NASA Daily News Summary For Release: August 12, 1999 Media Advisory m99-165 Summary: No news releases

today. NOTE: Live News Event: STS-99 Launch Slip News Conference 4:00 pm today, Kennedy Space Center Carried Live on NASA TV Video File for August 12, 1999 ********** If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will e-mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html ********** Video File for August 12, 1999 Item 1 - Saturn-Bound Cassini Prepares for August 17 Fly By of Earth Item 2 - Solar Eclipse Footage (replay) Item 3 - Mars Global Surveyor Images are Sharpest-Ever and Reveal an Active Red Planet (replay) ----Video File for August 12, 1999 Item 1 - Saturn-Bound Cassini Prepares for August 17 Fly By of Earth Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Mary Beth Murrill 818/354-5011. Item 1a - Cassini Trajectory Assistance TRT - :35

Launched in October 1997, Cassini flies past Venus twice, then once past Earth and Jupiter. Each planetary flyby increases

Cassini's speed, allowing it to reach distant Saturn. Item 1b - Animation comparing attitude of Cassini flyby with Space Shuttle, Hubble, Space Station. TRT - :24

Cassini will fly about twice as high as the orbit of the International Space Station, and higher than most of the hundreds of satellites in orbit around Earth. Item 1c - Earth Fly By Animation TRT - :21

The flyby of Earth on Aug. 17, 1999 (11:28 pm EDT) will be at an altitude of about 725 miles. Item 1d - Venus Animation TRT - :52

To reach Saturn, Cassini must fly a nearly 7-year course past Venus twice, and Earth and Jupiter once. Cassini's first flyby of Venus in April 1998 was perfect, coming less than 200 miles from the surface and had accelerated in its speed. The second flyby in June 1999 accelerated the spacecraft's speed even further. Item 1e - Jupiter FlyBy Animation TRT - :30

The Earth flyby directs Cassini on to its next planetary gravityassist, this time at Jupiter on Dec. 30, 2000. Cassini will have an opportunity to train its instruments on the giant planet, its moons, its magnetic and radiation environment. Item 1f - Animation of Cassini rocket firing over Saturn's ring plane The Cassini spacecraft will reach Saturn in July 2004. Cassini's onboard rocket will fire, braking the spacecraft's speed and allowing it to be captured into orbit around Saturn. Item 1g - Hyugens Animation showing Detachment of Probe, Parachute Drop, Titan Surface TRT - 3:19 TRT - :30

The Hyugens Probe, provided by the European Space Agency, will detach from the Cassini spacecraft and parachute to the Titan surface to study its atmosphere and surface characteristics. Item 1h- Cassini Launch footage TRT - :59

The Cassini mission to Saturn was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral, FLA, on Oct. 15, 1997. The Cassini program is a cooperative effort of NASA, the Eurpean Space Agency, and the

Italian Space Agency. Item 2 - Solar Eclipse Footage (replay) Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Wade Sisler 301/286-6256. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Donald Savage 202/358-1547. Item 2a - Footage of eclipse from Amasya, Turkey Item 2b - Eclipse path animation Item 2c - Eclipse highlights from Aruba on 2/26/98 Item 2d - The long eclipse/LASCO images Item 2e - The active Sun/EIT and TRACE images Item 2f - Earth impact of the solar wind Item 2g - Revolving Sun All images courtesy NASA and the Exploratorium. Item 3 - Mars Global Surveyor Images are Sharpest-Ever and Reveal an Active Red Planet (replay) Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753. Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Frank O'Donnell 818/354-5011. Item 3a - Rotating Globe TRT: :28

A mosaic of 24 images taken on a single northern summer day in April 1999 can be stitched together to create a snapshot of weather patterns across Mars. As the planet turns, bluish-white water clouds hanging above the Tharsis volcanos are clearly visible. Item 3b - Movie - Storm over Martian North Pole TRT: :29

This movie of the Martian North Pole was created from a series of Mars Orbiter Camera images taken every two hours on successive orbits for a period of two days during the month of June. The evolution of dust and water clouds are visible as the move in response to the invisible, turbulent flow of the wind. Item 3c - Movie - Dust Devils TRT: :21 Dust Devils appear and disappear in this animation produced from two images, taken several days apart, of the same area on Mars. The bright tops and long, dark shadows allow identification and measurement of height of dust devils on Mars.

Item 3d - Dus Devils Size Chart

TRT :15

This image compares the sizes of dust devils on Earth and Mars with the size of terrestrial tornados and the size of the largest mountains on the two planets. At 8km in height, the largest Martian dust devils are as tall as Mount Everest, twice as high as tornados on Earth. Item 3e - Changing Frost on Martian Dunes TRT :26

As dunes in the polar region thaw at the end of the long winter night, dark spots in the frost enlarge over time. The Mars Orbiter Camera shows changes in these spots over a period of 26 days. Item 3f - Movie of the dunes in Proctor Crater TRT :57

Using a Mariner 9 image of the dune field in Proctor Crater, we zoom into a Mars Orbiter Camera close-up of the dunes. As we travel across the dunes, we see evidence of the last remnants of the frost and movement of the sand. Item 3g - Dunes in Proctor Crater TRT :31

The following two images show (a) the dunes in the Proctor Crater as photographed by Mariner 9 and (b) a close-up of the dune field in Proctor Crater. The dark color indicates the light dust that covers much of the planet does not accumulate on the sandy surfaces of the dunes. The white areas are the remains of the late winter seasonal frost. ----The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson, 202/358-1696. During Space Shuttle missions, you can access the full NASA TV schedule from: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html For general information about NASA TV see:

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