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CHEMICAL KINETICS

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ISBN : 9789386146373
Chemical Kinetics C-1

Chapter

18 Chemical Kinetics
1. Units of rate constant of first and zero order reactions in 8. For the reaction system : [2003]
terms of molarity M unit are respectively [2002] 2 NO(g ) + O 2 (g) 2 NO 2 (g) volume is
(a) sec1 , Msec1 (b) sec1, M
suddenly reduced to half its value by increasing the pressure
(c) Msec1 , sec1 (d) M, sec1.
on it. If the reaction is of first order with respect to O 2 and
2. For the reaction A + 2B C, rate is given by second order with respect to NO, the rate of reaction will
R = [A] [B]2 then the order of the reaction is [2002] (a) diminish to one-eighth of its initial value
(a) 3 (b) 6 (b) increase to eight times of its initial value
(c) 5 (d) 7. (c) increase to four times of its initial value
3. The differential rate law for the reaction [2002] (d) diminish to one-fourth of its initial value
H2 + I2 2HI is 9. In a first order reaction, the concentration of the reactant,
d[ H 2 ] d[ I 2 ] decreases from 0.8 M to 0.4 M is 15 minutes. The time taken
d[ HI ]
(a) - =- =- for the concentration to change from 0.1 M to 0.025 M is
dt dt dt
(a) 7.5 minutes (b) 15 minutes [2004]
d[ H 2 ] d[ I 2 ] 1 d[ Hl ] (c) 30 minutes (d) 60 minutes
(b) = = 10. The rate equation for the reaction 2A + B C is found to
dt dt 2 dt
be: rate = k[A][B]. The correct statement in relation to this
1 d[H 2 ] 1 d[I 2 ] d[Hl] reaction is that the [2004]
(c) = =-
2 dt 2 dt dt (a) rate of formation of C is twice the rate of disappearance
of A
d[ H 2 ] d[ I 2 ] d[ HI ]
(d) -2 = -2 = (b) t1 / 2 is a constant
dt dt dt
(c) unit of k must be s1
4. If half-life of a substance is 5 yrs, then the total amount of
(d) value of k is independent of the initial concentrations
substance left after 15 years, when initial amount is 64 grams of A and B
is [2002]
11. The half-life of a radioisotope is four hours. If the initial
(a) 16 grams (b) 2 grams mass of the isotope was 200 g, the mass remaining after 24
(c) 32 grams (d) 8 grams. hours undecayed is [2004]
5. The integrated rate equation is [2002] (a) 3.125 g (b) 2.084 g
Rt = log C0 - logCt. (c) 1.042 g (d) 4.167 g
The straight line graph is obtained by plotting 12. A reaction involving two different reactants can never
1 be [2005]
(a) time vs logCt (b) vs C (a) bimolecular reaction (b) second order reaction
time t
(c) first order reaction (d) unimolecular reaction
1 1 13. A schematic plot of ln K eq versus inverse of temperature
(c) time vs Ct (d) vs
time Ct for a reaction is shown below [2005]
6. The half-life of a radioactive isotope is three hours. If the 6.0
initial mass of the isotope were 256 g, the mass of it remaining
ln Keq

undecayed after 18 hours would be [2003]


(a) 8.0 g (b) 12.0 g
(c) 16.0 g (d) 4.0 g
2.0
7. In respect of the equation k = Ae - E a / RT in chemical 1.5 10 - 3 1 (K -1 ) 2.0 10 - 3
T
kinetics, which one of the following statements is correct ? The reaction must be
(a) A is adsorption factor [2003] (a) highly spontaneous at ordinary temperature
(b) Ea is energy of activation (b) one with negligible enthalpy change
(c) R is Rydbergs constant (c) endothermic
(d) k is equilibrium constant (d) exothermic
C-2 Chemistry
14. t 1 can be taken as the time taken for the concentration of 20. Consider the reaction, 2A + B products. When
4 concentration of B alone was doubled, the half-life did not
3 change. When the concentration of A alone was doubled,
a reactant to drop to of its initial value. If the rate constant
4 the rate increased by two times. The unit of rate constant
t
for a first order reaction is K, the 1 can be written as for this reaction is [2007]
4
(a) s 1 (b) L mol1 s1
(a) 0.75/K (b) 0.69/K [2005]
(c) no unit (d) mol L1 s1.
(c) 0.29/K (d) 0.10/K
21. A radioactive element gets spilled over the floor of a room.
15. Consider an endothermic reaction X Y with the
Its half-life period is 30 days. If the initial velocity is ten
activation energies E b and E f for the backward and times the permissible value, after how many days will it be
forward reactions, respectively. In general [2005] safe to enter the room? [2007]
(a) there is no definite relation between E b and E f (a) 100 days (b) 1000 days
(c) 300 days (d) 10 days.
(b) E b = Ef
1
(c) E b > Ef 22. For a reaction A 2B, rate of disappearance of A is
2
(d) Eb < Ef related to the rate of appearance of B by the expression
[2008]
16. A reaction was found to be second order with respect to
the concentration of carbon monoxide. If the concentration d[A] 1 d[B] d[A] 1 d[B]
(a) = (b) =
of carbon monoxide is doubled, with everything else kept dt 2 dt dt 4 dt
the same, the rate of reaction will [2006]
d[A ] d[B] d[A] d[B]
(a) increase by a factor of 4 (c) = (d) =4
dt dt dt dt
(b) double
23. The half life period of a first order chemical reaction is 6.93
(c) remain unchanged
minutes. The time required for the completion of 99% of the
(d) triple chemical reaction will be (log 2 = 0.301) [2009]
17. Rate of a reaction can be expressed by Arrhenius equation (a) 23.03 minutes (b) 46.06 minutes
as : [2006]
E/RT
(c) 460.6 minutes (d) 230.03 minutes
k =Ae
24. The time for half life period of a certain reaction A
In this equation, E represents Products is 1 hour. When the initial concentration of the
(a) the total energy of the reacting molecules at a reactant A, is 2.0 mol L1, how much time does it take for
temperature, T its concentration to come from 0.50 to 0.25 mol L1 if it is a
(b) the fraction of molecules with energy greater than the zero order reaction ? [2010]
activation energy of the reaction (a) 4 h (b) 0.5 h
(c) the energy above which all the colliding molecules will (c) 0.25 h (d) 1 h
react 25. Consider the reaction :
(d) the energy below which all the colliding molecules will Cl 2 (aq) + H 2S(aq) S(s) + 2H + (aq) + 2Cl - (aq)
react
The rate equation for this reaction is
18. The following mechanism has been proposed for the rate = k[Cl 2 ][H 2S]
reaction of NO with Br 2 to form NOBr :
Which of these mechanisms is/are consistent with this rate
NO(g) + Br2(g) NOBr2(g) equation? [2010]
+ - +
A. Cl 2 + H 2S H + Cl + Cl + HS (slow) -
NOBr 2 (g ) + NO (g )
2 NOBr ( g )
If the second step is the rate determining step, the order of Cl + + HS- H + + Cl- + S (fast)
the reaction with respect to NO(g) is [2006]
B. H 2S H + + HS- (fast equilibrium)
(a) 3 (b) 2
(c) 1 (d) 0 Cl 2 + HS- 2Cl - + H + + S (Slow)
19. The energies of activation for forward and reverse reactions (a) B only (b) Both A and B
for A2 + B2 2AB are 180 kJ mol1 and 200 kJ mol1 (c) Neither A nor B (d) A only
respectively. The presence of a catalyst lowers the activation 26. A reactant (A) froms two products : [2011RS]
energy of both (forward and reverse) reactions by 100 kJ A
k
1 B, Activation Energy Ea
1
mol 1 . The enthalpy change of the reaction k
(A2 + B2 2AB) in the presence of a catalyst will be (in kJ A
2
C, Activation Energy Ea2
mol1) [2007] If Ea2 = 2 Ea1, then k1 and k2 are related as :
(a) 20 (b) 300 (a) k2 = k1e Ea1 / RT (b) k2 = k1e Ea2 / RT
(c) 120 (d) 280 (c) k1 = Ak2e Ea1 / RT (d) k1 = 2k2e Ea2 / RT
Chemical Kinetics C-3
27. For a first order reaction (A) products the concentration (a) 280 kJ mol1 (b) 285 kJ mol1
of A changes from 0.1 M to 0.025 M in 40 minutes. (c) 270 kJ mol1 (d) 15 kJ mol1
The rate of reaction when the concentration of A is 0.01 M 35. The rate constant of a zero order reaction is 2.0 10 2 mol
is : [2012] L1 s1. If the concentration of the reactant after 25 seconds
(a) 1.73 105 M/min (b) 3.47 104 M/min is 0.5 M. What is the initial concentration ?
(c) 3.47 105 M/min (d) 1.73 104 M/min [Online April 23, 2013]
28. Reaction rate between two substance A and B is expressed (a) 0.5 M (b) 1.25 M
as following: (c) 12.5 M (d) 1.0 M
rate = k[A]n[B]m
36. A radioactive isotope having a half - life period of 3 days
If the concentration of A is doubled and concentration of B
was received after 12 days. If 3g of the isotope is left in the
is made half of initial concentration, the ratio of the new rate
container, what would be the initial mass of the isotope ?
to the earlier rate will be:[Online May 7, 2012, Offline 2003]
[Online April 25, 2013]
(a) m + n (b) n m
(a) 12g (b) 36g
1
(c) (d) 2( n - m ) (c) 48g (d) 24g
2( m +n)
37. For the non - stoichiometric reaction 2A + B C + D, the
29. In a chemical reaction A is converted into B. The rates of
following kinetic data were obtained in three separate
reaction, starting with initial concentrations of A as
experiments, all at 298 K.
2 103 M and 1 103 M, are equal to 2.40 104 Ms1
and 0.60 104 Ms1 respectively. The order of reaction
with respect to reactant A will be [Online May 12, 2012] Initial Initial Initial rate of
Concentration Concentration formation of C
(a) 0 (b) 1.5 1 1
(A ) (B ) (mol L s )
(c) 1 (d) 2
3
30. For a reaction A Products, a plot of log t1/2 versus log a0 0.1 M 0.1 M 1.2 10
is shown in the figure. If the initial concentration of A is 0.1 M 0.2 M 1.2 10
3

represented by a0, the order of the reaction is 0.2 M 0.1 M 2.4 10


3

[Online May 19, 2012]


The rate law for the formation of C is: [2014]
dc dc
= k [ A][ B ] = k [ A] [ B ]
2
(a) (b)
log t1/2 45 dt dt

dc dc
= k [ A][ B ] = k [ A]
2
(c) (d)
dt dt
log a0
38. The half-life period of a first order reaction is 15 minutes.
(a) one (b) zero The amount of substance left after one hour will be:
(c) two (d) three [Online April 9, 2014]
31. The activation energy for a reaction which doubles the rate 1
(a) of the original amount
when the temperature is raised from 298 K to 308 K is 4
[Online May 26, 2012]
1 (b) 1 of the original amount
(a) 59.2 kJ mol (b) 39.2 kJ mol1
1 8
(c) 52.9 kJ mol (d) 29.5 kJ mol1
32. The rate of a reaction doubles when its temperature changes 1
(c) of the original amount
from 300 K to 310 K. Activation energy of such a reaction 16
will be : (R = 8.314 JK1 mol1 and log 2 = 0.301) [2013]
1
(a) 53.6 kJ mol 1 (b) 48.6 kJ mol1 (d) of the original amount
1
32
(c) 58.5 kJ mol (d) 60.5 kJ mol1
39. In the reaction of formation of sulphur trioxide by contact
33. The instantaneous rate of disappearance of MnO4 ion in
the following reaction is 4.56 103 Ms1 process 2SO2 + O2 2SO3 the rate of reaction was
2MnO4 + 10I + 16H+ 2Mn2+ + 5I2 + 8H2O measured as
The rate of appearance I2 is : [Online April 9, 2013] d [O2 ]
(a) 4.56 10 Ms 4 1 (b) 1.14 102 Ms1 = -2.5 10-4 mol L-1s -1 . The rate of reaction is
3 1
dt
(c) 1.14 10 Ms (d) 5.7 103 Ms1 terms of [SO2] in mol L1 s1 will be:
34. The reaction X Y is an exothermic reaction. Activation [Online April 11, 2014]
energy of the reaction for X into Y is 150 kJ mol1. Enthalpy (a) 1.25 104 (b) 2.50 104
of reaction is 135 kJ mol1. The activation energy for the (c) 3.75 104 (d) 5.00 104
reverse reaction, Y X will be : [Online April 22, 2013]
C-4 Chemistry
40. For the reaction, 2N2O5 4NO2 + O2, the rate equation 42. For the reaction,
d [ N 2 O5 ] 3A + 2B C + D,
can be expressed in two ways - = k [ N 2 O5 ] and the differential rate law can be written as:
dt
[Online April 19, 2014]
d [ NO 2 ]
+ = k [ N 2 O5 ] 1 d [ A ] d [C]
= k [ A ] [ B]
n m
dt (a) =
3 dt dt
k and k are related as: [Online April 11, 2014]
(a) k = k (b) 2k = k d [A ] d [ C]
= k [A ] [ B]
n m
(b) - =
(c) k = 2k (d) k = 4k dt dt
41. The rate coefficient (k) for a particular reactions is
1.3 104 M1 s1 at 100C, and 1.3 103 M1 s1 at 1 d [A] d [C]
= k [ A ] [ B]
n m
(c) + =-
150C. What is the energy of activation (EA) (in kJ) for this 3 dt dt
reaction? (R = molar gas constant = 8.314 JK1 mol1)
[Online April 12, 2014] 1 d [A ] d [C]
= k [ A ] [ B]
n m
(d) - =
(a) 16 (b) 60 3 dt dt
(c) 99 (d) 132
Chemical Kinetics C-5

Hints & Solutions


1. (a) For a zero order reaction. 8. (b) r = k [O2][NO]2. When the volume is reduced to 1/2,
rate =k[A] i.e. rate = k the conc. will double
hence unit of k = M.sec1 \ New rate = k [2O2][2 NO]2 = 8 k [O2][NO]2
For a first order reaction. The new rate increases to eight times of its initial.
rate = k [A] 9. (c) As the concentration of reactant decreases from 0.8
k = M.sec1/M = sec1
to 0.4 in 15 minutes hence the t1 / 2 is 15 minutes. To
o
2. (a) NOTE Order is the sum of the power of the fall the concentration from 0.1 to 0.025 we need two
concentrations terms in rate law expression. half lives i.e., 30 minutes.
Hence the order of reaction is = 1 + 2 = 3 10. (d) The velocity constant depends on temperature only. It
is independent of concentration of reactants.
1 d [ HI]
3. (d) rate of appearance of HI = n
2 dt 1
11. (a) Nt = N 0 where n is number of half life periods.
2
-d H 2
rate of formation of H2 =
dt Total time 24
n= = =6
-d [ I 2 ] half life 4
rate of formation of I2 =
dt 6
1
\ N t = 200 = 3.125g .
-d [ H 2 ] d [ I2 ] 1 d [ HI] 2
hence =- =
dt dt 2 dt 12. (d) The molecularity of a reaction is the number of reactant
molecules taking part in a single step of the reaction.
2d [ H 2 ] 2d [ I2 ] d [ HI]
or =- = NOTE The reaction involving two different reactant
dt dt dt
4. (d) t1/2 = 5 years, T = 15 years hence total number of half can never be unimolecular.
13. (d) The graph show that reaction is exothermic.
life periods = 15 = 3 .
5 -DH
log k = +1
\ Amount left = 64 = 8g RT
( 2) 3 For exothermic reaction DH < 0
5. (a) Rt = log Co log Ct
It is clear from the equation that if we plot a graph 1
\ log k Vs would be negative straight line with
between log Ct and time, a straight line with a slope T
positive slope.
k
equal to and intercept equal to log [Ao] will
2.303 2.303 1 2.303 4
14. (c) t1/ 4 = log = log
be obtained. K 3/ 4 K 3
6. (d) t1/2 = 3hrs. T = 18 hours Q T = n t1/ 2 2.303
= (log 4 - log 3)
18 K
\n= =6
3 2.303
Initial mass (C0) = 256 g = (2 log 2 - log 3)
K
C0 256 256
\ Cn = = = = 4g. 2.303 0.29
2 n
( 2) 6 64 = (2 0.301 - 0.4771) =
K K
7. (b) In equation k = Ae - E a / RT ; 15. (d) Enthalpy of reaction (DH) = Ea Ea
(f) (b)
A = Frequency factor for an endothermic reaction DH = +Ve hence for DH to
k = velocity constant, R = gas constant and Ea = energy be negative
of activation Ea < Ea
(b) (f)
C-6 Chemistry
16. (a) Since the reaction is 2nd order w.r.t CO. Thus, rate law 1 d
is given as. or [B] with respect to B
2 dt
r = k [CO]2
From the above, we have
Let initial concentration of CO is a i.e. [CO] = a
\ r1 = k (a)2 = ka2 d 1 d
2 [A] = [B]
when concentration becomes doubled, i.e.[CO] = 2a dt 2 dt
\ r2 = k (2a)2 = 4ka2 \ r2 = 4r1 d 1 d
So, the rate of reaction becomes 4 times. or [A] = [B]
dt 4 dt
17. (c) In Arrhenius equation k = A eE/RT, E is the energy of
i.e., correct answer is (b)
activation, which is required by the colliding molecules
to react resulting in the formation of products. 23. (b) For first order reaction,
18. (b) (i) NO(g) + Br2(g) NOBr2(g) 2.303 100
k= log
t 100 - 99
(ii) NOBr2 (g ) + NO (g )
2 NOBr ( g )
Rate law equation = k[NOBr2] [NO] 0.693 2.303 100
= log
But NOBr2 is intermediate and must not appear in the 6.93 t 1
rate law equation
0.693 2.303 2
=
[NOBr2 ] 6.93 t
from Ist step K C =
[NO] [Br2 ] t = 46.06 min
\ [NOBr2] = KC [NO] [Br2] 24. (c) For the reaction
\ Rate law equation = k . KC [NO]2 [Br2] A Product
hence order of reaction is 2 w.r.t. NO. given t1/ 2 = 1 hour
19. (a) DH R = E f - E b = 180 200 = 20 kJ/mol for a zero order reaction
The nearest correct answer given in choices may be
tcompletion =
[ A0 ] = initial conc.
obtained by neglecting sign. k rate constant
0.693
20. (b) For a first order reaction t1/ 2 =
K
i.e. for a first
\ t1/ 2 =
[ A0 ]
2k
order reaction t1/ 2 does not depend up on the
concentration. From the given data, we can say that
or k =
[ A0 ] =
2
= 1 mol lit 1 hr1
order of reaction with respect to B = 1 because change 2 t1/ 2 2 1
in concentration of B does not change half life.
Further for a zero order reaction
Order of reaction with respect to A = 1 because rate of
reaction doubles when concentration of B is doubled dx change in concentration
keeping concentration of A constant. k= =
dt time
\ Order of reaction = 1 + 1 = 2 and units of second
order reaction are L mol1 sec1. 0.50 - 0.25
1=
21. (a) Suppose activity of safe working = A time
Given A0 = 10A \ time = 0.25 hr.
0.693 0.693 25. (d) Since the slow step is the rate determining step hence
l= = if we consider option (1) we find
t1/ 2 30
Rate = k [ Cl2 ][ H 2S]
2.303 A 2.303 10A
t = log 0 = log Now if we consider option (2) we find
l A 0.693 / 30 A
Rate = k [ Cl2 ] HS
-
2.303 30
...(1)
= log10 = 100 days.
0.693 From equation (i)
22. (b) The rates of reactions for the reaction H + HS-
1
A 2B k=
2 H 2S
can be written either as
- k [ H 2 S]
d or HS =
-2 [A] with respect to A H+
dt
Chemical Kinetics C-7
Substituting this value in equation (1) we find 30. (b) Plot given is for zero order reaction.
31. (a) Activation energy can be calculated from the
Rate = k [ Cl2 ] K
[ H 2S] = k ' [ Cl2 ][ H 2S] equation.
H+ H+
log K 2 Ea 1 1
=
hence only , mechanism (1) is consistent with the given log K1 2.303 R T2 T1
rate equation.
log K 2
26. (c) k1 = A1e- Ea1 / RT .........(i) Given = 2 T2 = 308; T1 = 208
log K1
k2 = A2 e- Ea2 / RT ........(ii) Ea 1 1
\ log 2 =
On dividing eqn (i) from eqn. (ii) 2.303 8.314 308 208
k1 A Ea = 52.9 kJ mol1
= 1 ( Ea1 - Ea1 ) / RT ........(iii)
k 2 A2 32. (a) Activation energy can be calculated from the equation

Given Ea2 = 2 Ea1 log k2 - Ea 1 1


= -
log k1 2.303 R T2 T1
On substituting this value in eqn. (iii)
Ea / RT k2
k1 = k2 A e 1 Given = 2 ; T2 = 310 K ; T1 = 300 K
k1
27. (b) For a first order reaction
- Ea 1 1
2.0303 a 2.303 0.1 = log 2 = -
k= log = log 2.303 8.314 310 300
t a-x 40 0.025
Ea = 53598.6 J/mol = 53.6 kJ/mol.
2.303 2.303 0.6020
= log 4 = dMnO-4
40 40 33. (b) Given - = 4.56 103 Ms1
dt
= 3.47 10 2 From the reaction given,
R = k (A)1 = 3.47 102 0.01
= 3.47 104 1 dMnO 4 4.56 10 -3
- = Ms-1
28. (d) Rate1= k[A]n [B]m 2 dt 2
m
1 1 d MnO4- 1 d I2
Rate2 = k[2A]n 2 B - =
2 dt 5 dt
m
1
k[2A]n B m 5 dMnO-4 dI2
Rate 2 2 1 \ - =
\ = = (2)n 2 dt dt
Rate1 k [A] [B]m
n 2
On substituting the given value
= 2n
. (2)m
= 2nm dI2 4.56 10-3 5
29. (d) A B \ = = 1.14 102 M/s
dt 2
Initial concentration Rate of reaction
34. (b) X Y ; DH = 135 kJ/mol,
2 103 M 2.40 104 Ms1 Ea = 150 kJ/mol
1 10 M3 0.60 104 Ms1 For an exothermic reaction
rate of reaction Ea(F.R.) = DH + Ea(B.R.)
r = k[A]x 150 = 135 + Ea(B.R.)
where x = order of reaction Ea(B.R.) = 285 kJ/mol
hence 35. (d) For a zero order reaction
2.40 104 = k [2 103]x ......(i)
a-x
0.60 104 = k [1 103]x ......(ii) Rate constant = k =
t
On dividing eqn.(i) from eqn. (ii) we get
4 = (2)x a - 0.5
2 102 =
\ x=2 25
a 0.5 = 0.5
i.e. order of reaction = 2
a = 1.0 M
C-8 Chemistry
36. (c) Given t1/2 = 3 Where N0 = initial amout
Total time T = 12 N = amount left after time t
12 hence the amount of substance left after 1 hour will
No. of half lives (n) = =4
3 1
be
16
n
1 N 39. (d) From rate law
=
2 No
1 dSO2 dO 1 dSO3
- =- 2 =
4 2 dt dt 2 dt
\ 1 3
=
2 N dSO 2 dO
\- = -2 2
3 1 dt dt
=
N 16 = 2 2.5 104
N = 48 g = 5 104 mol L1 s1
40. (b) Rate of disappearance of reactant = Rate of appearance
d [C ]
37. (d) Let rate of reaction = = k[A]x [B]y of products
t
Now from the given data 1 d [ N 2 O5 ] 1 d [ NO2 ]
- =
1.2 10 3 = k [0.1]x[0.1]y .....(i) 2 dt 4 dt
1.2 10 3 = k [0.1]x[0.2]y .....(ii)
2.4 10 3 = k [0.2]x[0.1]y .....(iii) 1 1
k [ N 2O5 ] = k [ N 2 O5 ]
Dividing equation (i) by (ii) 2 4

1.2 10-3 k[0.1]x [0.1] y k k


= =
-3 x y 2 4
1.2 10 k [0.1] [0.2]
We find, y = 0 \ k = 2k
Now dividing equation (i) by (iii) 41. (b) According to Arrhenius equation

1.2 10-3 k[0.1]x [0.1] y k2 Ea 1 1


= log = -
2.4 10 -3 x
k [0.2] [0.1] y k1 2.303R T1 T2
We find, x = 1
1.3 10 -3 Ea 1 1
d [C ] log = -
Hence = k[ A]1 [ B ]0 1.3 10 -4 2.303 8.314 373 423

dt
38. (c) Given t1 2 = 15 minutes Ea 1 1
1= 373 - 423
Total time (T ) = 1 hr = 60 min 2.303 8.314
From T = n t1 2 Ea = 60 kJ / mole
60 42. (d) For the reaction
n= =4
15 3A + 2B C+D
n
N 1 Rate of disappearance of A = Rate of appearance of C
Now from the formula =
N0 2 reaction
4 1 d [ A] d [ C ]
= k [ A] [ B ]
1 1 n m
= = =- =
2 16 3 dt dt