NASA Daily News Summary For Release: August 9, 1999 Media Advisory m99-162 Summary: MARS: AN ACTIVE

PLANET TODAY? BRIEFING SET FOR AUGUST 10 Video File for August 9, 1999 ********** MARS: AN ACTIVE PLANET TODAY? BRIEFING SET FOR AUGUST 10 The camera aboard NASA's Mars Global Surveyor mission has revealed surprising new aspects of cloud fronts dust devils and sand dunes on the red planet. The new images have major implications for understanding how the weather on Mars varies from season to season and from year to year. The new still images and related video products will be the subject of a Space Science Update press briefing on Tuesday, Aug. 10, at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC. It will be carried live on NASA TV. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1747. Contact at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Mary Hardin/Frank O'Donnell 818/354-5011. For full text, see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/note2edt/1999/n99-044.txt ********** If NASA issues additional news releases later today, we will e-mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html **********

Video File for August 9, 1999 Item 1 - QuikScat Images - Animated images from radar instrument aboard QuikScat spacecraft showing fury of Typhoon Olga as it grew in intensity last week over the China Sea Item 2 - Underwater Sea Probe -- Volcanic Vent Mission Footage and Interview (transferred to Beta-SP from High Definition format) Item 3 - Solar Eclipse Preview (replay) NOTE: Regarding the Upcoming Solar Eclipse NASA will NOT run the eclipse live on NASA TV throughout its duration on Aug. 11. Any media wishing to pick-up a live feed of the eclipse can go to Telstar 5, Ku transponder 11, 97 west, vertical polarity 11929 MHz downlink frequency. Audio 6.2 / 6.8. Credit MUST be given: "Courtesy Exploratorium/NASA" However, solar researchers Steve Maran and Craig DeForest will be available via NASA TV on August 11 from 6:00 to 11:00 am EDT to provide commentary over a live feed of the eclipse from Amasya, Turkey. To book an interview, contact Deanna Corridon 301/286-0045 or Wade Sisler 301/286-6256. More information about the eclipse is available at: http://eclipse99.nasa.gov/ ----Video File for August 9, 1999 Item 1 - QuikScat Images - Animated images from radar instrument aboard QuikScat spacecraft showing fury of Typhoon Olga as it grew in intensity last week over the China Sea Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz 202/358-1730. Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Diane Ainsworth 818/354-0850. Item 1a - Animation of data from SeaWinds on Quikscat TRT - :52

Animation of the spinning globe shows SeaWinds data taken August 1, 1999, highlighting Typhoon Olga in the China Sea. Item 1b - Animation of data from SeaWinds on Quikscat TRT - :28

Animation of the spinning globe shows SeaWinds data taken August 1, 1999, highlighting Typhoon Olga in the China Sea. This blowup of the China Sea shows Typhoon Olga as it moved toward the coast of south Asia. Item 1c - First view of surface winds over the Pacific and Atlantic by SeaWinds TRT - :21

These images of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans were derived from observations made by the radar scatterometer, SeaWinds, onboard the NASA mission Quikscat, August 1, 1999. Item 1d - Quickscat Animation TRT - :55

The Quick Scatterometer (Quikscat), NASA's next El Nino watcher, will be used to better understand global weather anomalies. The SeaWinds instrument aboard Quikscat will provide daily, detailed measurements of winds as they swirl above the world's oceans. Quikscat launched June 18, 1999. Item 1e - Quikscat - clean room b-roll TRT - :34

Footage shows the Quikscat satellite in the clean room at Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corporation, Boulder, CO. Item 1f - Interview excerpts: Dr. Jim Graf TRT - 2:03

Quikscat Project Manager, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CA Item 1g - Interview excerpts: Dr. Timothy Liu TRT - :50

Quikscat project scientist, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CA Item 2 - Underwater Sea Probe -- Volcanic Vent Mission Footage and Interview (transferred to Beta-SP from High Definition format)

Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Diane Ainsworth 818/354-0850. Contact at Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, CA: Mimi Drummond 831/648-4918. Item 2a - Testing of new instrument package for Underwater Volcanic Vent Mission Researchers at JPL recently tested a new deep sea instrument package of cameras, temperature sensors, optics, and a spectrometer at depths of 30 ft. at the Monterey Bay Aquarium's giant kelp tank. Footage was shot in HDTV and transferred to tape. Item 2b - Interview excerpts TRT - 2:30

Lloyd French, Research Scientist, Underwater Volcanic Vent Mission Project, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CA Item 2c - Interview excerpts TRT - 2:41

Dr. Lonne Lane, Research Scientist, Underwater Volcanic Vent Mission Project, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CA Item 3 - Solar Eclipse Preview (replay) Sneak preview of upcoming solar eclipse on August 11. The package contains animation showing the path of the eclipse through Europe, some eclipse viewing tips, and examples of how NASA uses artificial eclipses to enhance its understanding of the Sun's corona. NASA scientists will be providing spectacular pictures of the August 11 total solar eclipse - the last in the millennium - from both Earth and a million miles out in space. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Donald Savage 202/358-1547. Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Wade Sisler 301/286-6256. Item 3a - The Great Eclipse of 1999 - animation Shows the path of the Moon's shadow on the Earth during the August

11th solar eclipse. Item 3b - The Aruba Eclipse of 1998 Footage of the last total solar eclipse as seen from the Caribbean island of Aruba on February 26, 1998. This footage was produced and distributed as part of a live webcast by the San Francisco Exploratorium and NASA's Sun-Earth Connection. Courtesy Exploratorium/NASA Item 3c - Eclipse on Parade Eclipse highlights. Courtesy of Dr. Jay Pasachoff, Williams College Item 3d - Moon Shadow The time-lapse sequence shows the shadow of the moon as it first touches the Earth in the Pacific Ocean, about 2,000 miles south of the Hawaiian Islands, and follows its race across the Pacific, over northern South America and across the Caribbean Sea before exiting in the Atlantic about 600 miles west of Morocco. The time-lapse image sequence was taken from the NOAA/National Weather Services' Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-10. The sequence was enhanced and rendered at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's Laboratory for Atmospheres. Super: NASA/NOAA Item 3e - The Longest Eclipse - Images from SOHO NASA uses artificial eclipses to continuously monitor the Sun's corona. Time-lapse sequences from the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph Experiment (LASCO) instrument on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory spacecraft (SOHO). Courtesy NASA/ESA (European Space Agency) Item 3f - The Active Sun Two sequences from SOHO's Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) illustrate the increase in solar activity from January 1996 (first sequence) to July, 1999 (second sequence). The sun is nearing the peak of its period 11-year solar cycle. Courtesy NASA/ESA (European Space Agency)

Item 3g - The Speedy Solar 'Wind' - animation The solar 'wind' can travel at speeds up to two million miles per hour. As it flows past Earth, the solar wind changes the shape and structure of the Earth's magnetic field, which can damage satellites and disrupt communications and power systems. Courtesy NASA/ESA (European Space Agency) Item 3h - Source of the Solar 'Wind' These combined images display UV light emitted by the solar corona over one full solar rotation (27 days) in August 1996. The inner images of the solar disk were taken by the EIT instrument aboard SOHO. The outer diffuse emission was observed by the UVCS instrument aboard SOHO, which creates an 'artificial eclipse' in ultraviolet light to observe the dim extended solar corona. The dark regions at the north and south poles are called "coronal holes," and they are thought to be the primary source regions of the high-speed solar 'wind.' Courtesy Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) Item 3i - Earth Gets Blasted This computer visualization shows the impacts of a coronal mass ejection on the Earth's magnetosphere. This discovery of a way to provide early warning of approaching solar storms could prove useful to power companies, the communications industry and organizations that operate spacecraft. The data were collected by the NASA's Wind satellite. Item 3j - SOHO Animation Animation of the SOHO Spacecraft Courtesy NASA/ESA (European Space Agency) Item 3k - An Interactive Event B-Roll from the San Francisco Exploratorium's interactive webcast of the February, 1998 eclipse. The Exploratorium will bring this year's total eclipse to viewers around the world via a live interactive webcast made possible with support from NASA's SunEarth Connection Education Forum. Courtesy Exploratorium / NASA Item 3l - Solar Researcher B-Roll

Images of scientists at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's SOHO Operations Facility. Item 3m - Eclipse Viewing Tips Eclipse viewing tips with NASA Astronomer Dr. Fred Espanek. Never attempt to observe the partial phases of any eclipse with the naked eye. Includes B-roll from viewing tips. Item 3n - Interview Excerpt - Craig Deforest Craig DeForest explains why scientists are interested in studying eclipses. Craig DeForest is a solar physicist working for Stanford University at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. ----The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson, 202/358-1696. During Space Shuttle missions, you can access the full NASA TV schedule from: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html For general information about NASA TV see: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/ ********** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site:

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