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January07,2015

Chapter5WorkandEnergy

Grade: grade
Subject: subject
Date: Jan10,2012

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Section51WorkPg170Work

1.Atugboatpullsashipwithaconstantnethorizontal
forceof5000Nandcausestheshiptomovethrougha
harbor.Howmuchworkisdoneontheshipifitmovesa
distanceof3.00km?

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2.Aweightlifterliftsasetofweightsaverticaldistance
of2.00m.Ifaconstantnetforceof350Nisexertedon
theweights,whatisthenetworkdoneontheweights?

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3.Ashopperinasupermarketpushesacartwithaforce
of35Ndirectedatanangleof25downwardfromthe
horizontal.Findtheworkdonebytheshopperonthecart
astheshoppermovesalonga50.0mlengthofaisle.

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4.If2.0Jofworkisdoneinraisinga180gapple,
howfarisitlifted?

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Section52EnergyPg174Kineticenergy

1 1.Calculatethespeedofan8.0x104kgairliner
withakineticenergyof1.1x109J.

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2.Whatisthespeedofa0.145kgbaseballifitskinetic
energyis109J?

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2 3.Twobulletshavemassesof3gand6g,
respectively.Botharefiredwithaspeedof40m/s.

A Whichbullethasmorekineticenergy?

B Whatistheratiooftheirkineticenergies?

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4.Two3.0gbulletsarefiredwithspeedsof40.0m/sand
80.0m/s,respectively.
A Whataretheirkineticenergies?

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B Whichbullethasmorekineticenergy?

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C Whatistheratiooftheirkineticenergies?

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5.Acarhasakineticenergyof4.32x105Jwhen
travelingataspeedof23m/s.Whatisitsmass?

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Pg176WorkKineticEnergyTheorem

1.Astudentwearingfrictionlessinlineskatesona
horizontalsurfaceispushedbyafriendwithaconstant
forceof45N.Howfarmustthestudentbepushed,
startingfromrest,sothatherfinalkineticenergyis352J?

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2.A2000kgcaracceleratesfromrestundertheactionsof
twoforces.Oneisaforwardforceof1140Nprovidedby
tractionbetweenthewheelsandtheroad.Theotherisa
950Nresistiveforceduetovariousfrictionalforces.Use
theworkkineticenergytheoremtodeterminehowfarthe
carmusttravelforitsspeedtoreach2.0m/s.

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3.A2100kgcarstartsfromrestatthetopofadriveway
thatisslopedatanangleof20.0withthehorizontal.
Anaveragefrictionforceof4000Nimpedesthecars
motionsothatthecarsspeedatthebottomofthe
drivewayis3.8m/s.Whatisthelengthofthedriveway?

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4.A75kgbobsledispushedalongahorizontalsurface
bytwoathletes.Afterthebobsledispushedadistanceof
4.5mstartingfromrest,itsspeedis6.0m/s.Findthe
magnitudeofthenetforceonthebobsled.

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3 5.A10.0kgcrateispulleduparoughinclinewith
aninitialspeedof1.5m/s.Thepullingforceis
100.0Nparalleltotheincline,whichmakesan
angleof150withthehorizontal.Assumingthe
coefficientofkineticfrictionis0.40andthecrateis
pulledadistanceof7.5m,findthefollowing:

A theworkdonebytheEarthsgravityonthecrate

B theworkdonebytheforceoffrictiononthecrate

C theworkdonebythepulleronthecrate

D thechangeinkineticenergyofthecrate

E thespeedofthecrateafteritispulled7.5m

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Pg180Potentialenergy

4 1.Aspringwithaforceconstantof5.2N/mhasa
relaxedlengthof2.45m.Whenamassisattached
totheendofthespringandallowedtocometo
rest,theverticallengthofthespringis3.57m.
Calculatetheelasticpotentialenergystoredinthe
spring.

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5 2.Thestaplesinsideastaplerarekeptinplaceby
aspringwitharelaxedlengthof0.115m.Ifthe
springconstantis51.0N/m,howmuchelastic
potentialenergyisstoredinthespringwhenits
lengthis0.150m?

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3.A40kgchildisinaswingthatisattachedtoropes2m
long.Findthegravitationalpotentialenergyassociated
withthechildrelativetothechildslowestpositionunder
thefollowingconditions:

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Section53ConservationofEnergy

Pg185ConservationofMechanicalenergy

6 1.Abirdisflyingwithaspeedof18.0m/sover
waterwhenitaccidentallydropsa2.00kgfish.
Ifthealtitudeofthebirdis5.40mandfrictionis
disregarded,whatisthespeedofthefishwhenit
hitsthewater?

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7 2.A755Ndiverdropsfromaboard10.0mabove
thewaterssurface.

A Findthediversspeed5.00mabovethewaterssurface.

Thenfindthediversspeedjustbeforestrikingthe
B
water.

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8 3.Ifthediverinitem2leavestheboardwithan
initialupwardspeedof2.00m/s,findthedivers
speedwhenstrikingthewater.

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9 4.AnOlympicrunnerleapsoverahurdle.Ifthe
runnersinitialverticalspeedis2.2m/s,howmuch
willtherunnerscenterofmassberaisedduring
thejump?

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10 5.Apendulumbobisreleasedfromsomeinitial
heightsuchthatthespeedofthebobatthe
bottomoftheswingis1.9m/s.Whatistheinitial
heightofthebob?

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Section54PowerPg189Power

11 1.A1000kgelevatorcarriesamaximumloadof
800.0kg.Aconstantfrictionalforceof4000N
retardstheelevatorsmotionupward.
Whatminimumpower,inkilowatts,mustthemotor
delivertoliftthefullyloadedelevatorataconstant
speedof3.00m/s?

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12 2.Acarwithamassof1500kgstartsfromrestand
acceleratestoaspeedof18.0m/sin12.0s.
Assumethattheforceofresistanceremains
constantat400.0Nduringthistime.
Whatistheaveragepowerdevelopedbythecars
engine?

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13 3.Araincloudcontains2.66x107kgofwatervapor.
Howlongwouldittakefora2.00kWpumptoraise
thesameamountofwatertothecloudsaltitude,
2.00km?

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14 4.Howlongdoesittakea19kWsteamengineto
do6.8x107Jofwork?

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15 5.A1500kgcaracceleratesuniformlyfromrestto
10.0m/sin3.00s.

A Whatistheworkdoneonthecarinthistime
interval?

Whatisthepowerdeliveredbytheengineinthis
B
timeinterval?

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