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It can be found all over the country. For instance. to the ailing part of the body. can be used as anti-cancer. but it has been determined through various experiments and researches that its dried leaves contain 0. mixed with alcohol. anti-diabetic and even shows promise for the protection of humans from radiation. cramps. anti-ulcer. it serves as an anti-anxiety and anti-depressant medicine because of ethanol substance that it has. The same goes true for sprains. USES: • • • Headaches Cramps sprains • • • shortness of breath to stimulate the body to remove cold sores . and has been found to be an effective means to remove cold sores. grows to an erect length of 50 to 80 centimeters. This plant has also been found to aid people that suffer from various health ailments. in such a manner that intestinal worms are eradicated from the body when the ethanol extracts derived from it are taken in as a form of medication. Balanoi also manifests anti-bacterial activities. the rhizomes of the Balanoi plant are extracted and are used as mosquito repellant. The flowers of balanoi or common basil are either white or purple. especially its ethanol content. and even shortness of breath.20% to 1% of essential oils. it is an option to alleviate pain caused by headaches. extracts of common basil can be found in cosmetics. and have slightly-toothed edges. and the way to do this is to rub the oil or the extract of the Balanoi plant leaves. Studies have shown that there are particular activities on which Balanoi plant extracts and oils address. which belongs to the family of Lamiaceae. and have several uses. and are mixed in liquors and fragrances as well. For one. It has also been used as a stimulant. Balanoi's use is not only limited to medicinal purposes. in South Africa and in India. The compounds that can be extracted from this plant vary. the leaves of which are oval-shaped. There have also been clinical experiments showing that balanoi extracts. rather.Balanoi is a plant. Balanoi has been renowned throughout the Philippines and in various parts of the world because of its medicinal and health benefits. In the Philippines.
2. Rub the oil or the extract of the basil plant leaves. 2. Combine 40 grams basil leaves with 200 grams of water. 3. cramps. 2. To stimulate the body: 1. to the ailing part of the body. Do these three times every day. and sprains: 1.• antibacterial Preparations: For headache. For shortness of breath: 1. . As an antibacterial: 1. 2. until the cold sores are gone. Use the preparation in gargling. mixed with alcohol. Drink 3-4 cups per day. Drink one glass of the preparation twice day. Boil basil twelve basil leaves mixed with one and a half liters of water. Permeate about twenty (20) basil leaves with 200 grams of water. Boil 100 grams of basil leaves with 1 liter of water. To remove cold sores: 1. during early in the morning or when stomach is empty. Drink one glass of preparation per day.
is a climbing vine and the tendrils of which grow up to 20 centimeters long. This herbal plant belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae. and it is a tropical as well as .Common Name: AMPALAYA. BITTER GOURD OR BITTER MELON. MARGOSO Scientific Name: (Momordica charantia) Ampalaya (Bitter Melon) with a scientific name Momordica charantia.
diarrhea. Do not cover pot. Ampalaya contains a mixture of flavanoids and alkaloids make the Pancreas produce more insulin that controls the blood sugar in diabetics. 4. 6.a subtropical vine. phosphorous and calcium. 3. Gather and wash young leaves very well. 5. Colol and strain. Boil 6 tablespoons in two glassfuls of water for 15 minutes under low fire. fever. The Philippine variety has proven to be most potent. The bitter taste of the ampalaya fruit had also been the distinguishing factor from the rest of the fruits with medicinal value. The fruits of the ampalaya vine are fleshy green with pointed ends at length. and this is due to the presence of a substance known as momorcidin. Uses: • • • • • Lower blood sugar levels. It can never be mistaken for any other variety because its uneven and wrinkled surface had always been ampalaya’s distinct physical structure. Take one third cup 3 times a day after meals. Aside from Ampalaya's medicinal value. Ampalaya leaves are heart-shaped. diabetes For headaches wounds. burns and skin diseases as stringent For hemorrhoids. worms. Chop the leaves. 2. Most significant of which is for Diabetes. folic acid. Ampalaya has been a folkloric cure for generations but has now been proven to be an effective herbal medicine for many aliments. it is good source of vitamins A. Diabetes Mellitus (Mild non-insulin dependent) For coughs. B and C. Preparations: To lower blood sugar for DM patients: 1. iron. which are 5 to 10 centimeters in diameter. .
. diarrhea. Note: young leaves may be blanched/ steamed and eaten ½ glassful two times a day. For headaches wounds. diabetes: • Pound ampalaya leaves to extract its juice and drink a spoonful daily. fever.7. For coughs. burns and skin diseases: • Heat ampalaya leaves and apply warmed leaves to afflicted area. worms.
Beta1 – selective adrenergic blocker Specific Action: Competitively blocks beta-adrenergic receptors in the heart and juxtaglomerular apparatus. General Action: Antihypertensive.Generic Name: Metoprolol Brand Name: Betaloc®. Lopressor®. Novo-metoprol® Metoprolol is in a group of drugs called beta-blockers. It is also used to treat or prevent heart attack. decreasing the influence of the sympathetic . Beta-blockers affect the heart and circulation (blood flow through arteries and veins).Metoprolol is used to treat angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure).
heart failure. sleep disturbances. claudication. vertigo. laryngospasms erythematous rash. • Dosage Forms and Route: • • Tablet (Oral Route) Tablet.24 sec). memory loss. cardiogenic shock. fever. tinnitus. emotional depression. Extended Release (Oral Route) Side Effects/ Adverse Effects: • • Allergic: Pharyngitis. Long-term treatment of angina pectoris. Toprol-XL only: Treatment of stable symptomatic heart failure of ischemic. pulmonary edema. hypertensive. second and third trimesters of pregnancy. especially diuretics Immediate –release tablets and injection.or third. Indication: • • Hypertension. conjunctivitis. hallucinations. cardiac arrhythmias. peripheral vascular insufficiency.nervous system on these tissues and the excitability of the heart. CNS: Dizziness. dry eyes. asthma or COPD. CVA. slurred speech CV: Heart failure. sweating. pruritus. disorientations. Use cautiously with diabetes or thyrotoxicosis. decreasing cardiac output and the release of rennin. • • Contraindications: • Contraindicated with sinus bradycardia (HR less than 45 beats/min). dry skin EENT: Eye irritation. Prevention of reinfarction in MI patients who are hemodynamically stable or within 3-10 days of the acute MI. acts in the CNS to reduce sympathetic outflow and vasoconstrictor tone. pregnancy. alone or with other drugs.degree heart block (PR interval more than 0. fatigue. blurred vision • • • . hypotension Dermatologic: Rash. paresthesias. and lowering BP. or cardiomyopathic origin. second. sore throat.
nausea. renal mesenteric arterial thrombosis. Give oral drug with food to facilitate absorption. p. hepatomegaly. constipation. renal and thyroid function tests. alkaline phosphatase • • • • Nursing considerations: Assessment • History: Sinus bradycardia (HR less than 45 beats/min). hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. Toprol XL tablets may be divided at the score. anorexia. rhinitis. nasal stuffiness. vomiting. asthma or COPD.24 sec). or chew. frequent urination Musculoskeletal: Joint pain. dysuria. Provide continual cardiac monitoring for patients receiving IV metoprolol. BP. o o o . neurologic status. nocturia. ischemic colitis.or thirddegree heart block (PR interval greater than 0. second. ECG. respiratory status. • Interventions • WARNING: Do not discontinue drug abruptly after long-term therapy (hypersensitivity to catecholamines may have developed. skin condition. o Ensure that the patient swallows the ER tablets whole.dyspnea. muscle cramp Respiratory: Bronchospasm. systolic BP less than 100 mm Hg. and ventricular arrhythmias) Taper drug gradually over 2 weeks with monitoring. acute pancreatitis GU: Impotence. development of ANA. Consult physician about withdrawing drug if patient is to undergo surgery (controversial). retroperitoneal fibrosis. causing exacerbation of angina. cardiogenic shock. cough. bronchial obstruction. Peyronie’s disease. elevated serum transaminase. lactation. crush. flatulence. decreased libido.• GI: gastric pain. not crushed or chewed. do not cut. MI. arthralgia. heart failure. blood and urine glucose. divided tablets should be swallowed whole. diabetes or thyrotoxicosis. pharyngitis Other: Decreased exercise tolerance. pregnancy Physical: Weight. diarrhea.
slow pulse. Report difficulty breathing. rash. depression. confusion. fever. or chew. Swallow the extended-release tablets whole. drowsiness. not crushed or chewed. depression (discuss change of medication). crush. divided tablets must be swallowed whole. nightmares. If using Toprol XL. nausea. loss of appetite (eat frequent small meals). You may experience side effects of the drugs such as dizziness. • • . sore throat. lightheadedness. blurred vision (avoid driving or dangerous activities). night cough. do not cut. swelling of extremities. you can divide the tablets at the score.Teaching points: • • Do not stop taking this drug unless instructed to do so by your health care provider. sexual impotence.