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NASA Daily News Summary For Release: May 25, 1999 Media Advisory m99-104 Summary: -- News Release

: Hubble Completes Eight-Year Effort to Measure Expanding Universe -- Video File for May 25, 1999 -- Upcoming STS-96 Live Events -- Upcoming Live Interview Opportunity: STS-96, May 26 -- Upcoming Live Interview Opportunity: Hurricane CAT Scan, May 28 ***** HUBBLE COMPLETES EIGHT-YEAR EFFORT TO MEASURE EXPANDING UNIVERSE The Hubble Space Telescope Key Project Team today announced that it has completed efforts to measure precise distances to farflung galaxies, an essential ingredient needed to determine the age, size and fate of the universe. "Before Hubble, astronomers could not decide if the universe was 10 billion or 20 billion years old," according to the team leader. "After all these years, we are finally entering an era of precision cosmology. Now we can more reliably address the broader picture of the universe's origin, evolution and destiny." The team's precise measurements are the key to learning about the universe's rate of expansion, called Hubble's constant. Contact at NASA Headquarters: Donald Savage, 202/358-1547; Contact at NASA Goddard: Nancy Neal, 301/286-0039; Contact at Space Telescope Science Institute: Ray Villard, 410/338-4514. Full text of the release: ***** Video File for May 25, 1999 Note to Producers and Assignment Editors: Due to the STS-96 briefing schedule, the 3 p.m. Video File will run for one hour. ITEM 1 AGE OF THE UNIVERSE (TRT 04:11) ITEM 2 STS-96 CREW TRAINING (TRT 05:00) (REPLAY) ITEM 3 STS-96 MISSION ANIMATIONS (TRT 03:30) (REPLAY)

ITEM 4 STS-96 CREW INTERVIEWS (TRT 41:17) (REPLAY) Note: A TV schedule combining mission events and other NASA television items is now available at ***** ITEM 1 AGE OF THE UNIVERSE Having completed eight years of painstaking measurements, the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project Team today announced its findings regarding how fast the universe is expanding. The rate of expansion, a value called the Hubble Constant, is essential to determining the age and size of the universe. ITEM 1A NASA HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE COLOR IMAGE OF GALAXY 4603 Galaxy 4603 is the most distant of galaxies in which a pulsating Cepheid variable star has been found. Observations of distant Cepheids help astronomers to measure precisely the universe's expansion rate, a value used to determine the age and size of the universe. Credit: Jeffrey Newman (UC Berkeley)/NASA ITEM 1B GALAXY 4603 WITH CEPHEIDS IDENTIFIED Hubble Space Telescope's view of a spiral galaxy used for distance measurements. Camera pulls out to show a view of a single, Cepheid variable star embedded within the galaxy. The single pixel, shown with a pulsating effect, is one of the stars used as a distance indicator. Credit: Jeffrey Newman (UC Berkeley)/NASA ITEM 1C ANIMATION OF CEPHEID STARS IN GALAXIES SHOWING DISTANCES This diagrammatic sequence starts on a single spiral galaxy with pulsating Cepheid variable star, pulls out to local galaxies with pulsating stars, then shows more distant galaxies which are used as secondary distance indicators. The Hubble Space Telescope Key Project Team used pulsating Cepheids to obtain distance measurements of more than 65 million light years and from that determined the universe's expansion rate. Credit: Greg Bacon, Space Telescope Science Institute ITEM 1D MOVIE OF GROUND-BASED SUPERNOVA EXPLOSION DATA A time lapse series of images captures the supernova explosion of a star in a distant galaxy. This class of supernovae are used to estimate distances to far away galaxies because their apparent brightness can be tied to other supernovae in the same class.

Visualization by Peter Challis, Harvard University ITEM 1E ANIMATION OF BIG BANG The expanding universe is shown according to the Big Bang theory. Credit: Dana Berry, Tufts University, 3D animation/Bryan Preston, Space Telescope Science Institute, 2D effect ITEM 1F HUBBLE DEEP FIELD NORTH IMAGE The Hubble Deep Field North image shows galaxies in one of the deepest images ever taken. These are among the most distant galaxies ever observed. Cosmologists can infer their age from more precise measurements of galaxies that are closer to Earth. Credit: B. Williams, the HDF Team Space Telescope Science Institute and NASA Contact at NASA Headquarters: Don Savage, 202/358-1547; Contact at Space Telescope Science Institute: Ray Villard, 410/338-4514. ***** ITEM 2 STS-96 CREW TRAINING (REPLAY) Footage includes suit up, electrical power system training (virtual reality), orbiter space vision training, bailout training and the crew photo session. Contact at NASA Johnson: Eileen Hawley, 281/483-5111. ***** ITEM 3 STS-96 MISSION ANIMATIONS (REPLAY) STS-96, a 10-day flight, will take four men, three women and more than 5,000 pounds of supplies to the International Space Station. While docked with the station, the astronauts will conduct a spacewalk to attach a crane to the station for future assembly missions. Animation illustrates the mission. Contact at NASA Johnson: Eileen Hawley, 281/483-5111. ***** ITEM 4 STS-96 CREW INTERVIEWS (REPLAY) ITEM 4A Commander Kent Rominger ITEM 4B Pilot Rick Husband ITEM 4C Mission Specialist Tamara Jernigan ITEM 4D Mission Specialist Ellen Ochoa ITEM 4E Mission Specialist Daniel Barry ITEM 4F Mission Specialist Julie Payette, Canadian Space Agency ITEM 4G Mission Specialist Valery Tokarev, Russian Space Agency

Contact at NASA Johnson: Eileen Hawley, 281/483-5111. ***** UPCOMING STS-96 LIVE EVENTS: TUESDAY, MAY 25: 12:30 p.m. EDT, INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION STATUS BRIEFING 4 p.m. EDT, STS-96 PRELAUNCH NEWS CONFERENCE WEDNESDAY, MAY 26: 9 a.m. EDT, L-1 COUNTDOWN STATUS BRIEFING 10 a.m. EDT, STARSHINE BRIEFING THURSDAY, MAY 27: 1:30 a.m. EDT, LAUNCH COVERAGE BEGINS 6:48 a.m. EDT, LAUNCH 7:45 a.m. EDT, POST LAUNCH PRESS CONFERENCE ***** UPCOMING LIVE INTERVIEW OPPORTUNITY: STS-96, MAY 26 TOPIC: Space Shuttle Discovery will lift off Thursday, May 27, at 6:48 a.m. EDT, taking an international crew of seven astronauts to the new International Space Station, as the first visitors since its launch and assembly last year. As part of the mission, astronauts Tamara Jernigan and Daniel Barry will perform a spacewalk to attach a crane to the exterior of the station. TALENT: Astronauts Linda Godwin and Leroy Chiao. Godwin, from Jackson, MO, performed a spacewalk outside Russia's Mir space station in March 1996, on her third space flight. Chiao, of Danville, CA, performed two spacewalks in January 1996 to demonstrate tools and techniques for assembling the International Space Station. TIME: May 26, 1999 5:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. EDT (Godwin) 7:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. EDT (Chiao) To book an interview window, call Pam Poe, 407/867-7820, pager 1-800759-8888 pin #1711738, or Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555. NOTE: The interviews will air on Galaxy 3R (95 degrees West), Transponder 12 (full), downlink frequency 11930 MHz. ***** UPCOMING LIVE INTERVIEW OPPORTUNITY: HURRICANE CAT SCAN, MAY 28 TOPIC: Weather forecasters are predicting that the 1999 Hurricane

Season will be another busy one, with four intense hurricanes and a chance the U.S. will be hit by a major storm. Researchers at NASA will be using a high-tech weather satellite to learn what¹s happening inside this season¹s powerful storms. The world's first and only spaceborne rain radar on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM, pronounced ³Trim²) satellite allows scientists to create spectacular 3-D "CAT scans" of precipitation rates and the height of the rain column inside powerful hurricanes. TALENT: NASA Research Meteorologist Dr. Marshall Shepherd TIME: Friday, May 28, from 6:10 a.m. 10:15 a.m. EDT To book an interview, call Deanna Corridon, 301/286-0041, or Wade Sisler, 301/286-6256, 888-474-0914 pager. The interviews will be broadcast on KU-Band -- Telstar 5, transponder 11 at 97 degrees West longitude, vertical polarization, frequency - 11929 MHz, and audio of 6.8 MHz. ***** The NASA Video File airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Pam Poe, 202/358-0373. During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: For general information about NASA TV see: ***** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition Information Service Web site: ***** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: ***** end of daily news summary