Toshiba

Current Date: 30/04/2017 10:49 a.m.
Units system: Metric

Design Results
Retaining wall
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GENERAL INFORMATION:

Design Code : ACI 318-2011

Geometry
Wall type : Cantilever

Retained height H : 11.00 [m] Wall height above retained soil Hf : 0.00 [m]
Base depth Df : 4.00 [m] Use key : No
Top toe length Ttl : 2.65 [m] Toe thickness Tt : 1.23 [m]
Bottom toe length Btl : 0.60 [m]
Top heel length Thl : 4.35 [m] Heel thickness Ht : 1.23 [m]
Base material : Concrete

Front batter (H:V) : 0.11
Stem thickness at base Bt : 200.00 [cm]
Stem blocks number : 1

Block Bot. Thickness Top. Thickness Height Material
[cm] [cm] [m]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 200.00 80.00 11.00 Concrete
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Materials
Description : Concrete
Concrete, f'c : 0.28 [Ton/cm2]
Steel, fy : 4.22 [Ton/cm2]
Elasticity modulus : 253.46 [Ton/cm2]
Unit weight : 2.40 [Ton/m3]

Soil
Modulus of subgrade reaction : 3150.00 [Ton/m3]
Backfill slope : 15.00 [°]

Page1

00 [cm] Longitudinal reinforcement Element Size Spacing Pos Axis Dist1 Dist2 Hook1 Hook2 [cm] [m] [m] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Toe #7 9.05 [m] Maximum Rho/Rho balanced ratio : 0.00 Ext.00 0. 30.6LL+1.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Loads: Backfill surcharge : 20.00 30.95 Yes No ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Development and splice lengths Element Diameter Ld Ldh L.00 2000. 2 -4. 3 -1.2DL+1.00 [Ton/m2] Load conditions included in the design: Service Load Combinations: S1 = DL+LL+H Strength Design Load Combinations: R1 = 1. Base #4 177 5.00 [m] Undermining depth : 0. 1 -2.00 5. Splice L. Saturated U. phi c Friction Ko [Ton/m3] [Ton/m3] [°] [kg/m2] wall/soil ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Base Soil 1.27 No No Heel #7 5.00 Int.00 138.00 Int.00 8.57 4.W.00 -- Soil1 1.00 1000.00 Ext.6H Steel reinforcement bars: Stem free cover : 0.27 No No Stem #5 10.00 Int.00 [m] Page2 .00 8.25 25.84 Heel #7 138.00 [Ton/m2] Surcharge over toe : 6.05 [m] Base free cover : 0.00 Ext.00 45.84 Stem #5 61.00 22.00 Int.75 Round longitudinal bar lengths to : 1.00 79.00 30.75 2.00 12. Stem #5 110 10.Description U.75 -. Stem #5 110 10.00 179.W.57 6. total [cm] [cm] [cm] [m] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Toe #7 106.17 10.34 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Horizontal reinforcement Element Diameter Nr @ Position [cm] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Base #4 177 5. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Assumptions Active pressures calculation method : Rankine Consider tension zone in active pressures : No Use resistant soil pressures for overturning : Passive Calculation method for lateral soil pressures : Boussinesq Calculation method for soil bearing pressures : Hansen Use vertical component of soil pressures for overturning : No Use vertical component of soil pressures for sliding : No Use vertical component of soil pressures for bearing : No Frost depth : 0.

00 292.00 6.50 Surcharge over heel (W3) 87.96 3.78 Weight of soil over toe (W5) 13.83 593.38 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Calculation of destabilizing forces Description Force Distance Moment [Ton] [m] [Ton*m] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Heel horizontal soil pressure (Pah) 121.78 189.19 1.50 Allowable safety factor for sliding : 1.09 Stem weight (W7) 36.74 6.38 Toe horizontal soil pressure against overturning (Pp) 106.83 571.50 119. Insufficient safety factor for bearing capacity Insufficient section to resist shear or torsional forces (Toe) Vu > phi*Vn (Toe) Insufficient section to resist shear or torsional forces (Heel) Vu > phi*Vn (Heel) Insufficient section to resist shear or torsional forces (Stem) Mu > phi*Mn (Stem) Asreq > Asprov (Stem) Vu > phi*Vn (Stem) Asmin > Asprov (Stem) Calculation of resisting forces Description Force Distance Moment [Ton] [m] [Ton*m] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Weight of soil over heel (W1) 83.64 1.06 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 268.07 Surcharge over toe (W6) 16.40 Base weight (W9) 26.50 Allowable safety factor for bearing capacity : 2.39 23.44 7.83 1504.91 144.00 Page3 .19 1.40 Vertical component of active pressure (Pav) 32.46 4.51 Weight of sloped soil over heel (W2) 4.RESULTS: Status : N.53 9.55 33.40 5.68 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Global stability Allowable safety factor for overturning : 1. G.66 686.76 Toe horizontal soil pressure against sliding (Pp) 106.40 19.60 1.78 189.

29 -142.00 3.42 43.00 0.00 9. Dist [Ton] [Ton] [Ton] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 0% 121.35 10 90% 13.46 5 40% 116.34 103.00 0.51 77.00 9.34 6 50% 116.39 0.51 77.43 3 20% 100.05 0.51 29.00 9.29 4 30% 88.87 103.63 1.01 5.00 0.81 [cm2] Minimum shrinkage and temperature reinforcement : 24.33 103.39 0.00 169.86 0.63 0.41 33.78 686.51 77.51 77.86 0. Defl [kg/m2] [kg/m2] SF [Ton*m] [Ton*m] SF [Ton] [Ton] SF [cm] S1 76355.00 9.86 0. 0.29 -322.52 9 80% 27.01 5.01 5.02 183.39 0.82 103.50 [cm2] Station Vu Vc f*Vn Vu/(f*Vn) Nr.25 -322.00 -33.00 C 0% 116.02 183.00 0.39 0.59 7.00 13.45 77.60 4 30% 116.63 1.36 5.00 6.63 0.13 9 80% 116.26 103.00 0.86 0.02 183.00 0.39 0.13 2.51 77.00 25.02 183.18 Page4 . Cap.63 1.51 77.00 44.25 -222.00 0.17 5.02 183.59 Bending and Shear per element Element: Toe Station d Mu[Ton*m] f*Mn[Ton*m] Asreq [cm2] Asprov [cm2] sb [cm] Mu/(f*Mn) Nr.02 183.65 33.58 77.Load case qu qnmax Bear.23 -322.51 71. -.66 171.00 1.39 0.00 14.00 1.36 0.39 0.63 1.00 10.63 0.39 0.00 39.37 1. Res F Slid F Slid.21 37879.51 121.72 [cm] Base transverse reinforcement: Top reinforcement : 25.01 5.51 77.32 0.97 39.51 77. Dist [cm] neg pos neg pos ext int ext int ext int 1 0% 116.39 0.86 103.84 -59.00 0. RM OTM Overt.63 -300.37 80.43 77.84 7 60% 53.09 10 90% 116.55 5.86 0.00 6 50% 65.00 7.92 Maximum allowed spacing between bars : 45.00 9.05 103.39 0.01 5.32 103.00 85.39 0.07 77.63 0.00 9.75 3 20% 116.68 8 70% 40.81 [cm2] Bottom reinforcement : 25.01 5.40 3.00 0.00 -.00 32.36 0.56 2 10% 110.98 5.00 138.11 77.83 1693.43 77.00 0.29 103.06 11 100% 116.47 379.39 0.00 169.00 110.02 103.25 -322.51 77.32 -322.00 9.86 0.00 9.78 126.02 -322.42 43.68 2.00 9.02 -322.00 0.00 0.14 5 40% 77.17 8 70% 116.00 16.00 0.69 52.42 43.01 5.02 183.42 43.42 43.00 0.86 0.92 2 10% 116.63 0.00 0.00 63.36 33.42 43.00 39.47 77.63 1.42 43.00 9.00 28.24 7 60% 116.05 18.00 0.00 9.00 0.00 19.51 77.

39 -51.84 2 10% 116.01 5.00 77.00 9.00 0.86 6.86 64.00 77.00 26.84 Maximum allowed spacing between bars : 45.01 5.39 -13.00 77.00 9.00 77.63 1.00 9.39 -109.00 -112.42 43.29 0.34 6 50% 116.00 -245.49 0.02 183.00 -322.00 104.96 0.00 77.37 0.00 9.32 0.42 43.00 77.02 183.86 17.42 43.39 -145.00 0.48 5.72 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- C 0% 121.09 9 80% 116.00 0.00 -322.00 9.01 5.39 -78.11 100% 0.00 C 0% 116.49 0.00 77.92 0.00 9.00 77.00 0.00 58.86 53.39 -226.06 10 90% 116.05 138.86 25.00 0.36 33.70 3 20% 116.42 43.00 -33.86 64.00 9.51 0.42 43.00 9.01 5.00 0.00 0.51 77.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.06 0.42 43.02 183.02 183.23 5.02 183.88 63.00 -322.49 78.00 9.01 5.00 0.07 14.42 43.43 0.45 5 40% 116.79 0.32 103.00 0.59 0.36 0.56 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Element: Heel Station d Mu[Ton*m] f*Mn[Ton*m] Asreq [cm2] Asprov [cm2] sb [cm] Mu/(f*Mn) Nr.02 183.42 43.00 -322.00 5.11 0.39 -271.86 43.00 9.02 32.00 -322.72 [cm] Page5 .00 -322.00 0.00 -322.01 5.00 9.72 0.01 5.42 43.01 5.24 7 60% 116.73 0.02 183.86 33.00 77.15 0.00 -322.02 183.01 5.93 3.57 4 30% 116.39 -184.16 8 70% 116.00 0.60 0.39 -271. Dist [cm] neg pos neg pos ext int ext int ext int 1 0% 116.86 11.39 -3.00 0.00 -322.00 0.00 0.39 0.39 -29.72 0.96 0.28 0.86 0.72 0.03 11 100% 116.02 183.

10.92 82.48 0.19 0.58 0.51 77.14 0.39 10 90% 15.00 415.45 0.00 -.17 103. 10.61 0.00 [cm2] Page6 .00 -.63 0.00 0.00 1.00 C 0% 194.85 0.00 40.00 20.00 20.43 103.59 5 40% 146.00 -.00 -.98 6 50% 134.00 0.07 103.66 -51.43 91.87 7 60% 55.00 0.00 0.93 146.63 -43. 10.00 20.63 1.00 4.21 0.00 -.51 77.00 4.21 0.70 -24.00 2.00 11.98 8 70% 110.51 77.00 693.96 103. 10.00 145.49 -29.00 -.00 693. 10.60 -88.56 9 80% 30.00 217.21 0.00 543.14 -59.51 77.11 5 40% 77.75 Maximum allowed spacing between bars : 45.00 0.08 11 100% 74.23 0.37 0.43 103.51 77.25 103.37 109.00 0.00 20.59 9 80% 98.00 98.68 0.23 0.63 1.75 2 10% 182.21 0.00 -.63 1.58 137.21 0.00 -.00 -14.76 -78.20 11 100% 0. 10.82 64.21 103.00 20.30 3 20% 94.00 0.45 7 60% 122.00 -.00 -.22 103.48 0.00 20.49 78.52 0.51 77.79 0.51 77.21 0.34 0.00 1.00 3.60 -88.39 -68.00 81.37 2 10% 100.00 [cm2] Interior reinforcement : 20.00 0.00 20.90 0.21 0.81 103.00 6 50% 67.00 4.65 103.00 307.63 1.21 0.00 52.98 -18.01 0. 10.37 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Element: Stem (Block 1) Station d Mu[Ton*m] f*Mn[Ton*m] Asreq [cm2] Asprov [cm2] sb [cm] Mu/(f*Mn) Nr. Dist [cm] neg pos neg pos ext int ext int ext int 1 0% 194.00 48.12 0.00 66.00 29.00 19.58 100.63 0. 10.21 0.21 0. Dist [Ton] [Ton] [Ton] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 0% 106.05 73.00 5.51 77. 10. 10.68 -36.56 0.80 118.72 8 70% 43.21 0.00 -.66 103.00 98.58 0.21 4 30% 86.00 20. 10.72 [cm] Stem transverse reinforcement: Exterior reinforcement : 20.87 127.00 20.00 20.25 4 30% 158.00 -.93 146.00 [cm2] Minimum shrinkage and temperature reinforcement : 40.63 0.70 0.51 77.51 77.63 0.12 0.00 89.00 20.21 0.51 77.00 1.00 3.Station Vu Vc f*Vn Vu/(f*Vn) Nr.00 104.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- C 0% 106.97 3 20% 170. 10.23 14.63 1.63 0.00 20.12 0.63 1.68 0.00 0.28 10 90% 86.

53 1.13 2 10% 126.35 89.30 10 90% 9.16 11 100% 0.67 140.71 129.70 105.51 0.35 151.34 65. * For bending and shear design. Page7 .51 0.15 98.53 0.70 50.71 129. * The required reinforcement for bending takes into account the minimum reinforcement ratio given by Code. Station Vu Vc f*Vn Vu/(f*Vn) Nr.01 73.95 4 30% 89.52 0.75 6 50% 57.53 1.00 66.21 130.38 172.02 97.13 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Notes * The soil beneath the wall is considered elastic and homogeneous. the critical section is adopted at the support faces and axial forces are not considered.54 8 70% 31. Dist [Ton] [Ton] [Ton] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 0% 146.25 162.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- C 0% 146.50 0.52 0. * Shear reinforcement is not considered.95 108.37 113.04 121.57 87.85 5 40% 73.50 0.38 172.65 7 60% 43.42 9 80% 19.68 81.66 57.04 3 20% 107.51 0. A linear variation of pressures is adopted.21 76.53 1.97 119.02 0.

If the bar ends with a hook. considering the reduction due to the development length as described previously. it considers the Ldh length. the bars will contribute to the bending capacity an amount proportional to their actual length / their full development length. * Asprov is the provided reinforcement. * ResF = Resisting force. Defl = Deflection.Ldh = Development length of each bar. Page8 .* Values shown in red are not in compliance with a provision of the code * Ld. SlidF = Sliding force. *qef = Initial effective stress at foundation level prior to loading. qnmax=qmax-qef * SF = Safety factor. * If the section at which member flexural strength is being calculated is within the development length of a group of bars. * sb = Free distance between bars. Hansen or Vesic ultimate soil bearing capacity. OTM = Overturning moment. *qnmax = Maximum pressure at foundation base. *qu = Meyerhof. RM = Resisting moment.