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*REFERENCE TABLE

DESCRIPTION sizing Criteria

1 Discharge Pumped Sewage 1.5 -1.8 m/s

2 High pressurized line (clean water) 2.2-3.2 m/s

3 Air Flow rate in line 12-18 m/s

4 Suction Pumped flow 0.5-1.0 m/s

5 Gravity flow < 1.0 m/s

6 sludge 1.2 m/s max

7 sludge line minimum 2.5"


8 Air flow for odor ducts 6-10 m/s
USING THE BELOW FORMULA

Q Where : - Q = Flow (m/Sec)


V =
A V = Velocity (m/Sec)
A = Cross Section Are
NOTES:
1 Note Deleted.
2 The flow considered is full plant capacity through one stream
3 For GRP & UPVC pipes the nominal Diameter is considerd for calculating the Velocity. For HDPE &
4 AG= ABOVE GROUND, UG= UNDERGRAOUND, IB= INSIDE BUILDING
ERENCE TABLE FOR ACCEPTABLE VELOCITIES
Reference

M&E wastewater engineering 5th edition/ hydraulic institute : max 4.5 m/s if there is no check valve

Hydraulic institute : max pumped flow shall not exceed 4.5m/s if there is no check valves used
Water supply & sewerage 6th edition - Terence J Mc ghee

Hydraulic institute : max suction velocity shall not exceed 2.4m/s, M&E: sewage suction shall not e
pumps manufacturers recommend low suction velocity to prevent cavitations
Water supply & sewerage 6th edition - Terence J Mc ghee

M&E wastewater engineering velocity should not exceed 1.5m/s to 1.8m/s


To make cleaning / flushing / rodding easy.
Water supply & sewerage 6th edition - Terence J Mc ghee
ELOW FORMULA FOR CALCULATING VELOCITY IN PIPES

= Flow (m/Sec)
Velocity (m/Sec)
Cross Section Area of Pipe (m)

e Velocity. For HDPE & Copper Pipes the ID is used for calculation the velocities.
: max 4.5 m/s if there is no check valves used

m/s if there is no check valves used

.4m/s, M&E: sewage suction shall not exceed 1.5m/s /


revent cavitations

5m/s to 1.8m/s