NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Sept.

21, 1999 Media Advisory m99-193 Summary: NASA HONORS MINORITY BUSINESSES NASA AND THE UNITED NEGRO COLLEGE FUND LAUNCH CURRICULUM AWARD FOR MINORITY-SERVING INSTITUTIONS Video File for Sept. 21, 1999 ITEM 1 - NASA TO BEGIN MEASURING WORLD'S LARGEST TREES ITEM 2 - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER ANIMATION FROM MARS 98 AND LAUNCH FOOTAGE OF MARS CLIMATE ORBITER - (replay, with new interviews) ITEM 3 - CHANDRA IMAGES PROVIDE NEW VISION OF COSMIC EXPLOSIONS (replay) ****NOTE: 3:00 PM VIDEO FILE WILL PLAY AT APPROXIMATELY 3:30 PM TODAY, IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING LIVE TELEVISION EVENT, NASA Minority Business Awards (see below). NASA Minority Business Awards program will be rebroadcast today at 4:00 pm, 7:00 pm, 9:00 pm, and 1:00 am.

LIVE TELEVISION EVENTS THIS WEEK: September 21, Tuesday ​ 2:30 - 3:30 pm - NASA Minority Business Awards - HQ September 22, Wednesday ​ 6:00 - 10:00 am - Hurricanes Live Shots with Dr. Wilson - MSFC September 23, Thursday ​

4:30 - 5:30 am - Live Coverage of the Mars Climate Orbiter Insertion - JPL​​ 6:30 - 8:30 am - Mars Climate Orbiter Live Shot - JPL 11:00 am - noon Mars Climate Orbiter Insertion Briefing - JPL September 24, Friday 6:00 - 10:00 am - Diabetes Technology Live News Interviews LARC​​ 1:00 - 2:00 pm - Diabetes Technology Live News Interviews - LARC ********** NASA HONORS MINORITY BUSINESSES NASA today announced the winners of its 1999 Minority Business awards. The winners of the three top awards are: - Minority Contractor of the Year: Dynacs Corp., Bal Harbour, FL - Minority Subcontractor of the Year: Information Dynamics Inc., McLean, VA - Women-Owned Business of the Year: Dynamac Corp., Rockville, MD Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Sonja Alexander 202/358-1761. For full text, see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/1999/99-105.txt ---------NASA AND THE UNITED NEGRO COLLEGE FUND LAUNCH CURRICULUM AWARD FOR MINORITY-SERVING INSTITUTIONS NASA and the United Negro College Fund today announced that five historically black colleges and universities will receive grants to improve their science, math, engineering and technology curricula. This announcement was made during a ceremony at the Washington Hilton recognizing National HBCU Week. The selected institutions, chosen from more than 65 colleges and universities eligible to submit proposals: - Allen University, Columbia, SC - Fort Valley State University, Fort Valley, GA - Paine College, Augusta, GA - Paul Quinn College, Dallas, TX

- St. Philip's College, San Antonio, TX The awards, called the Curriculum Improvement Partnership Award (CIPA) Program for Minority-Serving Institutions, represent the first partnership between the United Negro College Fund and NASA. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Sonja Alexander 202/358-1761. Contact at United Negro College Fund, McLean, VA: Ryan McDay 703/205-3454. For full text, see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/media/1999/m99-194.txt ---------If NASA issues additional news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html ******* Video File - Sept. 21, 1999 ITEM 1 - NASA TO BEGIN MEASURING WORLD'S LARGEST TREES TRT 7:00 A NASA research aircraft, equipped with an innovative laser instrument, will fly over selected U.S. forests this month to find out for the first time just how much vegetation is in these forests. When launched into space next year aboard the NASA/University of Maryland Vegetation Canopy Lidar (VCL) satellite, this technology will create the first global maps of forest vegetation that scientists can use to monitor the health of forests and their capacity to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz 202/358-1730. Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Wade Sisler 301/286-6256.

ITEM 1a - MAPPING THE FOREST CANOPY - FALSE COLOR The same technology that mapped the topography of Mars will measure the height and amount of vegetation in California's sequoia forest as well as eastern U.S. forests in Maryland, North Carolina, and New Hampshire. The images will be similar to this one, taken last year from a fly-over of the Costa Rican rainforest. Red represents the tallest elevations, and blue, the lowest. ITEM 1b - MAPPING THE FOREST CANOPY - TREE TEXTURE Image of the Costa Rican rainforest illustrating elevation and vegetation taken by a LIDAR aircraft during a fly-over last year. It dissolves into a tree-colored image showing the potential of LIDAR to show three-dimensional images of the forest as well. ITEM 1c - MAPPING THE TALL TREES TRT - :23

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Animation depicting the LVIS instrument flown aboard a NASA C-130 aircraft. The new LVIS (laser vegetation imaging sensor) operates by sending pulses of energy to the Earth's surface, then analyzing the signal as the pulses bounce off of leaves, branches and the ground to reflect back to the LVIS. It is able to measure the height of the canopy and each tree within it, as well as measuring the amount of vegetation in the forests. ITEM 1d - MAPPING MARS / ICE SHEETS / BEACHES TRT - 1:11

The same technology used in LVIS has been used to map the rugged surface of Mars, the El Nino driven changes in California Beaches, and dramatic changes in the Greenland Ice Sheets. ITEM 1e - FLY-OVER OF PACIFICA, CA, REGION TRT - :25

Laser altimetry was used to determine the pre-El Nino characteristics of the narrow coastal zone that is most susceptible to erosion. Scientists compared data acquired in Oct. 1997 with that acquired during the April 1998 flights to understand the effects of erosion of coastal cliffs.

ITEM 1f - GLOBAL BIOMASS

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When launched into space next year aboard the NASA/University of Maryland Vegetation Canopy Lidar (VCL) satellite, this technology will create the first global maps of forest vegetation that scientists can use to monitor the health of forests and their capacity to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This image of the global biosphere is from NASA's Sea-viewing Wide Field-ofview Sensor (SeaWiFS). Previous satellites have mapped vegetation area in great detail, but VCL will be the first to map the vertical dimension of a forest.

ITEM 2 - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER ANIMATION FROM MARS 98 TRT 16:25 AND LAUNCH FOOTAGE OF MARS CLIMATE ORBITER (replay, with new interviews) Mars Climate Orbiter video file: - animation - launch footage - hardware footage - interviews (new) Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753. Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Mary Hardin 818/354-5011. ITEM 2a - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER ANIMATION . TRT - 6:11

Animation shows the launch of the Mars Climate Orbiter, rocket separation, the establishment of orbit and mapping of Mars. ITEM 2b - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER B-ROLL Cleanroom activities, hardware at KSC in 1998. TRT - 2:23

ITEM 2c - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER LAUNCH AT CAPE CANAVERAL TRT - 3:03 Launch of the Delta rocket on December 11,1998 that carried the Mars Climate Orbiter into space. ITEM 2d - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT - 1:47

Dr. Richard Zurek, Project Scientist, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory ITEM 2e - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT - :56

Dr. Sam Thurman, Flight Operations Manager, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

ITEM 3 - CHANDRA IMAGES PROVIDE NEW VISION OF COSMIC :46 EXPLOSIONS (replay) Three Supernovas Imaged by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory Contact at Chandra X-ray Observatory Center, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA: Dr. Wallace Tucker 617/496-7998. Contact at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville AL: Dave Drachlis 256/544-0034. ITEM 3a - E0102-72 is the remnant of a supernova located in the Small Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way. This object is believed to have resulted from the explosion of a massive star several thousand years ago. Stretching across 40 light years of space, the multi-million degree source resembles a flaming cosmic wheel. Image Credit: NASA/SAO*/CXC+ ITEM 3b - A previously known pulsar is observed directly in the Chandra image of PSR 0540-69. This pulsar, located in the Large

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Magellanic Cloud is 180,000 light years distant and emits pulses of radio, optical, and X radiation at a rate of 50 per sec. These pulses, which come from a neutron star rotating at this incredible rate, comprise only a few percent of the total energy output of the neutron star powerhouse. The cloud of high-energy electrons surrounding the pulsar was imaged for the first time by Chandra. Image Credit: NASA/SAO*/CXC+ ITEM 3c - G21.5-0.9, is about 16,000 light years from Earth. Chandra's image shows a bright nebula surrounded by a much larger diffuse cloud. Inside the inner nebula is a bright central source that is thought to be a rapidly rotating, highly magnetized neutron star. A rotating neutron star acts like a powerful generator, creating intense electric voltages that accelerate electrons to speeds close to the speed of light. The total output of this generator is greater than a thousand suns. The fluffy appearance of the central nebula is thought to be due to magnetic field lines which constrain the motions of the high energy electrons. Image Credit: NASA/SAO*/CXC+ For more information see: http://chandra.harvard.edu *Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory +Chandra X-ray Observatory Center ********** Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN. ANY CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY ON THE WEB AT ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/tv-advisory/nasa-tv.txt WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time.

NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson, 202/358-1696, elvia.thompson@hq.nasa.gov During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html For general information about NASA TV see: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/ ********** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site: http://procurement.nasa.gov/EPS/award.html ********** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: Brian.Dunbar@hq.nasa.gov ********** end of daily news summary