NASA Daily News Summary For Release: July 1, 1999 Media Advisory m99-133 Summary: -- NASA Technology

Spurs New Environmental Business -- Video File for July 1: Globular Cluster -- Swarm of Ancient Stars ****** NASA TECHNOLOGY SPURS NEW ENVIRONMENTAL BUSINESS Don Sumner's long trip from Texarkana, TX, to NASA's Stennis Space Center in Mississippi was the beginning of a journey that led him to find new uses for a NASA-developed technology. His experience, background and daydreams took a giant leap during a demonstration of a NASA-developed portable video imager. The imager detects "plant stress," signals of how plants are reacting to poor environmental conditions, such as insufficient nutrients, inadequate watering, disease or insect infestation. Sumner knew that past attempts to detect plant stress had been too labor intensive to be cost effective. He believed that if a farmer or forester could efficiently and routinely analyze plant stress, savings in harvest time, fertilization costs and crop losses could substantially increase profits. Contact at NASA Headquarters: Michael Braukus, 202/358-1979; Contact at NASA Stennis: Lanee Cooksey, 228/688-3341. Full text of the release: If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will e-mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: ***** ITEM 1 HUBBLE HERITAGE PICTURE: GLOBULAR CLUSTER -- SWARM OF ANCIENT STARS ITEM 2 HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE: A CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH MARS (REPLAY) ITEM 3 MARS IMAGES TO HELP SCIENTISTS FIND LANDING SITE FOR 2001 LANDER (REPLAY)

ITEM 4 FASTRAC ENGINE (TRT 05:34) (REPLAY) ***** ITEM 1 HUBBLE HERITAGE PICTURE: GLOBULAR CLUSTER This stellar swarm is M80 (NGC 6093), one of the densest of the 147 known globular star clusters in the Milky Way galaxy. Located about 28,000 light-years from Earth, M80 contains hundreds of thousands of stars, all held together by their mutual gravitational attraction. Globular clusters are particularly useful for studying stellar evolution, since all of the stars in the cluster have the same age (about 15 billion years), but cover a range of stellar masses. Every star visible in this image is either more highly evolved than, or in a few rare cases more massive than, our own Sun. Especially obvious are the bright red giants, which are stars similar to the Sun in mass that are nearing the ends of their lives. For further information, see: Contact at NASA Headquarters: Doug Isbell, 202/358-1547; Contact at Space Telescope Science Institute: Ray Villard, 410/3384514. ***** ITEM 2 HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE: A CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH MARS (REPLAY) Taking advantage of Mars's closest approach to Earth in eight years, astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have taken the space-based observatory's sharpest views yet of the Red Planet. NASA is releasing these images to commemorate the second anniversary of the Mars Pathfinder landing. These images were taken between April 27 and May 6, when Mars was 54 million miles (87 million kilometers) from Earth. From this distance the telescope could see Martian features as small as 12 miles (19 kilometers) wide. The telescope obtained four images, which, together, show the entire planet. Each view depicts the planet as it completes one quarter of its daily rotation. For more information see: Contact at NASA Headquarters: Doug Isbell, 202/358-1547; Contact at Space Telescope Science Institute: Ray Villard, 410/3384514. ***** ITEM 3 MARS IMAGES TO HELP SCIENTISTS FIND LANDING SITE FOR

2001 LANDER (REPLAY) One of the original objectives of the Mars Global Surveyor's Mars Orbiter Camera when it was proposed to NASA in 1985 was to take pictures that would be used to assess future spacecraft landing sites. Images obtained since March provide the highest resolution views of the planet ever seen. Over the past several months, science personnel have been examining the new data to develop a general view of what Mars is like at the meter-scale. These investigations will help scientists pinpoint a landing site for the Mars Surveyor 2001 lander. For more information see: ex.html Contact at NASA Headquarters: Doug Isbell, 202/358-1547; Contact at Jet Propulsion Lab: Mary Hardin, 818/354-0344. ***** ITEM 4 FASTRAC ENGINE (TRT 05:34) (REPLAY) Item 4A Fastrac Engine Tests The Fastrac engine, a low-cost rocket engine that will power the X34 technology demonstrator, successfully completes a full duration engine test at NASA's Stennis Space Center, Miss. ITEM 4B Fastrac control room/b-roll Control room footage during the firing of the Fastrac engine at Stennis Space Center. ITEM 4C Fastrac engine b-roll Footage shows Fastrac engine assembly and load. Item 4D Interview: Danny Davis, NASA Project manager, Marshall Space Flight Center Contact at NASA Stennis: Lanee Cooksey, 228/688-1957; Contact at NASA Marshall: Dom Amatore, 256/544-6533. ****************************************************** The NASA Video File generally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time, but may be pre-empted by mission coverage or breaking news. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Pam Poe, 202/358-0373.

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