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3.1.

3 General Summary of Pedestrian Volume, Speed, and Forward Spatial Bubble


See Appendix X pedestrian volume, speed, and forward spatial bubble
station points trials

Graph #: Comparative Volume Frequency Graph Analysis


VOLUME COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
50
AVERAGE PMM

40
41
30
20 25
21
10
12
0
HAHN-ADEN ADEN-FOUNTAIN G. STEPS-SILANG FOUNTAIN
LOCATION

The graph above showcases a comparative analysis of the average volume


or pedestrian per meter width per minute of students from four different locations.
Pedestrian per meter width, per minute (PMM) was measured by counting the
number of pedestrians (students) crossing on the established one (1) meter
distance in one (1) minute. The location from Aden to Fountain got the highest
average number of students at 41 PMM. Second highest is the location from Hahn
to Aden which got 25 PMM. Then from Fountain which got 21 PMM. Lastly, the
location from Giant Steps to Silang which got the lowest average number of
students at 12 PMM. In conclusion, Giant Steps to Silang location got fewer
students that walk along the area during peak hours (12nn 1pm) compared with
students walking along Aden to Fountain. The locations from Hahn to Aden and
from Fountain could be considered to have an average number of students
passing by, being not the highest nor the lowest among the four locations.

Graph #: Comparative Speed Frequency Graph Analysis


COMPARATIVE SPEED FREQUENCY GRAPH ANALYSIS
100
AVERAGE SPEED/MIN. (METRES)

90
80
70 76.3 74.18
69.46 67.2
60
50
40
HAHN-ADEN ADEN-FOUNTAIN G. STEPS-SILANG FOUNTAIN
LOCATION

The graph above showcases a comparative analysis of the pedestrians


(students and faculty) average speed per minute from four different locations.
The distance was measured from a starting point of zero (0) meter up to the
distance a person (student) will travel in one (1) minute. The distances from
Adenauer to Fountain, and from Fountain got the highest average speed of 76.3
meters per minute, and 74.18 meters per minute, respectively. While the distances
from Giant steps to Diego Silang Lobby, and Hahn to Aden got the lowest
average speed of 67.2 meters per minute and 69.46 meters per minute,
respectively. In conclusion, students walking from Aden to Fountain and from
Fountain are faster and encountered no problem while walking compared with
students from Hahn to Aden and from Giant Steps to Silang.

Graph #: Comparative Forward Spatial Bubble Frequency Graph Analysis


COMPARATIVE FORWARD SPATIAL BUBBLE FREQUENCCY GRAPH
ANALYSIS
4.3
AVERAGE SPEED/MIN.

3.3
2.3
(SQ.M)

1.3
1.0 - 1.4 0.3 - 0.9 0.3 - 0.9 1.0 - 1.4
0.3
0TTO HANN DIEGO SILANG ADENAUER FOUNTAIN
LOCATION

The graph above showcases a comparative analysis of the pedestrians


(students and faculty) forward spatial bubble from four different locations.
Forward spatial bubble is the distance of a person (student) from another person
(student) in front of him/her while walking. The locations at Otto Hann and
Fountain got the highest rate distance of 1.0 meters up to 1.4 meters per person
(student) to person (student). While the locations at Diego Silang and Adenauer
got the lowest rate distance of 0.3 meters up to 0.9 meters per person (student)
to person (student). In conclusion, Diego Silang and Adenauer areas are more
crowded than Otto Hann and Fountain areas during peak hours (12 nn-1pm).

3.1.4 Interview
In the interview, all agreed that they experienced pedestrian traffic. They have
not noticed any changes in pedestrian conditions during their stay in Saint Louis
University. According to their experiences, the most common problem that was
caused by pedestrians were their slow walking pace and groups of people
loitering along the roads. We conclude according to the interview that SLU is
indeed overpopulated even if k-12 is currently implemented and in the future,
SLUs condition will worsen as they accommodate more students from the k-12
program.
All of them stated that traveling around the campus is hazardous because of the
pedestrian and vehicular circulation layout in SLU is not separated even if there is
a speed limit. One interviewee even had an experience of getting bumped by a
taxi on the way to his class. Aside from human and vehicular obstructions some
specified other factors affecting their pedestrian experience. This include
weather, ongoing constructions, unclear way finding, and various things
impeding the pathways such as posts, trash bins, etc.
All said that they have classes from different buildings. The SEA interviewees utilizes
Otto Hann, Silang, Mount Mary, and HD. The SON interviewee travels from Silang
to Adenauer. STELA interviewee uses Perfecto building and DH or PE building and
the SNS interviewee uses Rizal and Silang buildings. The gates they pass through
as they enter and exit the university was mostly Main gate, followed by gate 5,
gate 6 and gate 4.
We conclude from the interview that creating a skywalk in SLU will greatly aid in
reducing the problems concerning pedestrian traffic though some stated
negative effects in its implementation such as during construction phase and, in
the long run, the skywalks being congested with students as well. Most of them
agreed to have the skywalk same as SLUs Bauhaus style but some disagreed
because according to them SLUs architectural style is old and seem to be unsafe.
They agreed in adapting green architecture in the creation of the skywalks
accepting minor changes to the style it opted to have. See Appendix X for
Interview data

3.1.5 Questionnaire Survey


The data collected from survey questionnaire were summarized and
organized basing from the three main objective of the study. The researchers also
considered the acceptability of skywalks and application of green principles. See
Appendix X for Questionnaire survey data

Objective 1: To determine the underlying factors that affect pedestrian circulation


in a university.

Graph #: Percentage of Respondents Delayed in Travel Due To Pedestrian


Traffic

Have you ever experienced


being delayed in your travel
due to pedestrian traffic inside
SLU main?

NO
25%

YES
75%

YES NO

Graph #: Top 5 Reasons How Pedestrians Become Source of Delay in Travel


How did a person/ group of people delayed you from your travel inside the campus?

RANKING REASONS MEAN RANKS


R1 Difficulty in passing through crowd 2.29
Some people are unaware that they are blocking
R2 2.46
the way
Students waiting for their next class are loitering
R3 3.07
along the hallways.
R4 The person ahead of me walks slowly (reviewing) 3.20
The person ahead of me walked slowly (carrying a
R5 3.68
lot of heavy loads )

75% of the total respondents experienced delay in their travel time due to the
pedestrian traffic inside the SLU main campus. The most significant reason of their
delay is the difficulty in walking through crowded area and the least reason is that the
person ahead of them is walking slowly because he/she is carrying heavy loads. Base
from the observation of the researchers, overcrowding are mostly caused by limited
space of an area and lounging students along the hallway. In conclusion, there is a
need for a lounging area where students can stay instead at the hallways.
Graph #: Years Respondents have been in SLU Main Campus

How long have you been studying or


working in SLU main campus already?

4%
13% 2%

39%

42%

2 YEARS 3 YEARS 4 YEARS


5 YEARS >5 YEARS

Based from the survey conducted, majority of the respondents are in their third and fourth year in SLU main campus
due to the K-12 implementation. The researchers correlates the truth validity of the respondents answer in the
questions Have you ever experienced being delayed in your travel due to pedestrian traffic inside SLU main? & Do
you believe that SLU main campus has ever been overpopulated?

to the number of years they have been staying in SLU main already. The researchers as primary observers and as
students themselves who have been in SLU for atleast 4 & years agreed that they have indeed experienced
overpopulation and delay in travel due to pedestrian traffic in SLU. The researchers implied that the No percentage
came from the younger student levels today. The lower year levels today may have not experienced the same
overpopulation that existed before due to SLUs adaption of K-12 program.
Graph #: Percentage of Respondents Graph #: Percentage of Respondents
Believing in the Existence of that Considers if Overpopulation is a
Overpopulation in SLU Main Factor that Causes Pedestrian Traffic
in SLU Main Campus

Do you believe that SLU main


Do you believe that
campus has ever been
overpopulation is a factor
overpopulated?
that causes pedestrian traffic
in SLU main?
NO
24% NO
21%

YES
YES
76%
79%

YES NO YES NO

76% of the respondents agreed that SLU main campus is overpopulated, and 79% of them
believe that over population is indeed one of the factor why theres a pedestrian traffic
inside the campus. SLU made a calendar shift a few years ago in order to adapt to the
k-12 program. The program had resulted to the significant decrease of faculties and
students. Currently, there are no regular first to 2nd years undergraduate students which is
one of the reason for the decrease of the SLUs population today.
Graph #: Top 5 Effects of Having the Same Road Access of Vehicles and
Pedestrians
In SLU main, how does having the same access of road with vehicles while walking affect
you as a student or employee?
RANKING REASONS MEAN RANKS
R1 It delays my travel time. 2.73
I take extra caution to prevent being caught in a
R2 2.93
road accident.
R3 It limits my comfort in walking. 2.96
It compromises my safety & convenience while
R4 3.15
walking.
It negatively affects my health because of air &
R5 3.26
noise pollution.
Vehicles and pedestrian have the same road access in SLU main campus. This greatly
affects the pedestrians travel time inside the campus resulting the delayed in their
designation. The air and noise pollution is their least concern in this circumstance. In
conclusion, a separation of vehicular and pedestrian access is needed.

Graph #: Percentage of Respondents disrupted in walking due to other forms


of obstruction besides a human or vehicle.

Have you ever been disrupted


in walking due to any form of
obstruction besides a human &
vehicle?

YES
30%

NO
70%

YES NO

30% of the respondents have been disrupted in their walking in the SLU main campus
mainly because of obstructions such as posts signage, road elements, and trash bins.
Some also considered parking as their obstruction in walking and some said that
students in general are the obstruction itself.
Objective 2: To identify the role of skywalks in a university setting.
Graph #: Top 6 Theoretical Roles of Skywalks in a University Setting
The theoretical roles of skywalk in a university setting. Please rank the importance of its use
for you as a student or employee in a university
RANKING REASONS MEAN RANKS
It protects me from external weather while
R1 3.08
travelling from one building to another.
R2 It decreases my travel time. 3.22
It keeps me safe from accidents by separating me
R3 3.23
from vehicular circulation.
It saves my energy. It shortens the distance I have
R4 3.47
to travel, and it serves as a shortcut.
It provides a safe & easy path for PWDs and
R5 3.74
people with respiratory & heart conditions.
It keeps me away from the pollution that exist on
R6 4.19
roads.

Based from the survey conducted, protection from external weathers while
travelling from building to building was ranked 1 as the respondents theoretical
role for skywalk. While, keeping away from pollution is the respondents least rank.
In conclusion, SLU main campus location mostly experienced extreme weathers
such as typhoon and hot & cold climate.

Objective 3: To design green skywalks, interconnecting Saint Louis University


school buildings, as an aid to university pedestrian traffic.
Graph #: Percentage of Schools Buildings with Most Classes

Which among the school


buildings in SLU main campus do
you have majority of your classes?
The graph above represents the
buildings where each of the respondents
7% 7% have the majority of their classes. 51% of
13% the respondents from Otto Hahn
Building, 22% from Perfecto Building, 13%
51% 22%
from Adenauer Building, 7% From Silang
Building and 7% from Rizal Building.

SILANG ADENAUER PERFECTO HAHN RIZAL


Graph #: Percentage of SLU Gate Graph #: Percentage of SLU
Used For Entry Gate Used For entry

What gate do you usually What gate do you usually EXIT


ENTER from in SLU main? to in SLU main?

3% 2%
11% 8%

21%
54%
32%
69%

GATE 1 GATE 4 GATE 5 GATE6 GATE 1 GATE 4 GATE 5 GATE6

According to the graph above, majority of the respondents enters and exit at SLU
Main Gate (Gate 1). In conclusion main gate area is the most crowded gate
among all gates in SLU Main Campus.

ACCEPTABILTY
Graph #: Percentage of Respondents Who are Pro or Anti the Proposal of
Skywalks in SLU

Do you believe that


constructing Skywalks between 89% of the respondents agreed to the
school buildings would improve
construction of Skywalk in SLU Main
pedestrian circulation inside the
university? Campus, while 11% of respondents
disagreed. The most distinct reasons of
NO the respondents who disagreed are:
11% increase in tuition fee; more stairs to go
up to; and crowding is anticipated.

YES
89%

YES NO
Graph #: Percentage of Respondents who are pro or Anti Green Architecture
to Be Implemented to the Skywalks

Do you think it is okay to design skywalks in SLU main


that is not in accordance to SLUs architectural style
in order to support green architecture?

NO
20%

YES
80%

YES NO

80% of the respondents agreed to have a different architectural style for Skywalks
in SLU Main Campus, while 20% of the respondents disagreed.