NASA Daily News Summary For Release: July 15, 1999 Media Advisory m99-143 Summary: NASA Scientists

Use Satellites to Help Track a Disease and Keep it Under Control 'Art Aboard!' -- NASA Art Rides the Rails to Tour U.S. Reporters Invited to Apollo 11 30th Anniversary Events Video File for July 15 (will run approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes) ********** NASA SCIENTISTS USE SATELLITES TO HELP TRACK A DISEASE AND KEEP IT UNDER CONTROL Using weather satellites to spot the early signs of an El Nino, scientists may be able to help save East Africans and their livestock from Rift Valley Fever, a mosquito-borne disease that can be fatal to humans and animals. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz 202/358-1730. Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Lynn Chandler 301/286-5562. Full text of note to press release: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/1999/99-081.txt ----'ART ABOARD!'--NASA ART RIDES THE RAILS TO TOUR U.S. A touring exhibit of NASA Art will open at Washington DC's Union Station from July 21-25 on Artrain, the nation's only traveling art museum on a train. The three-year exhibit,

entitled "Artistry of Space," will travel to more than 120 communities in 48 states. A press preview of the exhibit will take place on Monday, July 19, from 10 a.m. to 11 a.m. The opening of the exhibit will take place on Tuesday, July 20, 1999, at 6:30 p.m. Reporters are invited to both events, which will be held on Track 10 of Union Station. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Bert Ulrich 202/358-1713. Full text of note to editors: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/note2edt/1999/n99-40.txt ----REPORTERS INVITED TO APOLLO 11 30th ANNIVERSARY EVENTS To commemorate the 30th anniversary of the first landing of humans on the moon, NASA participate in several events around the country; some will be open for press coverage. The most current schedule can be found on the Internet at: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/ap11ann/events.htm Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Sarah Keegan 202/358-1600. Full text of note to editors: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/note2edt/1999/n99-41.txt ----If NASA issues additional news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html ********** Video File for July 15, 1999 Item 1 - Shuttle Commander Eileen Collins

with Her Family TRT 4:50 2 - Apollo 11 Music Video TRT 3:40 3 - STS-93 Crew Interviews TRT 54:30 4 - Rift Valley Fever (approximate) TRT 13:00 5 - STS-93 Commander Eileen Collins at White House (replay) TRT 2:10 Item 6 - X-37: New Space Plane (animation) (replay) TRT 4:10 Item 7 - STS-93 Crew Training (replay) TRT 11:05 Item 8 - STS-93 Training and Mission Animation (replay) TRT 5:15 Item 9 - Chandra B-Roll and Animation (replay) TRT 7:45 Item 10 - Apollo 11 Retrospective interviews and B-Roll (replay) TRT 31:00 Item 11 - Apollo 11 30th Anniversary B-roll (replay) TRT 18:45 Item Item Item Item ----ITEM 1 - SHUTTLE COMMANDER EILEEN COLLINS WITH HER FAMILY Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: James Hartsfield 281/483-5111. ITEM 2 - APOLLO 11 MUSIC VIDEO TRT 3:40 Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo 202/358-4555. ITEM 3 - STS-93 CREW INTERVIEWS TRT 54:30 Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: James Hartsfield 281/483-5111. ITEM 4 - RIFT VALLEY FEVER TRT (APPROXIMATE) 13:00 Scientists' first successful prediction of El Nino in 1997 helped save millions of dollars when state authorities wisely prepared for the intense weather. Now scientists have discovered how to read the early signs of an El Nino to help save hundreds of human lives and thousands of livestock in East Africa from a mosquitoborne disease called Rift Valley fever. a - Deciphering the Link (1980-1988) Scientists have discovered that the combination of the warmer than

normal water temperatures associated with El Nino and rising sea surface temperatures in the western equatorial Indian Ocean can trigger outbreaks of Rift Valley Fever in East Africa. The two warm pools of water increase rainfall in wide areas of eastern Africa. This can lead to large-scale outbreaks of the mosquitoborne disease. Satellite images illustrate the close relationship between ocean, rainfall, and their impacts on land vegetation. b - Deciphering the Link (1992-1998) In the early 1980s scientists discovered an episodic cycle of Rift Valley Fever outbreaks dependent upon rainfall. Scientists found that some El Nino episodes over the past five decades resulted in large Rift Valley fever outbreaks. The deciding factor is whether the Indian Ocean warms up along with the Pacific. Scientists believe they can now predict episodes of Rift Valley Fever in East Africa six months in advance. c - Deciphering the Link (1992-1998) Closeup d - The Vegetation Factor By closely monitoring the vegetation in the region affected by the increased rainfall, scientists can identify the actual areas affected. Scientists use satellite images to show regions of Africa that are greener (and wetter) than normal or more brown (and drier) than normal. e - A Global El Nino The segment illustrates the global scale of the massive 1997-1998 El Nino and contains a superposition of sea surface temperature anomalies on anomalies of the sea surface elevation. f - The Evolution and Decline of El Nino The space-based perspective provided by satellite observations trace the evolution of El Nino from its beginning in early 1997 through its decline in early 1998. The onset of La Nina can be seen as the emergence cooler than normal waters along the equator. g - B-Roll: Scientists Study Satellite Data of El NinoO Scientists at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center discuss recent satellite data. h - Interview Excerpt Dr. Compton Tucker, Biologist, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center i - Interview Excerpt

Assaf Anyamba, Geographer, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Wade Sisler 301/286-6256. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz 202/358-1730. ITEM 5 - STS-93 COMMANDER EILEEN COLLINS AT WHITE HOUSE (replay) Astronaut Eileen Collins was named Commander of the STS-93 at a White House press conference on March 5, 1998. This footage includes highlights from that conference. Participants included the President and Mrs. Clinton and NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo 202/358-4555. ITEM 6 - X-37: NEW SPACE PLANE (ANIMATION) NASA and The Boeing Company have entered into an agreement to develop an experimental space plane, the X-37, to test new technologies for reusable launch vehicles. The X-37 will be carried into orbit by the space shuttle or launched by a rocket. It will remain in orbit up to 21 days, performing a variety of experiments before reentering the atmosphere and landing. The space plane will also technologies aimed at significantly cutting the cost of space flight. Contact at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL: Dom Amatore 256/544-0031. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Jim Cast 202/3581779. ITEM 7 - STS-93 CREW TRAINING Footage includes various aspects of training Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: James Hartsfield 281/483-5111.

ITEM 8 - STS-93 MISSION ANIMATION (REPLAY) Compilation of computer animation used during the STS-93 mission overview briefing. Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: Kyle Herring 281/483-5111. ITEM 9 - CHANDRA B-ROLL AND ANIMATION (REPLAY) a - Astronauts at Telescope Assembly TRT - 3:28 Astronauts from the STS-93 crew visit the Chandra Telescope assembly. b - Chandra Readied for shipping TRT - 1:42 Chandra is bagged, put in a shipping container and readied for shipping to NASA's Kennedy Space Center. c - Chandra IUS arrival TRT - 1:11 Footage shows the Chandra X-ray telescope mating with the IUS. d - Mirror Comparison TRT - :37 Animation shows the refraction properties of the Chandra X-ray telescope. X-rays that strike a mirror head-on are absorbed. Xrays that hit a mirror at grazing angles are reflected like a pebble skipping across a pond. Thus, X-ray telescope mirrors are shaped like barrels rather than dishes. e - Deep Space Network TRT - :14 Animation shows the communication path between the satellite and the AXAF Science Center in Cambridge, MA. This communication is via NASA's Deep Space Network. f - Light Path TRT - :25 X-ray photons entering the telescope are reflected at grazing angles and focussed onto an electronic detector to make an image of a cosmic source. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Donald Savage 202/358-1727. Contact at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville AL: Dave Drachlis 256/544-6538.

ITEM 10 - APOLLO 11 - 30TH ANNIVERSARY RETROSPECTIVE VIDEO (REPLAY) Includes interviews conducted at the National Air and Space Museum on May 26, 1989, with all three astronauts--Michael Collins, Neil Armstrong, and Ed "Buzz" Aldrin--as well as historical footage of Apollo 11. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo 202/358-4555. ITEM 11 - APOLLO 11 30TH ANNIVERSARY B-ROLL (REPLAY) a - The Apollo 11 Mission: Prior to Flight TRT - 5:47 Clips show various aspects of the Apollo 11 mission that sent Astronauts Michael Collins, Neil Armstrong, and Ed "Buzz" Aldrin to the Moon. The first set of clips includes the following: Crew photo Mission simulator LEM flight tests Suit-up Walkout b - The Apollo 11 Mission: Liftoff TRT - 5:44 Footage includes: Saturn V liftoff First and second stage separation Crew enroute to Moon Views of Earth from the Command module c - The Apollo 11 Mission: On the Moon Footage includes: Lunar views LEM separates from command module LEM descends to the Moon Earth views TRT - 1:27

d - The Apollo 11 Mission: From the Moon back to Earth TRT - 4:22 Footage includes: Armstrong steps on the Moon Walking on Moon Planting flag on Moon

Crew retrieval from ocean and quarantine Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo 202/358-4555. ----The NASA Video File generally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time, but may be pre-empted by mission coverage or breaking news. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Pam Poe, 202/358-0373. During Space Shuttle missions, you can access the full NASA TV schedule from: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html For general information about NASA TV see: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/ ********** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site: http://procurement.nasa.gov/EPS/award.html ********** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: Brian.Dunbar@hq.nasa.gov

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