NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Sept.

9, 1999 Media Advisory m99-184 Summary: No News Releases Today. Video File Advisory for Sept. 9, 1999 Summary: Item 1 - "PULSE OF THE PLANET" - NASA RELEASES NEW PICTURES OF YEAR IN THE LIFE OF PLANET EARTH Item 2 - PERSONAL SATELLITE ASSISTANT (replay) ********** No News Releases Today. __________ If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will e-mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: ********** Video File for Sept. 9, 1999 Item 1 - "PULSE OF THE PLANET" - NASA RELEASES NEW PICTURES OF YEAR IN THE LIFE OF PLANET EARTH Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Lynn Chandler 301/286-5562. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz 202/358-1730. Item 1a - New pictures from NASA capture dramatic TRT - 4:01

changes in a year in the life of planet Earth The latest portrait compresses an entire year of satellite data into just a few seconds. The Earth's colors bloom into an artists' palate of rich scientific information. The latest images help scientists better understand the complex rhythms of life in the oceans, the pulse of the global biosphere, and human effects on the environment. Item 1b - Hurricanes From Seawifs Recent hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean. Item 1c - Fires in the Western United States TRT - :22 TRT - :32

Plumes of smoke from recent brush and forest fires in the West appear on SeaWiFS images. Item 1d - Pulse of the Planet - North Atlantic Bloom Rebound from El Nino TRT - :16

During the winter, storms and surface cooling mix the surface waters of the Atlantic, replenishing the nutrient supply from the deep, cold, nutrient-rich waters. Once sunlight is sufficient to support plant growth, phytoplankton populations explode and persist for nearly three months until nutrients are depleted. This bloom migrates northward in synchrony with the Sun throughout the summer. SeaWiFS enabled scientists to witness the ocean transition from El Niño (first image) to La Niña (second image) conditions in the Equatorial Pacific. The cooler nutrient-rich waters associated with the demise of El Nino also brought a huge plankton bloom along the equator. Item 1e - Pulse Of The Planet - Explosion in the Galapagos TRT - :22

SeaWiFS images documented the rapid demise of El Nino in the waters around the Galapagos Islands. The images show an explosion in plankton growth as the warm El Nino waters blamed for choking off essential ocean nutrients are replaced by deep, cold waters. The false color images, which document plankton concentrations a

period from May 9 - 24 1998, show that life in the region to the west of the archipelago has returned in remarkable abundance. High concentrations are shown red. Areas occluded by clouds are shown in white. Item 1f - An Eye For Disasters TRT - :22

SeaWiFS provided a unique perspective to a variety of natural disasters, including fires in Florida, Mexico, and Indonesia; floods in China; and the progress of Hurricanes such as Bonnie and Danielle. Florida Fires - June 1998 Mexico Fires - May 1998 Indonesian Fires - October 1997 Flooding on the Yangtze River - August 1998 Hurricane Bonnie - September, 1998 Item 1g - SeaWiFs Instrument and Launch (Animation and footage) TRT - 1:35

The SeaWiFS instrument is one component of the SeaStar satellite. The SeaStar blasted into space on August 1, 1997, lifted by an extended Pegasus rocket. Item 1h - Interview/Soundbites TRT - 1:55

Dr. Chuck McClain, SeaWiFS Project Scientist, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center


TRT - 8:47

Contact at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA: Michael Mewhinney 650/604-3937. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753. Scientists at NASA are developing an autonomous robot called the Personal Satellite Assistant to support future space missions. It is a little bigger than a softball and a little smaller than a

soccer ball. The Personal Satellite Assistant will be equipped with a variety of sensors to monitor environmental conditions in a spacecraft such as the amount of oxygen, carbon dioxide and other gases in the air; the amount of bacteria growth; air temperature and air pressure. The robot will also have a camera for video conferencing, navigation sensors, wireless network connections, and even its own propulsion components enabling it to operate autonomously throughout the spacecraft. Item 2a - Personal Satellite Assistant TRT - 2:10

Animated sequence demonstrates capabilities of the Personal Satellite Assistant, a micro-robot that might be built to assist crew in space and inside spacecraft such as the space shuttle, the International Space Station, or perhaps vehicles that will explore Mars. Item 2b - Various Views of Personal Satellite Assistant TRT - :31 This mock-up displays possible features of the Personal Satellite Assistant. This would include video and infrared cameras, a flat panel display for desktop video conferencing, and sensors to detect atmospheric elements such as nitrogen and oxygen. Item 2c - Interview Excerpts TRT - 4:45

Yuri Gawdiak, Principal Investigator, NASA Ames Research Center ----Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN. ANY CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY ON THE WEB AT WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9

p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson, 202/358-1696, During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: For general information about NASA TV see: ********** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site: ********** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: ********** end of daily news summary