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Part 1. Load Estimating | Chapter 8.

Applied Psychrometrics

where wrm = room moisture content, gr/lb of dry air 3. For Apparatus Dewpoint Below Freezing. The latent
Wadp = moisture content at apparatus dewpoint, gr/lb heat of fusion of the moisture removed is not included in
of dry air the calculation of apparatus dewpoint below freezing or
trm = room dry-bulb temperature in the calculation of room load, in order to simplify
tadp = apparatus dewpoint temperature estimating procedures. Use the same equation as in
0.244 = specific heat of moist air at 55 F dewpoint, Btu Note 1. The selection of equipment on a basis of 16 to
per deg F per lb of dry air 18 hour operating time provides a safety factor large
1076 = average heat removal required to condense enough to cover the omission of this latent heat of
one pound of water vapor from the room air fusion, which is a small part of the total load.
7000 = grains per pound.
2. For High Elevations. For effective sensible heat factors
at high elevations, see Table 66.

TABLE 66- EQUIVALENT EFFECTIVE SENSIBLE HEAT FACTORS FOR VARIOUS ELEVATIONS*
For use with sea level psychrometric chart or tables
Effective
Sensible Heat Elevation (Feet) and Barometric Pressure (Inches of Hg) at Installation
Factor from Air 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000
Conditioning (28.86) (27.82) (26.82) (25.84) (24.89) (23.98) (23.09) (22.12) (21.39) (20.57)
Load Estimate Equivalent Effective Sensible Heat Factor Referred to a Sea Level Psychrometric Chart or Tables
.95 .95 .95 .95 .96 .96 .96 .96 .96 .96 .96
.90 .90 .91 .91 .91 .92 .92 .92 .92 .93 .93
.85 .85 .86 .86 .87 .87 .88 .88 .88 .89 .89
.80 .81 .81 .82 .82 .83 .83 .84 .84 .85 .85
.75 .76 .76 .77 .78 .78 .79 .80 .80 .81 .81
.70 .71 .72 .72 .73 .74 .75 .75 .76 .77 .77
.65 .66 .67 .68 .68 .69 .70 .71 .71 .72 .73
.60 .61 .62 .63 .64 .64 .65 .66 .67 .68 .69
.55 .56 .57 .58 .59 .60 .61 .61 .62 .63 .64
.50 .51 .52 .53 .54 .55 .56 .57 .57 .58 .59
*Values obtained by use of equation equation was derived on this basis. The room wet-bulb
1 temperature must not be used because the wet-bulb
ESHFe = temperature corresponding to any particular condition, for
(p1) (1 – ESHF) example, 75 F db, 40% rh, at a high elevation is lower (except
+1
(po) (ESHF) for saturation) than that corresponding to the same condition
(75 F db, 40% rh) at sea level. For the same value of room
where po = barometric pressure at sea level relative humidity and dry-bulb temperature, and the same
p1 = barometric pressure at high elevation apparatus dew-point, there is a greater difference in moisture
ESHF = ESHF obtained from air conditioning load content between the two conditions at high elevation than at
estimate sea level. Therefore, a higher apparatus dewpoint is required
ESHFe = equivalent ESHF referred to a sea level at high elevation for a given effective sensible heat factor.
psychrometric chart or Table 66 2. Air conditioning load estimate (See Fig. 44). The factors 1.08
and .68 on the air conditioning load estimate should be
NOTES FOR TABLE 66: (p )
1. The required apparatus dewpoint for the high elevation is multiplied by the direct ratio of the barometric pressures (p1) .
o
determined from the sea level chart or Table 65 by use of the
equivalent effective sensible heat factor. The relative humidity Using this method, it is assumed that the air quantity (cfm) is
and dry-bulb temperature must be used to define the room measured at actual conditions rather than at standard air
condition when using this table because the above conditions. The outdoor and room moisture contents, grains
per pound, must also be corrected for high elevations.
3. Reheat-Where the equivalent effective sensible heat factor is
lower than the shaded values in Table 65, reheat is required.