You are on page 1of 20

Republic of the Philippines

Western Mindanao State University


College of Engineering and Technology
Department of Civil Engineering
Normal Road, Baliwasan, Zamboanga City 7000

PLATE
TIMBER DESIGN CE 157

Submitted by:

Quilantang, Clairole Marie L.


Rendon, Violifel V.
Usain, Norahmah E.
Yanga, Jiezl Marie N.
BSCE V-B Student

Submitted to:

Engr. Muhammadnur B. Muhammad


Professor
1. Design of Roof Truss:

1.1 Analysis of Wind Load (NSCP 2010):

a. Section 207.5.4.4 Wind Directional Factor ( )


Wind speed ( V ) = 150 kph ( Zone 3)
= 0.85

b. Section 207.5.6 Exposure


From Table 207-3 Importance Factor, (Wind Load)
Standard Occupancy (Occupancy Category IV)
= 1.0

c. Section 207.5.7.2 Topographic Factor ( )


= (1 + 1 2 3 )2
For Level ground
= 1.0

d. Section 207.5.6.6 Velocity Exposure Coefficient ( )


10 + 6
= = 8
2
18
From Table 207-4 Velocity Pressure Coefficient
For Exposure C Open Area
Height Above the Ground Level, Z Exposure Coefficient
(m)
7.5 0.94
8
9 0.98

By Linear Interpolation:
0.94 0.98 0.94
=
8 7.5 9 7.5

= 0.9533

e. Section 207.5.10 Velocity Pressure


= 47.3 106 2 (207-15)
Substitute to equation 207-15.
= 47.3 106 2
= 47.3 106 (0.9533)(1.0)(0.85)(1502 )(1.0) (207-18)
= 0.08624

f. Section 207.5.12.2.21 Low-Rise Building


= [( ) ( )] (207-18)

Where:
= velocity pressure evaluated at mean roof height h using exposure
defined in section 207.6.3
= external pressure coefficient from Figure 207-10
= internal pressure coefficient from figure 207-5

From Figure 207-05 for Enclosed Buildings


= 0.18

From Figure 207-10

4
= arctan ( ) = 38.66
5
1 2 3 4
30-45 0.56 0.21 -0.43 -0.37

Wind Pressure:
= [( ) ( )]

1 = [( ) ( )] 3 = [( ) ( )]
1 = 0.8624[(0.56) (0.18)] 3 = 0.8624[(0.43) (0.18)]
1 =0.64 kPa 3 = 0.53 kPa

2 = [( ) ( )] 4 = [( ) ( )]
2 = 0.8624[(0.21) (0.18)] 4 = 0.8624[(0.37) (0.18)]
2 =0.34 kPa 4 = 0.47 kPa

= 2
= 42 + 52 =6.4m

6.4
= = = 1.6
. 4
= ( ) = 2(1.6) = 3.22
Truss Wind Load Right to Left

Solving for 1 : Solving for 2 :


1= 3 ( ) 2= 2 ( )
1= 0.53(3.2) 2= 0.34(3.2)
1= 1.696 2= 1.088
1 2
= 0.848 = 0.549
2 2
Truss Wind Load Left to Right

Solving for 1 : Solving for 2 :


1= 3 ( ) 2= 2 ( )
1= 0.34(3.2) 2= 0.53(3.2)
1= 1.088 2= 1.696
1 2
= 0.549 = 0.848
2 2

1.2. Dead Load Analysis:

Material Property:
Wood = Yakal & Grade 80 % Weight of ceiling = 0.45 kPa
Unit Weight = 700kg/m^3 Relative Density = 0.76 x 9.81=7.46
Fb = 24.5 MPa Bay Length = 2m
Fv = 2.49 MPa Assumed Purlins = 50 x 50 mm
E = 9780 MPa Assumed Truss = 100 x 200 mm
Weight of roofing = 0.15 kPa Fc = 15.8 MPa

a. Weight of Roofing Materials


= ( )()
= 0.15(2)(1.25)
Pr = 0.375 kN

b. Weight of Purlins

6.4
. = + 1 = 10.14 11
0.7

b=50mm and d=50mm


3 =0.53 kPa 2 =0.34 kPa

= 0.53 0.7 = 0.34 0.7


= 0.371 / = 0.238 /

= 0.15 0.7 = 0.15 0.7


= 0.11 / = 0.11 /

= 0.371 + 0.11cos(38.66) = 0.238 + 0.11cos(38.66)


= 0.46 / = 0.32 /

= 0.11sin(38.66) = 0.11sin(38.66)
= 0.70 / = 0.70 /

2 0.46(22 ) 0.32(22 )
= = =
8 8 8
= 0.23 . = 0.16 .

2 0.07(22 ) 0.07(22 )
= = =
8 8 8
= 0.04 . = 0.04 .

6 6
= 2 = 1 ; b=50mm = 2 = 1 ; b=50mm

6(0.2310002 6(0.0410002 6(0.1610002 6(0.0410002


( ) ( ) ( 2 ) ( )
50(2 ) 50( 2 ) 50( ) 50( 2 )
+ +
24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
= 1.0 = 1.0
d = 35.58 40mm d=30.02mm

USE 50x50mm USE 50x50mm

0.37(2)
= = = 0.37
2 2

0.46(2)
= = = 0.46
2 2
3 3(0.37)(1000)
Fvn = = = 0.22
2 2(50)(50)

3 3(0.46)(1000)
Fvt = = = 0.28
2 2(50)(50)
= ()2 + ()2
= (0.22)2 + (0.28)2
= 0.36 < 2.49 !

= 11(0.050 0.050)(2)(0.76 9.81)


= 0.41 ()
0.41
=
4
0.41
=
4
PP = 0.10kN ( )

c. Weight of Truss

Assumed Section:
For Wood Top Chord, Bottom Chord, King Post (1pc.) and Web is base (b) = 100mm
and height (d) = 200mm

AC=CE=EG=GI=IK=KM=MO=OP
1 = 1.6(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.239
= 8(0.239)
= 1.91

AB=BD=DF=FH=HJ=JL=LN=NP
1 = 1.6(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.239
= 8(0.239)
= 1.91

CB=ON
1 = 1(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.149
= 2(0.149)
= 0.298

ED=ML
1 = 2(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.298
= 2(0.298)
= 0.596
GF=KJ
1 = 3(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.448
= 2(0.488)
= 0.895

IH
= 4(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.597
= 1(0.597)
= 0.597

BF=MN
1 = 2.36(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.352
= 2(0.352)
= 0.704

DG=KL
1 = 2.36(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.352
= 2(0.352)
= 0.704

FI=IJ
1 = 3.25(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.48
= 2(0.625)
= 0.97

= 8.58

8.58
=
8
PT = 1.07kN ( )

d. Weight of Ceiling
= ( )()
= 0.45(2)(1.25)
Pc = 1.125 kN

( ) = Pr +PP + PT = 0.1 + 1.07 + 0.395 = 1.55 kN


( ) = PC = 1.125 kN

Dead Load
1.3. & 1.4. Bottom Chord and Top Chord

Wind Load Right to Left


Wind Load Left to Right
Dead Load
LOAD COMBINATION:

Wind Load Right to Left

Wind Load Left to Right

Dead Load
WIND
Dead Load Combined Load
Members LOAD ( left
kN (left to right) kN
to right) kN
12 -15.015 1.362 -13.653
23 -12.87 1.485 -11.385
34 -10.725 1.608 -9.117
45 -8.58 1.731 -6.849
56 -8.58 0.471 -8.109
67 -10.725 0.663 -10.062
78 -12.87 0.855 -12.015
89 -15.015 1.047 -13.968
1 10 1.256 -3.503 -2.247
10 11 1.256 -3.503 -2.247
11 12 -0.419 -2.154 -2.573
12 13 -2.094 -0.805 -2.899
13 14 -2.094 1.410 -0.684
14 15 -0.419 2.275 1.856
15 16 1.256 3.141 4.397
9 16 1.256 3.141 4.397
2 10 1.13 0.000 1.130
3 11 2.47 -1.108 1.362
4 12 3.81 0.692 4.502
5 13 9.17 -1.633 7.537
6 14 3.81 1.385 5.195
7 15 2.47 -2.250 0.220
8 16 1.13 -1.161 -0.031
2 11 -2.145 3.508 1.363
3 12 -3.16 -2.159 -5.319
4 13 -4.355 2.546 -1.809
6 13 -4.355 1.079 -3.276
7 14 -3.16 1.728 -1.432
8 15 -2.145 0.000 -2.145

DESIGN LOADS

DESCRIPTION MEMBER L (mm) ASSUMED AREA FORCES


DIMENSION (mm2 ) (KN)
TOP CHORD 1-2 1600 mm 100 x 200 20000 -13.653
BOTTOM CHORD 1-10 1250 mm 100 x 200 20000 -2.247
DESIGN FOR TRUSS MEMBER

Compressive stress

fc = Fc

Slenderness factor adjustment


case 1:
11; Fc = Fc

case 2 : 11
K ; K = 0.671
1 4
Fc = Fc [ 1 - 3 ( ) ]


case 3 :
K ;
0.3
Fc = 2
( )

TOP CHORD
Assume dimension : 100 x 200 mm
Material Property: Wood = Yakal & Grade 80 %
Unit Weight = 700kg/m^3
Fb= 24.5 MPa
Fv = 2.49 MPa
Fc = 15.8 MPa
E = 9780 MPa

Compressive Stress:
k = 1.00
1.00(1600)

= 100 = 16
9780
K = 0.671 = 0.671 15.8 = 16.69

11 <
< 16.69 ; case 2
1 16
Fc = Fc [ 1 - 3 (16.69)4 ] = 11.35 Mpa

Actual Stress:
Pu 13653
fc =
= 100200 = 0.6828 Mpa < 11.35 Mpa ( SAFE !!)

USE: 100 x 200 mm for top chord

BOTTOM CHORD
Compressive Stress
Assume dimension : 100 x 200 mm
Material Property: Wood = Yakal & Grade 80 %
Unit Weight = 700kg/m^3
Fb= 24.5 MPa
Fv = 2.49 MPa
Fc = 15.8 MPa
E = 9780 MPa

Actual Stress:
2247
ft =
= (100 200 ) = 0.11235Mpa < 24.5 Mpa ( SAFE !!)

use 100 x 200 mm for Bottom chord