,0 -AN' .

NTRODUCTION

To the Skillo£ '.

~V S tc 1(.

, a brief & plai~ In~,.oJu8iDn· to Mllftci, both tot ;"li"ll- an~ far pl.,i".f QI1 the Ti,I •

. ~ B'. 1- 7'.

rcond , The Arr. 'cf Sttting or c""~{i,,g v1l"I',lc.in P"", ~Y a mon tami1,iar I d ealie . . Rule ot C.""''''p'''''. Formerly publ {bed

: . by' Dr TH o, CA jII P 10M: lSuc nOW re- ~

printed with large Annotations. By .;: ..

Mr.Cllal STO' H. C;YJI. SON, and other' Additions.

~1I, Printed for 1- 7/.,f"'~ & Ire Cold at Jail fh.op in theIancrTcmple, J6,S.

~ ... ':,.

The Plcfacc loail :LOVCES of Mu{i,k.

,

~~~~~ Ill" .. 1JothinK I~". mo,~ ~, tDlJdMttth I, ,h, p"~it

fJ ,nti h,ppi,,;A, of" N.ti,/I , t~ .. n IIJ~l'" e:

J"eAl;on 'f youlh nd ~/,,1;"tll. I_ IN .1",11.

t~t Pbil~ropher "f-'rtlh thrtt .Jl,,, 'I,ti"J'

,,1, I~Ml" tilflf, (Grammar, Mufick,GYIIJnaftick) ,'.14 f" "'lltXtrti/, 1/.6_ ~I '." ~·ii'IJ;fJ.ml {tlllS.j Arms. " ....

". th, ",tini" l ., tbtir Voyces ;" fpeech

.RJ Song: .'MI, 1o I'u, .". fl P"I.'I of .,,,,, ;'" thertfor, IW r_~ [ .. .intI of II/l

IIi,. I, Joe m.it ,"iI '-"~ -Ii .[ ,1Ni, "i,,,.

t """,: J",t "1'.' "tl. MIll t~, jlll.tl, , rt" ..11". S, ,II .. I11III111 'ht IHI ",;", _",6,

~ ,;wili~,. ptt,k J : I.'" .".~ .." 1'"':'

.. "' - . .' 4 - - -- --- I'~.

The Preface

!etti"&1J j" t'irbn- {/Jrrifti't ihtboM tnt Rul~ 4wd . ptO(Ci'pcs of A't. Q!!i,htilian fl.r;uzh j thill' (_) fdh1Wnr~ ca*1-Jrit ~f 1'($8 ",iJhIJut MQji ''';ilj~d that 1'n. hit tinlt toe {ante m~» t1m~m, ~otfJ; . and cOldlu./f;/J Ihr /pf'ciaU ntCfjfi:y tlufeu!itJ Ih~ [.; ffd;nc~ l~f (/}:'/ri"'f J, p~111J fr.CllJ i;j ifat!ti'jJO de" i/~'-:llt, .1.nill'~':/)./;oin tbt tJfiC.lC] It hst]: in moVI;' 1 Jfl'eJ lil/iS and '1,)t,.tatS~ It Afro conductlh

(" . . "

71iu,IJ to lilt' /)( ;lith Dj' I ht lod.], f~r jin,gzn"

. U .i /ptci~dJ means l.a" cleor andtflY~ng,htn tb» .

L:, /././o, jutl" "If e[irn fX~i,j{,. tlui; VQT!t and .... L ";"S 1J((,.l xot frare Atihrna or . Con .. . Iumprioa, and It IS',A/fO a "·n()~RttmrdJ.· 11:~.JhJJ1 Lin- i",ptc.!J.mtIJI· of (pt,eh ,;.u jl4i'Ullt- :'

I. , oiil and l1:Jd t6iln snce. Venerable Bcda ]

,

"'ii', J~"( : IJar );'0 Science"bratvlufick ; ~y tntt, 1'1i t?t:.'" f S uf I ht chw rb ;fot b, it wi' prJJyf, lind . il .Ji J' {I,~ ( .rea·.or:af tbt "~/orld. This u{t .iei . t l: ' ~ 'rl~~ iostJ Ki'~J. David (chr me» llfttT Gods

~ t;it I. hr art )mJfi ,,1 it Ifho J)"j.r a sloiUfulJ p'4&'"' "/0 t. ,,. P:« .. II aha. I I. prllJ'nfl tJtlJH All/pelt., ftt to 'p J ·.~1lr .. :J at)" Eloquent /J,Jd lYtajeflf("k r\ ! .\, . ~ n ~ 'nhz'Cb h;l]}f!~f r .r()'ftlPrt/~ rJ. h~t~ fo7'.lhe .: .' .: (. ; ''t ':Cl' (! hu !l.14t:GIU·j;i-,d,,~b fJ hadtlolle ,

~. \It i'A/~ t", 1:1111., allli J#4J IG 'tmAJ"n~ JOT·. - ,C>1. ~l.liO"Si'4lnJ .P.JttlrhS, 10 be lesr-

. . ntd

· ... . to th'i~eader. .

lira and exe1ci{,d, IJlIa t1fJitAleJ ~f C)4tls ptflpkJ in aU Jf ~t'S and Lan.guA~tS tlJ the tn4 of t~~ ''-'Hid:' 7bt' t'x.mple o/,Iwhich,. many Chriflt~1J

l7l'inCfr, Kin~s, and E.tnperOfl."s·, dld.toOo~ "ilh li~e Z :'Al~ .snd Dtv,ti~n. Gunna nunc the

'Ii

grear fiw the bonOllr ~f Dtvi,Jt Seruu» bt~4n

th« church S-OrJ/!.. ' Thcodotius [h.t· Ernpe ... rour in flu mi(Jl ~t th~' Con,~1fgJ.tIC. did Ilk' .. wi{e/taJ in fiJ1,~i/~,~ tbr Hsmns u=to God. Ti t Emperour J1111lnian tdtl himj'r/(t' 'Cilmpofo a Song, which IJr,\!an, The.oncl y llCg nelt S n and 'Word ol G id, ana t..u~ it to thr church of Conlfl1 nrinople to h~t' SUtl!;. ,A/flj to &Om~ - ~. esrer our Timts , Ih~ a.1JperO~r Charles th; ~fch~ (irnamed the Great" whrn[otVtJ: Itt r.sme to an) cjuy, h! 'PtAt to tb« Pialrnodi ,!-nd ang hin"lJr/ft : dPp()'intif,J~ t» bl4 {~nljtS ~4nd '::

her },I'IIIC:'S rhf L "tlor;,sl.to 1)"(' [an~. LtluTPtfe ~n~:y the eight King;()f Eng rand, did not

fitly Jing hit p.lrt fuyf', 6ut,(.u Era fmus ttflirs to bit kI1Qwl(~~t.) dic/"Comryo(" a /eriiicr CIt 4. AIIJ 6.. pArts: N. }:htY 1IIdI eM tlfick 1: ,firan1!.ff 1"" Land m~nJ hundr,rd o.f,eJ.Yfs hffOrt hit ·,"Dt, Jif_1ft ow' A,1cr/fars.ttl Jt,( tJ)4t th« B,.i,-:ins had M.lji,ialJs !J!/art tbty fiji B()oks ; dna e ROmj1JS ('PI. 0 1'(rt /')1t :00 /orw;zrd to m4,~~

.A. ~ TJiJ~'~

,.

~Thel~rc£aee

npt ,tl tt N ~t;tJ.f· to"f~r, tit 1!'u;tI, ~n~ 8.Art/1 hAd 61Jtr Ih~ ,"plts 'i,8;,,,, '" Rteor"i~g;1I Songs tilt Dtn/$ "J Jlno,,1l S,;rits, rb,;r wr, ' Lawes lin. Religion htiJl1- {.nl ;11 r.nfS, 4nJ {o .,itbDIM lett« s ,,..nfmillttJ to pOft,,.;tj: rh, Dukeot V cnofa , • latt It,};AII "in". C""pt{t. ·"'.IIJ ,,,,,11111 r." $0111.'. 71'. Lsndgreve of Htffen .bo of I,tt".· ',miS "tII

{. ,x&,Itllll, l.iL'd;h Mufick , _'AI htl Compored 9· Dr 10. Sft. Df Motets .tna' Antherns , ( ilnd IDr bil 7/,,'1.1;011 11111 hil D7iP'~' Qrglnill)) : ill btl C;'~pptl.Man, mill ptrfDNS of Honor hllJt · tttn ~udi01U ;n' 'Mu!ick: it IIP,.ld ~o.r .I'-Rt Y./urnr 10 TtblaTtt ~U r",t b.vI /;,tlf ~t til.'''' prI1J{l" 4nd Jlnt,'1""] ~f Mufick, .Jllth ~h.'

1'~'t.atbt,.(J 6.t Df ttt Si,.i,ltn'i, .nJ .1{. ,"e 'ltD1 A'I '6/ th« .A .,;tll' Fatht'ri" Hifiorians Philoiophcrs .naI'Qtrs. Henricus Stephanus 7/po1tt:b, Ih~t htt rd.;,. Lon.-. L"" ,1t4,ltfl hy l1ltAr ID bfA" Mufick, Elianul WTilts, ,b~r of AU 'Be'IIftS IbtTt II IIOnt dUal if "" ~'t/i!.liltd Wil" c.M'Ifidt but ,,,-I,,tbt .AI' J It,.. ;~.( Ib~Tff(Ji" \t1,~"ni(JUI Rilla") ,til M,J1"iCU4 anti (~!"flt4" e;tIrl,Jor lbt AllrilJ,,;tit, r. the ..,I,.,:bors. th,1.i4rl0U4 Il{cs .,111 tJl;Rs tim-.

0,1) ,h"'IJ~~1: ns 'f"aY1U16 .fl-lfJ~lIs,M(/Dei, .n. HAr-

, . mUIi],

to ·rlte 'Reider.

~~" ~~t~ t"~, J.~tt ~",.'nts ~ 6,1111 ,'".~ ."J .""IIL) ".,h ~!tJ". 6,,'11 6,. '" I.",t tfI_,. ';'.t;."~' rJ,",JDTt,llo[t, _6, ,r, iAWrl 'f;,

""I.uill c.M.p,. t, H lIN I.;(t 'f .od , 1't lilt oth" ,. gr.'ts ,,,.\:htMPts, it ;,,,., giw" ", ,., IJle : TbtJ Ih d .iM hllJt it 1IJ~1 "Mh ;1 II fb,. with ,., hA'IJ.r l.j.p,,1 O'1"l i" P'f,a(~ tilt iww.t;,IJ' ~"'\".rItIJ .f ,i#[*' .A~iJS. ,,,. 'tfti." It;lIg 1111 f' ,.,IJ Jlw·. III",' fir·'

",nll CO."Ir]tl '1I1M,J"t" ... II' ~;Ih ho es If ;Dp,.8;,,., {tIT Ihit'Dj'lJi",S,,;,~.f Mllfttl;

.. II." "1U1 ktnt pr_nir. in ,,,. N.ti." IT, ,,,lj lIN .,.,bJ of pt"lIfoU» viz .• A_I'. MOrleye~ ir ,roti"~""."r' lIfr. ~n. Dom~ I '~M.»u lers 1'1;neitlrl .f Mllftd pr;nttJ An. 9)Qm.1 6J. loth oj _"It MIt 'IJ"!1_,.tI!!/,.rtlt,!Jt .. r.intl, h, rt4{on rht illlpr,JIi ... 'f ,II,,,, ."t to.X flllre

[aiel e.8;rhn-r/".e Cou,tl"",.t"" balJlnt{ IA~I, /;ttntltprtJ ",fo.,',M .. fltrr t, ',;1Jt tht Scale

of Mukck,.r Gatti- Dr, in It h4/ft ",ftr ~f Pol' pt" ttl pM' in. SIWn-S B'o;~, rtt {atJf lilt pAl." Dr ,,';1'111 ; "bj,b I ;lIltnlitd Dnly to h''L'e Jon,; ~ut .po" {t'~n. ,IIOMghl$ J "IV • .turtd mj millll,.1111 ", •• e 16, .fJ.ili, •• f {mit ntl;g." pillin Rul,I for lilt It tter .nJ~fliI.tJ;,,~ IhtTt.f~ ~,,~ tbt btl,t'f ~g;jjIllTJ !lotb/or SOIlX IJnd ri·

A 3 IlJ,

",

,11. ,I "nFt/Je, m!n b~t}~,. 4~J~ th~n mv ("IFe mil.~t ,h~w. r; .,.,~d Illy psins, /'ut :IJfif /1";I.it~iJ", .fj,J m) -l!;h f htitJ.1. ~'", I c rnsei u ~ U '1 ,,! Ili» { to 4?P~l" i(l'p.litJ~ aJ'J~; ta rl1J~'l J 111 ,~tl'''} ~J.th pr4t me "PJf' th~ wi-k», w'Jl'.h [ eJ!J 1:,'U!"Y u:,.fufl., th3U~h with tb~ ds 'l~tt 8f IJ1t b(~fJ ... ~ fa w(il tlJIJ',(U tbe, ~~~b! b.1,1); p~rform~d u. 'lJu ~ ~l~s of', A 'i.- 41'tS O~,(&t to bt d'!liv~l'ul in. p!Ji" and britft IJnzu,~f.~' 41Jd flot "trh jlJw!.rs of 6Iat'jJ,;!n(( ; And{o filii JYJrt:! it' msr« r.ttJbl~ to 11J1 ,;-bila;flS. :

, int WJYr aI i: iI· f '~!J~ ClJnffff~ is I't~t 'a'J ,,'11 oane , [onu pl.rt ofi~ w"tS '(JU~R(d au: of o:luy Nuns IlIri&in,gs,_, whic" 'l'hdpewiU lh~ mQ'i com-: '7IJtnd it: an l the 6,1~tJ, pliJinntf!(, tJ i u[t!,.'In n~ rbt*r mlly b~f.'tt. ,,&C~p~,!nct jpiu rhu~' ~ wID encaur 4~t m~e rD doe ~htt msre [eruice in siber Ihi,tJgs oiLhit fI,tur.t.

Thine to the utmofr

of his endeavours,

.'. ~.Gw.:.~~~~~~~

I ~r~~~~u~~~f.!fl·

C' ,

I

, A .~AB·LE ..

of tb« (evtT1(/ mstters tJntAillld ifJ

"I!;" BIeler. •

. "

.Ca A P .1. Of [he SC4/1 of M.p,k,.clll:d th~ q •••

r. Nt, and t)f t~e DriginAIi, and [he urCl;H:rOf,

. . age J.

CHA~.II. OfCb~'f;';ff,crClt.lI"J' ,6e umber

and ufe. 8.

fH A ~ • I~J •. For ~ ~e .7'r~;"l you . ~'tl' or t~c_

I r,nowmg the plJces -fl,.r /ifJll/ln

. ~ thdr f ''If''.'' Kr;I' . .: 1 10.

CH A P. IV. Rule~,for tbe 'A.~i yoyr 1(1"/ ia

any CIJff~. ' 10.

CH A r. V. Of T.,,,,, or Til"" of ~ttl 14'.

Of Ctlr'/lna Vi!eo,.J,. IJ.

e H A I' f VI. Of Nlltl their 1.V....l1Itl and I'r~p,,,,;_,,,

I their RIfts witt. din:tbor.s t\)[ kc=tpin,

'1 illlt. 16.

C H " P. V I 1. Of rhe four ft'YlU" c..:«,,,h . 18.

C H A'. VIII. Of tbe F;fI' c..M."~1 ufed by rhe

.A Ilci,., 9r.,; •• , 23.

CH A'. JX. A fable fcning forth the names of the 'H.!'II i.Q IU 11/ .. 8 C"/I,' 27- CHAr.

j,

A Tlble &c"

. .

CON ~., X. Of 7"";., 'he 1'..,,-', ,.~ •.• g.

'~ 'S'''l' f~r the firfl 711";"1 the 1;",_ to wh;ch is added Come (bore "'''11 or

~1"11 f,r b("ginners~.· 3S.

']);"D;".J ,If' ,hll"'1'''1 cn r~e J';'1l ,. 0 •••.

'..' I' 4 r,

A T.~" wherein I yong Itlrner .,.y find all hi.

. 7("", on the 'i~O C:9Ch« lUI or !\'~r, Iccording "fO (be 1./'" of lh~ g ..• ',·.f, t~t' art p'lccd ~ the III

. ' ,]1""1' afh" ru' ' 4'.

'Dj"Q;'111 for ,be r"",., It, 'TrIll,. r~. or

8.1' n .. , 'lJ, G'-" II thcYllr~ u-

. {(dO in t .n,. 19.

Shorr L,/.., for 11"''''rl.o dae .6.,,0' 7 ....

. ,.,,,,..1. -, !I .

• , I.' T"III, THli, t wida dirc.ttioal for 'le r .. ~~r~.~ , ~ •

.l

I

.~s~~tfJsar2n •• VL es F b 7(, sO:J(g~

C HAP. t

III' •

of tbt Sca/( of M, S t c K, NUtJ'h~

G" 'IU

. am~' r. ..

" .!.

He GA:M.UT is theGrou Id

botb . Vocall and I In IU· , m'eot~11 ; ,and as " "III,b04 pA,&hp reporrerh , 1t wat

. . . '. com~ed by ~Gu;tIi .,Artf; about the year ,6qJ. who alfoIn fix (yl_ (:5, which he found in the fir{\: Sa.pblCkc 'he Hymn of 5. ]'~\.n~it 64ptiJlA ~ faith.

, .

I 'Urqcu.lIt lllxii'R£{.n,t {l6,.

M/rll gfflo,um P:Al'lluii ''''''If''' . SOLve pD/Mt; LA;;i "AI8",.

Ir is fuppofed hee drew Ihous names of . e Notes, v;,,_ Ul',RI, MI, f", SOL, LA, hich were fo g~nerally taught and pra, d in the r ame order, afccnding and de- .

. 11 fcendinz

2 :An IntYru/uf1ion ttl

fcending .: but in thefe larrer times, fowre of them ale onely inufe , which are Sal, LA, MI, FA; fo that UT .. and Ra, are changcd into So L L" and there fowre being foun~l\ t~.) bee fuffictcnr tor [h,e, expn:ffing ot rhc lcvcrall founds, and Icfle burrbcuforne

to the mc!nory. " '

BcfiJes thtic names of the Nottr, there is ufed in the G .. M'- UT [even Lcrtcrs~f the Alphabet, ,,~i,ch a~e fer atrhe beg nnj'l~goteach Ru'e and.Space.as GAB. • D. E. I~. and of rhefe there are tlfree s~p_ tensrits ,afccndiIlg one above the,d~her, G. being.pur fir11, w~i,ch is accorai~g to the rhir.i ~:tter i,n the Greek ~lphilbet calle~ I 6,n-ima, and 1S made thus 1" JI1 token th~t the firn,dcri varicn thereof was. from the

ancient Greeks. " .

Thcfe feven L'cttcrs of'rhe Alphaber are ca Hc'd rhe [even ('I'1f(s, . or .more prop. rly (l,,,,~~"s,ti)(: urhe,r I1a-01C:S or fyHablcs ad joy .. ned .ro rucru , cl.c.Notcs ; And by thclc three St'p(t'liao\.'~ are Jilhnguithcd the Ievcrall roncs or f0unJs., w~lch the Scale is divided into: Pirl] the B?lD't, which is th~ lowell part; [he fccond the M ('nt~or mid-

, dIe

n~sl;u"f Mujl"~ . j

dle part' ; the t~ird, the Trthlt, or hjghe~ parr,. forhat ac~~rding t~ thefe three Stp .. ttIJIIYttS, GAm-ut liS the loweft Note, and EI,. [he hjgh~A:. Anfl this the ufuallGiSm-uts In Mr • .Morlty andorhersjdo not exceed; bue it is well knowne tnat there -are man, Notes in ufe , both above and below exceed tharcompars, both in Vocall and In .. Irrumental! 'Mu4~k, and therefore ought not to bee omireed , for the COlllpafs' of Mufick ought not to be confin'd:for trOUgh there be but three Stpttnaries in the am u& of the Alphabe·t;which expre~e th Ieverall founds, yet i' occafion rdquires , 'you m~y afcend one more higher, for it is but the fame again, onely ~jght Notes hipher; or if occafion re~uire, you may defcef~ lower then Gam·ut 'anoeher Septtllarit, they will be the fame to rhofe above,onely eight Notes lower, and it is ufaall to diftinguifh themrhus ,

Thofe above Ela are called Notes in Alr, as F fa. ut, and q {il re ut, Icc. in .All: And rhofe below Gam'" are called do"~/e Notll , as Douhle F fa ut,E.tA ",;, &c. as being Eight. or Diapll{ofJs to thofe above qam·.~,·1 have

I B z. chc~eforc

, 4- All imrlJllflHIJ t.

therefore in rhe ClAm-II' of this Hoole rx': pretled them is their right places: The, qam-ut.is drawne upon fourereene R,Jt1, 8110 their SPAltS, which comprehend all N orcs or founds ufuall in lMllji,cKe either VtJcaH. or Injlr.ment40,~hough when any of rhefe parts which)t is divided in~o.,com~ro be pnckt out by it {elf~)fi~e lines is on ly

utuall , as being fufficiene 10 conraine he compafle of NOftS thereto belon~ing,if there be a Note that extends higher, it 15 ufuall

to addc a line in that place. with a pen. l' f')r Leflons for the OrgAn; yj,gillAUs,or H 1 [WO {laves of fix lines together Ire require , one for the lefe t and or lower ~eycs) she 0- rhc r for the right or ,upper Keyes.

Therefore he that means to undtrftand what hce flngs or pla yes , mull fiudy to be perfect in rhe knowledge of the o/,,,,...t, and to have it p(If~tlty in his memory without boose, both forwards andbacke , and to difiinguJfu c!tifs and Nltes, in Rult and in

I Splef; tor by kno~ing the '1(oltl places.their , names arc ('afily known.

I~ '[bi, Scale or GAm- ul hath three Columns wI- ich (hew the names of she Notes afcen-

. din~

I . ntl~k;lI.f Mllfl'lt~ , . .

ding aDd dcrcending in their feverall Keyes: the firA Column.e is called B D.,.lil or ~

: {harp,as having nolfIat i~.!Jmi)5l. then your notes are called as they are there fet down: the fecond is Bpro~r,or B Nat~,lil which hath a B fiat in B.~ onelyahe third iscilleci J f. or B MoUAYiI,having tWDJ,fl.I~theone in J",i the other i". E ·IA ",;" & in there three obferve this for a Generall Rule, tharf-hat name the Note of.:any Key hath , the fame name properly hath his eight above r be .. low him, be irqithcr in -rrebJc, Meine,

or 13a {fee / . .

There is an.oldl!Me~tel, ~h?ugh .nol~cry common, yet It comarnes tn It ~.ny uhy .

Rules of the Theories part ofMufick, hich are worthy to be Ci>bfcrved of rhofe who are yong beginncrs~ and as itfalls in our (ever,ll Chapters l {ball infert it i it begins thus:

~~-

\ .

To ,tt';nt the skiD qf lJujitis Jlrt,

L',rllt Gam-ut "p~A"d JOJllnt" lit"., , TlltTlh, to Jt.r~ yoJr ltllUS MId If.ttS , Nlltf 1I~11I'S Are_ ~JJOW1J kno';l1~ '/Hir tlUts.

. II 3 'TN

rht 'Sk11J ofMllji{~. , 1,

Second Tabie oJthe S(4k or gil,."t, ill which every ~cy or Note is put in his proper place agcordingro the tWO fig ned Cleaves of, the Balfe and' Trebl(', a{c(:ndi~g from the Ioweft Note of the Bafle , tojhe ~igheft in the Tre-

ble, : ~

_::-=m-~:_-=l=t~-§-l- =,~-~

_t_ __ ,~_-...._ ._..._-..-f-:----'-_

--- --~. ---,10---- --- -------+0_

-=:;._---- ---- --..._;__..._ _....... .......-_----..._

Dla[ol E'la Fra~t 'GJ~/,tut l,mirt

---~--'--I:::±::--~-' -m- --4

=e' ==i== =~--::: =--A. -- - .,.

. ,_ '. _' -v- ----t¥-- -X ' -

- .- - ..... -- 1 - ,-- .......... .._. ---

f& ut G iol re ut .A ~lJmi re s fA

A --~ .. - J

.=t~' ~=~:'::=:=:=t:== '

-= ==== =::::--= =~

-- ---- --- .,.---:---- ---:---~

fa mi re B f4 b mi Orolfa itt D fa {ol re E 14 mi

·+---~~-~l~--I-~~

~:~A- =i- =_t =, -. -, t= ~~ =

=.:y= =-= =--~ === : - :: --::

mi ct« ut D (ol r~' E I. mi !" fA ut G {ol re ut

:-~:. :l-~' --~ .. --~ --~~==

o_---._ _ __

-::i):~- - ~- ~-- . ,--

c !~ .. tli-DD (olrt EE IA~i"FF fA 'ul Gamut.A re

13 4 ' Chap

. hmi C[o If.
-- .... -
--
- r:
_I-._A iW
" .. C ·H A P .. I I.

. .

OfIht Cliffs" CUIf,)(s •

. .

-

IN the GA,.,.·"r (as I [aid before) is con '

ned three Stpttn"rirs of Letters.which G. A. B. C. D. E. ·F .. there feven Le are fer at the beginning of each Rul Sp"t, and are called thefeven clt,svts ; tht{e {even, four is on~ly ~ruall: Ithe 6 11: the F fa uf C lm», wh ieh IS onel~ proper the Baile, or lowef] parr, and is thus Ii' or mlfk~d!fa The Iecond is the eft. "hi .. :h is proper to the middle , or parrs, as Tenor, Counter-Tenor, or Me lind he is thus figned or markt. i,The thi u the G /01 re lit Cleave J which is only' per t. 'the Treble, or h ighcfl, and is fig or marked rhus ~

Thefe rhree Cleaves are called the rh ligned Cleaves , becaufe they are alway trc at rhe beginning ofevery line of a 500 or Lt'{1Jn; for CJtaVt is derived from c .'1..11, which lignifits a XtJ, for Dythis Key the

. places

The Sl~l Df M:lft(l. ,

of'all the NOles" 10 the Song Ire

nown. .

. The fourth ~$ tb~'lJ clt,Vfs, ~hich is pro(0 all parts, as, being of two naruresor perries , that it,1 to lay, Flat and shup, and doth oncl y Cc.,rve for that purpOlft for the .flatting and fharping of.Notes and

therefore hee is called Bfll, B ~i : rl:lB r. igmfies ~/4t,the l! 1fJj SIJa,p. T e Bfa 01' B

.st, isknown by~~~ marke L an the B mi,

h.c h is (hArp by t~is *. '.

Bat there two(Rules' obfervc oft~cm

both: .Firft the B f. or B fl.: doth alter both the name and property of the Notes before which he is place4." and they are called FJI,

~.king them halk a tone or found, lower

then they were before. '

Secondly, the JJ mi or B fb4rp alters the properly ot rhe Notes before which he is placed.bur not their names; for hee is o(u" ally placed either before fA or {Dl, and

they reraine their names Gill, cue the! .. foun4, is rayfed halte a tone or found high-

er.

CHAP

]0

eA n I ntr~tluaiDn tlJ

C HAP III.

eA In irfe Rule for the proovin.~ th~ Notes in'alJJ

_ ... - . ·Svng or Lej]on.

Flrfl: ob~crv.c ":ith. what. C/(a'L'e yo.ur SO.rr

or Lenon IS hg~cJ wtCh at rhe b~gln

be above, you mut] begln ar G (ul re r, and affi.~'·le ro cvcryIpace and Rule a Kry accordin~ (0 yCi~r GJm'ut ,afce.hdin'g till you come ~n rne t\.'Jieor Space whetc the Note Is fer: It" a No-c b~Iow your CJtave, then' you. mu It prove downwards to him, faying your G.lm u: backward , affi6ning to each Rule and Space a Kry, till you come to his place. So :hat by this knowing what K~y of Yi)l.H G.J,ifJ· ut your Note is fer in, ~()U will eafi:y k now ius narnc , [he next Chapter dirt:ctlng yuu an infallible Rule-tor ir,

CHAP.

II

,

C HAP. IV .

. ontlf)ning II plaint and tt1jit Rule for the TJ,,_

mingyour !i0I~S in all) Cleave.

Aving oblcrved.the fore- going Rule of prooving your, Notes to know their laces, you may calily know the~ameslal- 0, if you follow [h~s Rule : Fir ) obfcrve that ri is the principall or rna er Note, which leads you te), know all the othC! ~ . for havin~ found out him ,.the other f 1- lowes upon courfe ,! and this Mi hath is being in fowr Ieverall places, but he is but in one of them at a.eime , his proper place is ip:S mi : but if a iJ [A,which as a B flat (as is mentioned in cha, 2.J be PUt in his place, thenhe is rcmovediruo E fa mi, which is hisfecond , but if a B fiat bee placed there alfo, then he is in his third place, which is .If I. m; .Tt; if a ~ jl.t come there alfo, then he is removed into his fourth place,which is D IApl re, fo that in whIch of ehefe he is, the next Notes ~bove him afcending , are

F.

11 /" All IlItr..nIliDIJ t. .

-

T 4 [01 ls, F M f~ll. twice, and then you mt~~

with 'yo~r Mi _gaine, fru: hee is tound bur once In c.ght Notes: In like manner, the Notes nexrbelow him defcending, .aIr L •. {olf.,L.folf., and then you bave-your.A(; againr: 1 fuall heer infere me eld Metter, with feverall examples of the Notes, for she more esfie undcrOlnding thereof in the (cvcrall places. .

NI m~n t." jng trut .t Orl ft..(ht 'f Jtnl,g, h, lI.nu S IJil1(.ltJ .riJ.. hi ;

. H'hi,h rD. o.i! kAT'" if,b.t Jor Mi

'1'D" /enID? ",lIt" tr, it ht. .

1. lIlh.:,,' jl.t /;t ftt ill B,. . ""',niMtb., pl.ujf4J1Jtlh JOllY -

- r:-a~ Example: ~§ 0 t ~=~===t

Sol IA ,AI; J. Sci La l' sol .. ' .

•• ~ut if ,Itn' B .I,.t /;t fld.!, rl1'1J E ;, Mi ~,{urt (Jf Ib4t.

Examp.

'fhl Siij" MIII'I. - 11

ExamplcFtJt§2! : t :~; ~I

sol i. fA stil I" Mi f, sJ.

a. r{ "6tth. ~ FlAt;ycll1' B I,iJd E~, Thrn A i' M.i bttr J'. rn.; {tt.

; ~ -, -~

EXlmplc:~:::=.. :~ _

.: _ L. lVi f" {oi I. ". fol I,.

4- if 1.8./"""I,t, E,A,"~ B,

Tbtn Mi J,ne JOlb fl.nJ in D.

- fl' .

. Eum. i!~:gtj !&H §~~1~f:I

LAf, [01 Ls Mi..JA {tl14

I,

The p,.J! ,b"" NIttI J;~ ,our Mi,

Art fa folIa heer ,DU ""J Jet;

'(be nt xt thrte I4nM' Mi ,th.t [,,/I, 'Twm la Col fa you ,ug/s, II "D.

ix. itA g]~;~§~:~I~ f:i J

,s,ll" mi fa {oIJ,,/,{tlf,,14{Q1fAmi lilfolf~

\

IJ

14 An, [lJtroduRi,n to '

1/ ,'oul fin._'{ true ,without flU 6/4mf, Tu:.e.('J,!/ ",u, Eigbts 6J tht {&mt name.

s.t IJ ~J SuI Sol ftJ ./.1 role

---·------·~---~---tr@ :£- .. -~---

_- ,--1..\---.y..----Y.-- V =i

E. . --1. . --- -- -- -- -

...... - - . ---~------- -_--'-_-

X " .. ,--------' -t\'----v-- __ -4.. __ - -_-=

__ .... - , A-_,.-\--______ _ (. ~ -:l,-

," v . ------ ---'---v--

S~,' /A fa [fJ/ Sol fa /,j fo~

--_ .. _- _.--- --_..,----

C HAP. V.'

Of1'oms, or TUnES oj Nott1.

OBfcrvc that the two B. Cleaves be~~re . ' mentioned ~re ufed U:~():lg for the Flat-

'tlng J nd Sharping Notes, ! ne B flat ,11 nacr"h lil! intof4, ' rnak inz bi111 a Svrnitonc

~ ~J

or h.l;tl.: a Note low. r : and. [he B (harp

raifc:t 11 u.e Note befo: c w hich L~ is r~r halle a To; " or found hir h. f) but alu rs not their name S , 10 that from (flli co Fa, and likewire it, va l» tof~ is Lut halte a I'one , or an in1p::rfcCt Iccond which is called a Se-

mite 111.', betwecne any [\VO other Notes is a wh .lc Tone, or found, as fromJa co [0/, from

, , ~ Th,t 'skii/l of Mujicf. J S from Jut to la, an~ from lalo Mi, are whole '[onts, which is a perfed found, And this may be eafily di ' inguithed if you rrie it on, the frets ot a'i"lOl. you Il all perceive plainly that there goe~ rwofrers [0 the fioppiJ1g of a whole Note, and but one fret [0 a half Note; fo that i~ is obferved that ,ifj- and

,fll doe Icrvc for ~;he flatting or {harpirp: r he (-the. r ordinary Notes in the Scale.and 1 L~y bl'; i'g r!ghrty undcrflood , the other Notes

are (aiily appl) ed to [ht:~l; t,(:f ~t G It r~ ut have aillarp ftt before hun, it lsA a m: It fl r, a no 11 mt fla f is .A re ii aql, and . t 1J!:It. fharp is 'lJ f~/. re ~ar, t,{.c:. as ~)Clng of one aq,d the fame f<!>und. And it is oblervcd

that a Di1p~Io/~ d,r p<.'rf~Ct eJghr COlltaines fi ve whole [ones and rwo halte tones rl ar

I .

is in all the Ieveri narurall founds) or orcs

betides the g~'ound, what !tats or nlar~

Io ere there be •. i: .

.F~r a 7J,[eollr[e·Qj' Cordr, 4nd~i[,ords,! {LaO

gr.elJ n4me them; .

Concords, 4

Perfell Cordes arc there, a firh, eighth, . with their Compounds or OCtaves.

Impel"

16 .Ail IntroauEliQIl r' ,

Imrcrfetl Cords are there, a third.;~ fixth,with their Compounds,all other dIit: snces reckoned from the: Balle arc Dif-

cords.

------- -'-- ---_._--------------

C HAP.

V I.

'f1,t Nlrt1, tIJt~" IIAmfS, pr~p'rt;Dnr, Al1d rhti; R Jt Dr pa:J(rSj wit h airtfl ilnr fOr

- ktrpj~g 7im'~ 1

Th~ Norcs, Their Rc'ns or Pa . res.

z-z. &:1' ~tr.v ," s« -" ... I.C .... ~4"n. ""'114.'" •
• 4 ) a .- a .,
<
I:J -~ • P1 -<)- .~ ~~ ~ . ~ ~
, ,., I
I • J ~
I
.-1 =-
--
. . 1 . I' f J.11' C h

s

t JI}~'-"'I

------_ .. ~ - -

1_" '3 ... dU"

I, T, is to be obfcrved , that Notes have , ... 0 n~rll (.'~onc For Tune,as sol l» mi fA; the orncr tor T ime , or prolongs rion ~ffounds,:ts I. the L·srgt,l.rhe Lon,g,3" the

~,itft

· '

, . tbtSkiOofMuftck. , 1'7

Britft, 4. the st".,ilwitJt, 5 .rhe Millim,6.the CrOl'thtl, 7.the !2..1IIIJ;r, 8. the St1lfi'l".1Jtr.and rbefe cigh~"Notel are thus diftinguifh ed j rbe LA"~~~ :~being the fun: and longeR: found, the rcft.:~stl1e~ follow one another are half the proportion of tbe Note before him, The Stmilwitfbt:ingrh~ mafietNore; for in SongsorLeffons, all Times a c. kept to his value, ,whi-ch is th~and' p and down. If it ber LOR!, (whic is a Note of Augmenrarioo it 15 towr S ibrufs,which j~ [he hand fow,e rimes up and do~e : If , Notes of Diminueions, as. Minims a C,.Dlla

cbets; Then flJch a proportion of the as amount co the value of one Stmihritfe is • Time, which is ~hc hand up at one Minim,

and downe at [he other. '

There Notes 'have ofremimes a dimlnurion.or addirion of a pricke which followes then:t, which is for t~e continuing Or prolonging of the found ot ,liat Note u: follows, and the prick is halfe as much as the Note which ie tollowes: for example, jf a prick bee fet after a Semibriele , rhae prick addes a Minim more to him, and the Semibriefe which "~s before hUtl.Minims

~ is

18 - ., , ' " ,. 'ii'J1f.1.troti .. m,n to ',-'" ' "P1';'1 is now made' to contain three Minims; the . like is to .ehe other Notes.

Example:

The 1I{1I,o M(J()"s m'J not bur hl1!J fl , IlJrhtm much cunning dDtb(onpr.

C HAP. VI I.

of thl MODelS Dr prppiWtions of th~ Timf,

or '!'ta{urt of NfJtts.

THere are- foure Moods, rhar is to fav, the pt,fra of tht c..More, The Ptr[tB ·of the lil~, "1 he Imp~rf'Ef of tilt Mort, The Imp6rfta of the L.rD t : all rh~fe four have ,lxen of much ufe 10 former times) but what lite:

lOO

, 7f" 811' " M91I~, 1-9

lire Mailen ofMu~¢k hiv,e <:ornpQftd ,irher for Voice or ~nftrum~nr, t ,~akc ufe onely of the two latter; ~~.ar isto fay, the lmptrftfl of tht MlJr" the rtllptrftR of th~ LdltJ one being Clll¢i,J rhe Ttjpl~ Ti[Qe,.,r~e other the duple, or COrtllll0D Time l how~'\'~r I .will give you the definition \)f all. Ioure In their order, and bee more la e u ron the cwo Ianer', becaufe cpf moft fe

to all YO"g Pra~iri,nerl. ,

The ~trft8 (Jf t,h·~ ,Mort is ,Wh~h ,11 go ,

th~~e ) as three Lq>ngs to a LIT ' rhree Er,efsi. to a Long, *hrec Sembriets to . a _ ric:f,three Mini.at! to 'a S embri~fe,and hit

19nc or markc 15 rhqs °3. J' ,

Ex.'mple.

-rh, p~ftfl tf,be M"',~ ,

~ ~t:U:1 6 0 ::.l ,! II It l f

~ ~ ~ .....,.. '"'V'" ~

1=1 9 ~ . • t It 1

The '"!tSt{,hl £tg't, is when all _ge by . wo, tsctpt Ih. StIBbricfes, al '''0 I:ongl I Large, to !riefs to I Long, dlree Scm .. riefs ~i a :Bri~e, two Minims to a Scm-

C s briefe,

1Q .:-:An illtTlihSiDn to -

briefe, &c. and his figne or mar ke is made

thus ll) J.' Example.

The Pe,{t8. ,of1he L1Jf.

u ! 1- tot· .' :'l

~TTl

The Imptr{rfl ~ftS,t Morf,is when all goes by-two, except the Minims, which gOe~bY three; as tWO Longs to a Large; tWO Br ef lo.a Long, two Sembriefs to& B~ief, eh ee MInIms 10 ~ Sembri~fe,· with a Ipric;kc of ~ugmcntauon (elr~ It would not bear the proportion of three MlniQ1s, which is 3.1- led a Time) and two Crochets eo a i· nirn, Sec. His 'Mood is thus figncd C? , a d this is called the Triple Time.

, '

.

Example.

. TIlt ImptrfofJ oflhe Mort.

~Y1 ,~~ ~~ !l~ II t'-t, II

~tf~7.TTl

This

The still' If Mlfol.·,. ' 21

This Mood is m.ch ufed in ~ynJ Songl and GaIli.,Js, and i~ ufull,ly called ~ali.,.tl or rripl,'timt,and rbis Triplt tIm, is in Come Leffcns, as Ccr4IJt~~, S4¥4b4I1ds, and li1.gs, brQught into a Meafure , as fwift agaiDr',

fo~ as b~ore three', jMi!1ims = ,Se!l1brief~J with a prick .made * Time, JO. this three

Crochets makes a Time, or one Mi~im wirh a prick, and t,~is meafure is kno ne by this, (igne or mark 3;) which t·S'UfU 11y

ca lied Thrtt to one, 'I ' '

!, ,Exarn!plc.,

I ,

1 ~ l ~ 1 l·t 1 l·t ,t, i tttttt

~ ~'V '-"'V'V ~ ~

't·, t~ t·' 1·, f·

The fourth andOlJ~{i, Mood, wbich is the ImJkrffR Df ,b, bit;· is when" all go~ bv, tWO, as two Longs to a Largf',rwo Briefs' [0 a Long, two Sernbriefs [0 a Briere, two Minims to a Sembrieie, twO Crochets to a Minim, Sec. and ~hli5 is called the Duple or Sembriele 'I'ime.and this MOIJ is thus ,?arke~, ,(I , anJ is ufuall in-Songs, F~nta· ues , Pavlns and Almans, and the like,

C ,3 711

,. ,

'(lie Imp,,[t8 oftie.ltflr.

f ,

t-\~ ~ 0 011 14 II rt

l~ \N'tJ IJ'VV vvv vvv 'NV """

~ 9 i:t t ,t t 1

. Hallin in this Chapter givc:n, Y.0U thJ Definition oi the Ioure Moods. nOE ure4 and their proportions of Time , a d alfQ the] Ieverall Notes and their quantit] es and . proportions, for the tI'UC ke.cpiog of Time. in al~ Son~ or Leffons, 1 thin~e it not allJiife, by way of difcourfe, to give you a fhorr account of the fi ve Moods ufed by the ancient Grecians in their fcveraU varleries of their Muftck, OUt of Mr, Jutltrs learned treatifeofMuuck,:Iotit.uled, '[he Plin,ipus of MUD,k,

CHAP·

. r;u Ikiq of Msii'~. . ~3"

I

. ----- ---------

CHAP. VIII.

I. The Derick, 1.tbt Lydial)'3.rbl £olic k, '10. til, P hrygian, 5 • the Ionick,

I. THe VtJN(1t MOld confifts offobcr,{lhw

timed Nores.( counterpoint) whfch in compefieion of patts goes Note for NOte, be they of cwo, rhrl1r, er four paris, asis u .. luaUln Church Tuneseo the ufuall pfalms, by Mt. RiVf,!(&~'fi ~.d ~rhe~s_lafourc par~ , and other piOUS Canricles In meeter J aqd

rhis D'ricl: had his dame from D"i~ , a,ci~ viii PUt in Gree« nesre Athens.

2. The Lit/i •• M •• was ufed to grave; fu1l11.folemri MuGck ,D~rcanr or Compofin- 0' aeing of aow time fitred to tacred llymnes,as Anthe~s,or fpiricuall Song' in profe,fometianes in verfcsalone,and fomerimes in a fun C',rlll ot foure or &ve parts. This Mo,'{ had its derivation froat the famous l\ivc r in Lilli. called P~ilD1lHJand the

\ 4 windin~

~4 '.An IntroduBion to

winding retrograde UK'tand~r, r eprcfcnling thereby the admirable varieties of Sounds In Mufick in its ,paffing by the chiefe C ides of phil4dflphia and S srd« , being the Royall fear of the rich King ereJ 1-1-$.

'3. The U£v/iCK Alood was that which

was of a more Aye ry' and folt pltafi~~ founds, as your U),fJdri:a/s or F ~ !.I'S ot fi e .

and fix parts, which were compared f r Viols and Voyces by manyotoue Excellent Englilh Anrhors.as Mr. Ma,L}, willis, wi/bfY, U'.Ira', and orhers.and had his derivarion from ~IJli~ (a kingdo~e?f uf;J~"'~ whence hce IS talgned to fend his rUnlln~ windes, the which do refcmble this Mood, that is to commixe with fancy and Aye-

ry: founds. ~ . .

. 4. The Phrygi'iJD ]f,{Dod was a more warlike and couragious kinde of Mufick , expreffing,the Mu«ck of Trumpets and other I nflruments ufed 'of old, exciting to Armsand at't~vity, as A/mans, and the like. This Mood had ie derivation from phr,!";,, (a Re-

. gion bordering upon LJdi& and ClITiA) in which is ct« that marriall Town, and rhe

....... ' mea

Tht Ski~ of Jfuftck. 2)

.:non Iligh hill J'~ famous for the .~rci'" ner . a ud ma.ny Hillorians have wrrrren of iis rare (tfc:tl:s in warlik Freparari()ns.(SJlrit!~~f in liio « T.) writes ot Tirnorbtl/lJ a skilful Mufirian, rhar when 0Jrxanart' rhe Greae was much dejeCted. in his minde, and loath to take up Arrnes , hee with his pbrygi,.. Flute c xprcfled (u.:hl excellent Sounds and varicries of Mufickrhat the Kings paffions· were immediately ftirred to wat ,and :an prefenrlyand rooke up Arms. But the 0-' ry of £1'ICII4 Mufirian,p'lfies aI, w~o ha given forth that by hi, Mufick he cduld drive men I' into w~at affections he lifted ; being required by BlI.Ud Dng of. Dtn1lJ(jr~t to ~t' his skil in prattife, ,he with his Harp or fJl)(ora LyrA (,xpreffcd fueh cffed:ual melody & harmony in the ~ariety of changes in Ce. veral XlYll,and in. fuch excellent FtJZt.~·s and' Ip~ighdy AJrtS, tbat his Auditor) beg:ul fira to be moved with fome ftrange palli· ODS; but ending his excellent vol untary with fome c.hoice Fancy upon this PhrJliJI; c..M,od, the Kings paffions were aleereo and excited ro that height, rhae hee fell upon his moft [runy friends whu;h were neare

him,

2. 6 tAn I ntTDauB"n ~a

him, and flew fome ef them "'ich his fiR: for lack of another "capon,which our Mu{irian percci ving ended 'withthe fober DoT;": the Klng ca me to himfelfe and much lamented _hat hee had done •. This is recorded at l!rge by CrA"tii", lib. 5. DAlIi It cap. 3- and by SAXO fjr'T1flnJtinu lib. Il. HiJ. DAni~ and others. .

s. The l~n;(1t tM"od was formore light .and cfeminarc Mufick , as pleafane , jtllOrous Songs, Coranro's, Sarabands ~n. igs, aCed for honel] mtrrh and delight in Fails

. and other rncrrirnenrs.' This M)oJ had its derivation fcom rhc [Int"" of 1~lIiJ" which lies betVfe~ne V£,lia and Caria a flnurion fun of aU pleafurc, whore plenty and Idle&lef! turneJ their honef] mirrh into lafciv i . oufnelle. 8J chis M')Qd WdS the '7lthagort.ns Hpt{lIlor morning Mufick, wh ieh wa~cl1edand roufed rheir dull fpirirs ro fiudy and aCtion. The abufe of this Mood is foone reformed ·by the fober tJJr;,k) for what this excites above' moderation, the other dra"es into a true DI'()runt.

CijA·P.

C HAP. IX.

/J~ing a ra6le of fhe N .smts of the N,ttS in aD

. ufu.d cleav,s. .

r, which iI AIide. thl (tvt,4 .&dju.as u[lf;n

. . ~lIfitl. '.

=:==:~. --=~:t~ ', __ ~._J:L¢

- ;.)r·I-t::!=t='£r -*-t:.f:~--~ ~y~:!:: _ -===-; ~:=. ~:!::_:-=_:--t' .....

Salta mi fa fol fa Col. follah Col b .i fa 1

,!, ,

~~~i ~~h~i!~ti~~-==-

h rm fa (011a ta {O~I 1:1 I, ta '-11a mi t. fa. 11

. .'

I

--- -·------~-t---·----~ U :=:=i=ff:~±-U-=:=Xrt:~~g~~~--=--- - !=P-~ - -:-=::--

f. foils 'I fol1111lj f. loll. mi fl follt fa Col

=-t= -"'--~ ~ !ti$!> - :" -:-J:! lEiiiIf:! ~:3F~~i !.~ !"~

,p CoIl. fa folia mi fl (01 1:1 mi Ia Iol la fa Col Ja

.

ml

-

21 ':_AI! Intr~tltl8iDIIltJ

___:.---- .. ---A--~-.Jt . --= :I~_A~

------- -~.Y. 4- _.Y_

. jj:~~~~=:=:- t:-a~=t:=_ -:--~ :

rni h (oi 11 h fall! mi Is (u! ! I rm h {0113 h

~')-------±.-Aij-~'_"___ ~A

.·--------k· .~.I . t ·--------Jt-A -l:.I

--x-""-i-¥ --- - "'-X-*-A-¥-l-

- -A-v-V' --'--'--_ J --o:-V-¥-.l::---==

__ .. ¥-----.-.. ~. -.--..._- ...... _

f1 Iol lJ £1 folia I'MI fa fr)ll.4ln. (I r"i I" f1 [,'

-f----.----k-A-l-!'-t"· ----;_---Ir-.A_.

-;:r=----e:...\.-v...l::..- - - ----:---o-=" -¥-...Y._I

'tpa -:r*- Y- .. _.-- - - ~ ~ -- - __

..... -~..Y::!:-==:..::...._=:=: =_:=~::y:::_-== === =:.:.:

r, r.1 in I I J m I f I {lJ I I, m I fit e I b f.J [ .. I I l fTl'

~~ ~~iit!it~l;!~=-=;~i;:~~~~:~;t _E_~_------3~1_-- ~ __ -- __ -._._t

f. lui law' 'l r Jl h-C ..

The Sk~ of M,lJpeE. 19

... ..J

4 DirtB'l

vvhich is placedae the end of the liile ro, direct where rhe 6~ft Note of the DCXC line

tlanderh, " . "

A Douhk,llarr ::!: I

. Which divides the fira~ns of a Son~ or'

Ll:ffon. . . ~

A '~pt': :s:

'fa rrpeat overfuch a part 0 a Sollg oe

Leilon againe.!t" -

.A .HlldA

Or a Clo[t, puc at the end c1 a Song or

Lcflon, .

C HAP X.

of TlN'Jing Jht Y~Ct.

T Bus having. briefly give" you pl.ne and familicr Rules for the underflanding the naeure and ufe oftbeGAm-ut,and alfo the names of your Noreseheir qua~i--

ucs

30 '. · T/ie SkiD·o! ,?r(ujici,.

tics, quantities and proportions, or. the Ihort Epitom~e of the whole grounds of Mufick which ought to bee learnt and obfervcd by all practitioners in Mu-

lick ; I fhall now before 1 Ierdowne your firfl: plaine Songs , inferr Ii word or two

- concerning rhe Tuni 'ng of. the Voyce, in regard none can aeraine the right guiding or ordring their Voyce in the rlyfing and falli_!1g ot feveral\. Sounds' which are in

'MUl1Ck (at firll:)w1tholi~ the helpe ofanorhcr Voycc or I nA:rument. Tl)ey Ire ~th ot them cxeraordinary helps, but fc - me

·Voyces arc ben guided,. by the found, fan Inflrumcnt , and better it the learner have skill thereon to cxprefs the feverallfounds, 1'0 that his Voyte may gCi>e along with his Inflrumcnt , in thcafcending and defcending of Notes or Sounds, And (if not, ) if. an Inflrurnent be founded by an other who is an Arlin, fo the learner hath a good Eare ro guide his Voyce in unity tQ the Sound of the Inflrument, it will with a littit' pra8:ifc (by fomerimes finging with, and fomcrirncs without) guide his Voyce into a perfeCt Harmeny to ling all his

. plaine

-=~",...,..,.,.-~~~~~~.,..,.,.,.--~ .. '7"" ... ,~"-·"""-~"~'t"······" _ .,_

- ,.,~ _ , ,_ .. 'r- , .•..... _.. . .,

.. ·Ai./III'D ·;8IDn to : . . 31

plaine Songs with I,xaelne{{e J I meaiae by Tuning his Notes p~rf~aly , JiI{ttn.,·.g and Df/Ctililing., and alfo in the RAyfi"l or FiJI .. lin .. (, of a Third, a Flurtb, or lifib, a~ Sixth, ~c. f\.t rhe firf\: ~iding his Voyce ~herein:. It will muchhelp if you obfcl. ve this Rule, as for a nir. atcedCiing which is from Sol [0 Mi) if at your fir;,~.l uning )1~u found or raife all three Notes I.S sI/, L" iIli, then ~u: fccond leave our (\he L, , and fo you ~~I~ Tune a Third, which is. from to Sol to Mi, this Ru1e~fervcfdr a tourrh orlifth ~c. as YOQ(' ehird ~Ia yn~' Song dueas, .

:rberetore 1!11h~!Juning.ofyour Voyce

ftrlv~ to hive It cle •. re slfo, \

2. In the exprcffi.ng of' your Sounds, lee ir come cleare fr,atil your throat] and nbt rhrottgh you~ teeth, being {but togeth~r,. but let your Sound ~a V~ a cleare patfage.

. ~afil y, Obfcrvt that in TUliing your firA NOIf of your plain Song, you equall it fo (0 y~ur V oyce , rhae w hen you come '.0 your higheft Note,you ~ay reach ire

Leaving thefe,few and necdIary obfervirions to your memory , 1 hive heere Icc downe thofe uruaU playn SOlli5 which arc co

.. ~, '. .

.~ , .An IntroRuRIDn ttl

10 bee" firfi tuned by the Voyce, and alfo Come Ihorr Ayres or Songs fleet {fary for . ,bat purpcfc,

. H(t;'jOU01¥flh tbre« I'l~in SO~$ for tbe ft.' fl Tuning o( ll:t VO)'t.

For rlJe J4[ctndi1'J[!. and 'Dt[CllJdil1g tf t;.~hl ';(fJtrs.

r

----~--~-~-~~~-~-~-*~ -@

. ~_*_~_.y._.l:. .----- ---~. -i-:o:-x----

~~.~::!::-:=:=:=:==:=:=-= v-

~-.-. _._--_ ... _ .. __ ._-- ---.,.___-.._....~ ----_

St.) rni r~ h (ella fa fol·(i;l tala fel fa mi la (0111 Iol

. ----_.--- ~~~---§i'

;._' ~:-::o=~:-~:~:~:::!.~~ :~--

i>T .~---- --------.--- - -o:t:::x:

_-- ----.--~--...- .. ___._------::~ .. ~

. ScI O1lls h mi fol b la 11 t~ (01 mi f~ 1a mi f.ll:! rei

. ..Afel ndill,. .

~:=====~:i- ~-"-a-=i=:I~-..,..=!-A:!:E=t:!~=: _ _=p2:=__~;-~

Sol ~ mi (01 mi fcllami taCot h mt II mi b fo1 folfol -::====: .~~--:~:=--==-:=i=~~=:~= ·~T~~ -~=:--~. --A-*-+-~ ---.------ ---I .fh).- v·· - -_ ~v ---v--¥- - - ... -----~--"tI-

•• 0 ------- .... ~-.-----

s;,,~ b ml h fulla ful bioi la mi fa fc~ 11 t. (01 ts {ol

TIJt ~iO of Mujicft. . . 3~

I ~f[cending.

· ~-=-::::=-:-~-='-:i.~::i:~::::~~-t ~-~ ~

~ "-"i\ ~-.~ .-.-------.--- _-

!~~t==~ .: .. _~~= ~~:~=_:=r=~=:-~:::- ~ ====

fui 13 ani ta fUi JII h .fol f01 lu1 ful til ,iI jot

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h ~.,~.\t"'llII \.~ I"";':! t ··.J ... C,Llu·tC"ta

~:~ \~:-t\~: _~-~~:~l~--j:~____ _ _ ~ : ,

. , - ... - .... _ .. - ... ---l----,--_-

Io i 11:1 Lil lJ tui. ,; .

l.,~

- .Af .., \', 'C .-

; .i. '; -:--olo. -lr-----t--!.l--=---j-ffld

' •• - ." -. _.L f-' .-. - .- -.-- -- - "f-"

'''' '. '. 1'''' · ·

''to • Jj • . '\ - - . - - -..... • -- - - .

.l \:~;;: . ': \ _ ~ ".~ .r __ = _~=f= = _=_:~_. .;

I (),j. not.u DJ1JltrJ~".on )Jot«, j't'd nomt ai

-.~ )' · ... '\._f-~;-t---·-I-·-71-'-l----1--=~---I-

.. .1. - f 't~ ·t- .~ ·--::'l:T~-:±-· :~=r=*"~ ;j_

, )_ . 1- 1. _'" ._.:_. =;~=.=_~_ =.~_:_-=-~.t-:.=

t uo til Gluu am ; lui nomtni tuo da

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. ' .. - =t : . ---. _10.. .. -._-_._-

'.' \ 'to ~, . .J .... - .- -... .- .... /.].. -: I r- - -/.j - ~:

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. - - -' .. - .. _._-- - ':J - \]. - _- - ~ : -' . v - - -_ --

GI ),·/iJr)J) - Non &r. NfJlJ &L .

D

34

',An IntrtJdu~1io1J to

Fo 1. \',;c ..

G -·_:-~~--=t=-I=J~- :-§E=t~-t~-- ·--·l,-=t::::ig

y (1.'-- _H_ .-- ~ ... - -;-- A,..

\ J f _ _-_ - .- _- -_._ - ---

---.·1 .. ----.-- -~ -------~- -

The glorious C: rr.p (if Heaven, the SIIlO, The h;ghcl- he I~ g. trll1g.

The Cooner will Ii s race b~ run, , ADj necrcr her's [0 f~ttin:~.

T;llr A'!.,! is b.Il rh ir ;s lh~ fiLii •

• Villl-~ youth and bl ~ud are warmer, E'~ p tl not the IJn anj \\'01 Il,

£i:n~ lliH Iuccceds the (cnn. r.

TIle S~/f of iJ,fu[UA'. 35

I

fl',r 1 Vl)C'

C-·., :-:-:::~··.·.:~t':!-=l·--==Et=t-~*=~.~ ll=E ~~~~.i ~-t: .. -~E - ~--f::'::!=F:=:!:±~a::=

.

. All r" e S pt iug wirh all he. Frowers,

:~:~$:--~=h~":-~jig=t=~t~;

.:~£.f;:} . t=~ f t-=:rf;~*:f'" iI:*==L~:::t: .~

~~===~=-f :-_-6- J::_::__:;:==::\ ~ -:. ~===--====±~ ~

hid the wmacd Syrcns fi. o· j I··' Loves l.evn

··;-t-t-- .:;c~~- - -~~t~~{,. :~t:::-rf:--= f_.:- .z

?_~ &. -=- :-.: :e""t=~" :_-:'~ ';_~ .. -" ~ ~ ~ :. -- ~. --- -. ..:~.'~

--------- t--'d.:~· .. ··--- ... _, --- ... '--- _-_.--_ ..

I

--._ . ~ i l-t-::-----f;~-- .. ~-· ----~

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-- ------ -.'_. ----- ---

Arrowvs h(, m ,h(, ~~"ivrtS bee Ihor, by t v--ry .

. ~-f,==·.:=i:==:t-~:~==t~-=t·ml· ~ff-" !:Il::t=-f--:-;

.... J _ ~~- .... j. -:4:.-- - .-f. __ . - -- -- - .-...J-

---- - - _-.'._"- -.-- -'_ .-. -. _-- -- ._-

... _------.:....- ..... -_-.:.._- --~ ---- ----- ---- .. -.

!'

- -=1.11' ::t-f-.:EI~·=-=~--::==-====

... J- t .. - .. ~ -- -- ------.._...._.-.--

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Y.'I,hling (lr1ng.

··-·t-*-~---I-------

, ·r .. · - .- --.. _-- '-_;__-~_':"'_-

'. _. _-- --- ---- --- --

I -_ !...1 --- -x- -------.

, --_. __ _ _..,.- __ .. v--... ..........,_.. ...._...___..__._-.

D 2

~C;

J

. rOt'2. v '.C~ .

l\~T·;·JJ!]]~Jlrnj It~ fP~

'V:.;,l~V (, nl:tn'.lthuu ddrt {ad Ltll.hy

::i. - -~; -:.~·~i:~·f:-f~-'\"~;!~--t~~·~··l\~~ "1' y l>~~~-i ,- . - t: .' I,· .. · _- -I' ~- I .. -t----

-- .. ' _._---_---- ~., -~- - _. -- - - - . ---;- ----

.An lntrodth'lion to

Siocc thus ir is, l'r:.' t~l cn:·t wh ir, T {l morrow rhcu tll'llc ft:: l\1'w~3'e the \Vl!low,:lh:..r rhat To die upon the trc .. :.

,A, i:( ~{1" unto to!' ,AltU' go \ v d· (; n-I:w d s, {I. l r

'(\ T: . '.A" r .~ 1A. V \ \' I ; I,) ,. w r t a ~ h a l.f 0 Ct.rJl .. ' :~r~'r, :; \.1 Iwu rl . c i ...

.. #

-'E ~)t~--gaEl--~/..~-· --1---- t --~ 'r---.--- .. -'[J .--. i- -.-'- -~- . - -' . "f "1'" _~\.-

- ':...) )- - _. - - - ._ ~ . .. " -' - _- -

~~..:-:-~ _=. ~ .~!= --=_ ;1'==: .=_:_:.t.- .. -:~. _==-=~:~j':_:

to Iport us ere the 9~ \' Let: d c_,rll',. Stich is thy

----'-t--~-t--l ··la·-· ... -i---------· t--J.

"'Y --to .- .. -'.- .-~-- . ~ ""--. - -- --_. . --- -- .It!-

~ 'l--! -¢- .. - -.- .. ~- J-=~-t·-·~ - - - .: t~ 1 .J::~ ._

= -'-::_:_: I=~=- -=:: ·:t:t~::~. ~ ~ ;~. ·=-~§F~-·:t. .'':

I> I +--m*;;.-t-i-~!!--~I--!·--*---~-- '--i

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~ -y.-.- -- '- ~~·r--·· -- -- .- _ -- . ..,,_

(,) --- --- - ! -- ,,; ... __ .. _--_... . : ,._- -

.' __ . ,__ -----_,--_ . -_,___ _ :t:..\, _

pcw'r , that (very Flow'r wl' ()P~ to t hec a

.. ·;--t·_-1- ~- y-+-t' --~-1·~·_t--t--f-1---1."--

)·t .. !.~! .. ='==. -=~-:-:-'~~'. -=-~l=-~ -: ·~t-~~=-""·::t.

. -. G---- -. -- r-- .~ ..... --- - .- '-' -.~!- ." ._- .. ' - -.~ - -

_._--__,-_ --------- ._-- ...._--- ---- ---- - --_

!,

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-- ... - '_ - ---- . ------ -_._ .. _----

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~) - . --.-~ !f- -,,- .. 00 __ oo_---- -_ .... -- -. ------

-- " .. _!. __ -.i-- - __ ___.,..

[0 the Su ·l. .

- -i-*---~---l----------- --_

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~·t2 __ ~_ ... __. . -------- ---.-=.~':

--I;-.------ -x-- ._. --'-- .-------

_..-------- -v.- - --- --_

..

.. (, -" ' .. '

\V i!~ 1'C'l 11";r)\11' lh( u IfI()lIJdfl: lov: nice, - r: ! .---' _":\ -- ... , -1-'· - .. - - ~·--*-·:---t-- -; ---1;f

.. '.' • 1 .... ~ .,-" .... ,,\. -\! ..... - .. - . .:..- --:-- .. ---- .. -

I I , _-., .. _ .. _ . _,_.. _

_ . [) .. -. t·:; '\ ... - .. _ ... ---.- .. - ... --!---,-., .---.,_

-- ..... "._ -'-- ' .. -:-I---------------V.- -

,)!)~frk~nJt~Ilt~=~y-~tH~

r r"." i ( \' c.", I ' t . i .: I I !" V I r: c: r h C·,. ; Il'V h "p,. ~ f no

. :.-::1 rrl : u~ :¥ln~~n: t-1::=~~~

- I -r ',: '. --11·· ... --;-- ... ----- --------

~\:. ~.~: ~ [ '.\ 1~- .. -. ~.~.~~ ... -~.~:- ... ::- .... ~--.:.:.--:..~~

L) y C :1 _ . oA l. I.'.

. . I"~" '.1- . U'l" .. _._ -- --..:---..-.

·,·!.I· ., . ~ 1 -:.".' .: :.-~- ::-=-:.::-===.:=====:-:

. I •. \ t.:' .. T - ... _ ..... - . -------,.-.-

~ ... _- --·-··t·v~· --"'--:----~---------

Toe Skillt'of Hulick. '. 39

l~ -r ~. VIlC. t' . ,-....

G ·';-1·t:l~t--=1: .=~. :±;~~~~~~~'*=f~=*~

~} _ .... _ - - -d'-- -i. =.t_~._ --_

--_. _--._- .-~.-~. -4-- ------- -. - .......

():' hrtl: \t.·~r,~c,1 A-glI"Y and C:'~V~" 21

;{ -::1' =-= +=:'~:=1:\:~~:!:!= ··l=~·t=fl·-tl -~'_'I,~:__ ';j

--.. ._- ,._ .. _-_- .... -......_ - --- --._ -' ~- - =+ '--

-_ .•.•.. -~-. ----- • ...I~., - -- .. _ _ .. __

--- ---------- __ -- _- -_. __

I •

:.j:,= t-~-~~=t --·~*=t~='F1! 1- Ft=t-~==:t.· t; -~=~i"-=±:_:_:-~-= r:t±1:~I=t:='~ -=:+=:::.:.=

I .

I .

-=tL1U"---€---+--Rf---l-§1,J

-_. ---.- ;"'(1- t=~. - -~- .. - .. _

-@- -;- - _. - -" --. ..- ---- - ._-

v-_,. - . - - - - --~ - . - .

.. ---_.._._-- - ---.- ....... ~ ,,-_ ------------

Ioon as taou h,dt (~C her !~ 1 on fit"t', snJ lett h .r

;f.=::t:==:i==~:=--:-::= ~. *==?=l==~~:h~tt

'=!:::=l: ~ .-_-._- :[~3=~~:~=!l::

.J-.. ..-. .

~~~t£f$ttf~F~:~:tt=-===---==:

-------~!-=a:f_-:a:- .. ---

burning I,' n..:r (haG defite.

-:-:--~-;--f~=-*ti~I--I-

~~.-- -- - A- --- .

~-- --- - -.x.- -

= =-=_.::::._...... - : - . :====

~[ ,

,. ~ (..5) (I 'I, (' r . ( I) (I, . I! ~:

f'~ "" "'. • 'l;;n ~ J'\ .,'\4''' •• '~ n.,."1 ~~ ~i t .. ""\l:l'... - ..

.... ~.j. . _. _1....:1 ~J'.,,~·.lv ...... ·_ I. '.' ,.~. ~ ..... LA _ ~ . .a __

'f ·vf:J\(·

I .

INTRODUCiTION

• I

.OH,

plaine and eafi : direilions for the

. i

Viall de qambo.

. .

THe P"iol/l'Dt Gsmbo is fo called be-

caufe his Mulick is pl~yt d from [he Rules of the Gam-uti, and not by

llettcrs or T~ble~urf as the Lyr.J :rifJO , and alfo that it con{l(l~ offe.verJ.H pclrCS:l~ 't'relllr, Ten~rafld B~Ue; TR:: r"t6Ie cX[llr~(f;,!~ the highe!l: parr an.I p1.aYCCi from the G sol R~ V& Cltlf'e. T1he middle or Tenor P rrc playes by the C Stlol p.J U; cLijf~, arid the [BaHe or lowe(\: pI[e (which is the gro'lnj

. to rheorher ) p~ayes by the F FJ It: cLiJfe, and there three triolls agree in o.ie m 1 n.ier

. of T_urJillg. A:{]~ therefore 1 Ihall 11rL\ gl ve , you

42 tAn InfroduBion to

","OU directions for Tuning the ~a1fe Vi~JI, wluch is ufually firung with fix ftrings, (ali) )'OU rnav oblerve on the Figure cxpreffed In the foregoing page) which fix i)rings arc kMO\VnC by fix Ievcrall names. . The ftrJl :» whh:h is the fmalell, is called the Trel'~, thc[econd, the {111fJIl.Mt'4n : the third, t he .. ~rt'at -A'{ ran ~ the fourth the Countertenour , the fifth, the Tenor or "Gam' ut firing: the /ix;b, the ~Jfft; . or if you wi 11 name them alter they are Tuned accor Jing [0 '!'unr G.tm-ut, the 71t':lf is D. LJ sui R/lrhc

j.;, .. i.l /'v/e.ln A La ~~fl R~ the :!,yt';.lt A,)ealt ",'t:_. 1~4 MI' till" ('ouni!r Tenor C FA u: the 'Fer.or or fifth Hring is Gsm-ut , the Iixth or I?'~ t1l' is double D ~oJ Rt ; and belonging [0 1: It 1 e tix firinf,s you rna y obfervc there is •• ";\."j Prcrs , or Hops, which art for nop . . 1 <~ or giving varicry ofIounds according to n ,~' h~\ rra 11 N orcs ot the Gsm- et in your ~ : r: . ~""th Tlar and Sharp. 1 have thcre-. :. ;~. i:1 the Iollowiug Page drawne a n exr J: tablc of ehc Icvcrall Notes of the G am-

. , 1: 1 thci r places , . as thcy arc flope on the . ;. ~'r"ll Frets (.11" your v~·oll; and on every ~ ~!-;:·s di11intll y, beginning with your fix!/)

. . flring

rlJe SktW of Mufirk.' , 4,3

!';·,·ing., which .e~preffes the lowef] Note, and (,) af(CnJlng the fcvc raIl Natts of t~c, s. tlf or q am ui , poth ri.u and Sbarp, rill you <.:0 rn C, to the highc,it Note of your Tretle. Bu r n w ill ,;Pl~ ncccflary before- you make ufc ot this' Table [0 have your rioU 7UIlfd according to rhe order of it: and t hcrvlorc for yo~r me re , cafe, I will give

Y('U [~O Hults, ;". o~(: .by [he Letter~Ofthe Alrhaber, arcordinp to your fever Frels,

the orlcr by Nd~fS ; but the fitfi be ng the c aficr \'Vay t~)f. b~giflntr, hole care I tfncri\(' IS nor ~'dl acquaint d with the Icvc ra ll diftances ol Sounds the firin~s arc Tuned in, n'all b(y rhis Rule, ule onel one

which is [he vlJi[on, which is to mak · two

Jt1in,~s (one olrhcm being Ilopt the other not) [0 a grcc in; one Selina; the letters of ,rhe a.Alpb.lirt ardthck tIght, A,B,C, V, E, F, G) II, tcvcn of there arc aOigncd to the

jf,[)flJ Fr('IS (as you rna y oblcrve in the for .. g('ing rigurc of t~)r ~"jun) A is not, tor A is [he firing ('pcn, {o R bdongs to the jiljl fi:tt, C to Ih~ jao/lt!, D [0 I he Ihird, E co the Jaurl/J) P tt.l·ftfj/;, G the jix:b, H thf[fa"L',.:;rh.

, 'rhl'It tore

I

44 ~JJ Introduai~n' to

Therefore to oegin co Tunc railc your Trehie or ImalleIl ftring as high as conveniently it ~ill bearc without breaking. Then flop your Iccond or [f1JJU Mrane on your fifth Fret, which is F, and rune him till it . agn;c wich yo!lr "rt'tlltopcrt, rhardon, Ilop Ydur Third firing Oil the fame Fret which is F , and make ic agree with the Second 0-

'pert; Then {l:op your fourth Oil the fourth Fret which is E, and make it agree 1iCh your rlJird open, [hen Hop your fiftlJ n F, .and make him a~r(T to your [ourtl: up:.:.n:

then {[op your lix h or 1 )wcf\: .aring J n F, and make him a~[t·c to y~r tifchopl'!'.::hl':, being (_'xaB:ly June, you will tind your V"toU in rune.

The 1'u,;in:z_ by NJ!es or by Jillanct's of ;::'~OUlJU'!i is rhus , [he 7~itlle being raylcd as highas it WIll conveniently l-carc without break ill?, will then bee D t.s ScI Re , your {(c(}nd b\!illg tuned {our Notes lower will bee eA LA Iv!i s«, the third Iowrc N i)CC:S lower then your [econd, will chen bee E lJJ .u«, the fOUl'lh three Notes or a f}ac third \~W('r then your third will then bee C Fa

Of,

Tht'l'${'ill of Mufick. 4;

VI: the fiftlJ tu~eJ foureNo~es lower, then your fourth wtl~ rhea beG.amput, yourfixlh' 10Uft NCHlS lower then your fifth will then be doul.!« 11 Sol Rf~ having accordiJIIg to there directions perfeCtly Tuned your Vi .. o U, you may then proceed [0 rheufe of rais TILlLe for the ,knowing the feverall places of your NOftS both Fldt and [1JJrp.

In chc which you may alfo obferve this RU.'f,tha,[ the sl;.trp before a Nore makes it

a Frrr or Itoplowcr , antl a Flat lefore a N. T ~tc a f'rrt higher ~ tor twa. Frets goe to one whole pcr'ieCl: Note as t~ls Ta le dorh dirta, {(_ n1C times you rnay..!{ee a S/JArp be ,~orc I? J'o1 ~f, then he is fi.opt one Fret low .. cr,wluth ,IS thf! fame with E /,J mi~/4t" [0 it a flat be to ~A la 1I7i re, it is a' Fret higher which is (J [ol re ut sharp; the like f other 'N.._ottJ •.

AHa note ~hat if a B flat or 11 sharp bee fer up\1n a Ruff br Spa~e at [he ,beginning or a line with the clljJe that Flat or Sharp, makes all the', Norcs which are in rhofe Rules or Spaces to be Flat or SlJarp through the whcle Lc tlon.

cUI

An IntroduRion to

~(~rt1h!c to /inde4U Notes u{u~, all on t/1{' E~lf1e \ .. ioll, ct : tb.r fl.lt or Iliarp,

, BeginI1il~g arrhc jix!h JIrin)!., an~. fn upwards to [he B.ll:, ilill alccndiru: ['f)

_ \"J

r h l' h i r h- n ~ 0 t e o nth c h r Ct

or 1'i'rlll' th-ing, aCCOl-

d i:l~ to the Icvcn

FreIS •

I • , •

•• ,OJ' .' •.••

~ ' •• I'"

..

:'.~ ., ~'~,'-, ' ~ ~,~-~-f'--~ - . t~-~=+:--fJ

. . " oii.-1· -- ~\.-- -

. _.. \''' 1 _,o. .. ~. I ~ . __ ... __ ._. _ _

(00••• : • l.· " J • I • ,

_. .. - -

. }: ...

... ~ . i,

• J" •• I,t

_ .. -t ,f Q,-°N • > .r--:»

f.l. " '

....

:." I

(... ..

..

, .

'< •

. :

,

The ~~j/J Df MujicI-.

,

I t: r g.:: .

-d'-@i~: I~-~¥--€-i-l

• I

ft~=--- _" _ . - ~ -= __ = :~:" -:.". .

---- - -. - j-- - - -_-

--_ .... --- - '--~ - - --_- -_-

l)/~/Qllt J./.jI!lJ'Jft~ £lA".' 1"/1&14' J:-"/ .... t,fJ·arp. "(,"

V"V'.. t/'V"v ~~ (/"\,"- \./'\.''-: ~~ ('.../\.r ~ rV\./"'f't../"_'··1 li,/I _'rJ"g f~1l ft",,( fir ft flri .. { fi,ft firIng f jt f/""~ /Hut "'!..

-!'''' fir/If" r.",J{" IlJmr[.,"I .1.J:,,./IJ'~1 /;.:", ';.,

4 S' .A IJ I ntrco':nq ion to

1"11("[(: directions tor [he ill}];' VI()U will alf 0 t \_ rv c tor [he 1 relit yitdl, which is finll'~~ with hx Hrings in the fame manner bur I'IO}I{ Notes /;i~her, and G Jot re ut which

.~ <~

onrhe Jrcble which is an eight above G [ol

{'/1t ut on the BJJ1t is flopped on [he lame Fret [hat it IS on the BID~·.

The Tenor rioll is an excellent inward part and much lJed 'in 'confvrt, efi';CtiallY .in FAnrr:/it's a~d AJ.res. o~ 3: 4.).and 6. arts. For the '1·Uil1Jj~'l. of rr, It IS In the fame s the .8.11 e a Y1J Trel.le for the difiance of found betwixt each Hring, bur being a part betwixt llllCh hIS 7unifJ,~ is fower Notes higher tl'{'r~ r he BirD f and fi ve Notes lower then the 7', {./ l- , a nd hi s Jirft or Treble firing is TUl1('d e(l a (ul re ut on the Trt~lt vioU , his [(con(/' t 'n·,'l'r Notes lower which is 'D I.IJnl re, the J' ;.".-1 lower Notes lower.rhcn that

will L ';.' A !.I l'hi) P , the }euI'th three Notes (or a ~~.L rll:rt.!) which is to h.c F _tJ tit, the

ftlth }I !'Vt r NUrt5 lower then the tour:/} will t 1,: n t) (' c f.1. u", t h c 11:\:: h to we r ~ () t ( 5 10\\( r ~:'\'llthl' Flti/' (11Un bt:(.i.lm-Itt" wl.icn

- 1 1 1'"

IS anL.Tr.; "\ C [0 U:l1JJ-ut 011 t ic H.:Le :-",'!;:,

for t l.;: .u.rc Jnd (teart: undtd1..1!i\ling (,f

th.lc

, .

.:

Tht sliH of MoJit:kll 49

rhele Tunirlt! fevtrall ,iz. the' BAit, Ttnor,. and Trtblt, ~fr~e th'efe examples of' (I~ch of them accordid,g to rhe fix Hrlngs as rhey are tuned by the il:verall1(olfs of rhl. Ga(!1ut

I

Example :

;bt Treble --t' =--~-~~~1=i

rio/J tum,,!. ~.--::~-- _

. I '" ~'4 5 6

Note that [he ,!,. firing on the TrCtle is

rhe fame to GJ'oJ,.~"t,on the Balfe, an the

fiX(hro<J)folTe~;,,~pon the 1 __

:;~:Ia']jl.fnn~:" I:~!-+x-?: O. ;:1, ;

y #". ,.~. ... r---_v~- -v- r

r ,2 3 4 5 6

Note' rhl' rhe' 5. flring of the Tin is runed ro c f. lit on-the Bafle, and the fixth

[0 l?Am "t'on rhe B~~e.

, .t.. :'

The ~fft ~-~ .-e--:t :i~: :::": '":- - m: ==

vio/l ,lIIIing g±L:~ i:i~== ==

- . ~

I :I 3 4 5 6

J. 1 have

50 . An [ntroduElio1S- t;

I have hccre given y(\U the plair.cti di· r ,aions for the TU4ing )OUI l~oll, and aleo an ('haCt 'fabll wh~rc Y' .u (l1ay finde your fl'vl'r~!l Notes on your Vl01l ~ It rernaines now hat y,.u ihoulo k now the N ames of yunr N: i(l'", accorl.iil'g [) their prnporuon', of ri,t;t, 'hl' \'yhiCil I thali refer you to d ,(_' f()r~l,l' r pH = lit t h I~, I fill () iudron t" the

{ix' h Cii,~q'~l'r. A.'h:i alit) t,~ .r :he ~ett'er Ufdr, rf\:cindln~ rhc 1l vcrall P aces, of yo r N on's Lt (hc G smu: ~ that you wculd ptrulc ovvr ,hI' tower fid\ChapCtfsot this I~ J\ .kc ,tor the gU1J1f:~ of rht plJ .. ~t7 and HJH,J..lI.d; rhar cannot bee Icr downe ii ,.\'()r'~s, Lour mul] b(' don. by rl.c {!uIJip 0'

a 1'f.d:(,·) 0:: ly this being a gClllrali R.IlYt i11.1li IiI C omir it ~ that at the rc be an odd ]\l_"e ac the: bl g:nfli: g of a Lcflon ,a!a ulua: i y t11" r.: is in A), is and ( II, allIS, rhen yllU ttr rk c ir wuh Llrawing theBDW btKltWtJ.,t~; a~'u,d' chcrc be no OI..\11V"vtf,titcll your firlt Note is tlrooke WIth the Boll' pur f(lrwarJ.

'Thu" havHlg given )'( U ,h( .. te dlftctlons tor vour fir H cnnancc on [he V. oU, 1 lhall conelude with a few tt/it L1l01lS for the Iame,

, hr.,., .

,~o, ~ - - ."-

Shorr

):2. .An IntroduRion'to

----t----- .... t-:.-t. f -:t -t -!.A-l t~nJ.

.' y:;~. -::l ' '-(1-+-+ - - t . t r . J (1 "I 1- '. .,. -: ',~ ,. ~

, .. - ('; l~ ~ t (\, '-'. - •• \ --, J .. '. --

• _. , .f , ..! ..... : ;-1' -' - . ----. l.. t ,---'- -

-·---'·.;-t· __ .. V·..Q.. ,-·Jf·t- .. ------' --i- -- -------~-

::::-;~;t-:: • ::Wl ~:t t-t>H~ j t1tI·~:t~I~=F_;j :' .. l!.t tl J .~, tr ij ld 'J.!iJ:-d Jt= ~1 .-

, , - .,', 11 --.: . ---- - - '-'--1--- --- -4- --

. . . '

:-~·.~.:~~~:tt1*· -~tl1:t~~~~+·t!1.i=t~f!!~-ttI-n· - :;j

• -, ~I ~. , .... - to. . ". - .. ~ ~.:-. --l-· -:t!:t - - .--

· .,._ Y.._._'_ 1-- -Hii·-~.-- -.---- ---1- .-

, ., - ~ ~ ','

:7: ~::11 iltt':Jtlffflb.~!~~±:n --

t, Iolti-J t:.+.---------=1----=.--t~#-

. ,., -lOt - ~- -1'-=*

- ", ,7 _..-_- --- 1. --. - - . - - - -- __ .-_

:' . t ~J'1J.tl11-~:!LJ=~*tij~;i

r. (ire u id '

. , e - ~ -11" -- - -_ --, -! f t' 1

~ .. ':. 1· r _ 110:j- 'l-i:t .:: =-~ ~~-:-'jt~=~:-i' :-- .. ~:-:H

. I I 1.4 ' •.. -t .. _ ..

, - . - · ....... ." - . .!! I _ . .,:, ,

" -.' -4- _ -.. - i - _ A • I

--. '---.-" ": .. --"1

. . ... , ...

J' ".

S4

.A fl illtrDriulfirm ttl

THe" 1/'"lin is now ~T1I,tfirumrnt much in rc "lU\ it,&' nnrs b~lt to thl'M -lick elf th~S A'6e, wh {c phancie is dLlighh:\l wieh n(Fo ,·hing r.ut A,.f:s, CtJralJ.:5 a."d ]rggs : which mav wei 11l't' i(l called as Ln (')rj,~;~ 11, tr:~ of

{uGH.! lee c.: .ne fuLtl:l.n: 11'11 IJJa:r of A,f,,/it/( which rll'll~ pr )tou ,j ju '~me:,t",i)t .orflier .l'1( ~G'\,r'l'J !j~,\'Vllr·l ... w' ,rk~ ~('ll~il.[1O'

~ ~

ru "U"H'!:i'-O' Ch('H F'IIl(- )~r('Zt t;ll~d?1

1..; N I f·" '.' d L'

Jr..j X 71 -, ~ ( ; -; '( L t. ~ _j ~ ) r . ::r i":. .. :: IN I ; n I : '! (. h i-

t ""~' ,.u ~ \ ,.y i," "~'Ii "1' rJ.'r U' " ) '.' U t ~ ilJ I ,1... L .. ,1 , I. ..' ,.,'. '- "" ,. U .1 I II I S

of jllJio 111 ~nc co C.' c ford: :vi u t~. k 1 n l.cr glory & c xccllcncy.an.: ():1 (hi) 1-::ir:::T'2'1r [0 fl-lrp.:.dl.' all w.uc n w ... rc in t, )!";':!:_r az es:

, 0

This Intlrurncnr bv the hdp[' c.r ;1:1 al-Ic

!'-,tdl( r and a good ('~re in d:~ .,):~:l()r,( r, rnav i.: a ,11r.,rc nrnc lce tltral·l(',.1.~·u' i;l rv-

J

garJ it admits no F,.tlt1 as rh. f."'~fJ/l hath

rht' Rules f)r it cannot bee ftoc '.~')-Vilejf1 words, onl y' I i11111 ~ i ~ C Y' JU t: Ie: III ... 'V1Ct (If rhe T."l!/J"f ot it ace Ir ii;11'ro t11~' H',llt:~ of tl.~{'r;"IJ.l'), hy w.ucu it'~~\!C'li i: CO'l(.Jrt,

, 'l l' .

T'l 4· ' '''I r ~.) •• r r i r ., T(., r·," , I l( lll", •

• • ..... '- .) .... &. ,.... \ \ ". l... " " • l : _ ,,,..... •. ';. ~ '.1.. \ .... .&

I.._, '_' J

, rhc

rht S~iU of Mufick. - ,'S'S

the Trfhl~, the tecond'ih~f".O U·4.m, the third the,~rt&t 4Mt'~u"the fourth rhe 84J~, which tower flring!,arc tuned by flfis, the Tlrhl! is Eld, t he J malJ rJLfra'n .A /a mi re, the

.. ~r!'at MtalJ L? la'(,! re, and [he, B.t,Et G (oJ re, UI') WhICh h five rsores lowrr one chen rhe other fo that tiln~ B:D~ or ~qurrh firing of your 1 reble V 10011n' which 15\ G /0/ rr r , or

an tt~~bt or I?'4pafoA to G~'"' on, e ~a.U~

v:oU. 1,1

The z 'ff ~ v.~ljn is, tuned leight Notes lower t hcn the rr,tlt V"tJl,n i" and is m-, ~~d Pt{is;in the {anlc manner,hisftrp flrtnK is ..If I~ mi, re ; rht [tcon.d p,;~X is D I.~rol r,) the Ih,T" fI Gam- .,t,t.he/o,jtlh lslhuliit f. III.

- 'I

-

M_jirt. BOD~J' /,Jtl', p,.;"ttJ J'f John Piiyiord, .4"J

."" /11 {014 lit hll JhdP '" 'he In,,tr 1 Imp It, "eAr the t'l. Nrc •• 00"1.

M· R. rrz!'am Cbll.is ret of Plalrih for J' Voyces, ro 311 ·tJ llf~, C'ngr~v(n in C If pr t.

It. Rookcut'SctrOAI,u;\nd 'Di«I"f/ltf"r I. :r and e , "oycc~ r 'i"~ to the TbtQtI,D or Bd[Ji. V;,,/t,(, mp' Ie i by 1/'. '"'III"., [.r (",";Ift. Mr.HtJn',.'a·~J ~/rr.If'i/Jlf~m j.""tJJ,JI1~ otb r ('xC" hrr ~12tlt"in M·41t', k.

Th. tid il' . '; ('If A,ril a .d D~lo;,utJ for I. 1. 'JJ!d j. J.0Vces, ""r ~'Ir • ;,,.,-, L •• =s.

. Th .cc nJ l;n~,kc ,:f Apts an~ Di4fog"tl f,jr I. 1. :lIJ ~. V: yef's, 1 y ~ Hr~J·LpwtJ,

. A B ... ok e .. j C"cb", R~.s.lndC"JJ'JU,cOn(aed anl pub-

Jjjh ,Jh) M,.jDt.r.~Jllc". .

. ""tr~(t) Rm-. .J'D7t on rhe 11" V"1MJ.,cont:liriitig 102. I.tr. (G~ lo, "Jt~ i ft' uttiuns for the J(Jrn~n therctn.

A nrw II ,t k ~t Lcllcns and InLhuBbns for rhe Ci,hlrJJ

,

anc G.,lnn.

A !,t..., B okr i'uituled thr D'JUiJig M.(ltr, or pl.1inc Inrt ~ .·6: Ru ,f"r 1 he dan(i"g of (;0"""1 D •• ell, Wllh the l' U.I(" '0 r ~(h Dxnce, to be phyd ()H the 1Ffb!. ";'6,,_

'''''' .A"u. couraining Aln;Qinl, A,,,,, COl.,.". snd $., •• b.,.d,. 'Lr we pars, for a r"bt and a.ff( ·p'"U or 1';01.1, DeY'r 0 f .. rt I', I"'rd.

: IiI' Ar' d Dlf ant or Con' poling M"fit~ in pUts hy Tb~.

CfUJJ'~71. w t1 Qi,ft:rY:tt;ons. ,ll\j Annm,l~il'n. rheeeupon by rh, ,S,d.:I.~ M .Iier of Mu{i,k Mr .CflRlS10PHIR ~l;tlP~O1'{

ftt~' E.·p:rt;f,.v·pfc:r of F3ntalil's for rbe Vlo1sot ~.~.

~I 0" p.:l, ,Pol! r:·i Hllh~ycJ[C 16;9, '

1\)0 ~d [ L~ t.t t tu' J Paper 31.d rUl'a BoourcJ I)' bounl up.

FIN I S.

r

7heMrt'of

5 E r r t N G or COM PO S IN G IOF

tM U SIC K in cP .A It T S.

By a motl familiar and eafieRule :

In Three Ieverall Treanfes,

I. of makinl.follrt p~rts in Counrerpoin • II. A ntctfJ.r, Dif(0~'1ft of tht [evt.raH. Key Sj IJ(Zd their proptr~!Clofes.. .

IlL Tht .u01l'~tJ pllJIAge's of JJ Concords ItT tEf

.lId imptrjtEf.r I

, I

~~L'~,", Printed for 1''''' 7'/.,fwtl. & arc fold It his {bop in tbe Inner rcmple, 16, 5 •

.

-

To the Rjgh~ W orfhipfull ;

and great Patron of,Mufick,

Sir 1{olfert ~pUeJJ Baronet.

SIR. ,

:, ~m~ 'E;~( tMJW tore- print thil Book Df~'~ f:~; ~ ~,,;, Campion's, J csnnot think upon -

Ii'_ ~ ~ »1 prr{on_ 10 who,!, I.may J~ aptly -

. dtfa:~ thit putllcattf!fJ , ~ to 10ur

honored [tl/~, /;otb ilt t,[ptR of Jour gh~'4t 4.e::tion t~tMuJick, an.d 4/f"J;fC4Ujt I ohr 111'''' "dlho[e _lVotes "ith ",hie/} thil~:E. duion is adoYJlJtd fron] Olle .hDm I kno» doth ~tdicatt ",I1atJoeVtr iI hif (ill tht ",ay oj Muficl.:/{oly to Jour [tlfi. B~ plt:4- Jed thtrt[ort ,. accrpt in good part th« wtll-mtaning of him, who in t~tS, til in aU things t/ft, dt/i1t~sb nothing mort than to txprt{s himftlft,

SI R,

Your Worfhips moll: humble, and moil affe'lionate Servant,

t.A Pltfact, Dr hritf DiJcour{e q(tht nstur« AI'Jli uJ~ of tht Scale or Gam-ut.

-- ---~. --- _'---'.--_._ ;. .'

THere is n?t.hing doth tr,ouble, and difgrace our Traditiona-l Mu(lcllo more, than the ambiguiry of the rerrns of Mn(lck, if bee cannot r:ghtly dlfl:i0t,uilh them" for the~

An he proh fleth : as it wee (sy :J lefler th rd can fills of a Tone, and a Semirone i here by :I Tone: is

meant 2 pe.-fl'tt Sound, or (3S they name it ) I whole Nore : Bur if W~ :15k in what Tone is this or . that Song mudc , then by Tone we intend the Key/ which guides and ends the whole Song. Likewifc rhc word ~ tltt is Io.nerime uf-d properly.as when' in reCpl'l't (l. tht forme ofi c, wee name it • round 0' (qllin·Nt\[~·,tf) I ('g:ud of the place we {'y.aNace in Rule, or :1 N xein ~pace; (0 Far the Time, wee C31l!! B: i. Ic, or Sembri.fe a long Note, a Chrocber, or Q_llvl'r 2 fhort Note. Sometime ehe word N~', i.\otherwife [0 he underflood, as when it isjil"" p'o !il".t., cht' (ignr for [he thing fignified : (0 we fay:J ihrrp.or flu N.>ce,me:sning uy tho word Note the found it {ignifir:'s; slfo we term I Note higb,or 'low in refpdl of [he found. The word N", fimplyproduc(d,fnt11 yet another ftgnificlcion,ls whm

we

· 'rhtnaturt andufe D~tht Scale or Gam-ut, we fay this is a Iweet Note, or the Note I like. but nee the words, we I he~ mean by this word N.rte, the whole Tune, putting the pare for the whole:

But this word '!l\!" with addition as yet far otherwife to be underftood.aswhen we (3y.a wholc:Note or a half Note, we m~ana perfcfl or lmprrfe{t Second which are not Notes.bur the {everal djf1:ances between two Netes.theone being double as much IS tbe otherjtnd althcug~ thts kind of callin!: ther a whole and I haU Nore.csrne in fir{l by.abuGon,f t cufiome hath now made IthlC Ipeech Pl[3~le.

I~ like-manner there' ca.!n be no gr~a~er indran e to him that defir. s to b,',:ome a MufiulO, than the want of the true un~ern,nding otthe SClle,which proJec:lHs from t h: e rro~1f of I he common Teache.r:' who can dot norhang without th"e old q.",_." In whieh there is hut one C~,ff~.lnd one Nore.and ye. in the {a me Cl ft~ he wilt fing" and (,/. Ie is moR: true that the: lirft invention of the Gil", ", was I gOOd. invcnrion,hut then the dlnlncelfMu~ck Wal cancelled within the number of twenty Nores , Co wereithefix Notes prop~T;ly invented to hetp youth in yowC"lhng. but the liberty of the latter age harh given M~fick more (pace botb above and below,alcering thereby the former' naming of rhe Notesi the curi.ns·oblerving wherof[bub bred mucb unneceffary difficulty to the learner I for the Icale may be more ealily and, plainly expref] by four Notes thla 'b y fix, which is done by lelviug out VI and It.,.

The fib{\; ince Qf aU Mufick and the true know-

A ~ , ledge

of thtnaturt 4nd uft

ledge of the Scile.confifls io the obfervation of the haltc N~(e.whjch is expreffed eirher by Mi Fe; ot La FA, arh1 they being known in their right places, the other Nott:s are rImy :lppl y-d unto rh-m.

To illultrat« chis, I win tlke the c~mmoi1 K.-·y) which we cill G4m ut,both (harp iu·, B,,,,i,!r'lo Ilae, as alto n:lt in l;'/lImi, and {hew how wir h cafe thty rnav bee expr-fled by thde Iourc Notes , which are Sol; LA, Mi, F ••

I [hall need no more th-n (J'W (·i~ht for all , and that I h.vechort'ntob~'clIl rhc BII;, becsufe sll [he:

I .

upp~r (:i~hrs depend updn dlt' lowell eight, and arc

the (3m:: with jt in na~ur.t'; then thus firR: in the

fharp I ---. -, .

~:-: :-:"::;~.::t±~ i+:,- -=rn- .

---v..~-¥--L---. ---- -:lj. v-·~-- -tl-

. -to' i~-;;;/..-fot;;·f; {' j .. ,;r;Ji-;-~-;;;-i~jl1 . - -

""""" '-

Fil n {)bfL'i v : the p'a xs of [he: half, N')t .s.which nrc mn\\l'd u ith 1 halre circle, and remember thlt if the lowefl be Ali F •• the upp:'r halle Note is L. Fa; and contrari wi!,:. if rh. .owefl halfe Note be La F., the 11 pp:r mull be Mi F II.

It will give grelt light [0 the underflanding of the Scale, if you erie it 00 a Lute, or Viol, for there you {ball plainly perceive that· there go tw:o frets to rbe raifing of I whole Note, and but one to I halfe Note.as on the Lute in thi~ manner the fonner eight

~nly be exprefled. .

Heere

of tbe 'Scare or Gam-ut. . ,

Heere you may diC-

r-- cern that between ~ -- ------~ ~n~ e,and C and E, == 4 t" ~z-g__- IS l~terpOre~~. fret, ..dLLL_L _ which makes It dou-

! ble as much as E and

F. which is markt for the hslfe Note, (0 the whole Note you fee conraines in it the {pace of two halfe Notes .. as A C. being th~ whole Note', contains in it tht:fc two hslfe Notes, U 11 and Be.

Now for the naming ·of the Notes, let this bee I generall Rule. above Fa ~vet to fing Sol~:tnd to Gng

S,t ever under L4. "

~ ......_.

=--:-===:- - '--~ t\. .:::=~----,.---+---+='~~=;:;:~:i:t:~:! " :~~--..-..;----+-

----v-¥------..-----..,._--------........- -e--f--

j,;t ,,, J. fil lit ,.j f. /.,1 fa In; IA 1,( I.e I. ,t

~ ; '-

Here-in the flit G4III.~t J you may finde L" F" below. and MiFAabove<.i which on the Lute take I their places thus: ;' - .. ~ _______ . __ --"_ The lower haIre'

-_... Note is betweene C

~4:i and D,the higher be.. _ :+' _-rL-,s_- ~ .. /. .rween £ and .A.: ~ut

A£L~..f. _ . next let us exarnme

. . - . . ' • thlsKey as it is flu i!1

~IA"', whIch being proper to be fee iA ~rt. fo IS J~ to be rung with eafe. L, infiea'tt of R." being che

nght l~mit$ of th~s ~jght. .. 121'

- A 4 ~n'

r' ,

, 7'he'llaturt 4nelu[t 'Dftbe Scale". Gam-u,t.

UKi f II here hol~s his place below, and L. ,,, ~.bo,eJ but yet removed a Note lower. The fame -on the Lute .

.... ' ._____ You {ball heer find

_ .. ~j _' e. ... the upper halfe Note

---------, - 't" p\ace~ I tr~t "lower

~..t..L~ 4- than It was inthe ex~..iZ'j).L _ ...... ample of the BuG ...

,; "' which W!lS fer:

down next before, by reafon of the flat in iU",i. Which makes that whole Note but haUe Co m ch as

Ie w lS being (harp. '

This is an esfie Wly for him th._t would either with aid of I Teacher, or b, his own indufi:ry learn to fiog.and if he Ol.n well bear in mind the placing Qf the hdfe Notes. it will help him much in the knowledge of the Cords, which hive all their variety from the halfe ~te!

~,

11111(1111111111111'1

t/I britft E"popt;'11 ofitht Gam-ur, or Scale of Mu{tck, Jbt"iJlg\tI /bDrt.tT ana {tnt,.." fir eaDing Notts inpnging, thtn tht Gam-: ue lIoth dtmDnjlrAttJ

I

THeG""...,. or S,.IIofMufick is nothing elfe in tff~a b~~;thcfe (even Letters A. b. e, d, e, f, g, ,fet tti> expreflesnd difiinguifh the (tveTal (Olltlds or degrees of rifing and falling with the voice. J¥ it were (0 many flrps to

go up and down by. ,,' ,

1 w ill the refore il)fi{r'upon thef: (e~en Lette~ which in the Sf.l, ot ,Mu{ick Ire called Cliffe I

(lJ·iI/i CIIl1JIJ) or Ktyes'~ for that they t' pen th Intlniog and nature of ,he Longs unto u • And I wlll sddrefs my courfe a~·ro to tbofe ~'ho Iy ignorane, for chofe who 31re.~y know their Song ntld

not ehis manner of teaching. '

When you loo~ upon i~,n, Song or piece of Ma .. tick five Rules, with one' of there (even Lettcrs fee in the beginning, (which.i:is called the Cliff) though in I Chanfier. which pe~~lpS you know not.

SQmetimes you fbaUl:Cee this 50 which is In F. and~ppropriated. to the iliac: Samet,imes this ~ which is I G. and belongs co the rreblc: : and fomlimes this f W~~ p ~"C, an" litccth all inward para~

When

- A"~ EXpo fit ian

, When you fee any one of there, you men imagine rhe P«.f~[!~C of aU the rdt ot i:hc ~ev('n lcttl rs, t very ~llh: and l very fpace Iiippofcd to have alecter Iii IC.

Ar; thUi: ~~----~--~~~~~--------

\Vhcreis tu be noted, chat next above g begins I bed &C. over ~ gain, and next beneath A downWU:.1 cr back wrrd, is g fed Bee. ov, r 3g1in.3s you

have Ievn in [h,fc exatnples. . ,

t1 ireover it is to be noted th:s: there three Cliffs ~ ~ ~ U1nd alw,ys the di1hnce of a Rule and two Spaces one from another which diilance is called I Eift; for in all dilhnces of Mufick we reckon both

the exrreams inclufively. , . ,

You tIUY difcerne their dil1:ance one above 1100';

ther more plainly in this example. "

I

I have fet in the lowell line the Greek G or GII~. mil, from whence the old: Scale of Mufick cooke i s

nsme, and I follow ther,~in the example of q*iJ , who did the fame to thew that he had iJfrom t e

Greeks. . .

Having thus declared! rhst theScale f Mufick is no more but thefe feye~.'Letter.s,fct to dill:inguiOl tbe feven degrees of the ~~oice (. in like manner :as they do Ute fC:'fcn dayes of the Week in the Callender)~it now reflerh, rbat \ve Ihew how Notes ft:an.' ding in there Letters Ire ~ be called. which' was the minde or intention of the old SCMI or G.",·IIIj for when we read in the ',lIle {uch words as there, G {DJ'rt .', fA III wj r" Bec. (which to I yong Beginner found like words ~f Conjur.tio~) the meaning is no more but tbl$, th~t I Note O:mding in G wals (omerimes-cIUcd 1,I,fometimes ",Inti Cottleo:

E imel It; arid' Co yOu mlY judge bf the relt.

Ell( wee will ebcdutle '~ In-a,., as u(tle'fs in our modern Mufick, andmske ufe ontly dfthe o~her

~!I! fyll~~~~! Wh.i~~ ~!! m~,f.,foJ, I~~ I~, If

- :A n E~PDfit;("

Ifit be asked, to what ufe Ierve there Cyllabfes?

I snfwer , the voice cannot Iptly bretth out any found without pronouncing fome fyllable or other, and thefe were nude choice of. as apt for that pur-

pc(~. . .

nut let. us no w proceed to our bu{indr~, and thew how thefe Cyllables are [0 bee applyed eo the . sfore mentioned feven Leners , that is ro flY, h9W Notes {landing in tbofe Letters are to bee called J which ( all raid before) was the intention of the old Serle.

To which purpofe it i .. necdfuy in the firn P~2Ct chat youknow in Whflt .Lctter M; is [0 be fungi to Mi wherefoever it bee I huh al wsycs FII~1 14 J.1 both above' it and below it, in Iuchord r Jot as you fee hac exprdleJ in the Mngtnc Y I fa which obfervstion it you once know the M' place of Mi, 311 the rea are knowne by con- J\ t. ftqut'nce. I will therefore give· you a Rule la

tor cJlt., and ihework is done- 101

. ~" .

------------~-------

.A'Rule [or Mi.

MI is placed either in B. or in E. or In vi. The firRasd moO: ufuall place ot M; is in B. but if 6 have this mark' fet in It,which is called I b fist snd maketb alwayes the Rule or Spue'in which it fhndcth F.) if B (I rlY h~,e this, ret in it J tbeD is ~.laced~~~.

But

I

Df 11ft Scale dr Gam-ut,

But if R have a\fo I L Iee in it, ,then of necdtici ycur Mi moll: be placed in A. Sometimes perhapl you {han fee a b flat lifo in cA' at the beginning of :& Song, which' will put your cJUi into D. bot (Ucll Songs Ire i rregular as ro the naming of Notes. (being rather intended for Inllrumenrs then voyers) and therefore not fie to be'propofed to yang Begin-

ners to fing. " .

The place of UKibeing thus known, tho! f( n bf the Nores both aboye it and beneath it foll~w ~n

order IS aforefaid, b

And this Rule alone is fL1fficirnt for • g lr

naming your Notes in Iny Cliff whatfoev r, bee it , for the-IBalfe,Tnble or Iq, inward parr, IS you ml~ fee demonfirated in this followjng S,.II. For cfler is no put which is ret to ~e fung,but it doth i~pto fome five of thoCc lines Contained in this S,Jt ... an example whereof I do gjvc you by thore litde Arches you fee It the fide o~ it.

MI in B NI iJ. MIi.A

4n B"poJition

And this is me fame in dfetl with the old SClle; onely we have excluded .t and rl; which heretofore were ufdull when every finging pitt in Mulick wd bounded witbin the compifs of fix Notes; but being now of a greater extent, 1# and re are nfltt onl V nfdeff: but troublefome-

HlVi~g (poken of the calling of Notes, I will treat a little of [he Tuning of them, though indeed this hardly fals in demonllrarion, five onely to fuch IS have the natursll gift or e~re to diflinguifh of founds. nor to thofe neither at the firft. wirhouc the fx~~pIl of (orne voyce or a(1.Hl:lnce of fome.I nfhument , which for demonflratioa fake I wilthere make u(c of.

Know rhen, thet from!. to rot ( riling) or. rom s,t co I., or from 114 to mi, 'the di(bncc of found is ruch a Viol or lute: doth make .: from the opt!n fl: ing to the fecond Free, or from the firft to the third, or any two hers )which we cal the diflancc of a whole

"Tone or Nore. Bl1~ betwixt",i and fA, or 14 snd f.,thc diflance of found is no more then thu which is fro~ the cptn firing to the firf] fret, or from any fret eo the next free to it, (0 chac whenfoerer you meet with fllC of which there Ire l in every oCtave) it is' to be anderfl:oocl thst this!. is but the dill:ance of halfe I Tone from the next Note under it.

And by this you ma v perceive I help towards the right luning of your Notcs bf mesOJ of calling them bY there aames,Mif.r,llA. which were iDventecfis well for order and diftinB:ion IS to fur-

- . ., - , - __ - ,_ ,. - ' niOa

j

of the Scale. or' Glai·ut~

~Hh the yoyce with apt !Cyllablts •. wherewith· it might exprefs its accent, and founds J uotill foch time as experience and pbaa-ice Ihould inable it to

order it felfe without ther~ helps, :

There Is one thing td; be noted concerning the b Aat we fpoke of before.:::'lf it be fct in the beginning. it fetvet~ all tbe Soog through; in Iny a.rher place , it fervcth onely for the Note it nalldeth before, and is fet rhere to make thlt Note halfe I Tone lower, or ~re Alt by hlUe a Note. or the dilhnce of one. frer;

At Io there is another rillrk made thus * which is called a Sharp, and being fet befores NoklCJ 8. IDSkct~ it halfe a rone highd'.'t but: dlth not alter the c~llmg of the Note as the!~ Rat do h •

. Thus. much concerning the na iog snd tuniRg ~)f NoriS, as for their lbea;rure or qu~ntity ~ou hive It here under exprcR; t~ether wkh theltna~ and valu~, (according to ~e.comm~n Moo )co~pared with the Meafure or nme which we bferee in keeping time with oar hand or foot.

1! F.rte 4 LOll' l Baiefc

J Stmbricfe 2. Minilll

4 erodet 8 ~avcr

Jill. Scmiqu~ () yet. .

~ I
1 ,
..., ~,
....... ,
A
V I I
.J
It ,.,
~ ~ r. '1
.
I J r> ,
'\
f
. . ' . . . . ...

.r

'~Ifj;~~jitiDn .&t~

The fidl: four 6gurrs lhew how many Times or Meafures go to tbore Notes IgainO: thtm,& the lin four thew how msny of rbofe Notes goeo I Tune.

The Ilrokes you ftr betwixt Ire eslled Rdb or Pauf Pi, and ar_e of the flme length or qluntity that thr N ores IrC. When you fee ,.:point or prick ft:t afeer .. ny Note.", it addeth baUe II much more to the N.lte as rhe Note is l~f irs owne qnanriry , '

For the nfi I refer you [0 your Book and further ~raa:!ce J for which I h3VC given you thjs prepara"on.

J. 1'. to tbe Ruder.

Of

1lllllllil'dliiliili

r '

Of Count,erpoint. ~

, ,

HE partS of Mu-fick Ire in all bui four ,ho*,(oevcr fome !ki(full Ma· fitilns Il.ve competed Spngs of, cwentt.tbirry, and forty parts: for bee the plrts never Io ~Y.

, they Ire ~bu~ one of rlle,fe four~ in nature- The names of tho(, four putS Ire there. Tij B .(1, which is th~ I,owen: pin and foundacion of I whole Sqng: The T'''(J~!,,- placed next a ove th, 'B./,: N~xtabo'e the r,.w-rhe M,,,,,,, . r C,"'" ,.,. r'''''',tnd in the highee plsee the r,.,i .'Thera. 4 parts, :~~Y the ·Learned ~~:e"riid to reCc.m~ e rbe 4 Elements. the ~(e expr~1 h the ~rae nature of-the Earth, who being the gra,dl: and loweR: of III ~hc Elements, is IS a foundltiqn tQ the reD. The Tenor ' is lik~ncd to the Water.· the Mean to the' Ayre, .~~ the Trdble to the F ire. MoreoY~r •. by how mach the \yucr is more lighc tb~ ~he Earth, by, Co much the A,,~e .•• lighter ~en thl Water, and Fire then Ayre: They hate: ,lro in ~ir nacive property CV~ ry one place above the otbct, the lighter uppcrmo(l.' t~e w~ighticn in tho bot~omell Hiving now demonaR~ tha~ there Irc in all bat fou~e plrtS, .D~ rhat the Blfc is the foLindalion of the other, three, I

~II~C ~bac. ~~~ ~e Ii&hc ~~d jD1~cnc of ihc ~~

i OfCDunttrpoint.

pet three muG proceed from the lowefl., which is the Bale. and a\fo I conclude that every pare in nature doth aft~a his prupet and nstural! place as the Et~ments dot.

*CDunterpoint, in LatineCOMtra pundum, 7fJM that old maner ofcompojing pares togtthtr, l, /'ttting points or prjc/ttS on~ AgainJl4nOrhtr ( III Minims snd Stmbrit[sart rtt in tllil fol. lowing Tltati{e J the mtlJ{ure of whICh l"inls or pricks, wert fung according to the qu,nt ·t1 of the words or SJ~14t·l(s to rrlJich th.t, aer« . 'PlJed, .( r« tht{e Figurts ~::.~ ~ terre not Jet in'L't}~ted.) A/tJ.d) hecAII{e in pI4i.fo~~ Murz'1ut ~e Jet Note 4gaiRfl NOle, 4S th~1Iditipoi1Jt 4- ~a"infl point, then" it Ii thJt tb" kinde of Mujiqr:u dot b ~iO ret aine tne nam« of counttr"int.

I'ruc it is that the ancient MofitI311S. who i tend ed their l'.1u(1ck ~me\y for t f\e Church, cooke heir ·{1~hr from the Tenor, which was rather done out of nee. !lily chen lny ~t:(pefl to the true nature ofMuIick.tor it W3S ufusl with them to h3V~ a Tenor as I Tn~:lm,to which they were compelled to adapt their other paris: but I wit! phinly convince by demonftrltion that contrary to fome opinions, the HaCe conr« ins in it both the AirC! and true judgement of the Key, expreffing how Iny man at the lir n fIght may view in it 111 the other parts in their ori&inlU

t~n~ .

10

of Cqu~ttrfDint. . 3

I, .

Tn rtfpea of the variety in Mufick which is attai.

ned to by far tIEr proceeding in the Art. IS whep Nores are fhifred out of ~heir nitive places.~e naCe above the Tenor .or the 1r enor abov.cthc: Meao,lnd the Meln above the Treble. chis kind ofC()unte~ .. poinr.which I promiCe,tna.y appear fimple and pnly fie for yong beginners, (IS indeed chiefly it is) .. tt [he right· (peculation may give much ratisfl~ion. even to [he moR: skilfull ~I laying open onto them. ho_w mdni~dt: 'and ccrtaige arc the firftgrouD~s 1£

Ccunterpomt.· . . . .

Fidt,ic is in this clCe r~!quifite t~t. formil BaCt ; or It leaR: put thereof be·'tramed, the'NO~CSJ ri~ng snd falling 3cc~ding to ~"e nature archat pare.noe

,fo mu.c~ by. degrees. IS ~!·'·leaps. dfa thir I,fO.tIrth. or fift,br eight, a fixt be . ,'g feldomt, I Ceventh nc:~ ver uCed,and neither of b til WiEiJodt the difcretion of i skilfull Compofer-. Next wee aiull: confider whether 'he Bafe doth rire or fall, for in thlt confifl:s the myO:ery: That rifilj1g or thlt falling doth ne-' vet exceed a fourth. for I;j:founh above, is the fame ~blt ~,lifth is undemcatb. ,: and I. fot1nh unde~nea.th IS as aj'"fihh above; fQr ex.anplej If • Blfe {bawd rlfc

thus: ; I 2, 3

m:t'J:,:fj;:th;~: 4.11. ;1;11

mu(l.kl~tdf"'ing, ; .

• n~ lilt1lift if it fAIl IIIIj tliflAnre mort (hep,

f.~!~~~h~lf~~i!'l ,,!uft l' ,.,Iii. 'riflllg~

• 1. TIltj'

4 "of CDunter!'int •

. The firft riAng is {,iJ to be by degrees, betl ure there is noN ott beeweenthe two Noees,the' {(cand riling is by leaps, fot G. skips oyer A. '0 s. and to leaps into I third, the third example .1 Co leaps two Notes into I fourth~ow for this fourth it the !bfe hid defeended from 6~ .bove to C. underneath, that de.ccendjn~ 6ft in fight and u(e hid been all one wich the fourth. IS here you may dlft;ern, for they both begin and end In the (arne keys : rhus, _.

If your Bare fbould faO " r t-- G C

'f)t~th, it j tut tht fame ;ss if -~: --~-*

it aid riJe 4{tfond, Dr "Ji"~

f,.Uill/. ii- i-Ul the fame of. - c_

thiririftllg: IJ.lJdJoon the (DJlltYA1"if tb BAj/tdo ,ire 4{t1JtIJlh 01' Jixtb,it Ulht r~"'t 11$ thQugh it did f~/J a {tcond or third.

ThiS rule Iikewile holds ,f [he Notes dCli1end I fecond, third, or fourrh , for the fifth iCC(O ing is :_:It one with rbe tourth defcending, example of the fleCt Notes.

J 2 ~ Tbe third two Not

~~~ I %:~ f~::!:1 :t:~:::lk:r~b~~I!~:i

_ this fifth fOUOW1D~.

But let us make our approach G D

yet nearer: i" the BaCe thalllC· cend either a feeocd, - tbird, or

fourth, that pare which Rlnds - (.i D

jn 'he t-hird or tenth abere ,he BaCe, 81.11 fail ..

. . . -'.

;1

~ of C'''lIttTpoim, s

10 tight. thit which ill Rife thaU paCi into I third, and thlt which is Ul eighdJhall repJO,c into a fife.

But that aU this may appear more j 8 '-3 J-s I plain and elfie., hayC drawn it aU in- I I S-

eq thefe fix: figarrs.- .! . J S

. Though y~ finde here ~~Iy mm..

tioned InJ figured a third,;;, fitt, and eight J yet n~t onl, theCe tingle concordsare q1eaor, bot by them Illo their eompounds, as .'eenth. a tweiftb •• lifteenth, and Co upwards, Ind 11('0 the oniCQIl u well

IS the eight: .. ".

~, th'tir f(Jmplll~Js ~ m,,,,nt their ,8IfJtt, u a thi~d And ;tS' tights, ;I fifi'" .nJ ils tights, C/c. . . ~. : ThiS beiog granted, I-will give ypqexi pIe of

1 t~o~ fic~res prefixed: \\{nen the Blre. rife: h, begtnDlng rr0!'1 the lowtll6g~re. and riling totbc

upper I IS If the Bale (houJd '. t -,

rife I fcco~d. in this.msnner.B sr= ~+~e~_""'I:

Then If yo~ will begin =~~_:_:_=_: .... : __

with yoar third, you muR Cet .

your Note in A./"",;r, • wllich i~ a third to Fl •• '. and Co looke upward. and thlt cord which ,all fee next If)o~a I." t uCe, and that i, In eight in (j1,1n ...

. After that. it you will t.~e I 6ft to te 610ft Note~ yoa moO: look upward and rlke the' third ,.ou 6ndc there for the (econ~ Note. 'L.81 y. if )'011 take an eight for the hI ft Nete,you IJlDil tI~ fOr the Cceond Note the cord abo~e it," which is rhe lift. .

, , ..

B. J ZN,.,l~

6

of counttrprnnt.·

A\beit any man by the riling of puts. might of himtelfe conceive tbe fame resfon in the hllmg cf them, yet that nothing mly be thought ebfcure, r will alCo illullrste the defcending Notes bi OC.l!1l ..

ple, .

If l·he Bare defeends or falls, a- Iecond, third, or fOQfth·. or rif~th I tift (which is all one as if it ff.\i f~Ut!O I:fourth, IS hath beene Ihewed before) then look QP,QO. tbe fix·figures •.. where in the fitfl:'plac~ yon fball6ndethe eight which defeends into ~he ~bjr(r. in t~c fecondplsce the third defcending into the fifc.and 'il1 the third I~d ~aft place the'6ft which hath under it In eight., T,.,f/,~

. .

i; •

The firfi two Notes fall a (('cond, the fecond and third Notes faU a fite, which you mufl: csll riling a f(IDrt'h, the third and fourth Notes rife a 6fr"which y~u mull name the fourth :falling, .thefourth and f ft N~~es riCe a (ccond. the fift and (txt Notes fall :t third~,the fixe and {eveftth Notes al(c filii third. the Ceventh and eight riCe .·'e~ond " the ~jght and ninth NOtes rife I fonrth , the ninth' lad tenth fall I fourth, the tenth and eleventh Notes fall a lift, which you maR reckon rifi~g I fourth. ' .

• cirg thus prepared , }'!OU mlY chore whether you witt begin with in e;ght, or·tift, or I third.; ft?r IS foon IS you hive taken any one o~ them, aU

, B 4 the

, __ ,of CO~tf~~~

the other Notes follow necdr,rily without re(pc~ of tile reA: of the parts, and every ODe orderly 'vithout initio" keeps hispreper place abovethe other,

IS here you mlyeafily difcern . .

, .' 8 J 8 J 8 ~ S ~ 8 J S.

7"rIJ/I·~~!~fjiJmi [~

5 8 5 8 5 8 > a~, 8 5

~11.n"f#jeJ1tll!:oJ~

~5,~ ~ ~",~~~~

Tmor. ~Mlg~--++--- _-

7J~. ~Hf~~FB~·

t,ee usexsmine only one of the pares, Ind let ]at be the Tenor, becmfe it Ilands nextto the lJl(~. he 6rn Note in B .is a third to the Bafe,which defce d) to the Ieeend N xe ot the Bafe: Now look among the fix figures. sod ~hen you have: found the third

. in the upper place, yo~ lha1l6nduoder it! filt.rhen

. take that fift which is C.next from F. to 'B .below, is • fif~ defcending, for which Cay ifcending.and (0 you {h~1l1ook for the fifth in the: lowel'\: row of the figures. above ,!hich ~ID~S a third which is eo bee taken; that third {lsrid. In p. then from 71. to F. the~ llli. riCes 16ft.bllt you muG' fa 'i faUipg,bc~u(~

• •

of. c~nt"";nI~ ,

linn riGng and,. fowth flUin! is aU cae; Ii ha~ been often declared befOll; now I chird whea ~ ,.(, falls requires I fitc ~ to follow .it ; lat whit needs further dcmonfirltion when'l he cuckoo .. his cords, "nnot but CQn~eiYr the nc~efiicyofcen. fequence in ~11 thcle with hclpc of thare fix fi-

gures? .

When 10U hIVe 7n4tlt Ii f".mJl/Ja{e, .nd "ould ioyne ,r/ltT tlireeliJTu to ;~, fef the prffi Note o!jold Tenor titl," .I. third, PIt, or tighih ",hove '01lT ~,re (Dht,b orthem you pleft )lIhiJ. dont,pliJte JO," ¥.e.n i. the ~"t Cord". p"j a/;f1Vt jour Tenor, "BtI;J'ur Trthle ;IA ~ht ntxt Cora ~t,)e JO" t.Mtan, the» roO,. the Rule If ,our figurts "ce,rding_ to the riJjng IT {Afling oftl Jour Safe, And Ihe ~t~tT Notes w'~J(J/JQ" In tbttr

aut order. . - . ,

Put let them tbat have not proceeded fo fir, take this Note with them con¢erni~g the placing ~f the parts] if the upper put or Treble be 10 eight, the Meane mu{\ tlke the r.ext Cord WIder it. which is :i 6fe, & the Tenor the next Cord under that which is I third. But it the Treble be I third. chen the Meape muft take the eight, and the Tenor the ifr. Again.' if the Dpper~a pan nands in the 6ft or ewelfe •. (.for in rcfpeaot the Learned cate. in the fimple Concord I conclude all hi~ compounds)mm ~ !t1cIOC lIlufi bee a tmtb. and the Tenor 16ft.

. )4o~,cr

10 of Countt1point.·

Moreover all there Cords Ire to be feen in the Jkfr, and fuchCords 15 Rand above the Notes of the -Bafe are e3City known. but ruch as in fight are found ondet it, trouble the yong beginner;lec him therefore know that a third under the Bafe, is I fixt above ir, & it it be I greater third, it yields a leffer fix :above i if the lefler third. dIe greater fixe. A fonrth undernrath the B • f.: is a fife abo,e ~ and I fife under the Bl)f.~ is a fourth above it. ·A Iixt beneath the B~(e is a third sbove , and if it be the lefT~r fixe, the is the third above [he greater third, and if the grea er fixe II idem: ath , then is it rhe !etTer third aboe ; and thus Iarre have I djgr~ lTt'd for. th9 Schollsrs

Cak~·. .. .

It this Di{eour{t o!cart!s under the Bl7{tdtJt tronble tilt young hf"inntr, Itt him thinke n~ 1JJor~ upon them (for it is not intrnded th'at bit fJ;ruld plac« an] _Vo"tfS htlow tht BAft ) hot l~t hillJ look for be's COl ds , rtekoning al",ayts from lj_, BJft upward; "'/lie" that ht ma, mort ,a[ily pnform , Itt him draw elnxn lines (whuh is ,be "hoi, compa/s oftht SeAlt) and/d the tbre« lI{td €JijftJ in their propt, pl4tts, tbis done, be« 11I4J11",&k hil Bare·in the lDwtfl fi1J' lines , and tbtn {tt th« Dther tbre« pRIS in the;r Driuly diJlII~&tS ahove the BljJt, ~Dt~. ag';1Jjf NottJ ·M

,. III {tt in this Ex,,;,plt.· _ .

. _ ... _. -- - Trt61e

of COllnfnplint.

,I

. ! •
~ 'I' . v , ; 1\ • -I. ~
,__. n~ ~,,,,, .". .: Ji ~-W' ~""
,,~ iii;, ~ "11 I~~ .~; '4 '. - ,.,., .. :-n .: ~..,." ~ ~
~ D .,- .u !AI ~~a 'Il -,I.... u '1~. DY
~ .-~~ ~ I[ C'~~ r" ~ , •.. .c-'~ • 1\ ~ ·~~~1. o r:;;c-O ~ I
~ - . ' II ' U - I'"
~. ~ ~ l. ... t!'
~J. l ........ - )
-41- ..... • i ~t, '"
1 .... A
"1 " ,Ph,ch hting pri'kl InftVtraU purts, apptartth th:u :

~ 8 ~, ~ ',8 ~ ~ ~

--..a--@tE!til]tttT"~/'.

8 ~ s ~ 8 .5 8 3 8 ,-

~-m~~_t9Mr.wr.

I ~ ~, 8 -s g s s 5 I

f=~I1EEf:ftf.9r'"6r'

~=.:j::l-: j -- _.=tt-

~~-:!~=+~:!= : .._ __ : :i=fl:~BArt.

IlhaVt propo{tel tilt rJrmtT txamplt of eleuen lines, to lfad th« ,onx btgin1Jtr to a tree kno,,ltdgt ~f tb« S (Alf, D';fhout ~h;ch nothing C4n he tJjt£ti;1 h~t hAVing snce Rot that ftllDwluJgt) lt~bin. ,~n cDmp'{tliisMu{ick ;n{e7J.trA1 paris, AI be {tttb in ~hil {teDn~ t"amplt.

It , of CDltnttrpD;nt~

Btfore 1~'l.Df",·thtr 1thi,. it lI~t Ami[s" d'Vtrti{t the Jon!. Bt~innn-, t~'" {o .ften M the BJr~ d~th faIL a PIt, ,r rift" fo.-th (~i,h ;s .Il en« M hath been laid) that pMt ",hi,h is. ,hi,. to tht Ba[t in the anttttdtllt Nott, tb.t tbird ( f tty muft tt/~4JtS .he tht /bArp or gre~ttr tllire!, III it JP.U appartnttIJ the laft ex~mpk offour p4Tt , in the third Note ~! the third B~r ill the Trth p.-t'lt,and lilu~iJt in tb« la~'Note hIlt one oft t 741ft!!·, in both w/;t&h pl4&es tbere is" .[tl 9- 1J16/{t it lhi grtl-ur third, Tht fam~ it to bt 0/;.

Jrru'·d tn "hat pPt {Olver lhil tbird /b41 happtn.

If I filOll\d difcover I~O IlIsr~ then this alrC3d~ Ot-rfphered of Counter-point, wherein the nariv order of four parts with ufe of the Concords. is de .. L"1Onfirarively txprdfe'd,mighc I be my own Judge. J h~ t ff,;a~d more in Counrerpoinr, thenany man before:' me hath ever strempted, but r will yee prbeeed a little further. And thst you may p-:rCr ive how conning an~ how certaine nature is in all her oper itions, k~ow. thlt what Cords haye held good in this afcending and defeending of the BaCe, an(wer in the ccnerar y by the very Came rule. f~h not (0 formally IS the o.ther t yet Co" thlt much uec: is" and Dl3 y be made of this Cort of Counter- point. To

~eep 'the figures in your memory. I will 18 J I · here place them Ig~D, an~ ~~ tb~ i SJ

4 pllin tS.amplcs. . 3 11 IIJ

In

I

I4~f Counterpoint.

~ 5 ~ In t~is example

:;::t:=t:ttt=HW::lt the tift and (ixt !t:~: -:!lS-:-.t1f notes of the three

8 ~ I upp~r p~ res are

j-r- l~":':"'=1:1~ after the fecond

. ..!_:~=-=m:!:.=!:= way,for frornrhe 5 8 3 fourchNoc('?f [~e

~~~¥-~~it:J:±!f-i)(i 1 ~l(lr~01 ~?IC~nl~

fl---- -tl+--~--- ---- J~oech to B. is a 3.

;3.-:'~:-O::*Ir:h:§=:~ [ifin~, fo dnt ac_:~:==I::.: =I::±:f:.t i':- cordins torhemrfl:

-. --- .- -'-- -_. R "I e the 8 all

. . ,

pIt's inro a fifr, rhc.fitt into a ~.che 3 inro an 8 u:

inro an l'l~hr, and rhe rhird into a fife;:I d by thtfe Notes ypumay cenfure the reft: ofrhat kinde, .

wben Jour B,,1fe ~anddh ~iU (that IS tOJa!:, hath two or mort Notrs tOl,tther, in one and t e {arne pl.let) you may ,hurt' J¥htZJ," you wiD ma e Jour other parts do {o too; or cban!,e tbem; ,u you [ee ear eAuthor 1)4fh dam in the {eiond Note of thil pr([tnt rxampl», IJJOU ,h.l1gt tbem you may tlo it either hy the Rille of dt{,tIJding or a{c~ndin!. which you p/fll[e, fa JOU dp but 06[eTVt

·formality.

Though I m3Y now Ieem to hay: finHhed all tlilt belongs to this fort ot C()unrerpoint,: yet there remains one Ieruple, thatis, howthEflXtwayclke

. place

OfCoUlJtttl";nt~ . IS

\ . .

place h, [.4, which I WIlt I'fo declare. Know thac:

whenleever a fixe is requifle, IS in B. or in E. or A. [he key being in GMIIN' , 'you may take tbe fixt in ih'3d (,f the fift , and ufe the Camq Cord Iollowing which yon would hi v~ tllten if the former cord

had been a fihex:tmple. r, ,

, ; The fixe in

--=$.I~# both places

~+ .. (the Bl{eri·

--- - : fing ) p3(f~S

.~; ¥In~rij ~:id~h::!

.R: (0 J . .done~ If the

·~~~~~==I~fi~. ~,=-,

~:!::--4- - ld ~ o,er Jt the

~r:f *-ffitrJtS ~t:I~~~Sni~

-- -_- , - F. ilarpe ;

then muG wee take ,he fi~t of neceffi~y, but the tight to the Bafe may not lle uted, Co chat excepti c onis t~ be taken Iglinft oUr rule gf Counterpoint:

To wtiich I Infwer thus: ;firft, filch laCes arcnot true: l)aCes. for where .lil1t is to b,t.ken either in F. lhlrp, or in E. fharp. or in B. or ia A. the true .8:1(( is a third lower, F •. l1up in D. E. in C. Be in

G. A. in F. IS for eXlmple. .

IIttdoth nDt MIAIJ Ihlll {11th 8d{tlllrt ~1IIl

f.l{t, ~ ~tf~fli1)t, ~1I1 !~~! ~f1 ~~~ ( ptrhaf;

. fir

.~

16 OfCDUIJttrl'int.

fw tkg,IItJ or 'lJ4r;tIJ) .JJ.mti the III-turf 0/' {tJmt othtr p~rt for ~ Nott Or ',.0, IJnd [0 J)al~t

the JuD 14titudt Df , :J.[t in tiD/I NDttS. .

o In. the firn

~iiil*[£:Et!] Blre rwo tiics ===t::!= -- __ ~ Ire to be taken

, ' by reafon of i'he

imperfection of the Bile. ~anting due IltitUdC"t',-e the one in E. the other in F.fuarp,but in th~ 2. 8 fe the Ci~tS are removed _way. & the MU!iCt is fulo r,

. Neverthelefs , if Iny be plt:af,d to u e the Blfe f113rp,rh'en innead of rite eight to the BaCt. he may rake the third to the Blfr, in this Ill.nner.

. ~. .' Heere the Treble in the thj:~

====t::r-=tt Note. whenit Ihould hlTe pi ~~=t::ii inthe Q1arp eight in F. tlkes. £i.

it I third co the BaCe in A.which

j-:.::::j-~f!il csufeth the, Bare and Treble to

.::t . rife two thirds. wberecl wee

, - win (peak here:.lfcet. .

1= i-i~i . rq·ote alfo thlt when the Bare =-= ~ -= nand. in E. Rat I and the part

.-:._ --- that is an eight to it muft pl[e -;-' _ _ ,into I fhl,rpe t Or greater third, ~.!:ii~~ thlt this' p:dfage from the Rlt to --~ the (harp would bee unformsll.; ~d'therefore it may bee thus with (mtll.lt.ntion avoided·. by removing the latter patE of the Note

~. ~to die thir~· iboyl,which ~~~ugh if ~~et! In unfo" i·

. n

- r '

of Colint~"point. 'i 7

fon wi[,h the upper part;yer it is righe good,becl,ufe it jumps noz with the whole ~ but ond; with die

lIfi half~ .t ic. .

- ,
~t: .---- . ....
f--
. . ~ -- ~ -~- . ~
U
- _, ~. - , ;-" "",
- ......... -. - -
F\l:" • _ ...
'Wu I -'" !lI:U
-n -v
.. r or rbe Iecond examplelooke heresfeer in the rule of thirds , but for the 6~0: example here: a in [he Mease put the third Note that isdivided , had Ilood tjll a Minum (as by rult-lit lbould) and (0 had pIn in F. Iharp , IS it mun of forcebe made lhlrp at a c.lo(e.lt had been then palling unformal1.

Btlt if the fame Bale bad. beene fet in the IDlrpc key ~ the rell of the plrt woald have faloe out fermall of themfclyes wiboDt any help, as ~bus:

c

IS of CDunttrpoint

"b,f/" iIEflm

M'-'II~~ T,*,~. J~tm

71-/" ~~iLli

tns}' bre3k it It' your pl('~fI &f the 9iher put~ :._ as for


-!j Whtn the DICe
_-= lhsll nand nill in
one key, IS above
~1 it doth in tbrthird
__ Not(", then the 0-
, rher parts may
remove at their
plesfure •.
Moreover, it is
__ to bee obft:rvcd
£-~ thatin c<VJlpofmg
~- of tbelhC~ • r.0U
ure, WI( hout altering Iny
rXllrptr.
@!+-t--,_ _:--
A.. "-.
-v ~ A
-,,-- ~o v
--....--. .
Wfi41
1in$¥~1
-t--
, '-T
.t :.~ 1 A.
V
A
...
• • - a -
11 -n-
• .... I n T ....
I" .A: "T T V
I V q:..; .... _ .. lil
• oj count~rpoitJt. 19

. One other obr~rvltion)more I will handle. thlt doth arir~ out of this example, which • Ctordihg to

the firll Rule m!y hold rhus: .

Tr,~/,. ~mm !~c.ifi,Rre~:~l~:

cond Notes of the --f-t-t-·~ Bale and' Treble J c.)J{,.",.~t~=~~~=E!:i.Wh~ the third ~o· :fl -----:- [he Bi(e ,ought to

F---tg' have been ~tp. teoT,",~. ~=t=~ -.,' condlj in .: (ecoo~ . -- --,' and third otes of

. _ * I the fame paiJI • 8./1. ~t*Im ~hcrubethl~bc.

-- ----- --- -mg a lcf{ff third.

bolds while the B.Cc: falls i'itco I lite which is uncliglnc. bue it the up~r -rhlrd had been the greiftr third,the fife hid fitly follow·d,as you may lee in the third and, fourth Notes of t~c Tenor and the Bafe.

BUt~Jhat fcraple l8Iy be bken aWlY by making the fec8nd Note of rho Trel;)Jc lhlrp. and in field of • fift by temo~in; the t~ir~ Note into I fixr.. _

wht" II.' ,,,,.,,.,,,J,IJ iIIolh It,,,,, fht Schol-

ler 1Itt~ not 'l' him{tlfe to the forI iules Df the' "fe riftng or {J/ing, IJ.t mil] tAltt ruth Cords' III his Geni", /hJJ prompt hi", II, hltt/;ng " ,are 'hM ht t.,,,Of t".tightf '"' fiits tlJgetht7', ririjng '! f,,~;"g "J.~;JfI iJ»J hiD PaTlS "h.st{oe ..

J C 2 - 'Ii" ;

L

sc of counttrpoint.

vtr:T;s true, OilY .Author did invent thy Rule of the figurts IU the eap'fi way to lead the Jong Be${i nner to thu ~'I'VJd oj (opo/uion,in n-hicJ, he hath dane ",t1!'t then any that I have tVr,. [tf.n upon Ihis {uhJt8 ; but thlllJt did to fluw Ilu fmootht{t fI7'1 , And not to tye by schaUer to kttpt ftri81y that ~ay ,,1)tn'lJ hlocke or floRe /hould happen to lJ in it, hut thllt h~ may t n (uch a caft fiep out Df thtl fr4y.for a Nole or tuo, and then rtlurn, ,,-

fl,aine into it.. J'

. t'xltmtlt.

::.5t[/i tE=t Thmmay= ti-_"

t) - . :IXif yet, be more ~=b:O:: -

r variety sf ..

~ t~~f:ir;t~:t~~,y ~~~ -til -

i-------- ----I: J L ~ --------

++ Ul'! Il1g tile fl. '

.-'~t~t:::-:t=t=j [ou: thNotts m-D:~

g t ~:O::!:b:~:~ ol [he Upp~1 __ _ _

+f=--- ----- P:H[S accor- --- ~

_~~ ding to the .. ~

~ -,. -:i:-:- Iecond rule, fr."Ei, i 1=

--_ ~t~- rhus ; ' :=!:'_'--'~t--.....;-~:

But thlt 1 'my (as neare as I C30) leave nothing unroucht concerning this kinde of Counterpoint, lee us now confider how two thirds being taken together berweene the Treble and the Bafe, may lu.oJ with our Rule. For fixes Ire not in this cafe

# • -.

EO