ISBN : 9789386146373
Chemical Kinetics C-1
Chapter
18 Chemical Kinetics
1. Units of rate constant of first and zero order reactions in 8. For the reaction system : [2003]
terms of molarity M unit are respectively [2002] 2 NO(g ) + O 2 (g) 2 NO 2 (g) volume is
(a) sec1 , Msec1 (b) sec1, M
suddenly reduced to half its value by increasing the pressure
(c) Msec1 , sec1 (d) M, sec1.
on it. If the reaction is of first order with respect to O 2 and
2. For the reaction A + 2B C, rate is given by second order with respect to NO, the rate of reaction will
R = [A] [B]2 then the order of the reaction is [2002] (a) diminish to one-eighth of its initial value
(a) 3 (b) 6 (b) increase to eight times of its initial value
(c) 5 (d) 7. (c) increase to four times of its initial value
3. The differential rate law for the reaction [2002] (d) diminish to one-fourth of its initial value
H2 + I2 2HI is 9. In a first order reaction, the concentration of the reactant,
d[ H 2 ] d[ I 2 ] decreases from 0.8 M to 0.4 M is 15 minutes. The time taken
d[ HI ]
(a) - =- =- for the concentration to change from 0.1 M to 0.025 M is
dt dt dt
(a) 7.5 minutes (b) 15 minutes [2004]
d[ H 2 ] d[ I 2 ] 1 d[ Hl ] (c) 30 minutes (d) 60 minutes
(b) = = 10. The rate equation for the reaction 2A + B C is found to
dt dt 2 dt
be: rate = k[A][B]. The correct statement in relation to this
1 d[H 2 ] 1 d[I 2 ] d[Hl] reaction is that the [2004]
(c) = =-
2 dt 2 dt dt (a) rate of formation of C is twice the rate of disappearance
of A
d[ H 2 ] d[ I 2 ] d[ HI ]
(d) -2 = -2 = (b) t1 / 2 is a constant
dt dt dt
(c) unit of k must be s1
4. If half-life of a substance is 5 yrs, then the total amount of
(d) value of k is independent of the initial concentrations
substance left after 15 years, when initial amount is 64 grams of A and B
is [2002]
11. The half-life of a radioisotope is four hours. If the initial
(a) 16 grams (b) 2 grams mass of the isotope was 200 g, the mass remaining after 24
(c) 32 grams (d) 8 grams. hours undecayed is [2004]
5. The integrated rate equation is [2002] (a) 3.125 g (b) 2.084 g
Rt = log C0 - logCt. (c) 1.042 g (d) 4.167 g
The straight line graph is obtained by plotting 12. A reaction involving two different reactants can never
1 be [2005]
(a) time vs logCt (b) vs C (a) bimolecular reaction (b) second order reaction
time t
(c) first order reaction (d) unimolecular reaction
1 1 13. A schematic plot of ln K eq versus inverse of temperature
(c) time vs Ct (d) vs
time Ct for a reaction is shown below [2005]
6. The half-life of a radioactive isotope is three hours. If the 6.0
initial mass of the isotope were 256 g, the mass of it remaining
ln Keq
dc dc
= k [ A][ B ] = k [ A]
2
(c) (d)
dt dt
log a0
38. The half-life period of a first order reaction is 15 minutes.
(a) one (b) zero The amount of substance left after one hour will be:
(c) two (d) three [Online April 9, 2014]
31. The activation energy for a reaction which doubles the rate 1
(a) of the original amount
when the temperature is raised from 298 K to 308 K is 4
[Online May 26, 2012]
1 (b) 1 of the original amount
(a) 59.2 kJ mol (b) 39.2 kJ mol1
1 8
(c) 52.9 kJ mol (d) 29.5 kJ mol1
32. The rate of a reaction doubles when its temperature changes 1
(c) of the original amount
from 300 K to 310 K. Activation energy of such a reaction 16
will be : (R = 8.314 JK1 mol1 and log 2 = 0.301) [2013]
1
(a) 53.6 kJ mol 1 (b) 48.6 kJ mol1 (d) of the original amount
1
32
(c) 58.5 kJ mol (d) 60.5 kJ mol1
39. In the reaction of formation of sulphur trioxide by contact
33. The instantaneous rate of disappearance of MnO4 ion in
the following reaction is 4.56 103 Ms1 process 2SO2 + O2 2SO3 the rate of reaction was
2MnO4 + 10I + 16H+ 2Mn2+ + 5I2 + 8H2O measured as
The rate of appearance I2 is : [Online April 9, 2013] d [O2 ]
(a) 4.56 10 Ms 4 1 (b) 1.14 102 Ms1 = -2.5 10-4 mol L-1s -1 . The rate of reaction is
3 1
dt
(c) 1.14 10 Ms (d) 5.7 103 Ms1 terms of [SO2] in mol L1 s1 will be:
34. The reaction X Y is an exothermic reaction. Activation [Online April 11, 2014]
energy of the reaction for X into Y is 150 kJ mol1. Enthalpy (a) 1.25 104 (b) 2.50 104
of reaction is 135 kJ mol1. The activation energy for the (c) 3.75 104 (d) 5.00 104
reverse reaction, Y X will be : [Online April 22, 2013]
C-4 Chemistry
40. For the reaction, 2N2O5 4NO2 + O2, the rate equation 42. For the reaction,
d [ N 2 O5 ] 3A + 2B C + D,
can be expressed in two ways - = k [ N 2 O5 ] and the differential rate law can be written as:
dt
[Online April 19, 2014]
d [ NO 2 ]
+ = k [ N 2 O5 ] 1 d [ A ] d [C]
= k [ A ] [ B]
n m
dt (a) =
3 dt dt
k and k are related as: [Online April 11, 2014]
(a) k = k (b) 2k = k d [A ] d [ C]
= k [A ] [ B]
n m
(b) - =
(c) k = 2k (d) k = 4k dt dt
41. The rate coefficient (k) for a particular reactions is
1.3 104 M1 s1 at 100C, and 1.3 103 M1 s1 at 1 d [A] d [C]
= k [ A ] [ B]
n m
(c) + =-
150C. What is the energy of activation (EA) (in kJ) for this 3 dt dt
reaction? (R = molar gas constant = 8.314 JK1 mol1)
[Online April 12, 2014] 1 d [A ] d [C]
= k [ A ] [ B]
n m
(d) - =
(a) 16 (b) 60 3 dt dt
(c) 99 (d) 132
Chemical Kinetics C-5