NASA Daily News Summary For Release: April 15, 1999 Media Advisory m99-075 ***** Summary -- Media Opportunity

: Neurolab Team Discusses Results, Potential Health Benefits -- Live Event: Landsat 7 Launch Coverage on NASA TV -- Video File for April 15 ***** There are no news releases scheduled for April 15, 1999. If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will e-mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html ***** MEDIA OPPORTUNITY: NEUROLAB TEAM DISCUSSES RESULTS, POTENTIAL HEALTH BENEFITS Scientists and astronauts are gathering in Washington this week to discuss space research that may lead to better treatments for patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease, motion sickness, balance disorders, insomnia and other ailments. More than 20 researchers are presenting the latest findings from last year's Neurolab space shuttle mission at a symposium through tomorrow at the National Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC. Members of the Neurolab crew also will share their unique perspective on the mission and provide their view of the science results. Media representatives are invited to attend the symposium. To schedule an interview with Neurolab researchers, reporters should contact Renee Juhans at 202/358-1712. Contact at NASA Headquarters: Renee Juhans, 202/358-1712; Contact at Johnson Space Cetner: Eileen Hawley/Ann Hutchison, 281/483-5111. Full text of the release: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/note2edt/1999/n99-019.txt

***** Live Event: Landsat 7 Launch Coverage on NASA TV Live NASA Television coverage of the Landsat 7 launch will begin at 12:30 p.m. EDT April 15, with launch scheduled for 2:32 p.m. EDT. Landsat 7 will gather information about the Earth's land surfaces and surrounding coastal regions. Analysis of the Landsat 7 data will provide scientists with new information on deforestation, receding glaciers and crop monitoring. The data also will be available commercially for landuse planning and urban development issues. NASA Television is broadcast on the GE2 satellite located on transponder 9C, at 85 degrees West longitude, frequency 3880.0 Mhz, audio 6.8 MHz. Contact at Headquarters: David Steitz, 202/358-1730; Contact at Goddard Space Flight Center: Lynn Chandler, 301/614-5562. ***** Video File for April 15, 1999 ITEM 1 HUBBLE SHOOTS THE MOON ITEM 2 LANDSAT MISSION: PICTURES OF EARTH (REPLAY) ITEM 2A LANDSAT ANIMATIONS ITEM 2B COLLECTING THE DATA ITEM 2C MAKING THE IMAGES - THE LAYERS OF SAN FRANSISCO ITEM 2D ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM ITEM 2E LANDSAT 7 IS READIED AT VALLEY FORGE, PA ITEM 2F SCIENTISTS AT EROS ITEM 2G STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND ITEM 2H THE LANDSAT SERIES - HISTORICAL FOOTAGE ITEM 2I INTERVIEW - PHIL SABELHAUS, PROJECT MANAGER ITEM 2J INTERVIEW - DARREL WILLIAMS, PROJECT SCIENTIST ITEM 2K INTERVIEW - SAM GOWARD, SCIENCE TEAM LEADER ITEM 2L URBAN GROWTH ITEM 2M DEFORESTATION ITEM 2N ATLANTA HEAT ISLAND ITEM 2O FLOOD COMPARISON ON THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER ITEM 2P AFTEREFFECTS OF A VOLCANIC ERUPTION ITEM 2Q FIRE DAMAGE OF A CONIFER FOREST ITEM 2R IMPACT CRATERS ITEM 2S MEXICO CITY ITEM 2T GRAND CANYON ITEM 2U CHESAPEAKE BAY ITEM 2V INTERNATIONAL VIEWS

Total Run Time: 29:38 minutes ***** Item 1 HUBBLE SHOOTS THE MOON Instead of peering at the distant universe, the Hubble Space Telescope has taken a look closer to home -- at the Moon. Hubble captured one of the Moon's most dramatic and photogenic targets, the 58-mile wide impact crater Copernicus. Images shown are (1) the moon with the crater outlined in green and (2) a close view of the Copernicus crater. Contact at Headquarters: Don Savage, 202/358-1727; Contact at the Space Telescope Science Institute: Ray Villard, 410/338-4514. ***** Item 2 LANDSAT MISSION (REPLAY) Item 2A LANDSAT ANIMATIONS Landsat 7 is the latest in a series of Earth observing satellites that have provided observations of the Earth's land surface and coastal regions for more than 26 years. Landsat 7 marks a new direction in the program to reduce the costs of data and increase global coverage for use in global change research. ITEM 2B COLLECTING THE DATA The instrument on Landsat 7 is the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+). ETM+ is a passive sensor that measures reflected or emitted light from the Earth's surface. The images produced by Landsat provide information on subjects such as crop planning, timber issues, population changes and water quality, while meeting the needs of the business, science, education, government and national security communities. ITEM 2C MAKING THE IMAGES - THE LAYERS OF SAN FRANSISCO By combining different spectral bands from the ETM+ camera, researchers can produce images highlighting different features of the land. - "Wide Spectral Range" - highlights cleared land in red, forests in dark green. - "False Color Infrared" - vegetation is red, artificial structures are gray.

- "Natural Color" - shallow water and sedimentation patterns. - "Forest Bands" - highlights differences in forest composition. - "NDVI" - sensitive to chlorophyll, phytoplankton. ITEM 2D ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM This is an illustration of the different colors of light within the electromagnetic spectrum. Landsat 7 not only has detectors positioned to look at light wavelengths that we can see with our eyes, but also it looks into areas we cannot see in the near- and short-wave infrared. The natural color wavelength regions can be redisplayed similar to a photograph, while those regions that we cannot see are assigned colors to make them visible. ITEM 2E LANDSAT 7 IS READIED AT VALLEY FORGE, PA Landsat 7 is readied and inspected in the clean room at Valley Forge, PA in preparation for launch. ITEM 2F SCIENTISTS AT EROS Landsat 7 will collect and archive an unprecedented quantity of high-quality multispectral data each day. The primary receiving station for LANDSAT 7 data will be at the U. S. Geological Survey's (USGS) EROS Data Center in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Scientists are seen working with the data. ITEM 2G STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Students at the University of Maryland work with Landsat data. ITEM 2H THE LANDSAT SERIES - HISTORICAL FOOTAGE NASA launched the first satellite in the Landsat series on July 23, 1972. Landsat 5 was launched in March 1984 and is still returning images. ITEM 2I INTERVIEW - PHIL SABELHAUS, LANDSAT 7 Project Manager, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center ITEM 2J INTERVIEW - DARREL WILLIAMS, LANDSAT Project Scientist, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center ITEM 2K INTERVIEW - SAM GOWARD, LANDSAT Science Team Leader, University of Maryland ITEM 2L URBAN GROWTH

- Images of the Washington D.C. metropolitan area show the dramatic growth from 1973 through 1996. The three stages shown are taken from these dates: 1973-1985 (red), 1985-1990 (orange), and 1990-1996 (yellow). - Urban expansion and development are highly visible in the scene of the Pearl River Delta in the Gunagdong Province of China just north of Hong Kong. Note the reclamation of land from the sea. The Landsat imagery was taken in 1988, 1992, and 1997. - Shanghai, China shows tremendous growth between 1986 and 1998. ITEM 2M DEFORESTATION - Clear cutting (shown in red) can be seen in the Pacific Northwest near the Olympic National Forest. The imagery was taken between 1984 and 1996. - The clearing of the rain forest can be seen near Santa Cruz,Bolivia. The animation covers the years 1973, 1986, and 1996. ITEM 2N ATLANTA HEAT ISLAND Researchers use Landsat to understand how land use patterns can affect thermal surface temperatures. This image of Atlanta show the correlation between human-built structures and temperature. First image shows land use patterns. Second image shows thermal signature of the Atlanta area. Researchers say temperatures in the city may be 10 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than the surrounding environment. ITEM 2O FLOOD COMPARISON ON THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER Views of devastating floods on the Mississippi river. Data from floods are used by the insurance industry and city planners. Data acquired from September 1992 and September 1993. ITEM 2P AFTEREFFECTS OF A VOLCANIC ERUPTION Data from 1996 show the blown-out side of the crater wall after the eruption of Mount St. Helens. During the flyaround, note the deforested areas on the north face and the soil erosion into the Toutle River. ITEM 2Q FIRE DAMAGE OF A CONIFER FOREST This animation shows the destruction of the conifer forest in the Waldo Lake Wilderness area of the Willamette National

Forest in Oregon. The lake in the middle of the animation is Waldo Lake. The fire occurred in the summer of 1996 destroying approximately 10,000 acres north of the lake and about 1,000 acres on the north face of Moolack Mountain. Note also the many rectangular patches of clear-cutting west of Waldo Lake. ITEM 2R IMPACT CRATERS The Araona Crater impact crater was discovered using Landsat data in 1988. It is one of the youngest crater features known and is believed to be about 20,000 years old. Located in a highly inaccessible region of the Amazon rain forest in northern Bolivia, the first expedition ever to reach this remote site took place just last year. ITEM 2S MEXICO CITY When images from Landsat are combined with elevation data, they can yield additional information about a region. In this image of Mexico City, note the ring of mountains that tend to concentrate smog and other pollutants. The city is built upon sediment, which makes it vulnerable to earthquakes. ITEM 2T GRAND CANYON Landsat data is combined with elevation data to illustrate the beautiful and complex landforms of the Grand Canyon. ITEM 2U CHESAPEAKE BAY Fly from the Chesapeake Bay up the Susquehanna River all the way to Harrisburg, PA. ITEM 2V INTERNATIONAL VIEWS Animated flyovers of several international cities produced from cloud-free images by the LANDSAT 5 Thematic Mapper in the late 1980s. - Paris - Rome - Berlin - Beijing Contact at Headquarters: David Steitz, 202/358-1730; Contact at Goddard Space Flight Center: Lynn Chandler, 301/2865562. *****

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