NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Sept.

20, 1999 Media Advisory m99-192 Summary: NASA FORMS INDEPENDENT INDUSTRY-GOVERNMENT TEAM TO REVIEW SHUTTLE MAINTENANCE AND REFURBISHMENT PRACTICES Video File for Sept. 20, 1999 ITEM 1 - CHANDRA IMAGES PROVIDE NEW VISION OF COSMIC EXPLOSIONS Live Television Events This Week: September 21, Tuesday ​ 2:30 - 3:30 pm - NASA Minority Business Awards - HQ September 22, Wednesday ​ 6:00 - 10:00 am - Hurricanes Live Shots with Dr. Wilson - MSFC September 23, Thursday ​ 4:30 - 5:30 am - Live Coverage of the Mars Climate Orbiter Insertion - JPL​​ 6:30 - 8:30 am - Mars Climate Orbiter Live Shot - JPL 11:00 am - noon Mars Climate Orbiter Insertion Briefing - JPL September 24, Friday 6:00 - 10:00 am - Diabetes Technology Live News Interviews LARC​​ 1:00 - 2:00 pm - Diabetes Technology Live News Interviews - LARC ********** NASA FORMS INDEPENDENT INDUSTRY-GOVERNMENT TEAM TO REVIEW SHUTTLE MAINTENANCE AND REFURBISHMENT PRACTICES Following the recent discovery of maintenance-related damage to

electrical wiring in the Space Shuttle, NASA is forming a team of leading aerospace experts to review the overall safety of shuttle maintenance and refurbishment practices. The team will be chaired by Dr. Henry McDonald, director of NASA's Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA. Other members will be named later this week. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Dwayne C. Brown 202/358-1726. For full text, see: ---------If NASA issues additional news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: ******* Video File for Sept. 20, 1999 ITEM 1 - CHANDRA IMAGES PROVIDE NEW VISION OF COSMIC EXPLOSIONS Three Supernovas Imaged by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory Contact at Chandra X-ray Observatory Center, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA: Dr. Wallace Tucker 617/496-7998. Contact at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville AL: Dave Drachlis 256/544-0034. ITEM 1a - E0102-72 is the remnant of a supernova located in the Small Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way. This object is believed to have resulted from the explosion of a massive star several thousand years ago. Stretching across 40 light years of space, the multi-million degree source resembles a flaming cosmic wheel. Image Credit: NASA/SAO*/CXC+

ITEM 1b - A previously known pulsar is observed directly in the Chandra image of PSR 0540-69. This pulsar, located in the Large Magellanic Cloud is 180,000 light years distant and emits pulses of radio, optical, and X radiation at a rate of 50 per sec. These pulses, which come from a neutron star rotating at this incredible rate, comprise only a few percent of the total energy output of the neutron star powerhouse. The cloud of high-energy electrons surrounding the pulsar was imaged for the first time by Chandra. Image Credit: NASA/SAO/CXC ITEM 1c - G21.5-0.9, is about 16,000 light years from Earth. Chandra's image shows a bright nebula surrounded by a much larger diffuse cloud. Inside the inner nebula is a bright central source that is thought to be a rapidly rotating, highly magnetized neutron star. A rotating neutron star acts like a powerful generator, creating intense electric voltages that accelerate electrons to speeds close to the speed of light. The total output of this generator is greater than a thousand suns. The fluffy appearance of the central nebula is thought to be due to magnetic field lines which constrain the motions of the high energy electrons. Image Credit: NASA/SAO/CXC For more information see: *Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory +Chandra X-ray Observatory Center ********** Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN. ANY CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY ON THE WEB AT

WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson, 202/358-1696, During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: For general information about NASA TV see: ********** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site: ********** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: ********** end of daily news summary