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*General aptitude*- General aptitude for Gate exam by G. K.


*Engineering Mathematics*

*Linear Algebra:* Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigen values and
eigen vectors.

Refer: 1 or2 or 3(any book out of three)

*Calculus:* Functions of single variable, limit, continuity anddifferentiability,

mean value theorems, evaluation of definite and improperintegrals

Refer: Any XII std book (prefer R.D.Sharma)

Partial derivatives, total derivative, maxima and minima, gradient,divergence and

curl, vector identities, directional derivatives, line,surface and volume
integrals. Theorems of Stokes, Gauss and Green.

Refer:1or2or3(any book out of three)

*Differential Calculus:* First order linear and nonlinear equations, higherorder

linear ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy and Euler equations,initial and
boundary value problems, Laplace transforms. Partialdifferential equations and
separation of variables methods.

Refer: Engineering mathematics by Sharma & Sarna or 2(any one of these two)

*Numerical methods*: Numerical solution of linear and nonlinear algebraicequations,

integration by trapezoidal and Simpson rule, single andmulti-step methods for
differential equations.

Refer: Numerical methods by B.S. Grewal or any Anna University book.

*Flight Mechanics*

*Atmosphere*: Properties, standard atmosphere. Classification of aircraft.Airplane

(fixed wing aircraft) configuration and various parts.

Airplane performance: Pressure altitude; equivalent, calibrated, indicatedair

speeds; Primary flight instruments: Altimeter, ASI, VSI, Turn-bankindicator. Drag
polar; take off and landing; steady climb &descent,-absolute and service ceiling;
cruise, cruise climb, endurance orloiter; load factor, turning flight, V-n diagram;
Winds: head, tail & crosswinds.

Refer: For theory-5 (chap-3,14,15),6 (chap -3,6,7)

For Problems 7 (chap -2,3,12,13)

*Static stability:* Angle of attack, sideslip; roll, pitch & yaw

controls;longitudinal stick fixed & free stability, horizontal tail position
andsize; directional stability, vertical tail position and size; dihedralstability.
Wing dihedral, sweep & position; hinge moments, stick forces.

Refer :5(Chap-16), 6(Chap -7),8(Chap-4)

*Dynamic stability: *Euler angles; Equations of motion; aerodynamic forcesand

moments, stability & control derivatives; decoupling of longitudinaland lat-
directional dynamics; longitudinal modes; lateral-directional modes.

9), 7(chap-14)

*Space Dynamics*

Central force motion, determination of trajectory and orbital period insimple

cases. Orbit transfer, in-plane and out-of-plane. Elements of rocketmotor

Refer: NCERT XI std Physics book- Gravitation chapter

6(chapr-8), 10(Orbital transfer part.), 7(chap-11.6),


*Basic Fluid Mechanics*: Incompressible irrotational flow, Helmholtz andKelvin

theorem, singularities and superposition, viscous flows, boundarylayer on a flat

Airfoils and wings: Classification of airfoils, aerodynamiccharacteristics, high

lift devices, Kutta Joukowski theorem; liftgeneration; thin airfoil theory; wing
theory; induced drag; qualitativetreatment of low aspect ratio wings.

Refer : 11(chap 2-5), 8(chap-1),6(chap-5)

*Viscous Flows*: Flow separation, introduction to turbulence, transition,structure

of a turbulent boundary layer.

Refer: 6(chap-4) ,12(chap-6) ,D.S.Kumar / K.L. Kumar

*Compressible Flows*: Dynamics and Thermodynamics of I-D flow, isentropicflow,

normal shock, oblique shock, Prandtl-Meyer flow, flow in nozzles anddiffusers,
inviscid flow in a c-d nozzle, flow in diffusers. subsonic andsupersonic airfoils,
compressibility effects on lift and drag, critical anddrag divergence Mach number,
wave drag.

Refer: 11(chap-7-12),8(chap-3)

*Wind Tunnel Testing*: Measurement and visualisation techniques.

Refer: 5(chap-13)


*Stress and Strain*: Equations of equilibrium, constitutive law,strain-displacement

relationship, compatibility equations, plane stress andstrain, Airy's stress

Refer: 13(chap-1,2)

Flight Vehicle Structures: Characteristics of aircraft structures andmaterials,

torsion, bending and flexural shear. Flexural shear flow inthin-walled sections.

Buckling. Failure theories. Loads on aircraft.

Refer: 13(chap-16,17,18), 14(chap-3,4,5,6,9,11), Loads on A/C- Azar &pirry(chap-

2),for theory of failure n problem practice-UC Jindal
*Structural Dynamics*: Free and forced vibration of discrete systems.Damping and
resonance. Dynamics of continuous systems.

Refer: V.P. Singh / Grover


Thermodynamics of Aircraft Gas Turbine engines, thrust and thrustaugmentation.

*Turbomachinery*: Axial compressors and turbines, centrifugal pumps andcompressors.

Refer: 15(chap-2,3,4,5,6,7),16(c


Aerothermodynamics of non rotating propulsion components: Intakes,combustor and

nozzle. Thermodynamics of ramjets and scramjets. Elements ofrocket propulsion.

Refer: 6(chap-9), 16

*Best strategy- Read all the topics from the listed references then solveprevious
year GATE paper yourself* .

*Dont believe in any notes and there is no particular book for GATE AEpaper.*

**References are listed below GATE syllabus


*1. Higher Engineering mathematics by H.K.Dass*

*2. Higher Engineering mathematics by B.S.Grewal*

*3. Higher Engineering mathematics by Bali-Saxena*

*4. Numerical methods by B.S. Grewal*

*5. Aerodynamics by L J Clancy*

*6. Introduction To Flight by Anderson*

*7. Aerodynamics for Engineering students by N B Carruthers*

*8. Aerodynamics for naval aviators by H H Hurt.*

*9. Flight dynamics principals by cook M.V*

*10.Aerodynamics by shevell*

*11. Fundamentals of Aerodynamics by- Anderson*

*12. Aerodynamics for Engineering students by P.W.Carpenter*

*13. Aircraft Structures by T.H.G Megson*

*14. Mechanics of Material by Timoshenko and Gere*

*15. Gas turbine theory by Cohen n Rogers*

*16. Rocket propulsion elements by Sutton*

*17. Gas turbine engine by V.Ganeshan*