NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Oct.

1, 1999 Media Advisory m99-203 Summary: NEW MARS IMAGES: NO EVIDENCE OF ANCIENT OCEAN SHORELINES HUBBLE PROBES SECRET LIVES OF GALAXIES AT NEXT SPACE SCIENCE UPDATE OCT. 6 ******* Video File for Oct. 1, 1999 ITEM 1 - HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGES SHOW NO EVIDENCE OF ANCIENT OCEANS ON MARS ITEM 2 - SPACE SHUTTLE WIRING ITEM 3 - SULFURIC ACID ON EUROPA (replay) ITEM 4 - BRAIN CANCER SURGERIES SUCCESSFUL USING SPACE-AGE PROBES (replay) ITEM 5 - LAUNCH OF TRMM SATELLITE (special request feed) ******** NEW MARS IMAGES: NO EVIDENCE OF ANCIENT OCEAN SHORELINES Scientists studying high-resolution images from NASA's Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft have concluded there is no evidence of shorelines that would have surrounded oceans that may have once existed on Mars. One argument that such a body of water once existed was suggested by features in images from the NASA Viking missions taken in the 1970s, which were interpreted by a number of researchers as remnants of ancient coastlines. The images from Mars Global Surveyor, taken in 1998, have a resolution five to 10 times better than those that Viking provided. With this closer inspection, none of these features appears to have been formed by the action of water in a coastal environment. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753.

Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Mary Hardin 818/354-5011. Contact at Malin Space Science Systems, San Diego, CA: Michael Ravine 619/552-2650 x500. For full text, see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/1999/99-114.txt -------HUBBLE PROBES SECRET LIVES OF GALAXIES AT NEXT SPACE SCIENCE UPDATE OCT. 6 New research and images from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope advancing astronomers' understanding of the growth and development of spiral galaxies will be presented in a Space Science Update at 1 p.m. EDT, Wednesday, Oct. 6, in the James E. Webb Auditorium at NASA Headquarters, 300 E St. SW, Washington, DC. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Donald Savage 202/358-1547. Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Nancy Neal 301/286-0039. Contact at Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD: Ray Villard 410/338-4707. For full text, see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/note2edt/1999/n99-053.txt ---------If NASA issues additional news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html ******** Video File for Oct. 1, 1999 ITEM 1 - HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGES SHOW NO EVIDENCE OF :15 ANCIENT OCEANS ON MARS Scientists studying high-resolution images from NASA's Mars Global TRT

Surveyor spacecraft have concluded there is no evidence of shorelines that might have surrounded proposed ancient oceans on Mars, as suggested by some images from the Viking missions of the 1970s. This Mars Orbiter Camera image of one proposed shoreline, between the rough Lycus Sulci uplands (lower half) and the flat Amazonis plains (upper half) shows that the contact zone between the two is clearly not a wave-cut cliff, and that there are no features that can be unambiguously identified as coastal landforms. Credit: NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753. Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Mary Hardin 818/354-5011.

ITEM 2 - SPACE SHUTTLE WIRING A short during liftoff of Space Shuttle Columbia in July was traced to a wire in the payload bay with damaged insulation. As a result of that problem, NASA decided to inspect much of the wiring in all four of the space shuttles and make repairs as required. Technicians at the Kennedy Space Center, FL, are currently inspecting Space Shuttles Discovery, Endeavour and Atlantis. Columbia will be inspected at Palmdale, CA, where it is undergoing its previously scheduled Orbiter Maintenance Down Period. Technicians are visually examining the wires and using their hands to check for damaged insulation. As a preventative measure, they also are installing flexible plastic tubing over some wiring, smoothing and coating rough edges in the proximity of wiring, and installing other protective shielding where needed. The next Shuttle mission, the STS-103, Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission, is currently scheduled for no earlier than Nov. 19, 1999. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Kirsten Williams 202/358-0243. ITEM 2a - B-ROLL TRT 3:42

Shows technicians inside the Shuttle Bay inspecting wiring, including using magnifying glasses. ITEM 2b - INTERVIEW TRT 1:28

William F. Readdy, Deputy Associate Administrator for Space

Flight, NASA Headquarters

ITEM 3 - SULFURIC ACID ON EUROPA (replay) Sulfuric acid--a corrosive chemical found on Earth in car batteries--exists on the frozen surface of Jupiter's icy moon Europa. The new findings are from NASA's Galileo spacecraft, and are reported in the Oct. 1 issue of the journal Science. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753. Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Jane Platt 818/354-5011. ITEM 3a - SULFURIC ACID ON EUROPA TRT :10

This image of Europa, as seen by the near infrared mapping spectrometer on NASA's Galileo spacecraft, shows the distribution of frozen sulfuric acid on Jupiter's moon. The brightest, most yellow regions have the highest concentration of frozen sulfuric acid. Sulfuric acid is found in battery acid and in Earth's acid rain. ITEM 3b - RIDGES, SPOTS AND ICY PLAINS ON EUROPA This mosaic shows many of the features of Jupiter's moon Europa observed by the Galileo spacecraft. Brown, linear ridges could be frozen remnants of cryovolcanic activity. Dark spots are seen, along with an older, smoother, bluish surface composed of almost pure water ice. The dark, brownish spots may contain mineral salts in high water content. ITEM 3c - EUROPA/GALILEO FLYBY ANIMATION Animation depicts Galileo's closest planned flyby of Europa. TRT :45 TRT :25

ITEM 4 - BRAIN CANCER SURGERIES SUCCESSFUL USING SPACE-AGE PROBES (replay) Light emitting diodes (LEDs) developed for plant experiments aboard NASA's Space Shuttle are being used for the first time to remove cancerous brain tumors. Doctors at the Medical College of

Wisconsin have performed two successful cancer surgeries using LEDs. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Michael Braukus 202/358-1979. Contact at Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL: Steve Roy 205/544-0034. ITEM 4a - B-ROLL ITEM 4b - INTERVIEW TRT 4:24 TRT 1:27

Dr. Harry Whelan, Neurologist, Milwaukee Children's Hosptial

ITEM 5 - LAUNCH OF TRMM SATELLITE (special request feed)

********** Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN. ANY CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY ON THE WEB AT ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/tv-advisory/nasa-tv.txt WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson, 202/358-1696, elvia.thompson@hq.nasa.gov During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html For general information about NASA TV see: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/

********** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site: http://procurement.nasa.gov/EPS/award.html ********** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: Brian.Dunbar@hq.nasa.gov ********** end of daily news summary