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Technical Memorandum

Water Quality Sampling and
Treatment System at
St. Michael’s Association for
Special Education Campus
Window Rock, Arizona

Prepared for Dig Deep
Los Angeles, California

October 20, 2017

Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.
6020 Academy NE, Suite 100 • Albuquerque, New Mexico 87109
Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

Table of Contents
Section Page

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................................................. iv

1. Background ............................................................................................................................. 1

2. Water Quality Analysis ............................................................................................................ 4

3. Treatment Alternatives .......................................................................................................... 12
3.1 TDS and Sulfate Removal ............................................................................................. 12
3.1.1 Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis .................................................................. 12
3.1.2 Electrodialysis Reversal ...................................................................................... 13
3.1.3 Ion Exchange ...................................................................................................... 13
3.2 Lead and Copper Mitigation .......................................................................................... 13
3.2.1 Corrosion Control ................................................................................................ 13
3.2.2 Plumbing Replacement ....................................................................................... 14
3.2.3 Point of Use Reverse Osmosis ........................................................................... 14
3.3 Aesthetic Issues ............................................................................................................ 15
3.4 Comparison of Alternatives ........................................................................................... 15
3.4.1 TDS and Sulfate Removal .................................................................................. 15
3.4.2 Lead and Copper Mitigation ................................................................................ 15
3.4.3 Aesthetic Issues .................................................................................................. 15
3.4.4 Combined Alternatives ........................................................................................ 15

4. Recommendations ................................................................................................................ 20
4.1 Water Treatment............................................................................................................ 20
4.2 Flushing Program .......................................................................................................... 20

5. Preliminary Design for Centralized Treatment ...................................................................... 23
5.1 Flow Rate ...................................................................................................................... 23
5.2 Design Layout................................................................................................................ 24
5.3 Waste Stream Disposal ................................................................................................. 26
5.4 Cost ............................................................................................................................ 27
5.5 Operation and Maintenance .......................................................................................... 27

6. Conclusion ............................................................................................................................ 28

References.................................................................................................................................. 31

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List of Figures
Figure Page

1 Vicinity Map........................................................................................................................ 2

2 Sample Locations .............................................................................................................. 9

3 Lead and Copper Results ................................................................................................ 10

4 Centralized Treatment Facility Floor Plan ........................................................................ 25

List of Tables
Table Page

1 Initial Water Quality Analytical Results .............................................................................. 5

2 Lead and Copper Sampling, July 19, 2017 ...................................................................... 11

3 Combined Alternatives ..................................................................................................... 16

4 Treatment System Evaluation Matrix ............................................................................... 17

5 Treatment System Grading Matrix ................................................................................... 17

6 Recommended Water Treatment and Plumbing Replacement ....................................... 21

7 SMASE Water Use, 2016 ................................................................................................ 23

8 Fixture Count by Building ................................................................................................. 24

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List of Appendices
Appendix

A Consumer Confidence Reports

B Analytical Reports

C Point of Use Treatment

D Centralized Treatment

E Cost Estimates

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Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

DBS&A Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.
EDR electrodialysis reversal
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
fps feet per second
GAC granular activated carbon
gpd gallons per day
gpm gallons per minute
MCL maximum contaminant level
MCLG maximum contaminant level goal
mg/L milligrams per liter
NNEPA Navajo Nation Environmental Protection Agency
NNPDWR Navajo Nation Primary Drinking Water Regulations
NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NTUA Navajo Tribal Utility Authority
O&M operation and maintenance
POU point of use
PVC polyvinyl chloride
PWS public water system
QA/QC quality assurance/quality control
SMASE St. Michael’s Association for Special Education
SMCL secondary maximum contaminant level
TDS total dissolved solids
WWTP wastewater treatment plant

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1. Background

Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc. (DBS&A) has prepared this technical memorandum to
help identify and address deficiencies in water quality on the St. Michael’s Association for
Special Education Inc. (SMASE) campus. SMASE is a non-profit school in Window Rock,
Arizona (Figure 1) providing services to moderate to severely disabled children and adults from
throughout the Navajo Nation. For more than 40 years, SMASE has provided educational
services for as many as 60 school-aged individuals and day program services for adults.
Therapy, life skills, daily living skills, nursing, and infant services are provided in a home setting.
Students are also provided the opportunity to participate and compete in Special Olympics,
skiing, golfing, swimming, flying color art, and 4-H programs. The source of the SMASE water
supply is the Navajo Tribal Utility Authority (NTUA) system.

Several factors affect water quality in the school. The school is the last customer on a dead-end
waterline. Dead-end waterlines are subject to stagnation of water because water cannot be
circulated through the area. NTUA reports that the water for this area comes from the Black
Rock Water Treatment Plant, which is served by four wells and removes iron and manganese.
If the water source or treatment is changed, it is expected that the water quality will change. In
addition to contaminants present in the source water, system plumbing can contribute lead and
copper to water. The chemistry of the water, particularly its corrosivity, will affect the extent of
leaching of contaminants from metal piping. It is therefore important to characterize the quality
of the water coming into the system.

Previous sampling indicated exceedances for lead, sulfate, total dissolved solids (TDS), and
turbidity. NTUA’s 2015 and 2016 consumer confidence reports for Window Rock, Arizona
(Appendix A) report violations for total trihalomethanes (disinfection byproducts). In 2015, there
was also a maximum contaminant level (MCL) exceedance for uranium.

SMASE students and staff are not currently using tap water for drinking. Water coolers and
three donated drinking water purification systems are installed on campus to supply drinking
water. The reported reasons for not using tap water for drinking include occasional
discoloration, metallic or mineral taste, and “sulfur smell.” The aesthetic issues with the water

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N
0 0.5 1 ST MICHAELS SCHOOL
Miles
WATER QUALITY EVALUATION
Vicinity Map
Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.
7/11/2017 JN DB17.1162 Figure 1
Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

may or may not indicate a health hazard. The aesthetic issues appear to be historical, and may
be associated with the wells that are being used for supply from the NTUA system. DBS&A did
not observe these issues during the two sampling events conducted in June and July 2017.

DBS&A conducted additional sampling to identify the water quality problems and to develop a
recommended solution. This technical memorandum summarizes the water quality results,
identifies and compares alternatives for treatment, and recommends a course of action.

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2. Water Quality Analysis

Between November 2016 and March 2017, human rights non-profit organization Dig Deep
collected water quality samples from three buildings on the SMASE campus: Rise Hogan, staff
housing, and Hogan Bahozhoni. On June 22, 2017, DBS&A collected samples from the same
campus buildings and from the NTUA distribution line (at a flush valve). Water quality data from
the two initial sampling events is summarized in Table 1.

Table 1 shows that SMASE water is high in sulfate, TDS, lead, and copper. Sulfate
concentrations detected in SMASE water were between 400 and 420 milligrams per liter (mg/L),
above the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) secondary MCL (SMCL) of 250 mg/L,
which is based on taste. High concentrations of sulfate (above 500 mg/L for infants and above
1,000 mg/L for adults) can cause diarrhea. People usually adjust to the higher sulfate
concentrations easily, with no ill effects (U.S. EPA, 2003). TDS concentrations detected in
SMASE water samples were 1,300 to 1,310 mg/L, above the SMCL of 500 mg/L. This
secondary standard is also based on taste, as high TDS concentrations can cause water to
taste salty. These contaminants are not health threatening, but according to EPA, if these
contaminants are present in the water at concentrations above the SMCLs, they may cause the
water to appear cloudy or colored or to taste bad.

Lead and copper in drinking water are primary contaminants and have action levels set by the
EPA based on health concerns. Exposure to elevated levels of lead can cause damage to the
brain, red blood cells, and kidneys, especially for young children; exposure to elevated levels of
copper can cause stomach and intestinal distress, liver or kidney damage, and complications of
Wilson’s Disease in genetically predisposed people.

The EPA has established action levels for lead and copper of 0.015 and 1.3 mg/L, respectively.
This means that if the lead and copper concentrations exceed these levels in 10 percent of
samples, action is required to reduce the lead and copper concentrations (U.S. EPA, 2008).

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Table 1. Initial Water Quality Analytical Results
Page 1 of 3

Concentration (mg/L a)
NTUA Line Rise Hogan Staff Housing Hogan Bahozhoni
Analyte MCL/SMCL 6/22/2017 11/8/2016 6/22/2017 2/2/2017 6/22/2017 3/9/2017 6/22/2017
Metals (total)
Aluminum 0.05–0.2 <0.020 — <0.020 — <0.020 — <0.020
Antimony 0.006 <0.0010 — <0.0010 — <0.0010 — <0.0010
Arsenic 0.01 <0.0050 0.0094 <0.0050 <0.00100 <0.0050 0.0028 <0.0050
Barium 2 0.061 0.0565 0.06 0.060 — 0.062
Beryllium 0.004 <0.0020 ND <0.0020 <0.0020 — <0.0020
Calcium — 120 — 110 106 120 — 120
Cadmium 0.005 <0.0020 ND <0.0020 — <0.0020 — <0.0020
5

Chromium 0.1 <0.0060 ND <0.0060 — <0.0060 — <0.0060
Copper 1.3 0.0012 ND 0.91 — 1.6 — 0.078
Lead 0.015 0.00071 — 0.00095 0.0237 0.049 0.0016 0.011
Lithium — — 0.086 — — — — —
Iron 0.3 0.057 0.00026 <0.020 — 0.048 — <0.020
Magnesium — 55 0.0171 55 — 54 — 55
Manganese 0.05 0.034 0.0246 0.0020 0.014 0.0032 — <0.0020
Mercury(inorganic) 0.002 <0.00020 — <0.00020 — <0.00020 — <0.00020
Molybdenum — — 0.018 — — — — —
Phosphorus, Total — — ND — — — — —
Potassium — 3.8 12.3 3.8 — 3.7 — 3.8

Bold indicates that value exceeds the maximum contaminant level (MCL) or secondary MCL (SMCL).
a
Unless otherwise noted.
b
For systems that use conventional or direct filtration, turbidity can at no time be higher than 1 nephelometric turbidity unit (NTU), and samples for turbidity must be less than or equal to 0.3 NTU
in at least 95% of the samples collected in any month. Systems that use filtration other than conventional or direct must follow state limits, which must include turbidity at no time exceeding
5 NTU.
c
Measured out of holding time.
d
Screening level is 50 picocuries per liter (pCi/L).

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Table 1. Initial Water Quality Analytical Results
Page 2 of 3

Concentration (mg/L a)
NTUA Line Rise Hogan Staff Housing Hogan Bahozhoni
Analyte MCL/SMCL 6/22/2017 11/8/2016 6/22/2017 2/2/2017 6/22/2017 3/9/2017 6/22/2017
Metals (total) (cont.)
Selenium 0.05 <0.0050 — <0.0050 — <0.0050 — <0.0050
Silicon — — 4.05 — — — — —
Sodium — 250 62.4 240 — 240 — 240
Silver 250 <0.0050 ND <0.0050 — <0.0050 — <0.0050
Strontium — <0.010 1.64 <0.010 — <0.010 — <0.010
Thallium 0.002 <0.00050 — <0.00050 — <0.00050 — <0.00050
Uranium 0.03 0.0012 — 0.0012 — 0.001 — 0.0012
6

Vanadium — <0.050 ND <0.050 — <0.050 — <0.050
Zinc 5 0.044 ND 0.11 — 0.01 — 0.035
Dissolved Metals
Iron 0.3 <0.020 — <0.020 — <0.020 — <0.020
Manganese 0.05 <0.0020 — <0.0020 — <0.0020 — <0.0020
Silica — 15 9 15 — 15 — 15
Anions/Dissolved Species
Bromide — — ND — — — — —
Chloride 250 190 3.7 180 — 190 — 180
Fluoride 4 0.31 0.26 0.31 — 0.32 — 0.31
Nitrate (as N) 10 0.37 ND 0.33 — 0.49 — 0.23

Bold indicates that value exceeds the maximum contaminant level (MCL) or secondary MCL (SMCL).
a
Unless otherwise noted.
b
For systems that use conventional or direct filtration, turbidity can at no time be higher than 1 nephelometric turbidity unit (NTU), and samples for turbidity must be less than or equal to 0.3 NTU
in at least 95% of the samples collected in any month. Systems that use filtration other than conventional or direct must follow state limits, which must include turbidity at no time exceeding
5 NTU.
c
Measured out of holding time.
d
Screening level is 50 picocuries per liter (pCi/L).

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Table 1. Initial Water Quality Analytical Results
Page 3 of 3

Concentration (mg/L a)
NTUA Line Rise Hogan Staff Housing Hogan Bahozhoni
Analyte MCL/SMCL 6/22/2017 11/8/2016 6/22/2017 2/2/2017 6/22/2017 3/9/2017 6/22/2017
Anions/Dissolved Species (cont.)
Nitrite (as N) 1 0.39 — 0.45 — ND — 0.57
Sulfide — — — — <0.0500 — — —
Sulfate 250 410 46.3 410 279 400 — 420
TDS 500 1,310 253 1,300 552 1,310 — 1,310
Phosphate — <0.50 ND <0.50 — <0.50 — <0.50
Alkalinity (as CaCO3) — 387.8 — 392.4 — 386.3 — 394.8
Carbonate (as CaCO3) — <2.000 — <2.000 — <2.000 — <2.000
7
6

Bicarbonate (as CaCO3) — 387.8 — 392.4 — 386.3 — 394.8
Total hardness ( as CaCO3) — 530 141.6 510 — 520 — 520
Total organic carbon (TOC) — — — — 2.56 — — —
b b
Turbidity (NTU) See note <0.50 — <0.50 5.52 0.50 — <0.50
c
pH (s.u.) 6.5–8.5 8.05 8.1 7.95 — 7.95 — 8.02
Tannin/lignins — — ND — — — — —
Radiogenics
Gross alpha (pCi/L) 15 6.91 — 4.95 — 6.58 — 7.55
d
Gross beta (mrem/yr) 4 3.75 — 2.67 — 2.93 — 3.61
Radium-226 and -228 (pCi/L) 5 1.114 — 0.865 — 0.768 — 1.071

Bold indicates that value exceeds the maximum contaminant level (MCL) or secondary MCL (SMCL).
a
Unless otherwise noted.
b
For systems that use conventional or direct filtration, turbidity can at no time be higher than 1 nephelometric turbidity unit (NTU), and samples for turbidity must be less than or equal to 0.3 NTU
in at least 95% of the samples collected in any month. Systems that use filtration other than conventional or direct must follow state limits, which must include turbidity at no time exceeding
5 NTU.
c
Measured out of holding time.
d
Screening level is 50 picocuries per liter (pCi/L).

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In 1996, the Navajo Nation Environmental Protection Agency (NNEPA) established an MCL
goal (MCLG) of 1.3 mg/L for copper and an MCL of 0.015 mg/L for lead. The MCLG for lead is
0 mg/L. The highest lead and copper concentrations detected in NTUA samples collected
during this investigation were 0.049 and 1.6 mg/L, respectively.

Based on the analytical results from the distribution line sample, DBS&A has determined that
TDS and sulfate originate from the water source, while lead and copper leach into the drinking
water from plumbing in the campus buildings. This is especially clear because the sample from
only one of the three buildings tested during the initial screening sampling showed elevated lead
and copper concentrations. Based on the Langelier Index, SMASE water is supersaturated with
respect to calcium carbonate (CaCO3), and is non-corrosive. Temporal changes in the water
quality (i.e., pH, alkalinity, TDS, and calcium concentration) may change the corrosivity of the
water.

DBS&A used laboratory analytical results from the June 22, 2017 sampling event to calculate
total anions and total cations and to create a cation-anion balance. Cation-anion balance shows
the charge neutrality in water, and is used in the standard quality assurance/quality control
(QA/QC) process when analyzing water samples with unknown chemistry. All results fell within
the range of acceptable error of ±5 percent. This means that all major anions and cations were
identified and the analytical results represent a complete characterization of the water
chemistry. Calculated TDS concentration was also determined and compared to the measured
TDS concentration to verify the laboratory results as a standard QA/QC protocol.

Based on the June 2017 sampling results, lead and copper contamination is contributed by the
building plumbing; it is not present in the source water. For this reason, DBS&A collected
samples from each individual building on the campus on July 19, 2017 for analysis of lead and
copper. These samples were collected, as first-draw samples after water had been standing in
the plumbing for between 6 and 18 hours, where possible. Sampling locations are shown on
Figure 2 and lead and copper results are shown on Figure 3 and Table 2. Based on the results,
eight buildings require mitigation of lead and six buildings require mitigation of copper.
Analytical reports are provided in Appendix B.

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Old Primary Building
SL8

Multi Sensory Building
Rise Hogan SL11
SL9

Therapy Building Nursing
Education Building SL20 SL12
SL7
Solar Building
SL13
DTA
SL10
Group Home #21
SL18
Group Home #10
Independent Living SL16
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SL6
Group Home #14
SL19 Group Home #9
Cafeteria SL17
SL14
Administration Proposed location for
Staff Trailer SL15 Centralized Treatment
SL5
Group Home #17
SL21 Group Home #7
Transportation SL23
SL1 Greenhouse
SL4
NAU Building #1
SL2
Group Home #18
Residential Office Building SL22
SL24
Flying Color Building
SL3 NTUA Flush Valve

Mustang Rd

2015 aerial imagery from Google Earth.

Explanation
Sample location
N Water line
0 100 200 ST MICHAELS SCHOOL
Feet
WATER QUALITY EVALUATION
Sample Locations
Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.
8/1/2017 JN DB17.1162 Figure 2
Old Primary Building
0.056
1.2

Multi Sensory Building
0.0013
1.1

Rise Hogan
0.0022 Nursing
Education Building 0.011
0.0063 5.5
4.3
2.0
Therapy Building
0.031
0.78 Solar Building
0.015
DTA 1.0
0.0029
4.3 Group Home #21
0.0017
0.28 Group Home #10
Independent Living Group Home #14 0.00073
0.025 0.0014 0.11
0.44 0.15
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Cafeteria Group Home #9
Staff Trailer 0.0014 0.0014
0.0036 3.8 0.12
0.23 Administration
0.0016
3.5

Group Home #17
0.019 Group Home #7
Transportation 0.23 0.072
0.0048 Greenhouse 0.55
1.0 0.0013
NAU Building #1 0.65
0.025 Group Home #18
0.91 0.039
Flying Color Building 0.81
0.0098
0.73 Residential Office Building NTUA Flush Valve
<0.0025 0.00071
1.3 0.0012

Mustang Rd

2015 aerial imagery from Google Earth.
Explanation
Water line
Notes:
Sample location
N Sample exceeds action level for lead
1. Action level for lead is 0.015 mg/L.
2. Action level for copper is 1.3 mg/L.
0 100 200
Feet Sample exceeds action level for copper
0.039 Lead concentration (mg/L)
0.81 Copper concentration (mg/L)
ST MICHAELS SCHOOL
WATER QUALITY EVALUATION
Lead and Copper Results
Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.
8/2/2017 JN DB17.1162 Figure 3
Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

Table 2. Lead and Copper Sampling, July 19, 2017

Concentration (mg/L)
Sampling Location Vacant? Lead Copper
Transportation N 0.0048 1
NAU Building #1 Y 0.025 0.91
Flying Color Building Y 0.0098 0.73
Greenhouse N 0.0013 0.65
Staff Trailer N 0.0036 0.23
Independent Living N 0.025 0.44
Education Building N 0.0063 2
Old Primary Building Y 0.056 1.2
Rise Hogan N 0.0022 5.5
DTA N 0.0029 4.3
Multi Sensory Building N 0.0013 1.1
Nursing N 0.011 4.3
Solar Building N 0.015 1
Cafeteria N 0.0014 3.8
Administration N 0.0016 3.5
Group Home #10 N 0.00073 0.11
Group Home #9 N 0.0014 0.12
Group Home #21 N 0.0017 0.28
Group Home #14 N 0.0014 0.15
Therapy Building N 0.031 0.78
Group Home #17 Y 0.019 0.23
Group Home #18 Y 0.039 0.81
Group Home #7 Y 0.072 0.55
Residential Office Building N <0.0025 1.3
Bold indicates that value meets or exceeds the action level for lead (0.015 milligrams per
liter [mg/L]) or copper (1.3 mg/L).

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3. Treatment Alternatives

A centralized treatment facility could be located on the main service line coming in to the
campus (Figure 2). Sulfate can be removed by nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis
reversal (EDR), and ion exchange; TDS can be removed by reverse osmosis alone.

Lead and copper leaching from the piping material can be mitigated either by replacement of the
plumbing, corrosion control, or point of use (POU) treatment. The following subsections
describe the treatment alternatives.

3.1 TDS and Sulfate Removal

Sulfate and TDS are present in the source water. The only treatment technology that can
remove both TDS and sulfate is reverse osmosis. Other treatment options are available to
remove just sulfate.

3.1.1 Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis

Nanofiltration and reverse osmosis are membrane separation processes, where a barrier
(membrane) is used to separate constituents from water by applying pressure on the feed water
and forcing water molecules through the semipermeable membrane. Most of the water will go
through the membrane and exit the treatment system as purified water, while the concentrated
stream of water and contaminants is disposed of as wastewater. Typically, 60 to 90 percent of
feed water can be recovered and 10 to 40 percent of feed water is rejected. The recovery and
reject rates depend on feed water quality, operating pressure, and configuration of the treatment
system. If a sanitary sewer system is available, this waste stream can usually be disposed of
into the sewer. Nanofiltration and reverse osmosis are very similar processes, differing mostly
in the membrane pore size and operating pressure. Nanofiltration membranes have larger
pores, and therefore generally require lower pressures. Both processes require pretreatment
and post-treatment. Pretreatment is specific to feed water quality, and may include fouling
control, strainers, or a particle filter. At a minimum, the post-treatment should include pH/
alkalinity adjustment and/or blending (Edzwald, 2011).

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3.1.2 Electrodialysis Reversal

EDR is a membrane separation process where electrical potential (instead of pressure) is the
driving force. An EDR system applies an electrical potential across charged ion-exchange
membranes, and cations or anions flow through the membrane and are removed from the feed
flow. A stack of cation- and anion-selective membranes can remove ionic species in
applications such as desalination of brackish water (high salinity and TDS). EDR is reported to
have higher recovery rates than nanofiltration or reverse osmosis because the periodic reversal
of the electric field removes deposited solids and prevents scaling of the membranes. This
means that less wastewater is generated. Design parameters for an EDR system include
current, voltage, current efficiency, polarization, and water quality. A conventional three-stage
EDR process achieves 75 percent reduction in overall TDS. However, EDR is currently only
available for large commercial applications, not for a small system like SMASE (MWH, 2005).

3.1.3 Ion Exchange

Ion exchange treatment involves the passing of water through a packed column of ion exchange
resin. A combination of anion and cation exchange resins is used to reduce overall salinity of
water. A strong base anion exchange resin is used in the application of sulfate removal, where
sulfate ions in the solution are adsorbed onto the resin and replaced with chloride. The sulfate
ion has high relative affinity, which means that its adsorption onto a resin is preferred over most
other anions. While ion exchange does not generate a constant stream of waste (like
membrane processes), it does need periodic regeneration (including storage and handling of
regenerant [salt] and the disposal of backwash water). The backwash water is typically
disposed of in the sanitary sewer (Edzwald, 2011).

3.2 Lead and Copper Mitigation

3.2.1 Corrosion Control

Corrosive water can cause lead and copper to dissolve from the service lines, thereby causing
exceedances of the EPA MCLs. Because lead and copper are rarely a source water issue, and

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are almost exclusively a plumbing material issue, the best way to control the leaching of lead
and/or copper is to either replace the plumbing or control the corrosive properties of drinking
water by adjusting the pH.

Adjusting the pH to slightly above the saturation pH will prevent the water from causing
corrosion by forming a protective coating of oxides and/or calcium carbonate scale. The
difference between measured pH and calculated theoretical saturation pH is known as the
Langelier Index. If the Langelier Index is negative, the water will have corrosive properties; a
positive Langelier Index indicates that the water will have scale-forming properties.

Water treatment practices involve the addition of either lime [CaO or Ca(OH)2] or sodium
hydroxide (NaOH) to achieve a positive Langelier Index value. The addition of these chemicals
increases the alkalinity, which decreases the solubility of corrosion products such as lead
carbonate, enhancing the formation of solid metal carbonate scale that will protect the piping
from future corrosion. In water with high alkalinity (like SMASE water), it becomes more difficult
to increase the pH above 8 because the more rapid precipitation of calcium carbonate and pH
and alkalinity changes may affect the changes in the buffering capacities of water. Therefore,
pH adjustments need to be monitored carefully. The best results are achieved with in-line
monitoring and instrumentation to continuously monitor the water properties (MWH, 2005).

3.2.2 Plumbing Replacement

Because the source of lead and copper contamination is the plumbing, replacement of plumbing
will eliminate the problem. Underground service lines would be replaced with polyvinyl chloride
(PVC), and plumbing in the building would be replaced with copper.

3.2.3 Point of Use Reverse Osmosis

The principles of reverse osmosis technology are discussed in Section 3.1.1. POU reverse
osmosis refers to a small reverse osmosis unit that is typically installed under a sink or in a
utility room and treats 50 to 1,500 gallons per day (gpd).

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3.3 Aesthetic Issues

Granular activated carbon (GAC) filter units are widely used to address color and odor issues.
GAC filters are available as a POU unit, similar to the POU reverse osmosis. However, GAC
does not remove TDS or sulfate.

3.4 Comparison of Alternatives

3.4.1 TDS and Sulfate Removal

As contaminants from the source water, TDS and sulfate should be treated together. The only
process able to remove both sulfate and TDS is reverse osmosis; therefore, ion exchange and
EDR have been eliminated from further discussion. Reverse osmosis could be used in a
centralized treatment system or at the point of use (either at the tap or in each building).

3.4.2 Lead and Copper Mitigation

As discussed previously, lead and copper contamination can be mitigated by using corrosion
control, replacing the plumbing, or using POU reverse osmosis.

3.4.3 Aesthetic Issues

For buildings where lead and copper are not an issue and no medical equipment is being used,
GAC will provide a more aesthetically pleasing water for use by school residents and staff.

3.4.4 Combined Alternatives

DBS&A has evaluated six alternatives combining TDS and sulfate removal with lead and copper
mitigation to address the complete needs for the water system (Table 3). The alternatives were
evaluated and compared based on the following criteria:

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Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

 Efficacy: How effective is the treatment in removing the contaminants? How much of
the total water used by SMASE is being treated?

 Operational complexity: How sophisticated is the equipment to operate? How
frequently and how much maintenance is required? How complicated is the
administration of the facilities (public water system vs. POU treatment)?

 Capital cost: What is the cost of purchasing and installing the equipment and any
associated plumbing adjustments?

 Ongoing operation and maintenance (O&M) cost: What is the cost of labor, chemicals,
and electricity?

Table 3. Combined Alternatives

Alternative
No. Description
1 Centralized reverse osmosis treatment and POU lead treatment; POU reverse osmosis in
only the buildings that have elevated lead levels.
2 POU reverse osmosis treatment at each faucet—kitchen, restroom, and classroom. This
alternative does not include water treatment for showers due to the space restrictions for
this type of treatment system.
3 Centralized reverse osmosis treatment and plumbing replacement; includes replacement of
lead-containing plumbing and central treatment to remove TDS and sulfate.
4 Centralized reverse osmosis treatment and corrosion control; includes central treatment to
remove TDS and sulfate, with pH adjustment to control lead leaching from the plumbing.
5 POU reverse osmosis treatment at each building; includes large POU reverse osmosis unit
at each building on the campus.
6 Combination POU reverse osmosis treatment; includes large units in buildings with
showers and small units in the remaining buildings at each kitchen/classroom faucet.
7 Combination plumbing replacement, POU reverse osmosis and POU GAC; plumbing
replacement in all buildings with elevated lead and/or copper, POU reverse osmosis in
buildings with medical equipment, and POU GAC to address aesthetic issues.

The evaluation matrix is presented in Table 4. The values presented in the evaluation matrix
were graded in order to select the best technology. The grading matrix is presented in Table 5.

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Table 4. Treatment System Evaluation Matrix

Alternative Operational Annual O&M
No. Description Efficacy Complexity Capital Cost Cost
1 Centralized reverse osmosis treatment and POU lead treatment Medium-High High $113,300 $53,873
2 POU reverse osmosis treatment at each sink Low Medium-High $37,000 $19,408
3 Centralized reverse osmosis treatment and plumbing replacement High High $187,100 $55,413
4 Centralized reverse osmosis treatment and corrosion control Medium-High High $105,900 $78,313
5 POU reverse osmosis treatment at each building Medium Medium-Low $144,000 $69,304
6 Combination POU reverse osmosis (whole buildings + taps) High Medium-Low $90,000 $43,292
7 Combination POU reverse osmosis/GAC and plumbing replacement High Medium-Low $75,940 $13,337

Table 5. Treatment System Grading Matrix
17

Alternative Operational Capital Annual
No. Description Efficacy Complexity Cost O&M Cost Total
1 Centralized reverse osmosis treatment and POU lead treatment 4 1 3 3 11
2 POU reverse osmosis treatment at each sink 1 2 5 5 13
3 Centralized reverse osmosis treatment and plumbing replacement 5 1 1 2 9
4 Centralized reverse osmosis treatment and corrosion control 4 1 3 1 9
5 POU reverse osmosis treatment at each building 3 4 2 1 10
6 Combination POU reverse osmosis (whole buildings + taps) 5 4 4 3 16
7 Combination POU reverse osmosis/GAC and plumbing replacement 5 4 4 5 18

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Efficacy is graded on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows:

• 5 (High): All water is being treated to meet water quality standards while minimal
amount of water is being wasted.

• 4 (Medium-high): All water is being treated; some of the treatment is duplicated or non-
efficient.

• 3 (Medium): Most of the water is being treated, with minimal amount of waste.

• 2 (Medium-low): Water is partially treated; minimal amount of water is wasted.

• 1 (Low): Water is partially treated or large amount of water is wasted.

Operational complexity was graded on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows:

• 5 (Low): No maintenance or operational tasks required.

• 4 (Medium-low): Only annual maintenance needed, can be performed by unskilled
labor; no operational tasks required.

• 3 (Medium): Maintenance needed 2 to 3 times a year, can be performed by unskilled
labor; operational tasks include the use of basic instruments.

• 2 (Medium-high): Monthly maintenance needed, should be performed by skilled labor;
operational tasks include chemical handling and sampling. Treatment system is
permitted as public water system (PWS).

• 1 (High): Monthly or more frequent maintenance needed, performed by skilled labor
only; operational tasks include chemical handling and sampling. Treatment system is
permitted as PWS.

Capital cost was graded in a scale of 1 to 5. Scoring is based on the following criteria, where
lower capital cost results in higher score:

• 5: $37,000–$63,230
• 4: $63,230–$89,460

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Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

• 3: $89,460–$115,690
• 2: $115,690–$141,920
• 1: $141,920–$168,150

Annual O&M cost is graded on a scale of 1 to 5. Scoring is based on the following criteria,
where lower O&M cost results in a higher score:

• 5: $13,337–$26,332
• 4: $26,332–$39,327
• 3: $39,327–$52,323
• 2: $52,323–$65,318
• 1: $65,318–$78,313

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Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

4. Recommendations

4.1 Water Treatment

Based on the grading matrix in Table 5, the recommended alternative is Alternative 7.
Alternative 7 combines the much needed plumbing replacement with POU reverse osmosis and
POU GAC filtration. Plumbing replacement is needed in buildings with water showing elevated
lead and copper concentrations. POU reverse osmosis systems are recommended on kitchen
and shower faucets in buildings with medical equipment and where medical procedures are
conducted. Table 6 provides a detailed overview of which buildings need plumbing
replacement, POU reverse osmosis, or POU GAC treatment.

The small POU units will fit under a sink. Manufacturer information for the POU reverse
osmosis and GAC treatment units, including dimensions, is provided in Appendix C. The capital
and annual O&M costs provided in Table 4 represent the cost of the complete project (treatment
installed in both occupied and vacant buildings). POU reverse osmosis is expected to remove
sulfate to a concentration of 0.2 mg/L, TDS to a concentration of 40 mg/L, and lead to a
concentration of 0.002 mg/L. GAC filtration will not remove TDS or sulfate, but will improve the
aesthetic properties of water. O&M activities will consist of replacing the pre-filters every four
months, replacing the reverse osmosis membranes annually, and replacing the GAC filter
semiannually. The expected service life is 20 years.

4.2 Flushing Program

One of the causes of smell and discoloration in water is water age and water stagnation. In
stagnant water, constituents like iron and manganese can start precipitating and cause brown or
black water. NTUA is a chlorinating system, which means that chlorine is added to the water to
keep it safe and inactivate any bacteria. Water stagnation causes chlorine residual to decrease,
which can in turn cause growth of bacterial colonies in vacant buildings, which could spread into
the distribution system.

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Table 6. Recommended Water Treatment and Plumbing Replacement

Location Treatment
POU
Plumbing Reverse POU GAC
Description Vacant? Replacement Osmosis Filtration
Transportation N X
NAU Building #1 Y X X
Flying Color Building Y X
Greenhouse N
Staff Trailer N X
Independent Living N X X
Education Building N X
Old Primary Building Y X
Rise Hogan N X X
DTA N X X
Multisensory Building N X
Nursing N X X
Solar Building N X X
Cafeteria N X
Administration N X X
Group Home #10 N X
Group Home #9 N X
Group Home #21 N X
Group Home #14 N X
Therapy Building N X X
Group Home #17 Y X X
Group Home #18 Y X X
Group Home #7 Y X X
Residential Office Building N X X
POU = Point of use

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Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

SMASE is the last customer on the main line from NTUA in this area of the water system.
Although the school waterline is looped, the NTUA waterline is essentially a dead end ending at
the school. Dead ends are a significant factor in water age and related quality problems. When
demand on the water system is low, the waterlines must be flushed to keep water age low
enough to avoid quality problems. DBS&A therefore recommends that a flushing program be
instituted for the SMASE water system.

For proper flushing, a minimum velocity of 3 feet per second (fps) is required in the waterline.
For flushing the loop, based on 0.8 mile of 4-inch piping from the previous customer connection
to SMASE, a total volume of approximately 2,800 gallons would be required to flush one pipe
volume at 3 fps. Based on flushing once per week and on NTUA 2017 rates, the annual cost of
this water would be $960.

Based on the billing records provided, SMASE uses approximately 4,800 gpd, indicating that the
pipe volume is turned over almost twice a day. Based on this usage, it appears that the water
age problem may be occurring in the NTUA system, upstream of SMASE.

A flush valve is needed on the school waterline loop to provide sufficient flow and velocity. The
flush valve should be installed at the farthest location from the water source. Coordination with
NTUA may be needed to get permission to install the valve. The estimated capital cost for the
flush valve is approximately $3,000.

The annual O&M cost is estimated to be $2,260, which includes one hour of labor per week at
$25 per hour and the cost of water.

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5. Preliminary Design for Centralized Treatment

If centralized treatment is selected and installed, the treatment system would be located
adjacent to the waterline entering the SMASE property. The treatment system would remove
TDS and sulfate, but POU treatment, corrosion control, or plumbing replacement would still be
required for lead and copper mitigation at the individual buildings or taps. This section presents
preliminary design information for a centralized reverse osmosis system. The system would
include a skid-mounted reverse osmosis unit housed within a pre-fabricated building, a
10,000-gallon polyethylene storage tank located outside the building, and a booster station to
deliver the treated water from the storage tank to the distribution system serving the buildings.

5.1 Flow Rate

Monthly water use data were received for 2016 (Table 7). Based on those data, the design flow
for a centralized treatment system is 6,700 gpd. A summary of the buildings on the campus, with
the fixture count is given in Table 8. Based on the total number of fixtures, the design flowrate for
the treatment system and booster pump was selected to be 65 gallons per minute (gpm).

Table 7. SMASE Water Use, 2016

Monthly Usage (gallons) Usage (gpd)
Month On-Campus Off-Campus Total On-Campus Off-Campus Total
January 65,940 76,670 142,610 2,127 2,473 4,600
February 60,699 68,570 129,269 1,958 2,212 4,170
March 55,658 58,530 114,188 1,795 1,888 3,683
April 72,580 76,770 149,350 2,341 2,476 4,818
May 64,680 65,040 129,720 2,086 2,098 4,185
June 65,680 72,790 138,470 2,119 2,348 4,467
July 133,530 75,850 209,380 4,307 2,447 6,754
August 101,770 58,900 160,670 3,283 1,900 5,183
September 96,220 74,610 170,830 3,104 2,407 5,511
October 81,530 51,420 132,950 2,630 1,659 4,289
November 72,710 59,700 132,410 2,345 1,926 4,271
December 86,540 67,980 154,520 2,792 2,193 4,985
Total 957,537 806,830 1,764,367

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Table 8. Fixture Count by Building

Fixture Count
Kitchen Restroom
Building Vacant? Faucet Faucet Toilet Shower Washer Dishwasher
Transportation N 1 1
NAU Building #1 Y 1 1 1 1
Flying Color Building Y 1 1 1
Greenhouse N 1
Staff Trailer N 1 1 1 1 1 1
Independent Living N 1 1 1 1
Education Building N 4 4
Old Primary Building Y 2 2 2
Rise Hogan N 2 3 3 1 1
DTA N 1 3 3 1 1
Multisensory Building N 1 2 2 1
Nursing N 1 2 2 1 1
Solar Building N 4 5 5 1
Cafeteria N 3 2 2 1
Administration N 1 2 2
Group Home #10 N 1 2 2 2 1
Group Home #9 N 1 2 2 2 1
Group Home #21 N 1 2 2 2 1
Group Home #14 N 1 2 2 2 1
Therapy Building N 1 1
Group Home #17 Y 1 2 2 2 1
Group Home #18 Y 1 2 2 2 1
Group Home #7 Y 1 2 2 2 1
Residential Office Building N 1 1 1
Total: 155 fixtures

5.2 Design Layout

The proposed location for a centralized treatment unit is at the southeast corner of the campus.
A conceptual floor plan is provided as Figure 4 and preliminary site location is shown on
Figure 2. Manufacturer cut sheets for the centralized treatment unit are provided in Appendix D.

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10,000 GAl..l.ON
STORAGE TANK
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Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

Based on the sampling results provided in Table 2, the following 14 buildings have elevated
lead or copper concentrations, and need additional treatment or plumbing replacement even if
centralized treatment is selected and installed:

• NAU Building #1
• Independent Living
• Old Primary Building
• Rise Hogan
• DTA
• Nursing
• Solar Building
• Cafeteria
• Administration
• Therapy Building
• Group Home #17
• Group Home #18
• Group Home #7
• Residential Office Building

5.3 Waste Stream Disposal

Reverse osmosis treatment generates a waste stream estimated to be 30 percent of the flow.
This waste stream can be disposed of by discharge to the sanitary sewer. According to NTUA
(the sewer service provider for SMASE), there are no special requirements for discharged
wastewater quality. The Window Rock Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) has been issued
NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) Permit No. NN0021555. Per the
sewer tariff, if the permit limits are exceeded in the WWTP discharge, NTUA staff will investigate
the source of the contamination. If the source is found at a customer’s property, NTUA has the
right to shut off the water service for that property. Reject water from the centralized treatment
facility is expected to be high in TDS and sulfate, which are not limited in the NPDES permit.

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The estimated volume of waste is 2,000 gpd from the centralized treatment unit and 0 gpd from
under the sink POU treatment units.

5.4 Cost

The total cost of centralized treatment is estimated at $106,000 to $187,000 based on the lead
and copper mitigation selected. Detailed cost estimates are provided in Appendix E.

5.5 Operation and Maintenance

The centralized treatment option presents a much higher level of operational complexity than
POU treatment.

If centralized treatment is selected, the system design must meet the minimum design criteria
set forth in Navajo Nation Primary Drinking Water Regulations (NNPDWR), Section XV
(NNEPA, 2015). Before construction, a construction permit would need to be obtained from the
NNEPA. Construction permit application requirements are presented in NNPDWR Section XVI,
and include an application form, appropriate fee (determined by the NNEPA), detailed plans
sealed by a professional engineer, detailed specifications, an engineering report, construction
schedule, and NTUA’s letter stating the willingness to provide water.

In addition, if centralized treatment is selected, SMASE must apply for and be issued a PWS
number by the NNEPA and be regulated as a PWS. This will require compliance with all water
quality and administrative standards set forth in NNPDWR, including appropriate sampling and
staffing or contracting a certified operator.

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Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

6. Conclusion

The recommended project will consist of the following:

• Replacing the plumbing in the following buildings:

− NAU Building #1
− Independent Living
− Old Primary Building
− Rise Hogan
− DTA
− Nursing
− Solar Building
− Administration
− Therapy building
− Group Home #17
− Group Home #18
− Group Home #7
− Residential Office Building

• Installing 18 small POU reverse osmosis units (up to 50 gpd) in the following buildings:

− Currently occupied/in use (units to be installed immediately)

 DTA (2 units)
 Multisensory Building (2 units)
 Nursing (2 units)
 Cafeteria (3 units)

− Currently vacant (units to be installed as the buildings are becoming occupied/in use)

 Group Home #17 (3 units)
 Group Home #18 (3 units)
 Group Home #7 (3 units)

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• Installing 29 small POU GAC units (1.1 gpm) in the following buildings:

− Currently occupied/in use (units to be installed immediately)

 Transportation (1 unit)
 Staff Trailer (2 units)
 Independent Living (2 units)
 Education Building (1 unit)
 Rise Hogan (3 units)
 Solar Building (4 units)
 Administration (1 unit)
 Group Home #10 (3 units)
 Group Home #9 (3 units)
 Group Home #21 (3 units)
 Group Home #14 (3 units)
 Residential Office Building (1 unit)

− Currently vacant (units to be installed as the buildings are becoming occupied/in use)

 NAU Building #1 (2 units)
 Flying Color Building (1 unit)

The total anticipated capital cost of the project is $76,000. This cost could be phased over time,
or reduced by selecting only the most critical buildings for plumbing modifications.

The annual O&M cost is estimated at $13,337, which includes the cost of the pre-filters to be
changed every four months in each reverse osmosis unit, the cost of the annual replacement of
all reverse osmosis membranes, and the cost of semiannual replacement of all GAC filters.
Filter and membrane replacement can be performed by SMASE maintenance staff.

Providing POU treatment avoids the needs to become registered as a PWS, which would
require a number of managerial changes, employment of a certified operator, and regulatory
sampling and reporting.

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Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.

Fewer buildings could be selected for treatment to lower the capital cost and recurring O&M
costs, focusing on housing as a first priority.

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References

Edzwald, J.K. (Ed.). 2011. Water quality and treatment: A handbook on drinking water. Sixth
edition. American Water Works Association.

Montgomery Watson Harza (MWH). 2005. Water treatment principles and design. Second
edition. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey.

Navajo Nation Environmental Protection Agency (NNEPA). 2015. Navajo Nation primary
drinking water regulations. Available at <http://www.navajopublicwater.org/
01NNPDWR100_introdef.pdf>.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA). 2003. Drinking water advisory: Consumer
acceptability advice and health effects analysis on sulfate. EPA 822-R-03-007. February
2003.

U.S. EPA. 2008. Lead and copper rule: A quick reference guide.

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Appendix A

Consumer Confidence
Reports
NAVAJO TRIBAL UTILITY AUTHORITY Safe Drinking Water Act PROTECT OUR WATER . . .

2015
an enterprise of the navajo nation
In 1996, the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was Conserve Water & Prevent Water Pollution
amended to ensure public water systems provide safe
drinking water to the public and meet drinking water quality
standards. The United States Environmental Protection

Consumer Agency (USEPA) is governed to oversee states, localities,
and water suppliers who implement these drinking water
standards. Pursuant to SDWA, USEPA established maximum

Confidence NN0403000
contaminant levels, maximum contaminant level goals, action
levels, and treatment techniques to protect public health from
drinking water contamination. NTUA is also regulated by the

Report Fort Defiance, Window Rock
and St Michaels, Arizona
Navajo Nation Environmental Protection Agency (NNEPA) and
must also comply with Navajo Nation Primary Drinking Water
Regulations (NNPDWR). Health Effects Language
NOTE: Drinking water, including bottled water, may Total Trihalomethanes (TTHMs) Some people who use
reasonably be expected to contain minimal concentrations water containing trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over
Consumer Confidence Report water is pre–treated, filtered, and post–treated to become of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does many years may experience liver, kidney, or central nervous
The Navajo Tribal Utility Authority (NTUA) operates and potable water. not necessarily indicate the drinking water poses a health system problems, and may have an increased risk of getting
maintains the public water system within your community. risk. Information about contaminants and potential health cancer.
NTUA has created the Consumer Confidence Report to General Information effects can be obtained from the USEPA Safe Drinking Uranium (combined) Some people who drink water contain-
It is important for you, our valued customer, to understand Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791) or online at http://www.
reassure our dedication and commitment in providing safe ing uranium in excess of the MCL over many years may have
the potential occurrence and presence of contaminants within epa.gov/safewater.
and quality potable water to you, our valued customer. Please your potable water. As water flows on or beneath the surface an increased risk of getting cancer and kidney toxicity.
take a few minutes to view this report and become familiar of the earth, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and Total Coliform Coliforms are bacteria that are naturally pres-
with your potable water. pollutants produced from animal and/or human activity. These Table Definitions ent in the environment and are used as an indicator that other,
The Consumer Confidence Report will provide valuable disturbed minerals and pollutants are called contaminants and Action Level (AL): The concentration of copper and lead in potentially-harmful, bacteria may be present. Coliforms were
information about your potable water, such as, the type of could potentially be found in your potable water. Although, potable water which determines if treatment requirements are found in more samples than allowed and this was a warning
water source, recent water quality detections, potential health these contaminants may not necessarily pose a health risk to necessary for a public water system. of potential problems.
effects, and governing drinking water standards and regula- you, they may be of a particular risk to individuals with com- Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL): The maximum permis-
tions. With water being an intricate part of our lifestyle, NTUA promised immune systems. These individuals include persons sible level of a contaminant in potable water which is delivered Special Education Statements
will continue to ensure the protection and quality of potable diagnosed with cancer and undergoing chemotherapy, persons to any user of a public water system. Additional Information for Lead - can cause serious
water served to your community. who have undergone organ transplants, persons with HIV/AIDS Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG): The maximum
or other immune–deficiency disorders, and elderly and infants health problems, especially for pregnant women and young
level of a contaminant in potable water at which no known or antic-
NTUA’s Mission who may be prone to infection by these contaminants. These ipated adverse health effect would occur, allowing for an adequate children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials
To provide safe and reliable services to our customers individuals should seek advice from their health care provider margin of safety. and components associated with service lines and home
that exceeds their expectations. about consuming community potable water. Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL): The maxi- plumbing. PWS system is responsible for providing high
mum permissible level of a disinfectant in potable water which quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of ma-
Your Water Source For Additional Information is delivered to any user of a public water system. terials used in plumbing components. When your water has
NTUA provides potable water from several different Additional information about your public water sys- Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG): The been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the poten-
sources. The majority of communities receive their potable tem and potable water quality can be obtained from the maximum level of a disinfectant in potable water at which no tial for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds
water from ground water. Ground water is pumped from wells, NTUA Environmental Compliance & Laboratory Department. known or anticipated adverse health effect would occur, allow-
NTUA Environmental Compliance to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If
ranging from several feet to hundreds of feet in depth, and ing for an adequate margin of safety.
treated to become potable water. Some communities receive & Laboratory Department you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish
Treatment Technique (TT): A required physical or chemical
their potable water from streams and springs. Stream and Attention: Sherwin Curley, Technical Assistant treatment process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking
spring water is treated, as if it were ground water, to become P.O. Box 170, Fort Defiance, Arizona 86504 in potable water. water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize
potable water. However, some communities receive their po- Phone: 928-729-6207, Fax: 928-709-6249 Locational Running Annual Average (LRAA): The arithme- exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline
table water from surface water, such as, the Animas River, the For Utility Outages or Emergencies 1-800-528-5011. tic average of analytical results for samples taken at a specific at 1-800-426-4791 or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead/
San Juan River, Farmington Lake, and Lake Powell. Surface monitoring location during the previous four calendar quarters. leadfactsheet.html.ctsheet.html.
Why Are There Contminants In My Drinking Water? NN0403000 - continued water quality
y table
YOUR RANGE
N SAMPLE
Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of CONTAMINANT MCLG MCL WATER UNIT LOW HIGH DATE VIOLATION TYPICAL SOURCE
expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. industrial processes and petroleum production, and can RADIONUCLIDE CONTAMINANTS
The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, Adjusted Alpha 0 15 3.4 pCi/L 1.6 1.8 2013 No Erosion of natural deposits
(Excl. Radon & U)
water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and septic systems; and radioactive contaminants, which Combined Radium 0 5 0.2 pCi/L ND 0.2 2013 No Erosion of natural deposits
and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas 226/228
Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline production and mining activities. Uranium (combined) 0 30 67.7 ppb ND 24.8 2013 Yes Erosion of natural deposits
(800–426–4791). In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, Unit Descriptions: ppm (parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/L)); ppb (parts per billion, or microgram per liter (ug/L)); positives
The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain samples/yr (the number of positive samples taken that year); % positive samples/month (% of samples taken monthly that were positive); N/A (Not
water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, applicable); ND (Not detected); NR (Monitoring not required, but recommended); MCLG (Maximum Contaminant Level Goal is the level of a contaminant in drink-
contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food ing water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.); MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level is the highest level
and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.); TT (Treatment
through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same Technique is a required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.); AL (Action Level is the concentration of a contaminant which,
in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances if exceeded, trigger treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.); Variances and Exemptions (State or EPA permission not to meet
protection for public health. an MCL or a treatment technique under certain conditions.); MRDLG (Maximum residual disinfection level goal is the level of a drinking water disinfectant below
resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants); MRDL (Maxi-
including: Water Quality Table mum residual disinfectant level is the highest level of disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary
for control of microbial contaminants); MNR (Monitored Not Regulated); and MPL (State Assigned Maximum Permissible Level); mrem/yr (Millirem per year).
Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, The table below lists all of the drinking water contami-
that may come from sewage treatment plants, septic UNREGULATED CONTAMINANTS Monitoring Rule 3 Sampling
nants analyzed during the calendar year of this report. The
systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife; AMT AMT
inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which presence of contaminants in the water does not necessarily SUBSTANCE SAMPLED MRL DETECTED VIOLATION LOCATION SUBSTANCE SAMPLED MRL DETECTED VIOLATION LOCATION

can be naturally occurring or result from urban stormwater indicate that the water poses a health risk. Unless otherwise Chromium 3/10/15 0.2 3.3 No B. L. Navajo Strontium 3/10/15 0.3 1400 No Buell Park 2
Molybdenum 3/10/15 1.0 9.9 No B. L. Navajo Vanadium 3/10/15 0.2 2.9 No Buell Park 2
runoff, industrial, or domestic wastewater discharges, oil noted, the data presented in this table is from testing done in Strontium 3/10/15 0.3 1200 No B. L. Navajo Chromium, Hexavalent 3/10/15 0.03 3.7 No Buell Park 2
and gas production, mining, or farming; pesticides and the calendar year of the report. The EPA or the State requires Vanadium 3/10/15 0.2 2.7 No B. L. Navajo Strontium 3/10/15 0.3 590 No Slick Rock A-1
herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such monitoring for certain contaminants less than once per year Chromium, Hexavalent 3/10/15 0.03 3.7 No B. L. Navajo Vanadium 3/10/15 0.2 4.8 No Slick Rock A-1
Molybdenum 3/10/15 1.0 4.6 No Black Rock WTP Strontium 3/10/15 0.3 730 No D.R.N. Upper Coalmine
as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential because the concentrations of these contaminants do not Strontium 3/10/15 0.3 1500 No Black Rock WTP Vanadium 3/10/15 0.2 0.6 No D.R.N. Upper Coalmine
uses; organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic change frequently. 1,1-Dichloroethane 3/10/15 0.03 0.30 No Black Rock WTP Chlorate 3/10/15 20 26 No D.R.N. Upper Coalmine
Chromium 3/10/15 0.2 0.4 No E.B. Window Rock Strontium 3/10/15 0.3 560 No G Booster Station Coalmine
Molybdenum 3/10/15 1.0 2.7 No E.B. Window Rock
Vanadium 3/10/15 0.2 1.7 No G Booster Station Coalmine
NN0403000 - Navajo, NM / Fort Defiance, Window Rock & Hunter’s Point, AZ Strontium
Vanadium
3/10/15
3/10/15
0.3
0.2
1300
0.3
No
No
E.B. Window Rock
E.B. Window Rock
Chromium, Hexavalent 3/10/15 0.03 0.12 No Hunters Point 1
YOUR RANGE
N SAMPLE Molybdenum 4/1/15 1.0 1.5 No Hunters Point 1
Chromium, Hexavalent 3/31/15 0.03 0.27 No E.B. Window Rock
CONTAMINANT MCLG MCL WATER UNIT LOW HIGH DATE VIOLATION TYPICAL SOURCE Chromium 3/10/15 0.2 0.3 No E.T. St. Michaels Strontium 4/1/15 0.3 910 No Hunters Point 1
MICROBIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS Molybdenum 3/10/15 1.0 1.5 No E.T. St. Michaels Vanadium 4/1/15 0.2 1.2 No Hunters Point 1
Total Coliform 0 2 or more 1 positive N/A N/A 2015 No Naturally present in the envoronment. Strontium 3/10/15 0.3 620 No E.T. St. Michaels Molybdenum 3/10/15 1.0 1.4 No M. B. Hunters Pt.
positive samples Vanadium 3/10/15 0.2 2.6 No E.T. St. Michaels Strontium 3/10/15 0.3 870 No M. B. Hunters Pt.
samples/month (highest) Chromium, Hexavalent 3/10/15 0.03 0.24 No E.T. St. Michaels Vanadium 3/10/15 0.2 1.0 No M. B. Hunters Pt.
Fecal coliform/ 0 2 or more All Results N/A N/A 2015 No Human and animal waste. Chromium 3/10/15 0.2 3.5 No Buell Park 2 Chromium, Hexavalent 3/31/15 0.03 0.13 No M. B. Hunters Pt.
E. Coli positive Negative Molybdenum 3/10/15 1.0 10 No Buell Park 2
samples/month
DISINFECTION BY-PRODUCTS MONITORING AND REPORTING VIOLATIONS - NN0403000
Five Haloacetic N/A 60 24 ppb ND 30.7 2015 No By-product of drinking water chlorination CONTAMINANT TYPE OF BEGIN/END
B STEPS TAKEN TO RETURN TO RETURN ACTION
Acids (HAA5) NAME VIOLATION DATE COMMENTS CORRECT THE VIOLATON COMPLIANCE DATE COMMENT
Total Trihalomethanes N/A 80 129.5 ppb 4.4 154 2015 Yes By-product of drinking water chlorination Five Haloacetic Failure to conduct 4/1/2015 Failed to monitor and/or Subsequent reporting of Yes 11/17/2015 RTC, sample results
(TTHMs) Acids routine monitoring 6/30/2015 report required Stage 2 required sampling results received for quarterly
(HAA5) to determine LRAA DBPR monitoring results or IDSE. received for quarterly
INORGANIC CONTAMINANTS compliance or failure due quarterly from Stage 2- due quarterly from
Beryllium 4 4 0.2 ppb N/A N/A 2012 No Discharge from metal refineries, coal-burning factories, and to submit IDSE. Connie Roanhorse residence. sampling requirements.
electrical aerospace and defense industries.
Total Failure to conduct 4/1/2015 Failed to monitor and/or Subsequent reporting of Yes 11/17/2015 RTC, sample results
Chromium 100 100 1.1 ppb 0.4 2.1 2012 No Discharge from steel and pulp mills and chrome plating; Trihalomethanes routine monitoring 6/30/2015 report required Stage 2 required sampling results received for quarterly
erosion of natural deposits (TTHMs) to determine LRAA DBPR monitoring results results or IDSE. sampling requirements.
Fluoride 4 4 0.048 ppm N/A N/A 2015 No Erosion of natural deposits; water additive which promotes compliance or failure due quarterly from Stage 2-
strong teeth; discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories to submit IDSE. Connie Roanhorse residence.
Mercury 2 2 0.725 ppm ND 0.8 2011 No Erosion of natural deposits; discharge from refineries and Five Haloacetic Failure to conduct 7/1/2015 Failed to monitor and/or Subsequent reporting of Yes 11/17/2015 RTC, sample results
factories, runoff from landfills; runoff from cropland Acids routine monitoring to 9/30/2015 report required Stage 2 required sampling received for quarterly
Nitrate 10 10 1.1 ppm ND 1.1 2015 No Runoff and leaching from fertilizer use; leaching from septic (HAA5) determine LRAA DBPR monitoring results results or IDSE. sampling requirements.
(reported as Nitrogen) tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits. compliance or failure due quarterly from Stage 2-
to submit IDSE. Connie Roanhorse residence.
Sodium 283 ppm N/A N/A 2015 N/A Erosion of natural deposits; salt water intrusion
Total Failure to conduct 7/1/2015 Failed to monitor and/or Subsequent reporting of Yes 11/17/2015 RTC, sample results
LEAD AND COPPER RULE Trihalomethanes routine monitoring to 9/30/2015 report required Stage 2 required sampling results received for quarterly
Copper 1.3 1.3 0.171 ppm N/A N/A 2013 No Corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of natural (TTHMs) determine LRAA DBPR monitoring results or IDSE. quarterly sampling
90th Percentile deposits; leaching from wood preservatives compliance or failure due quarterly from Stage 2- requirements.
to submit IDSE. Connie Roanhorse residence.
Fort Defiance/Window Rock/St Michaels - NTUA
Annual Water Quality Report
Public Water System ID#: NN0403000
Calendar Year 2016

This report is a snapshot of your water quality. Included are details about where your water comes from, what it contains,
and how it compares to standards set by regulatory agencies. We are committed to providing you with information because
informed customers are our best allies.

Do I need to take special precautions?
Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised
persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with
HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These
people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. The Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by
Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Water Drinking Hotline (800-426-4791).

Where does my water come from?
Your water comes from 18 ground water sources.

Why are there contaminants in my drinking water?
Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.
The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about
contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's Safe Drinking
Water Hotline (800–426–4791).

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and
wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in
some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity
including:

microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, that may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural
livestock operations, and wildlife; inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result
from urban stormwater runoff, industrial, or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming;
pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and
residential uses; organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of
industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic
systems; and radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining
activities.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in
water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for contaminants
in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.
WATER QUALITY TABLE
The table below lists all of the drinking water contaminants detected during the calendar year of this report. The presence of
contaminants in the water does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. Unless otherwise noted, the data
presented in this table is from testing done in the calendar year of the report. The EPA or the State requires monitoring for
certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change frequently.

Contaminants
Your Sample
MCLG MCL Water Range Date Violation Typical Source
Low High
Disinfection By-
Products

Five Haloacetic Acids (HAA5) By-product of drinking water
Units: ppb N/A 60 20.9 ND 24.9 2016 No chlorination

Total Trihalomethanes By-product of drinking water
(TTHMs) Units: ppb N/A 80 125.9 ND 154 2016 Yes chlorination

Inorganic
Contaminants

Erosion of natural deposits; runoff from
orchards; glass and electronics
Arsenic Units: ppb 0 10 6 ND ND 2016 No production wastes

Discharge of oil drilling wastes and
from metal refineries; erosion of natural
Barium Units: ppm 2 2 0.136 ND ND 2016 No deposits

Discharge from steel and pulp mills and
chrome plating; erosion of natural
Chromium Units: ppb 100 100 8 ND ND 2016 No deposits

Erosion of natural deposits; water
additive which promotes strong teeth;
discharge from fertilizer and aluminum
Fluoride Units: ppm 4 4 0.4 ND ND 2016 No factories

Runoff and leaching from fertilizer use;
Nitrate [reported as Nitrogen] leaching from septic tanks, sewage;
Units: ppm 10 10 0.95 ND 0.95 2016 No erosion of natural deposits

Discharge from petroleum, glass and
metal refineries; erosion of natural
deposits; discharge from mines and
Selenium Units: ppb 50 50 3 ND ND 2016 No chemical manufacturers; runoff

Erosion of natural deposits; salt water
Sodium Units: ppm 283 ND ND 2016 N/A intrusion
Contaminants
Sample
MCLG MCL Your Water Range Date Violation Typical Source
Low High
Lead and Copper
Rule
Action
Level Range
3 sites
over Corrosion of household plumbing
Copper Units: ppm - Action systems; erosion of natural deposits;
90th Percentile 1.3 1.3 1.08 Level 2016 No leaching from wood preservatives

0 sites Corrosion of household water plumbing
over systems; discharges from industrial
Lead Units: ppb - 90th Action manufacturers; erosion of natural
Percentile 0 15 2 Level 2016 No deposits

Radiological
Contaminants

Adjusted Alpha (Excl.
Radon & U) Units: pCi/L 0 15 1.8 1.6 1.8 2013 No Erosion of natural deposits

Combined Radium
226/228 Units: pCi/L 0 5 0.2 ND 0.2 2013 No Erosion of natural deposits

Uranium (combined)
Units: ppb 0 30 24.8 ND 24.8 2013 No Erosion of natural deposits

Health Effects Language
Total Trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
Some people who use water containing trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may experience liver, kidney, or central
nervous system problems, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer.

Special Education Statements
Additional Information for Arsenic
While your drinking water meets the EPA standard for arsenic, it does contain low levels of arsenic. The EPA standard balances the
current understanding of arsenic's possible health effects against the costs of removing arsenic from drinking water. The EPA continues
to research the health effects of low levels of arsenic which is a mineral known to cause cancer in humans at high concentrations and is
linked to other health effects such as skin damage and circulatory problems.
Additional Information for Lead
If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking
water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. PWS system is responsible for
providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has
been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before
using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information
on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline
at 1-800-426-4791 or at http://www.epa.gov/your-drinking-water/basic-information-about-lead-drinking-water.

Microbiological Testing
We are required to test your water regularly for signs of microbial contamination. Positive test results could lead to follow-up investigations called
assessments and potentially the issuance of public health advisories. Assessments could lead to required corrective actions. The information below
summarizes the results of those tests.
Total E.Coli Assessment Assessments
Sampling Requirements Sampling Conducted (months) Positive Triggers Conducted
15 Samples due monthly 12 out of 12 0 1 1

During the year 2016 we were required to conduct One Level 1 Assessment. One Level 1 Assessment was completed.

Definitions
A Level 1 Assessment is a study of the water system to identify potential problems and determine (if possible) why total coliform bacteria have been
found in our water system.
Coliforms are bacteria that are naturally present in the environment and are used as an indicator that other, potentially harmful, waterborne pathogens may
be present or that a potential pathway exists through which contamination may enter the drinking wate distribution system. We found coliforms
indicating the need to look for potential problems in water treatment or distribution. When this occurs, we are required
Unit Descriptions

Term

ppm – parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/L)
ppb – parts per billion, or microgram per liter (ug/L)
positives samples – positive samples/year: the number of positive samples taken that year
% positive samples/month – % positive samples/month: % of samples taken monthly that were positive
N/A – Not applicable
ND – Not detected
NR – Monitoring not required, but recommended.
MCLG – Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected
risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.
MCL – Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the
MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

TT – Treatment Technique: A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.
AL – Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, trigger treatment or other requirements which a water system
must follow.

Variances and Exemptions – State or EPA permission not to meet an MCL or a treatment technique under certain conditions.

MRDLG – Maximum Residual Disinfection Level Goal. The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or
expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

MRDL – Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level. The highest level of disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing
evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

MNR – Monitored Not Regulated
MPL – State Assigned Maximum Permissible Level
mrem/yr: – Millirem per year
Monitoring and Reporting Violations

Contaminant Type of Violation Begin/End Comments Steps Taken to Return to Return Action
Correct the
Name/Rule Date Compliance Date Comment
Violation

(RTC)
Failed to monitor
Failure to conduct and/or report required
routine monitoring Stage 2 DBPR
to determine LRAA monitoring results due
compliance or quarterly from Stage 2 - Subsequent reporting of RTC, quarterly
Five Haloacetic Acids failure to submit 1/1/2016 Eva Todacheenie required sampling sample results
(HAA5) IDSE. 3/31/2016 residence. results or IDSE. Yes 3/8/2016 received.

Failed to monitor
Failure to conduct and/or report required
routine monitoring Stage 2 DBPR
to determine LRAA monitoring results due
compliance or quarterly from Stage 2 - Subsequent reporting of RTC, quarterly
Total Trihalomethanes failure to submit 1/1/2016 Eva Todacheenie required sampling sample results
(TTHMs) IDSE. 3/31/2016 residence. results or IDSE. Yes 3/8/2016 received.

Minor
monitoring/reporting
violation for routine 14 reported results of
bacteriological 2/1/2016 the 15 samples required Reporting monitoring RTC, PN
Total Coliform monitoring 2/29/2016 per month results as required. Yes 3/7/2016 received.

How can I get involved?
Please feel free to contact the number provided below for more information.
For more information please contact:
Raquel Whitehorse, Supervisor, PO Box 170, Fort Defiance, Arizona 86504-0170
Phone: (928) 729-6239
Fax: (928) 729-6249
Appendix B

Analytical Reports
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory
4901 Hawkins NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
TEL: 505-345-3975 FAX: 505-345-4107
Website: www.hallenvironmental.com

July 20, 2017
Jennifer Hill
Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
6020 Academy NE Suite 100
Albuquerque, NM 87109
TEL: (505) 822-9400
FAX (505) 822-8877

RE: St. Michaels School OrderNo.: 1706C83

Dear Jennifer Hill:

Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory received 4 sample(s) on 6/22/2017 for the
analyses presented in the following report.

These were analyzed according to EPA procedures or equivalent. To access our accredited
tests please go to www.hallenvironmental.com or the state specific web sites. In order to
properly interpret your results, it is imperative that you review this report in its entirety.
See the sample checklist and/or the Chain of Custody for information regarding the
sample receipt temperature and preservation. Data qualifiers or a narrative will be
provided if the sample analysis or analytical quality control parameters require a flag.
When necessary, data qualifiers are provided on both the sample analysis report and the
QC summary report, both sections should be reviewed. All samples are reported, as
received, unless otherwise indicated. Lab measurement of analytes considered field
parameters that require analysis within 15 minutes of sampling such as pH and residual
chlorine are qualified as being analyzed outside of the recommended holding time.

Please don't hesitate to contact HEAL for any additional information or clarifications.

ADHS Cert #AZ0682 -- NMED-DWB Cert #NM9425 -- NMED-Micro Cert #NM0190

Sincerely,

Andy Freeman
Laboratory Manager
4901 Hawkins NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported: 7/20/2017

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: IND#195-20170622
Project: St. Michaels School Collection Date: 6/22/2017 10:30:00 AM
Lab ID: 1706C83-001 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 6/22/2017 4:38:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Antimony ND 0.0010 mg/L 1 7/6/2017 5:55:15 PM A44048
Arsenic ND 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/5/2017 8:24:04 PM A44014
Copper 1.6 0.050 * mg/L 50 7/5/2017 8:29:12 PM A44014
Lead 0.049 0.0025 * mg/L 5 7/5/2017 8:24:04 PM A44014
Selenium ND 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/5/2017 8:24:04 PM A44014
Thallium ND 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:18:55 PM A44014
Uranium 0.0010 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:18:55 PM A44014

SM2340B: HARDNESS Analyst: pmf
Hardness (As CaCO3) 520 6.6 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 R44011

EPA METHOD 180.1: TURBIDITY Analyst: KS
Turbidity 0.50 0.50 NTU 1 6/23/2017 5:06:00 PM R43764

EPA METHOD 300.0: ANIONS Analyst: MRA
Fluoride 0.32 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 1:37:05 PM R43801
Chloride 190 10 mg/L 20 6/23/2017 2:14:19 PM R43801
Nitrogen, Nitrite (As N) ND 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 1:37:05 PM R43801
Nitrogen, Nitrate (As N) 0.49 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 1:37:05 PM R43801
Phosphorus, Orthophosphate (As P) ND 0.50 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 1:37:05 PM R43801
Sulfate 400 10 * mg/L 20 6/23/2017 2:14:19 PM R43801

SM2320B: ALKALINITY Analyst: JRR
Bicarbonate (As CaCO3) 386.3 20.00 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/27/2017 11:16:58 PM R43848
Carbonate (As CaCO3) ND 2.000 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/27/2017 11:16:58 PM R43848
Total Alkalinity (as CaCO3) 386.3 20.00 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/27/2017 11:16:58 PM R43848

SM2540C MOD: TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS Analyst: KS
Total Dissolved Solids 1310 20.0 * mg/L 1 6/26/2017 1:05:00 PM 32469

SM4500-H+B: PH Analyst: JRR
pH 7.95 H pH units 1 6/27/2017 11:16:58 PM R43848

EPA METHOD 200.7: DISSOLVED METALS Analyst: pmf
Iron ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:08:04 PM A44011
Manganese ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:08:04 PM A44011
Silica 15 0.86 mg/L 5 7/7/2017 12:45:35 PM A44045

EPA METHOD 200.7: METALS Analyst: pmf
Aluminum ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Barium 0.060 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Beryllium ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Cadmium ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 1 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported: 7/20/2017

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: IND#195-20170622
Project: St. Michaels School Collection Date: 6/22/2017 10:30:00 AM
Lab ID: 1706C83-001 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 6/22/2017 4:38:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA METHOD 200.7: METALS Analyst: pmf
Calcium 120 10 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 6:27:38 PM A44011
Chromium ND 0.0060 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Iron 0.048 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Magnesium 54 1.0 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Manganese 0.0032 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Potassium 3.7 1.0 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Silver ND 0.0050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Sodium 240 10 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 6:27:38 PM A44011
Strontium ND 0.010 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Vanadium ND 0.050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011
Zinc 0.82 0.010 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:25:45 PM A44011

EPA METHOD 245.1: MERCURY Analyst: MED
Mercury ND 0.00020 mg/L 1 7/3/2017 12:47:11 PM 32605

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 2 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported: 7/20/2017

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: RH-20170622
Project: St. Michaels School Collection Date: 6/22/2017 11:00:00 AM
Lab ID: 1706C83-002 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 6/22/2017 4:38:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Antimony ND 0.0010 mg/L 1 7/6/2017 6:00:23 PM A44048
Arsenic ND 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/5/2017 8:49:50 PM A44014
Copper 0.91 0.050 mg/L 50 7/5/2017 8:54:59 PM A44014
Lead 0.00095 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:34:21 PM A44014
Selenium ND 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/5/2017 8:49:50 PM A44014
Thallium ND 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:34:21 PM A44014
Uranium 0.0012 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:34:21 PM A44014

SM2340B: HARDNESS Analyst: pmf
Hardness (As CaCO3) 510 6.6 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 R44011

EPA METHOD 180.1: TURBIDITY Analyst: KS
Turbidity ND 0.50 NTU 1 6/23/2017 5:06:00 PM R43764

EPA METHOD 300.0: ANIONS Analyst: MRA
Fluoride 0.31 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 2:26:45 PM R43801
Chloride 180 10 mg/L 20 6/23/2017 2:39:09 PM R43801
Nitrogen, Nitrite (As N) 0.45 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 2:26:45 PM R43801
Nitrogen, Nitrate (As N) 0.33 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 2:26:45 PM R43801
Phosphorus, Orthophosphate (As P) ND 0.50 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 2:26:45 PM R43801
Sulfate 410 10 * mg/L 20 6/23/2017 2:39:09 PM R43801

SM2320B: ALKALINITY Analyst: JRR
Bicarbonate (As CaCO3) 392.4 20.00 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/27/2017 11:33:22 PM R43848
Carbonate (As CaCO3) ND 2.000 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/27/2017 11:33:22 PM R43848
Total Alkalinity (as CaCO3) 392.4 20.00 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/27/2017 11:33:22 PM R43848

SM2540C MOD: TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS Analyst: KS
Total Dissolved Solids 1300 20.0 * mg/L 1 6/26/2017 1:05:00 PM 32469

SM4500-H+B: PH Analyst: JRR
pH 7.95 H pH units 1 6/27/2017 11:33:22 PM R43848

EPA METHOD 200.7: DISSOLVED METALS Analyst: pmf
Iron ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:13:48 PM A44011
Manganese ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:13:48 PM A44011
Silica 15 1.7 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 8:15:45 PM A44011

EPA METHOD 200.7: METALS Analyst: pmf
Aluminum ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Barium 0.060 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Beryllium ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Cadmium ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 3 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported: 7/20/2017

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: RH-20170622
Project: St. Michaels School Collection Date: 6/22/2017 11:00:00 AM
Lab ID: 1706C83-002 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 6/22/2017 4:38:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA METHOD 200.7: METALS Analyst: pmf
Calcium 110 10 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 6:31:35 PM A44011
Chromium ND 0.0060 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Iron ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Magnesium 55 1.0 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Manganese 0.0020 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Potassium 3.8 1.0 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Silver ND 0.0050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Sodium 240 10 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 6:31:35 PM A44011
Strontium ND 0.010 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Vanadium ND 0.050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011
Zinc 0.11 0.010 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:29:42 PM A44011

EPA METHOD 245.1: MERCURY Analyst: MED
Mercury ND 0.00020 mg/L 1 7/3/2017 12:53:10 PM 32605

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 4 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported: 7/20/2017

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: HB-20170622
Project: St. Michaels School Collection Date: 6/22/2017 11:30:00 AM
Lab ID: 1706C83-003 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 6/22/2017 4:38:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Antimony ND 0.0010 mg/L 1 7/6/2017 6:05:32 PM A44048
Arsenic ND 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/5/2017 9:05:15 PM A44014
Copper 0.078 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/5/2017 9:05:15 PM A44014
Lead 0.0011 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 9:00:07 PM A44014
Selenium ND 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/5/2017 9:05:15 PM A44014
Thallium ND 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 9:00:07 PM A44014
Uranium 0.0012 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 9:00:07 PM A44014

SM2340B: HARDNESS Analyst: pmf
Hardness (As CaCO3) 520 6.6 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 R44011

EPA METHOD 180.1: TURBIDITY Analyst: KS
Turbidity ND 0.50 NTU 1 6/23/2017 5:06:00 PM R43764

EPA METHOD 300.0: ANIONS Analyst: MRA
Fluoride 0.31 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 2:51:34 PM R43801
Chloride 180 10 mg/L 20 6/23/2017 3:03:59 PM R43801
Nitrogen, Nitrite (As N) 0.57 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 2:51:34 PM R43801
Nitrogen, Nitrate (As N) 0.23 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 2:51:34 PM R43801
Phosphorus, Orthophosphate (As P) ND 0.50 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 2:51:34 PM R43801
Sulfate 420 10 * mg/L 20 6/23/2017 3:03:59 PM R43801

SM2320B: ALKALINITY Analyst: JRR
Bicarbonate (As CaCO3) 394.8 20.00 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/27/2017 11:49:45 PM R43848
Carbonate (As CaCO3) ND 2.000 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/27/2017 11:49:45 PM R43848
Total Alkalinity (as CaCO3) 394.8 20.00 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/27/2017 11:49:45 PM R43848

SM2540C MOD: TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS Analyst: KS
Total Dissolved Solids 1310 20.0 * mg/L 1 6/26/2017 1:05:00 PM 32469

SM4500-H+B: PH Analyst: JRR
pH 8.02 H pH units 1 6/27/2017 11:49:45 PM R43848

EPA METHOD 200.7: DISSOLVED METALS Analyst: pmf
Iron ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:17:50 PM A44011
Manganese ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:17:50 PM A44011
Silica 15 1.7 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 8:19:43 PM A44011

EPA METHOD 200.7: METALS Analyst: pmf
Aluminum ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Barium 0.062 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Beryllium ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Cadmium ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 5 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported: 7/20/2017

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: HB-20170622
Project: St. Michaels School Collection Date: 6/22/2017 11:30:00 AM
Lab ID: 1706C83-003 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 6/22/2017 4:38:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA METHOD 200.7: METALS Analyst: pmf
Calcium 120 10 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 6:35:32 PM A44011
Chromium ND 0.0060 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Iron ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Magnesium 55 1.0 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Manganese ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Potassium 3.8 1.0 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Silver ND 0.0050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Sodium 240 10 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 6:35:32 PM A44011
Strontium ND 0.010 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Vanadium ND 0.050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011
Zinc 0.035 0.010 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:33:40 PM A44011

EPA METHOD 245.1: MERCURY Analyst: MED
Mercury ND 0.00020 mg/L 1 7/3/2017 12:55:06 PM 32605

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 6 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported: 7/20/2017

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: DIST-20170622
Project: St. Michaels School Collection Date: 6/22/2017 12:00:00 PM
Lab ID: 1706C83-004 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 6/22/2017 4:38:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Antimony ND 0.0010 mg/L 1 7/6/2017 6:10:40 PM A44048
Arsenic ND 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/5/2017 9:15:32 PM A44014
Copper 0.0012 0.0010 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 9:10:24 PM A44014
Lead 0.00071 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 9:10:24 PM A44014
Selenium ND 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/5/2017 9:15:32 PM A44014
Thallium ND 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 9:10:24 PM A44014
Uranium 0.0012 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 9:10:24 PM A44014

SM2340B: HARDNESS Analyst: pmf
Hardness (As CaCO3) 530 6.6 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 R44011

EPA METHOD 180.1: TURBIDITY Analyst: KS
Turbidity ND 0.50 NTU 1 6/23/2017 5:06:00 PM R43764

EPA METHOD 300.0: ANIONS Analyst: MRA
Fluoride 0.31 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 3:16:23 PM R43801
Chloride 190 10 mg/L 20 6/23/2017 3:28:48 PM R43801
Nitrogen, Nitrite (As N) 0.39 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 3:16:23 PM R43801
Nitrogen, Nitrate (As N) 0.37 0.10 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 3:16:23 PM R43801
Phosphorus, Orthophosphate (As P) ND 0.50 mg/L 1 6/23/2017 3:16:23 PM R43801
Sulfate 410 10 * mg/L 20 6/23/2017 3:28:48 PM R43801

SM2320B: ALKALINITY Analyst: JRR
Bicarbonate (As CaCO3) 387.8 20.00 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/28/2017 12:06:09 AM R43848
Carbonate (As CaCO3) ND 2.000 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/28/2017 12:06:09 AM R43848
Total Alkalinity (as CaCO3) 387.8 20.00 mg/L CaCO3 1 6/28/2017 12:06:09 AM R43848

SM2540C MOD: TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS Analyst: KS
Total Dissolved Solids 1310 20.0 * mg/L 1 6/26/2017 1:05:00 PM 32469

SM4500-H+B: PH Analyst: JRR
pH 8.05 H pH units 1 6/28/2017 12:06:09 AM R43848

EPA METHOD 200.7: DISSOLVED METALS Analyst: pmf
Iron ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:21:49 PM A44011
Manganese ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 8:21:49 PM A44011
Silica 15 1.7 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 8:23:44 PM A44011

EPA METHOD 200.7: METALS Analyst: pmf
Aluminum ND 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Barium 0.061 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Beryllium ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Cadmium ND 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 7 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported: 7/20/2017

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: DIST-20170622
Project: St. Michaels School Collection Date: 6/22/2017 12:00:00 PM
Lab ID: 1706C83-004 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 6/22/2017 4:38:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA METHOD 200.7: METALS Analyst: pmf
Calcium 120 10 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 6:39:32 PM A44011
Chromium ND 0.0060 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Iron 0.057 0.020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Magnesium 55 1.0 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Manganese 0.034 0.0020 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Potassium 3.8 1.0 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Silver ND 0.0050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Sodium 250 10 mg/L 10 7/5/2017 6:39:32 PM A44011
Strontium ND 0.010 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Vanadium ND 0.050 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011
Zinc 0.044 0.010 mg/L 1 7/5/2017 6:37:39 PM A44011

EPA METHOD 245.1: MERCURY Analyst: MED
Mercury ND 0.00020 mg/L 1 7/3/2017 12:57:02 PM 32605

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 8 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID MB-A SampType: MBLK TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Metals
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: A44011 RunNo: 44011
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/5/2017 SeqNo: 1387942 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Aluminum ND 0.020
Barium ND 0.0020
Beryllium ND 0.0020
Cadmium ND 0.0020
Calcium ND 1.0
Chromium ND 0.0060
Iron ND 0.020
Magnesium ND 1.0
Manganese ND 0.0020
Potassium ND 1.0
Silica ND 0.17
Silver ND 0.0050
Sodium ND 1.0
Strontium ND 0.010
Vanadium ND 0.050
Zinc ND 0.010

Sample ID LCSLL-A SampType: LCSLL TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Metals
Client ID: BatchQC Batch ID: A44011 RunNo: 44011
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/5/2017 SeqNo: 1387943 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Aluminum ND 0.020 0.01000 0 108 50 150
Barium 0.0022 0.0020 0.002000 0 112 50 150
Beryllium ND 0.0020 0.002000 0 91.0 50 150
Cadmium 0.0021 0.0020 0.002000 0 105 50 150
Calcium ND 1.0 0.5000 0 104 50 150
Chromium ND 0.0060 0.006000 0 92.0 50 150
Iron 0.029 0.020 0.02000 0 144 50 150
Magnesium ND 1.0 0.5000 0 104 50 150
Manganese ND 0.0020 0.002000 0 97.5 50 150
Potassium ND 1.0 0.5000 0 97.1 50 150
Silica ND 0.17 0.1712 0 97.3 50 150
Silver ND 0.0050 0.005000 0 95.0 50 150
Sodium ND 1.0 0.5000 0 98.2 50 150
Strontium ND 0.010 0.005000 0 98.4 50 150
Vanadium ND 0.050 0.01000 0 86.9 50 150
Zinc ND 0.010 0.005000 0 110 50 150

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 9 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID LCS-A SampType: LCS TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Metals
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: A44011 RunNo: 44011
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/5/2017 SeqNo: 1387944 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Aluminum 0.53 0.020 0.5000 0 106 85 115
Barium 0.46 0.0020 0.5000 0 91.3 85 115
Beryllium 0.46 0.0020 0.5000 0 92.1 85 115
Cadmium 0.47 0.0020 0.5000 0 93.3 85 115
Calcium 48 1.0 50.00 0 95.8 85 115
Chromium 0.46 0.0060 0.5000 0 92.7 85 115
Iron 0.46 0.020 0.5000 0 92.3 85 115
Magnesium 49 1.0 50.00 0 97.8 85 115
Manganese 0.45 0.0020 0.5000 0 89.2 85 115
Potassium 47 1.0 50.00 0 93.9 85 115
Silica 5.2 0.17 5.350 0 96.9 85 115
Silver 0.095 0.0050 0.1000 0 95.4 85 115
Sodium 49 1.0 50.00 0 97.0 85 115
Strontium 0.091 0.010 0.1000 0 90.6 85 115
Vanadium 0.47 0.050 0.5000 0 93.5 85 115
Zinc 0.44 0.010 0.5000 0 87.5 85 115

Sample ID MB-A SampType: MBLK TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Metals
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: A44045 RunNo: 44045
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/7/2017 SeqNo: 1390238 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Silica ND 0.17

Sample ID LCSLL-A SampType: LCSLL TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Metals
Client ID: BatchQC Batch ID: A44045 RunNo: 44045
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/7/2017 SeqNo: 1390239 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Silica 0.18 0.17 0.1712 0 107 50 150

Sample ID LCS-A SampType: LCS TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Metals
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: A44045 RunNo: 44045
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/7/2017 SeqNo: 1390240 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Silica 5.3 0.17 5.350 0 98.8 85 115

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 10 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID 1706C83-001CMS SampType: MS TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Dissolved Metals
Client ID: IND#195-20170622 Batch ID: A44011 RunNo: 44011
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/5/2017 SeqNo: 1387838 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Iron 0.47 0.020 0.5000 0 93.3 70 130
Manganese 0.45 0.0020 0.5000 0.001440 88.8 70 130

Sample ID 1706C83-001CMSD SampType: MSD TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Dissolved Metals
Client ID: IND#195-20170622 Batch ID: A44011 RunNo: 44011
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/5/2017 SeqNo: 1387839 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Iron 0.47 0.020 0.5000 0 94.2 70 130 1.01 20
Manganese 0.45 0.0020 0.5000 0.001440 90.3 70 130 1.68 20

Sample ID 1706C83-001CMS SampType: MS TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Dissolved Metals
Client ID: IND#195-20170622 Batch ID: A44045 RunNo: 44045
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/7/2017 SeqNo: 1390113 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Silica 43 0.86 26.75 14.65 105 70 130

Sample ID 1706C83-001CMSD SampType: MSD TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Dissolved Metals
Client ID: IND#195-20170622 Batch ID: A44045 RunNo: 44045
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/7/2017 SeqNo: 1390114 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Silica 42 0.86 26.75 14.65 103 70 130 1.28 20

Sample ID MB-A SampType: MBLK TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Dissolved Metals
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: A44045 RunNo: 44045
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/7/2017 SeqNo: 1390232 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Silica ND 0.17

Sample ID LCSLL-A SampType: LCSLL TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Dissolved Metals
Client ID: BatchQC Batch ID: A44045 RunNo: 44045
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/7/2017 SeqNo: 1390233 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Silica 0.18 0.17 0.1712 0 107 50 150

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 11 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID LCS-A SampType: LCS TestCode: EPA Method 200.7: Dissolved Metals
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: A44045 RunNo: 44045
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/7/2017 SeqNo: 1390234 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Silica 5.3 0.17 5.350 0 98.8 85 115

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 12 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID LCS SampType: LCS TestCode: EPA 200.8: Metals
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: A44014 RunNo: 44014
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/5/2017 SeqNo: 1387883 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Arsenic 0.023 0.0010 0.02500 0 90.2 85 115
Copper 0.022 0.0010 0.02500 0 88.4 85 115
Lead 0.011 0.00050 0.01250 0 89.9 85 115
Selenium 0.023 0.0010 0.02500 0 91.9 85 115
Thallium 0.011 0.00050 0.01250 0 90.2 85 115
Uranium 0.011 0.00050 0.01250 0 90.3 85 115

Sample ID LLLCS SampType: LCSLL TestCode: EPA 200.8: Metals
Client ID: BatchQC Batch ID: A44014 RunNo: 44014
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/5/2017 SeqNo: 1387885 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Arsenic ND 0.0010 0.001000 0 91.3 50 150
Copper 0.0012 0.0010 0.001000 0 118 50 150
Lead ND 0.00050 0.0005000 0 92.1 50 150
Selenium ND 0.0010 0.001000 0 84.4 50 150
Thallium ND 0.00050 0.0005000 0 92.2 50 150
Uranium ND 0.00050 0.0005000 0 93.2 50 150

Sample ID MB SampType: MBLK TestCode: EPA 200.8: Metals
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: A44014 RunNo: 44014
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/5/2017 SeqNo: 1387888 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Arsenic ND 0.0010
Copper ND 0.0010
Lead ND 0.00050
Selenium ND 0.0010
Thallium ND 0.00050
Uranium ND 0.00050

Sample ID LCS SampType: LCS TestCode: EPA 200.8: Metals
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: A44048 RunNo: 44048
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/6/2017 SeqNo: 1389364 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Antimony 0.023 0.0010 0.02500 0 93.8 85 115

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 13 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID LLLCS SampType: LCSLL TestCode: EPA 200.8: Metals
Client ID: BatchQC Batch ID: A44048 RunNo: 44048
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/6/2017 SeqNo: 1389366 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Antimony ND 0.0010 0.001000 0 86.5 50 150

Sample ID MB SampType: MBLK TestCode: EPA 200.8: Metals
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: A44048 RunNo: 44048
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 7/6/2017 SeqNo: 1389369 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Antimony ND 0.0010

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 14 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID MB-32605 SampType: MBLK TestCode: EPA Method 245.1: Mercury
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: 32605 RunNo: 43969
Prep Date: 7/3/2017 Analysis Date: 7/3/2017 SeqNo: 1386083 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Mercury ND 0.00020

Sample ID LCS-32605 SampType: LCS TestCode: EPA Method 245.1: Mercury
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: 32605 RunNo: 43969
Prep Date: 7/3/2017 Analysis Date: 7/3/2017 SeqNo: 1386084 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Mercury 0.0048 0.00020 0.005000 0 95.6 80 120

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 15 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID MB SampType: MBLK TestCode: EPA Method 300.0: Anions
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: R43801 RunNo: 43801
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/23/2017 SeqNo: 1379754 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Fluoride ND 0.10
Chloride ND 0.50
Nitrogen, Nitrite (As N) ND 0.10
Nitrogen, Nitrate (As N) ND 0.10
Phosphorus, Orthophosphate (As P ND 0.50
Sulfate ND 0.50

Sample ID LCS SampType: LCS TestCode: EPA Method 300.0: Anions
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: R43801 RunNo: 43801
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/23/2017 SeqNo: 1379755 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Fluoride 0.50 0.10 0.5000 0 99.1 90 110
Chloride 4.5 0.50 5.000 0 90.3 90 110
Nitrogen, Nitrite (As N) 0.91 0.10 1.000 0 91.0 90 110
Nitrogen, Nitrate (As N) 2.3 0.10 2.500 0 93.2 90 110
Phosphorus, Orthophosphate (As P 4.6 0.50 5.000 0 91.9 90 110
Sulfate 9.0 0.50 10.00 0 90.4 90 110

Sample ID 1706C83-001AMS SampType: MS TestCode: EPA Method 300.0: Anions
Client ID: IND#195-20170622 Batch ID: R43801 RunNo: 43801
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/23/2017 SeqNo: 1379767 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Fluoride 0.75 0.10 0.5000 0.3169 87.2 68.4 112
Nitrogen, Nitrite (As N) 1.1 0.10 1.000 0 110 78.6 103 S
Nitrogen, Nitrate (As N) 2.7 0.10 2.500 0.4879 87.4 85.6 113
Phosphorus, Orthophosphate (As P 4.0 0.50 5.000 0.4140 72.0 68.2 116

Sample ID 1706C83-001AMSD SampType: MSD TestCode: EPA Method 300.0: Anions
Client ID: IND#195-20170622 Batch ID: R43801 RunNo: 43801
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/23/2017 SeqNo: 1379768 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Fluoride 0.76 0.10 0.5000 0.3169 87.9 68.4 112 0.475 20
Nitrogen, Nitrite (As N) 1.1 0.10 1.000 0 110 78.6 103 0.251 20 S
Nitrogen, Nitrate (As N) 2.7 0.10 2.500 0.4879 87.5 85.6 113 0.108 20
Phosphorus, Orthophosphate (As P 4.0 0.50 5.000 0.4140 72.4 68.2 116 0.526 20

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 16 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID mb-1 SampType: mblk TestCode: SM2320B: Alkalinity
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: R43848 RunNo: 43848
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/27/2017 SeqNo: 1381995 Units: mg/L CaCO3

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Total Alkalinity (as CaCO3) ND 20.00

Sample ID lcs-1 SampType: lcs TestCode: SM2320B: Alkalinity
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: R43848 RunNo: 43848
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/27/2017 SeqNo: 1381996 Units: mg/L CaCO3

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Total Alkalinity (as CaCO3) 78.92 20.00 80.00 0 98.6 90 110

Sample ID mb-2 SampType: mblk TestCode: SM2320B: Alkalinity
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: R43848 RunNo: 43848
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/27/2017 SeqNo: 1382019 Units: mg/L CaCO3

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Total Alkalinity (as CaCO3) ND 20.00

Sample ID lcs-2 SampType: lcs TestCode: SM2320B: Alkalinity
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: R43848 RunNo: 43848
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/27/2017 SeqNo: 1382020 Units: mg/L CaCO3

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Total Alkalinity (as CaCO3) 79.20 20.00 80.00 0 99.0 90 110

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 17 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID MB-32469 SampType: MBLK TestCode: SM2540C MOD: Total Dissolved Solids
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: 32469 RunNo: 43788
Prep Date: 6/24/2017 Analysis Date: 6/26/2017 SeqNo: 1379337 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Total Dissolved Solids ND 20.0

Sample ID LCS-32469 SampType: LCS TestCode: SM2540C MOD: Total Dissolved Solids
Client ID: LCSW Batch ID: 32469 RunNo: 43788
Prep Date: 6/24/2017 Analysis Date: 6/26/2017 SeqNo: 1379338 Units: mg/L

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Total Dissolved Solids 989 20.0 1000 0 98.9 80 120

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 18 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
QC SUMMARY REPORT WO#: 1706C83
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. 20-Jul-17

Client: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc.
Project: St. Michaels School

Sample ID MB SampType: MBLK TestCode: EPA Method 180.1: Turbidity
Client ID: PBW Batch ID: R43764 RunNo: 43764
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/23/2017 SeqNo: 1378547 Units: NTU

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Turbidity ND 0.50

Sample ID 1706C83-001ADUP SampType: DUP TestCode: EPA Method 180.1: Turbidity
Client ID: IND#195-20170622 Batch ID: R43764 RunNo: 43764
Prep Date: Analysis Date: 6/23/2017 SeqNo: 1378549 Units: NTU

Analyte Result PQL SPK value SPK Ref Val %REC LowLimit HighLimit %RPD RPDLimit Qual
Turbidity ND 0.50 200 20 R

Qualifiers:
* Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits Page 19 of 19
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL1-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 6:10:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-001 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 1.0 0.050 mg/L 50 7/26/2017 6:20:08 PM E44531
Lead 0.0048 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 1:27:23 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 1 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL2-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 6:12:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-002 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.91 0.050 mg/L 50 7/26/2017 6:28:25 PM E44531
Lead 0.025 0.0025 * mg/L 5 7/26/2017 6:22:54 PM E44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 2 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL3-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 6:20:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-003 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.73 0.020 mg/L 20 7/26/2017 6:31:10 PM E44531
Lead 0.0098 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 1:38:25 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 3 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL4-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 6:25:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-004 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.65 0.020 mg/L 20 7/26/2017 6:33:56 PM E44531
Lead 0.0013 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 1:46:47 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 4 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL5-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 6:35:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-005 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.23 0.010 mg/L 10 7/26/2017 6:42:18 PM E44531
Lead 0.0036 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 1:49:32 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 5 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL6-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 6:40:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-006 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.44 0.020 mg/L 20 7/26/2017 6:45:03 PM E44531
Lead 0.025 0.00050 * mg/L 1 7/26/2017 1:52:18 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 6 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL7-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 6:42:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-007 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 2.0 0.050 * mg/L 50 7/26/2017 6:47:48 PM E44531
Lead 0.0063 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 1:55:04 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 7 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL8-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 6:45:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-008 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 1.2 0.050 mg/L 50 7/26/2017 6:58:51 PM E44531
Lead 0.056 0.0025 * mg/L 5 7/26/2017 6:50:33 PM E44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 8 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL9-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 6:54:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-009 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 5.5 0.20 * mg/L 200 7/26/2017 7:01:37 PM E44531
Lead 0.0022 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:00:36 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 9 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL10-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 7:00:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-010 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 4.3 0.20 * mg/L 200 7/26/2017 7:04:22 PM E44531
Lead 0.0029 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:03:22 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 10 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL11-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 7:07:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-011 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 1.1 0.050 mg/L 50 7/26/2017 7:07:08 PM E44531
Lead 0.0013 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:06:08 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 11 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL12-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 7:12:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-012 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 4.3 0.20 * mg/L 200 7/26/2017 7:15:30 PM E44531
Lead 0.011 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:11:39 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 12 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL13-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 7:15:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-013 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 1.0 0.050 mg/L 50 7/26/2017 7:18:15 PM E44531
Lead 0.015 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:20:00 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 13 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL14-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 7:25:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-014 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 3.8 0.10 * mg/L 100 7/26/2017 7:21:00 PM E44531
Lead 0.0014 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:22:45 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 14 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL15-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 7:33:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-015 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 3.5 0.10 * mg/L 100 7/26/2017 7:23:46 PM E44531
Lead 0.0016 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:25:31 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 15 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL16-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 8:17:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-016 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.11 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/26/2017 7:26:30 PM E44531
Lead 0.00073 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:28:16 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 16 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL17-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 8:33:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-017 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.12 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/26/2017 7:29:15 PM E44531
Lead 0.0014 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:31:02 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 17 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL18-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 8:51:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-018 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.28 0.010 mg/L 10 7/26/2017 7:32:01 PM E44531
Lead 0.0017 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:33:48 PM A44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 18 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL19-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 8:55:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-019 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.15 0.0050 mg/L 5 7/26/2017 6:24:38 PM C44543
Lead 0.0014 0.00050 mg/L 1 7/26/2017 2:44:53 PM B44531

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 19 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL20-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 9:15:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-020 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.78 0.050 mg/L 50 7/26/2017 6:30:45 PM C44543
Lead 0.031 0.0025 * mg/L 5 7/26/2017 6:27:41 PM C44543

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 20 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL21-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 9:28:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-021 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.23 0.010 mg/L 10 7/26/2017 6:39:59 PM C44543
Lead 0.019 0.0050 * mg/L 10 7/26/2017 6:39:59 PM C44543

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 21 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL22-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 9:32:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-022 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.81 0.050 mg/L 50 7/26/2017 6:46:06 PM C44543
Lead 0.039 0.0025 * mg/L 5 7/26/2017 6:43:03 PM C44543

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 22 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL23-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 9:37:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-023 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 0.55 0.050 mg/L 50 7/26/2017 6:52:13 PM C44543
Lead 0.0072 0.0025 mg/L 5 7/26/2017 6:49:10 PM C44543

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 23 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Analytical Report
Lab Order 1707A45
Hall Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Inc. Date Reported:

CLIENT: Daniel B. Stephens & Assoc. Client Sample ID: SL24-20170719
Project: St Michaels School WQ Collection Date: 7/19/2017 9:41:00 AM
Lab ID: 1707A45-024 Matrix: AQUEOUS Received Date: 7/19/2017 2:45:00 PM

Analyses Result PQL Qual Units DF Date Analyzed Batch

EPA 200.8: METALS Analyst: JLF
Copper 1.3 0.050 * mg/L 50 7/26/2017 7:04:27 PM C44543
Lead ND 0.0025 mg/L 5 7/26/2017 6:55:17 PM C44543

Refer to the QC Summary report and sample login checklist for flagged QC data and preservation information.
Qualifiers: * Value exceeds Maximum Contaminant Level. B Analyte detected in the associated Method Blank
D Sample Diluted Due to Matrix E Value above quantitation range
H Holding times for preparation or analysis exceeded J Analyte detected below quantitation limits
Page 24 of 0
ND Not Detected at the Reporting Limit P Sample pH Not In Range
PQL Practical Quanitative Limit RL Reporting Detection Limit
S % Recovery outside of range due to dilution or matrix W Sample container temperature is out of limit as specified
Appendix C

Point of Use Treatment
You’ll
Taste the
Difference
Designed to solve a wide variety

of water quality issues, Nelsen

reverse-osmosis drinking

water systems provide you

with compact, affordable and

effective solutions for achieving
the best possible quality drinking

water for your home.

An innovative leader in water

treatment since 1954, Nelsen

assures you the highest quality

and reliability in the industry.

Nelsen Water Treatment systems

are sold, installed and serviced by

independently owned and operated

Nelsen Dealers nationwide.
Is Your
Tap Water
Safe?
Is your tap water safe to drink? Well, nearly all
U.S. municipalities meet water quality and safety
standards set by the federal government. However,
these Primary Drinking Water Standards represent
only minimum requirements. And while tests to verify
compliance are conducted at the treatment plants,
pollutants may enter your tap water as it courses through the miles of pipe on its way to your home.

Then there’s the question of taste. Just because the tap water is safe
to drink, doesn’t mean it tastes good or looks fresh. Only high-quality
filtration ensures delicious water for both drinking and cooking.

This means you must either:
- Buy specially filtered bottled water. This high-cost option
requires transporting bottles or scheduling deliveries.
- Attach a filter to your faucet. While this will rid water of many
of the contaminants, it may not be able to handle them all.
- Install a home water treatment system under your sink.
This option delivers the purity of bottled water with a greater
convenience than a faucet-mounted system.

With Nelsen Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water Systems,
great tasting water is now as close as your kitchen tap.
So is your peace of mind - knowing that
you’re providing your family with the
best quality water right at home for drinking, cooking,
ice and coffee making, baby-formula,
pet feeding, dietary/medical uses,
and precious plants watering.
Water in its
Purest Sense
Nelsen reverse-osmosis drinking water systems
significantly reduce unwanted substances
bigger than 0.0001” such as carcinogens, heavy
metal ions such as cadmium, chromium, lead and mercury; chlorine,
cryptosporidium, salts, turbidity, nitrate, VOC’s, organic compounds,
dissolved solids, tastes and odors leaving only clean, great tasting water.

How does the
Process Work
Reverse osmosis is the same process
used by most major bottled water
suppliers. With a Nelsen Reverse
Osmosis Drinking Water System, you can have the same highest-quality water available from your own
faucet for a fraction of the cost of bottled water.

Just how does the reverse osmosis process work? During the process, water is forced through a
semi-permeable membrane that traps contaminants. These contaminants are then flushed out of the
system and down the drain, leaving your drinking water clean and fresh.

POST-FILTER
– (Activated Carbon) Final polish to remove any
objectional tastes and odors from storage STAGE 5
tank prior to water consumption or use.

RO MEMBRANE
STAGE 4
– Thin Film Composite design. Rejects
98% of the dissolved metals and salts,
plus other harmful contaminants.
PRE-FILTER (sediment)
– Removes sediment, rust, dirt and other
solid debris.
PRE-FILTER (carbon block)
– Removes chlorine and protects the
RO membrane.
 econd Carbon Pre-Filter
S
(5-Stage RO only)
– Additional activated carbon
pre-treatment filter.
STAGE 3
STAGE 2
STAGE 1
NRO4-50 (4-Stage) NRO5-50 (5-Stage)

Included with the 4-Stage RO system: RO Unit, 3.2 Gallon The 5-Stage RO system includes all the features of the
Storage Tank, 50 gpd Membrane, Storage Tank Shut-off 4-Stage RO system with an additional third sump and a
Ball Valve, Feed Water Saddle Valve, Drain Saddle Valve, GAC (Granular Activated Carbon) cartridge.
Faucet Package, Filter Housing Wrench, 1/4" Tubing, 5
Micron Sediment Cartridge, Carbon Block Cartridge.

Feed Water Guidelines Sepcifications
Maximum TDS 2,000 ppm Production 50 gals. per day
Iron, max 0.3 ppm Storage tank 3.2 Gallon Tank
Hardness, (less than) 15 gpg Membrane Thin Film Composite (50 gpd)
Hydrogen sulfide 0.0 ppm Sediment pre-filter 5 Micron Polypropylene
Manganese, (less than) 0.05 ppm Carbon pre-filter Solid Block Carbon
Turbidity, (less than) 1 NTU 2nd Carbon pre-filter Granular Activated
Pressure, min. / max, psi 30 / 100 (5-Stage only) Carbon Cartridge
Temperature, range (F) 40° / 100° Carbon post filter Inline Granular
pH 3-11 Activated Carbon
Note: Pretreatment suggested if conditions exceed parameters. Faucet Long Reach
Fittings Compression
* Measured at Industry standard condition of 60 psi, 77° F,
Maintenance & Warranty 500 ppm T.D.S.

Pre and Post Filters - Recommended change every six
months for regular usage, or once a year in light usage. Distributed by
RO Membrane - Change recommended based on
periodic TDS rejection tests. Typical is every two years.
Warranty - Components are warranted for one
year from installation, excluding membrane, pre &
post filters.
Caution: Do not use where water is microbiologically
unsafe or with water of unknown quality without
adequate disinfection before or after the unit. System
must be maintained according to manufacturer’s
instructions.

©Nelsen Corporation Part No. NRO-LIT
Water Filtration System
Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Owner’s Manual and
System Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3–4 Installation Instructions
GXK285JBL
Installation Instructions . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Cold Water Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Control Valve Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Mounting the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Filter Change Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Filter Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Sistema de
Flush Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
filtración de agua
Troubleshooting Tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Manual del propietario
Consumer Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 y instalación

System tested and certified by NSF
international against NSF/ANSI Standards
42, 53, and 401 for the reduction of claims
specified on the Performance Data Sheet and
at www.nsf.org.

49-50306 09-15 GE
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION.
GE Appliances website
For more information on operation, visit www.GEAppliances.com or call 800.452.5039 in US or 866.779.7627 in Canada.
SAFETY INFORMATION
This is the safety alert symbol. This symbol alerts you to potential hazards that can kill or hurt you and others. All safety mes-
sages will follow the safety alert symbol and the word “DANGER”, “WARNING”, or “CAUTION”. These words are defined as:

DANGER Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
To reduce the risk of fire, explosion, electric shock, or injury when using your system follow
WARNING these basic safety precautions:
„ To reduce the risk associated with choking, do not allow children „ To reduce the risk associated with hazardous voltage due to an
under 3 years of age to have access to small parts during the installer drilling through existing electric wiring or water pipes
installation of this product. in the area of installation, do not install near electric wiring or
„ To reduce the risk associated with the ingestion of piping which may be in path of a drilling tool when selecting the
contaminants, do not use with water that is microbiologically position to mount the system bracket.
unsafe or of unknown quality without adequate disinfection „ If this device is not maintained and operated as specified in the
before or after the system. owner’s manual, there is a risk of exposure to contaminants. For
more information, visit the manufacturer’s internet website at
www.geappliances.com or the California State Water Resources
Control Boards’ internet website at www.waterboards.ca.gov.

CAUTION To reduce the risk of injury when using your system follow these basic safety precautions.
„ To reduce the risk of physical injury, depressurize system as
shown in manual prior to cartridge removal.

NOTICE: „ Where a backflow prevention device is installed on a water
system, a device for controlling pressure due to thermal
„ Read and follow Use Instructions before installation and use of expansion must be installed.
this system. „ Do not install where water hammer conditions may occur.
„ Installation and use MUST comply with all state and local If water hammer conditions exist you must install a water
plumbing codes. hammer arrester. Contact a plumbing professional if you are
uncertain how to check for this condition.
„ Do not use on a hot water supply (100°F max.). Install on a cold
water line only. „ Ensure all tubing and fittings are secure and free of leaks.
„ Protect from freezing, remove filter cartridge when temperatures „ On plastic fittings, never use pipe sealant or pipe dope. Use PTFE
are expected to drop below 35° F (1.7° C). thread tape only as pipe dope may deteriorate the plastic.
„ Do not install if water pressure exceeds 125psi (8.8 Kg/cm2). „ Do not use a torch or other high temperature sources near
If your water pressure exceeds 80 psi (5.6 Kg/cm2), you must system, cartridges, plastic fittings or plastic plumbing.
install a pressure limiting valve. Contact a plumbing professional „ Do not install in direct sunlight or outdoors.
if you are uncertain how to check your water pressure. „ Do not install near water pipes which will be in path of a drilling
„ Do not install systems in areas where ambient temperatures tool when selecting the position to mount the bracket.
may go above 110° F (43.3° C). „ Mount system in such a position as to prevent it from being
„ The disposable filter cartridge should be replaced every 6 struck by other items used in the area of installation.
months, at the rated capacity or sooner if a noticeable reduction „ Ensure that the location and fasteners will support the weight of
in flow rate occurs. the system when installed and full of water.

READ AND FOLLOW THIS SAFETY INFORMATION CAREFULLY.
2 SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
How it works.
This system allows you to choose between filtered and unfiltered water from your existing kitchen faucet. The system
consists of a control valve, timer, and filters. The existing water line is split into two lines. One line passes through the
filtration system to the control valve. The other line connects directly to the control valve.

When the control valve is pointing away from your kitchen faucet, normal unfiltered water is dispensed.

When the control valve is pointing toward your kitchen faucet, filtered water is dispensed.

You will notice a slightly slower flow of water when filtered water is being dispensed.

The base of the control valve will flash red when its time to change filters and batteries. When it double flashes, 6
months have passed and its time to replace the filters. When it flashes a single fading flash, 1 year has passed and it is
time to replace the filters and the timer batteries.

Right Hand Installation:
Control Valve
NOTE: Make sure “F” faces toward you during installation

Existing Faucet Wire
Cold Water line
4’ Blue Tube
3’ Yellow Tube Timer
3’ Orange Tube
Cold Water Line
Adapter
4’ Yellow Tube
T-Fitting
Yellow Tube
Angle Stop Inlet Outlet
Valve Adapter

Filter System

Left Hand Installation: Control Valve
NOTE: Make sure “F” faces toward you during installation
Existing Faucet Cold
Water line
Wire
Cold Water Line
3’ Orange Adapter
Timer
4’ Blue Tube
Tube 3’ Yellow Tube
T-Fitting
Yellow Tube

Inlet Outlet Angle Stop
Valve Adapter

4’ Yellow Tube
Filter
System

Specifications Guidelines.
Many bad tastes and/or odors are reduced in water using activated carbon filter canisters. They are most often used to
reduce chlorine taste and odor. They can also reduce other undesirable elements from drinking water supplies.
NOTE: Small amounts of hydrogen sulfide (noticeable as “rotten egg” odor) may be reduced by taste and odor filters for
a short time, but the carbon media is quickly exhausted. Other water conditioning equipment is usually required for the
continuous treatment of hydrogen sulfide. 3
Installation Kitchen Faucet Filtration System –
Instructions GXK285JBL

BEFORE YOU BEGIN COLD WATER CONNECTION
Read these instructions completely and carefully. A typical connection using the included water
• IMPORTANT – Save these instructions supply fitting is shown in the illustration below.
for local inspector’s use. 1. Close the water shut-off valve that is immediately
• IMPORTANT – Check with your local in front of the supply tube and open the faucets
to drain water from the sink cold water pipe.
public works department for plumbing codes. You
must follow their guides as you install the Water 2. Remove line that connects the cold water from
Filtration system. faucet line to the supply valve. Some water may
• Note to Installer – Be sure to leave these spill out.
instructions with the Consumer.
• Note to Consumer – Keep these instructions 1 foot Yellow
3/8” Tube
for future reference.
• Skill level – Installation of this appliance requires
basic mechanical and electrical skills. Angle Stop
Valve Adapter
• Completion time – 60-90 minutes
• Proper installation is the responsibility of the
installer.
Existing Cold
• Product failure due to improper installation is not Water Valve
covered under the Warranty. (Approximately 8
threads minimum)

WARNING ³ Read “Important Safety Fig. 1

Information” on page 2 before beginning installation.
T-Fitting

TOOLS AND MATERIALS REQUIRED
FOR INSTALLATION
• Phillips screwdriver
• Two (2) adjustable wrenches Cold Water Shutoff
• Electric drill and drill bit to drill 1.25” hole (type as 3. Hand tighten the angle stop valve adapter onto
required) if mounting hole is needed for control valve the cold water valve. NOTE: A minimum of
• Tape measure approximately 8 threads is required on valve
• If your main water line is a rigid pipe, you will require stem. Finish tightening 1/2 turn with adjustable
a compression fitting and possibly other plumbing wrench. Be careful not to overtighten or cross-
hardware to complete the installation (sold separately). thread as damage to threads can occur.
127,&(³ To avoid damaging the sink or countertop,
Some valve threads may be exposed when adapter
consult a qualified plumber or installer for drilling
is fully seated.
procedures. Special drill bits may be needed for granite,
stone, porcelain or stainless steel. 4. Insert one foot long yellow tube fully into angle stop
valve adapter. Pull firmly on tube to make sure it is
secure.
CONTENTS INCLUDED 5. Insert one foot long yellow tube into bottom of
WITH THE PRODUCT T-fitting (see Figure 1). Insert 3 foot long yellow tube
into one side of T-fitting. Insert 4 foot long yellow
• Water filter system • Control Valve with LED
tube into other side of T-fitting. Pull firmly on tubes
assembly, including Lights
to make sure they are secure.
mounting screws • Decorative Knob and Nut
• Water line adapters • Timer Box
and tubing • Batteries
4
Installation Instructions
6. Hand tighten the cold water line adapter into the INSTALL THE CONTROL VALVE
cold water line from the faucet. (continues)
Finish tightening with two adjustable wrenches.
Be careful not to overtighten or cross thread as CAUTION: When drilling in Stainless Steel,
damage to threads can occur. Some threads may edges may be sharp and could damage wire. Be
be exposed when adatper is fully seated. careful to not cut yourself or damage the wire.
2. To have filtered water dispensed from kitchen
Existing Cold faucet when control valve is pointed toward
Water Line
from Kitchen faucet connect tubes as follows:
Faucet NOTE: Refer to diagram on page 3 for tube
routing.
IF CONTROL VALVE IS ON RIGHT SIDE OF FAUCET:
Cold Water - Connect 4 foot long blue tube to port number “2”.
Line Adapter Fig. 2
- Connect 3 foot long yellow tube from T-fitting to
port number “1”.
3 foot Orange
Tubing - Connect 3 foot long orange tube to port “F”
(bottom port)
7. Insert 3 foot orange tubing fully into cold water Pull firmly on all tubes to make sure they are secure.
line adapter. Pull firmly on tube to make sure it is IF CONTROL VALVE IS ON LEFT SIDE OF FAUCET:
secure. - Connect 4 foot long blue tube to port number “1”.
- Connect 3 foot long yellow tube from T-fitting to
port number “2”.
INSTALL THE CONTROL VALVE - Connect 3 foot long orange tube to port “F”
(bottom port)
Be sure there is room underneath and above the Pull firmly on all tubes to make sure they are secure.
sink to make the needed connections. Before
starting, make sure there is sufficient room for the
valve base. Select one of the following places to
install the valve (1.25” diameter hole required):
Blue or Yellow
A. In an existing sink spray attachment or soap Tube (see above)
dispenser hole.
B. In a hole to be drilled in the sink top.
C. In a hole to be drilled in the countertop, next
to the sink.
NOTES:
• Be sure the valve base will fit flat against the
surface at the selected location. Orange Tube
Blue or Yellow
Installation Steps (refer to illustration below Tube (see above)
for clarification)
1. If drilling is needed, make a 1.25s diameter hole.
Be sure to use the proper procedure for drilling
granite, stone, porcelain or stainless steel.
Special drill bits may be needed. Consult a
qualified plumber for the proper procedure.

5
Installation Instructions

INSTALL THE CONTROL VALVE INSTALL THE CONTROL VALVE
(continues) (continues)
3. With wire routed under rubber gasket and 7. Insert control knob into valve body.
locking nut (as shown below) thread nut at least NOTE: Knob only inserts in one position, rotate
3/4 toward bottom. slowly until you feel it drop slightly into place.
Then push down firmly to snap in place.
8. Check knob rotation. Knob should rotate 180
Rubber Gasket degrees and point towards you as it rotates left/
right. If point of knob rotates towards wall, then
Locking Nut
unit is installed backwards. Please review step 2.
9. Connect wire to timer box.
10. Find suitable location for timer box and battery
access. Mount timer box to side of wall or
cabinet with two screws (and drywall anchor)
Wire provided. NOTE: Be careful not to pinch or
screw through the wire.

4. With “F” port label facing toward you (wire 11. Install two AA, 1.5 volt, batteries into timer box.
groove facing back of cabinet) insert control
valve up through hole in sink/countertop.
5. Install 2nd rubber gasket on the control valve.
Insert decorative nut on top of control valve
turning fully until it stops, approximately two
turns of nut. Do not overtighten.
6. Turn locking nut clockwise to tighten until
it is firmly secure against underside of sink/
countertop. Do not allow control valve body
to rotate, “F” port label should face toward you
after locking nut is tight.

Control Knob

Decorative Nut
Rubber Gasket

Rubber Gasket
Locking Nut
Wire

NOTE:
“F” facing toward you.

6
Installation Instructions

MOUNTING SYSTEM INSTALLATION
Pick a location under the sink to mount the system. Location should be easily accessible, with 4” of clearance
between the bottom of the filter canisters and the floor or bottom of the cabinet; any less will result in difficulty of
removing filter canisters (see Fig. 5). Allow enough space on either side of the system for the tubing connections.
System should be mounted at least 7” from front of cabinet to allow proper routing of tubing.
SCREW INSTALLATION
1. Remove the top cover of system. System
Top Cover
2. Screws should be placed a minimum of 15 inches above the bottom
of the cabinet or floor where the system is to be mounted (Fig. 5).
NOTE: Any distance lower may result in filter canisters interfering
with the floor when removed.
3. Use the system as a template to mark screw hole locations where
the screws are to be installed. Install screws into the wall, leaving
3/16 inch clearance between the head of the screw and wall (drill
pilot holes if needed) (Fig. 6). Use anchors if mounting to drywall.
Anchors require a 1/4” hole.
4. Hang system on screws and tighten until system is held firmly.
5. Install top cover onto system.
6. Install 4 foot long yellow tube into inlet (left side) of system (inlet and outlet are labeled on top of the system).
7. Install 4 foot long blue tube into outlet (right side) of system. Pull firmly on tubes to make sure they are secure.

3/16 inch

Screws

Wall
15 inches
Screw

Fig. 6

Fig. 5

8. Remove shrink wrap from filters and install in system by turning approximately 1/3 turn until locked into place.
Filter will raise up as it is turned. Filter label will be centered and facing forward when fully installed.
NOTE: System may exhibit low flow or no flow at all if the filter is not fully installed.
9. Turn on water supply valve and check for leaks.
10. Perform Flush Procedure as described on page 8, steps 3-7.

7
Installation Instructions

FILTER CHANGE LIGHT EMERGENCY REPLACEMENT
The clear ring at the bottom of the control knob will PROCEDURE
flash red to indicate it is time to change the filter and Whenever water of unknown quality is passed through
the battery. the GE Water Filtration system, the filter canisters
The ring will double flash at six months to indicate it is should be discarded and the filtration system flushed.
time to replace the filter.
The ring will have a single fading flash at one year WARNING: To reduce risk of ingestion
to indicate it is time to replace the filters and the of contaminants, do not use with water that is
batteries. microbiologically unsafe or of unknown quality without
adequate disinfection before or after the system.
INSTALLING OR REPLACING THE FILTER Circumstances that may require replacing the filters
CANISTERS are:
TO PROPERLY MAINTAIN SYSTEM AND REDUCE • Boil water advisory
THE RISK OF PROPERTY DAMAGE DUE TO WATER • Flooding of the GE Water Filtration system
LEAKAGE, CHANGING FILTER AS REQUIRED.
• Long-term non-use
If installing the system for the first time skip to step 3.
The procedure for flushing the GE Water Filtration
1. Remove the filter canisters from the manifold by system is:
rotating the canisters to the left about 1/3 turn.
NOTE: A small amount of water from the tubing 1. See Replacing the Filter Canisters section and follow
between the filter and the faucet may come out. A steps 1–7.
small towel should be able to catch it.
2. Remove shrink wrap on the new replacement filter
canisters. Install the new canisters into the manifold
by turning to the right about 1/3 turn until the filter
stops. The filter will rise up as it is turned.
FLUSH PROCEDURE
3. Turn on cold side of kitchen faucet. Turn control
valve so it is pointing towards kitchen faucet (water
will flow slower when passing through filters).
NOTE: System may make noise during this procedure.
4. Check for water leaks around the system.
5. Allow the system to run for 11 gallons (or 10
minutes) to flush out any harmless carbon fines that
may be present.
6. Turn off faucet and check around system for leaks.
7. Reset timer by holding reset button on timer box for
5 seconds. Ring in base of control valve will light
for 5 seconds. If single fading flash was occurring,
replace batteries before resetting the timer.
Replacement Filter Canisters/
Estimated Replacement Costs
)4.-³5HSODFHPHQWILOWHUFDQLVWHU²
For replacement parts, call toll-free 800.626.2002
(U.S.) or 800.663.6060 (Canada–English).

8
Troubleshooting Tips
Problem Possible Causes What To Do
Water contains tiny black particles New filter canisters contain • Turn on the filtered water faucet and allow to run for 11 gallons
activated carbon. (or 10 minutes) to flush out any harmless carbon fines that may
be present.
Water has air bubbles and is cloudy Air in system after installation. • Will go away after water runs for a while.
Indicator light on the control valve is Six months usage has • If double flash, replace filters.
flashing occurred. This is the maximum • If single fading flash, replace filters and batteries.
life of the filter canisters.
Indicator light on the control valve is Normal operation. • Does not blink until 6 months of operation has passed.
not blinking • Normally the light is not on. The light blinks every 20 seconds
to indicate a filter change is needed. This occurs about every 6
months.
Battery may need to be • Replace battery and press reset button for 5 seconds. Indicator
replaced. will light to indicate proper installation and operation. Timer is
reset for 6 months.
Indicator light on the control valve Battery may have been • Observe battery orientation markings on the holder.
is not working when new battery is installed incorrectly or wire • Ensure wire is connected from control valve to timer box.
installed not connected. • Press reset button for 5 seconds to reset timer, indicator will light
and timer is reset for 6 months..
Chlorine taste and odor in the product The filter canisters are no • Replace the filter canisters.
water longer reducing chlorine taste
and odor from the water
supply.
Water dispenses very slowly The filters have been installed • A six-month change-out period is recommended. Replace both
for too long. filter canisters.
The filter canisters have • High sediment levels can cause premature clogging. Replace
become clogged. both filter canisters.
Filter not installed fully • Ensure filter is fully installed, label should be centered and facing
forward.
Fittings are leaking Tubing may not be installed • Fully follow the installation instructions and be sure the tubing is
properly. free of nicks, burrs, etc., and is installed to the proper depth.
No water dispensing from system Filter canisters not fully • Fully follow the filter replacement instructions.
installed.

If you are still having trouble, please call us at 800.952.5039 in the USA or 866.777.7627 in Canada.

9
Parts List.
Ref. No. Part No. Part Description
001 WS22X21084 Install Kit 1
004
002 WS15X21085 Timer 1
003 WS10X21083 Control Valve Assembly (Chrome) 1
004 WS19X21082 Filtration Manifold 1
005 FQK2J Filter Set 1
999 49-50306 Owner’s Manual 1
To obtain replacement parts, call toll-free 800.626.2002 (U.S.),
800.663.6060 (Canada–English).
005

003

001

002
999

10
Warranty.
LIMITED ONE-YEAR WARRANTY
• What does this warranty cover? • How do I make a warranty claim?
³$Q\GHIHFWLQPDWHULDOVRUZRUNPDQVKLSLQWKH ³5HWXUQWRWKHUHWDLOHUIURPZKLFKLWZDVSXUFKDVHG
manufactured product. along with a copy of the “Proof of Purchase.” A new or
• What does this warranty not cover? reconditioned unit will be provided. This warranty excludes
the cost of shipping or service calls to your home.
³)LOWHUFDQLVWHUVDQGEDWWHULHVDIWHUGD\VIURPGDWHRI
purchase.
³6HUYLFHWULSVWR\RXUKRPHWRWHDFK\RXKRZWRXVHWKH (;&/86,212),03/,(':$55$17,(6³<RXUVROHDQG
product. exclusive remedy is product exchange as provided in this
Limited Warranty. Any implied warranties, including the
³,PSURSHULQVWDOODWLRQGHOLYHU\RUPDLQWHQDQFH implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a
³)DLOXUHRIWKHSURGXFWLILWLVDEXVHGPLVXVHGDOWHUHGXVHG particular purpose, are limited to one year or the shortest
commercially or used for other than the intended purpose. period allowed by law.
³8VHRIWKLVSURGXFWZKHUHZDWHULVPLFURELRORJLFDOO\XQVDIH
or of unknown quality, without adequate disinfection
before or after the system. This warranty is extended to the original purchaser and any
succeeding owner for products purchased for home or office
³'DPDJHWRWKHSURGXFWFDXVHGE\DFFLGHQWILUHIORRGVRU use within the USA. In Alaska, the warranty excludes the cost
acts of God. of shipping or service to your home or office.
³ Incidental or consequential damage caused by possible
defects with this appliance, its installation or repair. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages. This warranty gives
• For how long after the original purchase? you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights,
³2QH  \HDU which vary from state to state. To know what your legal rights
are, consult your local or state consumer affairs office or your
state’s Attorney General.
Contact us at GEAppliances.com, or call toll-free at
800.952.5039 in the U.S., or 866.777.7627 in Canada.

11
Consumer Support.
GE Appliances Website GEAppliances.com
Have a question or need assistance with your appliance? Try the GE Appliances Website 24 hours a day, any day of the year!
For greater convenience and faster service, you can now download Owner’s Manuals or order parts on-line.

Real Life Design Studio GEAppliances.com
*(VXSSRUWVWKH8QLYHUVDO'HVLJQFRQFHSW³SURGXFWVVHUYLFHVDQGHQYLURQPHQWVWKDWFDQEHXVHGE\SHRSOHRIDOODJHVVL]HV
and capabilities. We recognize the need to design for a wide range of physical and mental abilities and impairments. For details
of GE’s Universal Design applications, including kitchen design ideas for people with disabilities, check out our Website today.
For the hearing impaired, please call 800.TDD.GEAC (800.833.4322).

Parts and Accessories GEAppliances.com
Individuals qualified to service their own appliances can have parts or accessories sent directly to their homes (VISA, MasterCard and
Discover cards are accepted). Order on-line today, 24 hours every day or by phone at 800.626.2002 during normal business hours.
Instructions contained in this manual cover procedures to be performed by any user. Other servicing generally should be
referred to qualified service personnel. Caution must be exercised, since improper servicing may cause unsafe operation.

Contact Us GEAppliances.com
If you are not satisfied with the service you receive from GE, contact us on our Website with all the details including your phone
number, or write to: General Manager, Customer Relations
GE Appliances, Appliance Park
Louisville, KY 40225

Register Your Appliance GEAppliances.com
5HJLVWHU\RXUQHZDSSOLDQFHRQOLQH³DW\RXUFRQYHQLHQFH7LPHO\SURGXFWUHJLVWUDWLRQZLOODOORZIRUHQKDQFHGFRPPXQLFDWLRQDQG
prompt service under the terms of your warranty, should the need arise.

Printed in Taiwan
La sección en Español.
Instrucciones de seguridad . . . . . . . . 2
Generalidades del sistema . . . . . . . . 3-4
Instrucciones
de instalación . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Suministro del agua. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Instale la válvula de control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Instalación del sistema de montaje . . . . . . 7
Cambio del filtro de luz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Reposición del filtro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Procedimiento para lavar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Consejos para la solución
de problemas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Soporte al
consumidor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

Sistema evaluado y certificado por NSF
International contra los Estándares 42, 53
y 401 de NSF/ANSI para la reducción de
reclamos especificados en la Ficha Técnica
de Rendimiento y en www.nsf.org.

1
INFORMACIÓN IMPORTANTE DE SEGURIDAD.
Sitio Web de Electrodomésticos de GE
Para más información sobre el funcionamiento, visite www.GEAppliances.com o comuníquese al 800.452.5039 en EE.UU. o al
866.779.7627 en Canadá.
INFORMACIÓN DE SEGURIDAD
Éste es el símbolo de alerta de seguridad. El mismo alerta sobre potenciales riesgos de muerte o lesiones tanto para usted con para
otras personas. Todos los mensajes de seguridad estarán a continuación del símbolo de alerta de seguridad y con la palabra “PELIGRO”,
“ADVERTENCIA” o “PRECAUCIÓN”. Estas palabras se definen como:
PELIGRO Indica una situación de riesgo que, si no se evita, podría resultar en la muerte o en lesiones graves.
ADVERTENCIA Indica una situación de riesgo que, si no se evita, podría resultar en la muerte o en lesiones graves.
PRECAUCIÓN Indica una situación de riesgo que, si no se evita, podría resultar en lesiones menores o moderadas.

INSTRUCCIONES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURIDAD
A fin de reducir el riesgo de incendio, explosión, descargas eléctricas o lesiones al usar su
ADVERTENCIA
refrigerador, siga estas precauciones básicas de seguridad:
„ A fin de reducir el riesgo asociado con descargas, no permita tuberías que se puedan interponer con una herramienta de
que los niños menores de tres años tengan acceso a las partes perforación al seleccionar la posición para montar el soporte del
pequeñas durante la instalación de este producto. sistema..
„ A fin de reducir el riesgo asociado con la ingestión de „ Si este dispositivo no es mantenido y operado de acuerdo con
contaminantes, no use con agua que no sea segura a nivel lo especificado en el manual del propietario, existe el riesgo de
microbacteriológico o de calidad desconocida, sin una exposición a contaminantes. Para más información, visite el
desinfección adecuada, antes o después, del sistema. sitio Web del fabricante en www.geappliances.com o el sitio
„ A fin de reducir el riesgo asociado con el peligro de voltaje Web de California State Water Resources Control Board (Junta
debido a una perforación durante una instalación a través de de Control de los Recursos del Agua del Estado de California) en
un cableado eléctrico existente o tubería de agua en el área www.waterboards.ca.gov.
de la instalación, no instale cerca de cableados eléctricos ni

PRECAUCIÓN $¿QGHUHGXFLUHOULHVJRGHOHVLRQHVDOXVDUHOUHIULJHUDGRUVLJDHVWDVSUHFDXFLRQHVEiVLFDV
„ A fin de reducir el riesgo de lesión física, despresurice el sistema
como se muestra en el manual antes de retirar un cartucho.

ADVERTIR: ariete. Si existen condiciones de golpe de ariete, deberá instalar
„ Lea y siga las Instrucciones de Uso antes de la instalación y uso un suspensor de golpes de ariete. Si no está seguro sobre
de este sistema. cómo controlar esta condición, comuníquese con un plomero
„ La instalación y uso DEBERÁN cumplir con todos los códigos de profesional..
plomería estatales y locales. „ Esegúrese de que toda la tubería y los accesorios estén seguros
„ No use en un suministro de agua caliente (máximo de 100°F). y libres de pérdidas.
Instale en un suministro de agua fría únicamente. „ Sobre los accesorios de plástico, nunca use sellador para
„ No instale en líneas de suministro de agua caliente. La tuberías ni pegamento para tuberías. Use sólo cinta para roscas
temperatura máxima de funcionamiento del agua para este PTFE, ya que el pegamento para tuberías podría deteriorar el
sistema de filtro es de 100°F (37.8°C). plástico.
„ No se deberá instalar si la presión del agua supera los 125psi „ No use una antorcha u otras fuentes de alta temperatura
(8.8 Kg/cm2). Si la presión del agua es superior a los 80 psi (5.6 cerca del sistema, del cartucho, de los accesorios de plástico o
Kg/cm2), deberá instalar una válvula limitadora de presión. tuberías de plástico.
Si no está seguro sobre cómo controlar la presión del agua, „ No instale en contacto directo con la luz del sol ni en áreas
comuníquese con un plomero profesional. exteriores..
„ No instale sistemas en áreas donde la temperatura ambiente „ No instale cerca de tuberías de agua que puedan interponerse
pueda ser superior a 110° F (43.3° C). en el camino de una herramienta para perforar, al seleccionar la
„ El cartucho del filtro descartable debería ser reemplazado cada posición para montar el soporte.
6 meses, una vez agotada la capacidad indicada o antes si se „ Monte el sistema en una posición donde se pueda evitar que
produce una reducción notoria en el caudal. quede atascado por otros artículos usados en el área de la
„ Cuando haya instalado un dispositivo anti retorno en el sistema instalación.
de agua, se deberá instalar un dispositivo para controlar la „ Asegúrese de que la ubicación y los sujetadores puedan resistir
presión debido a la expansión termal.. el peso del sistema cuando esté instalado y lleno de agua
„ No instale cuando se puedan producir condiciones de golpe de

LEA Y SIGA ESTA INFORMACIÓN DE SEGURIDAD CUIDADOSAMENTE.
2 GUARDE ESTAS INSTRUCCIONES
Cómo funciona.
Este sistema le permite elegir entre agua filtrada y no filtrada del grifo actual de su cocina. El sistema consta de una
válvula de control, un temporizador y filtros. La tubería de agua existente está dividida en dos tuberías. Una pasa a
través del sistema de filtrado hasta la válvula de control. La otra tubería se conecta directamente a la válvula de control.

Cuando la válvula de control está apuntando hacia fuera del grifo de su cocina, se dispensa agua normal no filtrada.

Cuando la válvula de control está apuntando hacia el grifo de su cocina, se dispensa agua filtrada.

Observará un flujo de agua levemente inferior cuando se esté dispensando agua filtrada.

La base de la válvula de control titilará en rojo cuando sea el momento de cambiar los filtros y baterías. Cuando la luz
que titila es doble, significa que pasaron 6 meses y que es necesario reemplazar los filtros. Cuando titila sólo una vez y la
luz se desvanece, significa que pasó 1 año y que es necesario reemplazar los filtros y las baterías del temporizador.

Instalación del Lado Derecho: Válvula de Control
NOTA: Asegúrese de que “F” mire hacia usted durante la instalación.

Tubería de Agua Cable
Fría del Grifo Actual
Tubería Azul de 4’
Tubería Amarilla de 3’ Temporizador
Tubería
Adaptador de la Anaranjada de 3’
Tubería de Agua Fría
Conector T
Tubería Amarilla
Adaptador Tubería
Amarilla de 4’ Inlet Outlet
para Válvula
de Detención
en Ángulo
Sistema
de Filtrado

Válvula de Control
Instalación del Lado Izquierdo:
NOTA: Asegúrese de que “F” mire hacia usted durante la instalación.
Tubería de Agua Fría del
Grifo Actual
Cable
Adaptador de la
Tubería Tubería de Agua Fría
Temporizador Tubería Anaranjada
Amarilla de 3’ Tubería Amarilla de 3’
de 4’ Conector T
Tubería Amarilla
Adaptador
Inlet Outlet para Válvula de
Detención en Ángulo

Tubería Azul de 4’

Sistema
de
Filtrado

Pautas de las especificaciones.
Se pueden reducir muchos malos olores y/o sabores del agua usando cartuchos de carbono para el filtro. Se usan
principalmente para reducir el olor y sabor a cloro. También pueden reducir otros elementos no deseados del suministro
de agua.
NOTA: Se pueden reducir por poco tiempo pequeñas cantidades de sulfuro de hidrógeno como el olor a “huevo podrido”
usando filtros de olor y sabor, pero el medio de carbono se agota rápidamente. Por lo general, se requieren otros equipos
acondicionadores de agua para el tratamiento continuo del sulfuro de hidrógeno. 3
Instrucciones Sistema de Filtrado del Grifo de la Cocina –
de instalación GXK285JBL

ANTES DE INICIAR ACCESORIO PARA EL SUMINISTRO
Lea estas instrucciones completa y cuidadosamente. DE AGUA FRÍA
• IMPORTANTE – Guarde estas En la ilustración que aparece a continuación
instrucciones para uso del inspector local. se muestra una conexión típica usando el accesorio para el
• IMPORTANTE – Consulte con su
suministro de agua incluido.
1. Cierre la válvula de agua que se encuentra
departamento local de obras públicas para los códigos
de plomería. Usted debe seguir estas pautas a medida inmediatamente en frente del tubo de suministro y
que instala el sistema de filtración de agua. abra los grifos para dejar correr el agua de
la tubería de agua fría del lavaplatos.
• Nota al instalador – Asegúrese de dejar estas 2. Retire la entrada que conecta el agua fría desde la
instrucciones con el consumidor. tubería de agua a la válvula de suministro. Es posible que
• Nota al consumidor – Conserve estas se derrame un poco de agua.
instrucciones para referencia futura.
Tubería de 3/8”
• Nivel de destreza – La instalación de este aparato Amarilla de 1 Pie
requiere de destrezas mecánicas básicas.
• Tiempo de ejecución – 60-90 minutos
Adaptador
• La instalación apropiada es la responsabilidad del para Válvula de
instalador. Detención en Ángulo
• La falla del producto debido a una instalación
inadecuada no está cubierta por la garantía.
Válvula de Agua
Fría Existente
(mínimo de 8 roscas
ADVERTENCIA ³ Leer “ Información
en el vástago de la
válvula)
importante de seguridad “ en la página 2 antes de comenzar
la instalación Fig. 1

HERRAMIENTAS Y MATERIALES Tubería T
NECESARIOS PARA LA INSTALACIÓN
• Destornillador de estrella
• Dos (2) llaves ajustables
• Taladro eléctrico y broca para el taladro para perforar
un orificio de 1-1/2s (del tipo necesario) para el grifo, si Cierre de Agua Fría
necesario
• Cinta métrica 3. Ajuste manualmente el adaptador de la válvula de
• Si su línea de agua principal es de tubería rígida, usted detención en ángulo sobre la válvula de agua fría.
necesitará un accesorio de compresión y posiblemente NOTA: Se requiere un mínimo de 8 roscas en el
alguna otra herramienta de plomería para completar la vástago de la válvula. Termine de ajustar dando ½
instalación (se vende por separado). giro con una llave de ajuste. Asegúrese de no forzar ni
1RWLFH³ Para evitar daños al lavaplatos o mostrador, presionar por demás a fin de evitar dañar la rosca.
consulte con un plomero o instalador calificado para los Es posible que las roscas de algunas válvulas queden
procedimientos de perforación. Podrían necesitarse brocas expuestas cuando el adaptador esté completamente
especiales para granito, piedra, porcelana o acero colocado.
inoxidable.
4. Inserte la tubería amarilla de un pie completamente en
el adaptador de la válvula de detención. Empuje hacia
usted de manera firme para controlar que esté segura.
CONTENIDO INCLUIDO CON 5. Inserte la tubería amarilla de un pie de longitud en la
EL PRODUCTO parte inferior del conector T (vea la Figura 1). Inserte una
• Ensambladura del sistema • Válvula de Control con Luces tubería amarilla de 3 pies de longitud sobre un lado de
de filtración de agua, LED la tubería T. Inserte una tubería amarilla de 4 pies de
incluyendo los tornillos de • Perilla y Tuerca Decorativa longitud sobre el otro lado de la tubería T. Empuje las
instalación • Caja del Temporizador tuberías hacia usted de manera firme para controlar que
• Adaptadores y tuberías del • Baterías estén seguras.
suministro de agua
4
Instrucciones de instalación
6. Ajuste de forma manual el adaptador de la tubería de INSTALE LA VÁLVULA DE CONTROL
agua fría en la tubería de agua fría desde el grifo.
Termine de colocar con dos llaves de ajuste. Asegúrese
(continúa)
de no forzar ni presionar por demás a fin de evitar
dañar la rosca. Es posible que las roscas de algunas PRECAUCIÓN: Al perforar sobre acero
válvulas queden expuestas cuando el adaptador esté inoxidable, es posible que los extremos sean filosos y
completamente colocado. esto podría dañar el cable. Sea cuidadoso a fin de no
sufrir un corte ni dañar el cable.
Tubería de Agua 2. A fin de contar con agua filtrada que sea dispensada
Fría Actual desde desde el grifo de la cocina cuando la válvula de
el Grifo de la control apunte hacia el grifo, conecte las tuberías de
Cocina
la siguiente manera:
NOTA: Para conocer el recorrido del tubo,
consulte el diagrama de la página 3.
Adaptador de la SI LA VÁLVULA DE CONTROL SE ENCUENTRA DEL LADO
Tubería de Agua Fig. 2
Fría DERECHO DEL GRIFO:
- Conecte la tubería azul de 4 pies de longitud en el
Tubería Anaranjada puerto número “2”.
de 3 pies - Conecte la tubería amarilla de 3 pies de longitud desde
el conector T al puerto número “1”.
7. Inserte la tubería anaranjada de 3 pies completamente - Conecte la tubería anaranjada de 3 pies de longitud al
en el adaptador de la tubería de agua fría. Empuje hacia puerto “F” (puerto inferior).
usted de manera firme para controlar que esté segura.
Empuje todas las tuberías hacia usted de manera firme
para controlar que estén seguras.
SI LA VÁLVULA DE CONTROL SE ENCUENTRA DEL LADO
IZQUIERDO DEL GRIFO:
INSTALE LA VÁLVULA DE CONTROL - Conecte la tubería azul de 4 pies de longitud en el
Asegúrese de que haya lugar debajo y arriba del puerto número “1”.
lavabo a fin de realizar las conexiones necesarias. - Conecte la tubería amarilla de 3 pies de longitud desde
Antes de comenzar, asegúrese de que haya el conector T al puerto número “2”.
suficiente espacio para la base de la válvula. - Conecte la tubería anaranjada de 3 pies de longitud al
Seleccione uno de los siguientes lugares para puerto “F” (puerto inferior).
instalar la válvula (se requiere un agujero de un Empuje todas las tuberías hacia usted de manera firme
diámetro de 1.25”): para controlar que estén seguras.
A. En un orificio accesorio rociador existente en el
lavaplatos u orificio de dispensador de jabón.
B. En un orificio a perforar en la parte superior del
lavaplatos.
C. En un orificio a perforar en el mostrador, al lado
del lavaplatos. Tubería Azul o
Amarilla
NOTAS: (ver más arriba)
• Asegúrese de que la base de la válvula se
ajuste de forma plana contra la superficie en la
ubicación seleccionada.
Pasos para la instalación (ver ilustración de
abajo para mayor clarificación)
1. Si es necesario perforar, haga un orificio de
1.25s de diámetro. Cerciórese de utilizar el Tubería Azul o Tubería Anaranjada
procedimiento correcto para perforar porcelana Amarilla
(ver más arriba)
o acero inoxidable. Podría necesitar brocas
adicionales. Consulte a un plomero calificado
para el procedimiento correcto.

5
Instrucciones de instalación

INSTALE LA VÁLVULA DE CONTROL INSTALE LA VÁLVULA DE CONTROL
(continúa) (continúa)
3. Con el cable conducido debajo de la junta de 7. Inserte la perilla de control en el cuerpo de la
goma y la tuerca de bloqueo (como se muestra válvula.
a continuación), enrosque la tuerca por lo menos NOTA: La perilla sólo se inserta en una
¾ hacia abajo. posición; gire lentamente hasta que sienta que
está levemente colocada en su posición. Luego
empuje hacia abajo de manera firma para
Junta de Goma
ajustarla en su posición.

Tuerca de Bloqueo
8. Controle la rotación de la perilla. La perilla
debe rotar 180 grados y apuntar hacia usted
a medida que rota hacia la izquierda/ derecha.
Si la punta de la perilla rota hacia la pared,
entonces la unidad está instalada hacia atrás.
Vuelva a consultar el paso 2.
Cable
9. Conecte el cable a la caja del temporizador.

4. Con el puerto “F” hacia usted (con la ranura por 10. Busque una ubicación conveniente para tener
donde pasa el cable hacia la parte trasera del acceso a la caja del temporizador y la batería.
gabinete), inserte la válvula de control hacia Monte la caja del temporizador en el costado
arriba a través del agujero del lavabo/ mesada. de la pared o del gabinete con los dos tornillos
(y el taco de anclaje) provistos. NOTA: Tenga
5. Instale la 2da junta de goma en la válvula de cuidado de no pellizcar ni atornillar a través
control. Inserte la tuerca decorativa sobre la del cable.
válvula de control girando completamente la
misma hasta que se detenga, aproximadamente 11. Instale dos baterías AA, 1.5 voltios en la caja del
dos giros de tuerca. No ajuste en exceso. temporizador.

6. Ajuste la tuerca de bloqueo en dirección de las
agujas del reloj a fin de ajustar la misma hasta
que quede ajustada de manera firme contra el
lado inferior del lavabo/ mesada. No permita
que el cuerpo de la válvula de control gire; la
etiqueta del puerto “F” debe mirar hacia usted
luego de haber ajustado la tuerca de bloqueo.
Perilla de Control

Tuerca Decorativa Junta de
Goma

Junta de Goma
Anillo de Bloqueo
Cable

NOTA:
“F” mira hacia usted.

6
Instrucciones de instalación

INSTALACIÓN DEL SISTEMA DE MONTAJE
Elija una ubicación debajo del lavabo para montar el sistema. La ubicación debe ser de fácil acceso, con un espacio de 4”
entre la parte inferior de los cartuchos de los filtros y el piso o la parte inferior del gabinete; menos espacio dificultará el retiro
de los cartuchos de los filtros (vea la Fig. 5). Deje suficiente espacio sobre cualquiera de los lados del sistema de conexión de
las tuberías. El sistema debe ser montado por lo menos a 7” desde el frente del gabinete, a fin de permitir que la tubería sea
conducida de forma apropiada.
INSTALACIÓN DE LOS TORNILLOS
Tapa Superior
1. Retire la tapa superior del sistema. del Sistema
2. Los tornillos deben ser colocados a por lo menos 15 pulgadas sobre la
parte inferior del gabinete o del piso donde el sistema será montado (Fig. 5).
NOTA: Cualquier distancia inferior podrá hacer que los cartuchos de los
filtros interfieran con el piso cuando sean retirados.
3. Use el sistema como plantilla para marcar las ubicaciones de los agujeros
donde los tornillos serán instalados.
Instale los tornillos en la pared, dejando un espacio de 3/16 pulgadas entre
la cabeza del tornillo y la pared (perfore agujeros piloto si es necesario)
(Fig. 6). Use anclajes si se montarán en un taco. Los anclajes requieren un
agujero de ¼”.
4. Sostenga el sistema sobre tornillos y ajuste hasta que el sistema quede firme.
5. Instale la tapa superior sobre el sistema.
6. Instale una tubería amarilla de 4 pies de longitud hasta la entrada (la entrada y salida están etiquetadas en la parte superior
del sistema).
7. Instale una tubería azul de 4 pies de longitud (lado derecho) del sistema. Empuje las tuberías hacia usted de manera firme para
controlar que estén seguras.

3/16
pulgadas

tornillos

pared
15
pulgadas tornillo

Fig. 6

Fig. 5

8. Retire el film transparente de los filtros e instale los mismos en el sistema dando aproximadamente 1/3 de giro hasta que se
bloquee en su posición. El filtro se elevará al ser girado. La etiqueta del filtro estará centrada y enfrentada hacia delante una
vez completa la instalación.
NOTA: Es posible que el sistema cuente con un flujo bajo o que no tenga flujo en absoluto si el filtro no está
completamente instalado.
9. Active la válvula de suministro de agua y controle que no haya pérdidas.
10. Realice el Proceso de Descarga como se describe en la página 8, pasos 3 a 7.

7
Instrucciones de instalación

CAMBIO DEL FILTRO DE LUZ PROCEDIMIENTO DE REEMPLAZO DE
El anillo de limpieza en la parte inferior de la perilla de EMERGENCIA
control titilará para indicar que es hora de cambiar el filtro y Cada vez que agua de calidad desconocida es
la batería.
pasada a través del sistema de filtración de agua GE,
El anillo titilará de forma doble a los seis meses para indicar los cartuchos de los filtros deberían ser deshechados
que es hora de reemplazar el filtro. y el sistema de filtración lavado.
El anillo titilará una vez de manera tenue al año para indicar
que es hora de reemplazar los filtros y las baterías. ADVERTENCIA: Para reducir el riesgo
INSTALACIÓN O REEMPLAZO DE LOS de ingestión de contaminantes, no lo utilice con agua
no segura desde el punto de vista microbiológico o de
CARTUCHOS DEL FILTRO calidad desconocida sin una adecuada desinfección
PARA UN MANTENIMIENTO ADECUADO DEL SISTEMA antes o después de la instalación. Los sistemas
Y PARA REDUCIR EL RIESGO DE DAÑOS SOBRE LA certificados para reducción de quistes pueden usarse
PROPIEDAD DEBIDO A PÉRDIDAS DE AGUA, CAMBIE con agua desinfectada que puede contener quistes
EL FILTRO SEGÚN SEA REQUERIDO. filtrables.
Si va a instalar el sistema por primera vez, vaya al paso 3. Las circunstancias que pueden requerir el
1. Retire los cartuchos de los filtros del recolector girando reemplazo de los filtros son:
los cartuchos hacia la izquierda 1/3 de giro. (Fig. 11).
NOTA: Podría salir una pequeña cantidad de agua de la
• Advertencia de que hay que hervir el agua
tubería entre el filtro y el grifo, la cual se puede absorber • Inundación del sistema de filtración de agua GE
con una toalla pequeña. • Largo tiempo sin ser usado
2. Retire el aluminio de la parte superior de los cartuchos de El procedimiento para lavar el sistema de filtración
repuestos. Instale los nuevos cartuchos en el recolector
girándolos hacia la derecha alrededor de 1/3 de giro
de agua GE es:
hasta que las marcas de alineación queden en línea y el 1. Vea la sección Cómo reemplazar los cartuchos de
filtro pare. El filtro podría levantarse a medida que se gira. los filtros y siga los pasos 1–7.
PROCEDIMIENTO PARA LAVAR
3. Active el lado frío del grifo de la cocina. Gire la válvula de
control de modo que apunte hacia el grifo de la cocina
(el flujo de agua será menor al pasar a través de los
filtros).
NOTA: Es posible que el sistema haga ruido durante este
procedimiento.
4. Busque fugas de agua alrededor del sistema.
5. Una vez que el agua empiece a fluir del grifo, deje que
el sistema opere por 11 galones (o 10 minutos) para
expulsar cualquier traza de carbono que pueda estar
presente.
6. Cierre el grifo y revise alrededor del sistema en busca de
fugas.
7. Reinicie el temporizador sosteniendo el botón de reinicio
de la caja del temporizador durante 5 segundos. El anillo
en la base de la válvula de control se iluminará durante 5
segundos. Si la luz está titilando una sola vez de manera
tenue, reemplace las baterías antes de reiniciar el
temporizador.
Repuestos de los cartuchos de los filtros/
Costos estimados de reposición
FQK2J³5HSXHVWRGHOFDUWXFKRGHOILOWUR
Para repuestos, llame gratis al 800.626.2002 (EE.UU.).

8
Antes de solicitar un servicio…
Solucionar problemas
¡Ahorre tiempo y dinero! Revise la siguiente tabla primero y tal vez no necesitará de solicitar un servicio.

Problema Posibles causas Qué hacer
El agua contiene pequeñas Los nuevos cartuchos de los filtros • Active el grifo de agua filtrada y deje que corran 11 galones (o 10
partículas negras contienen carbono activado minutos) para eliminar cualquier polvo fino inofensivo que pueda
estar presente.
El agua tiene burbujas de Hay aire en el sistema después de la • Desaparecerá después de que el agua corra por un tiempo.
aire y está turbia instalación.
La luz indicadora de la Han transcurrido seis meses de • Si titila dos veces, reemplace los filtros.
válvula de control está uso. Esta es la vida máxima de los • Si titila una vez de forma tenue, reemplace los filtros y las baterías.
titilando cartuchos de los filtros.
La luz indicadora de la Esto es normal. • No parpadea hasta que 6 meses de operación han transcurrido.
válvula de control no está • Normalmente la luz no está encendida. La luz se enciende cada
titilando 20 segundos para indicar que es necesario cambiar el filtro. Esto
ocurre cada seis meses.
Es posible que la batería necesite • Reemplace la batería y presione el botón de reinicio durante 5
reemplazo. segundos. El indicador se iluminará a fin de indicar una instalación
y funcionamiento adecuados. El temporizador fue reiniciado por 6
meses.
La luz indicadora de la Es posible que la batería haya sido • Observe las marcas de orientación de la batería en el suspensor.‘
válvula de control no está instalada de forma incorrecta o que el • Asegúrese de que el cable esté conectado desde la válvula de
funcionando cuando una cable no esté conectado. control hasta la caja del temporizador.
nueva batería fue instalada • Presione el botón de reinicio durante 5 segundos para reiniciar
el temporizador; el indicador se iluminará y el temporizador será
reiniciado por 6 meses.
Olor y sabor a cloro en el El cartucho del filtro ya no está • Reemplace los cartuchos de los filtros.
agua producida reduciendo el sabor y olor a cloro del
suministro de agua.
El agua se dispensa muy El filtro ha estado instalado por mucho • Se recomienda un periodo de cambio de seis meses. Reemplace
lentamente tiempo. los cartuchos de los filtros.
Los cartuchos de los filtros están • Altos niveles de sedimento pueden causar una obstrucción
obstruidos. prematura. Reemplace los cartuchos de los filtros.
Filtro no se instala totalmente • Asegúrese de que el filtro esté completamente instalado; la
etiqueta debe quedar centrada y enfrentada hacia delante.
Los accesorios Es posible que la tubería • Siga las instrucciones de instalación en su totalidad y asegúrese
tienen fugas no esté instalada correctamente. que la tubería
no posea rasguños, rebabas, etc. y que esté instalada a una
profundidad adecuada.
No sale agua del sistema Los cartuchos de los filtros no están • Siga completamente las instrucciones para reemplazo.
instalados completamentes.

Para más información sobre el funcionamiento, visite www.GEAppliances.com o comuníquese al 800.452.5039 en
EE.UU. o al 866.779.7627 en Canadá.

9
LISTA DE PARTES.
Ref. No. PARTE NO. DESCRIPCION DE LA PARTE
001 WS22X21084 Instale el Juego 1
004
002 WS15X21085 Temporizador 1
003 WS10X21083 Conjunto de válvula de control
(Cromo) 1
004 WS19X21082 Colector de Filtración 1
005 FQK2J Conjunto de Filtros 1
999 49-50306 Manual del Propietario 1
Para obtener piezas de recambio o las herramientas opcionales,
005 llámenos gratuitamente al 800.626.2002 (USA), al 800.663.6060
(Canadá-Inglés).

003

001

002
999
GARANTÍA.
*$5$17Ë$/,0,7$'$32581$³2
• ¿Qué cubre esta garantía? • ¿Cómo hago la reclamación de la garantía?
³&XDOTXLHUGHIHFWRGHIiEULFDHQORVPDWHULDOHVRODPDQXIDFWXUDGHO ³Devuélvala al minorista a quien le compró el producto con una copia de
producto. “Proof of Purchase”(prueba de compra). Se le proporcionará una unidad
• ¿Qué no cubre esta garantía? nueva o reacondicionada. Esta garantía excluye los costos de envío o
³Cartuchos de los filtros y las baterías después de treinta días a partir de la llamadas de servicio a domicilio.
fecha de la compra.
³9LDMHVDVXFDVDSDUDHQVHxDUOHFyPRXVDUHOSURGXFWR
(;&/86,Ï1'(*$5$17Ë$6,03/Ë&,7$6³6X~QLFR\H[FOXVLYR
³,QVWDODFLyQRHQWUHJDLQDSURSLDGDRPDQWHQLPLHQWRLPSURSLR derecho es el cambio del producto, tal y como se indica en esta
³)DOODGHOSURGXFWRGHELGRDDEXVRPDOXVRDOWHUDFLyQXVRFRPHUFLDO Garantía limitada. Cualquier garantía implícita, incluyendo las
o uso diferente al propósito deseado con este producto. garantías implícitas de comerciabilidad o adecuación para un
³8VRGHHVWHSURGXFWRGRQGHHODJXDHVWiPLFURELROyJLFDPHQWH fin determinado, están limitadas a un año o el período de tiempo
insegura o de calidad desconocida, sin la adecuada desinfección, más breve permitido por la ley.
antes y después de ser procesada por el sistema.
³'DxRVFDXVDGRVDOSURGXFWRGHELGRDDFFLGHQWHVLQFHQGLR
inundaciones o actos Esta garantía se extiende al comprador original y cualquier comprador
de la naturaleza. posterior de productos comprados para uso residencial o en la oficina
dentro de Estados Unidos. En Alaska, la garantía excluye el costo de
³Daños secundarios o por consecuencia causados por posibles envío o las visitas de servicio a su casa u oficina.
defectos en el producto, su instalación o reparación.
Algunos estados no permiten la exclusión o las limitaciones de daños
• ¿Por cuánto tiempo después de la compra? incidentales o consecuenciales. Esta garantía da derechos legales
³8QDxR específicos, y usted podría tener otros derechos que variarán de estado
a estado. Para saber cuáles son sus derechos legales, consulte a la
oficina de asuntos del consumidor local o la oficina del Attorney General
en su localidad.
Póngase en contacto con nosotros en GEAppliances.com, o llame sin
cargo al 800.952.5039.

11
Soporte al consumidor.
Página Web de GE GEAppliances.com
¿Tiene alguna pregunta sobre su electrodoméstico? ¡Pruebe la página Web de GE 24 horas al día, cualquier día del año! Para
mayor conveniencia y servicio más rápido, ya puede descargar los Manuales de los Propietarios o pedir piezas en línea.

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El servicio de expertos GE está a tan sólo un paso de su puerta. Llame al 800.GE.CARES (800.432.2737) durante horas normales
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Real Life Design Studio (Estudio de diseño para la vida real) GEAppliances.com
*(DSR\DHOFRQFHSWRGH'LVHxR8QLYHUVDO³SURGXFWRVVHUYLFLRV\DPELHQWHVTXHSXHGHQXVDUJHQWHGHWRGDVODVHGDGHV
tamaños y capacidades. Reconocemos la necesidad de diseñar para una gran gama de habilidades y dificultades físicas y
mentales. Para más detalles cobre las aplicaciones de GE Diseño Universal, incluyendo ideas de diseño para la cocina para
personas con discapacidades, mire nuestra página Web hoy mismo. Para personas con dificultades auditivas, favor de llamar al
800.TDD.GEAC (800.833.4322).

Garantías ampliadas GEAppliances.com
Compre una garantía ampliada y obtenga detalles sobre descuentos especiales disponibles mientras su garantía está aún
activa. Puede comprarla en línea en cualquier momento, o llamar al (800.626.2224) durante horas normales de oficina. GE
Consumer Home Services estará aún ahí cuando su garantía termine.

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Aquellos individuos con la calificación necesaria para reparar sus propios electrodomésticos pueden pedir que se les manden
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línea hoy, 24 horas cada día o llamar por teléfono al 800.626.2002 durante horas normales de oficina.
Las instrucciones descritas en este manual cubren los procedimientos a seguir por cualquier usuario. Cualquier otra reparación debería,
por regla general, referirse a personal calificado autorizado. Debe ejercerse precaución ya que las reparaciones incorrectas pueden causar
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Impreso en Taiwan
Appendix D

Centralized Treatment
Commercial Brackish RO Systems RO-200
Capacity: 600 to 15,000 GPD SERIES
Pure Aqua’s reverse osmosis systems are capable of removing salts and other impurities such as bacteria, sugars,
proteins, dyes and constituents with a molecular weight greater than 150-250 Daltons.

TW-1.8K-325 TW-4.5K-340 TW-9.0K-640 TW-15K-1040

Pure Aqua supplies a full line of standard and fully customizable reverse osmosis systems, all of which are engi-
neered using advanced 3D computer modeling and process design software for accurate and customized solutions.

Standard Features Available Options
S Powder coated carbon steel frame S SS pressure vessels
S 2.5”/4” TFC spiral wound membranes S High pressure switch
S Heavy duty 5 micron sediment prefilter S pH or ORP meter
S Corrosion resistant high pressure pump S Recycle flow meter
S 220V/1ph/60Hz power requirement S Product tank float switch
S Pre/post filter and pump pressure gauges S 220V or 460V/3ph/60Hz power requirement
S FRP pressure vessels S 220-240V/1ph/50Hz power requirement
S Tagging and identification of instrumentation S 380-415V/3ph/50Hz power requirement
S Heavy duty high pressure tubing S Automatic flush
S Corrosion resistant high pressure throttling valve S Export wood crating
S Pretreatment lockout S Media filters
S TDS meter S Ozonation system/UV sterilizers
S Low pressure switch S Water softeners
S Product and reject flow meters S Post DI polishers
S Electric inlet solenoid valve S Blending: feed/product
S Recycle valve (standard up to 4.5K GPD) S Skid mounted with pre and post treatment
S Factory tested S Solar powered systems

SS Inlet Low Pressure 5 Micron SS Pressure FRP Pressure SS Needle Microprocessor
Solenoid Valve Switch Pre-Filter Gauge Vessel Valve Control Panel

Pure Aqua, Inc.®
Commercial Brackish RO Systems RO-200
Capacity: 600 to 15,000 GPD SERIES

Operation Specifications
S Max. feed water temperature: 42°C S Feed water TDS: 0 to (1,000 or 3,000 or 5,000 ppm)
S Feed water pressure: 20 to 80 psi S Equipment upgrade for TDS over 5,000 ppm
S Operating pressure: 150 to 250 psi S Hardness over 1 GPG requires water softener
S Hydrogen Sulfide must be removed S pH tolerance range: 3-11
S Turbidity should be removed S Max. Silica tolerance: 25 ppm @ 60% recovery
S Max. iron content: 0.05 ppm S Operate at higher TDS by lowering recovery
Motor HP Approx.
Permeate Flow Rate Membranes Dimensions
Model # at 1,000 ppm Weight
L”xW”xH”
GPD M /D
3
Size Qty 60Hz 50Hz (lbs)

TW-0.6K-125 600 2 2.5"x40" 1 1/2 1/2 100 21x24x55
TW-1.2K-225 1,200 5 2.5"x40" 2 1/2 1/2 110 21x24x55
TW-1.8K-325 1,800 7 2.5"x40" 3 3/4 3/4 125 21x24x55
TW-1.5K-140 1,500 6 4"x40" 1 1 1 125 21x25x55
TW-3.0K-240 3,000 11 4"x40" 2 1 1 160 21x25x55
TW-4.5K-340 4,500 17 4"x40" 3 1.5 1.5 190 21x25x55
TW-6.0K-440 6,000 23 4"x40" 4 1.5 1.5 220 21x30x55
TW-7.5K-540 7,500 28 4"x40" 5 2 2 250 21x30x55
TW-9.0K-640 9,000 34 4"x40" 6 2 2 280 21x30x55
TW-12.0K-840 12,000 45 4"x40" 8 3 3 380 27x34x56
TW-15.0K-1040 15,000 57 4"x40” 10 3 3 450 27x34x56
Note: If the feed water TDS exceeds 2,000 ppm, the system model number changes to BW-XXXK-XXXX, and a suffix is added to
the end of the model number: “-5” is added if the TDS is 5,000 ppm or less. Example: Required system to produce 9,000 GPD
with a feed water TDS of 5,000 ppm, the corresponding model number is: “BW-9.0K-640-5”.

Available Skid Mounted Systems
Pure Aqua manufactures skid mounted commercial re-
verse osmosis as a turnkey system individually designed
to meet your specifications and pre-tested to ensure ac-
curate connections. Depending on the applications, the
skid mounted system might include all pre and post treat-
ment components, including feed pump, chemical dosing,
media filter, carbon filter, water softener, RO, TDS blending
mechanism, pH correction, post UV disinfection, ozona-
tion, storage tank and other optional components. The skid
mounted system comes completely pre-assembled, piped,
wired and ready to operate.

Pure Aqua also supplies: Custom Engineered Solutions, Multimedia
Pretreatment, Activated Carbon Pretreatment, Water Conditioning, Chemical TW-7.5K-540
w/ skid mounting option
Dosing Systems, Ultraviolet (UV) Sterilizers and Ozonation Systems.

BWRO.june 2014
TW-1.
5K-
140 TW-3.
0K-
240 TW-4.
5K-
340 TW-6.
0K-
440 TW-7.
5K-
540 TW-9.
0K-
640
1,
500GPDTWRO 3,
000GPDTWRO 4,
500GPDTWRO 6,
000GPDTWRO 7,
500GPDTWRO 9,
000GPDTWRO

I
SO I
SO
9001 CERTI
FIED
MADE
I
NUSA

RO-200S
eries-
4”
TW-15.
0K-
1040 Commerc
ialRO
T
W-12.
0K-
840
12,
000GPDTWRO 15,
000GPDTWRO
45 Pump Series description

Single Head Fixed Output Single Head A djustable Output

Output Range
0.2–50 gpd at 25 psi
0.2–22 gpd at 100 psi

• 26 rpm gear motor
• M echanical dial ring allows outputs adjustable in 2.5% increments
• 6 interchangeable tubes

FEATURES BENEFITS

Peristaltic design Self-priming, won’t lose prime
Can run dry without damage
Chemicals are metered without exposure to air
Pumps gaseous solutions

Pump tubes A ccept a variety of chemicals

Select Pump & 45 Series
Pump head Universal with all Stenner pumps

Snap fit modular subassemblies Quick serviceability without tools

Interchangeable pump tubes Convert one Classic model to another
and subassemblies

M echanical feed rate control Reproducibility within 2% of outputs

M anufactured since 1957 Time tested

US and Canada 800.683.2378, International 904.641.1666
45 Pump Series dimensions

Output Range
0.2–50 gpd at 25 psi
0.2–22 gpd at 100 psi

Single Head Fixed Output

8"

6"

5.3 "

Single Head A djustable Output

10.6 "

6"

5.3 "

NOTE: Not all products have agency approval. Please call factory for more information.

www.stenner.com
45 Pump Series materials of construction

A ll Housings* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lexan ® Polycarbonate Plastic

Peristaltic Tube* * . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Santoprene ® FDA A pproved
Check Valve Duckbill

Peristaltic Tube † . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tygothane ® FDA A pproved

Check Valve Duckbill †† . . . . . . . . . . Pellathane ®

Suction/Discharge Tubing . . . . . . . LDPE Polyethylene-NSF/FDA A pproved
Ferrules (1/4" & 6 mm)

Tube Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type 1 Rigid PV C-NSF Listed
Connecting Nuts
Check Valve Fittings
W eighted Suction Line Strainer

A ll Fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stainless Steel

* Lexan ® is a registered trademark of General Electric. Consult General Electric for
chemical resistance of Lexan ® .

* * Santoprene ® is a registered trademark of A dvanced Elastomer System. Refer to the
chemical resistance guide in this catalog for pump tube material compatibility.


Tygothane ® is a registered trademark of Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics. Refer to the

Pumps – 45 Series
chemical resistance guide in this catalog for pump tube material compatibility.

††
Pellathane ® is a registered trademark of The Dow Company.

A ccessory K it Contents
3 Connecting Nuts 1/4" or 3/8"
3 Ferrules 1/4" & 6 mm Europe OR 2 Ferrules 3/8"
1 Injection Check Valve 100 psi OR 1 Injection Fitting 25 psi
1 W eighted Suction Line Strainer 1/4" or 3/8" , 6 mm Europe
1 20' Roll of Suction/Discharge Tubing 1/4" or 3/8" W hite or UV Black
OR 6 mm W hite Europe
1 Spare Pump Tube
1 M ounting Bracket
1 Installation and M aintenance M anual

US and Canada 800.683.2378, International 904.641.1666
45 Pump Series outputs

Single Head Fixed Output
A pproximate Output @ 60Hz Approximate Output @ 50Hz

Model Max. Pump Gallons Liters Gallons Liters Ounces MilliLiters Liters Liters Milliliters
Pressure Tube Per day Per day Per hour Per hour Per Per Per day Per Hour Per
Number Minute Minute Minute

45MPHP2* 100 psi #1 3 11.4 0.13 0.48 0.27 7.92 9.1 0.38 6.32
(6.9 bar)
45MPHP10* 100 psi #2 10 37.9 0.42 1.58 0.89 26.32 30.3 1.26 21.04
(6.9 bar)
45MPHP22* 100 psi #7 22 83.3 0.92 3.47 1.96 57.85 66.6 2.78 46.25
(6.9 bar)
45MP1 25 psi #1 3 11.4 0.13 0.48 0.27 7.92 9.1 0.38 6.32
(1.7 bar)
45MP2 25 psi #2 10 37.9 0.42 1.58 0.89 26.32 30.3 1.26 21.04
(1.7 bar)
45MP3 25 psi #3 22 83.3 0.92 3.47 1.96 57.85 66.6 2.78 46.25
(1.7 bar)
45MP4 25 psi #4 35 132.5 1.46 5.52 3.11 92.01 106 4.42 73.61
(1.7 bar)
45MP5 25 psi #5 50 189.3 2.08 7.89 4.44 131.43 151.4 6.31 105.14
(1.7 bar)
*Pump supplied with injection check valve for 26-100 psi (1.7-6.9 bar) applications

Single Head A djustable Output
A pproximate Output @ 60Hz A pproximate Output @ 50Hz

Model Max. Pump Gallons Liters Gallons Liters Ounces MilliLiters Liters Liters Milliliters
Pressure Tube Per day Per day Per hour Per hour Per Per Per day Per Hour Per
No. Minute Minute Minute

45MHP2* 100 psi #1 0.2 to 3 0.8 to 11.4 0.01 to 0.13 0.03 to 0.48 0.02 to 0.27 0.56 to 7.92 0.6 to 9.1 0.03 to 0.38 0.31 to 6.32
(6.9 bar)
45MHP10* 100 psi #2 0.5 to 10 1.9 to 37.9 0.02 to 0.42 0.08 to 1.58 0.04 to 0.89 1.32 to 26.32 1.5 to 30.3 0.06 to 1.26 1.04 to 21.04
(6.9 bar)
45MHP22* 100 psi #7 1.1 to 22 4.2 to 83.3 0.05 to 0.92 0.18 to 3.47 0.10 to 1.96 2.92 to 57.85 3.3 to 66.6 0.14 to 2.78 2.29 to 46.25
(6.9 bar)
45M1 25 psi #1 0.2 to 3 0.8 to 11.4 0.01 to 0.13 0.03 to 0.48 0.02 to 0.27 0.56 to 7.92 0.6 to 9.1 0.03 to 0.38 0.31 to 6.32
(1.7 bar)
45M2 25 psi #2 0.5 to 10 1.9 to 37.9 0.02 to 0.42 0.08 to 1.58 0.04 to 0.89 1.32 to 26.32 1.5 to 30.3 0.06 to 1.26 1.04 to 21.04
(1.7 bar)
45M3 25 psi #3 1.1 to 22 4.2 to 83.3 0.05 to 0.92 0.18 to 3.47 0.10 to 1.96 2.92 to 57.85 3.3 to 66.6 0.14 to 2.78 2.29 to 46.25
(1.7 bar)
45M4 25 psi #4 1.7 to 35 6.4 to 132.5 0.07 to 1.46 0.27 to 5.52 0.15 to 3.11 4.44 to 92.01 5.1 to 106 0.21 to 4.42 3.54 to 73.61
(1.7 bar)
45M5 25 psi #5 2.5 to 50 9.5 to 189.3 0.1 to 2.08 0.4 to 7.89 0.22 to 4.44 6.6 to 131.43 7.6 to 151.4 0.32 to 6.31 5.28 to 105.14
(1.7 bar)
*Pump supplied with injection check valve for 26-100 psi (1.7-6.9 bar) applications

NOTICE: The information within this chart is solely intended for use as a guide. The output data is an approximation based on pumping water under a controlled
testing environment. Many variables can affect the output of the pump. Stenner Pump Company recommends that all metering pumps undergo field calibration by means
of analytical testing to confirmtheir outputs.

www.stenner.com
45 Pump Series specifications

Output Control for A djustable Pumps Only . . . M anual with external dial ring
from 5-100%

Turndown Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20:1

Suction/Discharge Polyethylene Tubing . . . . . . 1/4" , 3/8" , 6 mm Europe

M otor rpm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

M otor HP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/30

Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120V, 220V 60Hz
230V, 250V 50Hz International

A mp Draw @ M aximum Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.7 @ 120V
0.9 @ 220V, 230V, 250V

M aximum Operating Temperature . . . . . . . . . 125° F (52° C)

M aximum Viscosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000 cPs*

Suction Lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 ft (7.6 m)

Dimensions (l x w x h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fixed output
8.0 x 5.3 x 6.0 in;
20.3 x 13.4 x 15.2 cm

Pumps – 45 Series
A djustable output
10.6 x 5.3 x 6.0 in;
26.9 x 13.4 x 15.2 cm

Shipping W eight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fixed output
8 lbs (3.6 kg)
A djustable output
9 lbs (4 kg)

* 10,000 centipoise – 5 ft suction lift, high viscosity fluids decrease suction lift capability
and pump displacement.

US and Canada 800.683.2378, International 904.641.1666
45 Pump Series output chart
45M P Fixed Output Single Head: 0 to 25 psi (1.72 bar) M aximum Discharge Pressure
Model Tube gpd lpd

45MP1 #1 3 9.1

45MP2 #2 10 30.3

45MP3 #3 22 66.6

45MP4 #4 35 106

45MP5 #5 50 151.4
Outputs per day in U.S. Gallons @ 60Hz & Liters @ 50Hz

45M PHP Fixed Output Single Head: 26 to 100 psi (6.9 bar) M aximum Discharge Pressure
Model Tube gpd lpd

45MPHP2 #1 3 9.1

45MPHP10 #2 10 30.3

45MPHP22 #7 22 66.6
Outputs per day in U.S. Gallons @ 60Hz & Liters @ 50Hz

45M A djustable Output Single Head: 0 to 25 psi (1.72 bar) M aximum Discharge Pressure
Feed Rate Control Setting
L 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Model Tube gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd

45M1 # 1 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.6 1.8 0.9 2.7 1.2 3.6 1.5 4.5 1.8 5.5 2.1 6.4 2.4 7.3 2.7 8.2 3 9.1

45M2 # 2 0.5 1.5 1 3 2 6.1 3 9.1 4 12.1 5 15.1 6 18.2 7 21.2 8 24.2 9 27.3 10 30.3

45M3 # 3 1.1 3.3 2.2 6.6 4.4 13.3 6.6 20 8.8 26.6 11 33.3 13.2 40 15.4 46.6 17.6 53.3 19.8 60 22 66.6

45M4 # 4 1.7 5.1 3.5 10.6 7 21.2 10.5 31.8 14 42.4 17.5 53 21 63.6 24.5 74.2 28 84.8 31.5 95.4 35 106

45M5 # 5 2.5 7.6 5 15.1 10 30.3 15 45.4 20 60.6 25 75.7 30 90.8 35 106 40 121.1 45 136.3 50 151.4

Outputs per day in U.S. Gallons @ 60Hz & Liters @ 50Hz

45M HP A djustable Output Single Head: 26 to 100 psi (6.9 bar) M aximum Discharge Pressure
Feed Rate Control Setting
L 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Model Tube gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd gpd lpd

45MHP2 # 1 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.6 1.8 0.9 2.7 1.2 3.6 1.5 4.5 1.8 5.5 2.1 6.4 2.4 7.3 2.7 8.2 3 9.1

45MHP10# 2 0.5 1.5 1 3 2 6.1 3 9.1 4 12.1 5 15.1 6 18.2 7 21.2 8 24.2 9 7.3 10 30.3

45MHP22# 7 1.1 3.3 2.2 6.6 4.4 13.3 6.6 20 8.8 26.6 11 33.3 13.2 40 15.4 46.6 17.6 53.3 19.8 60 22 66.6

Outputs per day in U.S. Gallons @ 60Hz & Liters @ 50Hz

www.stenner.com
45 Pump Series build item number
Item number is required for placing orders. To build item number, select code based on application requirements.

Factory Use Only

Single Head Control Pressure Pump Voltage Suction Pump
Rating Tube & Hertz Discharge Tube
Tubing M aterial

CODE

F Fixed
Control
J A djustable

Pressure
L 0-25 psi (0-1.7 bar)
Rating H 26-100 psi (1.7-6.9 bar)

Outputs @ 60Hz, for 50Hz refer to output page in this catalog.
Pump
Tube 25 psi (1.7 bar)
gpd lpd Fixed A djustable
1 3 11 45M P1 45M 1
2 10 38 45M P2 45M 2
3 22 83 45M P3 45M 3
4 35 133 45M P4 45M 4
5 50 189 45M P5 45M 5
100 psi (6.9 bar)
gpd lpd Fixed A djustable
1

Pumps – 45 Series
3 11 45M PHP2 45M HP2
2 10 38 45M PHP10 45M HP10
7 22 83 45M PHP22 45M HP22

Voltage
A 120V 60Hz
& Hertz B 220V 60Hz
C 230V 50Hz, CEE7 cord International
D 250V 50Hz, CEE7 cord International
Contact the factory for additional voltage and cord options.

Suction O.D.; does not affect output
Discharge 1 1/4" W hite
Tubing
2 1/4" UV Black
3 3/8" W hite
4 3/8" UV Black
5 6 mm W hite Europe

Pump A pplication specific, refer to chemical resistance guide for chemical compatibility.
Tube S Santoprene ®
M aterial
T Tygothane ® (available in #2 and #5 size only, see Pump Tube)

US and Canada 800.683.2378, International 904.641.1666
Notes

www.stenner.com
Position Count Description
1 CR 15-3 A-GJ-A-E-HQQE

Product No.: 97754586
Vertical, non-self-priming, multistage, in-line,
centrifugal pump for installation in pipe systems
and mounting on a foundation.

The pump has the following characteristics:
- Impellers and intermediate chambers are made of
Stainless steel, DIN W.-Nr. 1.4301.
- Pump head and base are made of Cast iron.
- The shaft seal has assembly length
according to EN 12756.
- Power transmission is via cast iron split
coupling.
- Pipework connection is via ANSI flanges.

The motor is a 1-phase AC motor.

Liquid:
Pumped liquid: Water
Liquid temperature range: -4 .. 248 °F
Liquid temperature during operation: 68 °F
Density: 62.29 lb/ft³

Technical:
Speed for pump data: 3468 rpm
Actual calculated flow: 100 US gpm
Resulting head of the pump: 139.1 ft
Primary shaft seal: HQQE
Approvals on nameplate: ANSI/NSF61
Curve tolerance: ISO9906:2012 3B

Materials:
Pump housing: Cast iron
EN-JL1030
ASTM A48-30 B
Impeller: Stainless steel
DIN W.-Nr. 1.4301
AISI 304

Installation:
Maximum ambient temperature: 104 °F
Max pressure at stated temperature: 232 psi / 250 °F
232 psi / -4 °F
Flange standard: ANSI
Pipe connection: 2"
Pressure stage: Class 250
Flange size for motor: 213TC

Electrical data:
Motor type: BALDOR
Rated power - P2: 7.5 HP
Main frequency: 60 Hz
Rated voltage: 1 x 208-230 V
Rated current: 33,8-31,0 A

Printed from Grundfos Product Center [2017.04.034] 1/5
Position Count Description
Rated speed: 3450 rpm
Number of poles: 2
Insulation class (IEC 85): F

Others:
Net weight: 207 lb
Gross weight: 225 lb

Printed from Grundfos Product Center [2017.04.034] 2/5
97754586 CR 15-3 60 Hz
H CR 15-3, 60Hz eta
[ft] [%]
Q = 100 US gpm
H = 139.1 ft
Pumped liquid = Water
Liquid temperature during operation = 68 °F
Density = 62.29 lb/ft³

200

180

160

140

120

100 100

80 80

60 60

40 40

20 20

Eff pump = 70.7 %
0 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 Q [US gpm]
P2 NPSH
[HP] [ft]

5 50

4 40

3 30

2 20

1 10

P2 = 4.982 HP
NPSH = 9.15 ft
0 0

Printed from Grundfos Product Center [2017.04.034] 3/5
H CR 15-3, 60Hz eta
Description Value [ft] [%]
Q = 100 US gpm
General information: H = 139.1 ft
Product name: CR 15-3 A-GJ-A-E-HQQE Pumped liquid = Water
200 Liquid temperature during operation = 68 °F
Product No.: 97754586 Density = 62.29 lb/ft³
EAN: 5710623780658 180

Technical: 160

Speed for pump data: 3468 rpm
140
Actual calculated flow: 100 US gpm
Resulting head of the pump: 139.1 ft 120
Head max: 199.8 ft
Impellers: 03 100 100

Primary shaft seal: HQQE
80 80
Approvals on nameplate: ANSI/NSF61
Curve tolerance: ISO9906:2012 3B 60 60
Stages: 3
Pump version: A 40 40

Model: A
20 20
Cooling: TEFC
Eff pump = 70.7 %
0 0
Materials: 0 20 40 60 80 100 Q [US gpm]
P2 NPSH
Pump housing: Cast iron [HP] [ft]
EN-JL1030 5 50
ASTM A48-30 B
Impeller: Stainless steel 4 40

DIN W.-Nr. 1.4301
3 30
AISI 304
Material code: A 2 20
Code for rubber: E
1 10
Installation: P2 = 4.982 HP
13/16"

3 1/2"
1/2"
ø6

11 1/8"
10 7/8"
9/16"
ø2

4 x ø9/16" ø41/2"
5
6
8 1/8"
15/16"
3/4"
19.29

PLUG (G 1/2)

DRAIN 3/4 x 7/8"
15.51

WITHGAUGE/
FOR
PORTSENSOR
1/4"TAP
(G 1/2)

G 1/2 PLUG
PRIMING

NPSH = 9.15 ft
7 1/2"
10 5/8"

Maximum ambient temperature: 104 °F 0 0
Max pressure at stated temperature: 232 psi / 250 °F 7 1/2"
232 psi / -4 °F 10 5/8"

Flange standard: ANSI
Connect code: GJ
15.51

Pipe connection: 2"
Pressure stage: Class 250
Flange size for motor: 213TC G 1/2 PLUG PRIMING
PORT (G 1/2)
WITH 1/4"TAP
FOR GAUGE/
SENSOR
Liquid:
Pumped liquid: Water
19.29

ø2 9/16"

Liquid temperature range: -4 .. 248 °F DRAIN
PLUG (G 1/2) 3/4 x 7/8"

Liquid temperature during operation: 68 °F
ø6 1/2"

Density: 62.29 lb/ft³
ø5"
3 1/2"

13/16"

Electrical data: ø4 3/4" 4 x ø9/16"
5 1/8"
Motor type: BALDOR 6 15/16" 8 1/2"
10 1/8"
Rated power - P2: 7.5 HP 11 7/8"

Main frequency: 60 Hz
Rated voltage: 1 x 208-230 V
Rated current: 33,8-31,0 A
Rated speed: 3450 rpm
Number of poles: 2
Insulation class (IEC 85): F
Motor protection: NONE
Motor Number: 85700017

Others:
Net weight: 207 lb
Gross weight: 225 lb

Printed from Grundfos Product Center [2017.04.034] 4/5
97754586 CR 15-3 60 Hz

4 x ø9/16"
ø6 1/2"

ø5"

ø2 9/16"

ø4 3/4"

10 1/8"
8 1/2"
3/4 x 7/8"
13/16"
PORT (G 1/2)
PRIMING

6 15/16"
10 5/8"

11 7/8"
5 1/8"
7 1/2"

WITH 1/4"TAP
FOR GAUGE/

PLUG (G 1/2)
G 1/2 PLUG

SENSOR

3 1/2"
DRAIN

15.51 19.29

Note! All units are in [mm] unless otherwise stated.
Disclaimer: This simplified dimensional drawing does not show all details.

Printed from Grundfos Product Center [2017.04.034] 5/5
Chemical Dosing Systems CDS
Capacity: 3 to 120 GPD SERIES

The Pure Aqua CDS series chemical dosing systems offer a wide range of capacities to meet various
chemical treatment applications. Each system includes the chemical metering pump and polyethylene
chemical tank, along with the necessary hoses and fitting for the pump.

Standard Features
S Fully adjustable output capacity from 3-120 GPD
S Manual function control for stroke rate & length
S Highly reliable timing circuit
S EMI resistant
S Thermally protected solenoid with auto-reset
S Bleed valve assembly
S Plastic pvc head/fittings and polyethylene tank for a
S wide range of corrosion resistance to such
chemicals as mild acid, chlorine, and caustic solution

Available Options
S 230V/1ph/50Hz or 60Hz
S Epoxy coated stainless steel mixer
S pH controller
S ORP controller
S Stand-by pump
S Skid mounted unit
S Custom built unit
S Pump maintenance spare kit
S Level switch
Applications
S Water purification and pollution control
S Local control panel
S Iron, hydrogen sulfide & manganese removal
S Scale prevention
S Acid water neutralization
S Coagulation and turbidity removal
S Waste water treatment
S Food Processing
S Detergent and wetting agent metering
S Swimming pool treatment
S Liquid fertilizer treatment
S Hydroponics nutrient treatment
S Municipal water treatment
S Algae control
S Livestock water treatment

Pure Aqua, Inc.®
Chemical Dosing Systems CDS
Capacity: 3 to 120 GPD SERIES

Materials of Construction
S Pump Head: PVC
S Diaphragm: Teflon-faced
S O-Rings: Teflon
S Balls: Ceramic
S Fittings: PVC
S Tubing: Clear PVC / White PE
S Tank / Cover: Polyethylene

Output Input Power
Max Stroke Frequency
Capacity Tubing/ (Watts)
Model # Pressure Kopkit
Connection Control Turn-Down
GPD LPD (PSI) Peak Avg. Max. SPM
(Manual) Ratio
CDS-3 3 12 100 3/8” PVC/PE KX100
CDS-6 6 23 150 3/8” PVC/PE K2VTC1
CDS-12 12 46 150 3/8” PVC/PE K3VTC1 130 50
CDS-24 24 83 100 3/8” PVC/PE K4VTC1 Online
125 100:1
CDS-30 30 114 100 3/8” PVC/PE K4VTC1 Adjustable

CDS-44 44 167 100 3/8” PVC/PE K4VTC1
CDS-76 76 288 100 1/2” PVC/PE K5VTC3 300 130
CDS-120 120 454 100 1/2” PVC/PE K6VTC3

Pure Aqua also supplies: Custom Engineered Solutions, Multimedia Pretreatment, Activated Carbon
Pretreatment, Water Conditioning, Chemical Dosing Systems, Ultraviolet (UV) Sterilizers and Ozonation
Systems.

Authorized Dealer:

Pure Aqua, Inc.®
Water Treatment and Reverse Osmosis Systems
sales@pureaqua.com Tel: +1-714-432-9996
www.pureaqua.com Fax: +1-714-432-9898
© 2014 Pure Aqua, Inc. All rights reserved. Speciications subject to change without notice. cds.Aug2016
Commercial UV Sterilizers UVC
Capacity: 2 to 80 GPM SERIES

Pure Aqua’s UVC systems virtually eliminate microbiological contaminants without using potentially
hazardous chemicals. Water enters through the bottom port of the ultraviolet generator cell and swirls
around a low pressure mercury vapor lamp, which emits powerful ultraviolet light energy at 235.7nm
wave length. Bacteria, viruses and other micro-organisms absorb the light energy which disrupts their
DNA, and are destroyed safely inside a factory tested stainless steel cell. The treated water then exits
through the top port of the cell and is ready for consumption.

Pure Aqua, Inc.

Pure Aqua, Inc.

Standard Features Available Options
S High output low pressure mercury vapor lamps S True 254nm ultraviolet sensor incorporating
with high isolation pin design individual calibration boards with audible and
S Easy servicing - no need to disconnect the inlet visual indicators included
water to change the UV lamp S Solenoid output works in conjunction with the
S Quartz sleeve and aluminum gland nuts for ultraviolet alarm, allowing for the stoppage of
optimal operating temperature and sealing water flow in the event of low water quality or in
S Remote plug-in and desktop ballast case of a power failure
S 99.9% kill rate on bacteria and viruses S Infrared output allows for remote monitoring as
S Stainless steel or aluminum housing well as diagnostic tools for service technicians.
S Seven year warranty on reactor chamber For remote audible and visual monitoring of the
S Includes mounting clamp and quarts sleeve UV sensor, use the optional IR-ALARM
S 304 stainless steel reactor chamber
S Audible lamp failure, power, and total running
time indicators

Pure Aqua, Inc.®
Commercial UV Sterilizers UVC
Capacity: 2 to 80 GPM SERIES

Advantages of UV
S Effective: Virtually all microorganisms are susceptible to UV disinfection
S Economical: Hundreds of gallons of water can be purified for a few cents per day
S Safe: No danger or way of overdosing, no addition of hazardous chemicals
S Fast: Water is ready for consumption as soon as it leaves the cell
S Easy: Simple installation and maintenance. Minimum space requirements
S Automatic: Continuous or intermittent disinfection without special attention
S No Chemicals: No chlorine taste or corrosion problems
S Versatile: Capacities available from 2 to 80 gallons per minute

Pure Aqua, Inc.
Minimum Water Quality Requirements
S Fe count is less than: 0.3 mg/l
S H2S count is less than: 0.05 mg/l

Pure Aqua, Inc.
S TSS count is less than: 10 mg/l
S Mn count is less than: 0.05 mg/l

Pure Aqua, Inc.
S TH level is less than 10 grains per gallon

Operation Specifications
S Electrical supply: 100-240V/50-60Hz
S Max. Operating Pressure: 100psi (6.9 bar)
S Ambient Temperature: 36-104°F (2-40°C)

Flow Rate (GPM) Power Shipping
In/Out Port Dimensions (in.)
Model # (95% UVT EOL) Consumption Lamp Type Weight
Size
Standard1 NSF/EPA2 System Lamp Reactor Controller (lbs)

S2Q-PA 3 2 22 W 17 W Sterilume-EX 1/2" MPT 17x2.5 7.3x3.2x2.5 6
S5Q-PA 6 5 30 W 25 W Sterilume-EX 3/4" MPT 22x2.5 7.3x3.2x2.5 6
S8Q-PA 10 8 46 W 37 W Sterilume-EX 3/4" MPT 35x2.5 7.3x3.2x2.5 10
S12Q-PA 15 11 48 W 39 W Sterilume-EX 1" MPT 37x3.5 7.3x3.2x2.5 13
S15** 15 11 42 W 36 W Sterilume-HO 1" MPT 22.8x3.5 11x4.5x2 15
S20** 20 14 52 W 45 W Sterilume-HO 1" MPT 26x3.5 11x4.5x2 17
S32 32 24 73 W 65 W Sterilume-HO 1" MPT 30.7x3.5 9.4x3.2x2.5 20
S40 40 30 88 W 80 W Sterilume-HO 1-1/2" MPT 39.7x3.5 9.4x3.2x2.5 25
S52** 52 39 110 W 100 W Sterilume-HO 1-1/2" MPT 41x4 13x6.5x4.5 29
S80* 80 - 230 W 200 W S37RL-AM 2" MPT 41x4 13x6.5x4.5 29
1. Pure Aqua standard is at dose level of: 30mJ/cm2.
2. NSF/EPA standard is at dose level of: 40mJ/cm2.
* Uses 316SS reaction chamber. ** Platinum™ ICE controller.

Authorized Dealer:

Pure Aqua, Inc.®
Water Treatment and Reverse Osmosis Systems
sales@pureaqua.com Tel: +1-714-432-9996
www.pureaqua.com Fax: +1-714-432-9898
© 2013 Pure Aqua, Inc. All rights reserved. Speciications subject to change without notice. UVC.Oct2013
WELL-X-TROL ®

Diaphragm Well Tanks: WX-100, 200 and 300 Series

150 PSIG Working Pressure

Construction Performance
Shell High Strength Steel Maximum Operating Temperature 200°F (93°C)
Diaphragm Heavy Duty Butyl Maximum Working Pressure 150 PSIG (10.3 bar)
Liner Antimicrobial Maximum Relief Valve Setting 125 PSIG (8.6 bar)
System Connection Stainless Steel Warranty 7 Year
Finish Tuf-Kote™ HG Blue
Water Circulator Turbulator™ Application
Air Valve Projection Welded • Controls pump cycling in residential well water systems.
Factory Precharge 38 PSIG (2.6 bar) • Can be installed indoors or outdoors.

In-Line Models
System
Tank Max. A B Shipping
Model Connection
Volume Acceptance Tank Height Tank Diameter Weight
Number (NPTM)
Factor
Gal Lit In mm In mm In Lbs Kg

WX-101 2.0 8 0.45 13 330 8 203 ¾ 5 2
WX-102 4.4 17 0.55 15 381 11 279 ¾ 9 4
WX-103 7.6 29 0.43 22 559 11 279 ¾ 15 7
WX-104 10.3 39 1.00 18 457 15 381 1 20 9
WX-200 14.0 53 0.81 22 559 15 381 1 22 10
Available in gray. Use suffix G.
Stand Models
C System
Tank Max. A B D Shipping
Model Sys. Conn. Conn.
Volume Accept. Tank Height Tank Diameter Stand Diameter Weight
Number Centerline (NPTM)
Factor
Gal Lit In mm In mm In mm In mm In Lbs Kg

WX-201 14.0 53 0.81 25 635 15 381 119⁄32 40 12 304 1 25 11
WX-202 20.0 76 0.57 32 813 15 381 119⁄32 40 12 304 1 32 15
WX-202XL 26.0 98 0.44 39 991 15 381 119⁄32 40 12 304 1 39 18
WX-203 32.0 121 0.35 47 1194 15 381 119⁄32 40 12 304 1 47 21
WX-205 34.0 129 1.00 30 762 22 559 115⁄16 49 20½ 521 1¼ 57 26
WX-250 44.0 167 0.77 36 914 22 559 1 ⁄16
15
49 20½ 521 1¼ 65 29
WX-251 62.0 235 0.55 47 1194 22 559 115⁄16 49 20½ 521 1¼ 87 39
WX-255 81.0 306 0.41 57 1448 22 559 115⁄16 49 20½ 521 1¼ 109 49
WX-252* 86.0 326 0.39 62 1575 22 559 1 ⁄16
15
49 20½ 521 1¼ 107 49
WX-302 86.0 326 0.54 47 1194 26 660 21⁄16 52 20½ 521 1¼ 106 48
WX-350 119.0 450 0.39 62 1575 26 660 21⁄16 52 20½ 521 1¼ 146 66
*WX-252: Maximum Working Pressure: 100 PSIG. Avaliable in Blue only. Available in Tan and Gray. Use suffix T or G.
All dimensions and weights are approximate.

Job Name ______________________________________ Notes __________________________________

Engineer ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Contractor ______________________________________ _______________________________________

P.O. No. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Sales Rep. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Model No. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

4 Amtrol Inc., 1400 Division Road, West Warwick, RI 02893 USA T: 401.884.6300 www.amtrol.com MC 4400 (01/17)
WELL-X-TROL ®

Diaphragm Well Tanks: WX-100, 200 and 300 Series with DuraBase®

150 PSIG Working Pressure

Construction Performance
Shell High Strength Steel Maximum Operating Temperature 200°F (93°C)
Diaphragm Heavy Duty Butyl Maximum Working Pressure 150 PSIG (10.3 bar)
Liner Antimicrobial Maximum Relief Valve Setting 125 PSIG (8.6 bar)
System Connection Stainless Steel Warranty 7 Year
Finish Tuf-Kote™ HG Blue
Water Circulator Turbulator™ Application
Air Valve Projection Welded • Controls pump cycling in residential well water systems.
Factory Precharge 38 PSIG (2.6 bar) • Can be installed indoors or outdoors.
• DuraBase stand is rugged and will never corrode.
Patented.

Stand Models
C System
Tank Max. A B D Shipping
Model Sys. Conn. Conn.
Volume Accept. Tank Height Tank Diameter Stand Diameter Weight
Number Centerline (NPTM)
Factor
Gal Lit In mm In mm In mm In mm In Lbs Kg

WX-201D 14.0 53 0.81 25 635 15 381 111⁄16 43 15⅜ 391 1 25 11
WX-202D 20.0 76 .057 32 813 15 381 111⁄16 43 15⅜ 391 1 32 15
WX-202XLD 26.0 98 0.44 39 991 15 381 111⁄16 43 15⅜ 391 1 39 18
WX-203D 32.0 121 0.35 47 1194 15 381 1 ⁄16
11
43 15⅜ 391 1 47 21
WX-205D 34.0 129 1.00 30 762 22 559 2 51 22 559 1¼ 57 26
WX-250D 44.0 167 0.77 36 914 22 559 2 51 22 559 1¼ 65 29
WX-251D 62.0 235 0.55 47 1194 22 559 2 51 22 559 1¼ 87 39
WX-255D 81.0 306 0.41 57 1448 22 559 2 51 22 559 1¼ 109 49
WX-302D 86.0 326 0.54 47 1194 26 660 2 51 22 559 1¼ 106 48
WX-350D 119.0 450 0.39 62 1575 26 660 2 51 22 559 1¼ 146 66
Available in Tan and Gray. Use suffix T or G.
All dimensions and weights are approximate.

Job Name ______________________________________ Notes __________________________________

Engineer ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Contractor ______________________________________ _______________________________________

P.O. No. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Sales Rep. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Model No. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

MC 4400 (01/17) Amtrol Inc., 1400 Division Road, West Warwick, RI 02893 USA T: 401.884.6300 www.amtrol.com 5
WELL-X-TROL ®

Diaphragm Well Tanks: Underground, Wall Hung and Pump Stand Series

150 PSIG Working Pressure

Construction Performance
Shell High Strength Steel Maximum Operating Temperature 200°F (93°C)
Diaphragm Heavy Duty Butyl Maximum Working Pressure 150 PSIG (10.3 bar)
Liner Antimicrobial Maximum Relief Valve Setting 125 PSIG (8.6 bar)
System Connection Stainless Steel Warranty 7 Year
Finish Tuf-Kote™ HG Blue
Water Circulator Turbulator™ Application
Air Valve Projection Welded • Controls pump cycling in residential well water systems.
Factory Precharge 38 PSIG (2.6 bar)

Undergound Models (BLACK)
System
Tank Max. A B Shipping
Model Connection
Volume Acceptance Tank Height Tank Diameter Weight
Number (NPTM)
Factor
Gal Lit In mm In mm In Lbs Kg

WX-200UG 14 53 0.81 23 584 15 381 1 22 10
WX-202UG 20 76 0.57 30 762 15 381 1 30 14
WX-250UG 44 167 0.77 33 838 22 559 1¼ 60 27
WX-251UG 62 235 0.55 44 1118 22 559 1¼ 83 38

Wall Hung Model for VFD Systems
System
Tank Max. A B Shipping
Model Connection
Volume Acceptance Tank Height Tank Diameter Weight
Number (NPTM)
Factor
Gal Lit In mm In mm In Lbs Kg

WX-102VFD 4.4 17 0.55 15 381 12 305 ¾ 13 6

Pump Stand Models
System
Tank Max. A B Shipping
Model Connection
Volume Acceptance Tank Height Tank Width Weight
Number (NPTM)
Factor
Gal Lit In mm In mm In Lbs Kg

WX-102PS 4.4 17 0.55 12 305 15 381 ¾ 13 6
WX-105PS 5.3 20 0.80 12 305 18 457 ¾ 15 7
WX-110PS 7.4 28 0.56 12 305 23 584 ¾ 18 8
WX-200PS 14.0 53 0.81 16 406 22 559 1 29 13
WX-202PS 20.0 76 0.57 16 406 30 762 1 35 16
WX-202H 20.0 76 0.57 16 406 30 762 1 33 15
All dimensions and weights are approximate.

Job Name ______________________________________ Notes __________________________________

Engineer ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Contractor ______________________________________ _______________________________________

P.O. No. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Sales Rep. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Model No. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

6 Amtrol Inc., 1400 Division Road, West Warwick, RI 02893 USA T: 401.884.6300 www.amtrol.com MC 4400 (01/17)
WELL-X-TROL ®

Diaphragm Well Tanks: WX-200PA and WX-300PA Series with PRO ACCESS®

150 PSIG Working Pressure

Construction Application
Shell High Strength Steel • Controls pump cycling in residential
Diaphragm Heavy Duty Butyl well water systems.
Liner Antimicrobial • Can be installed indoors or outdoors.
B
System Connection Stainless Steel NPTF • PRO ACCESS provides piped
Finish Tuf-Kote™ HG Blue to stand convenience for
faster installation.
Water Circulator Turbulator™
Air Valve Projection Welded
Factory Precharge 38 PSIG (2.6 bar)
A

Performance
Maximum Operating Temperature 200°F (93°C)
Maximum Working Pressure 150 PSIG (10.3 bar)
Maximum Relief Valve Setting 125 PSIG (8.6 bar)
Warranty 7 Year

Stand Models
C System
Tank Max. A B D Shipping
Model Sys. Conn. Conn.
Volume Accept. Tank Height Tank Diameter Stand Diameter Weight
Number Centerline (NPTF)
Factor
Gal Lit In mm In mm In mm In mm In Lbs Kg

WX-202PA 20.0 76 0.57 32 813 15 381 1 ⁄32
19
40 12 304 1 33 15
WX-202XLPA 26.0 98 0.44 39 991 15 381 119⁄32 40 12 304 1 40 18
WX-203PA 32.0 121 0.35 47 1194 15 381 119⁄32 40 12 304 1 48 22
WX-205PA 34.0 129 1.00 30 762 22 559 115⁄16 49 12 304 1¼ 59 27
WX-250PA 44.0 167 0.77 36 914 22 559 1 ⁄16
15
49 20½ 521 1¼ 67 30
WX-251PA 62.0 235 0.55 47 1194 22 559 115⁄16 49 20½ 521 1¼ 88 40
WX-255PA 81.0 306 0.41 57 1448 22 559 115⁄16 49 20½ 521 1¼ 111 50
WX-302PA 86.0 326 0.54 47 1194 26 660 21⁄16 52 20½ 521 1¼ 108 49
WX-350PA 119.0 450 0.39 62 1575 26 660 2 ⁄16
1
52 20½ 521 1¼ 148 67
Available in Tan and Gray. Use suffix T or G.
All dimensions and weights are approximate.

Job Name ______________________________________ Notes __________________________________

Engineer ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Contractor ______________________________________ _______________________________________

P.O. No. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Sales Rep. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

Model No. ______________________________________ _______________________________________

MC 4400 (01/17) Amtrol Inc., 1400 Division Road, West Warwick, RI 02893 USA T: 401.884.6300 www.amtrol.com 7
TANK SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS

TANK SYSTEM

7.5-Gallon (28.4 Liters) 15-Gallon (56.8 Liters) 30-Gallon (113.6 Liters)

Tank System consists of the tank and pump and is built with Classic single head
adjustable or fixed, M128 or Econ series.

FEATURES
• Shipped pre-assembled for easy installation and convenience
Rain Roof • Includes rain roof to help protect motor (Classic series only)
Vertical mount over • Vertically mounted for solution containment
containment basin • Child resistant lid
• Polyethylene construction is lightweight and rugged
UV resistant gray or translucent white
Child Resistant Lid
MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
Tank Polyethylene, approved to NSF/ANSI 61
Lid with child resistant lock Polypropylene
Level Indicators Grommets Viton
Screws Stainless steel

SHIPPING WEIGHT AND BOX DIMENSIONS
Shipping Weight
Tank Size Classic Adjustable Box Dimensions
Classic Fixed Econ
or M128
7.5-Gallon 18 lbs (8.1 kg) 15 lbs (6.8 kg) 14 lbs (6.4 kg) 23 x 23 x 21 in. (58.4 x 58.4 x 53.3 cm)

15-Gallon 27 lbs (12.3 kg) 25 lbs (11.3 kg) 23 lbs (10.4 kg) 23 x 23 x 27 in. (58.4 x 58.4 x 68.6 cm)

30-Gallon 35 lbs (15.9 kg) 32 lbs (14.5 kg) 31 lbs (14 kg) 23 x 23 x 38 in. (58.4 x 58.4 x 96.5 cm)

PRODUCT DIMENSIONS
• 7.5-Gallon: 20.5 OD x 19.6 in. (52.1 OD x 49.8 cm)
• 15-Gallon: 20.5 OD x 25.3 in. (52.1 OD x 64.1 cm)
• 30-Gallon: 20.5 OD x 37.5 in. (52.1 OD x 95.3 cm)

FSPECSTS 0314
STENNER PUMP COMPANY
Jacksonville, Florida USA
www.stenner.com
© Stenner Pump Company All Rights Reserved

This information is not intended for specific application purposes. Stenner Pump Company reserves the right to make changes to prices, products, and specifications at any time without prior notice.
TANK SPECIFICATIONS

TANKS

7.5-Gallon (28.4 Liters) 15-Gallon (56.8 Liters) 30-Gallon (113.6 Liters)

TANK MODEL NUMBERS
30-Gallon FOR 45, 85 OR ECON * SERIES PUMPS includes screws and grommets
7.5-gallon gray STS7GC 7.5-gallon white STS7NC
15-gallon gray STS15GC 15-gallon white STS15NC
30-gallon gray STS30GC 30-gallon white STS30NC
15-Gallon
FOR SVP SERIES PUMPS includes screws and grommets
37 1/2"
7.5-gallon gray STS7G-02 7.5-gallon white STS7N-02
7.5-Gallon 15-gallon gray STS15G-02 15-gallon white STS15N-02
30-gallon gray STS30G-02 30-gallon white STS30N-02
25 1/4" MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
Tank Polyethylene, approved to NSF/ANSI 61
19 5/8"
Lid with child resistant lock Polypropylene
Grommets Viton
Screws Stainless steel

COLORS
UV resistant gray
Translucent white

DIMENSIONS AND SHIPPING WEIGHT
7.5-gallon 20 1/2 OD x 19 5/8 in. (52.1 OD x 49.9 cm); 9 lbs (4.1 kg)
15-gallon 20 1/2 OD x 25 1/4 in. (52.1 OD x 64.1 cm); 19 lbs (8.6 kg)
30-gallon 20 1/2 OD x 37 1/2 in. (52.1 OD x 95.3 cm); 26 lbs (11.8 kg)

* Econ Series tank mounting kit sold seperately.

FSPECSTS 0314
STENNER PUMP COMPANY
Jacksonville, Florida USA
www.stenner.com
© Stenner Pump Company All Rights Reserved

This information is not intended for specific application purposes. Stenner Pump Company reserves the right to make changes to prices, products, and specifications at any time without prior notice.
159
1
2016

R3912

141

26
R13

24
A 15

3812
2238
A 112

REVISION HISTORY
REV DESCRIPTION DATE AUTHOR
R2 A REDRAWN 6/28/2013 Michael Holden
DRAWN
1
534 Jerry Paulson 2/23/2001
CHECKED
NORWESCO, INC. SAINT BONIFACIUS, MN
TITLE
QA

MFG 10000 GALLON VERTICAL TANK
APPROVED
45
SIZE DWG NO REV

SECTION A-A FOB HANFORD, CA B A
SCALE: 1/16
SCALE 1:12 SHEET 1 OF 2
9
716

DRAWN
5
Jerry Paulson 2/23/2001
816 CHECKED
NORWESCO, INC. SAINT BONIFACIUS, MN
TITLE
QA

MFG 10000 GALLON VERTICAL TANK
APPROVED
SIZE DWG NO REV

B A
SCALE: 1/16
SHEET 2 OF 2
Appendix E

Cost Estimates
Alternative 1:  Centralized Reverse Osmosis Treatment and POU Lead Treatment

Item Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Reverse osmosis treatment unit, 6700 gpd capacity with pre‐ and post‐treatment,  1 LS $        18,750 $       18,750
installed, cip.
2 Installation for Centralized Treatment 1 LS $        50,000 $       50,000
3 10,000 gallon PE storage tank 1 LS $          5,600 $         5,600
4 100 gpm booster pump and hydropneumatic tank 1 LS $          7,000 $         7,000
5 Disinfection system (holding tank and adjustable peristaltic pump) 1 EA $             500 $            500
6 Point of use reverse osmosis units, 50 gpd, for individual taps, incl. installation 13 EA $             650 $         8,450
7 Treatment Building, 10'x12' Tuff Shed 1 LS $        15,000 $       15,000
8 Permitting and Operator services 1 LS $          8,000 $         8,000
$    113,300
Alternative 2:  Point of Use Reverse Osmosis at a Tap

Item Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Point of use reverse osmosis units, 50 gpd, for individual taps, incl. installation 74 EA $              500 $       37,000
$       37,000
Alternative 3:  Centralized Reverse Osmosis Treatment and Plumbing Replacement

Item Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Reverse osmosis treatment unit, 6700 gpd capacity with pre‐ and post‐treatment,  1 LS $        18,750 $       18,750
installed, cip.
2 Installation for Centralized Treatment 1 LS $        50,000 $       50,000
3 10,000 gallon PE storage tank 1 LS $          5,600 $         5,600
4 100 gpm booster pump and hydropneumatic tank 1 LS $          7,000 $         7,000
5 Disinfection system (holding tank and adjustable peristaltic pump) 1 EA $              500 $             500
6 Plumbing replacement 1 LS $        63,300 $       63,300
7 Treatment Building, 10'x12' Tuff Shed 1 LS $        15,000 $       15,000
8 Permitting and Operator services 1 LS $          8,000 $         8,000
$    168,150

Comments:
1. Plumbing replacement cost $1,750 per fixture
2. Plumbing replacement for all sinks in the buildings with elevated lead or copper
Alternative 4:  Centralized Reverse Osmosis Treatment and Corrosion Control

Item Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Reverse osmosis treatment unit, 6700 gpd capacity with pre‐ and post‐treatment,  1 LS $        18,750 $       18,750
installed, cip.
2 Installation for Centralized Treatment 1 LS $        50,000 $       50,000
3 10,000 gallon PE storage tank 1 LS $          5,600 $         5,600
4 100 gpm booster pump and hydropneumatic tank 1 LS $          7,000 $         7,000
5 Disinfection system (holding tank and adjustable peristaltic pump) 1 EA $              500 $             500
6 pH adjustment equipment (instrumentation, holding tank, pump) 1 LS $          1,050 $         1,050
7 Treatment Building, 10'x12' Tuff Shed 1 LS $        15,000 $       15,000
8 Permitting and Operator services 1 LS $          8,000 $         8,000
$    105,900
Alternative 5:  POU Reverse Osmosis Treatment at Each Building

Item Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Point of use reverse osmosis units, 1600 gpd, for each building, incl. installation 24 EA $          6,000 $     144,000
$     144,000
Alternative 6:  Combination POU Reverse Osmosis

Item Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Point of use reverse osmosis units, 1600 gpd, for each building with a shower, incl.  14 EA $          6,000 $       84,000
installation
2 Point of use reverse osmosis units, 50 gpd, for each tap in the remaining buildings and  12 EA $              500 $         6,000
classrooms, incl. installation
$       90,000
Alternative 7:  Combination POU Reverse Osmosis/GAC Filtration and Plumbing Replacement

Item Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Plumbing replacement 1 LS 63300 $       63,300
2 Point of use reverse osmosis units, 50 gpd, for each tap in the remaining buildings and  18 EA $              500 $         9,000
classrooms, incl. installation
3 Point of use granular activated carbon units, 1 gpm, for each tap in the remaining buildings  28 EA $              130 $         3,640
and classrooms, incl. installation
$       75,940
Estimated Annual Operating and Maintenance Costs
Alternative #1 ‐ Centralized Reverse Osmosis Treatment and POU Lead Treatment

# Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Labor 35 hrs $                20 $       700
2 Parts and Repairs 1 LS $          2,000 $    2,000
3 Electricity 4154 kW $            6.00 $  24,934
4 Annual Replacement Cost 1 LS $          6,294 $    6,294
5 Sodium Hypochlorite, 10% solution 200 gal $            2.50 $       500
6 Antiscalant 45 lb $             140 $    6,300
7 RO Skid 5µm filters 12 EA $                17 $       204
8 Membranes, pre‐filters for central RO 1 LS $             600 $       600
9 Contract Operator Services 1 LS $        10,000 $  10,000
10 POU RO Filter replacement 13 EA $             126 $    1,638
11 POU Pre‐filter replacement 78 EA $                  9 $       702
$  53,873

Comments: 
1. Anticipated service life  18 years
2.  RO system membranes and prefilters must be replaces every 3 years, total cost of replacement $750
5 RO membranes 1750 583.3333
3.  Installed cost  $            113,300
4. Sodium Hypochlorite, 10%, estimated cost. $2.09/gal + shipping Industrial Chemicals Corporation in Abq
This estimate is the bulk price for a barrel of NaClO
5.  Sodium Hydroxide, cost per 55 gallon drum $                 5,133 = $          93.33
https://www.avantorinc.com/commerce/product.aspx?id=2147508156
Estimated with shipping: $              100.00
Estimated Annual Operating and Maintenance Costs
Alternative # 2 ‐ Point of Use Reverse Osmosis at a Tap

# Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Labor 130 hrs $           25 $    3,238
2 Parts and Repairs 1 LS $      1,000 $    1,000
3 Annual Replacement Cost 1 LS $      1,850 $    1,850
4 RO Filter replacement 74 EA $         126 $    9,324
5 Pre‐filter replacement 444 EA $              9 $    3,996
$  19,408

Comments: 
1. Anticipated service life  20 years
2. RO filters must be replaced annually, $126/ea.
3. Pre‐filters need to be replaced every 4 months, 2 in each POU system, $9/ea. 
4. Installed cost $                   37,000
Estimated Annual Operating and Maintenance Costs
Alternative #3 ‐ Centralized Reverse Osmosis Treatment and Plumbing Replacement

# Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Labor 24 hrs $                20 $         480
2 Parts and Repairs 1 LS $          2,000 $      2,000
3 Electricity 4154 kW $            6.00 $   24,934
4 Annual Replacement Cost 1 LS $          9,342 $      9,342
5 Sodium Hypochlorite, 10% solution 200 gal $            2.50 $         500
6 Antiscalant 45 lb $             140 $      6,300
7 RO Skid 5µm filters 12 EA $                17 $         204
8 Membranes, pre‐filters 1 LS $             600 $         600
9 Contract Operator Services 1 LS $        10,000 $   10,000
$   54,360

Comments: 
1. Anticipated service life  18 years
2.  RO system membranes and prefilters must be replaces every 3 years, total cost of replacement $750
5 RO membranes 1750 583.3333
3.  Installed cost  $            168,150
4. Sodium Hypochlorite, 10%, estimated cost. $2.09/gal + shipping Industrial Chemicals Corporation in Abq
This estimate is the bulk price for a barrel of NaClO
5.  Sodium Hydroxide, cost per 55 gallon drum $                 5,133 = $          93.33
https://www.avantorinc.com/commerce/product.aspx?id=2147508156
Estimated with shipping: $              100.00
Estimated Annual Operating and Maintenance Costs
Alternative #4 ‐ Centralized Reverse Osmosis Treatment and Corrosion Control

# Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Labor 24 hrs $                20 $             480
2 Parts and Repairs 1 LS $          2,000 $          2,000
3 Electricity 4154 kW $            6.00 $        24,934
4 Annual Replacement Cost 1 LS $          5,295 $          5,295
5 Sodium Hypochlorite, 10% solution 200 gal $            2.50 $             500
6 Antiscalant 45 lb $             140 $          6,300
7 Sodium Hydroxide, 25% solution 280 gal $             100 $        28,000
8 RO Skid 5µm filters 12 EA $                17 $             204
9 Membranes, pre‐filters 1 LS $             600 $             600
10 Contract Operator Services 1 LS $        10,000 $        10,000
$        78,313

Comments: 
1. Anticipated service life  20 years
2.  RO system membranes and prefilters must be replaces every 3 years, total cost of replacement $750
5 RO membranes 1750 583.3333
3.  Installed cost  $            105,900
4. Sodium Hypochlorite, 10%, estimated cost. $2.09/gal + shipping Industrial Chemicals Corporation in Abq
This estimate is the bulk price for a barrel of NaClO
5.  Sodium Hydroxide, cost per 55 gallon drum $                 5,133 = $          93.33
https://www.avantorinc.com/commerce/product.aspx?id=2147508156
Estimated with shipping: $              100.00
Estimated Annual Operating and Maintenance Costs
Alternative # 5 ‐ POU Reverse Osmosis Treatment at Each Building

# Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Labor 192 hrs $           25 $    4,800
2 Parts and Repairs 1 LS $      1,000 $    1,000
3 Annual Replacement Cost 1 LS $      7,200 $    7,200
4 RO Filter replacement 96 EA $         573 $  55,008
5 Pre‐filter replacement 144 EA $              9 $    1,296
$  69,304

Comments: 
1. Anticipated service life  20 years
2. RO filters must be replaced annually, $126/ea.
3. Pre‐filters need to be replaced every 3 months, 2 in each POU system, $9/ea. 
4. Installed cost $            144,000
Estimated Annual Operating and Maintenance Costs
Alternative # 6 ‐ Combination POU Reverse Osmosis

# Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Labor 112 hrs $           25 $    2,800
2 Parts and Repairs 1 LS $      1,000 $    1,000
3 Annual Replacement Cost 1 LS $      4,500 $    4,500
4 RO Filter replacement, 1600 gpd 56 EA $         573 $  32,088
5 RO Filter replacement, 50 gpd 12 EA $         125 $    1,500
6 Pre‐filter replacement 156 EA $              9 $    1,404
$  43,292

Comments: 
1. Anticipated service life  20 years
2. RO filters must be replaced annually, $126/ea.
3. Pre‐filters need to be replaced every 4 months, 2 in each POU system, $9/ea. 
4. Installed cost $              90,000
Estimated Annual Operating and Maintenance Costs
Alternative 7:  Combination POU Reverse Osmosis/GAC Filtration and Plumbing Replacement

# Description Qty Unit Unit Cost Ext Cost
1 Labor 100 hrs $           25 $    2,500
2 Parts and Repairs 1 LS $      1,000 $    1,000
3 Annual Replacement Cost 1 LS $      3,797 $    3,797
5 RO Filter replacement 18 EA $         126 $    2,268
6 RO Pre‐filter replacement 108 EA $              9 $       972
7 GAC filter replacement 56 EA $           50 $    2,800
$  13,337

Comments: 
1. Anticipated service life  20 years
2. RO filters must be replaced annually, $126/ea.
3. Pre‐filters need to be replaced every 4 months, 2 in each POU system, $9/ea. 
4. Installed cost $              75,940