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ASSIGNMENT 3

1. A fluid of thermal conductivity 1.0 W/m-K flows in fully developed flow with Reynolds
number of 1500 through a pipe of diameter 10 cm. What are the heat transfer coefficients for
uniform heat flux and uniform wall temperature boundary conditions respectively?
0
2. Air at 27 C and 1atm flows over a flat plate at a speed of 2m/s. Calculate the boundary layer
thickness at distances of 0.2 m and 0.4 m from the leading edge of the plat. Calculate the mass
flow rate, which enters the boundary layer between x= 0.2 m and x= 0.4 m. The viscosity of
air at 270C is 1.85 x 10-5 kg/ms. Assume unit depth in z direction. (3.82 x 10-3 kg/s)

3. Air at 270C and 1atm flows over a heated plate with a velocity of 2 m/s. The plate is at
uniform temperature of 600C. Calculate the heat transfer rate from first 0.2 m of the plate.
Assume unit depth in z direction. The properties of air at 43.50C are:
= 17.36 x 10-6 m2/s, k = 0.02749W/mK, Pr = 0.7, Cp = 1.006 kJ/kg.K Use relation
Nu = 0.332 Re1/2Pr1/3(Laminar flow), Nu = 0.028 Re0.8 Pr1/3(Turbulent flow)(81.18W)

4. A horgintal pipe carrying steam runs in a large room and is exposed to air at a temperature of
300C. The pipe surface temperature is 2000C. The pipe diameter is 20 cm and length 1m.Find
out the heat dissipation rate by free convection. Use correlation:
Nu = 0.53(Ra)1/4 for 104 < Gr Pr < 109
Nu = 0.10(Ra)1/3 for 109 < Gr Pr < 1012
properties of air at 1150C
K = 0.03306 W/mK, Pr = 0.687, Kinematic viscosity= 24.93 x 10-6 m2/s(734.77W)

5. Pipe diameter 65mm, length 150mm) are to be cooled from an initial temperature of 20 0C by
placing them in a bottle cooler with an ambient air temperature of 1 0C. Compare the initial
cooling rates when, when the pipe is laid horizontal, to when they are laid vertically. The
properties of air at 10.50C are:
= 0.19 x 10-4 m2/s, = 15.55 x 10-6 m2/s, = 1.25 kg/m3, k = 0.024 W/mK
Nu = 0.53(Ra)1/4 for 104 < Gr Pr < 109 ( Horizontal orientation)
Nu = 0.59(Ra)1/4 for 104 < Gr Pr < 109 ( vertical orientation) (3.18W, 2.87W)

6. Show by Buckinghams theorem in case of free convection Nu = f( Gr Pr).


7. Define Reynolds-Colburn analogy. Describe the relation between fluid friction and heat
transfer.
8. Water at 200C is to be heated by passing it through the tube. Surface of the tube is maintained
at 900C. The diameter of the tube is 4 cm, while its length is 9 m. Find the mass flow rate so
that the exit temperature of water will be 600C.
The properties of water are;
= 995 kg/m3, Cp = 4.174 kJ/kgK, k = 0.64 W/mK, = 0.62 x 10-6 m2/s
Use relation Nu = 0.023 Re0.8 Pr0.4 and also show that the calculations are valid are not.
(2.59kg/s)

9. Water at 200C enters a 2cm diameter tube with a velocity of 1.5 m/s. The tube is maintained at
1000C. Find the tube length required to heat the water to a temperature of 600C.
The properties of water at 400C:
Pr = 4.31, = 992.2 kg/m3, Cp = 4174 J/kg.K, k = 0.634 W/mK, = 0.659 x 10-6 m2/s(3.08m)