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Problem 211 A bronze bar is fastened between a steel bar and an aluminum bar as shown in Fig. p-211. Axial loads are applied at the positions indicated. Find the largest value of P that will not exceed an overall deformation of 3.0 mm, or the following stresses: 140 MPa in the steel, 120 MPa in the bronze, and 80 MPa in the aluminum. Assume that the assembly is suitably braced to prevent buckling. Use Est = 200 GPa, Eq = 70 GPa, and Ep, = 83 GPa. Steel Bronze ‘lu 2 2 minum A= 480mm? A= 650 mm’ A= 320mm? P 2P 10m 2.0m 15m Figure P -211 Ps =P Based on allowable stresses: Steel: Pap = 054 Ast P = 140(480) = 67 200N P=67.2kN Bronze: Po = Cor Abr 2P = 120(650) = 78000N P=39000N = 39kN Aluminum: Pu = Gat Aat 2P = 80(320) — 25 600N P=12800N = 12.8kN Based on allowable deformation: (steel and aluminum lengthens, bronze shortens) 5 = Sy — Sip + Sat P(1000) 2P(2000) 2P(1500) 780(200000) 650(83000) * 320(70000) =(1 2 3 3= (sam ~ 350% + sim) P P = 42733.52 N = 42.73kN Use the smallest value of P, P = 12.8 KN