BARTXENNBDY

Mr.

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252) E- 25: a Street, Fruitvale, Calif.

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SANTA CRUZ

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A MAN ADRIFT .

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STONE CHICAGO & NEW YORK MDCCCC fcf .A MAN ADRIFT Being LEAVES FROM A NOMAD'S PORTFOLIO By BART KENNEDY COMPANY HERBERT S.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED .

TO MY WIFE .

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. I? 4O 43 IV. MAXWELL SIMILAKAMEEN 172 19! XIV. 223 WITH THE INDIANS vii 234 . IX. XV. XIII. . FIGHTING A NOR'-WESTER .. VI.. AN OYSTER-BOAT . I II.. ADRIFT LIFE ON .152 . 6 77 ON TRAMP BILLY . . IN . .. .. THE CHILKATS XVI. X. .. .119 144 XL NO MONEY XII. .. SHOVELLING 95 .CONTENTS PAGE I. V. 8l VIII. XVII. VII.. AT SHAFT PRISON IQ IO6 . MY FIRST VOYAGE III.. FINDING A SHIP . 212 FROM VICTORIA TO NANAIMO . . THROUGH THE ROCKIES ..

viii A NEW PHASE Contents PAGE XVIII... XXIII.. . 245 XIX. .." HOW I "RAN . . THROUGH SUNSHINE FORAGERS PROPS. EARNING THIRTY DOLLARS 262 277 XX.. 330 ... ...... LOUNGING XXI. 298 308 319 THE BOWERY NO PLACE TO SLEEP XXIV. OPERATIC XXII....

and pleasant and along so beautifully. FINDING A SHIP I WAS in Liverpool. I eager see things. and looking up into them made me think of the strange lands I day. was The clouds sailed bright. the would to like to visit. and occasionally asking to be taken in one of them. with just a shilling in my I pocket.A MAN ADRIFT I. was young and Here I was in Liverpool the key to the whole world. looking at them. though cold. Surely I would find a ship to take me somewhere There were anywhere. I had walked miles and miles that day. It was in the beginning of January. thousands of them lying in the docks. wondering vaguely as to what would do. But the mates shook their heads when I told A .

A Man that I Adrift never had been to sea They wanted men who knew I the work. great desire was to see and feel and experience to meet new My and strange phases. who would be I way ! But how. mysterious world. just like the pictures had of them so my mind. I had never seen ships before the morning of that day. And now in they seemed so I beautiful to me. and that they were going to About them was places a long way off. You felt that they had come from places a long way off. fine. I was without friends and alone. They looked tall. still felt that I Some chance or another would go somewould turn up. calm and strange. and strange.2 them before. held for me I could not tell. something magical. But I had thought and dreamed of them ever since I was a lad. and I hardly cared. was only a raw in the greenhorn. To live is a fine and . and rigging They had a curious air of travel and great distances. their sails fit straight masts and their furled looked so and beautiful. but before me was it What the big. they said.

darkness had fully settled life of the river was full of stood charm and mystery. life. sailing ship got outside into till the Day . The and blowing. that was being towed Perhaps it was along by a tug-boat? going round Cape Horn. or to Australia? ship And the sailing over there. or to China. full of lights slow-moving steamer yonderthat loomed calmly along.Finding a Ship brave thing. even if 3 you have neither a penny in your pocket nor a home nor It is only the weakling and the friends. or around the Cape of Good Hope. Where were the vessels going. The day wore up and throwing ing boats. be going to the far-away Indies. where tossed the Phantom Ship the ship on which was laid a curse this When of Judgment. river was of rushing Whistles I and horns were till watched down. glowing into relief the crossfull Soon the lights. coward who is afraid of on. and who commanded them ? Might not that big. and what did they hold. swiftly - And odd the red of the sun lay upon the broad Mersey.

And winds would carry her along And at last over the great sea-waters. sleep there that night. At last I turned away and walked tip fuJJ towards the middle of the town. get a bed that night. along a street In I walked. and try and I find a ship. I That a cheap place to sleep. My mind was of these thoughts as I looked out upon the river. During the day I had noticed a lodging-house having a sign slices of bread and butter. and for threepence I got a big mug of hot coffee and some thick Now I had and for sixpence of it I could ninepence. she would come to a port in some bright And the sailors would then go land. night and on the morrow I would look around find would again. great birds. and in the morning I would still have . in the window which read to the effect that you could get a good bed there for sixI would pence.4 A Man the Adrift the open water her sails would spread out like the wings of great. ashore and see things that were wonderful and full of a curious beauty. As I went noticed a big coffee-house.

and I was not afraid of things. find. man as was a little hard I was turning to A was standing 1 in along/ said he. a Suddenly. The man seemed were bent. in Then search I would set out again a ship. and uncertain." he said. I'm not going to do anything to you. I was well able to look out for myself. I wheeled round and looked." thought to myself. . could. " hesitated a and then I went on with him." don't see how you was my comment. I front of me. After all I was strong and vigorous. I my for I was going along looking for the street wanted the street in which was the It lodging-house.Finding a Ship threepence left 5 for breakfast. a voice shouted out. if to be half drunk his shoulders His head was sunk down. Come " I want to talk to you." little . his " I gait was slow and could easily knock him I he attempted anything. as if reading "Don't be in what was " I my mind. "Hello!" corner. afraid. over.

bleared Not an in it inviting face. and I It was a round eyes. We had now come window. paused " But a that isn't the point." He to " I for moment. face. saw you down on the docks I saw to-day. face of a "How I man who holds things do you know?" I asked him " again. as he looked me up and down. If you want " I can to go to sea." I " looked at him in surprise." he answered." he said. " for I have only nine- And will they be sure to find me pence." " I keep " But will they keep me without money ? asked quickly. I can take you to will a boarding-house where they you till they find you a ship. " "You want go to sea!" he said suddenly. slowly. I There was It something couldn't understand. a halt before a shop looked full into his face. . he with a laugh. with big." Adrift said.6 A Man " Neither do I. was the back. put Because you in the way of it. a ship?" " " And here's They will. How do you know ? to asked. you go aboard a ship.

reason of ships it. you know. thing you can do is to come along with me that is. Now. do you under- stand?" . that for they keep nothing. " Well. to get ship. is I will I go a with you. You give this is a few days out at sea. next to impossible for you to get a ship here in Liverpool without you are taken So the best boarding-house. keeps you and finds you an and after you are safely gone he He gets the money." "It isn't so strange as it looks to you. advance note to the boarding-house master. and you don't know If you want to know the the ropes. and then find him one. with a laugh. But you where a man are green.Finding a Ship 7 It's another thing I have to tell you. It's strange places though." I thought for a I little. it is gets an advance because every man who note for two This note isn't paid till the ship pounds. if it's a ship you are looking from a after." to said." " said the man. outfit. " That a why they came have Liverpool thing.

were going back in the direction We of the docks. But too closely One must not look a gift-horse in the mouth. stopped. me I that perhaps sailors were scarce. however. where my guide re- freshed himself with "three of whisky." To this I assented. would be on and an outgoing Suddenly the man pointed to a big public-house. " Let us go over there and get a drink.8 I A Man did." he said. " You tell me you have ninepence. Here was all the I trouble taken right off my shoulders. In that case you might as well treat me for the trouble I'm taking on your account. It Adrift clear enough. thought it well not to inquire into things." . was sure of getting away. as to why a man to sea before should It struck get an advance of two pounds. little But I was a who had never been puzzled. and we went over to the public-house. as it seemed a reasonable request. I was all was lucky to fall so easily into the right way of things. I thought. and at the I was filled I with joy thought that soon vessel.

The last place at which I had worked was a mechanic's shop. life so far had been most unevent- had been dull and grey. and he asked me a lot of questions about But I had little to tell him. The whisky seemed to warm his feelings towards me. men he had Even though the men . greasy. for myself. my ful. like the town I had come from. was just a young workout into the world to man who was going seek his fortune. regulated by the tonnage And on the day of sailing there were usually one or two hands short It was then that the boarding-house master came forward with picked up anyhow. he told me. and I still wore my rust-stained It slop and overalls. being able to get an advance note of two pounds who had never been Ships certain could not leave complement port without a of hands. After we left the the some light into public-house he let mystery of a man to sea before. I had a woollen scarf round my neck. I peaked cap. The number was of the vessel.Finding a Ship while I 9 took a glass of beer. and wore a flat.

io were not with. guide We turned down a narrow street which Murphy's boarding-house is over there. ran into the Docks. My " was a " runner for a boarding-house." again. and there were four men in it sitting An oil lamp stood on before a big fire. and said. Murphy looked let Murphy." said the man." said here's a my guide. throwing out a small light. it." " me with no particular expression in his eyes. We walked across the road to pointing. A Man sailors. Is Murphy in ?" he asked her. " at man for you. bidding me follow him. All right. after shaking hands He . addressing him. hard-looking face. He walked to it. but pointed to a door at the end of a passage. and pushed The open. the mantel. girl let us in without saying a word. One " of the men rose up and turned round. Adrift the law was complied and the ship was free to go. with a dark beard and a pale. " A " and he gave three knocks on the door. Then he turned towards the fire was a man about fifty. room we entered was rather a large it one. him sit down. She did not reply. My guide left us.

They were silent when I came in. were simply working-men who wanted to get out to other parts of the world. my I was amongst were not sailors. This was the only way they could . after in trying to had made a mistake go out into the world And doubts began to assail me. day I began to all. Was this the right way to go about getting a ship ? it have been better to have kept on asking the mates for a berth myself? All at once Murphy got up and left Wouldn't us without saying a word. It was a strange scene. And feel subdued. One would have something like thought that the men were some led out to undergo waiting to be awful experience. I n began quietly to study They were evidently in the same circumstances as myself. found men They The surmise was right.Finding a Ship with me. sad expecfor the first time depressed. and they remained silent. and the other men. I The dulled. And Soon then I we gradually that began to first talk. travel-pictures in my mind became ! Perhaps. There was an that air of tancy about them.

But there was the nothing it.12 manage it. instinct from a dim when men wandered over earth dull the face of the as hunters. of getting work hardly liked the idea of facing He life had heard that that sailoring was a hard else for men were others : often struck and ill-used. spoke of the in difficulties England. And talked in a like strain. wandering instinct that is strong in every inherited human being far. and year after year in the same place and at the same thing is maddenof ing. Living through the monotonous labour had grind quickened it. A Man for they Adrift had no money. to think of the work I when I had been spirits doing for the last four years. month after month. One of them. a young fellow from the country. the He ocean. my . To work day after day. A man either becomes a clod or dangerously began And thoughtful. Times were hard but the real reason they were here was because they were impelled to the less move by more or an past. and brought it to the full in the men with whom I was now talking.

And the pictures and dreams of the morning when I was going from ship to ship came back to me. I was glad to be on the eve of any change. Things would turn out all right. When we came down in the morning got some hot coffee. but I I was hardly minded it much.Finding a Ship 13 rose again. He was this man who waste words. but to there were best no of blankets. and a two-pound loaf of bread was divided amongst us. after an hour or and showed the four of us up to the so. We had make the it by putting off our coats and covering ourselves up with them as well as we could. however hard it might turn out to be. somehow. Murphy came back There were some sacks for filled with straw us to lie on. thinking of what might happen on the morrow. . The night was very cold. we Then we of the day. room where we were to pass the night. sat and talked to till the middle At about one did o'clock Murphy came a in and beckoned not me. I was willing to dare or go through anything.

sign as an A. couldn't go at "Besides. for I had never been to if sea before. and come " Your outfit's in along. too to motioned for me follow him out. It was very light it up." said vessel I'm going to put Murphy.B. "Off with your slop and overalls. and he into tell the mate or the the advance note out to purser to make him when gave me He signed as able seaman." I picked and easy to carry.14 A Man " Adrift Murphy. "The to you on. so that there would be no mistake. There was a sailor's bag lying at the end of the passage." Cape Horn He then let me know structed it me I was a steamer. his full name on a piece of paper. He came at once to the point. We were soon going along the docks." he said. " Take it." he said again. "is going round Callao. I told him I didn't like to sign as an able seaman. it. there's no sailorising . I But he informed I me that didn't all. You 1 look I mechanic.' much like a Then he obeyed him. It was a day like the day before bright and clear.

" he said got to the steamer. stockily-built man with a his joked Murphy about the dry- land sailors and sent kind of " outfit he them in to sea with. and I was lined up for muster with the rest of the crew. 15 be done aboard a steamer. So Murphy and trudged back again to the boarding- house. Murphy shipped me. fate was against me. before. Murphy had gone ashore with the advance notes. We were dismissed after I the mate had inspected us. a big steamer bound for Philadelphia. on the John Gough.Finding a Ship to in conclusion. But the next day I was luckier. the bo'sun a across from twelve freight She carried and some passengers. red face When we were aboard. along with two of the others. They had got a When we man I ten minutes before. and was . What have you asked. in She to made the trip fourteen days. put their bags?" it he But Murphy took calmly. however. Such things had been said to him The articles were signed.

but said I nothing. I was actually going. of the ship were the same my dered eye." he said. little Then for walked forward. Greeny. pointing forward. " A " ! sailor stopped me. cared what any of them said to me. dryat land sailor looked I him. My dream was realised. bewil" That way.1 6 aft A Man for Adrift Both ends to going the fo'castle. I would soon get to know my way about. Go I on. you damned Paddy West. I had found a ship! . And I was happy.

II. and I was wondering it by what turn of chance I should ever see I had no desire to go back. We were grouped up in front of the two bo'suns. however. It fell to my lot to be told off for the first bo'sun's watch faced the port watch. At this time I was standing on the forward deck with the sailors. He me was the red- man who had joked Murphy about to sea with. but the thought worked idly through my mind as I turned and looked off over the side of the great vessel. was no joke as far was concerned. again. Liverpool was fading off distance. MY FIRST VOYAGE WE were running swiftly through the smooth into the river. outfit. for Murphy had put the outfit he was sending The as I B . who were portioning us off into watches.

but a sailor informed me of it with much scorn and epithet. there that was hardly anything of the was serviceable for the crossing North Atlantic Ocean in midI winter.1 8 A Man oil-skins Adrift neither nor sea-boots into my bag. did not know this at the time. as he critically watched me unpacking my bag the fo'castle. I paused a little. and was up alongside . in it Indeed. Besides. I into my bunk but ripe filled I in fascinated with his felt way hardly of putting truths. was that the time was I scarcely for objecting. What shaking out the notion. and then too jumped up into the shrouds. into cats thing jumped up climbed like couple of sailors the fore -shrouds and A up the I rigging. bells in the first (five o'clock in had just gone two the dog-watch when out foresail word came the afternoon) for us to shake the foresail. was so with the thought of being actually aboard a ship that what he said didn't trouble It me much. meant I had not the faintest But I got ready to do someor other.

I The now* grasped what was meant. "That thing in your hand. I when didn't this. By this time six or seven men had got up. and asked aloft me what I I meant by coming duty." said to the man I whom I was near This puzzled asked. Though I had never sea. Where?" He swore. fellow Pass the gasket. and were spreading themselves out on the yard on both sides of the mast. I was a good climber. Again I was " puzzled. " altogether.My them in First Voyage 19 no time." he . Lay out on the yard there. and I saw at a glance that at least there were sure hand-holds and foot-holds about a been to ship. and began to tug at the rope that fastened down the sail to the yard. know my did not reply to but stopped where I was and watched. up that " as however. idea was I to loosen the close-furled sail. Quickly got out along the foot-rope with the rest of them." said the alongside me. me in the rigging. for it my going <made the think bo'sun and the rest I of the watch knew my work as a sailor. It I was rather unfortunate did.

the deck like wax. was notorious for shipping green hands as able seamen. which had been taken from the him. Adrift added with a I He meant the rope in been meantime round sail and passed from hand to hand till it had reached me. a boardingmaster. name. was my as I first I lesson in sailoring. Afterwards I found out that it was most " sailor to go unusual for a " Paddy West Invariably he stuck to up aloft at all. fry of these was only one of the smaller villainous boarding-masters. At the end of the first dog-watch six o'clock we went into the fo'castle to have supper.2O had A Man grin. Murphy. and then It we all got down on deck. I passed it to the tugging at. of Liveroool. And stood on deck with the rest that I of them felt had emerged from my first trial with at least some success. Hence the nickwho had shipped me. It seemed that one Paddy West. But Paddy West had dignified the calling with his . and then I learned why it was that a man such as myself was called a "Paddy West" sailor.

I things fault grasp the fact that the real lay with the shipping companies. . as they felt they were wronged. The sailors had not enough sense of the relation of pleasant. at supper in the fo'castle It I was that began to realise that shipping as an able seaman when you didn't know the work might not turn out to be altogether saw that the regular sailors had a strong animus against the men who did it. One of them shoved me aside when I reached forward to take men some food from the in table.My name. had filled sent "greenies" to sea with bags with straw for an outfit and so on. exclaimed. And they did so. And. it was only human for them to make it as hot for these as possible. First Voyage 21 All sorts of shady and wonderful He stories were current concerning him. way turned quickly round to him. And there was a good reason for this feeling. They had to do the work of these useless men. to They only saw and knew of men who had come aboard under false pretences. " ! "Don't get he a sailorman's I roughly.

It wasn't same as it was on a deep-water ship. for of food on an Atlantic the There was enough for there was always plenty liner. Here were men who had been everywhere. and my respect for them grew to such a pitch that I almost forgot to think about the sailor who had shoved me aside roughly. breathlessly. I could wait. where you got nothing but your pound and your pint. The ever talk was -the I most interesting listened I had heard. everybody. Here it was plenty for everybody. such an easy way about being in places thousands of They talked in . After supper came yarns about all the lands and all the waters of the world. and and tea. The supper biscuits consisted of fresh boiled beef. Anyway.22 A Man Adrift in and would have got very much more his way. potatoes. but the strangeness of the place and surroundings had a sort of quietening effect on me. It seemed that the law of the fo'castle was that the sailors should eat before the green hands. soft bread and butter.

men At in the Listening to them with ambition to do likewise. out into the broken water. You feel as if you were steadily flying through ." of them suddenly " noticed me listening eagerly. one of them would say. The sensation of being is on a great swiftly steamship when she running through smooth water is magical. One sailor. with a laugh. The ship was still She had not yet got running smoothly." The whole world and its waters had been say." " He was shipped with him on a barque Or another fellow would covered by these few rough fo'castle. felt filled me I last that I had found my true vocation to to go on always wandering from place place. After eight bells I was out again with the watch on deck. Look at the dry-land he shouted. and then the same man would perhaps the next moment say " : Yes.My " First Voyage 23 When I was in Calcutta. I combing the beach in Honolulu when I came across him. out of 'Frisco." miles apart. And then came the yarns about Paddy West.

foremost man would spring forward and bend up the halyard on to the belaying When everything was braced up. out in the the We were meeting and the vessel began to heave. pin. nor jerk. would haul as five of We we sang. as four or us grabbed it. his I was told off with another man to go . You hear nothing but the faint rumble of the easily-working engines. n TOWARDS midnight we were broken water. and hauling each halyard or brace tight in turn. and. round the ship. pay it out behind him. blew on At this the pipe for us to stop. and haul and haul till the bo'sun. The foremost man would slip the halyard from off the belaying pin. loosing the down-hauls. who stood off watching the sail. A Man There is Adrift jar. he would give out the shanty or song. Then the word came for us to brace things up before So we went turning in at eight bells. swells. neither nor toss.24 space. and the wind got up.

coil the sheets rang out to the sick. . began to over I better. it. would soon get I thought. it. the watch below . But got I fought hard against And when on to my it.My Eight bells First Voyage down 25 around the ship and and halyards. Now Murphy now I was me aboard the docks now I was hauling on the halyards now I could see the wideness and the far reach of the sea the sea stars light I had always dreamed it. of. bunk and lay feel flat I my back. and we was beSea-sickness had I my calculations when I I was looking I for a ship in Liverpool. And . and was very tired. but I could not conA confused nect one thing with another. The moon- were reflected in The this soft was shining upon it How sea beautiful ! and magical looked. came up on deck went forward ginning to feel not entered into to relieve us fo' castle. I tried to think over all that had happened. of pictures and happenings was jumble passing through was bringing walking along my mind. The day had been a long one.

a curious. as an able to steer. strange face. The ever. box the compass. raw salt air revived me. Here I felt a little better But when cold. have given anything to have been able to lie down in my bunk. deck somehow. man who had I seaman splice. ship was now heaving more than stumbled heavily against and a stanchion. I " It's eight bells ! Turn slowly got up. " ! asleep when a hand was " " Turn out Turn out ! ! shouted a voice. But this was not to be thought of in a shipped before the mast. The seemed to me I would to be going all ways at once.26 A Man fell Adrift then a face came near to mine. and when took a seemed as if my body had no But I managed to scramble on weight. I My step head was it light. I asleep. with the rest of the watch. and do had signed as one who was able . I was horribly sea-sick. and got into I my I clothes as well as could. I staggered aft I began I to feel worse. When *I took a step could not feel my ship feet. I Hardly was on out my shoulder.

and keep it kicking me. but there was but to wait of repining. was of saying anyAnd not powerless. do anything back. And this was hardly to be wondered at. . afraid. of course. thing while my or. but too. for they had to take work. was nothing for it kicked me. well in men my mind. I was sick for two days and a half. but I turned round so as to see his face. of the got through that watch I never remember falling I down.My added I First Voyage 27 And here was other shipmanlike things. I felt getting began to myself be a coward. There was no use indeed. and one could not. They acted impatiently and brutally towards me. I time. colours. The moon at this time This man had shining brightly. to my misery. only was will I powerless in body. I as useless as a The thought of it log. I my was powerless. was shown scant sympathy by my mates on watch. upon themselves my share of the I had come aboard under false I I How knew.

" I believe gradually I got well. when we were nearly half way across the ocean. The man especially brutal. indeed. The strong air of the ocean was . I knew very little of the work. I was thoroughly used to the motion of the vessel. The time would soon come! At about the sixth day out. though. but I looked him "You steadily in the eyes.28 A Man All that time Adrift during which time I had to do my four hours on and off with the rest of the watch. I saw him I smiled. Whenmet him I looked straight in his I And to as I felt I back my limbs the power coming was filled with joy. And Whenever ever face. I and I who Some face. Still. this man will get well. and said: shouldn't hit a sick sick man. Besides. and I could haul powerfully on the halyards and braces. for I was quick. got very weak kicked me was could eat nothing. time after that he struck me in the blackening my eye. thinking of this man helped to cure me. I could hardly stand up at the time. I was beginning to be of use. of course.

striking him when he was helpless was no way to right things. and I noticed him standing near his bunk. and I thought the On for time had I now come the sailor who had for sick. to be out in this vast open of moving waters. It was fine to feel the clean. I just felt that I could the better of me. It me to settle matters with struck me when was was our watch below in the fo'castle. I would like to kill I him and pitch him overboard. sharp wind striking full into the face. noting where and how I would hit I never thought that he might get him. felt fit the seventh day out I anything. and when I thought I had him now. I looked carefully over him. I would see what he He was there. after being shut up all one's in a dull.My I First Voyage into It 29 such as putting a vigour of life me had never felt before. and was made of. thought. of it I smiled to myself. black town. was a wonder- ful life sensation. And the . annihilate him. My eye was still sore and black from the blow. sodden. Even though a man did not know his work. fresh.

It rest of the watch." I gave him a push with my open hand." The quiet. I to talk in such a way to a you kicked me. who were us. and backed quickly a couple of paces. I turned to the right like lightning jumped to and landed of his face. but came for me.30 A Man Adrift shame of the blow swept through me as I walked up to him and said "You struck me when I was sick and Now's not able to do anything back. " Come on. too. It was a feint. looked at and became to Something was going for was a rare thing happen! a green hand sailor. Don't be afraid. : your time to strike me again. making the blow more effective. keeping my eye fixed on his eye." said again to him. And as he followed over on that side. He staggered against the side of a bunk . He said nothing. I backed again it was a big fo'castle and then I sank myself down a little to the left and reached out. my fist heavily on the side The ship chanced the be I lurching towards me at instant struck. when " And I was sick. sitting about talking.

and asked had enough. Besides. there was to not much real sailoring to be done aboard this steamer. I was too quick for him. The main work was clean. dragged him up him if he had Dropping him again. polish brass work. by the collar. keep everything holystone decks. And now face all he was down I in a heap. and four men were selected for The the lookout. and he was not able to give me any return. and keep the paint free from dust. to steering was done by four quartermasters. his over blood. The first blow had knocked him stupid. pounding him in the face and ribs. I turned to the rest of the watch who were all eyes and said quietly. in AFTER all. It is astonishing how dust collects at sea. ! He had " I'll fight the best man in this watch.My First Voyage I 31 and before he knew where he was was right close up to him. So for all practical purposes ." There was no response.

stars. It was as if the sea and the heavens and the thunders and the great ship suddenly became horrible.32 I A Man Adrift was as good a steamship sailor as anyone else. We could do thought nothing but gasp and hold on to something with the death-clutch. and bend . life. I could push a holystone with the best of them no great feat after all. The moon and clearly a out. or when the wind was blowing from the wrong quarter. one in a And the wind came with such fury and force that sensation from the body and it drove from the brain. I'll never forget that night to the end of my It suddenly became pitch black. moment which had been shining before. One night at twelve o'clock a short hurricane came down upon us. And and I could braces. indescribable uproar. And then the hurricane dropped on us. haul strongly on halyards Usually the sails were only put on the vessel to keep her steady in heavy weather. were blotted There was nothing for the watch on deck to do but to grope slowly along like blind men.

Its minutes. end was nearly as sudden as its behad only lasted a few It ginning. The wake of the hurriforward-deck had become in the c . clutching thing.My a if First Voyage 33 so as to get a chance to breathe. for the force of the wind striking down our heads man he in the face would choke him. I were sweeping was so stunned that seas fear. All at once the hurricane died down. from which sensation had been suddenly driven. gasping and shrinking and The end of things had come clutching. I over the I did not even feel was just a blind. The the hurricane had swept tre- out into distance a flying. let go what he was clutching on he would be dashed down. All through the next day through these terrible seas we as strained if we were following cane. All this ! Immense ship. And the stars and moon came But the seas out again. shapeless thing of destruction. sweeping. mendous. were with us the gigantic. awful seas. was going on in blind darkI was ness. shining clearly. And to.

Where the kid and potatoes and meat . I No boat could be sent after him. and if one waited too long the sea would again be thundering over the deck. I I and this before slipped could recover myself. Then was the time to make the dash along the deck for the fo'castle. I and the meat vessel watch's waited amidships at the main deck before for I made my steady herself dash forward for to the fo'castle. she steadied. one of these the cook's had the bad luck to be caught in I had just come from seas. I got up. If a man were caught in it. galley with for a kid the full of potatoes supper. and watch settled One had ships at the beginning of the main-deck for the instant when the ship down and became steady. but time. I dashed along the fore-deck. he could never be got again. but I had hardly got three-parts of the way when I slipped again. As down. The ship only remained steady for three or four seconds. the sea was upon me.34 A Man Adrift to wait amid- most dangerous. he would be swept overboard. And once overboard.

Many I was glad to be alive. The water was boiling and fighting over and around me. my legs. when suddenly I struck against someThen the next instant I was thing hard. that I I like a top. I flung out my arms and clutched the fore-halyard for my life. spinning me in round and round enough. and I found. a poor fellow has met his death . to my utter surprise. though I felt must be overboard. I around the stuck. By a miracle I had been swept into the lee scupper. and kept there I don't know how. but was picked up and swept against the foremast as I were a cork. heaved up clear out of the water.My went to if I First Voyage I 35 don't know. And big. I crawled down into the fo 'castle. that I was still on board. but it seemed to whirl in a sort of circle. I twined rope. stiff There But over the deck. too. Strangely kept my senses. again It struck me. and washed me from my a sea thundered clutch on the halyard as if I were but a feather that was lying against it. The awful force of the water did not strike a straight direction.

out if it was of all the oceans of the world the most dangerous and ugly in this respect. used to tell of Occasionally the sailors it in their watch below. or the Western Ocean. Lowering a boat for a man was rarely ever of use in rough weather. trip across In fact. or how poor Bill was gone overboard an hour before he was missed sailor in at all ! the fo'castle There was not a who had not an of actual first-hand knowledge some of such sad experience. Some told chums who had gone out suddenly into violent death. though a boat was always got were humanly possible. and never a big blow as they were got again. At last we were off the banks of New- . Squalls and short hurricanes were inAnd it was cessantly springing up in it. as the sailors called it. in the winter time some sailors would not ship for a it at any price.36 in A Man Adrift by being caught and carried overboard a heavy sea. In the winter time the North Atlantic. so terribly cold. How poor Tom in was carried off. rounding the Horn.

It had grown much colder the halyards . and " one sailors ! There's America dark line. and in time I would make a good sailor-man first sighted land one morning at in ! We sunrise. but with the joy was a tinge of regret . looked at the low-lying. First Voyage 37 The weather had moderated. but still I must said. off It came up on the horizon away on the stoning of the port-bow. and the fogs which usually lie here in the winter had lifted. decks at the said to " We me : were holy time. and braces were bedded did not in ice. The voyage would soon be I over now! The thought filled me with joy. they have something I impression on my behalf. My fight with the sailor had created a . me. But I mind that much. for one of the sailors had given me some socks and and the bo'sun had given me mittens an old pea-jacket that was very warm. favourable was green.My foundland. It was a relief to feel the thing like running with somesmoothness after its heaving vessel and stressing through the heavy weather.

up on the horizon as a It dark morning was most The sky was so blue and beautiful. air. was shining with a searching. The great. was getting used to feel the press winds. A Man It Adrift I at leaving the ship. The strange. free ocean ! ! And lands boy. which was well up clear. and the sun. intense feeling. clear beauty of the morning. to see the strong There vast. now. and the sight of the land off in the distance. were times when it brought terror. clearer. but the northern softness. if had suddenly realised in this scene of ocean. was cold.38 to it. still I loved in it. I here was the land one of the had dreamed of when It was becoming faint. brought to me a moment of curious. but was so fine of the great. and land all the longings I . It was a higher and more acute feeling In it was sadthan that of happiness. It was as ness and joy and everything. heaving stretch of the ocean. was a clearer and I this land that at first crept line. that was my appealed to something blood to some instinct I It had inherited.

through suffering. in Philadelphia. to see it.My and wishes of it First Voyage I I 39 my life. good. but to me came this glorious. A new world was before me. The next day and the day after that we ran along favoured with calm The voyage was nearing its weather. cold I was but tell and hard-looking. The voyage Busy men were rushing about shouting English in a curious flat accent. It from the bank of the river stretched a country that was winter-bound. And soon the pilot came aboard. grinding our way through the thick Off floating ice of the Delaware River. and then in a few hours we were grinding. And now we were We was were over. The next morning I left the ship for And as I It was on a Sunday. though had not a penny in my pocket. this country. close. felt strong and . had come to was but a com- mon hand working on the ship. walked through the phia I I streets of Philadel- hopeful. was glad it For who could what held in store for tied me? up to the wharf. strange moment.

making a bare exist- ence by the doing of stray. The people 40 . and he is touched with the general movement. odd jobs. winding country roads that seemed to He has go on without end for ever. ADRIFT ! THE magic of a great town A man goes into it when he is hard up and lonely and wearing shabby clothes. lonesome magnetism of the He has been off places. mighty town possesses him. and the ever-passing crowds and the bright. been so long communing with himself that he feels the need of contact with other human beings. in small. Or he may have been going along over bare.III. clean streets. He wishes to be near people and to hear their voices. The curious. looking for work. and the long. or he has been working his way hither and thither. even if he may not speak to them. tempting displays in the shop windows.

townbut still get to it. The town was here long. Lone ships that move on and on till they are lost in the dread. He is glad to even though he be penniless. is for here something that this akin to him. Or it may be that a man to is one who native may not go back is again his Now he place. kinship has for him a though warmth and a sense of rest. mysterious distance. Men who It are adrift. long before him the town that will last long. there is for him the town.Adrift 41 he has seen off from the town have been but stray and passing. . where He now proaching the great town and he it is thrilled. that . The people who knew him once may be dead or But still gone. is place hard with him. or may not know him. approaching a strange a town. that a may be foreign man has come from things have apof his native at last is some gone land. The town that is his town. Vague be. even as himself. long after he has crumbled and gone to dust. even as it is the town of him who is fine and great.

this town but he it. He will stretch himself in the life. to coming coming And who knows what chance may do Who knows what may happen for him ? it! It is far off.42 A Man glad he glad he faint will Adrift face strangers. fulness life of the pleasure of ! In the town Yes. far away. Even though he must How its be to see the spires of in churches arising will the distance! How the faint. fine clothes. And stride. find a Then he will go and purse of gold. buy himself a good dinner. The magic of a great town! . be to hear. in a street. and new. give him the town! The town where no one knows him where no one knows of what he of the has done life where he may begin a new > he goes on with firm where fortune may await him. is He is to to him ? stance through the magic of circumHe may. Soon he will see the spires arising in the distance. sound of its mighty life.

Here I shipped on an oyster-boat to dredge for Chesapeake Bay. You were slave.IV. LIFE ON AN OYSTER-BOAT AFTER many days tramping self in I found my- the city of Baltimore. dredging grounds we had nothing to do but to sail the schooner. and wages one had to ship for a month at least. on a small schooner. the captain's machine his He if had power thought I it to strike or shoot you he shipped necessary. which was an easy 43 On way down to the . and sailed down the the bay. And you were bound by the same laws oysters in the and you would be bound by if you shipped on a deep-water vessel that was going to round the Horn "Cape rules that Stiff. The were fifteen dollars a month." as the sailors call it.

in which was a row of long. and was simply a strong iron frame with a steel chain bag pend- ing from the large end. down. a dredge lay on either side near the gunwale. and rollers put on a level with the planking of the deck. These scraped in the oysters as the dredge dragged over the bed. schooner. It winding to in when took a they had four with winch. A word about the dredging outfit of our aboard. The dredge was trian- gular in shape. In working time these were put in readiness to be heaved overboard at a word from the captain. Each man was armed with a " culling hammer. men a Fastened to stout. fifteen-fathom rope. sharp teeth." . A Man as there Adrift all were. told. Across the mouth of the bag was a steel bar.44 task. who then steered the boat The gunwales were cut away. ten men It took us two days to get on account of head winds. so as to allow the dredges to pass easily. She on filled had the amidships sides for two crab-winches port and starboard the dredges oysters.

huddled gether like rats. Blankets were The to get we for froze to death or captain didn't care whether All he cared not. narrow head and a long shaft. work was much the same as another. we had been warm enough them off. and inform us that the time had arrived for us to sally forth to and unjoyfully. anchored every night in We . the night before to take scarce. which he used for breaking off extra shells that were stuck to the oysters. where we slept. was work out of us. our first job was to haul up the anchor and loose the sails. and for separating the oysters from the loose shells when the contents of the dredge were One day's dumped on deck. the cook. About an hour before dawn. lived aft would with the captain in come forward to the the to- fo'castle. we Reluctantly would arise at the sound of the cook's toil.Life on an Oyster-Boat 45 a hammer with a long. voice and put on if our clothes that is. After creeping shiveringly out of the manhole and on to the deck. who cabin.

file and one by one we would cabin to eat. which were scraped into the chain bags by the toothfilling "Wind!" when the the captain would command dredges had passed over the whole width of the bed. we would ground. into the Whilst breakfast.46 A Man Adrift any small bay or cove that came nearest or handiest. " Heave " from the captain at the ing ! wheel. get to our places at the winches. "Breakfast!" the cook would shout. . The speed of the schooner checked considerably as the dredges dragged over the oyster bed. Getting up the anchor was always a terrible job. was being doled out in detail. which usually con- sisted of codfish-hash. with oysters. and splash would go both dredges simultaneously. because of the raw. bread. and coffee. the schooner would be making all speed for the dredgArrived there. damp winter wind which was usually blowing before daylight. as a man from either ! side heaved them overboard. gradually bars.

washed us from head to foot. During the winding the schooner would be tossing about like a feather and shipping seas. the terror of that awful winding! I'd sooner help to take in frozen sails in a Cape Horn. and wind with all our might and main. choppy waters of the North Sea than anywhere Oh. and breath was strained to the muscle. but in the one horrible strain wind ! wind ! we didn't notice it. Wind Would the internal strain ! . If a man slacked up the rest. Proportionately. It is well to remark for the benefit of those who don't know that the short choppy seas of a shallow bay are harder to contend with than are the gigantic. gale off tightest possible tension. more ships else.ocean. there are lost in the shallow.Life on an Oyster-Boat will 47 would With a the whole of us suddenly bend our strength upon the handles of the winches. least bit it was instantly felt by the All had to fuse their strength into The cold seas desperate whole. awful swells that are to be met with in mid . Every nerve.

a before the so as captain had put the boat about to cross the oyster bed again and was ready to give the word to heave the . usually. Any extra shells that were sticking them we broke off with our " culling hammers." called the picking out of the oysters. have done the hardest and roughest sort of labouring. it a man were though I every fibre had never I anything like before nor have since. flinging the oysters behind us to form a pile.48 never cease in felt A Man ? Adrift if I It seemed as cracking. appeared Up ! up ! gunwale and they were on deck. the oysters out of the heap we quickly shovelled the loose shells. the stones. Up! up! At last the necks of the dredges rollers. By the time we had got little out all it. Then we menced sible on our knees and com- to separate as quickly as posthe oysters from the loose shells. and " the seaweed overboard. or. as we was the a soft of rest after the terror of the winding." As soon as we had got all to Culling. oysters. above the and their contents fell dumped out in a heap.

however sad or hard they may be. weary. was done. The day was ended. The D jib of the schooner . After that came supper. and then we jected.e the terrible winding. barring a few moments we got to snatch a bite of food. At sundown we made nearest cove or harbour. for the Arriving there. there were fine life. and de- into the fo'castle. 49 dredges overboard. we let go the anchor. as there are fine moments moments in in the all lives. II STILL. real Thus we never got a breathing Again would corr. wet. filed.Life on an Oyster-Boat spell. It was fine to stand on the foredeck of the little schooner and feel towards the harbour when her rushing our day's work rest. and took in and furled the sails. It gave one a sense of a sense of peace. This awful work would continue without a break up to sundown. and made the dredges. and again would come the culling. fast washed up the deck.

At the beginning of every oyster season they would turn up in Baltimore. I used to wonder how long would be a dredger. They had been murdered and pitched overboard by the captains and mates. Bodies of in men were found floating the Bay. As a rule. the captains were If a a lot of brutal bullies. I used to think and wonder about many things then. dredgers had a saying that if you ever once got the dredging-mud on you The you would always come back to it again. Being faced with grim. still in a sort of a way it appealed to me. man didn't have the fighting instinct strong in him he was very apt to get knocked about If you sailed down the Bay with some . iron facts has a charm of its own. there were fellows who had been at it years and years. Often there were black tragedies in the life. And. Though the life was hard. indeed.50 A Man I Adrift stood out like the wing of a giant bat. and compare notes as to what they had been doing since the last season. and greet each other.

and the cook would ladle out the food them on to the plates that the for ing. were bed. wouldn't keep up your style as Fighting back with your fists be You would be worth a rap. you way could a man. against but the laws didn't work. enough get the Some captains kicked out of you. . knocked flat with the butt of a and like revolver. A word as the way we used the to First get our food. used to have loaded revolvers lying life within actually grasp while the men oyster sure. to be ill-using and to killing of men. When they had finished eat- two of the men would be called in. There the working over the were laws.Life on an Oyster-Boat to 51 go captains you had the whole length be the ready to rope. the mate would eat. of to You your had of to be ready out with sheath-knife it into to offered and give the whole blade the mate or captain who strike In no other you. of course. captain and They. would have clean plates and clean knives and forks.

you were kept The idea was to take up till the last. During the whole course of the meal the two plates and the knives and forks would not be washed. One morning breakfast I I came aft I into the cabin for believe . hard fight little till block of a fellow. or two other men. now and then. The was a mean- But for all that. favour with the captain. as time as possible in eating. . as If you were out of the case may be. who would For some reason or he dropped. had eaten. You had to eat from the dirty plate of another man. he didn't like me. When others till men on had in finished. little I remember getting into I a row over this custom on one boat cook was called Scotty. and to save the cook trouble. with a scarred He was the captain's face. toady. he was a stout. He was on. and I didn't We used to scowl at each other like him. looking little sailor man. and hard eyes.52 captain A Man and these Adrift just the mate had used. or four other men. another. would be called one every board two and so on.

to tell the he was a plucky little fellow. the captain and the Besides. I had to eat Why plate should ? I be a dog any more. and didn't asked him roughly why he give me a clean plate. I like a man? turned to who stood scowling at me. horribly. he his to strike me. I thought Why shouldn't I have a clean Scotty. He fist swore at me said. The cheek of for a clean plate was somemy asking And rage took the thing unspeakable. Scotty was so surprised at my face. I if determined to take chances necessary on getting a long drop and a scragging . if asking this that the scowl left his He was dumfounded.Life on an Oyster-Boat last 53 at was one of the two men filled I and sud- denly a sense of revolt sight of the dirty plate me the off. while was only an' ordinary dredger. who lived forward in the forepeak. He would show me. and he raised mate at truth. the lived with the captain cabin. Scotty in It was as aft I a dog had spoken. But had had enough of the whole thing. I He knew he would have his back. place of surprise.

He all I hadn't the the time I ghost of a* show. I thought I might kill well end it.54 rope. If I A Man If I Adrift fought I'd have to go to the whole hog. chance at all about I'd get hung. I And felt was punching him was fighting with a rope round my neck. But my blood was up. the whole infernal degradation of broke in on me like a lightningI And the life flash I while as was fighting. let him have a the mouth. But he got away from me up the cabin He realised steps and on to the deck. He fought me as well as he could. there was no it. The chances were I'd get shot. but I was a much bigger and stronger man. . to strike me. His head struck against the bulking of the And I till rained it half-arm punches on his face was a mass of blood. And tried to Scotty. fist As I Scotty raised his suddenly and swinging blow full in rose cabin. and when that's the case a man might for as well go in for a sheep as a lamb. killed anyone.

season began in October March the six coldest and hardest months of the year. didn't offer to interfere. and we . Then we had a good time. the animal instinct to save himself uppermost in him. on a sloop that was frozen ice for nearly Once up in I was solid a month. him that it was no joke doing a man up who was ready worth. fight had been I followed him up on deck. where I was faced with the captain and the mate. The captain calmed I suppose it dawned upon things down. too and seeing that I was ready they came to the conclusion that the easiest it way out of was the best. The knocked out of him. Nothing to do but to eat and sleep and go ashore occasionally We were anchored about a for water.Life that on an Oyster-Boat in 55 and came he was danger of his life. hundred yards from the shore. to fight for all he was my They During the whole affair the men mates stood in a group forward. But I was ready for them. I After that The dredging and ended in always got a clean plate.

which would death. and stepping on them would mean mean falling into the water. It was freezing very hard. for We worked hours into three hours. The loose ice floatthe channel had become frozen an hour. and two together. frozen together behind us. But this The loose ice stopped. The lads on the sloop kept . began but when we had got about half way ing in we were blocked up. afternoon another fellow and myself got the yawl ashore. Nor could we land on the ice on either side us. and made hardly any headway. So we thought better in to make for we were had of the shore again. and work our way back to the sloop. too.56 A Man One Adrift had cut a channel through the ice. And one hour reached into two hours. that perhaps we couldn't Then we saw make the sloop it that night. so as to bring aboard a barrel of water and some flour and bacon. so as to get the little yawl backward and forward. for the reason that there were large pieces of loose ice on both sides of the yawl. to We loaded up the yawl.

lights move. which fixed us up all right. with the help of their tugging. was midnight. But we were getting anxious. We it foot by foot along They had put on the roof of the cabin. stiff the night be frozen it would mean that we should to me an eternity the ice slowly began to fought the channel to the sloop. so that the reflections would show us where to the for ice.Life on an Oyster-Boat 57 shouting to us from time to time to cheer us up. eight hours to It had taken us about go a hundred yards. smashing at the And after what seemed ice with our oars. and then. If we had to stay in the yawl through And now by morning. darkness and night had come upon us. to the yawl. We worked on and on. we got alongside the sloop. It whisky. strike at At to fast enough which we made them last we got near throw us a rope. Saturday nights we would go to Cambridge a little town on the eastern shore of the On Bay and tie up till Monday . They pulled us and gave us a big stiff drink of aboard.

58 morning. rough lot 'of uncouth It men. their hard. Years and years have gone by since that time. but the faces of the men. are still clear in my memory. A Man Adrift get an advance perhaps of a dollar apiece from the capArmed with this we would go up tain. is You all could buy a lot of whisky in Cambridge for a dollar. Where are they gone? are they ? Drudges Nobody . we used to get drunk. We of were the looked earth upon which. The dredgings lot. And why not ? was the only thing left open for us. And whisky what we bought. tried to with the us. faces rise Aye. of the earth. We were a bad to But we weren't too bad do the beastly work of dredging. we were. the dredgers I knew. Where now? Where of a dredge. or fight with the police. into the Then we would town to have a good time. we dredgers. drunk. weather-worn are they before me. We were a dirty. In other words. as as a scourings matter of fact. we used to get Then we used interfere to fight with if one they another. Yes.

everyone to throw a have an affection for them for comrades in hardship and There is nothing brings men misery. Even poor little Scotty. the Connaught man. flowing. so close together. whose town. I would like My to see even him. And there was Galway Paddy. whom I fought with.Life on an Oyster-Boat cares. His town became Indeed. Galway were all Paddy of us to fight me. knew it. too. Aye. We having a hilarious time. One Saturday night. He was an Irishman man. had become wanted his sponsor. at. So the whisky was singing songs. and nobody asked his real name. My name was Reddy because I had red hair. and Belfast. for the captain and mate had gone ashore till Monday. 59 knows and nobody driftage! Poor human Dogs I stone all. I have a fondness for them all. and lots of others. many of us dredgers had almost forgotten our real names. telling and and we were one another . and Tom Conroy. A fine Dublin. fellow There was Dublin. his was a Dublin Nobody sponsor.

who was backing up the Connaught I man.60 been. but on this occasion he was too drunk. the Connaught agreed to fight on the was a dark night. and the Connaught man knocked him out in short order. who was my particular friend. liked Paddy. to fight with a rule never without a reason. a good man to fight. When he got knocked out. after They deck. Gal way Paddy. talk A Man All at Adrift where we had been and where we hadn't about someone began to and one word fighting. challenged me to fight. But he for persisted. and finally he made a rush I me from the deck. and having no reasons declined it to quarrel with him. and one of us stood on the roof of the cabin holding a lantern so that the men could Dublin was see to punch each other. Conroy. challenged at last Dublin Tom It man. was just will getting to let ready much against my . I I used to make thanks. once till brought on another. I stood on to the wharf big pile the boat was made fast a and cheered on Dublin.

I often think of him. they do not I. and no room for him to swim. that true. And right here I would like to say a word It is said concerning labouring men. couldn't make out where he I had got neath Pull to till heard a voice down be" : me spluttering out me up! I'm dhrownin'!" Reddy It ! was poor Paddy. sure enough. though he was but a rough hulk of a dredger a magnetic. As he was making the drive for me he stepped on nothing. enough. for there was nothing for him to grab at. hard left-and-right. icy It self in cold water. He was a fing type of man. This stopped the But Dublin. fighting. I He would have been drowned. This is not who have been a labouring . my intense surprise.Life him have to on an Oyster-Boat a 61 when. able man. the indomitable Patrick suddenly I dark. and It was disappeared. and the first thing he knew was the finding of him- yanked was a good job I was sober Paddy up. who never had had the ghost of a chance in this big world. between the boat and the the wharf. think.

62 man. and though he did fight. The squall struck the yawl and capsized her. and though he had been in' prison often and often. He would give the last cent he had to a stranger if the He was sympastranger needed it. and who are alleged to be intellectual. brave. though he did get drunk. the A Man bear witness main. He one of the sudden in squalls in the that come up the winter time Chesapeake Bay. fine man. and. above all. to Adrift the fact that. I mean that they have more genuine mind-power. iron The facts. God him was a brave. thetic and noble. fighting in the cold ! and Dublin died rest waters. little He was scull- ing a yawl to the schooner he be- longed to. grim. labourer is faced with and is his judgment life. are in men who than rough of and illiterate have more vigour the thought and imagination have received educational men who advantages. He . whatever its scope evolved from a first-hand experience of actual Poor Dublin! He was lost at night in was drowned.

of having taken his hand. though he had known the inside of prisons. Dredger though he was. He had blue eyes and and he was a middle-sized man of a powerful build.Life on an Oyster-Boat pal in 63 He face. tramp though he was. I never knew his real name. I Everyone liked him. was my my friend. am proud of having known him. . of having been his friend. There was fair something fine the expression of his hair.

out till sunset. and well the captain thought in we might as be getting to harbour.V. We had more than twenty tons burthen. spells of wind. and far off on the north-west the sky was gradually darkening. which lay about seven miles to the north-west. We thought able that. and headed WE for off Black Walnut Harbour. been dredging for oysters all Our little schooner was not the morning. FIGHTING A NOR'-WESTER hauled in our dredges. sure enough. All the morning there had been a nasty swell and now and then smartish rolling. 64 . we would be it to weather But white caps began to show on the waves. and there were seven men of us aboard. and a nor'-wester always means It was near the end of the business. likely enough. The weather had begun to look ugly. We were in for a nor'-wester. all told.

the nor'-wester smashed I down rushed on as us. We were in Right in a whirl of flying. it. Go in or stay out. 65 in the shallow. forward to ease the sheet. Beating up in the eye short of the wind with meant making very tacks . dan- Suddenly. Besides. in fact. cutting spray. as I was coiling the dredge rope round the neck of the starboard dredge. was no harbour at all for a nor'-wester. wind-gusts. tear- ing flames as the flashed on them. and claps of thunder. and strained if she would break away. and. The jib bellied out. streaks lightning We were shipping murderous-looking seas. The harbour we were making for lay off right dead in the eye of the wind. and the tops of the waves looked like the edges of of big. It was Hobson's choice.Fighting a Nor'-wester month of December gerous waters of the Chesapeake Bay. If we could make right this we would be sheltered a good deal. It was dark now. but there was no other place for us to make for. there was a small bend in it to the west over at the end.

The frost numbed in altogether. weather boat. her before she were to bear down upon was had the recovered business from the sea before. would be done. In a gale of wind there . Jack and I were amidships hanging on halyards. and we would be fighting for our lives in the We would struggle a little cold waters. took the foresail We Then we worked slowly with the jib and short mainsail. with ever. drowning rats. cold work. along harder but the gale broke than The captain was at the wheel. to the mainsail The schooner labouring terribly. over his ears.66 A Man Adrift everything close reefed and the sheets hauled down flat. heavylike and die freezing. and it looked If a big sea as if she might swamp. It up was hard. She was of the wrong shape and of too small a tonnage to be a good. my I fingers even through the thick mittens time it wore. Victor was forward tending the jib sheet. By this had lightened up again. the lappets of his sou'-wester tied down His brother stood by him.

How we managed it I don't know. schooners were straining and tugging at their anchors inside the They had been caught suddenly. as we were caught. wind was so strong that we were The not able to make the very short tack could we . Now we bend. managing to us some coffee we would never have been able to do anything. It was one continuous. it would be all right.Fighting a Nor'-wester is 67 nothing like having plenty of tonnage under you. Sloops harbour. is Hot good mixed with and whisky. If were in and close up to the make our way up But we couldn't. the cook. Frank. and had no time to make for a better harbour from the nor'-wester. All of us cold. a drink or a tight place. were drenched through and deadly Only make coffee. desperate fight with big. After a long and hard time we beat our way up to the edge of the harbour. chopping seas and a wind that cut you and wrenched you and stung you to the bone for at the same time.

It was like running into death. . Adrift to let necessary to get our anchors go So we had right where we were. They were too light. so that we could find them afterwards. Crunch Drag There was nothing for us to do but to let the anchors go altogether. and then we turned and made for the mouth of There was nothing the harbour again. We fixed buoys on to the chains before we cast them off. The minute they chocked the schooner up we began to pay out all the chain we could afford. once our anchors began. to drag. This had been the chief reason for our trying to make the at bend. The other boats in the harbour their were holding dently had much pared with their size than but they eviheavier anchors com- own. we had. Drag ! ! ! for it but to run out into the nor'-wester till and take our chances itself the gale wore down.68 A Man in. In heavy weather the more chain there is out to the anchor it the better chance has of holding. to For a while we seemed But all be all right.

What we were going to do was not very clear. The object of going out again after we had lost our anchors was to save the boat.Fighting a Nor'-wester 69 Right near the edge of the harbour we collided with a big schooner swinging at anchor. We were staking to our lives for And lose it looked as if we were going No one could tell what would come from one minute to another. them. We for our losing in game had too many chances of it. closed and For a few seconds the boats seemed to grapple together. and our fore-shrouds were torn away on the of her port side. He had stopped aboard the big schooner. it. We might be swamped or something might give way. . part Both of us suffered. could hardly blame him. She had bowsprit wrenched off. however. but when we looked round for the German he was gone. At this point the German who belonged to our help to crew got on to the big schooner to In a minute push our boat off. free of her we were and rushing on before the gale.

Lowering the hung useless. it. up in the air as if he had been shot out of a rushed forward and flung over flying him go right up. We shouted. The jib was flapping viciously. The traveller. I of saw Victor clean as I gun. life-buoy yawl that The captain flung out the we had. We could do nothing. It only little astern would have been worse than that would have lived in no more than a few seconds the sea was running. which ran along the foot. who was standing on it. and Victor.yo A Man Adrift an accident happened. to It is awful to see a man all death in such a way. The wooden jib-traveller broke away all at once. He had been jamming the jib sheet to leeward with his big iron ring at the bottom of the sheet. but I could see noThe sea had swallowed thing of him. the end of a rope. The first thing to do was to let it down with . And now was flung overboard. had caught the in the middle of suddenly force and traveller had smashed upwards through the the wind on the jib.

A stream of blood was running down his face. He was all right again.Fighting a Nor'-wester 71 a run. We were glad to have him safe aboard again. The was tossing about now more than ever. and yanked him aboard. and had had drifted a drink of hot coffee. and I heard it again. because of there being no jib to steady her. Then I thought I heard a voice coming from somewhere I turned forward. There was too much reason simple. and I saw Victor. fought along with the rest of . A splinter from the traveller had struck him. I looked overboard. He was down the bow I stay. The He had escape from death was had been flung overboard in the direction that the boat was going. my head. clinging to the bobjust reached down. as soon as he got his head tied up. however. which I did. And then I worked my way schooner slowly up to the bowsprit. for his to be done. but we didn't have time to tell him so. caught him in the by the scruff of the neck. Then he us. water right under of the boat. and she right on to him.

it was no use. the water rise bury itself right and bury itself again. We And as all the while the schooner seas. and we got inboard. but It was blowing too hard. As I was cautiously and slowly tying a knot I would The down in you were worth. It was one hand for yourself and the other for the boat. and stick like iron. You had to stick for all or you were gone. The next thing to do was to raise the reef it as close down as we foresail. could. was Then. I find my head a foot under would gulp. nothing Jack and I crawled out on each side of floundering and How we the bowsprit and tied it down. bowsprit would suddenly water. Our idea was to try and make take the to place of the jib by giving more sheet . shipping could be done with the jib. But at last we had it finished.j2 A Man tried to rig Adrift up a sort of traveller for the jib with blocks and lashings. stuck on the foot-ropes I don't know. and slowly I would find myself lifted up again. and raise the peak of it it a little. It was the ugliest job men ever tackled.

for all the chance I would have had. the cook. was next to me helping to reef. grannie A a strain comes upon it. was more tie an unsafe There was nothing best." it We may never Frank evidently thought dangerous to swear than to knot. for our hands were Frank. and standing I saw him tie a grannie knot. He shuddered. end we were successful fearful but we had a job reefing numbed with cold. I undid and retied and this. . Besides. for the shore was fifteen or twenty miles away.Fighting a Nor'-wester it 73 In the than we gave to the mainsail. Don't swear at a time like touch land again. and knots that slip on a boat may mean knot slips when death. it. I swore hard at Frank as the " said. knot myself. even if a man could keep his head in the big seas he would be frozen . I to do after this but for the to run before the gale and hope pulled off my big sea boots so as to have whatever chance there was of swimming when the time came. I might as well have kept them on though.

hour after hour. his face set and calm. soaked boots made my feet cold anyway. The run the thing was get into and schooner ashore. But I must say the for He stuck to game. and we knew where we were we were . The night was upon us now. Adrift in But all a tight time one instinctively does one can. The long. away an inlet that he knew. but little The captain's brother began for to cry. captain the wheel was He was a man from the eastern part of Maryland. Still.74 up in A Man no time. the captain saw. able to see the lie of the bay shore being was a good thing. the en. We from Black Walnut had run farther Harbour than we of this inlet thought. and the But moon came out clear and bright.d. It was this that saved us for in off. We before got into the inlet all right. he was more than a boy. one couldn't blame him. to The beach of it was sloping and sand. the gale broke on as hard as ever.

of danger. And the gale roared and roared. we pulled ourselves off the beach at high tide. fighting brute of a man I would have been struck and ill-used into the bargain. The was so gradual that we could hardly ourselves beaching. a dog a place not fit If I hadn't been a dangerous. Aye.had worked my life out to create wealth for others. I. and We everything was calm and quiet again. had worked the blood and muscle out of wealth for others. Then We we went back and picked up our anchors. And when the nor'-wester had worn itself out.Fighting a Nor'-wester safe 75 slope feel and sound on the sand. But we were snug and out stayed there two days. and for my reward I had neither a place to sleep . ******* I to Black Walnut Harbour At last I grew tired of dredging. had weathered the nor'-wester. I was as hard up as when I began. my body I to create in had lived in the midst of absolute to kennel filth in. Labour had brought me nothing but hardship and degradation.

76 in A Man eat. I thought? I got neither reward nor respect. . Adrift nor a bite to What was the use of working at all. So I faced about and became a tramp.

You for and no one cares for you. and without self-respect. You are dispirited. You are in a mental chaos. You are a link dissevered from the human chain. Your thoughts waver. You will forget where and how you began to think. be penniless tramp care Is a no curious experience. does not apply to you. And caring you wander hardly knowing where you wander. or As you shuffle along people glance at you as they pass. that the world The aphorism owes every man a living .VI. Projects will 77 come up before . You haven't spirit enough to steal you haven't continuity of mind enough to plan a course of action. Things about you seem vague and elusive. dirty. for you are a man without a home a man without friends. ON TRAMP and on To one. Scorn is in their eyes.

you are or what you were matters You may be a man with a past. You may be one who has belonged to the topmost class you may be a labourer. to rob. If a man had . or a low-down thief. to like to hold the world in the hollow of your hand so that you might crush it. or you ask alms of stray. you may be a man with a future. passing men. have shuddered at the bare idea. them. But you are impotent your pulse is down Who not. And you beg for bread. sharp resentment. How shameful You would have thought that ! death would be preferable. you shuffle along. from out the dispirited filth of the slums. murder.78 you. You knock at the doors of houses and ask for something to eat. in It may have been life that at one time your you would have thought it You would impossible for you to beg. A Man and they If Adrift you grasp enough in you would hate everything and everybody. you You would feel hard. or a man . will fade before you had force You would like to do You would destroy.

. bearing with you a wonderful dream world.On Tramp said 79 you would come to this you would have struck him in the face. And this is something. No one If people have a conwaiting for you. You Still there are times to you. know who and what you are interested in the strange You have dreams unfoldings of yourself. world and fancies and curious longings. You A opens to you within yourself. You are thrown in upon the first yourself. will feel the sense of freedom that you may be comes from a total lack of responsibility. For time in your life. at least they let you alone. perhaps. one is tempt for you. you really begin to are. And you walk on and on. No is dependent upon you. kill them. Perthat haps when you did think of able-bodied men begging you thought ball it them as wretches hardly worth the powder and of would take to feel sad. It when a fine moment comes that you will feel the curious sense of power that beIt may be that longs to utter loneliness.

even as you will die.80 A Man Adrift What matters to you the contempt of people who move in grooves. They will For you the sun shines as shines for them. you move along with a brisk step you ask for bread without shame. common with them you have the air to breathe. . it For you the water In flows as flows for them. ? After they will die. In common with them you can see the strange pictures in the clouds. In moments when these thoughts are with you. Yes. they will die in come it to dust. In common with them you can move and think and see and hear. who themselves fear the opinions of others all. a day.

. We were F just two outcasts who met by 81 . we shared the food that we begged from the road. We . Billy really never had the least idea. tramped along looking for work together we slept same haystack together we whacked up what little money we got for doing odd When things were absolutely tight. distant sort of way as if he were speaking more to himself than to me. into He name was and that was the end and beginning of anything tangible he had to say about himself. Billy. Where he it is now I have no life.VII. the farmhouses we passed on was I Who idea. jobs. True. he spoke now and then of his life in the past. but only in a vague. BILLY BILLY and in the I were partners. He came me his and went out of told suddenly my in a like way.

and then started on our .way together. There was a pleasant ring in his voice. I saw him first as I was going along the road to Baltimore. partner ! I I stopped are you and looked at him. sad-looking. he was a tramp like myself. He was sitting under a hedge on the roadside when I a tired. too." he answered. was a beautiful afternoon in tember. We we It " I'm going that way. as world's standpoint. and in them was a curious look of mingled pathos and resentment the look that marks the man whose life has been a failure from the said. and worn. A Man Adrift and who stayed by each other while circumstances permitted. " " Hello.8a chance. bearded noticed him man His clothes were of about forty-five. or American . "Where bound for?" " Baltimore. and covered with dust. talked for a little while. The leaves of the trees Sepwere already beginning to turn to the rich varied colours of the fall. On old the face of it. His eyes were large and blue." I said.

Likely never found out who he was. 83 I I Though I had no idea where felt would sleep that night. The felt clear cries of birds filled the air. little The man had After a while I found out what I he was. I glad as It road. less stepped out freely along the was worth while being a nameI and homeless tramp for the sake of living and moving through a scene like this. to the full There was something so the joy of life. enough he wished to forget it himself. I knew as much about him I in the first half hour as ever knew. was an English gentleman who had drifted away from his bearings. and I had no curiosity on that score. individuality. vital and clear and sustaining in the air. Billy and I talked He interested me very much not so say. for I This was as far as ever got. and come He .Billy autumn. Off from the road were glades and forests toned with curious and exquisite colours. much because of what he had to but because of himself. As we walked along together.

The memory We since passed from me. Off over near a big farmhouse we sighted a haystack. He did of course. is it. We past forests. and then to go and We lay down near the climb up into it. he was a gentleman. the drift of which has Bay. but I saw it almost at a glance. silver It was the Chesapeake waters of a bay. of that strange aftertalked noon will always be with me. human say wreckage.84 down that in the A Man world Adrift just a piece of not. There was no mistaking curious. when the sun began to sink." him was air that air fine. and we determined to wait till grew darker. we came to a halt. About "manner. and began to discuss as to where we should pass the night. of many things. cornfields tramped on and on for hours and peach orchards and Now and then we saw in the distances stretches of the shining. it . half-insolent that that called Hardship and the humiliation of having to beg for his bread had not robbed him of this. At last. and when it was dark we crossed hedge.

refreshing bed. Our idea was to ask the people there for breakfast. but that hardly suited us. clear stars were shining above us. changing open country was a much more alluring prospect than sticking at hard steady work. At the time I met Billy I was all but to an illiterate man being hardly able . and we climbed up into the fresh. The cool. lightful bed after the tramp of the day. and When made a detour house from so as to approach the farmthe front. Besides. as our object was to get to Baltimore. We had found a most dea fragrant. were afraid of dogs hearing us and setting We We got there all up a . the charm of tramping the road was upon us. After we had done a little work they gave us breakfast. morning came we got down out of the haystack without being seen. Moving along through the the main road. clean hay. right. Then we started out again on We could have got work on the farm.Billy 85 the field cautiously to the haystack.barking.

. could give him nothing. He did not do so knowingly. and knew something about men. and to possess I it. It man whose name even you But such was the case. he knew things self easily he could express himand surely. still he had an True. tage had not been able to stop him from coming down in the world. Thus I was able read and write. nevertheless. I appreciation was Of the two I alone was the gainer. Though he was .86 A Man But Adrift still I had had a wide experience of actual living. I longed that if for it seemed to me to had it I would have a chance raise myself. this advanadvantage over me. though of but am afraid my little help to him. however. It is a curious thing to meet with and be indebted to a don't know. It was rather that was struck with the great ence that lay between us. He had I differ- style . whilst he gave me a great deal. was Billy who first gave me the idea of trying to educate myself. But I felt it to be an advantage. but a tramp like myself. to appreciate I Billy at his full worth.

These days were days. and I would repeat and repeat at last I it after him till got it it. And our so went as we slowly tramped on Baltimore. He and me of the mysterious origins He told me how vagaries of religion. in gave But he little I volunteered to help me. forget grimy. slip in speak- ing he would me and explain to me why was a He told went into the history of the world and of the nations of the world. for me wonderful . It was dog-eared and it. but it answered the purpose. I got now. to I way to Billy took the greatest possible. chanced to have my pocket a or where ten-cent dictionary. How My first task was to learn to pronounce the big words in it properly. the geologists had wrested from the earth and rocks their dim secrets. Billy would tell me the right pronunciation. pains teach me it as much as When tell it made a of slip.Billy It 87 that Billy was a curious look I me when I spoke of this to him.

lave our faces and hands in water. And so the trees. have a little money by us to We wanted let to when we got us Baltimore. The farmer would Sleeping on a warm night in a great. we would come back hungry to breakfast and then we would work on to dinner-time. After working an hour or so. the smell of the live in towns ? At daybreak and out call the farmer would come and we would get up. we would have supper and go back to then on the barn. sleep at night in the barn. beautiful with their green leaves full fruit. and go us . After sunset up to sunset. I liked the odd days we worked in the peach orchards best. smell of the earth and fine its and refreshing is earth Why do people ! How produce. and . looked the with sun shining . The orchards were filled with an exquisite aroma. roomy barn is In the air is the cool fresh delightful. into the field or orchard. and delicately-coloured.A Man We Adrift at cutting worked now and then corn or picking peaches.

The forest and wide came up before me. Even soiled I the waters bay town. gliding streamfresh waters. us to take as 89 we The much farmer would allow of the fruit as wanted for ourselves. with its calm. and money we had between us was and all a dollar and seventy-five cents. looked black from to wharves. spread them out in the sun. glorious health. At our other to times way bathe stop on in a stream. Then we would would wash our clothes. a big town of busy streets and wharves. Billy . It was so different from the peaceful country. and lie down and wait for them to dry.Billy through them. At last we were in Baltimore. We had got into Baltimore the night before. thought pure fields and the clean. and the the foul air. Here was nothing but rush and and unrest of hurry. We had been tramping all day the we were very tired. we where lay ships of all descriptions. I and was sorry of the be in the air.

A Man of Adrift near cheap lodging-house Lightstreet Wharf. The work was freight rather hard but it unloading a ship was more interesting than labourkept from ing work usually is. were lucky enough to pick up some work on the wharf. who gave Billy a cordial Billy had stayed in the lodging-house on and off for a long time. house were two great rooms. or dormibeds each. and we a went The keeper of it was a man named Murray. Every man his pillow.90 knew the there. Here one could get a bed for ten cents. narrow beds stand- ing in two long rows with a space of about a foot and a half between them. for which we were paid at the rate of twenty Billy and cents an hour. In the welcome. fifty They were small. and a meal for fifteen cents. During all this time Billy on . slept with his clothes If this precaution under were not or taken one was apt to wake up and find either his money I if he had any part of his clothes gone. which held tories.

interfered. I I felt myself awakening and growing. and all had re- sented like Englishman. carried into arch- The sublimeness of the thoughts and words a great light. where the angels address themselves to God. Faust. to see something beautiful even began in the my mind squalor around me. muscular from New York I was going This ingly to him. for. he I was proud of his country. me whenever he got some books. I took Billy's part a A big. I had committed to memory I nearly the whole of the great poem. Soon ******* One night fellow strike in the in lodging-house quarrel. amongst which was a translation of Goethe's masterpiece. would repeat parts of it aloud to Billy. was not . talking Billy disparag- England. heart At the once I learned verses in off by be- wonderful the ginning of the poem. man had been of it.Billy teaching I 91 got a chance. and he would explain to me the meaning of certain passages.

I'll I "You your " I I'll on like him. would have the down my Billy. more than laid my quarrel. I fight my own " battles. said. that he would have no in earthly muscular American. said again. shirt. Look Won't here." he But see took no notice. hit Billy." I pulled off my to coat and the waist." Billy did not me to interfere. I'm more fight you. in his and he was rather slow suitable at all movements. you won't. rough for quick. He's " my partner. sides. "Come Strip off. " No. and let's what you can do." I said to the American." can't size. and I stood naked Then ." by God pick ! he exclaimed. you mustn't " I.92 much A Man interested in Adrift the matter of hear- ing England blood myself see Billy abused but I being wasn't of Irish going to knocked about. fighting." said to the American. saw chance BeEnglishman. quietly. quarrel I His quarrel was life my for I in fact. on. not " " a fight with the big Billy was not strong.

Billy
tightened

93
I

my

belt.
I

All the time

kept

my
for

eye peeled. a quick rush.

was on the lookout

The American other men stood
a ring.

also
off

got

ready.
us,

The

around

making

We
when

were just about to get to work
Murray, the boss,

came up

into

This stopped the thing the big room. at once. Murray was afraid of the
police.

And
glad

to

tell

the

truth,

I

was
as
I

rather

of

the

interruption,

had
not

*******
I

strong could polish off the big American.
old

doubts

as

to

whether

or

Dear
they

Billy!
to
call

used
I

"English Billy," as him. Years afterin

wards
totally

was again

Baltimore, under
I

different

circumstances.

called

at the

common

get some

lodging-house to try and I was no tidings of him. longer

a tramp. for me.

The world had grown
I

easier

had changed. Murray was still at the old lodgingHe was older and greyer. He house.

wondered who

it

was

who was

asking

94

A Man
I

Adrift
Billy

him about this English to come and get a bed
house.

who used
not

at his lodging-

could

see

that

he had

the slightest idea as to who I was. He could tell me nothing. Billy had

gone away years ago.

VIII.

SHOVELLING
of labouring
is

OF

all

the

kinds

work

I

have ever tackled, shovelling It trying and monotonous.
the sheer,
nity goes with
it

the most

is

work of
If dig-

unadulterated order.
as
it

is

alleged to go

with

all

hazard

I can only labouring work the opinion that this dignity is

of the most diaphanous and hard-to-beIt certainly escaped perceived kind. power of observation.

my

Fellows have asserted to

me

that the

navvy was "Give him
in the

really fond of his shovelling. his pipe and his glass of beer

evening, and he goes back to his the morning with joy." This assertion has been made to me with varying degrees of emphasis, but truth com-

work

in

pels

me

to

add that the fellow who so
never had been

asserted was not a navvy

a navvy, and never was likely to be a
95

96
navvy.

A Man
He
wordful

Adrift
leisured theoriser.

was some

And it has person. that the ground upon which he based his assertion was about
Some
always struck

me

as solid and as easy to be seen
alleged
dignity
art

as the

which

forms

a

halo

around the

of shovelling and other kindred arts. Indeed, the only thing solid the assertion was based upon was
the solidness of ignorance.

have been a navvy, and have necessarily mixed with navvies a great deal,
I

and
his

I

must bear witness
in other

to the fact that

I

have never heard one of them speak of

work

than tones of disgust.

own

Their eyes have been as blind as my in the matter of seeing where the
dignity

came
first

in.

My

had got a job of Columbus, on the railroad track. sniping Sniping
I

essay Ohio.

at

shovelling

was

in

is

nearly

analogous

England.

The

plate-laying in difference is that the

to

work is harder, and the hours longer, and the men are more bullied by the
bosses.
I

fear

me

that the proud British

Shovelling
workman
in

97
of

gets

a

surprise

the

most

unpleasant calibre

when he

America.
for

He

tackles a job has to do twice the

work
that

is,

much about the same money when everything is considered.

But to

my

maiden experience

in

the

art of shovelling.

Myself and an old Irishman were given a job together to load up cinders on to We worked side by side, and flat cars.
the amount

we

shovelled,

as

compared

with each other, could, of course, be told

by the
labour
father

size of

our respective heaps.

The

old Irishman
-

slave.

was of the genuine type of His father and grandlikely

had
him.

most
It

been
his

labourers

before

was

in

blood.

He

was
its

a poor, last gasp, but
like

used-up old horse at still able to draw.

He
was

was
the

filled

with a spirit of emulation,
as

old

Irishman,

he
I,

worked
a strong

alongside

of me.

Here was

young man, whilst he was a man who I could see that was nearly at his end he was thinking this as he bent himself He was ould, but he would to his work. G
!

98

A Man

Adrift
!

show the boss how well he could shovel So he went at it as hard as he could. There was no such spirit impelling me. I worked with calmness and ease, and rested now and then. The result was that after some hours there was a
tremendous difference

between

our

re-

use a comparison, the spective piles. old Irishman's pile looked like one of
the

To

Himalayan
the

had

Mountains, appearance of a

while
hill

mine
very

of

modest height.

The
piles,

boss came round, looked at the

and exploded with wrath.
an
Irishman. "

He,
here,"

too,

was

Look

he

shouted.

"Look
to

at this poor ould

man

ould enough

be your grandfather!
at your pile!

Look at his pile, and look Yez ought to be ashamed
let

of yourself to

an ould man bate ye!" But I did not feel the sting of shame, and I let my lack of feeling be known to
the boss.

We
was

had a

During
his face.

it,

the old

man

sharp argument. shovelled harder

than ever.
It

A pleased
his

look had

come

into

moment

of triumph.

Shovelling

99

The

fact

young balm of Gilead

of his out-shovelling a strong man and the boss noticing it was
to him.
I

The
I

next time
in

was

had a go at shovelling A sewer was being Cincinnati.

dug in one of the main streets, and I was put on with some other men at
seven
I

The night before morning. had wandered around the city, because
in the

I

had no money
in

hardly Still, there
either

a

get a bed. condition to begin
to
alternative.

I

was

work.
It
it

was no

work or

starve.

Indeed,

was was

work and starve, too, for when twelve came lunch time I could get I could not get a sub from no lunch.
o'clock

the boss as a navvy could
It

in England. be remembered that the must always

conditions

surrounding

labouring
pitiless

work
than

in the States are

much more

they are in England.

So work
I

there
all

was nothing

for

it

but to
eat.

day without

anything to

When we

stopped at six in the evening
to being able to conbut,

was hopeless as

tinue at the work,

as

good fortune

the sun was burning the life out of one. Adrift to would have I was lucky enough be taken by one of the timberers to his But for that I would boarding-house. and anyone the gang who could not or would not keep up with him was at once discharged. of in man course. shovelling in this sewer was very " runhard work indeed. and I could not have paid once waited round for the sake of a dollar and my day's a half. to half- give up work in less than an hour because the pace was This sort of murder-work so killing. He would work. Added to this. as hard as in he could. and in addition to it pay. There was a each gang of shovellers who was secretly paid a quarter of a dollar a day more than the rest. have lost the work. system of The " A ning was in vogue there. starved gives the answer to the question as to why there are so many tramps in the men have . I have seen poor. for the contractor only a month.ioo A Man it. I have often have to give known men in America to up work because they could neither get food nor shelter.

and. surrounding it it . in the cleaner in the second place there are no degrading conditions in the third place. I have tried both. is certainly less monotonous. sore feeling I over my body. Right here I would like to explode the fallacy to the effect that extreme intellectual labour is more severe than extreme manual labour. worked there or four days unloading in the sand-scows harbour of Vancouver. I had all a strained. I 101 was glad when the end of the month came.Shovelling United States. cents The pay was rate first thirty an hour a of three dollars I a day. was hardly able to eat my supper. time. of this in perience I British Columbia. and I was able to draw what money was coming to me and to go on my way. is Perhaps the hardest shovelling of all I had an exthe shovelling of sand. real Again. to in- the world attaches dignity . Give me It is intellectual labour first every place . and I must say that my verdict is. After the day's work I as if could lie was so tired that I felt down and die.

They give who have forth their judgment the confidence of ignorance. But let us go back to the art of The reason that sand shovelling sand. is because every time you sink your shovel into the sand you get exactly the same amount and weight upon efforts you have to make off are absolutely uniform. while the dignity that is attached to manual labour smacks too much of the legendary and mythical. In the shovelling of clay or coal. the thing that . I must admit that it is a politic thing to let the navvy know with all all about the hardships of intellectual labour. it. To be just. or anybreaks up unevenly. The people who prate of the superior exhaustive quality of brain labour not are tried invariably people both. much harder work to shovel than is so gravel or cinders. or coal or clay. however.102 A Man Adrift tellectual labour. The muscles get no chance to rest or recover. and the it in pitching Making the same effort of strength through several hours at a stretch is most tiring.

Slight though this difference in made may be. it into the carts. My sole aim when as easily I was I navvying was to work as . I hit upon a scheme for making the shovelling easier. got a job with a roadwith others. me a little bit. up the soil so that the stones could be The soil was clay. and we shovelled laid. which were drawn off by mules and dumped somewhere outWe were paid at the side the town. And at the end of the day a man is nothing near so tired as he would be after a day's work In at shovelling sand. and one had to jerk the shovel hard in the This didn't suit pitching to get it off.Shovelling efforts 103 pitching vary with the different weights and sizes that get upon the shovel. of two dollars and a half a day. worked I. enough to cause a relaxing and tightening of still is the muscles get some chance to rest and recover through the variation Thus of the efforts made. it continuous the muscles. Vancouver I making gang. rate After working the first half day. The clay was apt to stick.

hardly develops a feeling for ethics. half a shovelful into the cart at every pitch. as far as regard for the interest of the contractor was concerned. I did not give the necessary jerk. a The reason for this because particular of muscles are developed out of all The man who proportion to the rest. a man who works at being easier begin to find himself I mean that he getting muscle-bound. therefore. After a time. and always . has become muscle-bound will find. Thus when I pitched. if he ever gets into a fight. I had. but it My certainly possessed the tangible merit of for Shovelling myself. immoral. The result was was always half-filled I with clay. only threw. but I saved the method was decidedly extra jerk. will find himself getting slow and stiff shovelling will and set clumsy in his is movements.IO4 A Man shovel the that it Adrift possibly could without getting the sack. that he can He give but a bad account of himself. of course. will be slow and awkward. a full shovel's weight to swing each time.

see that he doesn't get hold of you. . the way be of the other man's stronger than his opponent. but he will be unable to strike a blow that is anywhere near in proIt grieves me strength. for the And good when you are prodding him of his health. is the easiest man going to beat in a fight. to have to say that my once-upon-a-time He may much portion to his comrade. All you have to do is to keep out from him. the navvy.Shovelling in 105 blows.

and had not yet broken I had walked up the from New York into bargain a door distance of about eighteen miles. IT AT SHAFT 19. The sleeping something bunks are arranged in the fo'castle In each were two blankets of a ship.IX. told at The to foreman. Tom me come on with the seven o'clock. Chinaman stood outside the A of the shanty served. and see which bunk bunks shanty that I would have to were in arranged in sleep the in. and a mattress. so I went night shift over to the shanty to wait for supper. 1 06 . He where the meals were was pounding on a gong. I after the same way was glad when for I six o'clock came supper-time my fast that day. look round generally. 19 was late in the afternoon when I got a job at Shaft Connelly.

steaming hot coffee and tea. It was a jolly. Nothing that of the down- trodden atmosphere about them. What shanty ! a mob of us there was in the Eating and drinking and shoutand laughing and talking. And other languages. The idea Missing it would mean that you would have to wait. from all places around. sliced meat. and there was plenty of it cold. to be sure. They were ing a grimy mob. noisy crowd. You heard French. The white races of the grime earth were nearly English. There is a difference between and dirt. spring up out of the was to get to the first laying of the table. I didn't miss it. and Russian spoken and shouted all at once. German. They from had the magnetism comes actual contact with the earth. good . but not a dirty mob. The supper was good and wholesome. from the sleeping-shanty. They seemed to ground.At Men Shaft 19 107 rushed from every direction from the mouth of the shaft. all represented. too. where a load of grimed navvies were pouring forth from the up-cage.

potatoes. which fastened on to the . and fragrant. felt enjoyed that that I could tackle At seven of o'clock I stood with a crowd men in the cage. How knives and rattled ! forks " and ! plates clashed and Hey " ! here John. They steep sides of the shaft. and let down by a powerwere pulled up ful engine that stood off about thirty If the wire yards away. sweet corn. there well is a lot when you can the eat and heartily. After all. busy. down. a powerful spring suddenly pushed out two immense steel claws or catches. orders to this effect in You I heard badly-twisted languages of After meal. fell to like in life a wolf. We were ready to There were two go down the shaft. as the other went One went up cages.io8 A Man I Adrift bread and butter. sliced tomatoes that were delicious. a mountain. rushing Chinaman. The corners of them fitted into slides that were fastened along the straight. broke to which the cage was suspended. bring us some more meat a fellow would shout to the silent. all it I kinds.

. and tin oil little kettle-shaped hats. lamps fastened in the front of their These hats were shaped like sailors' so as to sou'-westers. and a whizzing in the head. Some of the crowd had candles. at And which we were sinking was it seemed as if we were after never going to get to the bottom. threatening I black wall. a sinking sensation in the pit of the stomach. Candles and lamps were lighted now as we were sinking down the shaft.At Shaft 19 109 big wooden beams lining the shaft. We seemed stopped to suddenly. came. Thus the cage was held. Suddenly we sank down into the thick black gloom of the shaft. lined with huge timbers. to what though me be an eternity. and the men were saved from being dashed to death at the bottom. felt The pace terrific. the shaft was but eight hundred feet deep. They So said could wait calmly till help the man who invented the spring and catches. keep the water which dripped from the roof of the tunnel from going down their necks. I caught a little blurred glimpse of a straight.

Out of the cage we standing beneath got. There were twenty-eight drip of water. and to drink. water was to come from Croton for the people of New York It was a tremendous job. extreme points north and south to which . north and south. the roof of the tunnel which ran north and south into the could hear in places the steady drip. tunnels extending from Croton to New One York. burrow. till The human gnomes would the tunnels all met and formed one great tunnel Through this tunnel twenty-eight miles long.no A Man Adrift and we were now earth. The contractors boarded them at the rate of four dollars a week. north and south. thousands of men were at work. and a dollar and a half a day was the lowest wages paid. As we clank! stood in the tunnel It we heard a sounded weirdly and curiously through the stillness and darkness. It was a mule drawing a car along clank! the line of short-gauge rails which ran along the floor of the tunnel from the north and south headings to the bottom The headings were the of the shaft. burrow.

Our light came from candles and lamps and torches ranged along the wall near us A fitful. belonged to the north heading gang. shattered out from the bench and heading by the dynamiteblast of the last shift. was drawn. into position their machines the foot of the bench was a great mass of broken rock. This we had to At load into the car. Then would be hoisted . I was in the pick- gang at the bottom of the bench a huge mass of rock shaped like a step. picks and shovels and drills from a car on the way. which full. when bottom by the mule to the cage at the it of the shaft. drillers Shaft 19 pierced in through the had Now we We We the north heading.At the rock. on the top of which was the narrow heading where the machine men and and-sbovel their helpers were now and getting drills. but enough for us do the work. Other and got our and machines men were following us from the next down-cage. had tramped slowly along the tunnel in were up about five hundred yards. to see to uncertain light.

crunching and Holes were being drilled at an angle from either side of the heading. Holes were being drilled into the bench. so that the dynamite would blow eating into the rock. drilling. out triangular sections of the rock. While the mule was away we were loading up another car. Whirrrr whirrrr . pieces of rock our hands. men were hand- would look up and see flashing the bright. which we had pushed up ourselves from a little siding. or bench. where a machine drill could not be got to work. Clang clang clang sledges were striking the heads of the steel hand -drills as they were being ! ! ! turned and held into the rock by peering.H2 A Man Adrift up and dumped out on the ground on top. I Now and then The grimy men. smooth faces of the seven -pound sledges as they were swung round and round by strong-armed. In down perpendicularly awkward parts of the heading. crouching men. Up above us in the heading the machine drills were whirring. we lifted into big the car with for the The We used our shovels small and crumbled pieces.

It was a chaos of whirring and crunching and ringing of driven steel and hissing of the escaping exhaust of air and crushing of rocks into the car. driven by compressed air. as the great. and shouts of " as a fellow Look out there would pinch down with " I a lever a big piece of rock from the top of would jump out of the the bench.At whirrrr Shaft the 19 113 were going machine-drills. We But we didn't think of that just worked and worked There was a curious overpowering smell of earth penetrating everything. We were gnomes buried deep. dripping down had to look us from the roof. for now and then in Water was We the tunnels pieces fell from above and men were killed. We all were gnomes gathered here from H parts of . upon out for the roof. deep down. We way us. along. much. fighting and crushing our way through the dark hidden rock. and the power of blood and bone and muscle. jagged rock crashed past dripping. Fighting our way with and air and hammers and bursting steel frightful dynamite.

A Man We Adrift In were working down fitful glarings were as blind men fighting. shouting didn't conversation you. at least you . and darkness and shadows and We We rock old with the age of thousands upon thousands of centuries. with the fellow if working alongside Even you know his language. so going. Hour heading hour passed in the north Shaft 19.H4 the earth. of The work was navvying more interesting than work usually. iron rock We But that were slowly fighting in blackness. of light could see nothing but blackness. Fifty-six gangs of gnomes who all time would meet. piercing eye after of Science. And at the same time there were twenty . in And were going a straight line abso- lutely guided by the sure. solid.eight tunnels going as we were going fifty- six headings in in all. one hardly noticed the time The noise and the curious picturesqueness of the surroundings gave You could carry on a one a stimulus. for all that we were going in a line was straight absolutely.

away in safe places. in a body. A We heading tunnel. darkness. at all. so I knew the ropes. and gloom was falling upon us. The sudden silence after the noise and movement believe affected us. and we stopped to cold luncheon get something to eat. You would part of the hardly that we were same at crowd who had had supper together seven o'clock in the evening. was brought down for us in big baskets to left the the bottom of the shaft. and walked down the and sat on and around the down- washed it cage to eat our grub. ! subdued And drip of the water . This meal was a quiet one. for exchange some ideas the navvies had a tunnel Shaft I slang as sailors have a ship slang. None of us had much The spell of midnight. Twelve o'clock was upon us before we knew where we were. 19 was not the first shaft at which had worked.At could Shaft to 19 115 manage with him. they spoke the drip ! in low. If men spoke tones. Some of down with cold tea the fellows produced bottles of beer which We they had stowed to say. or water.

We had The they drillers were getting ready were sponging out through the the holes drilled And then two wooden boxes. but there was a difference in the men. it man who of us. and we were back again in the heading. to blast. for was carrying frightful might mean sudden and death for every man . mers and the They were swinging hamrocks and it and shovels. were carefully carried up into the heading. as But was as into if using picks the life of tools men had gone if the and they were but attendant At half-past five we had cleared up all the loose rocks. Men lifting moved like phantoms. And one merged into two o'clock. long night. It was one o'clock in the morning now. about a foot and a half square each. The work was going on as before. They as were becoming so o'clock silent. and two silent o'clock into three o'clock.n6 A Man Adrift from the roof gave a weirdness to the overhanging silence. If a box fell from the arms of the it. they were round as ghosts. rocks ghosts.

horrible shock to let was If you go limp. braced yourself hard it was all the worse for you.At each box was Shaft 19 117 It filled with dynamite. yourself Even your power of will could make no . and got waited. ing I near had been down in tunnels before when the the dynamite had been set off by connecting battery. Dynamite is was in the an ugly thing to handle. The shock was all -seizing. and therefore knew what was coming. will set We and which loaded up the picks and shovels drills and machines be into two cars tunnel far we pushed down to the enough away from the actual Then we destroying effect of the blast. some distance behind them. By this time the holes in the bench filled. to The best way stand the tremendous. tell what amount of shock One can never it off. primed and and the heading boss was standheading us the and were ready to touch off dynamite with an electric battery. He touched if off. shape of big cartridges from ten to twelve inches long.

it was as you were standing inside a gigantic You felt the shock of death cannon. . your brain. It was fine to see and feel it after being down in the darkness for eleven hours. the And after that shanty to get we turned in. without being dashed to death. After the blast we got into the cage and went up into the clear morning air.n8 A Man Adrift In fact. your blood. and the sun was up. if along a in a direct In fact. intact just as is the exploding powder in the bore of a cannon. Your body. it would headway against it be better if you did not know it was coming at all. ourselves We over washed to and then went breakfast. It was summer-time. Its power was confined and kept line. Imagine it! You were two hundred yards away from a terrific explosion that rushed space twenty by twenty feet. your will were struck violently and horribly.

night night year roll. It is a French town. Here Wheels on for gambling goes on in day in in day out. for has become out. balls cards shuffle The gambling-houses 119 are on Royal . year whirr. some time or another. A levee has been built to protect it.X. and that ever hanging over New But the town is gay and bright of life. is a picturesque town built It lies in the form of a crescent round a bend of the Mississippi. Americanised. the waters of which are eighteen inches higher than the level of the town. IN PRISON NEW ORLEANS upon a swamp. the town will be swept away by the overThus there is rushing of the great river. but the inhabitants say that. a shadow full Orleans. ever. out.

white-capped and white-aproned. An a Around is in the market is the huny and But there bustle of buying and selling. All may enter. lust no one notices or is criticises.120 Street. The tramp may rich. it matters not how shabby the attire. may serve it to you across stall. is men to a common How Market! quaint and beautiful the French Here may be got the most the world. A man need not be ashamed of meanness for of dress. Its delicious coffee in effect upon one wine. The after gold a passion that brings level. If a man has no to get himself a place to sleep at money he may go in and sit down. and there is no one to censure or to eject. jostle elbows with the well-groomed blood. or how disreputable and low down the appearance. They are fitted up in luxurious They may be blamable institu- but at least they are democratic. A Man Adrift fashion. to toe. night. It is like that of some rare old warms and soothes from crown old negro. in the hurry and bustle a . He is welcome to share the light and warmth. tions.

you may go to a saloon on the corner of Royal Street and get a sumptuous free lunch as much as ever you can eat of the best food. A if from the chef will serve you with a cut joint. promiscuous everywhere. chattering . If benedictions. and is lit up by lights. flower-girls arrange . the Creole patois negroes pass. and at peace with the I world in general. cry out the merits of their wares in shrill. suffering from a twenty-four hours' and full have come out into the street again and satisfied. baskets are you are hard up and hungry in this town. and a dish of delicious soup hours. People hurry and bustle of the North.In Prison suggestion of 121 not the It is languor. you get there between I have gone into this certain saloon fast. and you possess a dime. Canal Street at night presents one of the most beautiful city sights of the world. electric very wide. wheezy tie voices . which shine from the tops It is . and horses and up bunches of flowers drivers shower carts back and start again .

voices. In this town I spent a month in prison. clear. the clearness hangs death. who work dogs during the day for roustabouting on a Mississippi steamboat is the hardest it about New air is full and forget imaginable at night over their songs. But still ******* it lies is the town for bright and gay under the shadow of destruction. and the harmonic lot effects they get are peculiar and beautiful. ! work A bright and and golden. extending along for miles. The effect of the lights piercing in a straight line through the distance is fine. But in the air there lurks disease. dread and foul. happy-go-lucky like of They are a fellows. A Man Adrift in the These columns stand centre of the street. Overhanging is the eternal threat of the river. . Orleans Its strange town. Often they have fine strange part-songs. On the levee at night the negro roustabouts collect together and sing quaint. and its sunshine And beautiful orange In trees are in the gardens.122 of columns.

We submitted to the arrest. " you have ten If show me I that dollars apiece. and it would only have ended our being shot. " you ? I had two and the other fellows you can't had none. and how much money we had. I pointed out to him the injustice of the whole thing. in in sight. and what we were going to do. and that we had freight been working together lately on John " No Diamond's plantation. when a policeman came along. When I found out that he was really going to do what he said. will arrest the three of you. matter. I had a notion to knock him down and get But there were other policemen away. ." But he was obdurate. He at once began to question us as to who we were." concluded the policeman. and asked him if that were the way they did things in the " Land of the Free.In Prison I 123 was standing on the levee talking with two other sailors." he on the look-out said. I explained to him that we were for a job .of unloading from a ship. " How much money have dollars.

The fact of being arrested did not seem to weigh much on any of us. He sang "Carry me back to Ole Virginny" the song of the slave who had been sold flogged. I sent out for I some beer with the two dollars had we were allowed this privilege if we paid and we made merry. and that night we were with some others in the calaboose There were about twenty of us in all negroes and white men. voice.124 A Man levee. Through it ran the sadness of the life of the slave. we made the best of it. Adrift We were shut up on the taken. It is easy for it and natural to make merry with people who are in the same boat as yourself. The man who sang but he was born had not been a slave. mournful timbre. with the sense of the degradation of being and bought and sold. and sang One negro had a most beautiful It was a voice of sweet. songs. We told stories. of us had had the requisite ten dollars So necessary to ensure us our liberty. We were comforted by the curious philosophy that None goes with poverty and misfortune. . compared notes.

In Prison 125 away from the place where he was born. other side would bribe them to vote. but they could even make a profit on them while in prison . His voice seemed to chime in with the spirit of the situation. we were nothing but white and black slaves together. for they would give them no money. did Why the the party in power not bribe strangers themselves was rather a puzzle. This negro sang more than anyone else. of arresting Such a simple thing as the stranger being an alien could be easily got over by supplying him with a name and an address. It may have been that it was cheaper to clap them into not only have to gaol. and power took the precaution all the strangers they could They were afraid the lay their hands on. And so the night wore away. is The buying and the staple selling of votes one of industries of the United States. seems that an election was going the party in on. It was not till a long time after that I It learned the real reason of our arrest. After all.

. But now After my prejudice had received a shock. I said I was glad that Fate had so willed it that I had been born in the north of England. everything was said and done. but afraid I am only produced a bad Americans don't him. We were sent to prison for a month. prejudice I had inherited a against everything English with my Irish blood. freedom. their Adrift maintenance to the When we Justice stiff were brought up before the spoke out first time in I next morning.A Man by charging up State. For the the I my life was proud to own that I was an Englishman. while America only boasted in a blatant way about them. England was absolutely the freest country in the She practised the principles of world. and strong. impression upon like their country or their institutions to that I be criticised. I talked like this to the Justice.

ripening for experience. which he effect is The made reason. harsh world into which he has it. outside. man is made of the thinnest tissue paper imaginable.In Prison 127 ii IN prison. a habit man who is given to the of thinking passes through many Shut off from the world mental stages. He His into its most obscure fold and depth. The small. the whole of his mind as it were sees passes in review before him. for it will require but a slight effort of his intellect to show him that he is being made a scapegoat to suffer because that he is being made been bold enough to realise in action an idea he shares in common with other he has The* partition that separates the criminal from what is called the honest men. . to suffer can have no upon him in the way of making him downcast. imagination becomes freer more powerful. been thrown has no power to cramp He passes through a curious. or crime.

The whites were herded Where know. together the negroes were put I don't In the daytime we shared in common the freedom of The negroes and whites themselves distinction apart. perhaps The was more sharply drawn here than in the world outside. There were about as many negroes as whites in this prison. but contempt. usually kept race however. The no law punishes. but the it certainly contempt Indeed. There was a white captain of the yard . was so stupid has be thrown into prison for nothing. it for desperate law-breaker. regretted that had to not done something.128 A Man in Adrift HAD committed no crime. the big yard. in two great cells. but that I was none the better I I realised that. But for the failures and hard-ups and unfortunates the law has not only punishment. I fact. shows practically that it has a respect for him. for Better In men I than I had committed bitterly It crime.

with each other. and unfortunate. enough to satisfy us. I . however. used to wake up at night dreaming that I was When we were eating plentifully. and a pint of alleged coffee in the morning and The bread was nothing near evening.In Prison and a black captain of the yard in 129 prisoners favour with the chief warder. carried heavy clubs. for it made the time hang talk wearily on one's hands. I was hungry I during the whole month I was there. Everyone of us suffered from hunger. no work for the prisoners to do beyond the cleaning out of the cells. and pick up and eat the crumbs that astonishing It is can taste when a how delicious dry bread man is really hungry. eating the bread for we would carefully watch fell. This was of their respective races. off to told keep order who were amongst the men These captains they had the power to knock down any man who was There was disorderly or insubordinate. sentenced. We could We wore the clothes in which we were For food we were given a small loaf of bread each day.

he was remembered for it. and we governed ourwhile in there selves by a code of laws. and other If a man showed a particular officers. aptitude for the exercise of any function. and had been handed from one set to another for years. These laws had been made by prisoners. The warders would stand off enjoying it. and when he came back again to the prison he was . Now a nigger would clutch a loaf from a white man. prisoners. man would And as they tear it fought they would send out sharp. wolves for the bread. Hungry white men and black men would sprawl and fighting like tumble in a heap together. cries. a sheriff. clear. wolf-like in There were about fifty men in the cell which I was. by the surroundings. They were based on the same principles as the laws governing a country or any society modified.130 A Man Adrift To amuse themselves the warders would sometimes pitch loaves of bread to the The sight was most sickening. We had a president. a judge. Now the white from him again. of course.

cross-examined the witnesses for the I prosecution. and the man was let go. The trial was rather long. cell.In Prison elected possible. I crime was a severe "paddling. The was law. case. of the the cell The judge counsel for appointed me defence. trial and was as serious as a could be. One of the laws of the cell was that no man should steal another's bread. for this belt." as it was there. The punishment called. and same spirit that a grave a recognised court of would be in The the I chief warder stood at the door of listening to the trial. . And in won my My speech for the defence was applauded. 131 it to the office. must say that the judge allowed the end me I rather a free hand. issue issue at stake treated in the was a grave one. a man did flogging with a Whilst was steal another man's bread/ He as was found out and tried for the offence. if were at all The warders never interfered with the laws of the prisoners.

men under There was one man in spent a good deal of He was a burglar a particular. too. who had time in prisons. because he. had been ignominiously gathered in with the rest of us. or sit We yard where we would walk or lounge tell down and each other our histories with the frankness of a common ban. with blue eyes and an indomitable expression of talked of burglary as a would talk of any other profession. and so could not help thinking that his was a profession which called into play a tremendous amount The burglar of daring and natural talent. . it break into a house the kind of house I to break into. He man He when knew every to twist and turn of on. most intelligent-looking man. face. Also there was a young English fellow He was little more from Birmingham.132 A Man rv Adrift How above clear and beautiful was in ! the sky us the great spent the day about. could not show ten dollars.

Though there pline. I must confess that the idea had for me I a great charm. and I seemed to take his fancy. he explained. doing something. A man was tied up. had been a highway robber. hold up a man properly one to cover him fellow with the pistol. than a boy. while the other saw that all he turned out his wealth. one could live and there was the excitement of never knowing what would turn up next. Men was punished were bound up and torreally a tured in a contrivance called the stocks.In Prison 133 He had a fine. still was the hardly any discibreaking of the few exist prison-rules that did terribly. This young with blue eyes. open face. well. And at the worst I would have the consolation of into gaol for knowing that had got Besides. racking was done was in a small shanty .. a trifle hard. The stocks was rack. He thought that we would do well if we took the road It took two. laid upon it. to together. and tortured by means of stretching and twisting the The place where this joints of his legs.

seen a man hustled into the shanty and afterwards have heard him groaning and screaming. had some dispute. man I but I have . look at each other fear- In these horrible moments even lost.134 A Man racked. is a upon us as we listened to it We stood in in the yard was awful. for no one knew whose turn would come next. Adrift painted black which stood off over in I never saw a the corner of the yard. of a The screaming The effect man thing that can never in agony be forgotten. cowed and disheartened. we were After being tortured the taken to the hospital. and the negro " a white son of a Com. and affect the beating The cowed negroes and of the heart whites would fully." called me We ing from the mouth of a black man. this . the sense of distinction of race was We were fellow-prisoners before negroes or whites. I man would be myself came near being racked through having a quarrel with a negro. The cries of the tortured man seemed to get into the blood. groups.

and try as I might I was unable to move. His fist was raised. Then I stood over him. and then jumped at the negro. But here negro. and as I was backing away from him he suddenly the instead simply turned his flung his arms himself. getting up body round and got upon his hands and knees. but he didn't strike. I had no idea what he was up to. if possible. I had fallen a victim to a trick back. I was completely at my opponent's mercy. ing flat on the ground. I . According to the feeling of white men in the Southern States I would have been justified in I shooting him dead. round and Before flung I my ankles. raised me clean over his realise it I head. ready to knock him down when he got He up for again. striking him twice in the face. could was lying on my upon me. stepped back. I made of a mistake.In Prison insult 135 was the most odious imaginable. went down. with the negro's weight Both my shoulders were touch- commonly practised by the roustabouts. looked up at the negro and waited.

I would be And fear came over me as I tortured. For thing was over in a few some reason or another the black captain of the yard who was standing near ignored the fight. struck first?" he demanded. The was in for I man who did. chief the warder came I running his up." This was the end of the incident. you're a white as he turned away. around Just as the crowd that had collected us was dispersing. looked into the warder's face. The whole seconds. "Who to thought. my shoulder. My colour had saved me. On Sundays we attended Divine Ser- ." struck first would be the man be racked! "I I said. I felt my time had come. he got up from me suddenly and helped me to my feet. His eyes blazed as he laid hand heavily on it. man.136 As I A Man Adrift was wondering what would be the reason of this. The black man was magnanimous. He spared me. " It's a damned good job he said.

be better for me to work like a dog and a slave. tones of the organ playing in the little I wondered what I should prison church. Strange thoughts used to to come into full my mind as I listened the rich. if only for an hour. would have understood us absolutely. His image was there before us. it 137 this. or would it be better for me to go and rob and live easy. the founder of our religion And indeed was One who was hard up and despised.In Prison vice. . do when I Would it got out into the world again. for We We all looked forward to was a pleasure and a relief to feel that one was a man once more. showing Him as He suffered an awful and ignominious death. and take my chance? Or would some curious stroke of luck happen to me that would lift me out of my present groove? Honesty and labouring with the hands only brought degradation and contempt. The Man whose name would live while the world lasted had been a tramp and He a criminal. knelt before the altar on the same terms as other men.

and undtrhand thing essence after all ? violence was even but right Was the very subtle of ? Religion a hypocrisy . Not such the burglar's cowardly. took them. safe theft. As a rule the criminals who were put in prison were those whose crimes savoured somewhat of nobility. that to follow out the teaching of the Galilean impossible? Could it be the that cowardly theft and meanness. have taken the hand of the burglar than the hand of the business man. But use blinking the fact? I thought. The but mean. fraud. It off scot- was said that it vengeance over- was only said. would sooner Christ theft. and lying. and What was the violence had to be used. Or was could it be. To conquer the underhand world. cunning. Ministers of religion were traitors who of warped the teachings of Christ so that themselves and the State might profit.138 The upon theft A Man as Adrift was based society in which we lived the principle of theft. meanest and worst criminals got free. I thought again.

committed by saw it done with my own about it. into the bath-house. understand what effect this water would have used even upon a strong man.In Prison 139 ONE day a murder was I one of the warders. Nothing was ever said The body was trundled away. while the temperature of the air was about eighty far degrees. He ought to have been sent at once to the hospital. exhausted condition. at degrees colder than the surBesides. I need only state that the water of the river if was not from freezing point. least forty The water must have been air. The warder played the hose upon him as he crouched and shivered in the bath. . eyes. He was taken and a stream of Mississippi water was To fully played upon him from the hose. 1 and no questions asked. rounding the man was already in a weak. A prisoner was suffering from pellagra. stripped. would be fun but this warder thought it to give him a cold bath.

And warder's burial " was the end of him. Are you sure " ? he asked me." he ordered. " Dead as a stone. "He's The warder stopped the hose and came " over to the side of the bath. The Lift him out. The warder was still playing the hose upon him. either Nothing more was said about him or over him. over his heart. cleaning up the I knew the man was dead floor. for was in the bath-house at the time." I said to the warder." I said." "Let up. lifted got into the bath and this out the body.140 I A Man Adrift than a minute. then. " " Isn't he sham- ming ? and turned the dead man over on his side. I and he was dead in less saw the whole thing. dead. and I lifted the murdered man in. by the huddled-up way in which he was lying. A cart was brought." was his service. and he was trundled away. The man I reached. " Lift I him out. and placed my hand It was still. I . had gone. then.

To be hungry straight on end for a whole month is terrible. But where would I I get the meal from I when did get out. in time one would get used to suppose almost any I I set thing that surroundings. So when the morning came for my . a lot to a let out with me Companionship means drifts man who about the world alone. would be glad But I had grown to like some that I of my fellow-prisoners. to my liberty. and to there in was no one Orleans. I did not feel as much thought should feel at the I prospect of getting my liberty again. just as he were a when I the end of the month drew elation as I near.In Prison don't 141 if dog. had no money. whom I I could go New have Still. ******* Curiously enough. would drift away from the two men who would be on the same day. know where. thought of most was getting a of The the full chance would have of meal again. Going out would felt mean I parting from them.

said he would be on hand to meet when I came out. The ones I had on were common and shabby-looking. clean. My I feeling like a man once more. came to unlock the He my name with some and we followed him out into the warder called out . It would be a fine thing to walk around. others.142 release I I A Man felt Adrift rather sad. spirits began to rise. and shook hands with my mates in the cell when door. The The young Birmingham fellow had gone out a couple of days before. felt afraid to face things And somehow The again. But I felt that He me this it was rather a struck forlorn I hope. me that had better face circumcould tell stances alone. Besides. month's forced inaction had lessened of initiative. And who I ! what might turn of a street might on the corner up? find a purse Then I would go and buy myself a good breakfast a first-class breakfast and after I would get myself some clothes. my power surroundings and the bad food had taken the spirit out of me.

In Prison 143 we were let the yard and into the office of the prison. thought. out through the great gate. I at woman who me curiously. . I A feeling of shame came over me. Here. pityingly. after some formality. and as fast as I hurried away could. As I crossed the street a was passing by looked and.

two-hundred-mile of The water was so high that steamboats were plying over the country between Bayou Sale and New Orleans. I Bayou at. the east. Sale fact was the place where was The 144 . I wanted to go east. But between me and sheet the town was a water. It was swallowing up the country from three the south. The country was flooded.XLNO I MONEY! WAS puzzled as to what to do. to New Orleans. the west. directions The only of escape was by a narrow strip of way hill-land which ran to the north up into Texas. and there seemed to be no chance for I me to go in the direction wished to go. Water. was everywhere Mississippi. water the yellow water of the big river had The made a twelve-hundred-yard crevasse in the levee below New Orleans.

steamboat was to go to New Orleans to a in half an hour. And there was a good and sufficient reason. She was moored K . belongings up the narrow strip of They were homeless. to majority of them were going up north the way I didn't want But the great to go. fare. however. I cursed my But I to swim it was a large niggers order. been all right I could have tramped it. So their began to think. it was as easy as rolling A a log. had been flooded the to Those who had money New pay their way were going Orleans on the steamboats. flashed Suddenly the way out of the difficulty upon me. I had no money to pay my luck for being in Louisiana If things had during the flood season. They out.No Money of the steamboats 145 running to where I wanted to go did not help me. What a fool I had ! been off Why. Passing families their me were and carrying what they could of hill-land.

146 tree rise A Man in Adrift slight which stood on the top of a the ground. I swaggered on to the steamboat with an air of lordly ease. But I had long ago realised that risks to get one must take some life. This would mean a month's imprisonment at least. You'd have thought I owned it. They put me the water they couldn't turn back and they couldn't eat me. come round for fares till the boat had horribly at been out tell at least an hour. was that they might The have me only danger arrested when we got to New Orleans. through So I waited. raucous-voiced mate. one could see the awful desolation caused by the flood. My plan was a The collector would not simple one. that I Then I would him calmly couldn't had no off into money. As The country had been covered . the boat steamed along. I nodded to the swearing. nigger abouts were getting freight aboard her. and the big white mate was blaspheming The roust- them as was the custom.

property. or had up on Occasionally a wooden house was to be seen floating on to the high land. made I the remark a casual also. I was awakened from front at I the collector of fares. We and villages. waiting. He smiled He thought was . The crisis Now I must play my I part. had been The been horses and cows and sheep were floating about. and I have no money. straight " into his eyes. in my reverie by He was standing The moment had come. said in a calm. of me. It was a scene of ruin and desolation. else 147 The sugar everything bodies of houses. was hand.No Money as with a great winding sheet. fashion. looked smiled easily. its side." speaking I matter-of-fact might flood have or in been I way. They had either left behind become unmanageable when the owners tried to drive them in the hurry. crop. passed by immersed towns All that was to be seen of them were the tops of the highest houses and the spires of their churches. and ruined. about the the weather.

the situation." ^ "You take damned . But I gave him a second and And then the repeated my assertion. either. putting two and two together. Come on. As you the will is probably flooded. Shell out!" He had evidently seen my lordly swagger as I came on to the boat. had come the conclusion that style at once to of that when a man and ease said he was hard up he smile." to I replied. and Americans have always time " for the appreciation of a joke. my reason for coming aboard the boat must be plain you.148 A Man Adrift joking. by he My dear man. was surely not in earnest. " " in hell do you mean then?" aboard the boat. I course. Of " That's all right. and became indignant. still smiling. couldn't I I swim to stop where I So to did for me do it the only thing came on board. guess." he said. and. He grasped smile died from his face. I I country And can't very well New was. left Orleans." easy. "What coming asked. have noticed.

I'm not gaol yet. and getting into gaol into the bargain. My only chance was . There was a risk of my getting used up. face. cool. powerful fellow. unafraid game." out the money pay The mate came forward and eyed me foot. But one I have weighed that. doesn't know what's going in little. And." He laughed a he remarked. whole situation. 149 want You don't me to weep about it. " I've a good mind to winding up with He knock hell out of you.No Money "Of course. do you?" " Do you know that we can put you in gaol for this " " ? I Of course all know to it. This with- had the come aboard his fare. He was a hard big. raucous. happen." " You're a beauty. I to from head to eyed him too. in playing a ." I had taken the man's measure in had taken the measure of the I fact.voiced mate. with a brutal. fellow's "Ho!" gall to he shouted to the " blaspheming. stiff. let forth a torrent of blasphemy. Besides. anyway.

Well. Perhaps we won't go hard on you. and moved slightly.150 I A Man Adrift to going up him. had to do what did. behaved very decently . "All to right. knocking decided instantly as to the handling of the mate." He But I glared at me. I'd like to see you or any other man on the boat try it on. there's an end of it. " his face softened a little. " Not a bit. damn me. " Look said close here. brought and left me down me with into the stoke- the firemen who. Then kept my eye hard on his." He hole. an) how." I replied. I'll take the consequences when I I get to I New and Orleans." I. and when Orleans you can help we to unload freight. partner. but you've got grit. Do he you mind working your passage?" concluded suddenly.in the eyes. and looking him straight and hard " Don't talk of . by the way. Come down into the stokehole and get New pass coal. hell out of me. If I've broken the law.

151 A of deck- how I had tackled the collector and the mate. "Get a was done. my They gave me a of which I stiff pull of whisky was in need and they gave me some They wouldn't let me grub. When we got there I helped to unload the freight. . As everyone was stock went up. and faced up I Royal Street. and drink. the mate called me back." thanks. as agreed. was in New Orleans. " Here's a quarter. just lay and chatted till the journey's end. taking the quarter with went ashore. hand had brought down news to me.No Money They were white men. I And when this was going down the gang-plank." he said. I shovel any coal for them. afraid of the mate. I And.

Carrying a man three thousand miles for a dollar seems to be a charitable sort of deed for a railway company to indulge in. when suddenly an idea struck me to go out to the HAD been Rockies. They to ship labourers into the Rockies so as to use them for the build- snow sheds. A snow shed is a great wooden platform built along the 15* . All one had to do was you pay the Canadian Company a dollar. when you came simply wanted ing of to look into it.XII. and was loafing around Toronto. in British Columbia a place three thousand miles west of Toronto. Going was the easiest thing in the world. Fort Donald was on the east side of the great mountain chain. I THROUGH THE ROCKIES sailoring on Lake Ontario. But it wasn't so charitable. For to Pacific Railroad this they carried to Fort Donald. after all.

got upon the day. It took us five days to get to our descontinuous railtination. The brain had adopted the sensation permanently. longed a sailing vessel. The country we passed through was wild and fine. and five days 1 way swift after travelling is no joke. above all. or even for the awkward pitching of a steamer in for the rolling of heavy smooth.Through mountain side the the Rockies 153 to for the purpose of keeping snow from sliding down on the railway track. gave one an impression of vastness. country of mountains and great rivers and lakes. going hour rumble of the hour. climbed down lake. the train. steady. and. train. weather. when the train stopped at a station one still could feel this whirr. Here we got out of with some others. I. the rocks to take a drink from the The water was the clearest water . stopped at a little town on the edge A We of Lake Superior. day after night. night after I nerves. The. It seemed as if the grinding whirr of the wheels Even beneath us would go on for ever.

I had never seen the prairie before. chill. death-like in its coldness. A it beautiful. man long before a be lowered.154 I A Man Adrift had ever seen. there was something Indeed. black which tells of immense blue. It seemed it to me almost more wide and itself. It stretched out wide and far like a great sea. lone than the ocean Looking out sense of grass- upon brought upon stillness. The waters were And till then the train went on and on entered the stretching. depth. was made was to stop for the life chilled out of the boat could so cold. it immense. It was a lake to sail I would scarcely have liked forbidding waters. and. deep whenever a steamer in had heard said that sailor fell overboard from a effort Lake Superior no and rescue him. stretching horizon . although the sun shone out strongly. it was cold and fresh. prairie. vast I upon. with lake. cold. Off out in it I could see the glint of deep. one a from awe and covered A limitless plain.

We were nearing Fort Donald. at Fort Donald at last.Through to the Rockies to 155 horizon. We from all were a mixed-up crowd. It makes a man forget that the other fellow I've is a man too. And the foot-hills changed to great. men three thousand When Fort Donald the men had they were in to work at the snow sheds whether they liked or not. If do now snow- the a man wouldn't work he wouldn't get anything to eat. hailing parts of the world. and therein lay the true inwardness of the company's reason for carrying miles for a dollar. and seeming begin and end in eternity. Here we were and around us. to were the Rockies There was nothing for us but to go to work building sheds. Whisky is a bad thing. . rising higher ! and higher. And we it got on well together. mainly because was almost impossible for us to get whisky. last At we came to the foot-hills of the Rockies. rugged mountains. seen tough things done through drinking whisky.

Some of us blasted out rock from the mountain side. to the big By after this time supper was ready.1 -throw it-at-you way. and after that we kept on till six o'clock in the evening. They half a The board was good plenty of meat and bread and coffee and The meals were served up vegetables. wooden shanty. and pay-day came once a month. At twelve we stopped an hour for dinner. The work was rough. but mountain air and hard in work make a man able to forego silver and fine napery. a sort of here-grab-this.1 56 A Man Adrift A dollar week and a half a day was our pay. The others were felling mountains were We ing. and we were kept at ten hours a day. where There we smoked and told . while it and sawing up big trees. charged us three dollars and a for board.when. Others again were now and then sent out to hunt for fresh meat. were called up at six in the mornfull and by seven we had had breakand were just commencing work. and supper we would go over we slept. fast of big game.

here was the man who had left his country for his country's good. This was furnished with a mattress. born with the marks And of labour slavery upon him. uncouth clod. remember one fellow he was an I Englishman voice. The crowd was interesting. but Here they had come from every class. And here was the poor. was the man who had about him that curious air of self poise. or to the crushing of a country. Suddenly . however. The men had not only come from every place. sing. Taken as a whole. they impressed me as a crowd of good. when we were near work.Through all the Rockies till 157 to sorts in. He and I end of our day's had been working side to the by side in the pickaxe gang. of yarns it was time turn Every man of us had a bunk to himself. hard men a crowd that a strong man might lead to the freeing of a country. and two blankets. the heritage of high birth and social advantage. I who had a beautiful tenor I shall heard him never forget the first time It was in the evening. a hard pillow.

wanted it to get to the Pacific Coast. could buy food at the Thus Company's stores along the way. in my mind to it Vancouver. thought of him many Who was he? What was I he? and why was he there? Years have gone by since in the Rockies. the main difficulty of the journey was rethirty dollars I For . I and found myself thirty dollars ahead. times since. but he would tell me I I have nothing. nearly a month's tramp.158 A Man Adrift he began to sing. though I have heard the world. asked the Englishman a lot of questions after that. lone mountains. since. or. at once. that will live while the white race lives. Poor boy! heard his song I threw up work after two months' time. indeed. and I was thrilled as I had never been thrilled before. But I had somewhere from ship was five hundred miles away. I He can't describe the effect it had upon us out there out there in the clear air of the wild. finest Italian singers in the All of us was singstopped working ing an old English song a beautiful song.

I the Rockies all 159 I was right as long as had money that is. which were strapped across my back.Through moved. My outfit consisted of a pair of blankets. a pannikin. every night. as far as getting away from the work was concerned. would guide me right up the coast. or to preach about. But a hardy man will take big chances when he wants to be on the move. some biscuits and bacon. to be sure. even though was knew not what. And. Hard labour very well to talk about. So started was so glad to get away from I the monotonous going to is all I labour. besides. but doing it is quite a different thing. one morning. I and beautiful in the middle of June. and the right of way. where the rails had yet I to be laid. and . Com- pany's rails were laid two hundred miles of the way. I couldn't miss the Pacific Coast for the by any manner of means. I remember It was clear and bright the morning well. and to take chances on being done to sleep out One had up either by the Indians or wild animals.

when . if you've got to look out for a surprise. ing hard months. Fine scenery doesn't he's impress a or man he's much when hungry. still. mind a revolver and a knife are the heeled as far as handiest weapons going that is. I carried a forty-four calibred revolver and a broad sheath knife. tenth of a rap a know where you revolver I are. weapons were concerned. give a good knife. but. But I had had enough mountain scenery I had been workto last me a lifetime.160 some A Man coffee Adrift And I was well and sugar. at that little. time the scenery impressed It me but was great and wild and finely coloured. in the middle of it for two The poetry had been knocked out of me. and I had fifty cartTo my ridges in my ammunition belt. No. or a brush at close quarters. me a or. and you are apt to get done up before you rifle. to tell the truth. better I suppose ought to say something about the magnificent scenery of the Rockies. I wouldn't for give the It is part awkward to handle in a quick rush.

was going. What had I I done that I should be a pariah and a the tramp.Through alone and get out of it the Rockies and wondering if 161 he'll tired it alive. the world without education or any other advantage. was face to face with things face listen to to face with myself. and there would be no one round to hold a that cup of water to your lips. I knew I was going to the I had but what then? Pacific Coast been going ever since I was a lad. I tramp of my feet. and why I was going. And was so tired of it all. I and wonder where It seemed to me labourer and a vagrant ? that the main reason was because I be- longed to the low. These frightful. labouring class the I had been thrown out into slave class. It is that you are absolutely and utterly alone you might fall down and die. L . lonely I mountains made used to me think. The lonesomeness him in of all is what strikes a time hard to like feel this. It is so terrible. and I had become a labourer on land and sea a human buffet for the world's blows.

sud- denly came up before my mind. and I unslung my revolver and determined to take a rest for good and all. . I began to And one day I grew sick of despair. But just as trigger I put my finger on the began to think in a way I had I never thought before. My whole in it. it mapped I out. look. the whole business. and I knew exactly what the violently. rag. life. strange days the days was tramping through the mountains. came a peaceful is more apt to come from a jagged knife wound that face and over the A distorted face lets I the life out slowly. too.1 62 me A Man in Adrift to These and other thoughts used to I come the long. clear I Everyseemed from many sides at once. all out. I had seen men shot through the brain. effect was and then One jumped one sank down like a like. and put the muzzle of the revolver under my right ear so as to get the base of the brain. And I felt so lonely. and everything thing was so to see things I had done and vivid. in my mind.

Honestly. brought down the muzzle of the revolver. I was no more to blame for being what I was than the Indian was to blame for being what he was. And I felt that the time would come when men of my breed men from it. And I stood up again and cursed the earth and everything in it. I intended to kill myself neverthe- However. No. first. I my own fault. I'd try I feelings And and analyse my sat down on a log I and wondered. I thought. it had not been felt.Through This is the Rockies that 163 when the way men think And I they are drowning. I had been moulded and crushed to a certain shape by circumstances. and I had stayed in the mire. despite what any well-fed liar from the pulpit had to say about it. But less. I felt I that I had never had such a chance. the gutter would get even with . self? Why shouldn't kill mybut said What was there before me misery and hard knocks? People that everyone in the world got at some time or another a square chance. in had been born the mire.

to it be sure. might have got more used to being utterly was never bothered at all by the Indians. though. I suppose it was the lonesomeness of the whole thing that got me into this morse. I couldn't what it was I couldn't tell even to day. though I saw them. sionally . Somehow. and then well. at the for I saw faces. occaI alone. I this It wasn't fear. They are not blessed with civilisa- . but they either paid no attention to me or they greeted I me in a friendly way. too. but just I a few moments to was only long enough for me buy what food I wanted. company's stations. just to live for frame of mind. something came over me.164 I A Man Adrift my tell put the muzzle of the revolver against head for the second time. it wasn't re- wanted to live just wanted no particular reason. better for all think if I me it would have been had seen no one at Then I through the whole tramp. are all have been bothered by Indians if at other times. right we white As a rule Indians men will let them alone.

my footsteps had disturbed it I had never seen a rattlesnake after I I and had got over because it my it first I impulse of fear began to study I knew it was a it rattler tallied it. head was raised about four inches from the ground. descriptions is had heard of well known that they are the only snakes the in the North-west that you. and was swaying to and Its mouth was wide open. One It was a rattlesnake that had come bright steel of the rails had Sbrrr! Its rattle it Sbrrr! at a furious rate. out on to the middle of the track to sun itself. with the Besides. path with The will dispute other snakes glide Its away at the sound of a footstep. we send missionaries day. about noon-time. . in to give still They are Christian this respect much more than we are. out to And them. 1 heard a sound that froze me to the marrow with fear.Through tion the Rockies 165 tribe to starve as long as they but they never allow any of their have food them. and out fro. The attracted was going of The sound before.

1 66 it A Man Its It Adrift the fangs were shooting. must have been about its five The look make a man I in eyes was enough to turn sick and die. to it keep a close eye on it. and would harm no one if not bothered. plan was to collect a big pile of dried branches and night When came on. colour was a sort of dirty dark grey. So I got off the I had track and walked half round it. fired a shot at and though it I it broke never kept This the ground within an inch of moved a peg out of the way. as you see snakes coiled up in of pictures. The snake was game come across and that's I like to anything game. I was an intruder there anyway. was in its own country. however. feet long. I was going I to fire at I'd let it it but it thought a second time. for wheeled slowly round with me. It wasn't coiled up. It still swaying touched me a its head little. watch- ing me. it. You are not often allowed the privilege. and rattling. After all alone. my .

. and lay my knife and revolver near where my head was going to rest. so that I could grab them at once if need be. Afcer my blankets and get on the I many days tramping settlement It came to a little on the north fork of the Fraser River. I covered myself up with the down. I would would cook my fire. Sleeping out in the open air is the finest You become as thing a man can do. was called Yale. and after I had eaten I'd have a smoke. breakfast over the remains of the pack move. I didn't tired dream the all. breaking. strong and as hard as an animal. live too much in houses. to and other blankets just as I I then would drop before lay off sleep you at could say I Jack Robinson. was the too with tramping and monotony. dawn was Then up. the Rockies I'd 167 Then cook myself some grub.Through make a fire. Just as People I waken eat. After my smoke I would spread a blanket on the ground.

and they stood up almost as straight as pillars. think of a church without a The mountains were the biggest I had ever seen. The with snow.1 68 I A Man didn't I Adrift just Though then. because beneath it all one could feel there was lost. Down horribly. It seemed to me as if I were in the biggest church one could roof. Here I had a go at salmon fishing. You were was more awful -looking than the mid -ocean in a hurricane. tops of them were covered and half way down one of glacier them was a that had taken a thousand years to form. go much on scenery must say the look of the mountains here impressed me. His way of doing it was simple. It treachery. in the valley the river tore It along was one of the ugliest and wickedest-looking pieces of water I had ever seen. He just thrust an immense landing net down . I saw a Si wash Indian on the top of a rock hauling up salmon out of the rapids. If you fell in here you had no more chance of swimming than you would have in the Maelstrom.

fighting salmon on to the top of the rock he brained it by giving it a light tap on the club. the Rockies 169 into fish. and a salmon would run The water was packed with the their They were working way up stream. for knocked me into the rapids. to a tree that stood off over on the bank. Big salmon they were. When one of them got into the net the Indian knew about it. in the rapids I would have smashed into smithereens on the . and once been rocks. it. Three guy-ropes were fastened to the frame of the net to keep it steady in the The ropes were hitched rushing water. too some of them thirty-five and forty pounders. me have a try at I it hauled almost The first salmon up nearly cost me my life.Through into the water. It looked as if the guyropes were going to snap. and he did. I head with a small let asked the Indian to it. When the Indian hauled up the struggling.

held on though^ till the Indian got in one of his light taps on the head of the I salmon. A I man was I nothing to was. left The mounfeeling The lonesome me. thought grappling with a mountain it. I was I more of it. right this part of At my journey I where the line had yet to come. had got a long way past the point where the comI was in the pany's rails were laid. I This soothed him. From then on it was of way. or cutting. was all up with you.170 A Man Adrift This salmon was a big fellow. too. hauled up about twenty it and I must say rocks it was great if sport. lion. for and dangerous you got knocked off the sport. and I was foolish enough to pick him up in my arms. a gradual slope to the coast. just to see how strong an upI want no stream salmon really was. fish. My journey was nearly over. I I didn't know where only knew that was getting a hard flinging about somewhere or another. tains got smaller. I had crossed the summit of the big mountain chain. .

It was . of water.Through And of a the Rockies I 171 a one morning as I rounded the turn in the distance gorge saw off great shining stretch the Pacific.

and when the money came we took a day painted or so off to spend it. being I was in the gang that laid the steel. built The work was to pick in lively. that drift here and there and everywhere had made it for the time their abiding mountains beyond it was place Few found it. and as I was not one of that few. to go to work on the railroad which was away out through the mountains. Three dollars and a half a day was the rate at which we were paid.XIII. I had for in the . MAXWELL The men KAMLOOPS was a rough town. Kamloops red while it lasted. Four of us had up and carry thirty-foot steel rails a hot sun. I We re- and hard things used 172 . though to be found gold. to happen. We got our wages on the fifteenth of every month.

The Marshal and be sure. and in that country it was shoot if you moved. noisy in The crowd had been a saloon that trifle all. We small " lived in batches of six or seven in rough log-houses. and all. Kelly's was But that night six or seven of us heeled ourselves. I and had had felt sorry to have to see him go along with the Marshal and his men. They were in ." and which we built ourselves. which we called shacks. interfered. and his out. One night. as we were smoking our pipes round the fire. With an axe we got Bruce gang I smashed to in the door.Maxwell member deputies for just 173 and his when got the Marshal fresh. two men came up to the track. this At the door of our shack. and made for the calaboose. to get out. but they had got the drop on us. arrested Bruce fellow nothing a University at He was a nice he had cut man but I suppose up rough at home in England. But that's neither here nor there. of us would stay at home and cook the grub while the rest were working on One we took turn about.

the other as Maxwell. well formed. Their soldier's uniform. Their next point was Yale. he was a young whose appearance one would be apt fellow He was home-sick. Maxwell could not old. was to get to the United We States. spoke of his to like. in the States. and had a frank face. fine. twenty-five years was of middle height and of a He had keen black eyes. I felt sorry for him. a foxy expression of face. that they a post two hundred miles away. where they had enlisted. mother and his wish to see her. They had deserted from the post because the discipline was hard. and did our level sympathised best to make them comfortable.174 A Man Adrift and they frankly told us had deserted from Indian Creek. a place thirty He . his name as Cox. where they would be safe. with them. but that it would be impossible now that he was a He would have to try his luck deserter. Altogether. said they belonged to Toronto. They Canada. have been more than twenty years He was tall. and wiry build. they s'aid. Cox might have been old. One gave object.

After smoking and chatting awhile. guests. point have hurled myself into a Niagara. strongly objected And as he had twenty dollars planted away since last month's pay-day. I faced myself. Full of whisky and the devil. including the deserters. They hoped to reach the following night. he proposed a holiday. I jumped on the gunwale of the boat.Maxwell miles away. not being able to withstand his logic. Rails would be laid after we were dead. hands. I felt the sudden sense of great power I would that often comes to the drunken. were tired. it Morning came. which at this filled was a good deal over a mile wide. or a hell. 175 it by all in. and we On in the afternoon into had a roaring we got a boat. and rowed out Kamloops Lake. Luckily. for the centre of the lake. stayed. he said. turned We tion. all hands could swim. Our time. As for with a crazy notion. into . and with a complica- Jimmy Murphy to our guests leaving. and overturned it.

But I had not gone very jutting rocks. and I knew baritone. far before I was clutched by the collar. The evening was turned into a concert hall. and I was engaged as a I had a fair voice. for was swimming was a powerful current. To him I owe close to the lake's centre my life. He brought me to reason. who had swum after me. It was Maxwell. He saw the danger my mad spell was bringing me to. and dragged round. where I would have been torn to pieces on sharp. which would have carried me down into the rapids. hotel in something of music. and swam back with him. and I turned. Two the months Globe the after this I in was singing in Hotel Vancouver. The next day came. and we went back us to go on to work. The soldiers left to Yale.176 I A Man Adrift to certain death. I sang on the stage .

who would sang share up with the stranger.'* "Sit "Oh. the tie of the vagabond bound together. knew "By God. Where's your pardner. Maxwell. cosmopolitan But crowd hailing from everywhere. the shoulder. I I Then went in amongst I the audience and sat fellows I down with some was hardly seated before I was touched on It was I turned round." he repeated after looked at me curiously. down and have a drink. got big applause. Maxwell?" " His face changed colour. as he " Haven't you heard " ? "Heard what?" M . to take a drink. He had got rid of his uniform. Reddy!" he exclaimed. that's all right. After singing again. was easier than laying rails. Cox. me. "You've got a great voice.Maxwell in the 177 had worn Singing same rough sailor rig I when working on the railroad. were indeed a mixed -up. them all And they were good I fellows." I said. I They got on well with the audience.

that the Indians killed the man.178 " " for ? A Man he's Adrift to Why Hung " condemned I hung!" I said. my head to a cent. anyway. . " " What and "Why tried looked straight at him. The hood know. he and two other fellows were to and condemned for death in New cold Westminster knocking a man and taking away his money in Yale. be hung. old circumstantial evidence gag. though." I sat there." " " Oh." asleep not to have heard about "Yes. He's going to be with the other two I can't rehung member Reddy" their to names next week. and a of a doctor said that their clothes were spattered with I human blood. you The men were in the neighbourat the numbskull time of the murder." put in another. slowly. "You mean the young. anyway. I'll bet guess they're done for. yes interrupted one of the men ! sitting at the table. Why me "you must have been it. "and I think the trial was a damned fraud. good-looking fellow who deserted from Indian Creek. not knowing what to say.

There was young fellow who had something had saved I fine in his face. Where did you leave him ? " Oh. . I Why was so head was turning. The left I him there. didn't know what minute the troopers from Indian Creek would be on our necks. hardened to scenes of violence. about two or three days after we were with you in the shack. I miles isn't easy. Thirty next day after we got there Maxwell got on a tear. : said to Cox "The boy has come across a tough " streak of luck.Maxwell I 179 was bewildered. But for this I I got into trouble felt a liking from the first I saw of him. out-of-the-way places I had seen men fight and kill each I had become other for nothing at all. affected was rather a My mystery to me. We had hard work to make it. " We got to Yale on the night of the day we started from you fellows. knockings round for often in my various in tough. Besides. though. as he wouldn't leave Yale." he answered. You know I was scared. had often thought of him. and the day after that. he my life.

I'm "Well." long. Reddy.180 The were " A Man next time trying I Adrift saw him was when they him for murder in New Westminster. and. "only that I wasn't round Yale when the thing happened. I going. But. you the God's truth. boys. I'm goin' to get out of here at four o'clock in the morning on a schooner got to get into the States. some He rose and walked to the door. Besides. to Indian Creek over tell at table You tell can't who's round. said : my hand upon "Say. It's guess they would have. shall Where I are you going " ? And when see you again ? "Well." said Cox. for I'm liable to be pulled here I'm sorry I any minute for desertion. I followed him. I'm . can't you tell me anything more about Maxwell ? What you've told me about him has upset me knocked me out." a wonder they didn't pull you." remarked someone. laying his shoulder. See you again. say. So time. You see. too. to Tacoma. Cox. I've mentioned yonder.

" I wonder if anything could be done for Maxwell?" " I I asked." "When " was the murder committed?" loth. I think I'll try and see Maxwell. The doctor said it was the work of a club. I'm certain he wasn't. and his body all smashed up. and.Maxwell dead skeary about well's. "if that's the case." " said. don't know. It's none of you'd better get right out. But I'm sorry about Maxwell." I . then/' said I." "Well. the killing was too mean a business for a soldier to be fellow. Why the man was found with his head battered in. my business where you were. I 181 this business of MaxI wasn't round at the time. and that was about the only true thing he did say. mixed up in. know. but then nobody knows what's going to happen. a good anyway. The papers say on June the about midday. Do you think he He's was " in I " it ? don't ." I looked at him.

'so long. and this murder was low and cowardly. mother sorrowed for him. . Reddy. was this the limbs of the law wanted to . I couldn't bear to think of that.'* But. it someone must have been the work of He was around when else. I've got to and he disappeared. you'll find tiary at Westminster. and The trouble so he had got into the scrape. I could kept seeing Maxwell's face. see its softened expression as he talked of his home away off in Canada. go. and others like them. that they'll you in to see him. they were going to make an arrest. All night long I I couldn't sleep. to put up a job on an innocent man. in I ferreting had known policemen. No. He had nothing to do with it not he! And if he had well. show how clever they were out murder on the frontier. The boy was surely no coward. though. let don't think. where his Again I could see its determined look as he pulled me around in my mad swim in Kamloops Lake.1 82 " A Man New Adrift him in the penitenI Well. marshals.

On the morning of the next day full made first inquiries. this was the doctor's unsupported assertion that their clothes were of them Added to stained with All human I blood. my ears. but on June the nth. the date which Cox had given me of the day of the murder kept continually coming to me. the loth of June. and why was should come to puzzling. I To my surprise. not on had been committed. the thing found out was that a mistake as to the Cox had made The murder date. I stopped . The loth of to in June. in so persistently Something curious was me working my mind. The only evidence convicted that the fact law had against them was the of a marshal swearing to the seeing in Yale on the day of the murder. It was the it seemed ring wrong date.Maxwell and have him hung solely for the 183 purpose I of showing that they were smart. the while was thinking of the whole business. And the names of the men who were Maxwell were with along Derose and Connors. June the loth.

as no rails . They were intensely vivid. June It was the day when I jumped on the gunwale of the boat and overturned it. He and Cox must six or eight miles have been only from Kamloops. Adrift tried the murder. " Where were you ? Where were you ? I Suddenly Where was a light broke in on me. and by no chance could they have reached Yale before late that night. for. said. had On the midday of the it nth.184 thinking A Man of it. and to analyse on the loth of June ? This question seemed all at once to be put to me by something outside myself. the time of the murder. ! it! I saw it all On the loth of Maxwell was with us at the shack. a series of mind- before me. have been in was impossible for him to Yale. Where were you?" As if to answer pictures flashed it it. The Canadian Pacific right of way was had at ugly travelling. and. ings of that day at I and presented the happen- Kamloops Lake. till nine o'clock that morning. they had not left us as I now remembered.

But was I sure of all this ? Yes I remembered distinctly that four days after Cox and Maxwell had left us we were paid off. and he could back up my testimony. and I told him all about it. I started for New Westminster. I After that Murphy and had tramped it to Vancouver. heart gave a leap. in Jimmy Murphy was to town. . I soon found Murphy. So I determined go and see the Governor of the peni- tentiary in New Westminster. and of my intention to go and see the Governor of the penitentiary. they walk every step of the My clear case of alibi. and our pay-day was on the fifteenth ! of every month. Here was a I could save the boy.Maxwell that time 185 been laid past must have had way. and there was quite an excitement. Murphy remembered the date of Maxwell's stay with us as exactly as I did. and he said that he would help me all he could. to Kamloops. By this time some wind of my intention had got round amongst the boys. and lay the case before him.

entered. but stood up in a bold. to say. and was a man with cold blue eyes and a He listened to what I had strong face. curious was brought I to felt nervous I and as the door opened. was granted He had been a colonel in the British Army. the Governor would see about taking further steps. firmly with his left hand. He was heavily manacled. hours I was there. When the night came I door of his cell. which he grasped way. without receiving any cue. and the road to it lay In three through a thick. was to see him that night in the I presence of two gaolers. dark forest. erect The manacles. granted After a lot of difficulty me permission to see Maxwell. he supported what I said.1 86 A Man Adrift New Westminster was just twelve miles from Vancouver. There was Maxwell. I an interview with the Governor. and after some thought. so that he could . and to talk to him as had to his whereabouts at the time If of the murder.

I Reddy I looked at him again. pointing me." taking " I'm glad to see you. off than I can't worse am. But his eyes to were shining strangely. but eyes. 187 glisten." said. " Oh.Maxwell move easily. looked into his gaoler then hinted to cautious way the reason of my said it The him visit. and holding out my As I spoke he recognised me. " Maxwell. " ? What be any do you want to ask me." I said nothing. * Certainly/* he said. " Who is this ? " he asked. who has come said to he can do you any good. "You remember Kamloops?" . I stepping forward. He when I looked handsomer than had seen him last. said. had a blue better They looked new. my hand. 1 one of the gaolers. hand. it's you Reddy. " see It's if a friend of yours. in a and might benefit him " I to answer my questions.

and his madness the date hinged on the idea of this date . and I don't know where the rest drifted to." I " said. me." "They muttered. Murphy's in Vancouver. Maxwell. and the other boys?" He "Oh. The They gaolers looked keenly at us both. a little while. He dates suddenly sat down on covered his face with a hands. were looking to see that I didn't give Maxwell any sign as to the should answer my question." said And we talked on in this strain for I. convulsing with mania. ! in an unsteady way. He His face was I understood now cell. run before looked up again. way he his his Maxwell bed. " The The manacles gave The dates " he ! clank. I'd like to speak to you about your whereabouts on the nth of June.A Man "Yes! I Adrift you in the lake "Where's Murphy swam after smiled slightly. the meaning of the look that I had noticed in his eyes when I entered the He was mad.

after a He was got under. at the time of was in Yale. " The man admits that he was there at the time." I This was get. But I am are Who ? questions Damn you who asks me Get out of you all ! here!" > And he sprang at one of the hard and gaolers and knocked him down. had out " : set him the He question rose up and shouted My On nth I the murder. I dangerous scuffle. " and that is the end of all it. coldly. innocent. and that I and others could prove that his being there was an impossibility.Maxwell that 189 had occurred to me so suddenly and strangely day before in when off. We were broke up over . of June." the Governor said. The next day again. went to the Governor and asserted that Maxwell's saying that he was in Yale at the time of the murder was due to the giving way of his mind through the strain put upon him. I the to satisfaction could told it went back Vancouver and all Murphy. I was thinking of him the Vancouver.

he must be we learned that Maxwell's commuted to penal servitude of insanity. A Man did Adrift that knowing as we Afterwards sentence was for life. I have often wondered and thought about Maxwell.190 innocent. i because left Vancouver soon after. and since then I have drifted about and seen and known many But strange things. .

counted ten hands. burthen. Perhaps is I ought to explain that a lime- a deep-water or long-voyage ship. SIMILAKAMEEN I LEFT Yokohama one April on the She was 1700 tons barque Seraph. and I must say that the taste of is 191 . and need hardly say that we were elated when. crew. we rounded Cape Flattery and entered I We the Straits of Juan de Fuca. and where you get lime-juice health. as she was a typical lime-juicer. juicer where you get nothing but your pound and your pint. for the good of your The lime- juice alleged to be a preventative against scurvy. had quite a slow and uninteresting time of it. and was bound for Vancouver I was one of the with a cargo of tea. all told. after a trip of seventy-five days.XIV. which.

form of labouring work have ever had the good fortune If to indulge you don't step just so upon the ladder or scaffolding.192 it A Man Adrift is The ugly enough to prevent anything. artistic Really it is the I most in. However. There was a great deal of building going on in the town. The salt has entered their souls. and a pilot boarded us and brought us carefully up the Gulf of Georgia and into the harbour of Vancouver. or lean forward just . captains and mates of this class of vessel are invariably crusted cranks who have forgotten all about everything but sheets and ropes and sails and the tricks of wind and water and weather. and I got work at carrying the loose hod. and a man gifted with a is There nice sense of balance. so I had to turn to and get some kind of a job. Here we were turned upon the unsuspecting town. powerful man. a great deal of knack in carryYou have at once to be a ing the hod. we were in the Straits. In a day the wealth I had amassed at lime-juicing had withered.

you and the hod I will fall not going to say anything against But All that I will say is that hod-carrying. N . It am was while I I was carrying the hod Miners that heard of Similakameen. climbing of a steep ladder with a heavy I load upon my shoulder began to pall. I had not enough money to buy myself an outfit. came along with Arabian Nights' stories of how gold could be picked up there by the And came upon me so handful. thought I might as well go off and make a fortune with the rest of them. But a difficulty presented itself. 193 overboard.Similakameen so. and. the thirst for wealth strongly that carrying the hod began to lose for me its fascinaThe delights that attended the slow tion. I found that I could only get seven dollars for the check when I came to cash it at a store. to me for my prowess hod only amounted to ten make things more interest- ing still. is work of an extremely interesting it nature. for the time-check which the boss considerately presented to at carrying the dollars.

outfit and to spare. was the fact that the night before at he had made a big winning He was able draw-poker. . when who should come along but my shipmate. meant the possession of a pair of blankets. in a saloon to get an and he generously proposed that we should become partners. seven wouldn't even gaze upon it. We what was much better and still more to the point. and I was fluctuating on the ragged edge of despair. He would get me my outfit. found that he. a good knife. a pickaxe and shovel. there was the getting of bacon and flour and whisky. but. Bob one of the lads who had come over with me from Yokohama on the talked matters over. and I Seraph. at the most meagre reckoning. in Similakameen. a fine wire sieve. too. had developed an intense thirst for the wealth to be gained This was good. he said. Added to this. Thus was the difficulty surmounted. fare to dollars My visions of quick.outfit. easy wealth were beautifully becoming dim. No. and a revolver or a Winchester rifle. and the 194 An A Man Adrift Fort Hope.

miles It was four hundred away from Vancouver. fist. was simply crowded with rough and smooth and otherwise. Our first point to make was Fort Hope. as the saying goes. The steamer men of all kinds I . It They're up there as big as your won't be all dust we'll have to carry. New We had to wait a few hours for the steamer. Nuggets " Pure as well. With this end in view we walked over to Westminster. and each other time by telling we put all we would do when we got in the " back with our load of gold dust." Bob would reiterate to me. nuggets or dust. was a mining camp. where we were to take a steamer up the Fraser River. lakameen to There were others. nuggets. where the 195 wealth was patiently waiting for us. was the easier to At last we were aboard to Fort the steamer and on our way out that Hope. We had found we were all not going to have Simiourselves. situated right in the heart of the Selkirk Mountains." Then we would go off into a long discussion as to which carry.Similakameen Similakameen.

In fact. and got a vast number of tips about gold and its getting. which seemed to run sheer up over the tops of the mountains.trail is made by Indians as they . Fort Hope was something over two hundred miles from Vancouver. and after going three or four miles we were confronted with a tote-trail. A tote. We got off the steamer. one man averred. the bed of every stream and river in the world. and here it was that our journey began in earnest. and three miles His eyes grew a little wide in places. wilder when I volunteered the opinion that at least his scheme had the merit of being big.196 A Man Adrift heard a great deal of talk. this in who was a little wild in the eyes forward a scheme for the turning off put of the Fraser River a river of tremendous man volume and quick flow. I heard many and wonderful schemes put forward for the turning of streams from their courses so as to get at the gold-laden sand which There was gold lay over the bed rock. Everybody seemed to be giving everybody else valuable points.

something think. Indeed. 197 and merchanin- or carry. Sometimes I would sit down and wonder where I was Gold was all very well. trail was going earning the a bit too sanguine Bob had " Even the admit that we were nuggets. dise However. meen selves. for the woeful. We were only one hundred and eighty miles from Similakabut this hundred and eighty miles wanted a lot of doing. besides our. including ammunition and whisky.country whisky is invaluable. broken-up mountain . a gold-hunter would as soon think of forgetting his flour bag as his big leathern whisky flask. but this stiff. the whole crowd of us began to string up the trail. we had our blankets and weapons flour and bacon and or to carry and one two other things. In a big. for. I used to at.Similakameen tote. as I was wiped it my to brow. could make no We more than twelve trail miles a day at the outside." When night was coming on we used . provisions along and over places that are accessible for pack-horses and mules.

we would wrap ourselves up in our blankets. load ourselves up with our blankets and things. I don't It know will the reason why. lie fall asleep the instant we stretched At the break of dawn we ourselves out. make our breakfast. turning our feet Indian. After the first day or so along the trail . When we got the rope fixed. A Man round and Adrift collect wood to make a Then we would fry some bacon. When supper was over we would light our pipes.fashion We were so tired that we to the fire.198 to look fire. may be that they fear if they pass over the rope they get into a trap. and make flapjacks with flour and water. circle will and then go away do this. and go on our way. and smoke and talk. and down. Our last preparation for the night was to put a rope in the form of a circle around the place where we were going to sleep. Our reason for doing this was that if snakes crawled towards us during the night they would stop with their heads at the rope go around the Snakes again. would would get up.

hard country of the Indians who always Many of us would leave our bones here. of feet. and wondered what would happen next. were Chilkats the wild. the trail was often to most dangerous. sinister. Besides being hard. On in quest of gold. A few of us would come back . Often I shuddered. the great mountains we could always see the glint of some torrent a sharp. The wind would almost seem to claw at us as if it wanted to drag us down to an awful death. specks moving They were men like ourselves. All moving slowly in on. It was trying the nerves to have to crawl slowly with our on a narrow ledge along the face loads of a precipice that sheered down thousands And usually there was a strong. high wind blowing.Similakameen 199 we stopped talking about what we would do when we got the gold. white line. We the kill. Again we Miles out down would see in the far distance small trail. They were before us and behind along the us. going on to Similakameen for gold.

that it? we were It not to come back. thing to climb across an almost inacces- sible mountain chain if to this Similakameen. It And we were going was not altogether the idea of eventually getting gold that bound us to this terrible trail. We were not the off first men who had gone danger willed it in and grappled If Fate search of treasure. thing to fight along mile after mile through the clouds. what of was as good and terrible to die one way as another. all.200 slowly on. With it was surely blended the instinct that prompts white men to voluntarily put themselves in the way of hardships and difficulties so that they may surmount them. it After was a fine It was a fine thing to feel that one was that doing something was hard and It was someworthy of achievement. A Man Adrift all laden with gold. glorious How were the . even in the end If we died gold! died before us! Other men's bones had did not get the well. other men had we lain whitening.

Some the journey was of the men with an ugly one. besides. had not as The camp yet got up into the mountains. had not become important enough. whom we had in before started in the steamer had got . strange. awkward for them. tant roar of the torrents seemed but to make more silence. difficulty There was not much and make about this. North of us lay the great Klondike north of this again lay the immense trackless region of the Midnight region. II AT last we had in We thing were got to our journey's end.Similakameen mountains ! 201 The dis- And how clear this silent. it who sweat miners. We saw glaciers hundreds of years old giving forth the rays of the sun in a shimmering blaze of wonderful colours. The first Similakameen. and. And Sun. canyons. rifying. we did was to stake out our claim. universal ter- We vast passed through gloomy. as the limbs of the law.

The loads were fastened on to their backs with broad bands which were arranged so This as to pass around their foreheads. that struck us hard when we thing . as up through the hardships trail. The camp creek. Get- ting machinery up to a place like this for the purpose of crushing ore was of course It was bad quite out of the question. and most primitive kind placer mining. enough to get flour up. A Man Others were still Adrift straggling behind in the distance. force a man exerts when he throws his head forward A in the effort of climbing. way of arranging the load brought into play the powerful muscles of the neck. and was a great help to the Indian in the carrying of his load up steep and awkward It was simply a utilising of the places. We used rested for a day or so. for every ounce of it had to be carried on the backs of Indians. we were we had endured along the sixteen It had taken us days to come the hundred and lay around the banks of a ftv* ipi^g done was of the eighty miles.202 us.

And. but there were lots of fellows nothing. out by hunting and When I made inquiries from the other finds. True. one or two men had struck big paying pans. Bacon was something fabulous. We would have to take our it chances of eking fishing. however. they will find another. and not met them I told that they had gone off for the Fraser River along another trail. left.Similakameen first 203 got into camp was the fact that flour was a dollar and a half a pound. If possible. Going to work was quite simple. nervous. and not to be thought of for a moment. Miners have a feeling against going back on the same trail. as we into had already made a heavy inroad we began to get Bob. I miners concerning the big that imagination I found stories had helped out the had heard in Vancouver. had some money at and he bought twenty pounds of flour the store. who had struck when was I asked Many had left why we had the place. All we had to do was to build a rough wooden . our stock of provisions.

. slimy sand as it oozed through the sieve. The ful gold dust was in this sand. heavy sand had sifted through. and pitched it into the sieve on the top of the cradle. he detached the sieve. rocking the cradle gently as he did so. shovelful Then so. working as we were working.204 cradle. I threw in another or and exactly the same operation was gone through again. When the fine. black. I When we were dug up a shovel- of sand and gravel from the side of the creek. Men were scattered along the banks of the creek. lifted the water. Beneath this we had fixed a piece of blanket to catch a certain heavy. and poured it slowly over the sand and gravel. and threw away the gravel and coarse sand. for nearly a mile. A Man Adrift and fasten across the top of it the sieve we had brought with us from Vancouver. ready. Bob immediately reached down his scoop into the stream. Sometimes Bob would take the shovel and I the rocker for a change. We were at it the whole of the day. This was placer mining.

cradling and washing the sand. and afterwards ran quicksilver through it to the gold. was I. a dull. When dry. We looked . but still it was gold. True. over it. there were none of " Bob's " nuggets in it. could easily get the little heap on to the point of a knife heavy. pieces about the size of a pin-head. took the blanket gently out of the cradle. nuggets/' I said to Bob. laughed as he carefully put the dust away into a little Then. and brought it over to When the shack we had it built for ourselves. When we melted off the quicksilver the next day. Through it ran a few little yellow heap. at Here we dried thoroughly it the fire outside the front of the door. there before It did us our eyes was the precious dust. find a little that weighed something over half He was wild with excitement so. with a will. For the first few days we did very well. and once Bob actually did nugget an ounce. we went to gold-bag.Similakameen 205 night was coming on we stopped. "Your little. lifted off the sieve. we shook attract the sand out of carefully. and indeed. He work again. good We to see it.

The treasure I had read of in the stories of the old pirates and the treasure I was I seeking after here in the mountains ran The work was a together in my mind. through it structural alloy running through for it enough to give a little when we squeezed it between the thumb and fingers. Whilst I was digging was always thinking of gold doubloons. bit hard and steady. but It I never minded that. and passed it one to the other and tried hard to persuade ourselves that was. so. and why not perhaps I ? Other men had done It was delightful to feel that I was lifting up on my shovel a piece of gold the size of many Spanish doubloons. right was heavier than it really We could tell that it was pure gold that there was no hard. appealed to the profound love of .206 at it A Man eagerly. what we were going to Whenever I sank my shovel into tell the sand there was no knowing whether or not I might heave a nugget the size of my fist into the sieve. This placer mining was the most exciting work I had ever done. we was soft could never find. it Adrift several times. After all.

to They had finely adjusted weigh the dust. there was never over the game. His usual good luck was with him. see if the Fellows ounces and half -ounces and quarter-ounces of gold as they so many pounds or dollars. and it was a sight to watch the miners looking over and under and around these scales balance was absolutely spoke of to true. there was never a row In fact. would of night poker was played a great deal in the store. at any rate for a time. There was no fear now of our running out of provisions. and when we got enough dust At ahead Bob went and took a hand in the game. At the store the gold dust was taken just as money would be taken.Similakameen chance that I 207 with other shared in common men. . in the whole camp while we were The reason for this was simple. Curiously enough. a row there. And we were scales able to indulge in the extreme luxury of bacon. luckiest man at cards I have ever known. This poker-playing helped out our digging I must say that Bob was the immensely.

The primal conditions under which we lived . Someone would surely have been killed.20 8 A Man Adrift A row would mean business. rushes will attest to Now start and then a couple of miners would away from camp to go over the trail off to Vancouver or Port Moody. often er struck next men were going away who had to nothing. They had made their pile. to get ammunition them some bacon and flour and if they were short. It the police rows. Any who invariably provoke the man who has been in gold this. and who were leaving because they had had enough of In these cases we would club together it. So the result And camp right here in I must say that a mining is any part of the world as a rule peaceful before the limbs of the law come into it to extort blackmail from the miners for is themselves and their Governments. was peace and amity amongst a crowd who were in the main hard men. On such an occasion we would get together to see them off. and But give them a parting cheer for luck. for every man was armed for all he was worth.

Similakameen
made
relieve others.

209
to

us realise that

it

was our duty

when

And

possible the necessities of it was not done with the air

of bestowing a favour. It was done simply and as a matter of course.

Sometimes Bob and off and scour around

would take a day for game. It was
I

as well not to be buying too much grub at the store. Though it was a big game country, it was awkward to stalk the game,

we had to confine our attention to birds. One of the men in the next claim to us lent Bob a shot-gun with the understanding that we were to whack up our kill
so

with them.

We provided
frightfully

the ammunition,

which ran

Quails were what we and we got a good few of them, owing mainly, I suppose, to the fact of the gun

high at the store. used to get mostly,

being of a large bore, and to the spreading
of the shot in the
air.

Our claim gave
yield.

forth a small, steady
"

Bob's

"

nuggets

never arrived.

The worth

of the pans through the whole

of the day averaged about sixty dollars. Out of this, of course, a good deal had to

o

210
go
for

A Man
provisions.

Adrift

the store were the

The men who kept fellows who really got
They took no
famine
risks,

the bulk of the gold. but simply charged
everything.

To
to

bring things

prices for to Simila-

kameen was,
but, like all

be sure, most expensive, middlemen, they took a double
it.

and treble advantage of

They

neither

got the gold nor did they tote the provisions. They just sat tight, and the fat from the pot.

skimmed

However, Bob still kept up his form at poker, and this stood us in good stead.

Winning gold in the store from the other miners was not perhaps so romantic as getting it out of the earth in nuggets
but
still
it

served.

After awhile our claim began to thin
out,

and we went further up the creek,

Here our luck was something about the same as it was
and staked out another.
in

small, steady there was no use in repining, Still, yield. for there were lots of fellows who struck

the

first

claim

just

a

hardly anything at

all.

We

worked on

for

about six or seven

Similakameen
weeks, and then

211
to

we began

think of
It

making was the end of August, and
weather
lasted.

tracks for the Fraser River.
it

was

just

as well to be getting back while the

good

And one morning we
up,

counted things

and found that we would have four
dollars'

thousand

worth of dust clear after

getting a stock of grub and ammunition two thousand dollars apiece. What with

Bob's

skill at

poker and our joint

toil

we

had not done so badly after all. And the next day we packed up and started from Similakameen.

XV.

THE CH ILK ATS

BOB and I were in a hopeful mood as we went back along the trail. True, we had not made our fortune, but we had

come away with something into the bargain. Our work, of course, was still cut out for us, but we had made the main point, which really was to go and
to

managed right, and

to

get

to

Similakameen

all

see what the place looked like. The possibility of getting a fortune had only an inAt least, cidental bearing on the project.
that

appeared to us now as we talked the matter over. Bob laughed

was the way

it

" over his nuggets," and said that we had enough to carry over the trail as it

was.

The

trail

we were

taking was one that

skirted to the north.
212

We

had been

told

The

Chilkats

213

by Sfwashes who toted provisions into camp that it was easier than the one we had come by. We found this to be a fact. The only drawback was that it would run us on to the north fork of the Fraser
of running us out at This would mean perhaps Hope. delay in getting a boat down the river. However we chanced it. One cannot
instead

River
Fort

have everything.

Besides, the

trail

was

new
days

to us.

After

we had been

out three or four

we came

across two

men who were

returning after prospecting to the north.

They
in

told us of
dirt,

having struck a place rich
it

pay
it

work
This
ing.

is

was impossible to because the water was too far away. one of the difficulties in gold-huntbut that

Besides finding the gold in paying quantities one must also find the water to

wash

it

out.

These men, who were Canadians, also told us a piece of news they had heard that made us feel anxious. It was to the
effect that the Chilkats

were " out."

This

meant that our bones would stand a good

214
came upon

A Man

Adrift
mountains
if

chance of lying

in the

they

us, for the Chilkats

savage, fighting Indians. different race altogether from the Siwashes,

were hard, They were a

who

and amenable

were, generally speaking, inoffensive, to the missionaries.

A

Chilkat was as ugly and as dangerous on
the warpath as a Sioux Indian.
to

However, do them justice, they never went out withit

out being given a good reason for way or another by white men.

in

some
this

But

thought was rather cold comfort just then. The Canadians and ourselves decided Four would to keep together on the trail.

have a better chance of standing
than two.

off a rush

We

we Then was

kept the sharpest look-out just as were going in or going out of a canyon.

the greatest danger of falling into an ambush, for the Chilkats were in
the habit of posting themselves amongst the big rocks that lay around the mouth.

Here they would lie white men to come
not only hear

in wait for

days for
could
trail,

along.

They
miles

men coming
miles

along the

when they were

and

away,

The
but

Chilkats
tell

215
this

they

could
It

how many were
by
the
in

coming.

was said they did
a
certain

going

up canyon and
strange Indians

into

part

of

listening.
in

Sound

acts

a

way knew

the mountains, the

and the
their

mountains and

ways
filled

absolutely.

Going through these gloomy canyons
us with dread.
evil,

They looked

so dark so
still.

and
It

and tremendous.
in the

And

was when we were

middle of one

that our nerves were strung to the hardest Death seemed to be hanging tension.

about us
hind

to

be ahead of us

to

be be-

The vengeance of the Indians us. seemed to be lurking in the immense, sinister shadows thrown down upon us from the
vast,

black walls

of

the

canyon.

It

is

terrible to live

momentarily
lay

in expectation

of violent death.

At night when we
build a
fire.
is

down we

did not

for a fire

mountains.

It was not a safe thing to do, seen a long way through the used to go off three or

We

four hundred yards from the trail. Each of us took a turn at standing watch whilst

We and and but Perhaps at all! the It Chilkats were not "out" been a spirits rose as might have false report. in time at and men will get used to last we got used to the anyidea of being began joke rushed at any moment. And along. our we tramped a tension Men If can't stay at for the Chilkats wanted us they would for us ! come However.2i6 A Man Adrift But at the rest slept in their blankets. ever. Here we would be could get to Fort Hope without any trouble. or six days more we would be at the north fork of the Fraser. But thing. to be ourselves to laugh talk. From there Bob and could go over to Vancouver or Port . We breed us all I who had a down the boat big enough to take river. night as long as we had no fire fairly safe. for. constant watch. the Canadians knew a halfall right. We In five were getting well over the trail. we were day- The danger was in the time. we kept up the same sharp. as luck would have it.

" so as to see what going I suggested to Bob But Bob didn't as a passenger was like. barely in time to volley that miss seemed to come . " they would be sure to try and rush us. throwing himself flat. Down!" shouted Bob. and have a little time with the gold we had brought from Similakameen. We knew at once what was up. made a sign to us. ! one another. As there were only four of ! us. it was Canadian. The Chilkats were coming down upon us We were in for it. They were worse than the maybe. too. cruel He to said that in men were most were. And one of the Canadians said he see it. trailing who us now I to kill us was in the thick of a strong argument with -him as to this assertion when Bob.The Chilkats 217 Moody. Chilkats. that perhaps we might as well pay for a passage to Europe before we had the " time. was good enough for him in it he were given a The North-west ! He had lived for twenty years ! He this was very sore on civilisation. We a dropped. wouldn't live in Europe if town in it for nothing. who was going on in front.

"I don't think all. and was rushing full at us with a yell. The bad however. Adrift It was hardly the place the Chilkats. can hide behind to The seemed be going there's so on all around us.2i8 from A Man everywhere." many with of 'em after said the Canadian the whom I had been having argument. it. Suddenly an Indian seemed to spring He was hardly over up out of the ground. We it is stayed down hard to hit a a few seconds is man when he lying prone on the ground and then all at once there broke out a most horrible whooping and screeching. but by this time we had got a hold upon ourselves. and get Where the Chilkats were it was Indians noise hard to nothing. would work for The We all we were it able. where we would have expected for we were nowhere near flat for a canyon. Still. when the Canadian raised . we could see no one as yet. to try and to would not have paid tell. twenty feet from us. were not under cover. screeching was enough to upset one. that we part of it was.

but they hundred. big Indian had knifed the life It was a slashing up-stroke. but somehow the barrel of his Winchester got in his way when the Indian was close to turn. Up Up I shouted and we were up to meet the rush. A The Canadian would have been all right. up to him. and he fell over on his face. clad in skins and leggings. knife he " had brandished shot out of us. made noise enough for a He was Poor old Canadian ! gone. was over. I found out that was then that there is no weapon It like a revolver sharp work. They had dropped their guns. and were on us with their knives. yelling wild. out of him. They ! came for us. savage-faced men. The his body. The Canadian was many Indians. of big calibre for close.The Chilkats 219 himself easily and dropped him with his The ball had gone through Winchester. as he was trying . and. ******* The whole thing right. after There were not so all no more than a dozen. " his hand towards ! and Bob grabbed it. back to back.

for the us to wait about too Chilkats might come back Again we were on the trail. I slash in his shoulder as well as my and. again. needle and thread. too. I of the took Bob's coat off. And. ing over him. for there was nothing but rock all around for us. This time we had to go very slowly on account of . After finishing he gave Bob a jab in the shoulder. a grave for him. was nearly done up through loss of The Canadian's partner was cryblood. and finally what was Chilkats drew off. They had been together ten years. only that I in got on him in time with the revolver. getting out stitched up the I could. and would have finished him. When he was out of the way the fight left slackened. it would not do much. Chilkat. all This Indian the rest put the Canadian. He He was lying close to the big and the worst of it was we had to We could not dig leave him as he lay.220 the knife A Man went into Adrift him. again. gave more trouble than together. and it took him hard to see him dead.

and who helped we fell in with who were very us for out. The voyage in the boat did us good. was glad when the whole thing was over and I had got Bob safe to Vancouver. Chilkats did not bother us When we were two days' journey from the north fork of the river an English hunting party kind to us.The Bob. afraid proper Only for meet- a I'm would have gone under. Then We he took the three of us down the river to Fort Hope. and we were not able to We had to walk him slowly take it. A wounded man needs rest above time. here for a day or so with the halfstayed breed whom the Canadian knew. everything else. between us. They gave me some and quinine Bob some linen to make he bandage ing them Finally for his wound. The again. we got to the north fork. There he had to go on the sick list for a I . I Chilkats 22 1 was beginning to be afraid about He seemed to get weaker all the him.

222 time. . A Man When Adrift he was right again we went over to Victoria to take our ease and to put the boys on the best way of going to Similakameen.

in Vancouver Island. 223 This . and talked calmly about nothing in parIf there were not enough holidays ticular. Salmon was still cheaper and easier to get. and white labour commanded a high The Si wash Indian sold the game price. It man for next to cost almost less for a deer bought from him than it would to buy enough powder and shot to kill it. so as to supply properly their strong demand for rest. Over their dinners they lingered They smoked to soothe themselves. They opened ing. Jong. in the year they he had killed to the white nothing.XVI. Food was very cheap and easy to get. FROM VICTORIA TO NANAIMO life IN the old days people took easily at very Victoria. made more. their shops late in the morn- and closed them up early in the after- noon.

About thirteen thousand people lived in The hurry-up . Men were more plentiful. was and the being forced to leave town and go up into There the northern part of the island. favourable state of affairs was. and they had stopped studding with holidays. and labour The shops opened early cheaper. and laze and smoke Victoria British to their heart's finest content. The former state of affairs spirit The hurry-up had passed away.224 A Man Adrift be sure. This all was the town in Columbia. to to the inhabitants. it. The men who year had a yearning for leisure were gradually to linger. or rather rushed. for their command of good and sufficient amount of leisure which poets and philosophers say is so that necessary for man's best development. of the near-by United States had crept. Everybody was hustling. hunt a little. The people were forgetting closed late. Bob and I got to Victoria when the old days had slipped as it' were into the new days restful a trick they have. into the town. they could live with the Siwashes and do nothing but fish a little.

They embodied prosaicism. They washed clothes. who had arrived at the conclusion that it was necessary for the well-being and happiness to try their level best to get twenty-five hours' time out of the twenty-four. The Chinese were here. paved highways The better the roads the rush. looked unpicturesque. and. above all. swifter the evidently became the motto of the people. well They had on the face of represented it arrived at the conclusion that there were flowerier places even than the Flowery Land. They said that when they came to a country they carried hard times with them on their backs.Victoria to and rush-around giving to it Nanaimo had resulted 225 in the spirit and drives. cooked. and that this was one of them. The assertion was mainly because the white used them as a means to grind capitalist down and starve to death his white quite true. The Victorians were always grumbling about them. bitter dis- . brother. did light labouring work. of straight. They were an unstartling and uninteresting lot. In the long-winded.

Just before Victoria. and that Victoria was their stopping-off I was not aware that Similakameen place. was a rather The old-timers trying place to live in. had been known so with the respect that long. one mention the fact white gold-greedy their men smuggled them across frontiers and through harbours in defiance of own laws and exclusion acts. haste from different parts of the world for the good An did old white-whiskered who me the honour of taking a drink with me. is but I listened due to the aged. said it was the rendezvous of outlaws. the I close of the restful epoch. maiming and . He tell took the drink. offcolour adventurers.226 cussions I A Man Adrift heard about them no one ever Neither did anythat brought out this point. and other in kindred gentry who had departed of their health. heard. told me that the gold-find in Similakameen attracted them. and when ripe I I thought that the time was asked him to have another drink. Victorian. and then went on to me that these fellows were always raising rows and ructions.

found to their cost that the old-timers knew a thing or two more about fighting than they did. As soon as they made a call stake at the placer mines. I can't say he rose to my suggestion. white. Instead. said. and thought a little. old The But paused. and they would come in and spend the town to witness that they it. suggested to the old-timer that they must have been a this I were spending At desirable acquisition to the regular population in the sense of affording an element of excitement to off-set and balance the easiness and sleepiness of the town. They they old-time inhabitants. and breaking the peace generally. and plenty of time for fighting. but now and then they had the nerve to turn their attentions to the The result was that were suppressed vigorously. he it. At this the aged.whiskered man finished his drink.Victoria to killing Nanaimo 227 each other. They had little time for work. he asserted that it would have been all right and proper if these fellows man had only fought with and exterminated one another. .

228 A Man after this Adrift Not long Bob and I found ourselves strapped. mouldered and worn appearance. due. the brilliant idea of going over to Nanaimo. Here I went to the Globe Hotel and made a borrow from Ben Woods. suppose. So we left for Vancouver. It straits on a big was beginning to snow when we got to Nanaimo. our passage across the freight sloop. the proThen it was that Bob conceived prietor. however. Then we worked Island. would listen admiringly to our recitals of our adventures along the trail. I On the . a town in the northern part of Vancouver The brilliancy of the idea lay in the fact that we had never been there. and then calmly borrow from us. we took the precaution of spending the money I had borrowed. and things began to look The town had a rather bad for us. Before we thought of starting. Making valiant efforts to relieve the Saharan thirst of bar-room crowds soon eased us of what we had Fellows brought from Similakameen. to the incessant rains.

. We walked dolefully along the main street was trying to think as to ways and means. an oasis liked to have gone in ! But. across the well lit We Over way was a saloon with windows and looking altogether cheerful in the midst of darkness and snow and damp. . The thought it was a useless one though did bear I most exasperatingly upon the point. A Where knotty problem was before us. was a dull wooden grey town . had got to the end of the and were standing for a moment. It was snowing. How we would have up. street. of. and and night was snowing in it coming on and Bob and I had no money.Victoria to coast in British for at least five It it Nanaimo it 229 Columbia rains steadily months in the year. and where had our should we sleep that night ? We but going outside the town to sleep out was not to be thought blankets with us. alas ! we I could hadn't the price. think of the money we had flung around so freely when we were telling the fellows not help but in Victoria all about things. should we get something to eat.

or. If it turned the if over my mind. and these were the miners.230 turned it A itself Man my in Adrift mind. for it was Saturday night. I still All at once an idea broke in on me. was a simple idea. It I I turned and said a few words to Bob. they were all coal-miners. and they were coming to invest part of their wages in a little and sociability. I could tell that they were coal-miners by the set and walk of them. but the more examined it the more luminous it got. over in rather. and he grinned with approval. gazed yearningly at the Neither of us said a word. where one about. A lot of men were drinking at the bar. Round about jollity Nanaimo were coal mines. is in the habit of seeing them Bob and saloon. Men were going into the saloon. We walked across the road and into the saloon. There was no mistaking . and the most of them were men from the north of England. Yes. but was a big one. for I belonged to the North of England.

Victoria to Nanaimo 231 and in- their strong." He ordered We oasis. " in a broad I Lancashire accent. Eh." he said." I had struck the right note. give a trifle after. with a smile. tha' knows Bowton. If you don't mind. My mate here will go round." said I. lad. hard-looking frames telligent faces. Monchester. I come from the north of England. and we had it rough coming over the trail. If I'd like to sing you a song or two. We had got to the turned out that there were several Lancashire men in the crowd. It were all right. in a loud voice. Ah come from theer. It did me good to hear the good old broad burr . " Wheer abouts does tha' come from said " ? one man. just "me and my mate here have from Vancouver. o 1 ' Mates. me. but luck was against us." said. Thee and thy mate come " wi' and have a sup drinks for us. Before that come over we were in Similakameen. as he grasped " my hand. anyone likes to we should be thankful.

" he treated next. heart)' supper. red- He old English tavern landlord. but his accent as rich before. " A Man A He Adrift to man who belonged called it Heywood us Yowwood. " " ! said we were. It had been away from Lancawas as if he had only left it the day were getting on swimmingly. he brought us back into the parlour. looked as if he might have been suddenly dropped into " Owdham " or this " I far - away place from and Bowton.2 32 again." and the drinks were again in evidence." After supper was in great form." of them had often heard it sung in Many the Old Country. lad. shire for twenty years. was the landlord faced. To use a placerism. when we man. and gave us a big He was a jolly-looking. a typical. that's good said the man from " Bowton. we had struck big paying pans. They applauded when My first Hey. . turned out that the landlord also was a We Lancashire man. Then the landlord asked us if we were hungry. and I had finished. song was "Tom Bowling. After this I sang.

And that night and " slept at the house of the we went over man from Bowton. all We were right. He collected over fifteen dollars." . Then Bob went round with the hat.Victoria to Nanaimo 233 sang several more songs in the bar-room.

plained to our friend that So I exwe were sailors. to subject of work drop. strong. Besides. and I was " " Bowton would afraid the man from Bob's lungs were in added. I a delicate condition. and therefore accustomed fresh air. Bob's looks comment upon our relief. WITH THE INDIANS from "Bowton" said that he THE man would get us a job in the coal mines.XVII. he the However. Whilst we were in Nanaimo we came within an ace of being Shanghaied. Toil in the open in was bad enough. to good. hardly bore out my statement. But that hardly suited us. but toil down the darkness of the mine was something air to get away from altogether. the let fact. Being Shanghaied means being taken aboard a vessel against your will 234 when she is on .

as the case thing often happens in a wharf groggery. The custom originated in Shanghai.With the Indians 235 the point of sailing and being forced to Men are do a sailor's work upon her. A man is hustled out when he is half unconscious. and taken over to the vessel which sail. It was the day but one for after in my the singing the Lancashire men saloon. or when they may be. usually Shanghaied when they are drunk. The are drugged. we wanted it to to buy flour and bacon Bay. hands game was tried upon Bob and myself we were neither drunk nor the When drugged. put aboard a boat. is lying outside ready a is to make its This way of of getting ship complement practised more on the Pacific Coast than anywhere else. a stevedore original played in a simple and like A man who looked us stopped on the main . to take with us Departure The game was way. and we were holding on as tight as we could to the money Bob had for collected.

" he said. thought a little. rather curious that the ship we thought were going to work on was not tied up to the wharf. where he got into a yawl. looked at her. A Man and asked us Adrift if a job unloading a ship at forty cents an hour. I thought that the time to get a little light on the asked the man oar. He shipped an and pointed to a vessel that lay off a mile away. and he told us to come we wanted We He went down to the along with him. pulled straight it Then he I bay. ship." . where the ship was. I was ripe for Bob and myself subject." I "Turn back.236 street. half "Out I there. but for the moment I said out into the nothing. He was out to Shanghai us ! Once aboard to get the full-rigger ashore again ! we would have a job said to him. "Belay. said we did. bidding us do the same. She was a big. full-rigged The man bent himself to his oars I again pulling strong. went on pulling out farther and Finally. He farther. edge of the wharf. and then I dropped to the whole scheme.

With He the Indians : 237 all I " It's stopped pulling. and we walked up there after we had bought some provisions at a store. round Departure Bay was only six miles away from Nanaimo. Our plan was to find a deserted shack on the edge of the forest and ensconce ourselves there for the winter. White . laughed. bit all " No. Bob laughed. a lot about We Bob and I had heard such they led that well if them and the calm life that we thought it would be as we took it on for a time. would have an easy time of it there along with the Siwash Indians who lived round about. He knew what at once. and " plied. and he turned back got on the wharf again I and struck him in the When we turned face. right." But the man was a told obstinate. have to this I pull us there in At stood if up and asked him he could swim. He us that it was and that anythe boat. he would how. and said " Don't you want the job ? right." I re- we don't want the job just yet. I meant.

with savage eyes. and lent us the pots and pans we needed. Many of them had taken squaws for their wives. He gave the life big praise.238 men were in A Man Victoria had lots Adrift told us that there of shacks fellows had deserted lying around that after the life had palled It upon them. They were most hospitable. and die His talk put the end like a cur! in me mind of the talk of the poor old Canadian who was knifed by the big Chilkat. One old man had lived there for twenty years. and tolerated the missionaries who . we had been told. He now for it said he for wouldn't live in civilisation thing. mild faces. The men. We did find a suitable shack. And also we found quite a number of white men who turned out as were living with the Indians. straight fellows. There was nothing all anybut to work in your days like a dog. strapping. in no way who were big. These Si wash Indians were like the Chilkats. stockily-built with flat. They liked white men. Si washes were small.

I had ever set eyes upon. and was easy to had. moist language that seemed It was hard to be without consonants. A potlatch xwas . It was an odd. curious curious ceremony that it a most was most practical. With their conical hats made out of bark. a polyglot language invented by the traders so that they might the more easily do the for a white man to get the different tribes of Indians out of all they This language only contained about three hundred words. Some of them were the quaintest-looking little men tall. got fixed up comfortably in our shack. One could imagine them stepping up from out of the earth. from the standpoint of civilised ethics. they looked exactly like large gnomes. all of us white men were after Soon we invited by the Siwashes to assist in is. learn. Their language sounded most strange. hang of it. When talking to a Siwash one had usually Chenook was to fall back upon Chenook. A potlatch was given.With the Indians 239 gave them religion mixed with presents.

as reward. matter. he would be saving up all his life. up all he could for Sometimes. fishing-nets. Everytill one ate and drank and made merry last of the wealth was gone. the The Indian who gave it had. .240 a big following A Man feast. mattered not whether they were of the tribe or not. thing. To one would be invited . Presents were given to everyone. blankets. and everyWhen he had become rich he this feast everyit would give a feast. passing white man race who had crushed them and was if robbed them of their country to the potlatch as invited warmly as he were of the tribe. the knowledge that he was honoured by his tribe as a good and generous man. And the feast went on. or enemies. of the Even race did not The stray. Adrift and : it manner was got up in the A Siwash would save years. money. ammunition. He to all would deny himself everything so as be able to gather together wealth of kinds rifles. it mattered not whether they were strangers. indeed. knives. This was a potlatch. friends.

just as it is the great ambition of the white man's to life amass gold for himself. drinking. Q We . The feast lasted four days. religion of the Indian taught The to him it amass wealth so that he might give to others. The far potlatch was given in a great tent away in the forest. for presents blankets.With the Indians 241 To give a big potlatch was the great ambition of the Indian's life. At this potlatch a feeling of disgust and shame came over me when I thought of the men of my own race who had the presumption to try and thrust their religion on a race who possessed a religion of their own and that could impel fine acts. and some things of which we were in need for our shack. had the finest time men could have singing and dancing and eating and We felt so much at home. By the acts shall one know of the worth of religions. and Bob and I got ammunition. them to such noble By the fruit shall one know the tree. it even though he knows he must get sin out of blood and and misery.

There was an old Indian with whom I both tried got on particularly well. with an intelligent face We and kindly eyes. You were asked because you were a human being. you. to tell each other all we knew. Lots of white men had married squaws.242 You were A Man Adrift was so sincere. he argued he had and they turned married one in fact ! And the out to be the best wives going. and who had had experience of many potlatches. and you could salt enough down for the winter. When men the potlatch was over we white went back to our shacks on the edge of the forest. He was a nice old fellow. and you were responsible In the to no one but yourself. summer time you . and the old fellow. too ! liked. told me that Bob and I ought to settle down with the Indians and live our lives out with them. who had lived out of civilisation for twenty years. You did what you life was easy. could get all the salmon you wanted. This Indian hospitality not asked because they knew or because you might be interesting.

even when looked from the low standpoint of expediency. tried to spring a religion upon who them that was not so good as their own ! This was a strong opinion for the old man to give vent to concerning the mis- sionaries. Besides. upon correct deduction from think that to conquer and subjugate a race was bad enough. is impolitic to allow the religion of a " " race that is called savage to be inter- fered with. Men in will forgive you for beating them but they will not forgive you for interfering with their inherited ideas of what is sacred and holy. war. and of game. And man ran on.With the Indians the forest was old full 243 so the Flour and tobacco were easy to get. . The the missionaries. and who corrupted the Indians. must say that experience has shown me that the opinion was But a I based facts. only drawback was They were a lot of loaf- ing hypocrites. without afterwards sending out men to insult this One would was a at it race by telling them that their religion false one.

Man often Adrift undo the doings of Missionaries armies and great generals. The old man who lived with the Siwashes was right in what he said. .244 A.

wondering. had just deserted the vessel upon which had shipped from Nanaimo. And of I I at last I found myself at the foot Market Street in 'Frisco. months DeI Bob stayed with them. I was in 245 . The in idea in my mind Nanaimo.XVIIL IN 'Frisco I A NEW PHASE become tired went on the stage. and thought I would glitter first like to try for awhile the tinsel and and ease of the formed itself I stage. had been singing in the and several people had said to Why don't you go down to 'Frisco " and go on the stage ? me. I never saw him again. In " Nanaimo saloons. with the at where returned after several living Siwash Indians parture Bay. I had of the sea and the mountains I and the Indians.

and with the forest. saw the spruce-looking for rehearsal. And I was brown and hardlooking and weather beaten as tough a looking specimen of the genus one could lay eyes on. However. plucked up went in and saw the conductor. and singers going in them from across the road. and I was afraid in and ask to be taken as a singer. I homo as had been told went there. Indians in the confused me. Opera It and I was eleven in the morning. Billy Furst.246 'Frisco! A Man ? Adrift to get I stage But how was I That was the rub. I the Tivoli in Nanaimo to go to House on Eddy Street. I watched My courage to had deserted me. a used up merchant sailor's suit which to the I had on me. on the possessed a hardened constitution. go The hurry and bustle of the town after the quietude of life in the solitude of the mountains. and coin of the realm amount of four dollars and a half. This was the extent of my capital through and through. Civilisation was be- ginning to get on I my nerves. a belt and a sheath knife. He looked .

sing in the different operas.A New at Phase I 247 looked so me in an astonished way rough. He asked I was. my knockings around afterwards I studied it I used to buy up whenever I could. for the chorus. and so unlike a vocalist. I told living with Indians in Vancouver Island. and where I him that I had been came from. I managed In by myself. vocal scores. The trial satisfied my could read him. Joseph Maas. He I laughed. but tried voice. When England I I was a boy in the North of used to spend my sixpences in the gallery of the theatre when going to an opera was on. me who and what tired of sailoring. The love of music stimulated me to try and pick up a knowledge of to learn to read a little it. Thus I managed to learn to read even difficult music. music. and then he asked me if Then he engaged me I could. and that I had come down to San FranI was cisco to go on the operatic stage. I remember when I worked . and practise reading at sight. I had heard the great tenor. I was very fond of music. I said.

Billy Furst told me that was all knew stage. literate had about stead. But I must say that night " when the was on the stage that was opera being given I the strangest Orpheus and Eurydice feeling came over me that I ever had in " my The life. This hour when I ability to read music I was the only thing me. for." after and studying it hour had done work. transition was so abrupt. I they paid raw chorus singers nothing in particular about all who the passed that memorable morning between the conductor and myself and the singers who stood won't go into that round wonder-struck.248 at Shaft A Man Adrift 19 going to New York one pay " day and buying a score of Verdi's Aida. distant place I was able to tackle the tinsel and glitter and ease of that the stage at the munificent salary of eight dollars a week. It was . It now served me in good in place of having to tackle a lime- was going a long way off to juicer some vague. gazing on me as if I were some wild animal.

and what sort of a life it was. who would every now and then come up to me and ask me how I liked living with the Indians. flower of civilisation. To I say that it I was bewildered would be the mildest to put in way out. was Imagine it! Here and brilliant light soft. to be sure. see what the stage was like as soon as possible. Furst thought that was as well for me come and After all. and colour. lovely white stunned knocked was women. getting taken on here was the The odds were a purest kind of luck. possible. and I was hard-looking and toughlooking enough to look my story. wearing my weather-beaten to merchant it sailor clothes. grand music. I was just standing in the wings. I was not playing as yet. At the time they didn't .A New coming a comic brilliant Phase life 249 with right from the midst of the Indians in Nanaimo company to the midst of opera that gaudy. and captivating. It just chanced that the conductor took an terest in in- me. My story had circulated round. thousand to one against me.

This was at the conductor's suggestion. A got for dollars fifteen good breakfast could be cents. and a room for two a week. Food was cheap For a quarter one could get a good course dinner and a small bottle of wine. but suppose was an excuse put forward by Furst so that I could draw my salary. dollars a week. .250 really A Man want I Adrift If I singers. The mildness of the climate made it possible to live on almost like I one meal a day. After roughing it had been the change was delightful. that I could He put I told the management the time in like this the next opera don't think I was of for I while to I was waiting be put on. I found that I could live well in 'Frisco on eight there. I on as did had not caught would have had to ship out sailor I of 'Frisco. much use that this to the fly-man. and not be charged anything extra for coffee. It was a saving management. As the I was a was sent up into flies to help the fly-man with the ropes attached to the drops and borders and curtains.

I had. but after a while they got used to me. And felt somehow was more looked at than anyone else. Here so the people were so far and quiet and seemed to be an air of passive still away and critical.A New The first Phase 251 opera that was put on was I Erminie. enjoyed the rehearsals very much." a beautiful. of course. ! subtle. The stage as thrilled strange charm of the me. There hosas if I tility about I them. As stood on the stage the lights and the watching faces behind them produced a curious. chilling effect on me. At " I was an object of curiosity to the other chorus singers. alluring if charm It seemed lived to me I had never really before. but then sung before an audience before. . I was near to them. That wonderful. But the nervous feeling soon wore off. The magic and vitality of the music and the scene and the glowing lights got into my blood. bright opera. was of them. first When as I the night came I was as nervous if I were going to play a big part.

The life I had led had made me overready to fight.2 $2 A Man first Adrift ! That a night on the stage in It marked new phase my life. and Italians. They were an odd lot of men unlike any I had ever come into contact with before. Billy Furst. chance to play a principal I did not stay long at the Tivoli. chance at it Poor chorus singers This ! ! them was always saying how attitude of mind of theirs was so human and life pathetic. and intelligent on the whole. men. who was it . alike. cultivated They were. They as did not think singers. much of the principals One or other of well they could play the principal part if they only If they only got a got a chance at it. In one way they were all All of and them thought they had wonderful voices just and true methods of producing tone. My comrades in the chorus were made up chiefly of Germans. Frenchmen. But was mainly through my own fault. is One of the hard things in to feel that you have never had a part. I was always quarrelling with the Germans.

After this. life became rather hard for me. interceded several times with the manage- ment on my behalf. This was about the time I met Ward. It was each day for and be thankful that yesterday had passed. All the details of how we managed to tell. Our great aim in life was to get some- . I could have gone back to follow the sea again any time I wished.A New favourably Phase 253 disposed towards me. I had not been able to save a great my eight dollars a week. to live would be hard to for the effort we make on each it so strenuous that particular day was blotted out completely nearly everything that had happened on the preceding day. for would be cheaper us to live together. itself. We had occupied the same small room. We were somewhat in the same fix. I got discharged. and we thought we might It as well join forces. but I had had deal out of enough of it.* But at last I kicked up too big a row. and to-morrow had not yet come.

She wanted the lucre. but he lacked action. and she hazarded opinion that we would soon be another week behind. something? The only thing that was clear in my mind something was. but firm. happened like this : . and with it It won ten dollars. and done But how was I to define that quickly. and then where would she come things tone. and by hook or crook find the two dollars a week for our room. I He to me. She was suave. Besides. initiative In tight was a nice fellow. we were a On week behind the already. face. and vigour of places he always looked brave. I That night fortune favoured the borrowed a quarter. in ? All this and other she told us in a suave but firm Steel in velvet is a bad thing to Something had to be done. I one to do it. for was that whatever the would have to be the Ward was not to be depended upon. one occasion the landlady told us that we should have to get out on the next day.254 A Man Adrift thing to eat.

They all knew me sauntered in they asked as a matter of course to have a drink. blessing the man who . I assented. Just for a shake. and when I Phase 255 baritone of the Tivoli Opera House at a bar in Market Street friends. Finally I plucked up and tried to borrow " a quarter from one of them. however. The all baritone had been paid Tivoli. I But before he knew where he was had ! won ten dollars off him. is quit. was not stitious. but I had the luck of the won man in his last ditch. tried to Poor baritone He who double or I every throw. wishing the while that I could take part in the game. He a said was unlucky to lend money for to it. But he didn't see it. else would play with me I He came away jubilant. He lent it me supera quarter. As I was taking the drink I stood watching them. however. but I'd his salary that night at the have won it and every- thing else in sight. and as no one stopped. man and then gamble with him The baritone.A New The was shaking dice with two of his me." I put it it. and said he would win back off me just for fun.

The food was plentiful. Adrift had invented Ward and I were I How astonished he was when woke him little up. One was good for its soup at one o'clock. but somewhat coarse of quality at some places. The merits and demerits of the free-lunches of the and even the distant. the climate of California is delightful. saloons were well known to us.256 saved. At another the corned beef was fine. and a go at the free-lunch counter. air is clear and bright I of But Ward and couldn't eat the climate in our trying. hungry hours. . were unable even to raise the modest ten cents that We would procure us two drinks. neighbouring. And at the saloon on O'Farrell Street you could eat all you were able without the bar- tender looking at you in a pained and pointed way. as he lay in the bed in our room. while at others it was choice but slight Of and course. A Man dice. and rattled the big silver dollars under his nose ! There were days when Ward and I abstained from food altogether. full The life.

the corner of Phase 257 One evening we were holding one of were standing on and Market Streets. At still I last I had an idea ! Forlorn but Ward was to go one way. and we were was to go to meet in an hour's time at the corner an idea. Our luck seemed to have gone from us altogether. but none of them seemed to be worth putting into execution. Eddy Our theme was how and where we should for We eat. If either of us had raised anything by that time we were to go over and have a feast at the Palace Restaurant. They had and there nearly is all been before.A New our consultations. too There was tried much of the forlorn hope about them. another way. a place where you could get one helping of meat. fruit for ever. and butter you A meal like R . and all "the bread could eat for fifteen cents. we hadn't eaten anything since the morning of the day before. where we were standing then. such a thing as driving the Trees won't bear willing horse to death. Different plans were brought up by us in turn. a big cup of coffee.

258 this. His step became springy and elastic as he walked across Market Street . I I to stand next to him when bass in the Tivoli chorus. was another man. and smiled " a large and joyous sort of way. We do in parted. as " It's all right. was to go and try and find Napoleoni Galliani a fine. I In about an hour's time the corner. Let's go over Palace and eat " ! He Ward's face brightened up wonderfully. As he failed. however. I going to the allotted forget. Come " ! on I exclaimed. I He had been unsuccessful. in walked quickly up to him. I took his to the arm. was much more satisfying than a raid on the best free lunch counter in 'Frisco. near I I got could see by his face that he had saw him approaching. My used plan. Ward come Soon. waiting for was back to at up. before I sang first But that was got the sack. What Ward was time. big Italian and borrow a dollar from him. cheerily. it A Man Adrift where you could sit down and take comfortably.

" Ward walked out into the street. with a great natural aptitude lanky man. simply surpassed himself. " had be presented to Here nodded Ward and Go on. very turned slowly to handed him the bill. and I topped by ordering two good cigars. it was over. then we walked -bills I easily to up to the desk where the paid. Ward was a most valiant and capable enjoying a good meal. for the putting away of food. and examined leisurely to see if all the items were correct. took the which was a heavy one for the place.A New Soon we were Phase 259 and in the Palace. Then and the cashier. We would light them at the desk as we were last the feast At off going out. I I did it He was a German. but on this occasion he He was a tall. and then lit my cigar at the little gas-jet I which burned at the desk. seated had helpings of meat and fish and everything in sight. me it the bill. We trencherman. with fair hair and . deliberately. As we stood up to I go the waiter handed bill. And and said. I'll settle the bill.

His . thought he was going to shout for help. " came run into his face. didn't take over a left his face. restaurant. remember his eyes well. The German looked at the bill. " He turned. He thing all The whole It few seconds. and I A the angry look gradually never uttered a word. was over before the next customer had come up Put that on the shelf behind you. looked so steadily and squarely Put that on the shelf right behind you till I come in to-morrow. I kept upon him a firm and fixed stare. chance of being half-killed by the waiters and bouncers. but always I kept my eye on his eye. paused. pointing to the bill. but said nothing." I " There. He realised that I had come into the bill it. slowly. to the desk. Then an angry look into them. on the shelf." I said in an even voice." repeated. and did as I bid him. and had up a big to without money pay for having the This was a danger- man ran a ous thing to do in 'Frisco.260 because I A Man I Adrift soft blue eyes.

. I saw Ward. If he had known the true state of face. light for Phase Then I 261 took another my cigar." I said. " No. and walked out very had been looking through the window. You had no money " I he gasped. affairs calmly and easily.A New eye met mine again. taking the whole A look of horror was in his thing in. He he would never have been able to " eat a mouthful.

How Come and have a are you getting on? drink. " Glad to see you. was a rather mild-looking young man. 262 I con- . across the He knew me when I The Count was singing at the Tivoli. was going down Market Street wondering what would turn up caught sight of Count Straps ambling towards me from I when suddenly road.XIX. "Hello! ""he exclaimed. who wore long hair and a cowboy hat. as he shook hands with me. Why he was called Count Straps was one of the mysteries that of California. EARNING THIRTY DOLLARS I ANOTHER time next. Report had it he had run dollars in through three hundred thousand two years." Not wishing to hurt his feelings.

The Count had not yet got down to bed rock. seen the game worked before.Earning Thirty Dollars sented." quickly. as finished my lager. he " I said. The impressiveness of his tone almost made me think he had pay for the order. turned and looked at him. You've been a to see " sailor " ? He paused a little words had upon me. I nexed three sandwiches." he concluded. to no money I had But happily I was deceived. 263 nearest we turned into the Here a magnificent I was struck my gaze. I reflected rapidly as walked over to the lunch counter and annexed more . and saloon. " I want you I to come aboard my yacht. what effect his And you can look out for things generally. taking some friends for a month's cruise down the coast to Santa Barbara am and back again. as he turned and signalled to the bartender to let us I have another drink. Two " lagers ! a bold tone to the bartender. glad been considerate Count's offer as " in I free lunch I that had the enough to accept walked over and ancalled out the Count.

" You don't need the it money now." he added. "You can have thirty dollars at the end of the trip. looking " I there " You It me up do my- and down. If you had Thirty dollars at Will that do?" It you'd only spend it." anything in it. money end of it off. should turn up And the Count lending me a we parted. self. we won't call it off. Count? clothes. So at the was settled that I wharf on the next day. dollar. Count. the end of the trip. I'll we'll call the go with you anyhow." he said. would it do. "But. if Oh I put in. "when a man has no money he I should dress well. " A Man A But Adrift month's cruise would do me no harm! Done ! "Done!" is I exclaimed. .264 sandwiches. and I need a suit of do." he assented. sagely." " things are tight. I'm broke. I think a month away from 'Frisco would do both myself and the town good." No. suppose I shall soon was a have " to turn into a " ! dude myself." But no worse than fact.

. in mind as far as an outfit was was me this only thing necessary for to do was to create a bit of an imposing I The effect as appeared on the wharf. for it is not cold off the coast of California. did not bother me much. All that had was a This couple of shirts and some socks. to see right. If it came on from the I to rain I would borrow oilskins Count or one of his friends. Thus my easy concerned. got my landlady to lend me lain an old worn portmanteau which had for a long time in her lumber-room. I With end in view. I This I polished up. but he had left 'Frisco to go to work on a ranch. getting together of was a job that would not The my belongings take up very I much of my time. was hailed with a shout from the Count when I appeared the next morning. who were I standing with him on the wharf.Earning Thirty Dollars I 265 was sorry I was not able to share the dollar with Ward. At once he introduced me to his friends. glanced if down sideways was looked it at the in portmanteau which swinging all my hard.

full-looking appearance. being yacht. but I wonder how he The truth was. but too much joviality would get us on the rocks. Cruising along a coast always wants careful watching. had helped out the shirts and socks It with some books and old papers. And. and steered with a tiller. In this particular I found in that fact. the too Count had excelled himself much himself. for he had got wines and spirits aboard to stock enough a canteen. had been subsisting mainly on hopes and free lunches. She'll do. She looked well and fit. I in effect the captain of the away hold prevailed upon him to stow nearly all the drinkables in the .2 66 It I A Man Adrift had a polished. accessory to the trip rather interested me. It was all very well to be excelled jovial. I told him. for things of late had not been going satisfactorily with I me in the eating line. this has grubbed her. beautiful little was a sloop-rigged boat of about fifteen tons. I ran my eye over his yacht. I thought to myself.

I 267 found that I but I was not only capwas the crew as well for the . Count came in and too. but he it all right. were nearly run down four or five times. swept round. The mate leaned over the I the rail. steamer tried to cut across the He He would have made risky. bows of a big which was coming head on to us. The main boom. How we got safely out of harbour and through the Golden Gates to will always remain a puzzle me. while he himself only knew enough to take risks. Count's friends knew nothing about the ways of a boat. the yacht get up and she jibed before we let knew where we as it were. for my . and with cursed fluency share. and damned vigour. though it was into the wind. The steamer managed as we were right under her bows with our mainsail shaking and flopping.Earning Thirty Dollars Soon tain. On one occasion we were within an ace of it. nearly knocked two of to stop his friends overboard. We The Count had to steer while I taken it upon himself tended jib.

When I put this to him with emphasis. did the Count ! At I last we were through the Golden Gates.268 But the the A Man 'Adrift Count got the lion's share of benediction because he was at the tiller. of whom knew fifth less I nothing about sailoring. I was in a situation at once ludicrous and dangerous. than nothing. The Count's dignity was injured a little by the variety and vigour of the insults and He epithets the mate had hurled at him. fellows in Here was four I with five a boat. Then began to think a little I about the situation. us. I a succession of bad quarter-hours. he would certainly have lost his yacht. as far as and the was con- . After this I took the tiller myself. And. and some of us perhaps our lives. and ourselves. he became himself again. to think to save Before that had had no time about anything but trying the had passed through yacht. and out into the free water. didn't seem to realise that we were precious lucky to get off with only a left-handed If the steamer had struck benediction.

I began to wish I had stayed Francisco. but a reed ! had entered upon this pleasure-trip depending on me to pull it through safely. to the fore. He was a nice fellow. I had hardly any knowledge of the coast. I would have hard work and anxiety all the It He There was humour. Count himself. in the situation but the humour was distime. I 269 myself didn't know too much about the handling of a boat with a fore and aft rig. very much four friends were in the cabin. counted by the danger. . I would have to do absolutely all the work! None of them could be trusted to take a watch. to be sure. and telling me all sorts of . for none of them could steer. in San We I ran along till it began to get dark Count's at the tiller all the time. I am thankful to say.Earning Thirty Dollars cerned. Besides. he was on deck. would be no pleasure-trip for me. the adventures the yacht had gone through in getting out of harbour proved And the Count to be a reed of the most broken kind. The They were As for the sick.

suddenly. for him up than anywas irritated right through.270 last I A Man " said." I asked. direction. gave me His being of any use at a pinch a decided shock. Adrift things about nothing in particular. I've been there before. place where we could run in for the night ? If I'm to be the captain and crew all rolled up into one. that point. I might as well have a little sleep. as I gave " do you know of a the tiller a shove. "Tell me. "Where?" I "Off over behind asked." he replied. but headed for the direction it he gave me." I hadn't been listening to what he had been saying. to seemed too good His remembering be true." said nothing. the Count did know of a little bay where we could run utter in To my and shelter. when Cregan was running me. I had asked him the question more to shut I thing else. At That's all right. We ought to make hour with I the yacht for half an it in this breeze. shelving bottom. I deter- . indicating the " It's a little bay with a sandy. incredulously." amazement.

the Count was really in charge of the ship. As captain. the Count was mattered unable to me. of the tell place was. and we all had a jolly supper Soon together in the cabin. It did turn out all right. We . The Count shore. the Count deferred to me as to whether or not drink should be allowed. What the name little. for sure I enough ran the yacht into as fine a little anchorage as one could wish for. But that The fact of his piloting me to it at all helped me to forget his curious method of steering us through the harbour in the morning. let I down the anchor as the jib and dropped ran her up close to the in Then we took after this. made a night of it discipline but myself. The drinkables were brought into requisition. the mainsail. and that there was no one to Also. the others got over their sea sickness.Earning Thirty Dollars mined if it 271 have a turned out all right to better opinion of him in future. might as well relax dison the grounds that we were at I anchor. that as pilot. But I thought that cipline.

three days. In time we worked our way down Drake's Bay. When was night came we little anchor again in another at least a The Count good pilot.was glad that my golden wanderings had led me to such a country. And we made another night of it. I and the sun was shining as with a soft. The sky We got was gloriously blue. . and had had the excitement of getting through a fortune in a hurry. into it in the morning. His friends stayed drinking below in the cabin most of the dropped bay. it shines only in California brilliance. old proverb had it that a rolling stone gathered no moss.A Man The next Adrift day things went on more smoothly. time. He had been a good deal around. But surely. and told me various stories. this It to Here we stayed two or was a most beautiful bay bay where the English rover had cast his anchor in the long ago. just the same. but I had to do all the steering The Count tended the jib. After all there was something to be said in favour The of knocking about the world. .

that if the crew to mutinied. We The Count joked me. and stowed them in the cabin. There were some cattle scattered over the hills. the captain would come the front most effectually.Earning Thirty Dollars at least. chasten Living me. in civilisation There was began a flavour to of piracy about the suggestion reminiscent of the old buccaneers who had made this s . if would they do replied saying what I the crew mutinied. A few hours before our time for sailing out of the bay the Count made a proposal. and his friends were most jovial and com- got all the drinkables panionable. and as we were short of fresh meat he said it would be a good idea to scout I around and shoot a calf. and sleeping The Count aboard the yacht at night. in 273 became the rolling the stone bright ! We here in enjoyed ourselves while we were loafing and lazing around on shore the sun in the daytime. out of the hold. agreed with him that it was an excellent idea provided no one caught us carrying it out.

would be too heavy to Besides. I But after a little per- began to see the romance of the When you are amid the ruins of naturally apt to feel some! Rome you are what Roman scout. part We of the I had trip. and scarce. We started out on the But no calves were to be found. would be too long a story I about the second half of the to say that I Enough was to more than earned the money As get from Count Straps. made themselves in killing There was no use that anyget idea. Having through whole days to tell was rather wearying. trip. of our evil intent. suasion idea. got through We stayed here some time. as captain and crew needed a to steer continuously in succession It thought the rest. There were nothing but big cows and bulls or The calves must have known bullocks. thing aboard. the mind of the Count to give ran on veal. We had up the At before last we were first riding safe at anchor Santa the Barbara. .274 A Man Adrift part of the Californian coast one of their stamping grounds.

the Golden Gates. after an anxious time. too. But I managed to sheer away. deadly roar of the surf. but I felt that I needed all my to wits about me to and it. only that we were usually able to put in somewhere at night I could never have had to do all pulled As it was. keep a lookout I had to leave and run forward I to tend the jib when- ever I got the put the boat about. Drunken shouting and singing from the cabin below mingled with the ugly.Earning Thirty Dollars before. I was just beginning to see the black heads of the rocks in the moonlight. They wanted drinking with his friends. by good luck . manage the tiller. but he saw too Count up to pilot me. and. me to drink. we almost through. I had her through When I got to the wharf. I When heard the roar of the breakers thought we were done for. many I lights at once. I 275 And the steering. I side the harbour of had made the mistake of trying to get in in the The Count was in the cabin night-time. went ashore on the Seal Rocks just outSan Francisco.

276 A Man And I Adrift He grabbed a loafer was hanging around. Lord. as fervently thanked the hauled in the yacht and made I her fast. and hitched it round the line a spile. his was over day I walked up Market trip ! Street with my thirty dollars safe in my first The Count had been as good as word. I threw him. . The next The pocket. And I I went to to into the tailor's shop came buy myself a hand-me-down suit of clothes.

gressive from intensity. am and lounger that will sure that every globe-trotter agree with me in saying in a difference latitude in makes a corresponding of the sun's distinct difference rays. in Greenland he is 277 . For the sunshine the of California is past sunshine of any other part of the I planet. I the quality mean is moods. quality as Sol has varied piercingly ag- London he makes you sad because of the doleful way in which he in veils his face in fog . LOUNGING THROUGH SUNSHINE dollars left after I HAD twenty buying the I suit of clothes. and I thought might as well take a ing the have a look around California relaxation after captainI would like to Count's yacht. little to lounge through sunshine. In Calcutta he .XX.

in People who have month pounders. San Franciscan skies. and seems as not for this world. sultry brilliance. If you are foolish enough sand. from praising to the and that is is thing This part of the climate. in the after to walk along Market Street . all you have to do is to barely hint that the climate perfection. despised. rather. he were for his But he makes up is delinquencies. too. second. their lucid hardly been It is become the country a confirmed climate -ex- impossible to escape from and exhaustive way of putting If you wish to become unpopular and it. is the is most the vital topic in It first. are at He behaves himself. there Californian refrains is one thing that the the or. and third thing that is talked about. He shines with un- Climate California. their effect as and as mild and genial they are in England. brilliant as His in rays once as they are in Calcutta.278 A Man in California Adrift if pale and ethereal. is not quite absolute However. He in his best mood.

lo you are Chinese the filth. and gets into your eyes. and morbidness of the Aye. and everywhere it can. hazard a sarcastic remark about the of this will sand. You are in the midst of Mongol. You have but ! hold in San to turn Clay Street from Kearney Street. if you are unwise. pleased-to-meet-you kind of sand. The kona gathers it up from the neighIt is an affectionate and bouring hills. losing himself in a panegyric concerning the gilded benefits climate.Lounging through Sunshine 279 noon when the kona or trade wind is blowing from the Pacific Ocean. After it has dallied with you for a quarter of an hour. squalor. nostrils. you will. mouth. up walk in a city. look at you in reproachful The Chinese have a great Francisco. ears. under your vest. you speedily will become acquainted with this sand. and to wonder feebly at the Californian's climate- When next you hear him praising faculty. you begin to feel sorry for ever having come to 'Frisco. pockets. a block or two. the Chinese have come . For answer the panegyrist silence. and.

if such their solemn movements can be called. and themselves. If best. under the shadow of a great mountain. Even the very streets are as narrow and uneven as they are in the lower quarters of a town in far-away China.280 their A Man Here theatres. Santa Barbara. is As I said before. their uncanny-looking smoking opium mixed with tobacco from queer-looking shops. You is will find the climate as as they say it glorious and as beautiful is which saying a great deal. Adrift here to stay. Their playing with one another. pipes. animated wax dolls. No. who move around gravely. are their joss-houses. The . you must not stop in San Francisco. Little Chinese children. you must go south. the sand too familiar and affectionate for one's comfort. for Take lies It example. you want to see California at its however. look like quaint. has all the gravity of some religious ceremony. Here to its you will find California living up reputation. Stretching out before it is the laze and heave of the great Pacific Ocean.

possessed of great of imagination. is a hard-looking town. snow-topped mountains sail rise and till rise before you. Byron himself has not imagined a land-picture more There is a Jesuit missionmagnificent. a relic of the Spaniards. I believe . A town framed sun of gold. It is a is come upon Los a Before it is a desert of sand. house here. As you approach from the seaward great. can't for the life of it me after see why the Spaniards named the angels. two hundred years old.Lounging through Sunshine 281 scenery around this part of California is the most wonderful and beautiful in the world. strange-looking town town that at once old and young. You town on and on to in at last a little seems come up out of the the soft It is waters. a tithe of the beauty of Santa I In a way. clear fire of a Santa Barbara. high. for through the best vigour part of the year its heat is not calculated to They must have been make one think of Heaven. it possessing not Barbara. It realises the ideal of the greatest descriptive writers. Forty miles inland you Angeles.

282
there
that
is

A Man
a
fiction

Adrift
effect

abroad to the
of climate.

Los Angeles has everything
in

to
I

be

desired

the

way

am
to
I

sorry to

have to be heretic enough

deny

this.

The name

of the

town,

suppose, sounds well to the far outsider. He doesn't know, of course, that one of
the interesting things about the climate of California is the fact that it changes

tremendously within the radius of a There is a big difference few miles. miles coast and between the fifty
inland.

Yes,

I

named

this

wonder why the Spaniards It town after the angels.

could hardly be that the heat of it made them think of the fallen angels when they were christening it, for the Spaniards were conquerors of the devoutest calibre.

They slew and prayed and prayed and
slew,
in

presume, they indulged both these pastimes at one and the same time. Again, it might have been
often,

and

I

that a sense of the

humorous was upon them when they were performing the But this is hardly town's baptismal rite.

Lounging through Sunshine 283
probable, for they were civilisers, and, as everyone knows, civilisers are an
earnest,
stern,

unhumorous

lot.
it

A

joke

must have a

steel point to

can appreciate it. No, it have been humour nor irreverence that

before they could neither

prompted the Spaniards as
ing
deep,

to

the namis is

of

this

place.

The
to

reason
life

a
too

artesian
try

mystery,

and

abrupt to of it.

and probe
is

the

bottom

This town

the

For the

benefit of

home of the tamale. those who have never

known
what
its
it it

street at midnight,
is

the joy of eating a tamale on the I must try and describe

made

of,

what
In

it

is

like,
first

and

effect
is

generally.

the

place,

very warm to the hands, and looks like an overgrown bunged-up banana. It
of chicken, corn meal, strong spices, and other things known and unis

made up

These are all boiled and mashed up together, and laid out on big corn
known.
leaves,

shape of the aforesaid banana, and tied up at both Then a man stands on the corner ends.
rolled into the

which are

284
He

A Man
as

Adrift

late at night to sell

them to the rounders. them steaming in a big tin keeps
just

boiler,

they do

Indian

corn

in

New

York.

You

give him a dime, and
fork.
;

he hands you out a tamale on a

You grab

the tamale off the

fork

you

strip off its leaves,

and commence

to en-

joy yourself, thinking the while that there is some good after all in the skill and intelligence of man.

The effect
It

of the tamale

on one

is

great.

warms you up from
going

top to toe like

good old wine, feeds you,
feel that things are

and makes you
well

optimistic, generally. forget your radical, destructive ideas, and begin to think kindly even of old time,

You become

moss-covered

institutions.

I

have seen
York,
but

and eaten

tamales in

New

they are no more to be compared with the Los Angeles - - or angel tamales than well, words fail to tell the difference.

In this town you get good wine at a low Of course, the wine hasn't got the price.
ancient and hoary pedigree of a wine of Southern France, but then I need hardly

Lounging through Sunshine 285
faked-up wine with an alleged ancient pedigree of the hoary and that also the order, possesses
point out
that

bad,

additional

merit of
is

being tremendously

expensive, able thing
against.

desirhardly the most in the world to stack up

do towhisper softly what you can put off till to-morrow." I day can well understand how the older inhabit:

seems

gets into the knack of using up a great deal of time in the doing of nothing. The very air " to Never

After awhile here one

ants have attained to such a degree of skill " in the subtle art of killing time. Hurry

a phrase which has lost its meaning for them. They are the masters of time
up,"
is

instead of being

its

slaves.

This

is

all

wrong, from a New York or London But then it is comfortable standpoint.

and comfort
all.

isn't

such a bad thing after

know people who have from the Eastern States by just got the way they bustle round trying to do
It
is

easy to
in

four things

at

once.

But

in

time they

286
become

A Man
wise,

Adrift
calm

and

down.

The

climate soothes them.

people plant orange trees in their gardens, and the effect of the bright

The

green leaves and
beautiful.

full

golden

fruit is

most

The country round about is most favourable to the cultivation of oranges. You may drive along by orange groves
for miles

and

miles.

guard them. have to do is to stop your horse, get out, and help yourself. The proprietors don't
to

There are no fences Think of it! All you

mind

the fruit

is

so plentiful.

During

the picking season the tramps come down from San Francisco to help to gather in Their pay is a dollar a day the crop.

and

their

board.

For
in

once
to

they

for-

swear
the

their

allegiance

the

god

of

Rest, and indulge
toil
is

a

little

toil.

But
it

light,

and they go about

gently.

Tough-looking specimens of the genus homo are these tramps. But they are all
healthy and vigorous of look, and
faces are thoughtful of expression.
their

Like

Lounging through Sunshine 287
the

Hindu

philosophers, they

are

much

leisure
selves.

given to introspection. They have the to discover themselves to them-

The

climate

is

also

favourable

to

their

intellectual

development.
East,

They
in

come here from the
winter things
unfreshing, in love with
enthralled.
in

where
are

the

general

cold

and
fall

and
the

immediately
country.
bless

they

They
for

are

They
become

God

having
ardent

made such a
and
land
I

beautiful, easy-to-loaf-in land,

they

sincere

and

patriots
till

who

are willing to stay with that

death.
like to

would
in
is

say a word as to the has come to the consustained

tramp

America.
a

He
work

man who
hard,
for his

clusion
is

that

labouring
health.
;

general little of it now and then is all right but at it for a month or a year is not to keep
to

bad

A

be thought

of.

Reasoning thus, he becomes a tramp. He goes from place to place, from spot
to spot.
for

Gradually he develops his

gift
full-

thinking.

He

becomes

a

288
fledged

A Man

Adrift

philosopher upon the subject of

work.

Don't run away with the idea that our tramp walks very much. Don't imagine that hour after hour he is climbing up
hill

and down

dale.

No, he

is

too clever
is

for that.

And

besides,

America
in

a big,

It abounds wide country. prairies and chains of lofty

immense

mountains.

Walking
toil.

it

would smack of the nature of
rides.

No, our tramp

He
his

presses the

railway companies takes advantage of
civilisation.

into

service.

He
of

the

resources
is

At bottom he
of
persons.
is

really

the

most
this.

civilised

Don't forget
without

He

a

voluptuary

income.

Also he has a certain sense of honesty. He is too honest to rob any poor man
out of a day's work.
perish.

He

would rather

not particular as to his accommodation when he is taking a ride on a
is

He

train.

He

doesn't

want something

for

nothing, and that something of the very

And when the brakesman tells him to get off he does stops. cusses what they say and what they don't politics. rara avis an uncritical deadhead. . He will take his ride on the cow-catcher of the engine. in under the Or he will ride in engine on the trucks.Lounging through Sunshine 289 He is that best. he takes an intense picks up old. He would like to see America foreign prosperous countries. In common with all men who have nothing whatever to do with the governing of the State. and disthrown-away papers. He No a gallery doesn't cry out for a stall. if needs must. of the tariff. or. as people usually do. the negro question. and He respected thinks the by Government ought to build more ships and increase . He is not particular. interest in He say in with his in fellow interested the He is tramps. a box-car or on the bumpers. reads them. seat will do. But he gets when the train on again when the train starts. or on the front of the blindbaggage. workings in the Chinese question.

live well. They do the only very much the fine They down to to excel in art of settle things. the strength He is not. very strong on the rights of the working always man. sitting is thing does. The who talk a lot about nothing. The working man is striking or growling about the of labour. and. tie is sioners who go abroad there He feels a strong himself. at the also thinks same do nothing. time. He soon resumes . He approvingly of the Commisto settle things. what more the point. however. for deep continuous thought has shown him that in the nature of things labour can have no rights. Either a man must work and shut up about must avoid working altogether.2 go A Man of the Adrift Army. But this weakness doesn't last long. or he people who win the tramp's admiration are the Senators and Congressmen. they make it pay- Occasionally the tramp becomes weak enough to do some work. This doesn't appeal to rights the tramp. And. it. between these people and he same better.

the tramp develops into a skilful and expert beggar. They are rare. It know what stranger As he goes along the at a glance the giving type of man for. usually of a light and pleasant nature. The season lasts six weeks. he must be able to single out . with the privilege of sleeping in the barn in the hay. however. Some people may think that there is no art in begging. Peach-picking is what he favours most. The work. " He is can will at house where he A hand-out" its get a a parcel of food." derives name from being handed out through a half-opened door. He gets something a day and his board. Yes. existence .Lounging through Sunshine 291 his is wonted vigour. is easy and healthy and shady. there are really in men who like to give money to anyone who asks for it. much mistaken. The is tramp's real means of tell livelihood begging. which a glance a "hand-out. but they do they are takes a clever man to if to ask for street money. and the peaches are delicious of aroma This work and taste. as the tramp will inform you.

Behind it. To do requires genius. But let us go back to the land of sun- shine : San Diego lies to the south of Los Angeles. and is quite close to the frontier Mexico and the United line between six or eight miles from it. bracing and soft. temperature is pretty nearly the same all the year round between seventy-five and eighty degrees Fahrenheit. the wealthiest of travellers Only may put up The only gazed at it. stand great mountains. some States The Here the climate is perfection. and this he be mood.292 A Man he has money in the right Adrift The thing is to be but they do exist. and well appointed. able to single out this man. I hotel. who travel to it from Its air is at once all parts of the world. On Coronado it stretches the ocean. an immense there. in the Before distance. It is a fine place for invalids. and then to know if if in his pocket. Beach stands a the little way from the town It is Coronado Hotel. older part of this town which was .

Lounging through Sunshine 293 built by the Mexicans. The women early. and often are Here live the Mexiquaintly beautiful. she magnetic. and finely formed. The houses is very picturesque. It here so cool and green and beautiful. often are beautiful. From They them along were The way road to was the over side a of stage built a through the here is wild and grand. flashing of eye. six miles away.five. I went to see the Big Trees. can part of the population. and Indian blood in their veins. and running up straight . The scenery And gloriously The magnificence of the trees is hardly to be described. great gorge which cuts mountains. are of adobe. This is another little gem is of a town on the southern coast. but they age They are old at twenty . I remember the morning I first lounged into beautiful indeed Santa Cruz. They have coppery-coloured. and black They have a mixture of Spanish eyes. They are stupendous immense of girth. coloured. When is a Mexican woman is beautiful. swarthy faces.

294 for A. At point the waves thunder in with great because of a reef that lies force. these waves miles away. built right It also is this on the edge of the ocean. There a little town not very far from here called San Bueneventura. or Americanos. You feel so all puny standing by the silent side of a tremendous Titan that has lived through the is centuries. Adrift hundreds of One of them has a great hole cut through the base of its trunk through which the' stage . There is nothing like where all is it along the whole coast of California. You can hear the roar of In the town. a superstition conThey say that God has caused cerning it. wild storm. size. calm and clear and bright. has an odd effect.coach This will give some idea of their passes. vastness. as of a constant. this roaring. Two hundred years ago the Jesuits built . the waves to thunder there in wrath The Mexicans have because of the desecration of their land by the Gringos. some distance out. Man feet. They are The effect is nearly of the same awesome.

is the It has been burnsanctuary light. and slow. a flame and blue and Before the altar the Virgin stands. it the Jesuits converted and baptized Indians after the the Spaniards had the crushed them into subjection. is all Not once has small through these two hundred out.Lounging through Sunshine 295 in this It is is town a church. Typical never-dying persistence of the Jesuit. . long and low. the it priests thought roof of rafted. and In surmounted by a great wooden cross. of the indomitableness. ing there years. Some of the larger houses have curious inner courtyards. simple altar a light burns. roofed over with glass. which is there still. this is the most Mexican in appearance of all the towns in Southern California. her arms she holds the Babe. Before It the small. soldiers When had subjected the body. it been It steady. In San Luis Obispo is about twenty miles I think inland from San Bueneventura. The well to subject the soul. the church is low and heavily rude wooden benches wheresat are still The on the Indians there. and dark-looking.

The ease with which the Spaniards conquered the Aztecs was due to the fact that they believed the white men to be the sons of their god. When thought the So goes the old legend. man who Quetzalcoatl was really a dwelt with the Aztecs. He taught them useful arts. was only when the white men had committed unheard-of atrocities and treacheries that that the Aztecs thought of trying to repel . and they welcomed them. Quetzalcoatl was a white man probably from Europe. and when he left them he promised to come back again The rememwith a numerous progeny. probably as far back as the birth of Christ. brance of this promise was kept alive by just as the Jews keep alive their belief in the coming of a Messiah. Spaniards came the Aztecs their god had kept his It promise.296 In chat and A Man Adrift them the Mexicans used to sit and smoke cigarettos. tradition. The idea of building these glass-roofed courtyards was in the borrowed long ago from the Aztecs. Quetzalcoatl. whom themselves a mighty and powerful race Cortes conquered.

. But even then the Aztecs were demoralised. fighting They thought they were the against sons of their god.Lounging through Sunshine 297 them.

he was a Slope shy about the all paying of salaries. of this men little I The manager was one of the nicest company have ever met. but for place. it in a most pleasing and him. that his heart was in the right pay out what manager doesn't come in. and round the generally. True. And I must say that when he was telling one on salary day can't A of the wonderful things that would happen in the way of finance the week after he did way.XXL OPERATIC FORAGERS THERE was pany that California Pacific a certain comic opera comused to go on tour through and Oregon. artistic Everyone liked And I have heard people say that they would almost as soon work for him without salary as 298 .

and not often able but this I when once weighed little with me came under the spell of the manager's magnetism. can't say that It my devotion to him was as prostill it nounced as this. I was engaged by first this genial sing small bass in his chorus manager to and to play parts when fifteen called dollars salary was The upon. decrepit. a week. or he would deftly borrow five hundred or a thousand dollars from an almost complete stranger. He described . He was a man with the true impresI ario's gift. After had got back to 'Frisco from having an easy lounge through California. if he were unable to pay their his genius or unable to raise the fare to Then next stand. of course. company had got into a hole that he showed forth in his best form.Operatic Foragers for 299 I some managers with salary. but was when his was pronounced. I the had heard. that ghost to was walk. hotel Say bills. go would bud and blossom forth. to the He would win over the hotel-keeper to let the trunks go.

And when we the month was over the landlord of the hotel where the bulk of us were staying gave a champagne supper to the whole of the never forget that supper. I thought that she must be a very democratic prima donna indeed. I will waiter that she wanted beer instead of champagne." " " After that " lowed Student Boccacio and The Beggar and several other comic operas. but I afterwards found out that the worst is beer better than the best Californian champagne. . We finished with "The Pirates of Pen- zance. Here we I played for a month in the Pavilion. and I was astounded to hear her tell the company. I was sitting next to the prima donna. first opera that " was put on fol- Der Fledermaus." In Los Angeles the ghost walked were paid our wages.300 A Man Adrift the beauties of the country through which his company was to tour in a fine guide- book manner. let me have five We believe was " opened the in 'Los Angeles. and he dollars in advance.

and ammunition. but borrowing money and soothnothing ing the wrath of hotel-keepers. it struck him that company needed a rest. where he closed the season. and he last. was to have the men of the company camp out in the mountains till he could raise enough money to open up the season again. kept it up was a mystery. in the mountains. dis- cussing and wondering what we would have to do next. no other town did we even make The manager was put our expenses. We rifles we had had run out of food. we sat around. . but we had only one decent shot in the crowd. True. His plan. and there was plenty of game around us. to he explained. How he At the however. after breakfast.Operatic Foragers After for in 301 we left Los Angeles we left home. to the necessity of showing forth in his He was doing best form the whole time. So we went out and camped in the Santa Ynez Mountains. Our position was serious. One a scant morning. managed get us to Santa Barbara.

bad The a rest have off. for the pig I referred to was one of a drove of pigs a pig ? I " that belonged to a rancher who allowed them to run in the mountains. a luminous idea suddenly broke in upon me. No ! Such would a thing could not be thought of! It . "Why not kill The suggestion suggested. here we were in the midst of plenty with no hands to grasp it. hit and he had had hundred yards generally. As we were arguing. comparatively food. The way to it lay across a over parts of which a mule could not travel. We trout bad also. was received with horror. barn a lot We were a sad The ing at ladies of the company were stay- a cheap hotel in Santa Barbara. skill we had were in depended fishermen on our as hunters.3oa could A Man hardly Adrift luck. Santa Barbara lay forty miles to the west. with Thus we had come little away Alas. The the neighbouring stream would So simply have nothing to say to us. right on the trail coast.

of course it would be to We and might get shot. least it. thereby running less risk of having any If we were of the rancher's men see us. was without the introduction of a couple of hours' stalking. and. After a little while I could see by their faces that my suggestion had germinated. The only difficulty was the barrier raised up in their minds by . was budding forth vigorously in their minds. and they were bad hunters and one could go right up and interview a pig . most be in likely fate.Operatic Foragers be nothing short of robbery robbery ! ! 303 Daylight pointed out that we might perpetrate the deed at night or at dusk. emphasis upon this point. They were short of food. though for the men around a ranch both in California were apt to believers good marksmen and The thing for quick justice. The seed had fallen on good ground. To be shot would be our . to us to do commit the deed expeditiously at I laid dusk. in fact. But I caught doing rather bad. or at taken to arrested prison Santa Barbara.

shoot bury the offal had a spade. rifle. and ethics soon part company. didn't but afterwards it dawned upon me. and Charlie had a prepare it quickly. and Charlie knelt near five . he said. quite after the stout tenor's fancy. Hunger When dusk came Charlie Johnson and sallied forth. day long we had been thinking of roast pig.304 was soon A Man Adrift But this the sensitiveness of their ethics. If a ranchman heard the shot. and so as to leave no trace. and now was I All coming the beginning of the end. It was standing or six others. who. surmounted by their need. A smallish one. we based our chances of safety upon the probability of his thinking that The principal we were hunting. time his reason for being so particular. needless to say. was stout. tenor of the company. fifty not more than a hundred and I pounds exactly see at the weight. I it. Our plan was to get as close to a pig as possible. had given us a caution as to the size of the pig we were in to select. Soon Charlie and I sighted what we took to be a suitable pig.

and cut we tied its down the limb up the carcase first. took blazed aim. on we had made a bad mistake as to the size. It 305 and away. by one of it forelegs as it lay struggling furiously. deal. By we time night was upon us. and buried it evidences of our deed.Operatic Foragers down when near enough. was then we saw that we than had killed a bigger pig we intended. and were getting nervous. dropped with a bullet I rushed forward. The dusk had fallen upon After we had prepared the us too rapidly. of a small tree. Then we it. There was a this chance any minute of our being fired u . its it behind ear. legs together. It was horribly and knocked soon me but Charlie It about a good finished it with his knife. Plainly. while I had the other end of it my left shoulder. and carried Charlie went with one end of the tree limb on his right shoulder. This we passed through lifted the legs. and its grabbed strong. But the pig was so heavy that we could go no more than a few yards before we had to put it down.

to carry it share the risk. Perhaps more. old numbskulls! man! We are two Here are we taking all the risk in this business while the other fellows are luxuriously waiting in the feast when we arrive. Hardly the best thing for us ! We would never be able to get to camp with our What were we to do? load." mopped said. he " What should we do ? " " Do? to Why.306 ' A Man Adrift And upon or challenged by someone. Nobody seemed feast to like the idea. If go back camp. but the getting The stout tenor was . camp to begin They take no much of it as we "You're Charlie right. bothered them. and make in turn. We stated the case to them as they stood around the There were a great many blank fire. looks. but they will eat as shall. The of it was all right. The moon was also coming up clear and strong." hands help they eat. let us leave the pig here. Suddenly I said to Charlie : "Look here. his forehead. our camp was nearly a mile away. they must all So back to camp we went." risk.

so that 307 His idea had been carry shot. prying ranchman had been around. So we all left At logic of camp in a body. And then we had a feast! . No accident had occurred. it it to camp ourselves. for us to kill a small pig. In about an hour's time we were back with the pig. As serene as the No moon ! Soon a delicious odour was arising. He had foreseen what would happen a big one. but forcible things to him. we might If we were if wouldn't have been his funeral. last the we killed hunger proved to them that the right thing to do was to come and take their chance. The I stout tenor said a few wanted to stay behind. Everything had been serene.Operatic Foragers especially indignant.

308 . if owned I had picked up somewhat. along with others. were marching on to the stage as it. member on one occasion having the riders I re- felicity of standing quite near to the divine Sarah in the right second entrance. I was dressed up as a slave. a night for sup" Theodora. and I." her in porting played slaves and nobles and gladiators and circus- We and other things Roman. got the princely allowance of fifty cents. She played a season at the Baldwin Theatre. and was getting ready to follow some Roman nobles who they looked quite critically at the great actress to see if she were as thin as She was not. I suppose she report said. HOW I I "RAN PROPS" I WHILST was in 'Frisco had the honour of suping with Sarah Bernhardt.XXII.

I had no money." while on the other side announced as the " Celebrated Bari- tone. for he had come to the conclusion that he was great. This is a conclusion that all engaged play heavy and such like. at once to When by a left - was actor third rate business for him villains." Here I I sang I for a month. They were rather way of ad- me for here in the gramme was I on one side of the prowas announced as the " CeleI brated Tenor. Street. actors arrive at. Soon after this I got an engagement to sing ballads in the Eureka Music Hall on Kearney generous to vertisement. As he deftly .How I " Ran Props I ' 309 from This was after had got to 'Frisco touring through California with the opera company. Thus I had to take on suping. He had the keenest sense of self-value I have ever met in anyone. This actor wanted to star through the country. for the genial manager had told me in his most tactful manner that he would pay me what he owed me when things looked up a little. this actor. He was rather a character.

the melodramatic actor. looked the part of a villain.310 chance I'll A Man it : Adrift " If I and pointedly put only get a paralyse the earth." I With sorrow that I am compelled to state did not suit the actor's requirements. be heard outside the theatre. well. was known as the scene-chewing type of actor. of the ship had not yet got out of my to I gait. above have lost a steady and commanding walk. I was luckier with Jim Wessels. but because I had good loud voice. The man who had been playing the part was most artistic in his make-up and conception of the charbut his voice could hardly be heard At a pinch I could past the footlights. He gave went in for producing unsubtle. . he averred. Alas. and though acter. but to. He a me I not because a part in " The Danites. And villain had. Whenever Jim He was what spoke the scenes trembled." could act. the engagement. broad effects. I and it I read my lines like one. I was my walk he objected sailor. However. roll still had the walk of a a stage The all.

I shouted back at him. Why didn't the first Gore give us the cue?" Galassi was a . had with him Scalchi. In as far as the chorus was concerned. paid nothing for the rehearsals. and the result was that We not one of us opened our mouths to sing." was a fiasco opera. We for the chorus singers had to rehearse a month before the operas were actually put on. Baldini. and other artistes. The the opening chorus Gore did not give us the sign to attack. The next thing I did was to sing chorus in the Grand Opera House on Mission Campanini came to San Francisco He to put on a series of grand operas. Antonio Galassi. we were first We were " Rigoletto. Repetto. looked like dummies neither useful nor ornamental. Street. for nearly all hard up. When the curtain went down on to us fiercely act Galassi turned round and shouted.How I I " Ran Props' bad as an actor I 311 was was atrociously given the part to play. the conductor from La Scala. and this was a trying time for us. " What for you " no cantante ? As his eye seemed to meet " mine. including Gore.

312

A Man

Adrift
if

towering big man, and he looked as were going to come for me.
It

he

turned out afterwards that Gore

for-

got himself, and thought he was conducting at

La

Scala.

We were told

that there

a conductor never gives the sign to the chorus to attack. They are supposed to know when to come in themselves. This
plan, of course,
is all

right

when

the chorus

has had a sufficient number of rehearsals.
All
I

got out of this engagement was
this

fifteen dollars.

About
lost for

time the climate of California
rare

and subtle beauty. I But how? I longed to go Eastward. was thirty-six hundred miles away from
its

me

New
left

York.

And
for

big obstacles met

me

at

every point,
It

'Frisco for

very few companies that New York ever wanted

people. fate to

looked as though it were my become a permanent Californian, when an engagement was offered me. It

was

to sing in a quartette at the Alcazar Theatre, where Ned Harrigan, a famous

exponent of character comedy, had just arrived from New York to put on his own

How
pieces.

I

cc

Ran Props
singers,

*

313
I

He
his

wanted

and

was

engaged.

During
lasted

stay

in

the

town,

which

eight weeks, he took a liking to

me, and his manager intimated to me that I could go with the company, if I wished,
as Harrigan was going to play his across the Continent to New York.
thrill

way

A
!

of delight suffused me. But, alas there was a codicil, so to speak, to the
contract.
It

was

this:
I

props." notion of what running props meant, but an instinct told me that it was something

At

that time

I had to "run had only a vague

with very little of a soft snap in it. My ardour was dampened considerably, but I

had had a

surfeit

of the gilded climate,
to accept this iron-

and therefore decided
clad engagement.

had only known then what knew afterwards, I would have stayed
Oh,
if I

I

in

California

till

me

with

gilt

the golden sun had covered before I would have taken

such an engagement. It was only by a miracle that I ever got to New York.

A

hundred times

I

was on the point of

leav-

314
ing,

A Man

Adrift

owing

to the nature of

my

work.

It

was, indeed, an unthankful, an ungrateful, and a tough task. I became everyone's
bitter foe.

Fellows

who hobnobbed

with

me, and who drank

now looked upon
enemy.

my beer in 'Frisco, me as their natural

The company
people, and

in addition to
I

consisted of twenty -six my duties as a
to look after all the

property-man,

had

baggage and scenery, for we carried no We would get into a town, carpenters.
say, at ten o'clock in the morning.

The

who, by the way, was a very good fellow named Charles and I would go together and get a stiff drink to

stage-manager

prepare us for the day's ordeal, while the
star

would immediately hie him to the

hotel to sleep.

The

rest of the

company

would either follow his example, or stand around on the principal street mashing the Of course, as Charles and I were girls.
but human,

we

time they had

naturally envied the easy compared to ours, and, as

they invariably grumbled at us in the night time when we were running the scenes

How

I

'Ran Props'

315

and properties of the performance, we anathematised them roundly over our fraAfter we had quenched ternal drinks.
our thirst and eased our feelings, we would go to the theatre, or rather hall, where I

would interview the property-man, while
the

indomitable Charles interviewed the
or
carpenter,

proprietor

or

whatever he
to use that

was, about the scenes
night.

we had

After Charles had seen that sapient individual, he would mark off the dressing-

rooms.
party whom usually a man or boy other business, and

The

I

interviewed was

who worked at some who got off on that

particular
properties.

day to help
It is

me

to

get

the

needless to say that his

lack

of

theatrical
try to

knowledge would fill
for

concerning
libraries.

things

He

would

make up
list
!

for this lack

enthusiasm

the stage.

I

by boundless would give

him a
but,

alas

of the indispensable properties, not more than half of them

showed up when the shades of night fell, and I alone had to bear the brunt of the star's fury when he found them missing.

316

A Man

Adrift
I

had got through our interviewing we would go out and get a little more courage, and await developments.
of the

After Charles and

They would come in the shape gentry we had just interviewed.
us to treat them.
I

They expected

need

hardly say management never allowed us treating expenses. In time night would come, and then
that

the

would

come

our

sorrows.

The

first

grumble would be about dressing-rooms, and I don't wonder at it, for the noble
knights of the sock and buskin had had such an easy time during the day that dressing in those stuffy little rooms injured
their feelings.

Where
I

they
in

made

the mis-

take

to

my mind

was

imagining that
little

Charles and

were magicians who could,

by some

occult power, transform the

holes into large, commodious, airy spaces, where they could keep up in a fitting

manner the atmosphere of luxurious ease in which they had revelled during the day. However, I must say that we would meet their disapproval with a vast amount of
stoicism.

In

fact,

we would make

little

How
forcible

I

" Ran Props'
it.

1

317

remarks to them that were calcu-

lated to heighten Then the star

would begin,
his

but, to tell

the

starship was less of a grumbler than any of them, for he

honest truth,

only grumbled from an artistic standpoint. He would stand in the entrance during a

performance and upbraid me in scathing terms for my dilatory and stupid ways. He

would analyse and expound the value of properties to actors and the acting art.

would say that I killed his piece in fact, he would show up my shortcomings in a vivid and He powerful manner.
;

He

played the part of on
his
It

old,

rum-soaked
it

bum
well.

own

creation

and he played

was wonderful

to see the

way
left

in

which

he would arise from his bumliness and

denounce

the stage for not having his hand-props in the right

me

the

moment he

place.

One
and

night, in St Paul,

Minnesota, the
"

star discharged
telling

me

for

missing "crashes,"

him

to retire to the
I

Cimmerian
classicise

depths

of

Hades."
it

didn't

the phrase, but gave

out to him in strong

318
Saxon.
I

A Man

Adrift
to

was beginning

be tired of

the whole business.
iron for ever.

A

man

can't hold hot

But the manager interposed
in

and

it

ended
all

my being forgiven after

the

show.

But

things have an end, and after
and,
in
I
I

many

trials, tribulations,
I

vituperations,

arrived

New

might add, York.
to the

My

ideal

was

realised.

had got

cold,

muggy

East.

people who of the The atmosphere seems charged with something that no one shall define. THE BOWERY THE Bowery is the main artery of the east side of New York.- The difference will in the fact that here you find a suggestion of blending. There is a differgamin terrible to ence. a feverish activity everywhere. subtle. It is the doomed the breathing promenade spot for those that live in the gloom. Along it move the dwell in poverty. but distinct. You is There will find cosmopolitanism. between the crowd that moves along the Bowery and the crowds that move along like places in Old World great lies cities. The people possess a grim sense of humour. of fraternisation of race. .XXIII. but it is the humour of recklessness that humour that has moved the Paris make history.

though hard. contempt for the liberty of the pedestrian that belongs peculiarly to the American policeman. The elevated trains rush and puff horses stumble and clatter carts . stalks along swing- Here the policeman ing his club. A black-eyed. crunch and rumble along. the He has been known to men money wherewith to get hard-up after all.320 You of A Man Adrift are behind the scenes in the theatre New World civilisation. is nicely fully. . He is monarch of all he He has the rajah of the street. The shriek of the locomotive and the jangle of horse-car bells mingle. As a rule he is is an offensive skilled in the blackguard and bully who fine art of levying blackmail. polished. He is the ornament of Bowery. sinewy Italian presides . the street torn up for repairs. Drivers swear. His buttons shine beautiHis club. Here Refuse barrels is stand on corners. been known to club people into insensisurveys bility and afterwards arrest them for He possesses the obstructing his club. But he is human give food and shelter.

of the long ago are awakening within him. The girl's eyes down. perhaps. not sing at all. while Johnnie presses . dozing. Sliced pineapples. oranges. who on other nights could listening. in a doorway. he is humming softly an aria from "II " He is in the Scala of Milan Trovatore ! to Pifferini or Camwho on some nights sang Pifferini. dollars a and Mamie factory. as tender expression is softening the lines of his bronzed face. cover his stall. pears and fruits of all kinds fortune in the Cosmopolis. Mamie works a cigar Neither of them has ever lived outside the East Side of New York.The Bowery over a fruit-stand. Memories. perhaps. Here Johnnie is is a picture that to is beautiful. panini like an angel. in making Johnnie ten love Mamie an week. His is shirt is open because of the heat. This may are cast shyly be seen at a glance. A dreaming. Let us draw near ! Ah. and he the life whirls by. 321 The land of the glorious sun and the sparkling waters he has left He is seeking his for ever behind. drives express waggon for well.

Heedless are they of the people passing crowd who stare at them. fall. She has a handkerchief tied around her head. Look at the Irishwoman with the basket. Shrewd bargaining and close figuring are the only methods by which she can make ends meet. Again. closely after the necessary to look pennies. in the There saunters the working man. Pat it is . he can marry her next because he They are expects a rise in his salary. and a look of shrewd She might have bargaining is in her face. drinking the first delicious draughts of love. Adrift perhaps. that and tells her.322 close A Man up to her. When one has four or five little children at home. but you can tell what he is at a glance. The weary look in the face it and the droop of the shoulders speak more plainly than words. and a husband who earns but a dollar and a quarter a day. who labours many hours a day so that he may eat bread. dropped here from Galway. He wears a starched shirt and a neat suit of clothes. is She store walking along the Bowery to the where she gets her provisions for her family.

fine His heelers get in his This is the man smiles. Also. he is apt to be fired from his job. He knows as much about our present social system as Herbert Spencer and all the thinkers and writers upon sociology put together. he is good that things go his way. and his taste in dress is loud. he needs ten cents for his growler of beer every night. pockets are with money. He possesses magnetism enough successful bunco-steerer. A his diamond from his shirt front. discussed. He is jolly looking of face girth. Up comes the ward politician. way to catch his who will tell you that money talks.The Bowery receives no 323 contractor wages if from the when he has the rain. His of needn't being be a upon it for his method has the merit So simple that it simple. to stop And work on account of he doesn't work harder than the Italian alongside of him. for he revels in the fat of the land. if down own in a way. is. His smile flashes filled is and big and knowing and tight of satisfied. He gets stands the above system and benefit. to become either a . fellow Still.

is pay him is His especial virtue In that he always buys the drinks. and other things too numerous to mention. kerchiefs. who is eloquent in Politics. cheap jewellery. a Jew who a descendant of a black sheep of one of the Lost Tribes of Israel or he may be a ward politician whose magnetism has gone back on him. suspender. of the They are selling laces. Adrift or an after-dinner orator the interests of trusts. Wondrous bargains may be procured for a nothing. His home He may in has descended divinely subtle is is wherever he hangs be a wily Greek who a direct line from the . and who is certainly descended from an Irish king. his hat. he like the passing crowd. this the chief secret of his simple method of running the affairs of this great city. So says In the faker.324 A Man better. They thrust the articles towards you as you pass. however. hail where does he all spots. from is ? And the faker He hails from fact. handuseful. the though modest. fact. Socrates he may be . . Fakers stand on the corners streets.

In them you may So ****** life goes on I in the Bowery. desolate I air. where you can see everything from a mammoth to a protoplasm on payment of ten cents. I had no talent in that used to cook for myself I in I the garret to where lived. I had left the stage long ago. brilliant fronts of the sit and gaze while the blood-and-thunder drama cheap theatres. And the gaudy. I Bowery and think over room lay in in had a house the top of an just off in old it.The Bowery Here are 325 the dime museums. Its air of blatant. re- cognised that direction. unrolls itself. I was getting tired of America. a street This times. Whenever managed get a little money I would lay in a stock of provisions at the delicatessen shop across the road. sham democracy disgusted me. When labouring men were struggling . house had been built colonial and about I it was an odd. At small that night used to wander along the things.

people to get a year's for imprisonment that in New York they might" say with impunity in Hyde Park in London. I was beginning I again to England. And. place long to go back After all. In fact. If any American exception to this statement I can only ask him if he has forgotten the affair at Homestead. is I were giving forth saying that to live in.326 crushed A Man down by Adrift were shot and for the right to live they the military with more mercilessness and for less provocation than they would be under the most despotic and ruthless Government in Europe. I . the English policeman would not saying things allow them to be interrupted while they their ideas. it was the to had come from. of a perfect place course. above all. that England is a freer and more democratic country than is America. But I do from personal and absolute knowledge. would be nonsense. and takes the hideous travesty of justice concerning the alleged Anarchists in Chicago. am not England That. say. and I have known other like instances.

I found there were other sailors beside myself in the steerage. the air of the steerage became bad because of the impossibility of opening up Thus hatchways and port-holes. ally They brought me into touch One of them especicharacter.The Bowery longed to go to London. for we had heavy weather crossing the Atlantic. but not care for the idea. They were a jolly lot of lads. and their idea was to go to Liverpool so that they ship to Australia. was a most interesting for He had followed the sea twenty years. and I was glad to be could with them. somehow I did So I managed to * get myself a steerage ticket. I could easily have managed to go to my luck there. They were the crews of three sailing ships. and necessarily the steerage passengers were kept* below. and . I 327 to try wanted idea of being in the world's great town fascinated me. with the old times. * * * I * was sorry afterwards that I had not gone as a sailor. They had been paid off in New York. The England as a sailor.

own name admiringly. person he was well face. and plastered it up. He in was well able and dance. I was glad to see . and put Myles' name first writing of this bother to me. because of the rolling of the ship. and he from Liverpool. causes When we voyage I were near the end of the on got up a concert. When it was finished Myles The programme.328 knew A Man Adrift of hardly anything save ports and the ways of ships and grog-shops. seeing it in I the was it. this. looked at his and Liverpool was coming up After years had passed distance. again. The of sailors looking out and the continual watching blue. and built of frame. hailed ideal He the was the English type that Marry at to sing immortalized. At last we were running up the Mersey. sailor. programme was a great the got some mustard from the steward and Then he stood off. His name was Myles Hand. are always well opened. I had put him down for a baritone solo. good looking of and had The eyes well-opened eyes.

The Bowery 329 even though I was poor as when I left had gathered nothing but experiI it. . ence. And the next day I started for London.

louring and waving and moving Formless. 330 . unite. chang- weaving. Here is mystery. NO PLACE TO SLEEP of THE hour at midnight alive tolls out and It London becomes strange and quiet becomes is once its and dead. London of torted the shadow. the past and present. In the waters of the old river are re- flections of a strange mingling with shadows unspeakable. And soon there Gigantic. and glorious beauty foul. and For- Terrifying shadows. . black. bidding. nothing left but shadows. and dim light Everything vague. uncertain. Nameless shadows of weird shadows. Monstrous. ing. disblackness is into frightful shapes. London. Silence.XXIV. and elusive. The people leave streets.

deserted as city some mighty. of breaks forth. that has Sweeping goes the tone of the great bell over hovel and palace over the black sullen waters nificence over destitution and magthe poor miserables and misery. shudder. if you were in some vast. marking Mighty is the tone.No Here is Place to Sleep 331 darkness and sadness and the unknown. colonised. ghost-haunted labyrinth. Boom The great ! bell the hour of one. voices the genius of the great English nation that dominant genius that has crushed and spread itself wherever wind blows or water dashes. It startles night have no place to sleep. London in shadow. And you walk on on your footsteps is It sounding lone and strange. They are poor human shadows. full It menace and sullen power. are adrift. They . They sit up on the benches who toThose who They is where of they have been lying. The great brazen tone full menace for them.

turn up from the river and walk towards the Strand. shadow of the Sphinx. There' is no one to give them warmth or food or love. Two! And you The bell has broken forth. They are lost. There is no one to give help them. They are ghosts There is no one to of wrecked lives. They are but shadows. In the is filled of humans. in Why have they to starve and shiver the midst of plenty ? Over yonder is a palace wherein a thousand such as these might be church shelter housed. sinister shadow of the town. them shelter. How daytime tide quiet it it is. ! is a mark you might be wherein What would Christ say to this? But Christ is dead.332 A Man Adrift come from out of the great black. ! Over yonder a church had. with an ever-flowing They rush and hurry . And you in think that if Christ lived now and the this Christian lying civilisation He would mayhap be yonder starved Yonder under hungry and cold. this Strand.

Here is luxury and comFood in plenty is here. you How fort cold everything is! How cold is human on nature. strange shadows. But meanwhile shadows. You houses are where people are resting comfortably in But there is no bed for you. How light. of It is dominion to the shadows. Nothing to be heard but your own footfalls. You go back to the river. all sides. and cabs and carts clatter. Horses. to On sleep all sides hard. Place to Sleep 333 and lounge and idle along. weaving. wander through the streets aimlessly. but you may not touch Warmth is . it And you will stop Soon it be Soon are will be day. Shadows. So bed.No along. old river. it. is But now under the is the Strand dead. ****** Working be in a great in the loom af To town at night is and to have no place look around. The and dark. and rumble along. crunch. vans. fate Monstrous. is No one be seen. black are the think. There is hurry and bustle and excitement. changing.

And you begin to think and to wish many it strange things. Move Perhaps you will enough to ask a passer-by for alms. But you must go Like one who is doomed because you are or damned. You are an outcast. you think. So you move And your life will arise before you. A Man Rest is Adrift here. It is better for you not to do so. may will not sit long. matters not if you be the dullest clod. You will think of your future. Perhaps you but you will sit down on a for bench. And you may on. for the chance of your getting anysmall. howthing is Where? summon up courage ever. Aye. The to policeman come and order you on! move on. For suffering and loneliness breed thought. on. guilty of that crime of crimes poverty. be given in charge. but you will not think of your future long for the present is too real and pressing. Ever on. . You will think of the good times you have had.334 here.

it Time has for you a significance It will never had be all right in a hundred years from now. You a man then as a king. and will not will You care. You . count for as much. You should have for being struck down. You doesn't help you are here in the dark streets. but you stop. till But what a long time then! . had no right to back that fellow's bill or you had no right to leave that job beor you cause the foreman bullied you . It and no one cares whether you die. be dead then. you think. ing in What ? is the use of think- this strain one bit. is all your always one's own fault own when It luck goes It is always one's own fault against one. will will You be fine have plenty of rest. been strong enough to stand up. will be as will You really A hundred years from now. You should have done such and such a thing at such and such a time. bells ring out the hours. live or The before. You allowed to sleep.No Of course is Place to Sleep it 335 fault.

What would she say if she saw you in this plight ? Why. not.336 And by the it A Man may be palace where fine Adrift you will that wander lives the Queen. when you have no woman a woman who loved will arise before you you in the old days. She would take you unkempt and begrimed She would kiss you. but surely Philosophers don't know everything. and make you feel a to her arms. when you have bright feet. that there after is is a differ- ence in human blood all? Philo- sophers say that there there must be. Can it How ! ! be. and a wine. you will think. ! Dear. fire is all very well a good cigar. sleep. and grand is this palace how Herein a spacious must be the rooms thousand like you might sleep. and cheer you up. though you are. before which to thrust your Their logic But it counts for nothing when you place to are hungry. sweet love of the fine old days But she is dead. man again. her it And may be that the face of a dear heart would break. .

these people talk. cold though their voices are. are the only friends you have. well-off people talk feelingly hardships of the poor. for at it has my wander through a great city money to pay for a bed. is without he has experienced of the have heard have sympathetic. that dead of night because I had no And it I I assert no man knows what it. I heard them in drawing-rooms.No And to Place to Sleep 337 the so you go on and on. they are not really sympathetic with the poor. And of all things misfortune loves impartiality. and listen bells as they strike the hours. real If sympathy with the poor There is something in class you are a tramp and a gaol- . Yes. They only think they are. It is a finer Dear been old bells lot to ! I love them. No know what they one has any but the poor. They are impartial. thing than sympathy. You are the same to them as any other man. for they do not They blame you for being unfortunate as man blames you. but they don't And are talking about. they pay no heed. No. after all.

but their dogs and slaves elegant way. after all. people are on the whole more intelligent than literate people because they are brought more of life. Yesun ful the thing. nise class They won't patro you and hurt your is feelings. fortunate people don't realize to the the degradation of their lives. the poor homeless the streets at night is man who walks forced to think.338 bird. it Keep to your class. Sometimes is said that low-down. is they know they are not what is called an way. and the foul alley. And. This realize is a lie. These poor people do their degradation. and the gutter. it A Man is Adrift better for you to chum in wit> tramps and gaol-birds. in touch with the iron facts Yes. one way of saying the same thing is much the same as another way. There isn't as big a difference between is illiterate and literate people as Illiterate generally supposed. even . and the gaol. It is not a drawing-room the way that smacks of the It is slum. They realize that they are dogs way of saying that and slaves.

I. is in And the proof of the pudding the eating. Yes.No if Place to Sleep clod. there an excellent reason for their not helping the destitute. 339 he be ever such a to forced think hard. spotless reputation. man may not have a satishe may be a criminal factory pedigree he may be undeserving he may be just . The . a hair's-breadth beyond their alleged scope of action. and apply to relief hungry and one of them for will from misery they I do nothing for you. And he is And he knows more about what walking the streets means than even the most sympathetic upholder of charitable organisations. . Of there course. he may not possess a Again. A word as are to charitable organisations. a cold If you are homeless. have found them They to be no good. just as is an excellent reason destitute for everything. At least. This statement is sweeping but listen to fact. To get help from a . have applied to them. I assert that they are no good. no good. who have had need of them. for I know what is I am talking about.

you must be able to fast and do without sleep for a month after your application. Even though you he'll almost sure that it. and -worthy. And. if a man ever asks you for four- pence for his night's lodging. Still. steer clear of you are ever . destitute. they will than the worth of it out of you. he is dirty . and give take more It is much better for you Embankment. but talk of the cloven I tell you it is as nothing compared with the iron heel of organised charity. above all. give it to feel him with if you can. If The fat salaries for charity organisations provide the officials who run them. and able to stand searching cross-examination. No. What then ? Doesn't the poor chap need a drink to little? cheer him up a See. go and get a drink Supposing he does. it is an ill wind that blows nobody good.340 A Man Adrift you must possess You must be good charitable organisation a spotless reputation. them for if they do take you in you a piece of bread. to go out on the hoof of wicked- They ness.

And you will man. Its great rumble has gone down of the policeman. is at about half-past two in the morning. No a heart. The hardest time of all for a homeless it. Do People often say than any man can get work if he wishes to work. I spare be doing an act of which Christ would have approved. Then everything is dead quiet. going to argue as to why this only state a fact. This is false. He may have been a man who once held a good position. But remember that he has feelings. He is a man who needs him and thou likewise. He is worse off than a homeless one has any use for him. The army of unemployed increases day by I am not day. help. Or he may have but never mind what he was. give the poor fellow fourpence. The tramp . No. who is tramping the dark streets. It is what he is. that he has red blood just like you have.No Place to Sleep 341 and hungry and half-starved and badly clothed. The city sleeps. that he has dog. and give him the price of a drink if you can is. Christ would have helped asked no questions. altogether.

seems to make the loneliness all the more The poor outcast must for the keep out of the policeman's way. . indeed a hard time for the vitality is at its His lowest ebb. Adrift he goes from house to house trying the doors. policeman is his enemy. He must move on. this is is the embodiment of the civilisation. And dawn breaks. even on the pavement. would give his soul to lie down and But he sleep. outcast. The policeman humanity of our Aye. may not do so. He ********* He must move at last on.342 as A Man lonely.

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book is due on the last DATE stamped jfl 50m-6.'67(H2523s8)2373 .THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. This SANTA CRUZ below.

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3 2106 00053 7024 .

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