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An answer sheet
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You may NOT use a dictionary

Do NOT open this paper until you are told to do so.

Try to answer ALL the questions.


Read each question carefully

Select the correct answer and then mark your selection on your answer
Only mark one answer for each question

Page 1 of 14
Part One

Read the article below. Then look at the questions on the following page and
select the best heading (A B C or D) for each of the numbered paragraphs.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.



The maximum human lifespan has not increased significantly since the Stone Age. Although average
life spans have increased dramatically in the last few hundred years, the maximum age we can expect
to reach is around one hundred. Humans have a long life compared to most other animals. In
general, the bigger an animal the longer it lives, but there are exceptions the tarantula can reach 28
years and some deep-sea clams have a recorded lifespan of 100 years.


Since the dawn of time, man has agonised over the meaning of life and death, but it is a biological fact
that the evolution of species depends on the death of individual creatures. If a new generation,
incorporating improvement, is to flourish, the previous generation must get out of the way. In other
words, a species benefits if its members are programmed to die. Many plants, for example, die
immediately after they have scattered their seeds and animals that reproduce only once in their lives,
for example most insects, generally die immediately afterwards.


Animals that breed repeatedly during their lives, larger mammals for instance, do not have such a
sharply defined time of death, but they do deteriorate as they age. It is wrong to think of ageing as an
illness. Ageing is a process that goes on over the entire passage of an adult lifespan and is as much
a part of living as infancy, childhood and adolescence. The effects which are popularly associated
with ageing, such as physical weakness or loss of mental ability, are in fact the effects of disease and
not ageing itself.


The ageing process starts on a cellular level and it is to the cells that scientists investigating ageing
first turn their attention. Cells are like chemical factories, manufacturing substances essential for
themselves and the body. One theory of ageing, the mutation theory, is that chance errors build up
over time. If the cell is one of those types that reproduces itself, these errors will be passed on to the
new cells and some errors will arise in the copying process. These errors build up until the cells
cannot work properly.


Doctors specialising in gerontology (the study of ageing) have discovered that the biological make-up
of a fit 60 year old is hardly different from that of a fit 30 year old. Correct diet, moderate exercise and
not smoking will help to avoid diseases of the heart and lungs. Similarly, the decline in mental powers
among many old people is often made worse by lack of stimulation. In many cases this can follow
from loneliness, poverty and not having enough to do. Many people who age successfully make
conscious efforts to maintain mental alertness by continuing to learn and continuing to meet and talk
with other people.

Page 2 of 14
Part One (continued)

1. A Life is Short
B The Meaning of Life
C Life Expectancy
D How to Live Longer

2. A Why Plants Die

B Making Way for the Next Generation
C Individual Creatures
D The Natural World

3. A Ageing is Natural
B Coping with Ageing
C Age Before Beauty
D Ageing and Disease

4. A Looking After Your Body

B Building Cells
C Reproduction
D How Ageing Occurs

5. A Diet in Old Age

B Slowing the Ageing Process
C Stay Fit at Thirty
D Growing Old

(5 marks)

Page 3 of 14
Part Two

Read the article Ageing again and decide if the following statements are true
(A) false (B) or not mentioned in the text (C). Mark your answers on your
answer sheet.

6. In the Stone Age, men did not live much longer than forty years.
A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

7. Without exception, bigger animals live longer.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

8. Death is a necessary part of evolution.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

9. All insects die immediately after reproduction.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

10. Ageing is an illness.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

11. The effects of disease are sometimes mistaken for the effects of ageing.
A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

12. The mutation theory tries to explain how we age.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

13. The mutation theory was discredited recently.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

14. The study of ageing is called gerontology.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

15. The biological make-up of a sixty year old is the same as that of a thirty year
A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

(10 marks)

Page 4 of 14
Part Three

Choose the word or words (A, B, C or D) that are closest in meaning to the
underlined words s from the article Ageing. Mark your answers on your
answer sheet.

16. significantly A at all

B moderately
C absolutely
D much

17. flourish A do badly

B decline
C do well
D nourish

18. deteriorate A grow

B get worse
C get better
D decorate

19. essential A necessary

B successful
C additional
D disposable

20. hardly A scarcely

B strongly
C simply
D ironically

(5 marks)

Page 5 of 14
Part Four

Read this article on Healthy Food and select the correct word (A B C or D) from
the choices on the next page to fill each of the numbered gaps. Mark your
answers on your answer sheet.

For the past decade parents have been 21_____________

with information about nutrition in the press and on television,

some of which is quite alarming. Such scare stories always

make parents 22_________________ for their childrens health and it is especially

worrying when much of this information is 23____________: for example, some

nutritionists say that children need the protein that meat gives to our diet, others that

eating especially red meat is bad for our health.

Many parents worry that their children will be short of essential nutrients when they

announce their 24_______________ to become vegetarian. 25

_________, eating a

vegetarian diet can be just as healthy as a meat-based one, and can be a lot
_____________, but only if you eat a wide variety of foods 27_______________

plenty of fruit and vegetables, starchy carbohydrates such as pasta, rice, bread and

potatoes as well as pulses and nuts.

Too much _____________ on processed foods, even if they are vegetarian, or too

much cheese, which is very high in saturated fat, would not provide the same kind of

health 29_________________. So a vegetarian diet is not

______________ a healthy one: its a matter of getting the right


Page 6 of 14
Part Four (continued)

21. A bombarded 26. A healthily

B beaten B healthy
C bearded C healthier
D bloated D healthiest

22. A conceited 27. A including

B concerned B involving
C contrived C enclosing
D concealed D revolving

23. A conflicting 28. A defiance

B contriving B tolerance
C contrasting C appearance
D controlling D reliance

24. A contentions 29. A problems

B detentions B benefits
C inventions C concerns
D intentions D matters

25. A Suddenly 30. A successfully

B However B similarly
C Therefore C necessarily
D Furthermore D momentarily

(10 marks)

Page 7 of 14
Part Five

In the following sentences one of the words underlined needs to be replaced

by another word or words. Select the word that needs to be replaced (A, B, C,
or D) and mark your answer on your answer sheet.

31. I think I ought(A) to try somewhere else(B), I dont like neither(C) of these(D).

32. If you taken (A) a short cut(B) through the village you will get(C) there sooner(D).

33. If Id brought(A) my camera I couldve(B) made(C) some incredible(D)


34. Was he allow(A) to take both(B) his dogs on(C) holiday with(D) him?

35. Their car is still(A) there, so(B) they cant have leave(C) yet(D).

(5 marks)

Page 8 of 14
Part Six

Fill the blanks with the correct form of the verb by selecting A B C or D. Mark
your answers on your answer sheet.

Hello, Mum. I know 36___________ you when I arrived last night but I
was so worried about my interview that it completely slipped my

36. A I should phone B I will have phoned

C I will phone D I should have phoned

Thats understandable, Maggie, 37_______________ very

nervous last night. So, tell me about it, how did it go?

37. A you must be B you must have been

C you should have been D you will be

It was dreadful, 38______________ mistakes. If only

_____________. Im sure they wont offer me a place on the

38. A I keep doing B I kept making

C I have been making D I kept doing

39. A I was better prepared B Ive been better prepared

C Id been better prepared D Id been best prepared

Dont worry, 40___________________about something,

arent you? If you want my advice just forget about it until
they let you know. When do you expect to hear from them?

40. A youre always worrying B you worry

C youve worried D you always worried

Page 9 of 14
Part Six (continued)

They said theyd write to me next week, but I dont think I can wait
that long. I 41_________________________ them to phone me as
soon as 42_________________.

41. A want to have asked B will have asked

C must have asked D should have asked

42. A they are deciding B they will decide

C theyve decided D they should decide

Just be patient. Im sure theyll offer you a place and this

time next year 43_______________________ the course
and then with any luck 44_____________________ a good

43. A you have finished B you will have finished

C you will finished D you finish

44. A you have got B you are getting

C youll be having D youll be able to get

Thats true. If I had a good job I 45____________________ to rent

my own place and give you and Dad some peace! Anyhow, Ill be
home soon whats for dinner?

45. A could afford B can afford

C will afford D must afford

(10 marks)

Page 10 of 14
Part Seven

Read this article on Hollywood and decide if the statements on the following
page are true (A) false (B) or not mentioned in the text (C). Mark your answers
on your answer sheet.

It was the sunny climate of Southern California that

attracted film producers to a stretch of desert outside
Los Angeles at the start of the twentieth century.
The prospect of 350 days of sunshine a year meant
that film production could continue without worrying
about bad weather, thus making it more effective.

Cecil B De Milles film, The Squaw Man, released in 1914, is generally regarded as the
first feature film to be produced in Hollywood. Other production companies soon followed.
Douglas Fairbanks, a star of silent films, founded United Artists. He and his wife, Mary
Pickford, became the king and queen of Hollywood, giving extravagant parties at their
grand home, Pickfair, attended by all the famous stars of the day, such as Charlie
Chaplin and Rudolph Valentino.

Valentino almost exclusively played romantic roles in films like The Sheik, made in 1921.
He was idolised for his good looks and could be regarded as the first superstar. When he
died of peritonitis at the height of his career, thousands attended his funeral.

The search for a practical sound film process had been going on since the beginning of
the century, but it wasnt until 1927 that talking pictures came to Hollywood, the first
being The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson. The first words spoken on screen in front of
astounded audiences were, Wait a minute. You aint heard nothin yet!

The use of colour tints for dramatic effect was common in the early days of Hollywood, in
films such as The Birth of a Nation. Later there were experiments using red and green
filters, a process that was gradually improved until the advent of full Technicolor in the film
Becky Sharp, made in 1935. Here three colours, (red, green and blue) were used and put
together to form other colours.

Hollywoods first great cartoon character, Gertie the Dinosaur, made her debut in 1914,
the creation of a New York cartoonist, Windsor Mc Cay. But in 1928, cartoon films were
revolutionised by Walt Disneys Steamboat Willie. This was not only the first cartoon film
with sound but it introduced the immortal Mickey Mouse.

The cinemas fondness for horror began in 1910 when Edison studios made a version of
Frankenstein based on the nineteenth century Gothic novel by Mary Shelley. In the 1920s
Germany dominated the horror film scene with films like Nosferatu, a version of Bram
Stokers Dracula. The British actor Boris Karloff appeared in Frankenstein with sound in
1931. For his role as the monster, Karloff had to spend seven hours a day having his
grotesque make-up applied.

Today, Hollywood is not the film industrys only centre of excellence, but it will always be
known as the dream factory of cinemas golden years.

Page 11 of 14
Part Seven (continued)

46. It rarely rains in Hollywood.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

47. Bad weather pushes up the cost of filming.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

48. Douglas Fairbanks was born in Hollywood.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

49. Charlie Chaplin never went to parties at Pickfair.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

50. Rudolph Valentino had a full and varied Hollywood career

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

51. The Jazz Singer was the first talking picture.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

52. Windsor Mc Cay and Walt Disney were good friends.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

53. The Birth of a Nation used full Technicolor.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

54. Mickey Mouse made his first appearance in 1928.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

55. Boris Karloff played the monster in Frankenstein.

A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

(10 marks)

Page 12 of 14
Part Eight

Read the text below and then answer the questions on the following page. Mark
your answers (A, B, C or D) on your answer sheet.

The government has promised us solutions to the problem of youth

crime this year. They have said they will be tough on crime and
on those who break the rules. But how are they going to enforce
these rules? They say that they will prosecute the parents of
children who dont attend school, but how are they going to get
those very children who dont turn up to school, to attend?

I believe we must start by asking ourselves, why do young people turn to crime in
the first place? I believe we need to get to the root of the problem and the
problem boils down to failings in the education system which, in turn, affect job

As Director of the Alliance for Youth Development. I agree with the governments
plans to toughen up the Criminal Justice System, and I agree with them that this
must be accompanied by more employment and better education for all young
people in Britain. We must stop the growing petty theft and yob culture that often
invites our young men and women into crime.

And the good news is that we are winning the battle.

Last year there was a reduction in the number of street
crimes, especially in the north west of England.
Manchester police and social services carried out over
400 truancy sweeps, making thousands of students who
otherwise would be wandering the streets, go back to school.

But more is needed. Parents need to be more involved in their

childrens lives, as active guardians who will work alongside local and
national organisations, to make a difference to the way young people
see themselves and the way society sees them. Together we can
make a difference

Page 13 of 14
Part Eight (continued)

56. This text is mostly about

A Children not going to school

B Unemployment in Britain
C Teenagers relationships with their parents
D How to solve the problem of Youth Crime in Britain

57. According to the text, what is the root of the problem with young people?

A The governments plans

B Lack of leisure facilities
C Poor education limits job prospects
D Police and social services

58. Which of these statements is true about the text?

A The government is going to do nothing to help solve the youth problem

B The government cannot solve the youth problem alone
C The government has caused all the problems for young people
D The government believes parents have caused the problem for young

59. What does the Director think of the petty theft and yob culture in Britain?

A It is increasing teenagers dislike for crime

B It is increasing invitations from teenagers
C It is increasing crime against teenagers
D It is increasing crime amongst teenagers

60. The tone of this text is

A Amusing
B Serious
C Light hearted
D Sad

(5 marks)

Page 14 of 14 Education Development International plc