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the west. Then a giant cloud of black dust suddenly appears in the blink of an eye and is moving dangerously fast. They can try to run but cannot escape the wrath of the dust cloud. In seconds one will be engulfed in its opaque, blinding maze, unable to escape. The Dust Bowl was a tragic event that affected the lives of millions of people and left many homeless. Even so, many hardened farmers stayed in the new desert of dust hoping to come out on top. The dust made even the simplest of tasks laborious and exhausting, even blinking and simply breathing was not done without some discomfort. Farmers could only watch helplessly as their whole livelihood blew away with the wind. The Midwest was a failing community with many dreams of the hopeful crushed. When the Midwest was a thriving community, people as far from New York came in hope of a better life. The vast majority of the residents came when the land first opened for homesteading. During the years there was sufficient rainfall, the land produced abundant crops. But as the droughts worsened, the farmers continued plowing and planting but nothing would grow. (Dust 1) The “black blizzards” started to appear as early as 1931. (Dust 1) The dust bowl was mostly the result of years of extreme farming without the use of techniques to prevent erosion. (wiki 1) Deep plowing of the topsoil on the great planes killed the natural grasses that kept the soil in place. (wiki 1) The sod was destroyed to make farms in order to grow wheat and get cash. (Southern Planes 18) The grasses trapped moisture even in periods of drought and prevented the blowing of dust by high winds. Since these natural anchors were gone, the soil eventually turned to dust
(24) California agriculture. (California 22) Those who stayed in the Great Plains learned to live with droughts. California held fourteen percent of the nation’s homeless population and it was not unusual to see “Okies” camped on ditch banks. (wiki 1) Most people did hang on through those hard times refusing to abandon their hope and give in to nature’s wrath. (Wiki 1) Of all the government programs. (25) It was hard for anyone to escape the never-ending cycle of despair. One of the biggest and most obvious direct results of the Dust Bowl was the mass movement of one third of a million “Okies” fleeing the cycle of drought for new opportunities in California. dominated by large irrigated. (Depression 9) The Dust Bowl’s occurrence had a huge impact on the American society and produced many effects that pushed human existence to a breaking point. (23) Those who fled to California found little opportunity. cold. and heat that visited like plagues. The situation of those in the heartland of the Dust Bowl was no worse and in some ways better than those of others. intensive farms had little to offer newcomers so they ended up as agricultural laborers in California’s factories and fields.during droughts and blew away with the wind. (Depression 11) The United States government made many attempts to help those in dire need and to restore the barren land to its former state. The Dust Bowl affected one-hundred million acres of land that all needed to be restored. (24) Many had to survive a year in this situation until they could be eligible for residence. (24) Many settled in “Little Oklahoma’s” on the outskirts of cities and the cost of maintaining the destitute Okies during slack seasons fell upon the countrie’s taxpayers and older Californians. and for federal aid. the drought cattle purchase program was the most successful in terms of . state relief.
(16) The dust made many simple tasks extremely difficult and it even claimed the lives of many innocent people. (About 1) Newspapers reported that the deaths of many babies and the elderly were strongly attributed to breathing in so much dirt. so much dust sifts into the cupboards we must wash them again . (Diary 16) In Ann Marie’s personal diary she stated. (21) Children wore dust masks to school and women had to hang wet sheets over windows attempting to stop the dirt. “After we wash dishes and put them away. It also authorized creation of the Works Progress Administration. and other conservation methods resulted in a 65% reduction in the amount of soil blowing. (47) However. planting trees. (About 45) By 1938 the extensive work replowing the land. she claims that cows only bring in one cent a pound.5 million people. which would employ 8. (Depression 14) In a personal diary of a women affected by the Dust Bowl. (Depression 15) If the government had not attempted to change the basis of the region’s economy from wheat back to grass. (Diary 3) The cattle purchase program helped farmers because they were able to sell their cattle for a better price to the government. (Diary13) Another attempt to restore the Midwest was the Emergency Relief Approbation Act. people would not have had to abandon their farms and move on. The cattle purchased then were made into food for the starving citizens. (Southern Plains 21) Four small hospitals in Kansas found that 52% of their April admissions were acute respiratory cases and 33% died. They had trouble feeding themselves let alone their cattle.providing immediate relief and placing recipients on the road to recovery. the overall view of the government actives was woeful due to procrastination and deception. With the dust also came an epidemic of respiratory infections called “dust pneumonia” that broke out across the plains. which provided 525 million dollars for drought relief.
The story of the Dust Bowl was the story of people who had the courage and fortitude to endure the stress and strain of the “Dirty Thirties. (Southern Plains 27) There were many signs to the Dust Bowls coming but they were overshadowed by farmers rejoicing in their own profits.” and emerge scarred but victorious. Still many wanted to escape the barren land but were restricted by the lack of meaningful places to migrate to. (Southern Planes 32) The Dust Bowl itself lasted from 1931 to 1936 and in some areas until 1940. In Ann Marie’s personal diary she even says that they have slowly been having quite a bit more blowing dirt every year since the drought started. The hardy men. Clothes in the closets are covered in dust. One man’s ceiling collapsed from the dust that had collected in the attic. with as many as 179 in April 1933. women.” (20) People had to laterally shovel dirt from their front yards. the Dust Bowl could have been prevented. Many realized that times were tough all over with no one escaping the downward economic spiral. Weather stations reported a few small dust storms throughout 1932. Not even the Great Depression was more devastating economically. In November of 1933 a large dust storm carried all the way to Georgia and New York. Many new farming techniques are now standard in the farming industry to prevent another catastrophe like the Dust Bowl from occurring. (Diary 18) The effects of the Dust Bowl will always be remembered throughout history. (Wiki 1) If farmers would have seen the slow increase in droughts and caught on to the very small dust storms occurring in the beginning. and children who lived through the dust bowl had a rich culture to assist them in their struggle to build a better tomorrow. With government .before the next meal.
The dust finally settled back to the earth and ceased blowing. the once barren land finally returned to grassland.aid. .