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Portable Particle Counting

System
PAMAS S40

Operation Manual

PAMAS Partikelmess- und Analysesysteme GmbH


PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

Operation Manual PAMAS S40

REV 11.08.2006
REV 20070219MS: USB connector description, warning for LV
connection added
REV 20070730SB: Error codes added.
REV 20080418SB: complete revised version
REV 20091006SB: removal of battery before disposal of
equipment added
REV 20091028 SB: Drivers Download Software
REV 20101208 SB Cleaning of Filter
REV 20110114 SB Low Dead Volume Version
REV 20110628 SB Charging battery
REV 20121114 SB Battery charge indicator
new revision of DL-Software
REV 20130225SB Calibrated Flowrate
REV 20131024SB Option: Alarm
REV 20150129SB Certificate RoHS & REACH Compliance
REV 20160126SB new Download Software
REV 20160430JK USB memory stick
REV 20160303SB new Declaration of CE Conformity2016

Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft


Corporation. All trademarks and product names mentioned herein are
properties of their respective owners and companies.

All information given herein may be changed without being notified.

No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted by any form


or by any means without permission of PAMAS.

2016 PAMAS Partikelmess- und Analysesysteme GmbH

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

Table of Contents About this manual 5


1 Safety Precautions......................................................................... 6
2 Laser Safety Information ............................................................. 8
Laser Safety
Internal Laser radiation
Laser Caution for United States User
Laser Safety Label
3 Unpacking.. 10
4 Description. 11
4.1. Basic Features
4.2. Product Overview
4.3. Options
4.4. Software 12
4.5. Fluid Specifications
4.6. Compatibility of the Sample Fluid
4.7. Electrical Connection. 13
4.8. Technical Data
5 Installation............................................................................ 14
Protecting the Instrument
Connecting up
Which Pressure is used for Sample Transport
Flowrate and hydrodynamic Conditions
High Pressure Sampling 15
Low Pressure Sampling. 16
Lube-Oil Systems
Low Dead Volume Version
6 Making a measurement... 17
Preparing the oil sample
Making a measurement
Starting Measurement Procedure.. 18
Stopping Measurement Procedure
Shutting Down
7 Setup Menus... 19
7.1 Calling up the Set-up Menu
7.2. Main Screen... 20
NIST/AC
New Sample
Setup
Printer
7.3. System Settings... 21
Recalibrate Touch Screen
Change Display Contrast........................................................................................ 22
Reset Display to Default
Reset to User Level
Set Administration Level
Administration Level

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

Extended Systems Setting................................................................ 23


System Time and Date
Pump Current
Simulation S31/P40... 24
Language
Admin Password
7.4. Profile Setup.. 25
Edit/View
New
Delete
Profile Editor.................................................................................... 26
Profile Name
Measurement Setup
Save Result as
7.5. Profile Flow Chart..................................................................... 27
Tolerance Range................................................................................................... 29
DQ ISO 11171........................................................................................................ 30
7.6. Calibration Setup..................................................................... 31
8 Maintenance . 32
8.1. General Maintenance
Rinsing
Rinse fluids
Checking Cleanliness
Shutting Down
Cleaning of the Filter 33
Changing Printer Thermo Paper Roll 34
Charging the Battery
8.2. Spare Parts.. 35
8.3. Communication..... 36
9 Troubleshooting 37
10 Service 38
11 Removal of the Battery before Disposal of the Equipment.. 39
Option: Alarm 40
Appendix A: Glossary....................................................................... 42
Appendix B: Diagram Viscosity - Temperature.............................. 43
Appendix C: Hydraulic Plan............................................................. 44
Appendix D: Download Software................................................... 45
Declaration of Conformity................................................... 49
Certificate of Compliance - RoHS Declaration.................................. 50

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

About this This manual gives a description what has to be done to use and run
manual the PAMAS S40 in a way that gives the best safety and makes the
best use of its properties. We encourage you to read thoroughly all
the instructions given in this manual.

Please pay special attention to all safety instructions. Make sure that
you have understood the meaning of what is written herein and that
you are able to follow the instructions. Take care of all governmental
or administrative regulations and safety precautions.

Please, do not abuse the instrument in a way that it is not in


compliance with the descriptions given herein or in special written
agreements with PAMAS.

In case of any problem you face when using a PAMAS S40 system,
and if all description given in this manual is insufficient to solve the
problem, or you are in doubt, please feel free to contact your local
PAMAS dealer or PAMAS headquarter.

PAMAS is running a continuous improvement process.


Improvements only can be done when knowing about the problems
that come from applications or the use of certain equipment. Please,
give us support in improving our products: Tell us what we can do
better in future.

Please, be aware that only well calibrated measurement systems


can give reliable results. We are ready to give you the needed
support for doing all the service and calibration you need for your
instrument.

PAMAS offers service on demand as well as service contracts. Feel


free to ask us what we can do for you. We will supply you with the
needed information if possible. This ensures you that your PAMAS
particle counter will give good service for the longest possible period.

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

1 Safety
Precautions

This symbol highlights WARNINGs for dangerous situations with risk of


personal injury or damage.

This symbol highlights important information, which may make life


easier for you.

Any person who will be allowed to work on this instrument, perform any
repair, installation, or calibration need to be trained well and need to
have the appropriate tools available. Otherwise there is the risk of injury
or damage to the system.

Whenever you want to perform actions on that instrument, please make


sure that you checked possible risks first. You must satisfy yourself that
your planned actions are safe for you and others. We only can give you
advice in cases where tools, actions, and procedures are defined by us.
Make sure the product or its environment will not be damaged or be
made unsafe by any action you perform.

If any doubt arises about the correct, safe method of performing any
action on the instrument, do not proceed! Seek out expert assistance or
supervision from a qualified person. If needed, feel free to contact
PAMAS headquarter directly.

The safety information provided in this manual serves as a basic guide


in an attempt to prevent injury or death. Please, be aware that PAMAS
cannot anticipate every possible risk or circumstance that might involve
a possible hazard. This makes it impossible to give warnings for every
possible risk in this manual or on the product.

All warranty is void in case of any other use than described in this
manual.
There is the risk of severe injury to man and even death in case of
abuse of the instrument.
There is the risk of damage to the instrument and any installation in
case of abuse of the instrument.
PAMAS will not be liable in case of any use other than described in this
manual and without written agreement from PAMAS.

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

Avoid injury caused by slipping or falling. Do not allow tools or parts


lying around the work area. Remove and clean up spilled fluids
immediately.

Check hydraulic oil lines, tubes and hoses carefully. Follow basic safety
precautions when doing that. Do not use your bare hand to check for
potential leaks. Use a cardboard or some paper when checking for a
leak. Escaping hydraulic fluid under pressure may penetrate your body
tissue, causing serious injury, and possible death. If fluid is injected into
your skin, it must be treated immediately by a doctor familiar with this
type of injury.

Personal injury can result from hydraulic oil pressure or hot oil. Relieve
all pressure in a hydraulic system before any caps, lines, fittings are
disconnected or removed. Exceeding the maximum fluid temperature
and pressure can cause an explosion, resulting from bursting hoses
and/or failed connectors.

Personal injury or death can result from a fire. Flammable liquids may
cause fire hazards, especially when spilled on hot surfaces or electrical
components.
Do not smoke while working on or near any flammable fluid.
Clean up all leaked or spilled flammable fluid immediately.

Make sure you use all necessary protective equipment required to do


the job. Prevent sparks, flames, and smoking around dangerous
substances. Do not eat or drink around dangerous substances.

Use basic precautions when working with electrical components to


prevent injury or death. Contact with batteries or electrical components
may cause injury or death. When the particle counter is disconnected
from the main power supply it is still powered by an internal AC
rechargeable battery.

Water and other liquids conduct electric current and can create a short
circuit resulting in injury or death. Keep all liquids away from electrical
components and other sources of electricity.
Do not create a short circuit between a source of electricity and a liquid
by being in contact with both simultaneously.

The PAMAS S40 is protected against damage by electrostatic


discharge (ESD) to a high extent. This is limited to a system, which is
connected to power supply with protective earth PE and
communication lines correctly, with the housing being closed.

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

2 Laser Safety For your own safety take note of the following safety precautions.
Information

Laser Safety This product incorporates a sensor which operates by means of a laser.
There is no possibility of danger from the laser, provided that the
product is operated according to the instructions in this manual.

Since radiation emitted by the laser is completely confined within


protective housings and external covers, the laser beam cannot escape
from the device during any phase of user operation.

This product is certified as a Class 1 laser product under U.S.


Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Radiation
Performance Standard according to the Radiation Control for Health
and Safety Act of 1968. This means that the product does not produce
hazardous laser radiation.

Internal Laser Radiation Maximum Average Power: 4.2 mW inside the sensor
Wavelength: 670 nm

This product employs a Class 3R laser diode that has a visible beam.
The laser diode is incorporated in a closed sensor unit. The sensor unit
is in the interior of the product. The laser beam is emitted inside the
long tube of the sensor unit and cannot escape from the sensor housing
during any phase of operation.

Warning! The sensor unit, which is incorporated inside the product,


should not be opened under any circumstances.

Laser Caution for United CDRH-Regulations: This product is certified as a Class I laser product
States Users under the Regulation Performance Standard according to the Food,
Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1990. Compliance is mandatory for laser
products marketed in the United States and is reported to the Center for
Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) of the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) of the Department of Health and Human Services
(DHHS). This means that the product does not produce hazardous laser
radiation. The label shown below indicates compliance with the CDRH
regulations and must be attached to laser products marketed in the
United States.

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

Laser Safety Label

The laser safety label is located at the rear panel of the product.

CAUTION: Use of controls, adjustments or performance of procedures


other than those specified in this manual may result in hazardous
radiation exposure.

This is a semiconductor laser. The maximum power of the laser is 5


mW and the wavelength is 670 nm.

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

3 Unpacking Report packing damage of your S40 immediately to your handling agent
and PAMAS GmbH. Also, on removing the instrument from the
packaging, note and advise any instrument damage.
Keep the packaging. It will be useful to you should you need to send the
instrument back for service or re-calibration.

Please check that the following items have been included:

1. S40 Portable Particle Analyser


2. Power Cord
3. USB Cable
4. Calibration Table(s) and Certificate(s): it belongs specifically to
your instrument, please ensure that it is kept safely
5. 2 plastic hoses with suitable fittings
6. Adapter for the hydraulic fittings
7. Minimess-hose
8. Operation manual and USB memory stick with Download Software
9. Package with 5 rolls of thermal printer paper

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4 Description

4.1. Basic Features Portable particle counting system for contamination control of oil
and hydraulic fluids
Key pad and a graphical LC-Display with a resistive touch
screen
Hardcopies of measurement results with built in printer and
Download Software
Results according to particles numbers, ISO, NAS and SAE
classes
Data storage of more than 4000 measurements
Hydraulic connectors for low and high pressure input
Standard mains supply connector for 100VAC to 240VAC 50 to
60Hz
USB port for connection to a PC
Built-in battery for up to 2h operation
Special round connector for an external DC power supply
(10VDC to 36VDC)

Warning! Do not connect the DC connector and the USB connector at


the same time,

4.2. Product Standard S40


Overview This system can be used for pressureless sampling as well as up to
420 bar (high pressure inlet)
Low pressure in: 0 - 6 bar
High pressure in: 3 420 bar

Lube-oil S40
This system can only be used for low pressure sampling, up to 6 bar.

4.3. Options

S40 GO System is built in a rugged and tough case (Pelicase).

Skydrol compatible Housing without coating and sealings are special Sydrol compatible
Alarm System is equipped with an alarm relay

4.4. Software - Download Software for transfer of stored measurement data to a PC


- CMDM Software for condition monitoring in hydraulic systems

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

4.5.Fluid
Specifications

Standard S40 Low pressure pressureless up to 6 bar (85 psi)


High pressure 3 bar to 420 bar (6000 psi)
Fluid Temperature 10 C 60 C
Lube-oil S40 Low pressure pressureless up to 6 bar (85 psi)
Fluid Temperature 10 C 60 C
High Pressure (black tubing) M16 Minimess
Low Pressure (transparent tubing) DIN 2353 Ermeto 6L connector

4.6. Compatibility of The housing is covered with resistant polyester.


the Sample Fluid The main materials coming into contact with the sample fluids are:
stainless steel 1.0161 (St 37-2) and 1.4571 (V4A)
aluminum
borosilicate glass
polyamide
FKM
The standard product PAMAS S 40 is not rust free and not compatible
with esters or ketones such as acetone
Special options are available for other media such as SKYDROL or
water based solutions on request.
Attention! When in doubt contact the service department of PAMAS
GmbH.

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4.7. Electrical Power Supply 1. 100VAC - 240VAC 50 - 60Hz.


Connection 2. 10VDC - 36VDC (XLR-connector)
No charging of the battery!
Communication
3. USB-Port
4. BNC-Connector

4.8. Technical Data Weight 8 kg


Dimensions 310 mm x 145 mm x 360 mm
Ambient Temperature 5 C 40 C
Relative Humidity max. 70 %
Storage more than 4000 measurements
Particle Sizes 2,5,10,15, 20, 25, 50 & 100 m
4, 6, 10, 14, 21, 25, 38 &70 m
Calibration according to ISO 4402 / ISO 11171
Cleanliness Classes:
ISO4406 01 23
NAS 1638 00 12
SAE AS4059D 000A 12F
GOST 17216 00 - >17
GJB 420A 000 - >12
other standards on
request

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

5 Installation Choose a dry and clean location for the instrument to stand safely. Place
the instrument on back side on the feet.

Protecting the Protect the instrument from


Instrument strong sunlight
high humidity
strong vibration
explosive or chemically aggressive environments
heavy objects placed on top of the equipment.

Connecting up Connect up the power cord to the power input socket on the left side of
the instrument and to the mains voltage.

Which Pressure is Ensure that you know the pressure being used to transport the
used in the Sample sample fluid to the system
Transport? Use the correct input port
Do not exceed the maximum permitted pressure
There is a danger of personal injury through bursting tubes and
connections. The instrument could be destroyed.

Low-pressure input up to 6 bar


High-pressure input 3 to 420 bar

Flow-rate and The PAMAS-S 40 can pull in oils up to 200 cStokes using the tubes
hydrodynamic supplied with the instrument. When departing from standard conditions
Conditions such as when using other tubing than supplied with the instrument for
the low-pressure input a judgement needs to be made, according to
the rules of hydrodynamics, whether the sample fluid is being
transported through the instrument free of bubbles.
Note:
If you cannot see bubbles in the drain tube this does not guarantee
that the flow is bubble free.
When using the high-pressure input, hydrodynamic conditions are
generally problem-free.

When in doubt consult the service department of PAMAS GmbH.


There the effects of hydrodynamic conditions con be checked
experimentally beforehand.

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High Pressure is used for pressure between 3 and 420 bar.


Sampling
- Open the high pressure input (Minimess) by unscrewing the
cover.
- Fix the high pressure hose with the minimess connector to the
high pressure input just by hand, dont use any tool
- Connect the other side of the hose with the appropriate
connector to your machine.
- Attach a low pressure hose to the high pressure output (DIN
2353 Ermeto 6L connector) port using a spanner
- Place the loose end of the low pressure hose into a storage
container to collect the discharged fluid sample
Note: Secure the drain hose to the container with a tape, a clip or
some other means.

Before the start of a measurement, the input and outlet of the used
sampling (high or low pressure) is always displayed by arrows
showing the used ports. Please check, that the hoses are
connected correctly to these drawings!

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Low Pressure is used for pressure between 0 and 6 bar.


Sampling
- Open the low pressure input (DIN 2353 Ermeto 6L
connector) by unscrewing the cover.
- Fix one of the low pressure hoses to the low pressure input
using a spanner
- Place the loose end of the low pressure hose into the container
with your sampling fluid
- Connect the other low pressure hose to provided adapter and fix
everything to the low pressure output just by hand, dont use
any tool
- Place the loose end of the low pressure hose into a storage
container to collect the discharged fluid sample
Note: Secure the drain hose to the container with a tape, a clip or some
other means

Before the start of a measurement, the input and outlet of the used
sampling (high or low pressure) is always displayed by arrows
showing the used ports. Please check, that the hoses are
connected correctly to these drawings!

Lube-Oil Systems There is only low pressure sampling available.


There
- is onlythe
Open lowlow
pressure
pressuresampling possible.
input (DIN 2353 Ermeto 6L
connector) by unscrewing the cover.
- Fix one of the low pressure hoses to the low pressure input
using a spanner
Before the start of a measurement, the input and outlet of the
used sampling (high or low pressure) is always displayed by
arrows showing the used ports. Please check, that the hoses
are connected correctly to these drawings!
- Place the loose end of the low pressure hose into the container
with your sampling fluid
- Attach the other low pressure hose to the low pressure output
(DIN 2353 Ermeto 6L connector) port using a spanner
- Place the loose end of the low pressure hose into a storage
container to collect the discharged fluid sample
Note: Secure the drain hose to the container with a tape, a clip or some
other means

Low Dead Volume There is only low pressure sampling available. The system is
Version equipped with bulkhead fittings of PVDF. Please use an external
filter, attached to the inlet tube.

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6 Making a In this chapter you will find a description how to proceed a particle
measurement contamination measurement of your oil sample.

What is the pressure at the sample measurement point?


Use for a pressure up to 6 bar the low pressure input port, for a
pressure 3 to 420 bar the high pressure input port
Connect the hydraulic hoses according to the description on
page 15/16.

Preparing the oil Use suitable methods like shaking of the sample, ultrasonic treatment,
sample etc., to reach a homogeneous sample liquid. Make sure that there are no
air bubbles left in your sample, since they were counted as particles,
which will cause false results.

Making a After turn-on the system or by pressing the key New Sample on the
measurement Main Screen following window is displayed:

Battery Charge On the top right you will find a symbol showing the actual battery charge
Indicator condition. On page 34 of this manual you will find the information how to
charge the battery.

The top button will indicate the last used profile. To select another profile
press this button and select a profile from the list. On page 25 you will
find a detailed description for the profile settings and how to create new
profiles.

To enter information to the other field press the corresponding buttons


and make the entries using the alphanumeric keypad which will be
displayed.

Remaining Space The number of measurements according to the used profile (depending
of the preset number of runs for one measurement in the profile) is
mentioned.

Pressing the START-button leads you to the next window.

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Starting Depending on the selected profile (settings for high or low pressure
input) a hydraulic connection screen is displayed, where arrows show
Measurement you the functions (inlet / outlet) of the fittings in the selected profile. The
Procedure number indicated of remaining space shows how many measurements
can be done in accordance with the selected profile.

Make sure, that your hoses are connected correctly and press then the
Start-button. The S40 will pump then oil through the analyser and the
sample fluid is now tested for contamination in all 8 channels.

Press ESC to stop the process and get back to the last window.

During the measurement you will see now the particle counts of the
actual measurement and the average number of the finished
measurement. You will find also a trend indicated by arrows.

Stopping Press the Stop button to stop the measurement and the flow through
Measurement the system.
Procedure

Shutting Down Clean the system and rinse out all traces of sample fluid if you do not
want to make further measurements. Fill then the system with clean oil.

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7 Setup Menus After delivery you will find the S40 system with typical settings to make
directly a measurement.

In this chapter you will find further information to adapt the systems to
your own needs and requirements.

7.1 Calling up the Press the button Setup in the main menu.
Set-up Menu You will find here the respective menus with the settings:

System
e.g. contrast of the display and language settings
Profiles
e.g. setting of the measurement parameters
Calibration
e.g. sensor calibrations

Selecting Menu Items ... by pressing directly the key or the corresponding function key on the
keypad.

Entering Values ... is done via the calculator display which is opened automatically when
you have to enter a value.

Entering Characters ... is done via the keyboard display which is opened automatically when
you have to enter a character.
Hint: If you have problems entering keys recalibrate the touch screen to
adapt the response of the touch screen to your personal touching.

Correcting Values ... is done by using the Back key or in the calculator display with C.

Confirming Entries ... is done by pressing the OK button.

Leaving a Window ... is done by pressing the ESC button.


without Changes

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7.2. Main Screen

NIST / AC Toggels the display for particle numbers and ISO codes according
to the different calibration methods NIST=ISO11171 and AC=ISO4402
This button is active during a measurement.

Mem (Memory) This is an indication of the remaining memory space of the data storage.
If the storage is completely full (value 92), the oldest data is
overwritten!
Before the value is reaching nearly 1000, please download your stored
results and delete afterwards the data with the provided Download
Software. The value will increase again to the maximum.

Size/Counts Particle size in m and number of particles measured for the size

Average/Quality If the end of a measurement is defined by 'Tolerance Range' or 'DQ


ISO 11171' (see also manual page 29/30) values in the columns for
average and quality are shown. The average counts of the preset
number of measurements and the % tolerance for each size channel
is shown. In the column quality there will be shown an indication
with , , or if the value for the tolerance and the DQ is increasing,
decreasing or consistent.

New Sample A select box pops up with the choice of performing a standard
measurement procedure (profile) or a customized measurement
procedure which can be selected in the following INFO SCREEN.
The ESC button in the top bar of the select box or the ESC key
exits this path of the screen sequence structure. The START
button converts to a STOP button when a measurement is in progress.

Setup A select box pops up with the choice SYSTEM SETUP, PROFILE
SETUP and CALIBRATION SETUP which leads to subsequent screens.
By pressing the function keys F1 to F3 you enter the corresponding
subsequent screens. This button is inactive during a measurement.

Printer A select box pops up with the choice PRINTER AC -prints the particle
numbers and ISO codes according to 4402 calibration-,PRINTER NIST -
printout according to ISO11171 calibration- and
PRINTER NONE -no printout at all-.

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7.3. System Settings Press the key Setup in the main screen, select then the key System
Setup. Allows the user to recalibrate the touch screen and change the
display contrast and go to the administrator level.

Recalibrate Touch Screen Recalibrate the touch screen to the user specific habits. Press inside the
five consequent rectangles in the same way you want to select a menu
item.

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Change Display Contrast A select box appears where you can increase or decrease the contrast
of the display with the arrow UP and DOWN keys respectively. If the
display is bright white decrease the contrast to see the dark lines on the
screen. If the display is black increase the contrast by pressing several
times the arrow up key. By pressing F6 key the contrast is reset to the
factory default from where you can start to optimize the contrast to your
needs. The OK button or key exits that select box. On the lower left side
of this box you see the actual setting in percent of the adjustment range.

Reset Display to Default Resets the contrast to the factory default.

Reset to User Level Resets the system to user level.

Set Administration Level Sets the system to ADMIN mode after the password 'pamas' or the user
defined password has been entered in the following text screen or resets
the system into USER mode.

Administration Level Leads to the EXTENDED SYSTEM SETTINGS

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Extended Systems Only available in the administrator level. You will find here the
Setting description of some additional system settings.
(Admin Setup)

System Time Press the key for the time or date and enter via the numerical field the
actual time (format hh:mm:ss) and date (format mm/dd/yy).

Pump Current Read the setting of the pump current in the low left corner of the window.
Check if this value has the standard setting of 20%. If not, press the key
F6 to set the current back to the default setting.
Do not increase the pump current, this may result in damaging the
pump!
If you have problems to feed a higher viscous sample through the
system, please contact PAMAS to clarify the situation.

Press Pump off to turn the pump off manually.

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Simulation S31/P40 Here you may select the key System 31 to control the S40 like a system
31 with the PMA software. To switch back to standard mode press the
key Reset system to S40.

Admin Password Here you can change the ADMIN password.

Language Pressing the key toggles between following languages: English,


German, Finnish, Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

7.4. Profile Setup Set here the parameters for the measurement for different profiles. New
profiles can only be made in the Admin mode. Standard users are only
able to display existing profiles.

Edit/View Push the requested profile, press View to look at it or if you have Admin
rights you are able to change the settings with the button Edit.

New By using the function New you may create a new profile. The default
name of the profile consists of the creating date and time. You may
change the name afterwards in the Profile Properties (see next page).

In the consequent select box you can decide whether you want to copy
the settings of the marked profile or create a new profile with default
settings (entering PROFILE EDITOR).

Delete Deletes the designated profile.


Note: The two default profiles and used profiles cant be deleted.

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

Profile Editor Changing the name and settings of a profile (only possible with
Administrator level rights). With standard user rights you may open this
window to check the settings.

Changing Profile Name Push on the button Name and change the profile name in the now
displayed keyboard. The name of the profile must be unique. Two
profiles with different name, but with same settings, cant be
distinguished by the system.

Measurement Setup The window Profile Flow Chart is opened, change here the
(Profile Flow Chart)
measurement parameters A full description of the items is given on the
next page.

Save Result as Stores the info and PARTICLE counts or ISO CODES of each
measurement of this profile in a battery buffered RAM. If NONE is
selected (black dot in the circle left to the button) nothing is stored in
memory.

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7.5. Profile Flow This window shows graphically the sequence of a measurement cycle
Chart (profile). Enter the Profile Flow Chart by pressing the key Measurement
Setup in the menu Profile Properties. This function is only available
with Admin rights.

1 Flush Time This time is used to flush the system from the previous sample. During
2 Flowrate
this time the pump is running with the Flush Flow Rate. Since there is
no measurement performed in that time, the flowrate might be higher
than in the calibration specified, to save time. If Flush Time is set to 0
seconds, no flushing will be performed.

3 Pre Run Time During this time the pump is running with the Measure Flow Rate (25
ml/min). This time is used to stabilize the flow through the system. If the
Pre Run Time is set to 0 seconds no stabilization time before a
measurement start will be performed.

4 Measure Flowrate Flowrate while measurement, pressing key toggles between 25 and 10
ml/min.
Note: Please be sure that you use the same flowrate mentioned in
your calibration table, otherwise wrong results will be the
consequence.

5 Sampling Volume Volume of the measured sample in 0.1 ml steps.

6 Measure Repeat Time Enter here the delay time between consequent single measure-ments.

7 Measure Repeat Enter here which is the limiting item of the repeats of the single
Number/Mode
measurements. You have the choice between:

Manual:
Performs endless repetitions of the measure repeat loop until
the user interrupts by pressing Sample OK
Number of Repeats:
Number of counts of repetitions of this loop.
A Number of Repeats of 2 performs actually 3 single
measurements of a sample (the first single measurement and 2
repetitions).
Tolerance Range:
See description page 29
DQ ISO 11171
See description page 30

8 Pump off Delay Time Enter here the time the pump is running after finishing the measurement.

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9 Pressure Mode Pressing the key toggles switch between Low Pressure and High
Pressure mode. The displayed mode is the active mode.

10 Sample Repeat Number Sets the count of repetitions of the sample repeat loop. (0 means no
repetitions in total 1 sample measured).

11 Sample Repeat Time Sets the delay time between consequent sample repeat loops.

12 Pump Mode There are following possibilities for the setting:

Pump on/off:
The pump is switched off while the delay time between the
sample repeats
Pump continuous:
The pump is running continuously while the delay time until the
end of the complete measurement

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Definition for the end Allows the user to set a stabilization criteria for consequent single
of the measurement: measurements. Measurements are repeated until the stabilization
Tolerance Range criteria is fulfilled or maximum number of measurements is reached.

Tolerance on particle size Maximum allowed percentage deviation of all last number of
channels
measurements from their mean value. A 0.0 means that this channel is
not examined of being in a tolerance range. The criteria is fulfilled when
the Maximum allowed Percentage Deviation is smaller/equal
100(Maximum of last # of Measurements Minimum of last # of
Measurements)/Mean of last # of measurements is true.

AC/NIST Select the set of particle sizes the stabilization criteria works with.

# Measurements for Number of single measurements which must be within the given
Average
tolerance range of their mean values.

Max. # of Measurements The sample will be finished after Max. Number of Measurements when
the stabilization criteria is not fulfilled.

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Definition for the end Allows the user to set a stabilization criteria for 5 consequent single
of the measurement: measurements according to ISO11171 clause 6 (the D0 criteria will not
DQ ISO 11171 be used). Measurements are repeated until the stabilization criteria is
fulfilled or maximum number of measurements is reached.

Particle Size There are following possibilities for the abort of the measurement.
Toggle through the different alternatives by pressing on the requested
diameter.

ISO
the last 5 counts of that channel have to fulfil the DQ criteria
I>100>V
the criteria has only to be fulfilled, if the mean of the counts is >=
100, otherwise the channel is regarded as having fulfilled
IGNORE
this channel is not examined for the DQ criteria

AC/NIST Select the set of particle sizes the stabilization criteria works with.

Set Default Resets the DQ criteria to ISO, Number of valid DQs to 6.

Max. # of Measurements Finishes sample after Max. Number of Measurements when


stabilization criteria was not fulfilled.

Number of valid DQs Minimum number of channels which have to fulfil the criteria. The
number of channels with an ISO or I>100<V must be greater or equal
with Number of valid DQs.

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7.6. Calibration Setup Since the values are already set for the sensor calibration, the user
must not change the preset values. This will cause wrong counts.

Particle size channels/mV Do not change! These settings are just used by service technician.

Trigger Do not change! The setting of the trigger level is just used by
service technician.

Low / High Pessure Button toggles between low pressure and high pressure set of threshold
values. The displayed mode is the actual set for editing.

Calibration: AC / Change the set of thresholds between the two calibration standards the
NIST
editor works with.

Flowrate 25 ml/ml or 10 ml/min. Set the set of thresholds for the calibration
standards the editor works with.

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8 Maintenance

8.1. General
Maintenance

Rinsing For a dedicated rinse procedure carry out a measurement cycle with
fluid with the printer switched off.
Attention! Use a suitable rinsing agent for the instrument.

Rinse Fluids Rinse Fluids must be miscible with the last used sample fluid. Use e.g.
clean low viscous oil, kerosene or a similar fluid.

Checking Carry out a measurement cycle using the above mentioned fluids.
Cleanliness

Shutting down Clean the system and rinse out all traces of sample material if you do
not wish to make further measurements.
Fill the system with clean low viscous oil, kerosene or a similar fluid

Close off the input and output fittings by fitting the plugs supplied.
Attention! If you do not intend to use the instrument for a longer period
let the battery discharge! Recharge the battery prior to measurements.

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Cleaning of the Inlet Procedure for cleaning the inlet filter in the S40:
Filter

Required tools:
- socket wrench 19 mm
- big screwdriver
- Allen key 6,0 mm

remove the cap of the


high and low pressure
inlet

lay down the system


and remove the
connectors with the
socket wrench
set the system up again
and use the Allen key
to unscrew both filters

flush both filters backwards with mineral spirit and pressurized air
and remount them in reverse order

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Changing Printer Loosen the two printer cover retaining screws and remove them. As
Thermo Paper Roll well remove rest of the empty paper roll. Cut the two corners of the new
paper beginning in order to feat it into the opening below the rubber roll.
The cut end of the new roll is now pushed in the opening underneath
the rubber roller. It starts to turn and rolls the paper in its position.

Charging the Battery To charge the internal battery switch off the system and plug in the
mains supply. Charging the battery with plugged in 10 VDC 36 VDC is
not possible. If the S40 was used with the mains supply for 1 week or
longer and should now used with internal battery, plug first the power
plug out, wait two seconds and plug it in again. After 3 hours the battery
is fully charged.

Warning! Remove the power (mains) plug before commencing any


maintenance on the instrument.
Even when the instrument is not connected to the mains supply there is
12 V DC on the battery. With an open casing, therefore, there is a
danger of short circuiting. When short circuiting high currents flow! This
could lead to high temperatures. The battery could disintegrate and
destroy the instrument.

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8.2. Spare Parts

Co01726 Carrying case


Co00626 Carrying case with rolls

Co00624 thermo paper (5 rolls)

Co00451 Minimess-hose
SET00033 Adapter

Low pressure hose consisting of:


Co00055 PA-hose 6,2mm
Co00258 nut
Co01162 compressing ring
Co00056 reinforcing sleeve

Co00627 power (mains) cord, German


Co00106 power (mains) cord, US

Co01067 USB-cable

L-00013 USB memory stick with Download-Software


L-00012 USB memory stick with PMA-Software
L-00014 USB memory stick with CMDM-Software

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8.3. Communication The USB communication port of the S40 is RS232 compliant set to a
baudrate of 57600 bps with data 8 bit, no parity, one stop bit and no
handshake. The USB cable, delivered with the system, is used for
standard PC connection. Commands are entered as small or capital
ASCII strings within a few seconds (time out). S40 responds with the text
message or an exclamation mark if no error occurs, On occurance of an
error (time out or invalid command) a question mark or a single
character with a carriage return is sent by the S40. The following
commands are implemented for downloading stored measurements.

ID<enter> Quick test of communication S40 answers with an text string

DL M<enter> DownLoad Memory S40 sends an ASCII character string with the
comments of a measurement, used profile name, date and time and
counted particles for each stored single measurement separated by a
tab.

DL P<enter> DownLoad Profiles S40 sends all existing profiles and their settings in an
ASCII string.

ME<enter> Memory Erase deletes all stored measurements.

Error Codes E 01 Pump stalled


E 04 - Sensor blockage / Sensor baseline high

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9 Troubleshooting

Cause Remedy

Occuring of high counts, Air bubbles at the sample point Degassing of the sample before
especially in bigger size or in the bottle the measurement
channels

There is no flow through the The screen filter is dirty/ Dismount the screen filter and
system, high counts in bigger blocked on the inlet/outlet port clean everything
size channels of the system

Occuring of high counts, There is humidity in the oil Please contact Pamas to check
especially in smaller size sample, the sample looks if a measurement of this sample
channels cloudy. is possible

The flowrate is reduced, air The viscosity of the oil is too Dilute the oil with an
bubbles are entrained high. appropriate liquid to reduce the
viscosity. Note also table
Appendix A

No counts The used oil is too dark/too Dilute the oil with an
dirty. The laser light cant pass appropriate liquid
the sample cell

Pump causes knocking sound, There is a blockage on the Use the backflushing procedure
there is no flow. system. of the unit with clean oil or
Error Code 04 (Sensor mineral spirit
blockage / Sensor baseline
high)

Pump stalled (Error Code E 01) There is a blockage on the Use the backflushing procedure
system of the unit with clean oil or
mineral spirit

The viscosity of the liquid is too Dilute the oil with an


high. appropriate liquid

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10 Service Warning! Do not attempt to repair or rebuilt the instrument. If you have
problems consult the service department of PAMAS GmbH.

Warning! For transport the system should be free of any flammable


liquids. The instrument must be free of all contamination; e.g.
radioactive, poisonous or bacteriological substances.

Before shipment close all in- and output ports with the covers. Use the
original packaging for return consignment and attach also the filled
shipping instructions.

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11 Removal of the The PAMAS S40 contents an internal battery. At the end of the life of the
Battery before equipment and before its disposal, the battery first has to be removed
Disposal of the and recycled in accordance with local regulations.
Equipment

Remove the power (mains) plug and let the system run until the
battery is completely discharged. Do not plug in the power again.
You can now open the equipment:
Loosen first the two printer cover retaining screws and remove
them. As well remove the paper roll.
Loosen now the screws of the housing of the equipment. There
are four screws on the left side of the instrument, four on the
lower side and one beside the front panel between the high- and
low-pressure inlet.
Remove the housing a little until you are able to disconnect the
yellow/green grounding cable.
After you have removed the housing completely, you will find
now the battery. This is the big block in white or yellow colour.
On the other side of the instrument you will find now the white
connector for the battery cables. Disconnect the cable from the
board.
Loosen now the screw retaining the battery. The battery can
now be taken out of the system.

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

Option: Alarm This option is used to provide an electrical switch to the operator
that may be used to start or stop systems at predefined cleanliness
classes.

2 1
Plug Connection

3 4 5

Pin 2 / 4 Potential free relay contact


Pin5 - /Pin1 + External supply voltage 10 - 36 V

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

The features for the alarm are set in the profile setup(s). Press in the
main screen as it is displayed after switching on the system the
button Setup. Select in the window System Setting Options the
function Profile Setup and select the requested profile to setup.

You will find the button Alarm Off, which means that no alarm is
set or Alarm On if any alarm control is set. Press this button to set
an alarm. In the next window press again Alarm Off. The same
button is now displaying different possibilities each time you are
pressing it.

The possibilities are:

Exceed Counts
Fall below Counts
Exceed ISO Class
Fall below ISO
Exceed SAE Class
Fall blow SAE Class
Exceed NAS Class (only when AC calibration was selected)
Fall below NAS Class (only when AC calibration was selected)
Alarm Off

When a button with Exceed ... is selected, press on the requested


diameter and enter via the calculator the limit for the allowed
number of particles or cleanliness class. If this value exceeds the
measurement result by 1, the alarm is activated at the end of the
measurement. If one of the fields Fall below ... is active, every size
channel or size class with a value differing from - (or 1) must have
a measurement result which is below the alarm value to trigger the
alarm. Counts are as per measurement volume!

Relay active open/closed: By pressing this button you may toggle between Relay active open
and Relay active closed. You can define here how the output is
reacting.

Press the button OK if all displayed settings correspond to your


desired alarm settings. You will come back to the window Profile
properties. The button Alarm On is now displayed in the window,
when any alarm is activated.

Set to default: Press this button to set all fields to default values.

Fail safe feature of Alarm: At the start of the system S40 the alarm is set to Alarm High (relays
is not powered and contact is open). When a measurement is started
the alarm is set to Alarm Low and remains there if no alarm
situation occurs. For fail safe alarm operation set alarm to relay
active open. One hour after the profile is finished (including the
pump off delay), alarm is set to Alarm High and fires failsafe alarm
(if somebody else stopped a long term measurement and operator
wasn't informed S40 is claiming attention due to this feature). If
power is off failsafe alarm is triggered or at least when power is up
again.

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

Appendix A:
Glossary

(Single)Measure- Particle counts related to the Sampling Volume which is set in the
ment Profile Flow Chart.

Sample Group of single measurements given by the measure repeat


number/mode (e.g. 3 measurements of 25 ml volume).

Profile Contains all settings for the measurement. Group of samples given by
the sample repeat number/mode (e.g. 5 samples of each 3
measurements of 25 ml volume).

NIST Same as correlated to ISO 11171:1999 and ISO 4406:1999

AC Same as correlated to ISO 4402:1977 and ISO 4406:1987

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Appendix B:
Viscosity -
Temperature

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Appendix C
Hydraulic Plan

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Appendix D:
Download
Software

Installation of the Insert the USB memory Stick and start the file setup _v xxx.exe. The
Software program will lead you through the installation.

Connecting Connect the USB cable of the S40 to the designated USB port of the
computer. You will find now a message on your PC screen that a new
hardware was detected and is now installed. In this case the installation
is done automatically. If not, please select in the window which is now
shown Automatic Installation for installation of the USB drivers on your
PC. The needed files are found on the delivered USB memory stick in
the folder "Drivers" in the subfolders according to your operating system
(additional to Download Software). After the installation you will get a
message that the installation is finished and the system is now ready to
use.

Starting the By clicking the entry of the S40Download program in the Main Program
Download Software Group, or on the appropriate short-cut. Following window is opened:

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PAMAS S40 Instruction Manual 20160615

Setting Serial Port Select the menu System on the menu bar and the menu item Serial
Port. The appropriate window will open.

Select the pull-down menu Port and highlight the used comport and
the Baudrate, 57600 is standard. Confirm.

Selecting Download The S40 system is measuring simultaneously the sample according to
of Result Data ISO 4406 calibration (AC) and ISO 11171 calibration (NIST), provided
AC/NIST that the built in sensor has both calibrations. In case there is only one
calibration or the results of just one calibration is needed, please select
in the mainscreen. Only the download of the results of the requested
calibration. It is also possible to check both boxes to download both
results.

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Download of
profiles/measured data

Download/display Click on the button DL Profiles or use the item Download Profile Data
profil data in the menu S40. Enter here also the folder and the filename, you want
to store the profiles.

Download/display Download or display of the measured data including the selected


results/measured data cleanliness classes (see also S40/Output format setup)

delete Delete all data/clear the memory of the S40 system.


results/measured data

Output format setup Select here which cleanliness classes are stored/displayed together
with the measured data.

On the left row you will find the available standards for the calibration
type (AC or NIST). With the buttons 'add' and 'delete' you can adapt the
list of cleanliness standards to your needs.

The possibilities are:

AC Calibration NIST Calibration


ISO 4406 (1987) ISO 4406 (1999)
NAS 1638 AS 4059 E
GJB 420A GJB 420B
GOST 17216

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Old Firmware If a S40 System with a fimware older than 08.11.2012 is used, please
contact PAMAS GmbH for firmware update.

Help/About Here you find the version no. of your installed download software.
S40 Download2

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PAMAS Partikelmess- und Analysesysteme GmbH


Dieselstrasse 10
D- 71277 Rutesheim
Germany

Telefon: +49-7152-99630
Telefax: +49-7152-54862
e-mail: info@PAMAS.de
www.pamas.de

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