NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Sept.

22, 1999 Media Advisory m99-195 Summary: NASA TECHNOLOGY MAY HELP VICTIMS OF DIABETES ITEM 1 - AIRSCOOTER - NASA ROTORCRAFT VISIONAIRES LOOK TO THE FUTURE ITEM 2 - NASA BIOFEEDBACK TECHNOLOGY MAY HELP VICTIMS OF DIABETES ITEM 3 - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER ANIMATION FROM MARS 98, LAUNCH FOOTAGE OF MARS CLIMATE ORBITER, AND ANIMATION OF MARS POLAR LANDER - (replay) ITEM 4 - NASA TO BEGIN MEASURING WORLD'S LARGEST TREES (replay) LIVE TELEVISION EVENTS THIS WEEK: September 22, Wednesday ​ 6:00 - 10:00 am - Hurricanes Live Shots with Dr. Wilson - MSFC September 23, Thursday ​ 4:30 - 5:30 am - Live Coverage of the Mars Climate Orbiter Insertion - JPL​​ 6:30 - 8:30 am - Mars Climate Orbiter Live Shot - JPL 11:00 am - noon Mars Climate Orbiter Insertion Briefing - JPL September 24, Friday 6:00 - 10:00 am - Diabetes Technology Live News Interviews LARC​​ 1:00 - 2:00 pm - Diabetes Technology Live News Interviews - LARC *****DETAILS: NASA Aviation Research May Help Diabetics Imagine being able to travel into your own body and see your blood vessels pumping while learning how to control your blood flow. Diabetes patients are learning how to do that with help from technology derived from NASA aviation safety research. Preliminary observations show that NASA¹s artificial vision technology can be an effective way to

visualize and control blood flow to the hands and feet of patients at risk from neuropathy or nerve damage associated with diabetes. To book an interview please call: Ivelisse Gilman at (757) 864-5036 ********** NASA TECHNOLOGY MAY HELP VICTIMS OF DIABETES Some American diabetics may soon be using NASA virtual-reality technology to peer inside the human body and manage the effects of the disease. Preliminary observations show that artificial-vision technology, used to help pilots train to fly in poor visibility, helps diabetics at risk for nerve damage visualize and control blood flow to the arms and legs. In studies this fall, patients will use "biofeedback" -- selfcontrol techniques, including changes in breathing and muscle flexing -- to increase their blood flow, which will be measured through sensors attached to their fingertips. The system will use skin-surface pulse and temperature measurements to create a computer-generated image of what is actually happening to blood vessels under the skin. Just as pilots use artificial vision to "see" into bad weather, patients will use this virtual reality device to "see" beneath their skin. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Michael Braukus 202/358-1979. Contact at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA: H. Keith Henry 757/864-6120. Contact at Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA: Bradford Warner 757/446-6050. Contact UVA Health System, Charlottesville, VA: Marguerite Beck 804/924-5679. For full text, see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/1999/99-103.txt ---------If NASA issues additional news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list.

Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html ******* Video File - Sept. 22, 1999 ITEM 1 - AIRSCOOTER - NASA ROTORCRAFT VISIONAIRES LOOK TO THE FUTURE Scientists and engineers at NASA¹s Ames Research Center have joined with Millennium Jet, Inc. to cooperate in development of a vertical flight technology called the SoloTrek Exo-skeletor flying vehicle, a one-person air scooter designed to fly over traffic. Contact at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA: Michael Mewhinney 650/604-3937. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Michael Braukus 202/358-1979. ITEM 1a - SOLOTREK EXO-SKELETAL FLYING VEHICLE B-roll: Millenium Jet Inc. CEO Michael Moshier demonstrates the handling features of the SoloTrek vehicle; different shots of the vehicle and engine; Moshier looks over the vehicle¹s blueprints. ITEM 1b - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS (7 bites) TRT - 4:05 TRT - 1:54

Michael Moshier, CEO of Millennium Jet, Inc., Santa Clara, CA. ITEM 1c - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS (3 bites) TRT - 1:31

William Warmbrodt, Branch Chief, Aeromechanics Branch Army/NASA Rotorcraft Divison, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA.

ITEM 2 - NASA BIOFEEDBACK TECHNOLOGY MAY HELP VICTIMS OF DIABETES Synopsis: Technology derived from NASA's Aviation Research may soon help people with diabetes. If studies at the Strelitz

Diabetes Institutes' Research Institute at Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, prove successful, the Virtual Reality Biofeedback device may be used in doctors' offices or in patients' homes to help diabetics manage their blood flow. Patients wear a 3-D virtual reality headset to visualize their own blood vessels and veins, then use biofeedback methods to increase blood flow through them. Contact at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA: H. Ivelisse Gilman 757/864-5036. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Michael Braukus 202/358-1979. ITEM 2a - VIRTUAL REALITY BIOFEEDBACK DEVICE Footage shows Dr. Aaron Vinik, Director of Research at the Strelitz Diabetes Research Institute of Eastern Virginia Medical School, and patient using NASA's Virtual Reality biofeedback device. ITEM 2b - VISUAL IMAGING SIMULATOR TRT - :42 TRT - 1:41

The device is a spin-off from technology used in NASA's Aviation Safety Research. NASA artificial vision technology was initially used to train pilots to fly in low- or no-visibility situations. Footage shows Dr. Alan Pope, inventor of the Virtual Reality Biofeedback Device, and NASA pilot Lynda Kramer in Visual Imaging Simulator. ITEM 2c - VIRTUAL REALITY HEADSET AND ANIMATION The computer graphics animation was developed using virtual reality originally intended for aerospace applications. Data visualization is used to study the complex airflow patterns around wing shapes and new aircraft designs. Footage shows Kurt Severance, co-inventor of the Virtual Reality Biofeedback Device, using virtual reality headset to view airflow animation. TRT - :37

ITEM 2d - INTERVIEW (3 bites)

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Dr. Alan Pope, Research Scientist, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA. ITEM 2e - INTERVIEW (2 bites) TRT - :45

Dr. Aaron Vinik, Director of Research, The Strelitz Diabetes Research Institute, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA. ITEM 2f - INTERVIEW (1 bite) TRT - :20

Kurt Severance, Computer Engineer, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA.

ITEM 3 - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER ANIMATION FROM MARS 98, LAUNCH FOOTAGE OF MARS CLIMATE ORBITER, AND ANIMATION OF MARS POLAR LANDER - (replay) Mars Climate Orbiter video file: - animation - launch footage - hardware footage - interviews (new) Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753. Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Mary Hardin 818/354-5011. ITEM 3a - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER ANIMATION . TRT - 6:11

Animation shows the launch of the Mars Climate Orbiter, rocket separation, the establishment of orbit and mapping of Mars. ITEM 3b - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER B-ROLL TRT - 2:23

Cleanroom activities, hardware at KSC in 1998. ITEM 3c - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER LAUNCH AT CAPE CANAVERAL TRT - 3:03 Launch of the Delta rocket on December 11,1998 that carried the Mars Climate Orbiter into space. ITEM 3d - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT - 1:47

Dr. Richard Zurek, Project Scientist, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory ITEM 3e - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT - :56

Dr. Sam Thurman, Flight Operations Manager, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory ITEM 3f - MARS POLAR LANDER ANIMATION Animation of the Mars Polar Lander entry, descent, landing and surface operation. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753. Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Diane Ainsworth 818/354-0850. TRT 2:46

ITEM 4 - NASA TO BEGIN MEASURING WORLD'S LARGEST TREES (replay) A NASA research aircraft, equipped with an innovative laser instrument, will fly over selected U.S. forests this month to find out for the first time just how much vegetation is in these forests. When launched into space next year aboard the NASA/University of Maryland Vegetation Canopy Lidar (VCL) satellite, this technology will create the first global maps of forest vegetation that scientists can use to monitor the health of forests and their capacity to absorb carbon dioxide from the

TRT - 7:00

atmosphere. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz 202/358-1730. Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Wade Sisler 301/286-6256. ITEM 4a - MAPPING THE FOREST CANOPY - FALSE COLOR The same technology that mapped the topography of Mars will measure the height and amount of vegetation in California's sequoia forest as well as eastern U.S. forests in Maryland, North Carolina, and New Hampshire. The images will be similar to this one, taken last year from a fly-over of the Costa Rican rainforest. Red represents the tallest elevations, and blue, the lowest. ITEM 4b - MAPPING THE FOREST CANOPY - TREE TEXTURE Image of the Costa Rican rainforest illustrating elevation and vegetation taken by a LIDAR aircraft during a fly-over last year. It dissolves into a tree-colored image showing the potential of LIDAR to show three-dimensional images of the forest as well. ITEM 4c - MAPPING THE TALL TREES TRT - :23 TRT - :23 TRT - :25

Animation depicting the LVIS instrument flown aboard a NASA C-130 aircraft. The new LVIS (laser vegetation imaging sensor) operates by sending pulses of energy to the Earth's surface, then analyzing the signal as the pulses bounce off of leaves, branches and the ground to reflect back to the LVIS. It is able to measure the height of the canopy and each tree within it, as well as measuring the amount of vegetation in the forests. ITEM 4d - MAPPING MARS / ICE SHEETS / BEACHES TRT - 1:11

The same technology used in LVIS has been used to map the rugged surface of Mars, the El Nino driven changes in California Beaches, and dramatic changes in the Greenland Ice Sheets.

ITEM 4e - FLY-OVER OF PACIFICA, CA, REGION

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Laser altimetry was used to determine the pre-El Nino characteristics of the narrow coastal zone that is most susceptible to erosion. Scientists compared data acquired in Oct. 1997 with that acquired during the April 1998 flights to understand the effects of erosion of coastal cliffs. ITEM 4f - GLOBAL BIOMASS TRT - :30

When launched into space next year aboard the NASA/University of Maryland Vegetation Canopy Lidar (VCL) satellite, this technology will create the first global maps of forest vegetation that scientists can use to monitor the health of forests and their capacity to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This image of the global biosphere is from NASA's Sea-viewing Wide Field-ofview Sensor (SeaWiFS). Previous satellites have mapped vegetation area in great detail, but VCL will be the first to map the vertical dimension of a forest.

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