You are on page 1of 34

B.Sc.

Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

NOTES OF EXERCISE 11.2


INVERSE LAPLACE TRANSFORMATION:-
Introduction:-
In the previous exercise we have discussed various properties of Laplace Transformation and
obtained the Laplace transform of some simple functions. However, if the Laplace transform
technique is to be useful in application, we have to consider the reverse problem, i.e., we
have to find the original function ( ) when we know its Laplace transform F(s).

Definition:-

If the Laplace transform of ( ) is F(s), that is,

* ( )+ ( )
Then
( ) , ( )-

EXERCISE 11.2
Compute the inverse Laplace transform of each of the following.

Question # 1:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ 2 3

* ( )+ { }

* ( )+ 2 3 { }

1
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation


* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

* ( )+

Question # 2:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ 2 3

* ( )+ { }
( )

( )
* ( )+ { }
( )

( )
* ( )+ { }
( ) ( )

( )
* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( )

( )
* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( )

* ( )+

Question # 3:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )

2
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ 2 3

* ( )+ { }
( )

( )
* ( )+ { }
( ) ( )

( )
* ( )+ { }
( ) ( )

( )
* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( )
* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

* ( )+

Question # 4:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ 2 3

* ( )+ { }
( )

( )
* ( )+ { }
( ) ( )

3
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

( )
* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )


* ( )+ { }
( ) ( )

* ( )+

Question # 5:- ( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )
( )

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ { }
( )

* ( )+ { }
( )

* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( )

* ( )+

Question # 6:-
( )( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )
( )( )

Applying on both sides, we have

4
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

* ( )+ { } ()
( )( )

Consider that

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( ) ( ) ( )

Put in ( ) we get

Therefore,

( )( ) ( ) ( )

{ }
( )( ) ( ) ( )

Applying on both sides, we have

{ } { [ ] [ ]}
( )( ) ( ) ( )

{ } { }
( )( )

Thus ( ) becomes

* ( )+ { }

Question # 7:- ( )( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )
( )( )

Applying on both sides, we have

5
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

* ( )+ { } ()
( )( )

Consider that

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( ) ( )( ) ( )

Put in ( ) we get

To find we will solve the ( ) So,

( ) ( )

Equating the co-efficient of we have

( ) ( )

( )

( )

Therefore

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

Applying on both sides, we have

{ } { [ ] [ ]}
( )( ) ( ) ( )

{ } { [ ] [ ]}
( )( ) ( ) ( )

6
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

{ } { }
( )( )

{ }
( )( )

Thus ( ) becomes

* ( )+

Question # 8:- ( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )
( )

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ { }
( )

* ( )+ { }
. /

. /
* ( )+ { }
. /

. /
* ( )+ { }
. /

. /
* ( )+ { }
. /

7
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

. /
* ( )+ { } { }
. / . /

* ( )+ { } { }
. / . /

* ( )+

Question # 9:- ( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )
( )

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ { }
( )

( )
* ( )+ { }
( )

( )
* ( )+ { }
( )

( )
* ( )+ { }
( )

( )
* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( )

* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( )

* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( )

8
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

* ( )+

* ( )+ ( )

Question # 10:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )

( )
( ) ( )

( )
( )( )

( )
( )( )( )

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ { } ()
( )( )( )

Consider that

( )( )( )

( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )

Put in equation ( ) we have

( ) ( )( )

( )( )

( )

9
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Put in equation ( ) we have

( ) ( )( )

( )( )

Put in equation ( ) we have

( ) ( ( ) )( )

( )( )

Therefore,

( )( )( )

( )( )( )

Applying on both sides, we have

{ }
( )( )( )

[ ] [ ] [ ]

{ }
( )( )( )

[ ] [ ] [ ]

10
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

{ }
( )( )( )

Thus ( ) becomes

* ( )+

Question # 11:-
( )( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )
( )( )

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ { } ()
( )( )

Consider that

( )( )

( )( ) ( ) (
) ( ) ( )

Put in equation ( ) we have

( )( )

Put in equation ( ) we have

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )

11
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

To find C & D, we have to solve equation ( ) Therefore,


( ) ( ) ( )

Equating the co-efficient of we have

And

( ) ( ) ( )

Therefore,

( )( )

( )( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

12
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

( )( ) ( ) ( )

Applying on both sides, we have

{ } [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
( )( ) ( ) ( )

{ } ( )
( )( )

{ }
( )( )

Question # 12:-
( )( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )
( )( )

Applying on both sides, we have

* ( )+ { } ()
( )( )

Consider that

( )( )

( )( ) ( )( )

( ) ( ) ( )

Equating co-efficient of we have

()

( )

( )

13
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

( )

from ( ) ( ) we have

Therefore,

( ) ( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

from ( ) we have

Put in ( ) we obtain

( )

So,

( )

Since

. /

14
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Therefore,

. / . / . /
( )( )

. / . /
( )( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

Applying on both sides, we have

{ }
( )( )
0 1 [ ] [ ]
( )
[ ]
( )

15
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

{ }
( )( )

[ ]
( ) ( )

[ ]
( ) ( )

{ }
( )( )

Question # 14:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( ) ()

As we know * ( )+ ( ) , * ( )+- this implies, we have

* ( )+ * ( )+

( ) [ * ( )+]

( ) [ * ( )+]

( ) [ 2 3]

( ) [ 2 3]

( ) [ 2 3]

( )( )
( ) 0 1

16
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

( )

( )

This is required.

Question # 15:- ( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( ) ()
( )

As we know * ( )+ ( ) , * ( )+- this implies, we have

* ( )+ * ( )+

( ) [ * ( )+]

( ) [ * ( )+]

( ) [ { }]
( )

( ) [ * ( ) ( ) +]

( ) [ * ( )+ * ( )+]

( ) [ ]

( ) [ 2 3 { }]

( ) , -

( )
17
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Question # 16:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( ) ()

As we know * ( )+ ( ) , * ( )+- this implies, we have

* ( )+ * ( )+

( ) [ * ( )+]

( ) [ * ( )+]

( ) [ { }]

( ) [ * ( ) +]

( ) [ ]

( ) 0 2 3 2 31

( ) , -

( )

Question # 17:-
( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( ) ()
( )

18
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Consider that

( )

( ) ( )

Put ( ) we have

( )

Put ( ) we have

( )

Therefore,

( )

( ) [ ]

Taking on both sides, we have

* ( )+ [ { } { }]

( ) [ ]

( )

As we know that

* ( ) ( )+ ( )

19
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

* ( )+ ( ) ( ) ( )

For we have

{ } ( ) ( )
( )

{ } ( )[ ( ) ( )]
( )

{ } ( )( ) ( ) ( )
( )

Question # 18:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )

( )
( )

( )
( )

( )
( ) ( )

Taking on both sides, we have

* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( )

( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )

As we know that

* ( ) ( )+ ( )

* ( )+ ( ) ( ) ( )

For we have
20
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

2 3 ( ) ( )

( ) ( )
2 3 ( )[ ( ) ( )]

( )
2 3 ( ) , ( ) ( )-

( )
2 3 ( ) , ( ) ( )-

( )
2 3 ( ) , -

( )
2 3 ( ) , -

Question # 19:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )

( )
( )

( )
( )( )

Consider that

( )( )

( )( ) ( ) ( ) ()

Put ( ) we have

( )( )

21
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Put ( ) we have

( )

Put ( ) we have

( )

Therefore,

( )( )

( )

Taking on both sides, we have

* ( )+ { } { } { }

( )
( ) ( )
( )

As we know that

* ( ) ( )+ ( )

* ( )+ ( ) ( ) ( )

For we have

{ } ( ) ( )
( )( )

( ) ( )
{ } ( )[ ]
( )( )

2 3 ( ), -

22
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Question # 20:-

Solution:-

Suppose that

( )

( )
( )

( )
( )

( )
( )
( )

( )
( )
( )

( )
( )
( )

( )
( )
( ) ( )

Taking on both sides, we have

( )
* ( )+ { } { }
( ) ( )

( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )

As we know that

* ( ) ( )+ ( )

* ( )+ ( ) ( ) ( )

For we have

{ } ( ) ( )

23
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

( ) ( )
{ } ( )[ ( ) ( )]

( )
{ } ( ) , ( ) ( )-

CONVOLUTION THEOREM:-

STATEMENT:-

Let ( ) ( ) denote the Laplace transforms of ( ) ( ) respectively. Then the


product ( ) ( ) is the Laplace transform of the convolution of ( ) ( ) and is
denoted by ( ) ( ) and has the integral representation as follow:

( )( ) ( ) ( )

Question # 21:- Use Convolution theorem to evaluate the inverse Laplace


transform of ( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( ) ( )

Taking of ( ) ( ) we have

* ( )+ { } * ( )+ { }

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

CONVOLUTION THEOREM:-

* ( ) ( )+ ( )( ) ( ) ( )

Substituting the required values, we have

24
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

{ } ( )

{ }
( )

{ } | | [| | ]
( )

{ } ( ) [ ]
( )

{ } [ ( )]
( )

{ } ( )
( )

{ } ( )
( )

{ } ( )
( )

Question # 22:- Use Convolution theorem to evaluate the inverse Laplace


transform of
( )( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( ) ( )

Taking of ( ) ( ) we have

* ( )+ { } * ( )+ 2 3

( ) ( )

25
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

( )
( ) ( )

CONVOLUTION THEOREM:-

* ( ) ( )+ ( )( ) ( ) ( )

Substituting the required values, we have

( )
{ }

{ }
( )( )

{ } ()
( )( )

Consider

( )

26
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

By applying the limits, we have

| | | |

( ) ( )

( )

Thus equation ( ) will become

{ } ( )
( )( )

{ } ( )
( )( )

Question # 23:- Use Convolution theorem to evaluate the inverse Laplace


transform of
( )( )

Solution:-

Suppose that

( ) ( )

Taking of ( ) ( ) we have

* ( )+ { } * ( )+ { }

* ( )+ { } * ( )+ { }
( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( ) ( )

27
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

CONVOLUTION THEOREM:-

* ( ) ( )+ ( )( ) ( ) ( )

Substituting the required values, we have

{ } ( )

{ } ( )
( )( )

{ }
( )( )

{ }
( )( )

{ } ( )
( )( )

{ } ( ) ()
( )( )

Consider

( )

( )

28
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Applying the limit on both sides, we have

| | | |

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( )

| |

( ) ( )

Now consider

29
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

| | ( )

( )

( ) [| | ]

( ) [ ( ) ]

( )

( )

( )

( )

Therefore,

( ) ( )

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

Using equations ( ) ( ) ( ) we have

30
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

{ }
( )( )
[ ( )]

[ ( ) ( ) ]

{ }
( )( )

[ ]

[ ]

{ }
( )( )

{ }
( )( )

* + * +

{ }
( )( )

( ) ( )

{ }
( )( )

{ }
( )( )

{ } ( ) ( )
( )( )

31
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Question # 24:- Show that 2 3

Solution:-

Let ( )

( )

( ) , -

Taking on both sides, we have

* ( )+ , * + * +-

* ( )+ [ ]
( ) ( )
*( ) + ( )*( ) +
* ( )+ [ ]
(( ) )(( ) )
( )( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )
* ( )+ [ ]
( ) ( ) *( ) ( ) +
( )( )( ) ( )
* ( )+ [ ]
( )( ) * ( )+
( ) ( )
* ( )+ [ ]
( ) ( )
( )
* ( )+ [ ]

* ( )+ [ ]

* ( )+

* +

{ }

This completes the proof.

32
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

Question # 25:- Show that 2 3

SOLUTION:

Let ( )

Since

( )

( ) , -

Taking on both sides, we have

* ( )+ , * + * +-

* ( )+ [ ]
( ) ( )

* ( )+ [ ]
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
* ( )+ [ ]
(( ) )(( ) )
( ) ( )
* ( )+ [ ]
( ) ( ) *( ) ( ) +

* ( )+ [ ]
( )( ) * ( )+

* ( )+
( ) ( )

* ( )+

* ( )+

* ( )+

* +

Multiplying both sides by we have

33
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678
B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 11: Laplace Transformation

* +

{ }

2 3

This completes the proof.

NOTES OF INVERSE LAPLACE TRANSFORMATION


BY
MUHAMMAD UMER ASGHAR (0307-4896454)
B.Sc. (DOUBLE MATH+ PHYSICS)
M.Sc. Mathematics: (In Progress)
&
MUHAMMAD ALI MALIK
(GOVT. DEGREE COLLEGE NAUSHERA)
PUBLISHERS: www,mathcity.org

34
Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678