NASA Daily News Summary For Release: May 19, 1999 Media Advisory m99-100 Summary: -- News Release

: Kathie L. Olsen Selected As NASA Chief Scientist -- Video File for May 19, 1999 ***** KATHIE L. OLSEN SELECTED AS NASA CHIEF SCIENTIST NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin has selected biologist Dr. Kathie L. Olsen of the National Science Foundation to be the space agency's chief scientist, effective May 24. Olsen will be the Administrator's senior scientific advisor and principal liaison to the national and international scientific communities. Olsen most recently has been a senior staff associate in the National Science Foundation's Office of Integrative Activities. She held numerous other sciencerelated positions within the Foundation since 1984. Contact at NASA Headquarters: Elizabeth Schmid, 202/358-1760. Full text of the release: If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will e-mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: ***** Video File for May 19, 1999 ITEM 1 TWO NASA SPACECRAFT OBSERVE LARGE WEATHER SYSTEM ON MARS(TRT 01:30 approx.) ITEM 2 NASA NAMES ASTROBIOLOGY DIRECTOR (REPLAY) ITEM 3 COMPUTER PROGRAM COMMANDS DEEP SPACE 1 (REPLAY) (TRT 09:40) ITEM 4 FROM SCIENCE FACT TO SCIENCE FICTION (REPLAY) (TRT 09:35) *****

ITEM 1 TWO NASA SPACECRAFT OBSERVE LARGE WEATHER SYSTEM ON MARS Item 1A Hubble Sees Cyclone on Mars On April 27, 1999 the Hubble Space Telescope took a series of images of Mars and discovered an enormous cyclonic storm system raging in the northern polar regions. The storm consists of at least three or more bands organized into a spiral structure and wrapped around an eye. Item 1B Clouds Near North Pole on Mars This animation shows observations from April 30 to May 4, 1999 of a portion of the northern hemisphere of Mars taken by the Mars Orbiter Camera aboard the Mars Global Surveyor. Temperature differences create strong winds that mix the atmosphere and create waves of clouds that swirl around the polar cap. Contact at NASA Headquarters: Donald Savage, 202/358-1727; Contact at Jet Propulsion Lab: Mary Hardin, 818/354-0344. ***** ITEM 2 NASA NAMES ASTROBIOLOGY DIRECTOR (REPLAY) NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin and Ames Center Director Dr. Henry McDonald introduced Baruch Blumberg, the new director of NASA's Astrobiology Institute, today. NASA's Astrobiology Institute is a virtual research institution comprised of eleven member institutions from across the country. Astrobiology is an emerging interdisciplinary field that deals with exciting questions about life in the universe: its origin, evolution, distribution, and destiny. More information about Astrobiology is on the web at: Contact at NASA Headquarters: Donald Savage, 202/358-1727; Contact at NASA Ames: David Morse, 650/604-4724. ***** ITEM 3 DEEP SPACE 1 REMOTE AGENT SOFTWARE TEST (REPLAY) NASA is testing artificial intelligence software, called Remote Agent, to command its Deep Space 1 spacecraft. Item 3A Remote Agent Software Animation shows the command sequence as the Remote Agent software directs Deep Space 1 to fire its thrusters. Drawing dissolves to spacecraft as it flies by and fires its thrusters. Item 3B Interview excerpts Dr. Pandu Nayak, Deputy Lead of the Remote Agent Experiment, NASA Ames Research Center

Item 3C Interview excerpts Dr. Douglas Bernhard, Remote Agent Project Manager, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Item 3D Deep Space 1 Mission Animation Animation shows the Deep Space 1 spacecraft leaving Earth, navigating deep in space and later flying by an asteroid and two comets. Item 3E Deep Space 1 in the clean room B-roll shows the Deep Space 1 spacecraft being assembled in the clean room and sealed into the rocket. Contact at NASA Headquarters: Doug Isbell, 202/358-1753; Contact at NASA Ames: John Bluck, 650/604-5026; Contact at Jet Propulsion Laboratory: John Watson, 818/ 354-0474. ***** ITEM 4 FROM SCIENCE FACT TO SCIENCE FICTION (REPLAY) Item 4A Advanced Spacecraft NASA scientists and engineers are developing cutting edge technologies for future space transportation. Footage includes advanced spacecraft and antimatter storage device animation, magnetic levitation and VentureStar animation. Item 4B Hardware B-roll B-roll shows scientists looking at fusion propulsion experiment hardware. Item 4C Interview excerpts Garry Lyles, Advanced Space Transportation Program Manager, Marshall Space Flight Center Item 4D Interview excerpts Dr. George Schmidt, Propulsion Research Center Manager Contact at NASA Marshall: June Malone, 256/544-7061. ***** The NASA Video File airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz.

Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Pam Poe, 202/358-0373. During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: For general information about NASA TV see: ***** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition Information Service Web site: ***** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: ***** end of daily news summary