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INDEX

EXPERIMENT

To study the oscillations of simple pendulum

1

2 compound pendulum

frequency of single degree spring mass system

3 theoretically and experimentally.

undammed torsional vibration of single shaft

4 rotor system

logarithmic decrement of damped

5 Torsional vibration of single shaft rotor

system.

6

of two rotor system by theoretically and

7 experimentally

8 and equipments

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EXPERIMENT NO:-1

Semester :- 7thSem Date:-

Subject:- Mechanical vibration & Noise engineering (ME-703)

AIM:

To study the oscillations of simple pendulum

PROCEDURE:

Fix the balls with nylon ropes in to the hooks provided at the top of beam of the frame,and

measure the length of pendulum as shown. Oscillate the pendulum and measurethe time

required for 10 oscillations. Repeat the procedure by changing the ball and changing the

length

OBSERVATION:

Ball Size Length L m Fth

No. Oscillations period Tp Deviation

CALCULATIONS:

For Simple pendulum

Texp= T/n

Therefore Texp =

F(exp)= 1/T(exp)= _____________________cycles/sec

Tth = 2

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

CONCLUSION:

Q1. Derive the Expression to find the natural frequency of simple pendulum with neat

sketch.

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EXPERIMENT NO:-2

Semester :- 6thSem Date:-

Subject:- (Mechanical vibration & Noise engineering (ME-703)

AIM:

To determine the radius of gyration of a compound pendulum

INTRODUCTION:

A rigid body is allowed to oscillate in vertical plane about the axis of suspension underthe

action of gravitational force. This body is called a compound pendulum. The unit is provided

with a compound pendulum with a simple design as shown in figure.

PROCEDURE:

Fix the brass bush in any of the holes of pendulum and mount the pendulum over

thesuspension shaft which is fitted at the top disc. Oscillate the pendulum and measure

thetime required for 10 oscillations. Repeat the procedure by putting the bush in

differentholes.

OBSERVATION:

h = distance of c.g. of axis of suspension

Sr.No h (m) Fth

oscillation period Tp Deviation

CALCULATIONS:

Let,

Texp= T/n

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Therefore Texp =

F(exp)= 1/T(exp)= _____________________cycles/sec

Conclusion:-

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EXPERIMENT NO:-3

Semester :- 7thSem Date:-

Subject:- Mechanical vibration and noise engineering(ME-703)

Aim:

To determine the spring stiffness and natural frequency of single degree spring

mass system theoretically and experimentally.

Description of Apparatus:

One end of the open coil spring is fixed to the screw which engages with the screwed

hand wheel. The screw can be adjusted vertically in any convenient position and then clamed

to upper supported plane by the means of lock nuts. Lower end of the spring is attached to the

platform carrying the dead loads. Thus the design of the system incorporates vertical

positioning of the unit.

Procedure:

1. Fix one end of the helical spring to the upper screw.

2. Determine the free length.

3. Put some mass on the platform and note down the deflection.

4. Stretch the spring through some distance and release.

5. Count the time requires for oscillations in seconds, say n.

6. Determine the actual time period.

7. Repeat the procedure for different masses.

Deflection of

Obs. Mass m the spring K=mg/ kmean

No attached(kg) (N/m) (N/m)

(m)

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Sample Calculations:

4) Stiffness k= Load/Deflection

5) K mean=(k1+k2+k3......)/No. of readings

Where k1=m1g/1

K2= m2g/2

K3= m3g/3

Texp= T/n

Therefore Texp =

Conclusions:

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EXPERIMENT NO:-4

Semester :- 7thSem Date:-

Subject:- Mechanical vibration and Noise Engineering (ME-703)

Aim:-To determines the natural frequency of undammed torsional vibration of single shaft

rotor system.

Description of Set up :-

One end of the shaft is gripped in the chuck and heavy flywheel free to rotate in ball

bearing is fixed at the other end of the shaft. The bracket with fixed end of the shaft can be

clamped at any convenient position along vertical beam. Thus length of the shaft can be

varied during the experiments. Specially designed chucks are used for clamping ends of the

shaft. The ball bearing support to the rotor provides negligible damping during the

experiment. The bearing housing is fixed to side member of main frame.

Procedure:-

1. Fix the bracket at convenient position along the vertical beam

2. Grip one end of the shaft at the bracket by the chuck

3. Fix the rotor one the other end of the shaft

4. Twist the rotor through some angle and release.

5. Note down the time required for n oscillation.

6. Repeat the procedure for the different length of the shaft.

7. Make the following observations.

o Shaft Diameter =

o Diameter of the disc =

o Mass of the disc (m) =

o Modulus of rigidity of the shaft =

Observation table:-

2

Where I is the moment of inertia = mk =mr2/2

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Conclusion:-

Q1Draw neat sketch of shaft rotor system to find the natural frequency

Where

% deviation

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EXPERIMENT NO:-5

Semester :- 7thSem Date:-

Subject:- Mechanical vibration and Noise Engineering (ME-703)

Torsional vibration of single shaft rotor system.

Description of set-up:

Set up consists of a long elastic shaft gripped at the upper end by the chuck in the

bracket. The bracket is clamped to the upper beam of main frame. A disc clamped at the

lower end of the shaft suspends from the bracket. On this disc, two extension rods from

the periphery are arranged. The rods facilitate for another rods in each to be clamped

vertically. The rods (damper arms) clamped vertically can be used for different depths of

immersion in water or oil housed by two tanks on the sides of a disc.

The recorder is placed below the disc in order to note the cycle by a sketch pen.

The speed of paper is 40mm/sec.

Procedure:

1. Arrange the set up.

2. Fill the required fluid in damping liquid tank.

3. Immerse the arms in the liquid tank to required depth.

4. Oscillate lower rotor and start the recorder.

5. Wait till the oscillations diminish.

Repeat the procedure for different depth of immersion.

Observation Table:-

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Calculations:

Let X0 and Xn be amplitude at successive time interval t1 and t2. Then, logarithmic

decrement

1 X

ln 0

N Xn

Where,

Xn=Amplitude of vibration after n cycles from record.

Damping ratio

Conclusion:-

Q1. Derive the expression of displacement for under damped vibration and by using that

Q2. Draw the displacement vs time graph for under damped vibration showing how the

Amplitude is decreases with time.

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EXPERIMENT NO:-6

Subject:- Mechanical vibration and Noise Engineering (ME-703)

AIM:

THEORY:

If a body or disc mounted upon shafts rotates about it then C.G. of disc must be at shaft axis,

if perfect running balance is to be obtained. But practically, because of difficulty of perfect

machining, disc C.G. does not coincide with shaft axis. Hence, when such shaft rotates, it

deflects towards heavier side of disc due to unbalanced centrifugal force. As we go on

increasing the speed of shaft, a speed is reached at which the disc vibrates violently, this is

the critical speed. After passing this speed, the shaft again runs quietly.

Critical speed depends upon the magnitude and location of the load carried by the

shaft, length and diameter of the shaft and support conditions. The shaft may be operated

below and above critical speed. Higher speed are rarely used, e.g. some stream turbines

exceed critical speed, but they do not run long enough at critical speed for vibrations to build

up to an excessive amplitude.

APPARATUS DESCRTPTION:

The apparatus is designed to demonstrate this phenomenon. lt consists of a base frame over

which two bearing supports are mounted. The driving end carries a bearing block with two

ball bearings giving fixed end condition for shaft. At tail end, two types of bearing blocks are

provided , one for fixed tail end and one for free tail end. The shaft is driven by a variable

speed motor.

Each shaft is provided with eccentric revolving disc. Thus, the student can visualize

the effect of whirling of the shaft".

i) Shaft

iii) Driving End - Fixed end shaft support with two SRDG bearing - 1 Nos '

iv) Tail end a) Fixed end shaft support with two SRDG bearing - 1 Nos '

v) Motor 1/6 HP, 1500 rpm universal motor with variable speed drive

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

PROCEDURE:

ii) Fix the bearing block at tail end (either for fixed end condition or free end condition) and

tighten the shaft.

iii) Start the motor and slowly increase the speed. At a certain speed, disc will vibrate

violently. Hold the shaft by hand to avoid shaft bending and note down the speed.

iv) Increase the speed. Now shaft will operate above critical speed without vibrations.

OBSERVATION:

CALCULATIONS:

.

OR

s2 = 5. m1.g. L4 / 185 E.I. -------------One Ends Fixed and one End Free

.

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

OR

d2 = 7. M2.g. L3 / 768 E.I. ------------- One Ends Fixed and one End Free

CONCLUSION:

figure

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EXPERIMENT NO:-7

Semester :- 7thSem Date:-

Subject:- Mechanical vibration and Noise Engineering (ME-703)

AIM:

To determine natural frequency and node point of two rotor system by theoretically and

experimentally

Two discs of different moment inertia are attached at each end of the shaft by means of

collect and chucks. Mass moment of inertia of any discs can be changed by attaching the

cross lever masses. Both discs are free to oscillate.

PROCEDURE:

1. Fix two disc of the shaft and fit the shaft in the bearing.

2. Deflect the disc in opposite direction by hand and then release.

3. Note down the time required for particular number of oscillations.

4. Repeat the procedure with different diameter shafts and note down the time.

OBSERVATIONS:

Radius of disc A =

Radius of disc B =

Mass of disc A =

Mass of disc B =

Diameter of the shaft =

Length the shaft between two rotors (L) =

Locate the node point, let the distance of small rotor from the node point be La and hence, the

distance of big rotor is (La-L)

La can be found by La =L ( )

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Observation Table:-

Avg

Ia Time Time Freq. Freq.

(kg Ia (kg No of Time Taken Period Experimental Theoretical %

S.No. m2) m2) cycles n Taken (Tavg) (Tavg) (Hz) (Hz) deviation

Theoretical Calculation:-

=0

fn2 =

Distance of a node

point from disc A Distance of a

Ia (kg m2) Ib (kg m2) theoretically node from disc A %

deviation

experimentally

La =L ( )

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Coclusion:-

Q1. Find the 1st and 2nd natural frequecy of two rotor system for the diagram

Q2. Draw the node diagram for 1st and 2nd natural frequency.

Q3. Calculate the % deviation of natural frquency obtained experimentall and

theoretically.

NOWGONG ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EXPERIMENT NO:-8

Semester :- 7thSem Date:-

Subject:- Mechanical vibration and Noise Engineering (ME-703)

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