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Simulation of SIW antennas

Suvadeep Choudhury

Dept. of Electronics and Electrical Communication Engg.

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur


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Paper to be discussed
Cheng Jin, Rui Li, Arokiaswami Alphones, and Xiaoyue Bao, Quarter-Mode Substrate
Integrated Waveguide and Its Application to Antennas Design, IEEE Transactions on
Antennas And Propagation, Vol. 61, No. 6, pp. 2921- 2928, June 2013.

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Abstract
A quarter-mode substrate integrated waveguide (QMSIW) which is the quadrant sector of a
square waveguide resonator is proposed and investigated in this paper. The QMSIW is realized
by bisecting the half-mode substrate integrated waveguide (HMSIW) into two parts along
the fictitious quasi-magnetic wall when it operates with TE101 and TE202 modes as the way
bisecting the substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) to HMSIW. The QMSIW can almost
preserve the field distribution of original SIW and leaky wave is achieved from the dielectric
aperture of the QMSIW. When the feeding port is placed at one corner of the QMSIW, a
linearly polarized radiation is obtained when the QMSIW resonates in TE101 QM mode, and
when the QMSIW resonates in TE202 QM mode, a circularly polarized (CP) wave is achieved.
An antenna is designed, fabricated, and measured based on the proposed QMSIW. The
measurement results match with the simulation results very well.

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Structural Evolution

square SIW resonator

HMSIW

Proposed QMSIW

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Dimensions
Parameter Value
L1 35 mm
L2 40 mm
D1 0.6 mm
V3 1.5 mm
B1=B2 16 mm
P1 3.4 mm
P2 9 mm
P3 0.8 mm
P4 1.1 mm
V1 2.45 mm
V2 5.45 mm
Proposed QMSIW L3 20 mm
B3 25 mm
B4 16.6 mm
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B5 15.8 mm
TEmnp mode - Rectangular SIW resonator
Resonant frequency:

Equivalent length and width:

The condition of V3 < 0.25 is required

Calculation of frequency:

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CST Studio Suite
Computer Simulation Technology 2016

Microwave EM Particle Cable PCB mPhysics Design


Studio Studio Studio Studio Studio Studio Studio

3D simulation of high
consistent
frequency signal
simulation of free
integrity
signal integrity Thermal 3D EM/circuit
static and low frequency EM Mechanical stress analysis
devices EMC/EMI analysis of cable harnesses
moving charged particles
EMC/EMI analysis of Printed
co-simulation
Circuit Boards
motors, sensors, actuators,
fast and accurate analysis
electronofguns, cathode ray
and synthesis
transformers, and shielding enclosures
antennas, filters, couplers,
tubes, magnetrons,
planar and wake
and multi-layer structures
fields 7
Full Mode SIW cavity (FMSIW)
Waveguide port

Metallic vias

Rectangular cavity

Inset
Microstrip feed

Final Structure
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Steps in CST Microwave Studio

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1. Opening a project in CST- MWS

2. Creating the dielectric material (Rogers RT Duroid 5880)

Create brick

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3 (a). Creating the bottom ground plane (method 1)
Make a brick with same X and Y dimensions as that of dielectric

The zmin will be 0 and zmax will be -0.035mm

Select PEC as material

3 (b). Creating the bottom ground plane (method 2)

Select lower face


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(press f -> double click the face)
4. Creating the feed

Microstrip
Create brick feed line

5. Creating the rectangular metallic layer

Create brick

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6. Creating an irregular shape using polygon
X Y
xf/2 -ydie/2
xf/2 -yie/2+p2+p4
xf/2+p3 -yie/2+p2+p4
xf/2+p3 -ydie/2+px
xf/2+p3+p5 -ydie/2+px
xf/2+p3+p5 -ydie/2
xf/2 -ydie/2

Give thickness
as 0.035 mm
Material should be
PEC

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Bring it to the top layer Double click to select the curve
7. Replicating an element

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8 (a). Boolean operation (Unite)

8 (b). Boolean operation (Subtract)

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9. Creating vias
(a) Shifting the co-ordinate system

Translate

Rotate

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(b) Creating one via

(c) Creating chain of vias

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d. Shifting the coordinate system again for another chain
Translate object

Create cylinder Repetition factor = 11


again (same as
Switch off LCS
before)

e. Mirror

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10. Adding excitation
Click f to select face

Zoom to the feed


(scroll with mouse) Select the face of the feed Double click to select it

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STRUCTURE HAS BEEN CREATED

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11. Assigning frequency of operation

12. Assigning boundary conditions

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13. Check the meshing properties

14. Solver

Insert field monitors

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See fields of FMSIW

Repeat the same for QMSIW

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Thank You

suvadeepchoudhury@gmail.com

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