NASA Daily News Summary For Release: July 22, 1999 Media Advisory m99-149 Summary: Near Earth

Objects Scale Helps Risk Communication Video File for July 22 NEW LAUNCH DATE/TIME: Friday, July 23, 1999 at 12:24 a.m. EDT NOTE: Launch managers postponed the launch of Space Shuttle Columbia today for 24 hours due to unacceptable local weather conditions. ********** NEAR EARTH OBJECTS SCALE HELPS RISK COMMUNICATION Planetary scientists have developed a new means of categorizing and explaining the risks associated with asteroids and comets that might collide with the Earth. A risk-assessment scale, similar to the Richter scale used for earthquakes, assigns values to celestial objects moving near Earth. The scale runs from zero to 10. An object with a value of zero or one will have virtually no chance of causing damage on Earth; a 10 means a certain global climatic catastrophe. The scale takes into account the object's size and speed, as well as the probability that it will collide with Earth. The scale can be used at different levels of complexity by scientists, science journalists and the public. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753. Contact at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA: Deborah Halber 617/258-9276. For full text of release see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/1999/99-83 ********** If NASA issues any additional news releases later today, we will e-mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list.

Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html ********** Video File for July 22, 1999 NEW LAUNCH DATE/TIME: Friday, July 23, 1999 at 12:24 a.m. EDT NOTE: Launch managers postponed the launch of Space Shuttle Columbia today for 24 hours due to unacceptable local weather conditions. Video File for July 22, 1999: Item 1 - Shuttle Commander Eileen Collins with Her Family (replay) TRT 6:26 Item 2 - STS-93 Commander Eileen Collins at White House (replay) TRT 2:13 Item 3 - STS-93 Training and Mission Animation (replay) TRT 13:18 Item 4 - Chandra B-Roll and Animation (replay) TRT 2:36 ************************************************** ITEM 1 - SHUTTLE COMMANDER EILEEN COLLINS WITH HER FAMILY (REPLAY) Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: James Hartsfield 281/483-5111. ITEM 2 - STS-93 COMMANDER EILEEN COLLINS AT WHITE HOUSE (REPLAY) Astronaut Eileen Collins was named Commander of the STS-93 at a White House press conference on March 5, 1998. This footage includes highlights from that conference. Participants included the President and Mrs. Clinton and NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo 202/358-4555. ITEM 3 - STS-93 MISSION ANIMATION (REPLAY) Compilation of computer animation used during the STS-93 mission overview briefing. Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: Kyle Herring

281/483-5111. ITEM 4 - CHANDRA B-ROLL AND ANIMATION (REPLAY) a - Astronauts at Telescope Assembly TRT - 3:28 Astronauts from the STS-93 crew visit the Chandra Telescope assembly. b - Chandra Readied for shipping TRT - 1:42 Chandra is bagged, put in a shipping container and readied for shipping to NASA's Kennedy Space Center. c - Chandra IUS arrival TRT - 1:11 Footage shows the Chandra X-ray telescope mating with the IUS. d - Mirror Comparison TRT - :37 Animation shows the refraction properties of the Chandra X-ray telescope. X-rays that strike a mirror head-on are absorbed. Xrays that hit a mirror at grazing angles are reflected like a pebble skipping across a pond. Thus, X-ray telescope mirrors are shaped like barrels rather than dishes. e - Deep Space Network TRT - :14 Animation shows the communication path between the satellite and the AXAF Science Center in Cambridge, MA. This communication is via NASA's Deep Space Network. f - Light Path TRT - :25 X-ray photons entering the telescope are reflected at grazing angles and focussed onto an electronic detector to make an image of a cosmic source. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Donald Savage 202/358-1727. Contact at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville AL: Dave Drachlis 256/544-6538. --------The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Pam Poe, 202/358-0373.

During Space Shuttle missions, you can access the full NASA TV schedule from: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html For general information about NASA TV see: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/ ********** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site: http://procurement.nasa.gov/EPS/award.html ********** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: Brian.Dunbar@hq.nasa.gov ********** end of daily news summary