most important things you can do to help prevent and control the spread of many illnesses. Good hand hygiene will reduce the risk of
things like flu, food poisoning and healthcare associated infections being passed from person to person. Hand washing is the first line of defense against the spread of
infectious diseases. So regular hand washing is a must. Its a message worth repeating because hand washing is by far the best way to prevent germs from spreading and
keep us from getting sick.
Washing hands properly is one of the most important things you can do to help prevent and control the spread of many illnesses. Good hand hygiene will reduce the risk of
things like flu, food poisoning and healthcare associated infections being passed from person to person. Hand washing is the first line of defense against the spread of
infectious diseases. So regular hand washing is a must. Its a message worth repeating because hand washing is by far the best way to prevent germs from spreading and
keep us from getting sick.

VII. INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA


COGNITIVE

Powerpoint Presentation
Handouts

PSYCHOMOTOR

Video Presentation

AFFECTIVE

Handouts
Powerpoint Presentation

VIII. EVALUATION

COGNITIVE

Written Quiz
Direct observation with the use of a checklist of a rating scale or rubrics.

PSYCHOMOTOR

Correct return demonstration about the proper technique of hand washing

AFFECTIVE

Role play
Demonstration
Written Quiz
JUSTIFICATIONS:

1. Methods, Strategies and Techniques

I will be targeting my teaching on the affective domain, using one on one discussion and simulation gaming as my teaching method. In cognitive, I will lecture on why
hand washing is important such that it stop the spread of germs, prevent illness, hygiene and when she should be washing her hands. While in psychomotor, I will demonstrate the
proper technique to hand washing and then request return demonstration from the student. And in affective, we will have a one on one discussion on hand washing and simulation
games prior to knowledge of the student, when she currently wash her hands, and when she should be washing and why.

2. Instructional Media

The instructional media that will be used in cognitive domain are PowerPoint presentation and handouts so with the affective domain. While in psychomotor will be
video clip presentation and handouts.

3. Evaluation Methods

In cognitive, it will be evaluated through correctly answering a written quiz on the lecture about importance of prevention of germs, prevention of illness, hand hygiene,
and by direct observation with the use of a checklist of a rating scale or rubrics. Correct return demonstration about the proper technique to hand washing will be the evaluation
method in psychomotor. Affective will be evaluated by the willingness of the student to actively participate and her willingness to pay attention to the task at hand like performing
role play, demonstration of the proper technique in hand washing and so with the written quiz.