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Bounding walls

Ramesh Yadav

Department of Mathematics Babu Banarasi Das National Institute of Technology & Management Lucknow

Uttar Pradesh India, 226007

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Abstract: This problems deals the study of velocity profile Dimensionless pressure drop,

of viscous fluid between two parallel porous walls, when the ;

fluid is being withdrawn both the walls of a channel at the Slip coefficient, ;

same rate. A solution for suction Reynolds Number & Large

Stream Function;

Reynolds Number is discussed in this paper. Expressions for

the velocity components are obtained. The governing 1. Introduction

differential equation is solved by using perturbation method

and the graphs of axial and radial velocity profiles have been The Flow of viscous fluid with two porous bounding

drawn. walls is very important prevalent in nature as well as

practical interest in view of their varied applications in

Key Words: - Viscous fluid, Suction Reynolds number, different fields of engineering science and technology

Parallel Porous medium, Slip coefficient, Laminar flow. such as extraction of plastic sheets, cooling of infinite

metallic plates in a cool bath, extractions of plastic

Nomenclature

sheets, liquid film condensation process and in major

The axial distance from the channel entrance; fields of glass and polymer industry. In view of this

The coordinate axis perpendicular to the channel application, a series of investigations were made to

walls measured from the Non-porous wall; study the flow of past a vertical wall. Hasimoto (1997),

Velocity component in the -direction; has discussed the boundary layer growth on a flat

Average velocity over the channel at channel inlet; plate with suction or injection. Avramenko et. al

Wall Reynolds number, ; (2005), has studied, Investigation of stability of a

laminar flow in a parallel-plate channel filled with a

Reynolds Number for flow entering the channel, saturated porous medium. Kuznetsov, A.V., (1997), has

; studied the analytical investigation of the fluid flow in

Velocity component in the y- direction; the interface region between a porous medium and a

Velocity of the fluid through the membrane; clear fluid in channels partially filled with a porous

medium. Raptis, A and C. Perdikis (1987), has studied

Greek Symbols Hydromagnetic free-convective flow through porous

media. Beavers G.S. and Joseph D.D. (1967), has

Solution density;

studied Boundary conditions at a naturally permeable

Dimensionless variable in the direction, ;

wall. Beavers et. al (1970),has studied the Experiments

Viscosity; on coupled parallel Flows in a Channel and a Bounding

Kinematic viscosity; porous medium. Bujurke et. al (2010), has studied

Analysis of Laminar flow in a channel with one porous

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 03 Issue: 04 | Apr-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

bounding wall. Nield D. A. (1994) has studied modeling Boundary condition at the Surface of a Porous medium.

high speed flow of an incompressible fluid in a Das S.S. and U.K. Tripathy (2010), has studied Effect of

saturated porous medium. Ochoa-Tapia J. A. and S. Periodic suction on three dimensional flow and heat

Whitaker (1995a & 1995b) have studied Momentum transfer past a vertical porous plate embedded in a

transfer at the boundary between a porous medium porous medium. Terrill (1964), has studied Laminar

and a homogeneous fluid I & II. Flow in a Uniformly Porous Channel with Large

The study of flow of viscous fluid through porous injection. Terrill (1968), has studied Laminar Flow

channel with rectangular cross section, when the with Large Injection Through parallel and Uniformly

Reynolds number is low was studied and a Porous Walls of Different Permeability. Takatsu Y and

perturbation solution assuming normal wall velocities T. Masuka (1998), has studied turbulent phenomena in

to be equal was obtained Berman (1953), Lage J.L. flow through porous media. In this analysis we have

(1992), has studied Effect of the convective inertia study the effect of Reynolds number on velocity of fluid

term on Bonnard convection in a porous medium. and considered as the fluid is moving in a channel with

Lage, J.L. (1998), has studied the fundamental theory two porous bounding walls in the presence viscous

of flow through permeable media from Darcy to fluid, in different Reynolds Number.

turbulence. Vafai K and S. J. Kimi (1990), has studied

Fluid mechanics of an interface region between a 2. Mathematical Formulation

porous medium and a fluid layer-an exact solution. Let us consider the viscous flow of Non-Newtonian

Makinde and E. Osalusi (2006), has studied MHD fluid between two parallel porous plates, the length of

Steady flow in a channel with slip at the permeable the channel is assumed to be L and 2h is the distance

boundaries. Robinson (1976), has studied the between the two plates, u and v be the velocity

Existence of Multiple Solutions for the Laminar Flow in components in the x and y directions respectively.

a Uniformly Porous Channel with Suction at Both

Walls. Saffman P. G. (1971), has studied On the

Porous walls X

y,

Fluid 2h u(x, y)

Uslip

Porous Wall

L

Fig. 1. The coordinate system used in the solution of the two dimensional steady State flow of Non-Newtonian fluid.

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 03 Issue: 04 | Apr-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

(1)

We get (11)

The equation of momentum is

(2) Or

(3) (12)

The boundary conditions are

equation: and Re is Reynolds Number

Where V is the velocity of suction at the walls of the differential equation and solving by using

channel. Let the dimensionless variable be and perturbation method. The boundary condition of

then the equation 1 -3 becomes are

(4)

(5) (13)

continuity is given by a nonlinear third order

Where, is the kinematic viscosity, and p the differential equation (11), subjection to the boundary

pressure conditions (12)

Introducing the stream function , we know

that 3. Method of Solution

(7)

The non-linear ordinary differential equation (12), we

Introducing the dimensionless variable in equation find the analytical solution of the differential equation

(7) we get subjection to the condition (13) must in general be

(8) integrated numerically. However for special case

when Re and h are small, the approximate analytical

results can be obtained by use of a regular

The equation of continuity can be satisfied by a

perturbation approach. In this situation f may be

stream function of the form

expanded in the form

(9)

Let

From equation (5) & (6) eliminating , then using

equation (8) and (9)

(14)

We get (10)

&

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 03 Issue: 04 | Apr-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

(15)

(16)

(18)

We get (19)

(20)

(21)

(22)

(23)

We get (24)

(25)

Using similar process by putting the value of in above equation (22), (21), (22) & (23) with

boundary condition (17)

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 03 Issue: 04 | Apr-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

We get (26)

(27)

(28)

(29)

Hence the solution of above non-linear differential equation is given below by putting the value of

.

+ (30)

Or

+ . (31)

Objective of the present study was to apply totally the numerical technique and in this paper we solve the non-

linear differential equation (12) subject to (16) & (17) must in be integrated by analytic procedure to use of a

perturbation approach which is consider as power series in the form of (14).

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 03 Issue: 04 | Apr-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

(a) (b)

Fig. 2. Graph between dimensionless variable and fluid velocity in the different Suction Reynolds Number.

(a) (b)

Fig. 3. Graph between dimensionless variable and fluid velocity in the different Large Reynolds Number.

However for we see that increase of Reynolds Number see that the velocity of fluid is major change which is

velocity of fluid increases slowly and then decreases given in the fig. 3 (a) and (b). In this figure we see that

sharply, at different suction Reynolds number velocity of increase of Reynolds Number the velocity of fluid is

fluid is show in small change which is shown in the fig. 2 sharply increases and then sharply decreases. This

(a) and (b) where large change of Reynolds Number we variation is shown in the graph given below.

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 03 Issue: 04 | Apr-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

ASME Jour. Basic Engg. Vol. 92, pp. 843 848.

In this research paper an analytical procedure is [6]. Berman, A. S. (1953); Laminar Flow in a

used for solving the differential equations and the channels with porous walls. Jour. Appl. Phys. Vol.

main objective is to analysis of laminar flow of 24, pp. 1232 1235.

viscous fluid, the effect of Suction Reynolds Number [7]. Bujurke N. M., N. N. Katagi and V. B. Awati.,

and Large Reynolds Number porous bounding walls. (2010); Analysis of Laminar flow in a channel

The enhancements of Reynolds Number, velocity of with one porous bounding wall. International

fluid increase sharply and then decreases sharply Jour. Of Fluid Mech. Research. Vol. 37 No. 3, pp.

for large Reynolds Number where as the velocity of 267 281.

fluid is small changes for suction Reynolds number. [8]. Nield, D. A. (1994); Modeling high speed flow of

The application of viscous flow of fluid is in an incompressible fluid in a saturated porous

engineering and biological problem such as medium. Transport in porous media. Vol. 14: pp

accelerators electrostatics precipitation, petroleum 85 88.

industry, geothermal energy extraction and plasma [9]. Hasimoto, H., (1957); Boundary layer growth on

studies. a flat plate with suction or injection. Jour. Phys.

Soc. Japan, Volume 12, pp. 68 -72.

[10]. Ochoa-Tapia J. A. and S. Whitaker., (1995a);

Momentum transfer Comparison with

References:-

experiment.at the boundary between a porous

[1]. Avramenko, A.A., A.V. Kuznetsov, B.I. Basok and medium and a homogeneous fluid? I. Int. Jour.

D.G. Blinov., (2005); Investigation of stability of Heat Mass Transfer Vol. 38, pp 2635-2646.

a laminar flow in a parallel-plate channel filled [11]. Ochoa-Tapia J. A. and S. Whitaker., (1995b);

with a saturated porous medium. Jour. Physics of Momentum transfer at the boundary between a

Fluids, Vol. 17, pp. 094102-1 094102-6 porous medium and a homogeneous fluid? II.

[2]. Kuznetsov., A.V. (1997); Analytical investigation Int. Jour. Heat Mass Transfer Vol. 38, pp 2647-

of the fluid flow in the interface region between 2655.

a porous medium and a clear fluid in channels [12]. Lage, J.L. (1992); Effect of the convective inertia

partially filled with a porous medium. Appl. Sci. term on Bonnard convection in a porous

Res. Vol. 56: pp 53 57. medium. Num. Heat Transfer A, Vol. 22: pp 469

[3]. Raptis A and C. Perdikis., (1987); 485.

Hydromagnetic free-convective flow through [13]. Lage, J.L. (1998); The fundamental theory of

porous media. Encyclopedia of Fluid Mechanics flow through permeable media from Darcy to

and Modeling. (N. P. Cheremisinoff, Editor), Gulf turbulence. Transport Phenomena in porous

Publishing Co., Houston, Chapter 8, pp 239 262. media (D. B. Ingham & I. Pos, Eds.) Elsevier

[4]. Beavers G.S. and D.D.Joseph., (1967); Boundary Science, Oxford, pp 1 30.

conditions at a naturally permeable wall. Jour. [14]. Vafai K and S. J. Kimi, (1990); Fluid mechanics of

Fluid Mech., Vol. 30: pp 197 207. an interface region between a porous medium

[5]. Beavers G. S., Sparrow E. M., and Manjusam R. A., and a fluid layer-an exact solution. Int. Jour. Heat

(1970); Experiments on coupled parallel Flows Fluid Flow Vol. 11: pp 254 256.

[15]. Makinde O.D. and E. Osalusi., (2006); MHD

Steady flow in a channel with slip at the

FP 2016, IRJET ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal Page 614

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 03 Issue: 04 | Apr-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

permeable boundaries. Rom. Jour. Phys., vol. 51, embedded in a porous medium. Int. Jour. Energy

Nos. 3-4, pp. 319 328. and Environment, Vol. 1, Issue 5, pp. 757 768.

[16]. Robinson, W. A. (1976); The Existence of [19]. Terrill, R. M. (1964); Laminar Flow in a

Multiple Solutions for the Laminar Flow in a Uniformly Porous Channel with Large injection.

Uniformly Porous Channel with Suction at Both Aeronaut. Quart. Vol. 16, pp. 323 332.

Walls. Jour. Eng. Math., Vol. 10, pp. 23 40. [20]. Terrill, R. M. (1968); Laminar Flow with Large

[17]. Saffman P. G., (1971); On the Boundary Injection Through parallel and Uniformly Porous

condition at the Surface of a Porous medium. Walls of Different Permeability. Quart. Jour.

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[18]. Das S.S. and U.K. Tripathy., (2010); Effect of [21]. Takatsu T and T. Masuka., (1998); Turbulent

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