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# Republic of the Philippines

## Western Mindanao State University

College of Engineering and Technology
Department of Civil Engineering
Normal Road, Baliwasan, Zamboanga City 7000

PLATE
TIMBER DESIGN CE 157

Submitted by:

## Quilantang, Clairole Marie L.

Rendon, Violifel V.
Usain, Norahmah E.
Yanga, Jiezl Marie N.
BSCE V-B Student

Submitted to:

Professor
1. Design of Roof Truss:

## a. Section 207.5.4.4 Wind Directional Factor ( )

Wind speed ( V ) = 150 kph ( Zone 3)
= 0.85

## b. Section 207.5.6 Exposure

From Table 207-3 Importance Factor, (Wind Load)
Standard Occupancy (Occupancy Category IV)
= 1.0

= (1 + 1 2 3 )2
For Level ground
= 1.0

## d. Section 207.5.6.6 Velocity Exposure Coefficient ( )

10 + 6
= = 8
2
18
From Table 207-4 Velocity Pressure Coefficient
For Exposure C Open Area
Height Above the Ground Level, Z Exposure Coefficient
(m)
7.5 0.94
8
9 0.98

By Linear Interpolation:
0.94 0.98 0.94
=
8 7.5 9 7.5

= 0.9533

## e. Section 207.5.10 Velocity Pressure

= 47.3 106 2 (207-15)
Substitute to equation 207-15.
= 47.3 106 2
= 47.3 106 (0.9533)(1.0)(0.85)(1502 )(1.0) (207-18)
= 0.08624

## f. Section 207.5.12.2.21 Low-Rise Building

= [( ) ( )] (207-18)

Where:
= velocity pressure evaluated at mean roof height h using exposure
defined in section 207.6.3
= external pressure coefficient from Figure 207-10
= internal pressure coefficient from figure 207-5

= 0.18

## From Figure 207-10

4
= arctan ( ) = 38.66
5
1 2 3 4
30-45 0.56 0.21 -0.43 -0.37

Wind Pressure:
= [( ) ( )]

1 = [( ) ( )] 3 = [( ) ( )]
1 = 0.8624[(0.56) (0.18)] 3 = 0.8624[(0.43) (0.18)]
1 =0.64 kPa 3 = 0.53 kPa

2 = [( ) ( )] 4 = [( ) ( )]
2 = 0.8624[(0.21) (0.18)] 4 = 0.8624[(0.37) (0.18)]
2 =0.34 kPa 4 = 0.47 kPa

= 2
= 42 + 52 =6.4m

6.4
= = = 1.6
. 4
= ( ) = 2(1.6) = 3.22
Truss Wind Load Right to Left

## Solving for 1 : Solving for 2 :

1= 3 ( ) 2= 2 ( )
1= 0.53(3.2) 2= 0.34(3.2)
1= 1.696 2= 1.088
1 2
= 0.848 = 0.549
2 2
Truss Wind Load Left to Right

## Solving for 1 : Solving for 2 :

1= 3 ( ) 2= 2 ( )
1= 0.34(3.2) 2= 0.53(3.2)
1= 1.088 2= 1.696
1 2
= 0.549 = 0.848
2 2

Material Property:
Wood = Yakal & Grade 80 % Weight of ceiling = 0.45 kPa
Unit Weight = 700kg/m^3 Relative Density = 0.76 x 9.81=7.46
Fb = 24.5 MPa Bay Length = 2m
Fv = 2.49 MPa Assumed Purlins = 50 x 50 mm
E = 9780 MPa Assumed Truss = 100 x 200 mm
Weight of roofing = 0.15 kPa Fc = 15.8 MPa

## a. Weight of Roofing Materials

= ( )()
= 0.15(2)(1.25)
Pr = 0.375 kN

b. Weight of Purlins

6.4
. = + 1 = 10.14 11
0.7

## b=50mm and d=50mm

3 =0.53 kPa 2 =0.34 kPa

## = 0.53 0.7 = 0.34 0.7

= 0.371 / = 0.238 /

## = 0.15 0.7 = 0.15 0.7

= 0.11 / = 0.11 /

## = 0.371 + 0.11cos(38.66) = 0.238 + 0.11cos(38.66)

= 0.46 / = 0.32 /

= 0.11sin(38.66) = 0.11sin(38.66)
= 0.70 / = 0.70 /

2 0.46(22 ) 0.32(22 )
= = =
8 8 8
= 0.23 . = 0.16 .

2 0.07(22 ) 0.07(22 )
= = =
8 8 8
= 0.04 . = 0.04 .

6 6
= 2 = 1 ; b=50mm = 2 = 1 ; b=50mm

## 6(0.2310002 6(0.0410002 6(0.1610002 6(0.0410002

( ) ( ) ( 2 ) ( )
50(2 ) 50( 2 ) 50( ) 50( 2 )
+ +
24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
= 1.0 = 1.0
d = 35.58 40mm d=30.02mm

## USE 50x50mm USE 50x50mm

0.37(2)
= = = 0.37
2 2

0.46(2)
= = = 0.46
2 2
3 3(0.37)(1000)
Fvn = = = 0.22
2 2(50)(50)

3 3(0.46)(1000)
Fvt = = = 0.28
2 2(50)(50)
= ()2 + ()2
= (0.22)2 + (0.28)2
= 0.36 < 2.49 !

## = 11(0.050 0.050)(2)(0.76 9.81)

= 0.41 ()
0.41
=
4
0.41
=
4
PP = 0.10kN ( )

c. Weight of Truss

Assumed Section:
For Wood Top Chord, Bottom Chord, King Post (1pc.) and Web is base (b) = 100mm
and height (d) = 200mm

AC=CE=EG=GI=IK=KM=MO=OP
1 = 1.6(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.239
= 8(0.239)
= 1.91

AB=BD=DF=FH=HJ=JL=LN=NP
1 = 1.6(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.239
= 8(0.239)
= 1.91

CB=ON
1 = 1(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.149
= 2(0.149)
= 0.298

ED=ML
1 = 2(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.298
= 2(0.298)
= 0.596
GF=KJ
1 = 3(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.448
= 2(0.488)
= 0.895

IH
= 4(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.597
= 1(0.597)
= 0.597

BF=MN
1 = 2.36(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.352
= 2(0.352)
= 0.704

DG=KL
1 = 2.36(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.352
= 2(0.352)
= 0.704

FI=IJ
1 = 3.25(0.1)(0.2)(7.46) = 0.48
= 2(0.625)
= 0.97

= 8.58

8.58
=
8
PT = 1.07kN ( )

d. Weight of Ceiling
= ( )()
= 0.45(2)(1.25)
Pc = 1.125 kN

## ( ) = Pr +PP + PT = 0.1 + 1.07 + 0.395 = 1.55 kN

( ) = PC = 1.125 kN

1.3. & 1.4. Bottom Chord and Top Chord

## Wind Load Left to Right

WIND
kN (left to right) kN
to right) kN
12 -15.015 1.362 -13.653
23 -12.87 1.485 -11.385
34 -10.725 1.608 -9.117
45 -8.58 1.731 -6.849
56 -8.58 0.471 -8.109
67 -10.725 0.663 -10.062
78 -12.87 0.855 -12.015
89 -15.015 1.047 -13.968
1 10 1.256 -3.503 -2.247
10 11 1.256 -3.503 -2.247
11 12 -0.419 -2.154 -2.573
12 13 -2.094 -0.805 -2.899
13 14 -2.094 1.410 -0.684
14 15 -0.419 2.275 1.856
15 16 1.256 3.141 4.397
9 16 1.256 3.141 4.397
2 10 1.13 0.000 1.130
3 11 2.47 -1.108 1.362
4 12 3.81 0.692 4.502
5 13 9.17 -1.633 7.537
6 14 3.81 1.385 5.195
7 15 2.47 -2.250 0.220
8 16 1.13 -1.161 -0.031
2 11 -2.145 3.508 1.363
3 12 -3.16 -2.159 -5.319
4 13 -4.355 2.546 -1.809
6 13 -4.355 1.079 -3.276
7 14 -3.16 1.728 -1.432
8 15 -2.145 0.000 -2.145

## DESCRIPTION MEMBER L (mm) ASSUMED AREA FORCES

DIMENSION (mm2 ) (KN)
TOP CHORD 1-2 1600 mm 100 x 200 20000 -13.653
BOTTOM CHORD 1-10 1250 mm 100 x 200 20000 -2.247
DESIGN FOR TRUSS MEMBER

Compressive stress

fc = Fc

case 1:
11; Fc = Fc

case 2 : 11
K ; K = 0.671
1 4
Fc = Fc [ 1 - 3 ( ) ]

case 3 :
K ;
0.3
Fc = 2
( )

TOP CHORD
Assume dimension : 100 x 200 mm
Material Property: Wood = Yakal & Grade 80 %
Unit Weight = 700kg/m^3
Fb= 24.5 MPa
Fv = 2.49 MPa
Fc = 15.8 MPa
E = 9780 MPa

Compressive Stress:
k = 1.00
1.00(1600)

= 100 = 16
9780
K = 0.671 = 0.671 15.8 = 16.69

11 <
< 16.69 ; case 2
1 16
Fc = Fc [ 1 - 3 (16.69)4 ] = 11.35 Mpa

Actual Stress:
Pu 13653
fc =
= 100200 = 0.6828 Mpa < 11.35 Mpa ( SAFE !!)

## USE: 100 x 200 mm for top chord

BOTTOM CHORD
Compressive Stress
Assume dimension : 100 x 200 mm
Material Property: Wood = Yakal & Grade 80 %
Unit Weight = 700kg/m^3
Fb= 24.5 MPa
Fv = 2.49 MPa
Fc = 15.8 MPa
E = 9780 MPa

Actual Stress:
2247
ft =
= (100 200 ) = 0.11235Mpa < 24.5 Mpa ( SAFE !!)