Madness and Modern Civilization

Fall 2009 History B4403 Tues 6:50-8:30 NAC 5123

Prof. Andreas Killen Office: NAC 5/128A Tel: (212) 650-7454 Office Hours: T 5:30-6:30

This course examines social, cultural, and institutional aspects of the history of madness in modern Europe and America. Beginning with the age of the so-called “Great Confinement,” the course considers the institutional and therapeutic reforms of the revolutionary and post-revolutionary era; the rise of theories of degeneration, hysteria and neurasthenia in the second half of the 19th century; psychoanalysis; war neurosis and military psychiatry; psychiatry under the Nazis; psychiatry and the legacy of imperialism; the anti-psychiatry movement; and contemporary bio-psychiatry.

Required Texts All texts can be purchased at the College Bookstore. Edward Shorter, A History of Psychiatry Elaine Showalter, The Female Malady Sigmund Freud, Five Lectures on Psycho-Analysis Sigmund Freud, Dora: Analysis of a Case of Hysteria Pat Barker, Regeneration In addition, there is a course pack. Other readings will be made available as necessary, either through handouts or selected web-sites.

Assignments and Grades Students will be required to write three papers and write a take-home final. Attendance and participation are mandatory. Frequent absences will result in a lower grade, and any student who misses three meetings without permission will fail the course. Deadlines will be strictly enforced. Late papers will be penalized one grade for every day the paper is late, and no extensions or incompletes will be granted without a doctor’s note. Plagiarism will not be tolerated; for definitions and examples, see the CUNY Policy on Academic Integrity: ( Final grades will be based on the following: class participation (20%); three papers (60%); final exam (20%). Students interested in extra credit should speak with me about giving an oral presentation. Course learning objectives Students will develop a strong grasp of the major issues, themes, and debates relating to the history of mental illness in the modern era. Students will demonstrate proficiency in the analysis, evaluation and synthesis of primary and secondary sources through short writing assignments as well as a major research paper. Students will demonstrate proficiency in historical reasoning and oral presentation and argument.

Schedule Week 1 (Sept 1) Week 2 (Sept 8) Introduction to the course Madness in the Pre-Modern Era Reading: Shorter, ch. 1 Pederson, A Mad People’s History of Madness, first person narratives of madness in the pre-modern era (CP) Eghigian, Killen, Leuenberger, “The Self as Project: Politics and the Human Sciences in the 20th Century,” Osiris 21, 2007 (CP) Assignment: watch and write a reaction paper on the film “The Madness of King George” (due 9/22) Week 3 (Sept 15) Making Madness Modern Reading: Foucault, Madness and Civilization, ch. 8-9 (CP) Discussion of “The Madness of King George” The Age of Asylum Reform Reading: Shorter, ch. 2 Taylor, ed. Embodied Selves, selections on “Moral Management” (CP) Pederson, A Mad People’s History of Madness, Bedlam narrative (CP) First paper due Week 5 (Sept 29) Week 6 (Oct 6) No class - Monday schedule Gender, Madness, and the Asylum Reading: Showalter, Introduction, chs. 1-3 Pederson, A Mad People’s History of Madness, first person narrative of life in NY State asylum (CP) Assignment: 2nd paper, topic to be announced (due Oct. 20) Week 7 (Oct 13) The Age of Degeneration Reading: Shorter, ch.3 Showalter, chs. 4-5 Taylor, ed. Embodied Selves, selections on “Inherited Legacies” (CP) The Discovery of Hysteria Reading: Shorter, ch. 4 Showalter, ch. 6 Charcot, “Lectures on Diseases of the Nervous System” (CP) Breuer, “Anna O” (CP) Second paper due

Week 4 (Sept 22)

Week 7 (Oct 20)

Week 8 (Oct 27)

The Invention of the Talking Cure Reading: Freud, Five Lectures, Dora The Great War and Shellshock Reading: Stone, “Shellshock and the Psychologists” (CP) Barker, Regeneration Optional: Showalter, ch. 7 Outline and bibliography for research paper due

Week 9 (Nov 3)

Week 10 (Nov 10)

The Mental Hygiene Movement Reading: Beers, A Mind that Found Itself, excerpts (CP) Lunbeck, The Psychiatric Persuasion, excerpts (CP) Eugenics and Nazi Psychiatry Reading: Garland, “The Ideology of Elimination: American and German Eugenics, 1900-1945” (CP) Burleigh, “Psychiatry, German Society, and Nazi ‘Euthanasia’” (CP) Buck vs. Bell, 1927

Week 11 (Nov 17)

Documents on the Nazi euthanasia program (1939-1945)

Week 12 (Nov 24)

Madness and Decolonization Reading: Keller, “Madness and Colonization” (CP) Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, selections (CP) The Anti-Psychiatry Movement Reading: Szasz, “The Myth of Mental Illness”

Week 13 (Dec 1)

Rosenhan, “On Being Insane In Insane Places”

Foucault, Psychiatric Power, excerpt (CP) Week 14 (Dec 8) The Psychopharmacological Revolution Reading: Shorter, ch. 7-8 Kramer, Listening to Prozac, selections (CP) Research paper due Final take-home exam due Dec. 15

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