NASA Daily News Summary For Release: April 21, 1999 Media Advisory m99-079 ***** Summary -- Video File

for April 21 -- Live Interview Opportunity: Urban Heat Island, April 22 -- Live Interview Opportunity: NASA Rides the Crest of Environmental Monitoring for 20th Century, April 22 -- Live Interview Opportunity: NASA Uses Laser to Examine U.S. Constitution, April 23 ***** There are no news releases scheduled for April 21, 1999. If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will e-mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html ***** NASA VIDEO FILE FOR April 21, 1999 ITEM ITEM ITEM ITEM ITEM 1 EARTH DAY: PULSE OF THE PLANET 2 EARTH DAY: "HOME" 3 PRESERVING THE CONSTITUTION 4 LABORATORY DIRECTOR OF THE YEAR 5 HUBBLE CAPTURES IMAGES OF JUPITER'S MOON IO (REPLAY)

ITEM 1 EARTH DAY: PULSE OF THE PLANET 1A Planet Earth IMAX footage, STS 41-C 1B Manned Maneuvering Unit, IMAX footage, STS 41-C 1C Ring of Fire, first stage of separation, Apollo 4 1D Earthrise, Apollo 8 1E Earthrise, first color view from the moon , Apollo 8 1F Planet Earth, 1990 Galileo flyby 1G Spinning Earth, time lapse photography through periscope 1H First live TV view of Earth, Apollo 8 1I Moon over the Pacific, STS-80

1J Lightning Storms over the Earth 1K Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies 1998, NOAA-7 1L 1998 Cloud Cover for 30 day period, GOES data 1M Solar Eclipse, Feb. 26, 1998, GOES-10 1N Himalayas, Earth Views, STS-87 1O Galapagos Islands, Earth Views, STS-80 1P Northern Africa, Earth Views, STS-87 1Q Global El Nino, 1997-1998 1R Retreat of Antarctic Ice Sheet, Year 2000 Animation 1S Antarctic Ozone Hole 1998, TOMS Animation 1T Miracle Swath: Four storms, Sept. 2, 1998, TRMM data 1U Aurora Borealis, View from Alaska 1V Aurora Borealis, Data Visualization, Polar UVI Instrument 1W 1998 Mexican Fires as seen from MIR Space Station 1X 1998 Mexican Fires, Data Visualization, SeaWIFS 1Y Beach Erosion, Airborne Topographic Mapper 1Z Hurricane Workbench Models 1998 1AA 3-D Huricane Model, CAMEX 1BB Hurricane Linda, Data Visualization, GOES data 1CC Cyclone Susan, 3-D Visualization, TRMM 1DD Typhoon Winnie over the Pacific, STS-85 flyover 1EE Mapping Earth, TRMM Spacecraft animation 1FF Hurricane Bonnie, GOES data 1GG Digital Earth Model Browser 1998 1HH Rocket View: Stardust Launch, Feb. 6, 1999 1II City Flyovers: Pittsburgh, LANDSAT 1JJ City Flyovers: New York, LANDSAT 1KK City Flyovers: Miami/Ft. Lauderdale, LANDSAT 1LL City Flyovers: Boston, LANDSAT 1MM City Flyovers: Portland, LANDSAT Contact at NASA Headquarters: David Steitz, 202/358-1730. ITEM 2 EARTH DAY: "HOME" NASA's newest Earth Science video features four decades of images of Earth set to music, revealing how NASA's Earth Science research has helped us see our home planet in new ways. Contact at NASA Headquarters: David Steitz, 202/358-1730. ITEM 3 PRESERVING THE CONSITUTION A team of NASA scientists working at the request of the National Archives has proved that the containers preserving

several pages of the U.S. Constitution are still safely sealed. Scientists from NASA's Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, adapted a laser system from an atmospheric research program to peer into the encasements protecting three of the five pages of the Constitution. In the early 1950s, the Constitution was sealed in specially prepared containers, which were filled with humidified helium to protect the documents. By analyzing how the water vapor in the containers absorbed the laser beam, the scientists determined that the atmosphere had not changed. Contact at NASA Headquarters: David Steitz, 202/358-1730; Contact at NASA Langley: Bob Allen, 757/864-6176. ITEM 4 LABORATORY DIRECTOR OF THE YEAR Donald J. Campbell, Center Director of NASA's Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, has been named the 1998 Laboratory Director of the year by the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer. The award honors laboratory directors who have made exemplary contributions to the overall enhancement of technology transfer for economic development. Campbell received the award today at the organization's 25th anniversary in Salt Lake City, UT. Contact at NASA Glenn: Lori J. Rachul, 216/433-8806. ITEM 5 HUBBLE CAPTURES IMAGES OF JUPITER'S MOON IO (REPLAY) The Hubble Space Telescope has captured images of a volcano and "snow" on Jupiter's Moon Io. Close-ups of Io show an eruption from the volcano Pillan, which had previously been dormant. Measurements at two ultraviolet wavelengths indicate that the volcano is ejecting sulfur dioxide "snow," making the plume appear green in this false-color image. Pillan's outburst is at least 2,240 degrees Fahrenheit, and the volcano ejects matter at 1,800 miles per hour. Contact at NASA Headquarters: Douglas Isbell, 202/358-1547; Contact at Space Telescope Science Institute: Ray Villard, 410/338-4514. ***** Live Interview Opportunity: Urban Heat Island, April 22 Topic: Planting trees on Earth Day really does make a

difference. The removal of trees and urban growth can actually influence big city weather. A three-year analysis of the Atlanta, GA area shows large urban areas can create their own "heat islands", with higher temperatures than surrounding areas, leading to increased thunderstorm activity during summer months and more smog. Dr. Quattrochi and Dr. Luvall will discuss the phenomenon, what can be done about it and whether it's occurring in other major metropolitan areas. Talent: Dr. Dale Quattrochi and Dr. Jeffrey Luvall Global Hydrology & Climate Center At NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center Time: April 22, 7 a.m. - 9 a.m. EDT To schedule an interview, call contact: Connie James, Marshall Space Flight Center, 256/544-2188 or pager 256/5441183 (PIN 0224). ***** Live Interview Opportunity: NASA Rides the Crest of Environmental Monitoring for the New Millennium, April 22 Topics: To celebrate Earth Day 1999, three Earth scientists will be available to discuss some of the environmental issues facing our global community as we near the end of the 20th century. Subjects include Landsat 7, which will keep watch over wilderness areas and basic ecosystems affected by an ever-expanding global population; the Quick Scatterometer mission, set for launch May 29, which will map the speed and direction of Earth's ice-free oceans every day and shed new light on global weather abnormalities like El Ninos; and NASA's TOPEX/Poseidon satellite, which has been measuring sea-surface heights and charting the topography of Earth's oceans to improve long-term weather forecasting and help prevent the loss of life by ferocious, fast-moving typhoons, tropical storms and tsunamis. Time: April 22, 5 p.m. - 9 p.m. EDT To schedule an interview, contact: Jack Dawson or Diane Ainsworth, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 818/354-5011. *****

Live Interview Opportunity: NASA Uses Laser to Examine U.S. Constitution, April 23 Topic: A team of NASA scientists working at the request of the National Archives has proved that the containers preserving several pages of the U.S. Constitution are still safely sealed and protected. The NASA team adapted a laser system used for atmospheric research to peer into the protective cases containing three of the five pages of the Constitution. Talent: Dr. Joel S. Levine, senior research scientist at NASA's Atmospheric Sciences Division Time: April 23, 6 to 11 a.m. EDT To schedule an interview, contact Ivelisse Gilman, Langley Research Center, 757/864-5036. Satellite information: Telstar 6, transponder 9 KU, 11900 Mhz. Producer's line: (757) 864-3965 ****************************************************** The NASA Video File airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Pam Poe, 202/358-0373. During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html For general information about NASA TV see: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/ ***** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition

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