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Generation of HV Impulse Current

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MEK 10303

GROUP PRESENTATION

GROUP MEMBERS:

1. DAHIR KHEYRE DIBLAWE

2 . MOHAMED OSMAN MOHAMED

3. OMAR ABDI MOHAMED

4. MOHAMED AMIRUL BIN MOHAMED

1

INTRODUCTION

Lightening discharges involve both high voltage impulses and high current impulses

on transmission lines. Protective gear like surge diverters have to discharge the

lightning currents without damage. Therefore, generation of impulse current waveforms

of high magnitude (100 kA peak) find application in testing work as well

as in basic research on non-linear resistors, electric arc studies, and studies relating to

electric plasmas in high current discharges.

2

DEFINITION OF IMPULSE CURRENT WAVEFORMS

The impulse current wave is specified on the similar lines as an impulse voltage wave, a typical impulse

current wave is shown in figure (a). High current impulse generators usually consist of a large number of

capacitors connected in parallel to the common discharge path. The equivalent circuit of the generator is

shown in figure (b). and approximates to that of a capacitance C charged to a voltage Vo which can be

considered to discharge through an inductance l and a resistance r. In practice both l and r are the effective

inductance and resistance of the leads, capacitors and the test objects.

Figure(a):A typical impulse current wave Figure(b):Basic circuit of an impulse current generator

USAGE

High impulse currents are needed not only for tests on equipment such as lightning arresters and fuses but

also for many other technical applications such as lasers, thermonuclear fusion, and plasma devices.

MARX GENERATOR: This consists of multiple capacitors that are first charged in parallel through

charging resistors by a high-voltage, direct-current source and then connected in series and discharged

through a test object by a simultaneous spark-over of the spark gaps. The impulse current generator

comprises many capacitors that are also charged in parallel by a high-voltage, low-current, direct-current

source, but it is discharged in parallel through resistances, inductances, and a test object by a spark gap.

4

EXAMPLE 1

An impulse current generator has total capacitance of 15 F, the charging voltage 125KV, the circuit

inductance 2 MH and the dynamic resistance 1 OHM. determine the peak current and wave shape of

the wave.

SOLUTION

The maximum value of current is given as

Where

Thus

5

CONTINUE.

EXAMPLE 2

An impulse current generator has a total capacitance of 8 pF. The charging voltage is 25 kV.

If the generator has to give an output current of 1OkA with 8/20 us waveform, calculate (a)

the circuit inductance and (b) the dynamic resistance

in the circuit.

6

SOLUTION

And, the product to LC = 65. given C = 8 uf (L in uH, C in uF, and r in ohms)

therefore, the circuit inductance is

5/30/2017 7

REFERENCES

2. high voltage engineering book, second edition,C.L.wadhwa

5/30/2017 8

5/30/2017 9

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