BARTXENNBDY

Mr.

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252) E- 25: a Street, Fruitvale, Calif.

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SANTA CRUZ

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A MAN ADRIFT .

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STONE CHICAGO & NEW YORK MDCCCC fcf .A MAN ADRIFT Being LEAVES FROM A NOMAD'S PORTFOLIO By BART KENNEDY COMPANY HERBERT S.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED .

TO MY WIFE .

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. VI. AN OYSTER-BOAT . THROUGH THE ROCKIES . IX.. XVII. . X. I? 4O 43 IV. 212 FROM VICTORIA TO NANAIMO . MY FIRST VOYAGE III.. . V. ... XV..119 144 XL NO MONEY XII. . FINDING A SHIP .. FIGHTING A NOR'-WESTER . . I II. VII..152 .. MAXWELL SIMILAKAMEEN 172 19! XIV. AT SHAFT PRISON IQ IO6 . ADRIFT LIFE ON . IN . 8l VIII. . XIII. SHOVELLING 95 . .. THE CHILKATS XVI. 223 WITH THE INDIANS vii 234 .. .CONTENTS PAGE I. 6 77 ON TRAMP BILLY .

... 330 ... 298 308 319 THE BOWERY NO PLACE TO SLEEP XXIV." HOW I "RAN .....viii A NEW PHASE Contents PAGE XVIII. .. THROUGH SUNSHINE FORAGERS PROPS.. LOUNGING XXI.. EARNING THIRTY DOLLARS 262 277 XX. .. . . OPERATIC XXII... XXIII. 245 XIX.

and pleasant and along so beautifully. the would to like to visit. with just a shilling in my I pocket. was young and Here I was in Liverpool the key to the whole world. was The clouds sailed bright. I eager see things.A MAN ADRIFT I. and looking up into them made me think of the strange lands I day. It was in the beginning of January. thousands of them lying in the docks. and occasionally asking to be taken in one of them. I had walked miles and miles that day. though cold. wondering vaguely as to what would do. But the mates shook their heads when I told A . Surely I would find a ship to take me somewhere There were anywhere. looking at them. FINDING A SHIP I WAS in Liverpool.

but before me was it What the big. and that they were going to About them was places a long way off. their sails fit straight masts and their furled looked so and beautiful. They looked tall. held for me I could not tell. still felt that I Some chance or another would go somewould turn up. and I hardly cared. was only a raw in the greenhorn. But I had thought and dreamed of them ever since I was a lad. calm and strange. just like the pictures had of them so my mind. fine.2 them before. A Man that I Adrift never had been to sea They wanted men who knew I the work. I had never seen ships before the morning of that day. and rigging They had a curious air of travel and great distances. and strange. To live is a fine and . mysterious world. something magical. And now in they seemed so I beautiful to me. they said. I was without friends and alone. who would be I way ! But how. You felt that they had come from places a long way off. great desire was to see and feel and experience to meet new My and strange phases.

or to Australia? ship And the sailing over there. where tossed the Phantom Ship the ship on which was laid a curse this When of Judgment. glowing into relief the crossfull Soon the lights. darkness had fully settled life of the river was full of stood charm and mystery. even if 3 you have neither a penny in your pocket nor a home nor It is only the weakling and the friends. The day wore up and throwing ing boats. full of lights slow-moving steamer yonderthat loomed calmly along. and who commanded them ? Might not that big. river was of rushing Whistles I and horns were till watched down. sailing ship got outside into till the Day . Where were the vessels going. swiftly - And odd the red of the sun lay upon the broad Mersey. that was being towed Perhaps it was along by a tug-boat? going round Cape Horn. coward who is afraid of on. life. and what did they hold. be going to the far-away Indies. The and blowing.Finding a Ship brave thing. or around the Cape of Good Hope. or to China.

sleep there that night. At last I turned away and walked tip fuJJ towards the middle of the town. and for threepence I got a big mug of hot coffee and some thick Now I had and for sixpence of it I could ninepence. I That a cheap place to sleep. and in the morning I would still have . During the day I had noticed a lodging-house having a sign slices of bread and butter.4 A Man the Adrift the open water her sails would spread out like the wings of great. As I went noticed a big coffee-house. get a bed that night. great birds. and try and I find a ship. along a street In I walked. ashore and see things that were wonderful and full of a curious beauty. My mind was of these thoughts as I looked out upon the river. in the window which read to the effect that you could get a good bed there for sixI would pence. night and on the morrow I would look around find would again. And winds would carry her along And at last over the great sea-waters. she would come to a port in some bright And the sailors would then go land.

" hesitated a and then I went on with him. if to be half drunk his shoulders His head was sunk down. I'm not going to do anything to you. The man seemed were bent. and I was not afraid of things. a Suddenly. as if reading "Don't be in what was " I my mind. over.Finding a Ship threepence left 5 for breakfast." thought to myself. a voice shouted out." don't see how you was my comment. "Hello!" corner. Come " I want to talk to you. After all I was strong and vigorous. afraid. and uncertain. in Then search I would set out again a ship. . I front of me. I was well able to look out for myself. I wheeled round and looked." he said. I my for I was going along looking for the street wanted the street in which was the It lodging-house. man as was a little hard I was turning to A was standing 1 in along/ said he. find. could." little . his " I gait was slow and could easily knock him I he attempted anything.

" for I have only nine- And will they be sure to find me pence. I There was It something couldn't understand. was the back. paused " But a that isn't the point. How do you know ? to asked. " "You want go to sea!" he said suddenly. a ship?" " " And here's They will." he said. slowly. bleared Not an in it inviting face. We had now come window." I " looked at him in surprise.6 A Man " Neither do I. I can take you to will a boarding-house where they you till they find you a ship. you go aboard a ship. face of a "How I man who holds things do you know?" I asked him " again." he answered. face. saw you down on the docks I saw to-day." He to " I for moment. he with a laugh. and I It was a round eyes. . a halt before a shop looked full into his face." Adrift said. put Because you in the way of it. with big. as he looked me up and down. If you want " I can to go to sea." " I keep " But will they keep me without money ? asked quickly.

and then find him one. outfit. advance note to the boarding-house master. and you don't know If you want to know the the ropes." to said. " Well. you know. It's strange places though. You give this is a few days out at sea. with a laugh. reason of ships it. thing you can do is to come along with me that is." "It isn't so strange as it looks to you. is I will I go a with you." " said the man. do you under- stand?" . that for they keep nothing. Now. it is gets an advance because every man who note for two This note isn't paid till the ship pounds. to get ship. keeps you and finds you an and after you are safely gone he He gets the money." I thought for a I little. But you where a man are green. next to impossible for you to get a ship here in Liverpool without you are taken So the best boarding-house.Finding a Ship 7 It's another thing I have to tell you. " That a why they came have Liverpool thing. if it's a ship you are looking from a after.

was sure of getting away. where my guide re- freshed himself with "three of whisky. stopped. would be on and an outgoing Suddenly the man pointed to a big public-house. I thought. were going back in the direction We of the docks. and we went over to the public-house." . little But I was a who had never been puzzled. as it seemed a reasonable request.8 I A Man did. thought it well not to inquire into things. however. But too closely One must not look a gift-horse in the mouth. I was all was lucky to fall so easily into the right way of things. In that case you might as well treat me for the trouble I'm taking on your account. me I that perhaps sailors were scarce." he said. " Let us go over there and get a drink. and at the I was filled I with joy thought that soon vessel. It Adrift clear enough. Here was all the I trouble taken right off my shoulders." To this I assented. " You tell me you have ninepence. as to why a man to sea before should It struck get an advance of two pounds.

life so far had been most unevent- had been dull and grey. like the town I had come from.Finding a Ship while I 9 took a glass of beer. regulated by the tonnage And on the day of sailing there were usually one or two hands short It was then that the boarding-house master came forward with picked up anyhow. I peaked cap. for myself. The number was of the vessel. The whisky seemed to warm his feelings towards me. and wore a flat. he told me. After we left the the some light into public-house he let mystery of a man to sea before. The last place at which I had worked was a mechanic's shop. men he had Even though the men . and he asked me a lot of questions about But I had little to tell him. being able to get an advance note of two pounds who had never been Ships certain could not leave complement port without a of hands. was just a young workout into the world to man who was going seek his fortune. my ful. I had a woollen scarf round my neck. and I still wore my rust-stained It slop and overalls. greasy.

the mantel. bidding me follow him." again. Murphy looked let Murphy. One " of the men rose up and turned round. with a dark beard and a pale. All right. it. and said. Is Murphy in ?" he asked her. room we entered was rather a large it one. addressing him. We walked across the road to pointing. " at man for you." " me with no particular expression in his eyes. girl let us in without saying a word. He walked to it." said here's a my guide. My " was a " runner for a boarding-house." said the man. My guide left us. hard-looking face. Then he turned towards the fire was a man about fifty. Adrift the law was complied and the ship was free to go. and there were four men in it sitting An oil lamp stood on before a big fire. throwing out a small light. but pointed to a door at the end of a passage. " A " and he gave three knocks on the door. A Man sailors. him sit down. She did not reply. guide We turned down a narrow street which Murphy's boarding-house is over there. ran into the Docks.io were not with. and pushed The open. after shaking hands He .

I n began quietly to study They were evidently in the same circumstances as myself. One would have something like thought that the men were some led out to undergo waiting to be awful experience. It was a strange scene. found men They The surmise was right. And feel subdued. sad expecfor the first time depressed. my I was amongst were not sailors. Was this the right way to go about getting a ship ? it have been better to have kept on asking the mates for a berth myself? All at once Murphy got up and left Wouldn't us without saying a word. travel-pictures in my mind became ! Perhaps. after in trying to had made a mistake go out into the world And doubts began to assail me. were simply working-men who wanted to get out to other parts of the world. and they remained silent.Finding a Ship with me. and the other men. I The dulled. This was the only way they could . And Soon then I we gradually that began to first talk. They were silent when I came in. day I began to all. There was an that air of tancy about them.

of getting work hardly liked the idea of facing He life had heard that that sailoring was a hard else for men were others : often struck and ill-used. Living through the monotonous labour had grind quickened it. A Man for they Adrift had no money. and year after year in the same place and at the same thing is maddenof ing. and brought it to the full in the men with whom I was now talking.12 manage it. One of them. the He ocean. Times were hard but the real reason they were here was because they were impelled to the less move by more or an past. wandering instinct that is strong in every inherited human being far. my . A man either becomes a clod or dangerously began And thoughtful. month after month. to think of the work I when I had been spirits doing for the last four years. instinct from a dim when men wandered over earth dull the face of the as hunters. spoke of the in difficulties England. But there was the nothing it. And talked in a like strain. To work day after day. a young fellow from the country.

but to there were best no of blankets. The night was very cold. I was willing to dare or go through anything. thinking of what might happen on the morrow.Finding a Ship 13 rose again. . And the pictures and dreams of the morning when I was going from ship to ship came back to me. and a two-pound loaf of bread was divided amongst us. we Then we of the day. Murphy came back There were some sacks for filled with straw us to lie on. I was glad to be on the eve of any change. He was this man who waste words. When we came down in the morning got some hot coffee. room where we were to pass the night. after an hour or and showed the four of us up to the so. but I I was hardly minded it much. We had make the it by putting off our coats and covering ourselves up with them as well as we could. however hard it might turn out to be. sat and talked to till the middle At about one did o'clock Murphy came a in and beckoned not me. Things would turn out all right. somehow.

"The to you on. It was a day like the day before bright and clear. There was a sailor's bag lying at the end of the passage. "is going round Callao. couldn't go at "Besides.' much like a Then he obeyed him. there's no sailorising . so that there would be no mistake." said vessel I'm going to put Murphy." Cape Horn He then let me know structed it me I was a steamer. "Off with your slop and overalls. and come " Your outfit's in along. for I had never been to if sea before." I picked and easy to carry. his full name on a piece of paper.14 A Man " Adrift Murphy. We were soon going along the docks. It was very light it up. He came at once to the point. it. You 1 look I mechanic. " Take it." he said. sign as an A. too to motioned for me follow him out." he said again. I told him I didn't like to sign as an able seaman. I But he informed I me that didn't all.B. and he into tell the mate or the the advance note out to purser to make him when gave me He signed as able seaman.

put their bags?" it he But Murphy took calmly. Murphy shipped me. Murphy had gone ashore with the advance notes. before. on the John Gough. in She to made the trip fourteen days. So Murphy and trudged back again to the boarding- house. Such things had been said to him The articles were signed.Finding a Ship to in conclusion. stockily-built man with a his joked Murphy about the dry- land sailors and sent kind of " outfit he them in to sea with. fate was against me. What have you asked. But the next day I was luckier. They had got a When we man I ten minutes before. and was . red face When we were aboard. and I was lined up for muster with the rest of the crew. We were dismissed after I the mate had inspected us. along with two of the others. the bo'sun a across from twelve freight She carried and some passengers. however. 15 be done aboard a steamer." he said got to the steamer. a big steamer bound for Philadelphia.

I had found a ship! . My dream was realised. bewil" That way. you damned Paddy West.1 6 aft A Man for Adrift Both ends to going the fo'castle. but said I nothing. And I was happy." he said. pointing forward. " A " ! sailor stopped me. cared what any of them said to me. of the ship were the same my dered eye. I would soon get to know my way about. I was actually going. Go I on. dryat land sailor looked I him. little Then for walked forward. Greeny.

outfit. MY FIRST VOYAGE WE were running swiftly through the smooth into the river.II. At this time I was standing on the forward deck with the sailors. was no joke as far was concerned. Liverpool was fading off distance. however. We were grouped up in front of the two bo'suns. who were portioning us off into watches. but the thought worked idly through my mind as I turned and looked off over the side of the great vessel. for Murphy had put the outfit he was sending The as I B . He me was the red- man who had joked Murphy about to sea with. again. It fell to my lot to be told off for the first bo'sun's watch faced the port watch. and I was wondering it by what turn of chance I should ever see I had no desire to go back.

What shaking out the notion. Besides. was that the time was I scarcely for objecting. bells in the first (five o'clock in had just gone two the dog-watch when out foresail word came the afternoon) for us to shake the foresail. there that was hardly anything of the was serviceable for the crossing North Atlantic Ocean in midI winter. and then too jumped up into the shrouds. did not know this at the time. as he critically watched me unpacking my bag the fo'castle. but a sailor informed me of it with much scorn and epithet. I paused a little. and was up alongside . meant I had not the faintest But I got ready to do someor other. into cats thing jumped up climbed like couple of sailors the fore -shrouds and A up the I rigging. in it Indeed. was so with the thought of being actually aboard a ship that what he said didn't trouble It me much. I into my bunk but ripe filled I in fascinated with his felt way hardly of putting truths.1 8 A Man oil-skins Adrift neither nor sea-boots into my bag.

and were spreading themselves out on the yard on both sides of the mast. " altogether. up that " as however. Though I had never sea.My them in First Voyage 19 no time. It I was rather unfortunate did. I was a good climber." said to the man I whom I was near This puzzled asked. Where?" He swore. I The now* grasped what was meant. know my did not reply to but stopped where I was and watched. idea was I to loosen the close-furled sail. Quickly got out along the foot-rope with the rest of them. By this time six or seven men had got up." said the alongside me. I when didn't this. Lay out on the yard there. and I saw at a glance that at least there were sure hand-holds and foot-holds about a been to ship. "That thing in your hand." he . Again I was " puzzled. and began to tug at the rope that fastened down the sail to the yard. and asked aloft me what I I meant by coming duty. for it my going <made the think bo'sun and the rest I of the watch knew my work as a sailor. me in the rigging. fellow Pass the gasket.

fry of these was only one of the smaller villainous boarding-masters. name. It seemed that one Paddy West. which had been taken from the him.2O had A Man grin. and then I learned why it was that a man such as myself was called a "Paddy West" sailor. I passed it to the tugging at. And stood on deck with the rest that I of them felt had emerged from my first trial with at least some success. and then It we all got down on deck. Adrift added with a I He meant the rope in been meantime round sail and passed from hand to hand till it had reached me. a boardingmaster. was my as I first I lesson in sailoring. Hence the nickwho had shipped me. of Liveroool. Murphy. At the end of the first dog-watch six o'clock we went into the fo'castle to have supper. But Paddy West had dignified the calling with his . the deck like wax. was notorious for shipping green hands as able seamen. Afterwards I found out that it was most " sailor to go unusual for a " Paddy West Invariably he stuck to up aloft at all.

And there was a good reason for this feeling. . They had to do the work of these useless men. to They only saw and knew of men who had come aboard under false pretences. And they did so. The sailors had not enough sense of the relation of pleasant. exclaimed. I things fault grasp the fact that the real lay with the shipping companies. had filled sent "greenies" to sea with bags with straw for an outfit and so on. One of them shoved me aside when I reached forward to take men some food from the in table. way turned quickly round to him. " ! "Don't get he a sailorman's I roughly.My name. And. First Voyage 21 All sorts of shady and wonderful He stories were current concerning him. as they felt they were wronged. it was only human for them to make it as hot for these as possible. at supper in the fo'castle It I was that began to realise that shipping as an able seaman when you didn't know the work might not turn out to be altogether saw that the regular sailors had a strong animus against the men who did it.

soft bread and butter. and and tea. breathlessly. everybody. Here were men who had been everywhere. but the strangeness of the place and surroundings had a sort of quietening effect on me. Here it was plenty for everybody. for of food on an Atlantic the There was enough for there was always plenty liner.22 A Man Adrift in and would have got very much more his way. and my respect for them grew to such a pitch that I almost forgot to think about the sailor who had shoved me aside roughly. It seemed that the law of the fo'castle was that the sailors should eat before the green hands. The ever talk was -the I most interesting listened I had heard. After supper came yarns about all the lands and all the waters of the world. The supper biscuits consisted of fresh boiled beef. such an easy way about being in places thousands of They talked in . It wasn't same as it was on a deep-water ship. Anyway. I could wait. potatoes. where you got nothing but your pound and your pint.

" " He was shipped with him on a barque Or another fellow would covered by these few rough fo'castle. The ship was still She had not yet got running smoothly." The whole world and its waters had been say. felt filled me I last that I had found my true vocation to to go on always wandering from place place. one of them would say. And then came the yarns about Paddy West. men At in the Listening to them with ambition to do likewise. and then the same man would perhaps the next moment say " : Yes. The sensation of being is on a great swiftly steamship when she running through smooth water is magical." of them suddenly " noticed me listening eagerly. out of 'Frisco. You feel as if you were steadily flying through .My " First Voyage 23 When I was in Calcutta. One sailor. out into the broken water. After eight bells I was out again with the watch on deck. I combing the beach in Honolulu when I came across him. with a laugh. Look at the dry-land he shouted." miles apart.

pin. would haul as five of We we sang. You hear nothing but the faint rumble of the easily-working engines. The foremost man would slip the halyard from off the belaying pin. blew on At this the pipe for us to stop. neither nor toss. out in the the We were meeting and the vessel began to heave. who stood off watching the sail. pay it out behind him.24 space. and hauling each halyard or brace tight in turn. n TOWARDS midnight we were broken water. he would give out the shanty or song. his I was told off with another man to go . loosing the down-hauls. A Man There is Adrift jar. and haul and haul till the bo'sun. and the wind got up. Then the word came for us to brace things up before So we went turning in at eight bells. nor jerk. round the ship. swells. as four or us grabbed it. and. foremost man would spring forward and bend up the halyard on to the belaying When everything was braced up.

would soon get I thought. of pictures and happenings was jumble passing through was bringing walking along my mind. bunk and lay feel flat I my back. The day had been a long one. And . it. the watch below . But got I fought hard against And when on to my it. of. and was very tired. and we was beSea-sickness had I my calculations when I I was looking I for a ship in Liverpool. but I could not conA confused nect one thing with another.My Eight bells First Voyage down 25 around the ship and and halyards. I tried to think over all that had happened. The moon- were reflected in The this soft was shining upon it How sea beautiful ! and magical looked. coil the sheets rang out to the sick. it. Now Murphy now I was me aboard the docks now I was hauling on the halyards now I could see the wideness and the far reach of the sea the sea stars light I had always dreamed it. came up on deck went forward ginning to feel not entered into to relieve us fo' castle. . began to over I better.

But this was not to be thought of in a shipped before the mast. Here I felt a little better But when cold. raw salt air revived me. man who had I seaman splice. a curious. I Hardly was on out my shoulder. ship was now heaving more than stumbled heavily against and a stanchion. The seemed to me I would to be going all ways at once. I asleep. I My step head was it light. box the compass. deck somehow.26 A Man fell Adrift then a face came near to mine. with the rest of the watch. I " It's eight bells ! Turn slowly got up. " ! asleep when a hand was " " Turn out Turn out ! ! shouted a voice. have given anything to have been able to lie down in my bunk. The ever. as an able to steer. I was horribly sea-sick. and got into I my I clothes as well as could. When *I took a step could not feel my ship feet. I staggered aft I began I to feel worse. strange face. and when took a seemed as if my body had no But I managed to scramble on weight. and do had signed as one who was able .

was of saying anyAnd not powerless. but there was but to wait of repining. to my misery. for they had to take work. only was will I powerless in body. do anything back. I as useless as a The thought of it log. and one could not. of the got through that watch I never remember falling I down. afraid. thing while my or. They acted impatiently and brutally towards me. I was sick for two days and a half. There was no use indeed. And this was hardly to be wondered at. but too. and keep it kicking me. was shown scant sympathy by my mates on watch. was nothing for it kicked me. I time. well in men my mind. I my was powerless. but I turned round so as to see his face. of course. . The moon at this time This man had shining brightly. I felt getting began to myself be a coward.My added I First Voyage 27 And here was other shipmanlike things. upon themselves my share of the I had come aboard under false I I How knew. colours.

thinking of this man helped to cure me. I was thoroughly used to the motion of the vessel. though. and said: shouldn't hit a sick sick man. Whenmet him I looked straight in his I And to as I felt I back my limbs the power coming was filled with joy. Still. Besides. I could hardly stand up at the time. time after that he struck me in the blackening my eye." I believe gradually I got well. The man especially brutal. And Whenever ever face. and I could haul powerfully on the halyards and braces. when we were nearly half way across the ocean. I knew very little of the work. I was beginning to be of use. of course.28 A Man All that time Adrift during which time I had to do my four hours on and off with the rest of the watch. indeed. but I looked him "You steadily in the eyes. got very weak kicked me was could eat nothing. this man will get well. The time would soon come! At about the sixth day out. The strong air of the ocean was . for I was quick. I and I who Some face. I saw him I smiled.

thought.My I First Voyage into It 29 such as putting a vigour of life me had never felt before. and was made of. striking him when he was helpless was no way to right things. Even though a man did not know his work. It was fine to feel the clean. and I noticed him standing near his bunk. felt fit the seventh day out I anything. I looked carefully over him. I just felt that I could the better of me. was a wonder- ful life sensation. I would see what he He was there. after being shut up all one's in a dull. black town. And the . and when I thought I had him now. My eye was still sore and black from the blow. to be out in this vast open of moving waters. and I thought the On for time had I now come the sailor who had for sick. sharp wind striking full into the face. sodden. It me to settle matters with struck me when was was our watch below in the fo'castle. I would like to kill I him and pitch him overboard. of it I smiled to myself. fresh. noting where and how I would hit I never thought that he might get him. annihilate him.

but came for me. too. It rest of the watch." said again to him. I to talk in such a way to a you kicked me. keeping my eye fixed on his eye. It was a feint. making the blow more effective. He staggered against the side of a bunk . when " And I was sick. looked at and became to Something was going for was a rare thing happen! a green hand sailor. and backed quickly a couple of paces. sitting about talking. I backed again it was a big fo'castle and then I sank myself down a little to the left and reached out." I gave him a push with my open hand. And as he followed over on that side. " Come on. who were us." The quiet. Don't be afraid. I turned to the right like lightning jumped to and landed of his face.30 A Man Adrift shame of the blow swept through me as I walked up to him and said "You struck me when I was sick and Now's not able to do anything back. my fist heavily on the side The ship chanced the be I lurching towards me at instant struck. He said nothing. : your time to strike me again.

" There was no response. to steering was done by four quartermasters. And now face all he was down I in a heap. keep everything holystone decks. and asked had enough. by the collar. there was to not much real sailoring to be done aboard this steamer.My First Voyage I 31 and before he knew where he was was right close up to him. and he was not able to give me any return. I was too quick for him. It is astonishing how dust collects at sea. So for all practical purposes . and four men were selected for The the lookout. ! He had " I'll fight the best man in this watch. The main work was clean. dragged him up him if he had Dropping him again. I turned to the rest of the watch who were all eyes and said quietly. in AFTER all. his over blood. polish brass work. pounding him in the face and ribs. Besides. and keep the paint free from dust. The first blow had knocked him stupid.

one in a And the wind came with such fury and force that sensation from the body and it drove from the brain. or when the wind was blowing from the wrong quarter. It was as if the sea and the heavens and the thunders and the great ship suddenly became horrible. haul strongly on halyards Usually the sails were only put on the vessel to keep her steady in heavy weather. I could push a holystone with the best of them no great feat after all. The moon and clearly a out. indescribable uproar. life. were blotted There was nothing for the watch on deck to do but to grope slowly along like blind men.32 I A Man Adrift was as good a steamship sailor as anyone else. We could do thought nothing but gasp and hold on to something with the death-clutch. and bend . I'll never forget that night to the end of my It suddenly became pitch black. moment which had been shining before. And and I could braces. And then the hurricane dropped on us. One night at twelve o'clock a short hurricane came down upon us. stars.

The wake of the hurriforward-deck had become in the c . clutching thing. was going on in blind darkI was ness.My a if First Voyage 33 so as to get a chance to breathe. let go what he was clutching on he would be dashed down. mendous. from which sensation had been suddenly driven. The the hurricane had swept tre- out into distance a flying. And to. shining clearly. All through the next day through these terrible seas we as strained if we were following cane. gasping and shrinking and The end of things had come clutching. awful seas. I were sweeping was so stunned that seas fear. And the stars and moon came But the seas out again. All this ! Immense ship. for the force of the wind striking down our heads man he in the face would choke him. were with us the gigantic. sweeping. All at once the hurricane died down. Its minutes. end was nearly as sudden as its behad only lasted a few It ginning. I over the I did not even feel was just a blind. shapeless thing of destruction.

she steadied. Then was the time to make the dash along the deck for the fo'castle. and watch settled One had ships at the beginning of the main-deck for the instant when the ship down and became steady. but time. And once overboard. and if one waited too long the sea would again be thundering over the deck. I dashed along the fore-deck. I and the meat vessel watch's waited amidships at the main deck before for I made my steady herself dash forward for to the fo'castle. I No boat could be sent after him. The ship only remained steady for three or four seconds. I got up. one of these the cook's had the bad luck to be caught in I had just come from seas. I I and this before slipped could recover myself. Where the kid and potatoes and meat . he could never be got again.34 A Man Adrift to wait amid- most dangerous. galley with for a kid the full of potatoes supper. If a man were caught in it. As down. the sea was upon me. but I had hardly got three-parts of the way when I slipped again. he would be swept overboard.

And big. Strangely kept my senses. again It struck me. my legs. but it seemed to whirl in a sort of circle.My went to if I First Voyage I 35 don't know. a poor fellow has met his death . I crawled down into the fo 'castle. Many I was glad to be alive. I flung out my arms and clutched the fore-halyard for my life. but was picked up and swept against the foremast as I were a cork. to my utter surprise. stiff There But over the deck. By a miracle I had been swept into the lee scupper. when suddenly I struck against someThen the next instant I was thing hard. and kept there I don't know how. though I felt must be overboard. too. I twined rope. spinning me in round and round enough. The water was boiling and fighting over and around me. that I I like a top. I around the stuck. and washed me from my a sea thundered clutch on the halyard as if I were but a feather that was lying against it. heaved up clear out of the water. and I found. The awful force of the water did not strike a straight direction. that I was still on board.

so terribly cold. and never a big blow as they were got again.36 in A Man Adrift by being caught and carried overboard a heavy sea. used to tell of Occasionally the sailors it in their watch below. in the winter time some sailors would not ship for a it at any price. rounding the Horn. Lowering a boat for a man was rarely ever of use in rough weather. At last we were off the banks of New- . Some told chums who had gone out suddenly into violent death. Squalls and short hurricanes were inAnd it was cessantly springing up in it. though a boat was always got were humanly possible. How poor Tom in was carried off. or how poor Bill was gone overboard an hour before he was missed sailor in at all ! the fo'castle There was not a who had not an of actual first-hand knowledge some of such sad experience. out if it was of all the oceans of the world the most dangerous and ugly in this respect. In the winter time the North Atlantic. trip across In fact. or the Western Ocean. as the sailors called it.

But I mind that much. First Voyage 37 The weather had moderated. and in time I would make a good sailor-man first sighted land one morning at in ! We sunrise.My foundland. looked at the low-lying. and braces were bedded did not in ice. me. off It came up on the horizon away on the stoning of the port-bow. The voyage would soon be I over now! The thought filled me with joy. favourable was green. It was a relief to feel the thing like running with somesmoothness after its heaving vessel and stressing through the heavy weather. and the fogs which usually lie here in the winter had lifted. but still I must said. decks at the said to " We me : were holy time. but with the joy was a tinge of regret . and " one sailors ! There's America dark line. It had grown much colder the halyards . they have something I impression on my behalf. for one of the sailors had given me some socks and and the bo'sun had given me mittens an old pea-jacket that was very warm. My fight with the sailor had created a .

if had suddenly realised in this scene of ocean. was cold. It was as ness and joy and everything. The strange. intense feeling. now. It was a higher and more acute feeling In it was sadthan that of happiness. clearer.38 to it. I here was the land one of the had dreamed of when It was becoming faint. and the sight of the land off in the distance. clear beauty of the morning. to see the strong There vast. up on the horizon as a It dark morning was most The sky was so blue and beautiful. which was well up clear. still I loved in it. heaving stretch of the ocean. and land all the longings I . was a clearer and I this land that at first crept line. free ocean ! ! And lands boy. and the sun. air. was getting used to feel the press winds. A Man It Adrift I at leaving the ship. that was my appealed to something blood to some instinct I It had inherited. brought to me a moment of curious. but was so fine of the great. were times when it brought terror. was shining with a searching. but the northern softness. The great.

good. to see it.My and wishes of it First Voyage I I 39 my life. The next day and the day after that we ran along favoured with calm The voyage was nearing its weather. The next morning I left the ship for And as I It was on a Sunday. but to me came this glorious. this country. The voyage Busy men were rushing about shouting English in a curious flat accent. A new world was before me. had come to was but a com- mon hand working on the ship. and then in a few hours we were grinding. And now we were We was were over. cold I was but tell and hard-looking. grinding our way through the thick Off floating ice of the Delaware River. was glad it For who could what held in store for tied me? up to the wharf. It from the bank of the river stretched a country that was winter-bound. And soon the pilot came aboard. in Philadelphia. close. strange moment. though had not a penny in my pocket. through suffering. felt strong and . walked through the phia I I streets of Philadel- hopeful.

making a bare exist- ence by the doing of stray. and the long. odd jobs. and the ever-passing crowds and the bright. even if he may not speak to them. looking for work. The people 40 . Or he may have been going along over bare. tempting displays in the shop windows. in small. and he is touched with the general movement. or he has been working his way hither and thither. ADRIFT ! THE magic of a great town A man goes into it when he is hard up and lonely and wearing shabby clothes. been so long communing with himself that he feels the need of contact with other human beings. He wishes to be near people and to hear their voices. winding country roads that seemed to He has go on without end for ever. mighty town possesses him. lonesome magnetism of the He has been off places. The curious.III. clean streets.

. approaching a strange a town. where He now proaching the great town and he it is thrilled. even as it is the town of him who is fine and great. is place hard with him. long before him the town that will last long. The people who knew him once may be dead or But still gone. Men who It are adrift. that a may be foreign man has come from things have apof his native at last is some gone land. The town was here long. long after he has crumbled and gone to dust. The town that is his town. Lone ships that move on and on till they are lost in the dread. even as himself. Or it may be that a man to is one who native may not go back is again his Now he place. Vague be. or may not know him. He is glad to even though he be penniless. mysterious distance. townbut still get to it. kinship has for him a though warmth and a sense of rest.Adrift 41 he has seen off from the town have been but stray and passing. there is for him the town. that . is for here something that this akin to him.

fulness life of the pleasure of ! In the town Yes. and new. sound of its mighty life. this town but he it. And stride. fine clothes. be to hear. is He is to to him ? stance through the magic of circumHe may. The magic of a great town! . Even though he must How its be to see the spires of in churches arising will the distance! How the faint. to coming coming And who knows what chance may do Who knows what may happen for him ? it! It is far off.42 A Man glad he glad he faint will Adrift face strangers. give him the town! The town where no one knows him where no one knows of what he of the has done life where he may begin a new > he goes on with firm where fortune may await him. far away. buy himself a good dinner. Soon he will see the spires arising in the distance. He will stretch himself in the life. in a street. find a Then he will go and purse of gold.

You were slave. The were fifteen dollars a month. And you were bound by the same laws oysters in the and you would be bound by if you shipped on a deep-water vessel that was going to round the Horn "Cape rules that Stiff. the captain's machine his He if had power thought I it to strike or shoot you he shipped necessary. Here I shipped on an oyster-boat to dredge for Chesapeake Bay. on a small schooner.IV. and sailed down the the bay. and wages one had to ship for a month at least." as the sailors call it. which was an easy 43 On way down to the . dredging grounds we had nothing to do but to sail the schooner. LIFE ON AN OYSTER-BOAT AFTER many days tramping self in I found my- the city of Baltimore.

These scraped in the oysters as the dredge dragged over the bed. and rollers put on a level with the planking of the deck. The dredge was trian- gular in shape. In working time these were put in readiness to be heaved overboard at a word from the captain. fifteen-fathom rope. Across the mouth of the bag was a steel bar. in which was a row of long. schooner. Each man was armed with a " culling hammer. It winding to in when took a they had four with winch. told. sharp teeth. so as to allow the dredges to pass easily. A word about the dredging outfit of our aboard. She on filled had the amidships sides for two crab-winches port and starboard the dredges oysters. ten men It took us two days to get on account of head winds. men a Fastened to stout. A Man as there Adrift all were. a dredge lay on either side near the gunwale." .44 task. who then steered the boat The gunwales were cut away. down. and was simply a strong iron frame with a steel chain bag pend- ing from the large end.

who cabin. About an hour before dawn. we had been warm enough them off.Life on an Oyster-Boat 45 a hammer with a long. was work out of us. narrow head and a long shaft. and inform us that the time had arrived for us to sally forth to and unjoyfully. work was much the same as another. the cook. Blankets were The to get we for froze to death or captain didn't care whether All he cared not. where we slept. and for separating the oysters from the loose shells when the contents of the dredge were One day's dumped on deck. voice and put on if our clothes that is. our first job was to haul up the anchor and loose the sails. After creeping shiveringly out of the manhole and on to the deck. lived aft would with the captain in come forward to the the to- fo'castle. huddled gether like rats. we Reluctantly would arise at the sound of the cook's toil. which he used for breaking off extra shells that were stuck to the oysters. anchored every night in We . the night before to take scarce.

get to our places at the winches. because of the raw. damp winter wind which was usually blowing before daylight. the schooner would be making all speed for the dredgArrived there. The speed of the schooner checked considerably as the dredges dragged over the oyster bed. " Heave " from the captain at the ing ! wheel. and coffee. into the Whilst breakfast. Getting up the anchor was always a terrible job. we would ground. . file and one by one we would cabin to eat. bread. which were scraped into the chain bags by the toothfilling "Wind!" when the the captain would command dredges had passed over the whole width of the bed. which usually con- sisted of codfish-hash. and splash would go both dredges simultaneously. as a man from either ! side heaved them overboard.46 A Man Adrift any small bay or cove that came nearest or handiest. was being doled out in detail. with oysters. "Breakfast!" the cook would shout. gradually bars.

the terror of that awful winding! I'd sooner help to take in frozen sails in a Cape Horn. During the winding the schooner would be tossing about like a feather and shipping seas.ocean. there are lost in the shallow.Life on an Oyster-Boat will 47 would With a the whole of us suddenly bend our strength upon the handles of the winches. It is well to remark for the benefit of those who don't know that the short choppy seas of a shallow bay are harder to contend with than are the gigantic. awful swells that are to be met with in mid . more ships else. least bit it was instantly felt by the All had to fuse their strength into The cold seas desperate whole. washed us from head to foot. Proportionately. choppy waters of the North Sea than anywhere Oh. and wind with all our might and main. gale off tightest possible tension. and breath was strained to the muscle. but in the one horrible strain wind ! wind ! we didn't notice it. If a man slacked up the rest. Every nerve. Wind Would the internal strain ! .

or. a before the so as captain had put the boat about to cross the oyster bed again and was ready to give the word to heave the . Any extra shells that were sticking them we broke off with our " culling hammers. and " the seaweed overboard. have done the hardest and roughest sort of labouring." As soon as we had got all to Culling.48 never cease in felt A Man ? Adrift if I It seemed as cracking. flinging the oysters behind us to form a pile. as we was the a soft of rest after the terror of the winding. appeared Up ! up ! gunwale and they were on deck. Up! up! At last the necks of the dredges rollers. the oysters out of the heap we quickly shovelled the loose shells. above the and their contents fell dumped out in a heap. the stones. Then we menced sible on our knees and com- to separate as quickly as posthe oysters from the loose shells. it a man were though I every fibre had never I anything like before nor have since. oysters. usually. By the time we had got little out all it." called the picking out of the oysters.

and made the dredges. we let go the anchor. for the Arriving there. and took in and furled the sails. The D jib of the schooner . It was fine to stand on the foredeck of the little schooner and feel towards the harbour when her rushing our day's work rest. fast washed up the deck. II STILL. and then we jected. barring a few moments we got to snatch a bite of food. The day was ended. and again would come the culling. After that came supper. there were fine life. 49 dredges overboard. This awful work would continue without a break up to sundown. wet. filed.Life on an Oyster-Boat spell. was done. weary. and de- into the fo'castle. real Thus we never got a breathing Again would corr. as there are fine moments moments in in the all lives. however sad or hard they may be. It gave one a sense of a sense of peace. At sundown we made nearest cove or harbour.e the terrible winding.

man didn't have the fighting instinct strong in him he was very apt to get knocked about If you sailed down the Bay with some . Often there were black tragedies in the life. iron facts has a charm of its own. And. still in a sort of a way it appealed to me. Though the life was hard. I used to think and wonder about many things then. indeed. Bodies of in men were found floating the Bay. At the beginning of every oyster season they would turn up in Baltimore. They had been murdered and pitched overboard by the captains and mates.50 A Man I Adrift stood out like the wing of a giant bat. there were fellows who had been at it years and years. I used to wonder how long would be a dredger. Being faced with grim. dredgers had a saying that if you ever once got the dredging-mud on you The you would always come back to it again. and compare notes as to what they had been doing since the last season. and greet each other. the captains were If a a lot of brutal bullies. As a rule.

enough get the Some captains kicked out of you. captain and They. of course. There the working over the were laws. were bed. knocked flat with the butt of a and like revolver. of to You your had of to be ready out with sheath-knife it into to offered and give the whole blade the mate or captain who strike In no other you. . you way could a man. and the cook would ladle out the food them on to the plates that the for ing. against but the laws didn't work. wouldn't keep up your style as Fighting back with your fists be You would be worth a rap. would have clean plates and clean knives and forks. to be ill-using and to killing of men. used to have loaded revolvers lying life within actually grasp while the men oyster sure. A word as the way we used the to First get our food. the mate would eat. When they had finished eat- two of the men would be called in.Life on an Oyster-Boat to 51 go captains you had the whole length be the ready to rope.

and hard eyes. favour with the captain. he was a stout. as time as possible in eating. or four other men. as If you were out of the case may be. another. When others till men on had in finished. He was on. now and then. and I didn't We used to scowl at each other like him. and to save the cook trouble. One morning breakfast I I came aft I into the cabin for believe . who would For some reason or he dropped. would be called one every board two and so on. little I remember getting into I a row over this custom on one boat cook was called Scotty. toady.52 captain A Man and these Adrift just the mate had used. hard fight little till block of a fellow. The was a mean- But for all that. he didn't like me. . You had to eat from the dirty plate of another man. you were kept The idea was to take up till the last. with a scarred He was the captain's face. looking little sailor man. had eaten. During the whole course of the meal the two plates and the knives and forks would not be washed. or two other men.

Life on an Oyster-Boat last 53 at was one of the two men filled I and sud- denly a sense of revolt sight of the dirty plate me the off. to tell the he was a plucky little fellow. if asking this that the scowl left his He was dumfounded. he his to strike me. I like a man? turned to who stood scowling at me. He would show me. The cheek of for a clean plate was somemy asking And rage took the thing unspeakable. horribly. and didn't asked him roughly why he give me a clean plate. I if determined to take chances necessary on getting a long drop and a scragging . the captain and the Besides. place of surprise. who lived forward in the forepeak. But had had enough of the whole thing. I thought Why shouldn't I have a clean Scotty. I He knew he would have his back. Scotty in It was as aft I a dog had spoken. while was only an' ordinary dredger. Scotty was so surprised at my face. I had to eat Why plate should ? I be a dog any more. and he raised mate at truth. He fist swore at me said. the lived with the captain cabin.

. I thought I might kill well end it. there was no it. and when that's the case a man might for as well go in for a sheep as a lamb. And tried to Scotty. let him have a the mouth. killed anyone. but I was a much bigger and stronger man. fist As I Scotty raised his suddenly and swinging blow full in rose cabin. chance at all about I'd get hung. His head struck against the bulking of the And I till rained it half-arm punches on his face was a mass of blood. He fought me as well as he could. I And felt was punching him was fighting with a rope round my neck. But my blood was up. to strike me. If I A Man If I Adrift fought I'd have to go to the whole hog. The chances were I'd get shot. He all I hadn't the the time I ghost of a* show.54 rope. the whole infernal degradation of broke in on me like a lightningI And the life flash I while as was fighting. But he got away from me up the cabin He realised steps and on to the deck.

Then we had a good time. But I was ready for them. season began in October March the six coldest and hardest months of the year. I After that The dredging and ended in always got a clean plate. hundred yards from the shore. The captain calmed I suppose it dawned upon things down.Life that on an Oyster-Boat in 55 and came he was danger of his life. and we . where I was faced with the captain and the mate. fight had been I followed him up on deck. didn't offer to interfere. him that it was no joke doing a man up who was ready worth. Nothing to do but to eat and sleep and go ashore occasionally We were anchored about a for water. on a sloop that was frozen ice for nearly Once up in I was solid a month. to fight for all he was my They During the whole affair the men mates stood in a group forward. the animal instinct to save himself uppermost in him. The knocked out of him. too and seeing that I was ready they came to the conclusion that the easiest it way out of was the best.

for the reason that there were large pieces of loose ice on both sides of the yawl. to We loaded up the yawl. The loose ice floatthe channel had become frozen an hour. and stepping on them would mean mean falling into the water.56 A Man One Adrift had cut a channel through the ice. frozen together behind us. But this The loose ice stopped. that perhaps we couldn't Then we saw make the sloop it that night. afternoon another fellow and myself got the yawl ashore. and made hardly any headway. so as to get the little yawl backward and forward. The lads on the sloop kept . It was freezing very hard. which would death. too. began but when we had got about half way ing in we were blocked up. Nor could we land on the ice on either side us. So we thought better in to make for we were had of the shore again. and two together. for We worked hours into three hours. And one hour reached into two hours. and work our way back to the sloop. so as to bring aboard a barrel of water and some flour and bacon.

lights move. We it foot by foot along They had put on the roof of the cabin. which fixed us up all right. we got alongside the sloop. so that the reflections would show us where to the for ice. stiff the night be frozen it would mean that we should to me an eternity the ice slowly began to fought the channel to the sloop. darkness and night had come upon us. But we were getting anxious. with the help of their tugging. It whisky. to the yawl. smashing at the And after what seemed ice with our oars. They pulled us and gave us a big stiff drink of aboard. Saturday nights we would go to Cambridge a little town on the eastern shore of the On Bay and tie up till Monday . eight hours to It had taken us about go a hundred yards. and then. was midnight. If we had to stay in the yawl through And now by morning. We worked on and on.Life on an Oyster-Boat 57 shouting to us from time to time to cheer us up. strike at At to fast enough which we made them last we got near throw us a rope.

into the Then we would town to have a good time. of the earth. as as a scourings matter of fact. or fight with the police. Where are they gone? are they ? Drudges Nobody . drunk. but the faces of the men. And whisky what we bought. are still clear in my memory. is You all could buy a lot of whisky in Cambridge for a dollar. Yes. We of were the looked earth upon which. A Man Adrift get an advance perhaps of a dollar apiece from the capArmed with this we would go up tain. we were. Where now? Where of a dredge. we dredgers. we used to get drunk. the dredgers I knew. tried to with the us. rough lot 'of uncouth It men. Years and years have gone by since that time. faces rise Aye. And why not ? was the only thing left open for us. We were a bad to But we weren't too bad do the beastly work of dredging. In other words. weather-worn are they before me.58 morning. their hard. The dredgings lot. we used to get Then we used interfere to fight with if one they another. We were a dirty.

for the captain and mate had gone ashore till Monday. and lots of others. 59 knows and nobody driftage! Poor human Dogs I stone all. Galway were all Paddy of us to fight me. and nobody asked his real name. His town became Indeed. his was a Dublin Nobody sponsor. And there was Galway Paddy. flowing. and Tom Conroy. So the whisky was singing songs. so close together. fellow There was Dublin. telling and and we were one another . and Belfast. the Connaught man. I would like My to see even him. He was an Irishman man. A fine Dublin. had become wanted his sponsor. My name was Reddy because I had red hair. I have a fondness for them all. too. knew it. many of us dredgers had almost forgotten our real names. whom I fought with. whose town. We having a hilarious time. One Saturday night. Even poor little Scotty. everyone to throw a have an affection for them for comrades in hardship and There is nothing brings men misery. at. Aye.Life on an Oyster-Boat cares.

When he got knocked out. talk A Man All at Adrift where we had been and where we hadn't about someone began to and one word fighting. Gal way Paddy. liked Paddy. and finally he made a rush I me from the deck. after They deck.60 been. and having no reasons declined it to quarrel with him. I stood on to the wharf big pile the boat was made fast a and cheered on Dublin. the Connaught agreed to fight on the was a dark night. and the Connaught man knocked him out in short order. once till brought on another. a good man to fight. I I used to make thanks. who was my particular friend. Conroy. challenged at last Dublin Tom It man. and one of us stood on the roof of the cabin holding a lantern so that the men could Dublin was see to punch each other. But he for persisted. was just will getting to let ready much against my . challenged me to fight. to fight with a rule never without a reason. but on this occasion he was too drunk. who was backing up the Connaught I man.

This stopped the But Dublin. between the boat and the the wharf. the indomitable Patrick suddenly I dark. He was a fing type of man. sure enough. that true. couldn't make out where he I had got neath Pull to till heard a voice down be" : me spluttering out me up! I'm dhrownin'!" Reddy It ! was poor Paddy. As he was making the drive for me he stepped on nothing. they do not I. and the first thing he knew was the finding of him- yanked was a good job I was sober Paddy up. my intense surprise. for there was nothing for him to grab at. enough.Life him have to on an Oyster-Boat a 61 when. and It was disappeared. I He would have been drowned. icy It self in cold water. think. And right here I would like to say a word It is said concerning labouring men. I often think of him. able man. This is not who have been a labouring . who never had had the ghost of a chance in this big world. though he was but a rough hulk of a dredger a magnetic. fighting. and no room for him to swim. hard left-and-right.

fine man. He one of the sudden in squalls in the that come up the winter time Chesapeake Bay. God him was a brave. iron The facts. and. thetic and noble. to Adrift the fact that. brave. and though he had been in' prison often and often. labourer is faced with and is his judgment life.62 man. above all. The squall struck the yawl and capsized her. I mean that they have more genuine mind-power. and though he did fight. fighting in the cold ! and Dublin died rest waters. whatever its scope evolved from a first-hand experience of actual Poor Dublin! He was lost at night in was drowned. little He was scull- ing a yawl to the schooner he be- longed to. grim. He would give the last cent he had to a stranger if the He was sympastranger needed it. are in men who than rough of and illiterate have more vigour the thought and imagination have received educational men who advantages. though he did get drunk. and who are alleged to be intellectual. He . the A Man bear witness main.

Dredger though he was. I never knew his real name. . tramp though he was. of having been his friend. He had blue eyes and and he was a middle-sized man of a powerful build.Life on an Oyster-Boat pal in 63 He face. I Everyone liked him. am proud of having known him. of having taken his hand. though he had known the inside of prisons. was my my friend. There was fair something fine the expression of his hair.

We had more than twenty tons burthen. and a nor'-wester always means It was near the end of the business. and headed WE for off Black Walnut Harbour. We were in for a nor'-wester. FIGHTING A NOR'-WESTER hauled in our dredges. All the morning there had been a nasty swell and now and then smartish rolling. The weather had begun to look ugly. and well the captain thought in we might as be getting to harbour. and there were seven men of us aboard. we would be it to weather But white caps began to show on the waves.V. 64 . and far off on the north-west the sky was gradually darkening. out till sunset. spells of wind. sure enough. We thought able that. likely enough. which lay about seven miles to the north-west. all told. been dredging for oysters all Our little schooner was not the morning.

and. forward to ease the sheet. there was a small bend in it to the west over at the end. as I was coiling the dredge rope round the neck of the starboard dredge. dan- Suddenly. If we could make right this we would be sheltered a good deal.Fighting a Nor'-wester month of December gerous waters of the Chesapeake Bay. was no harbour at all for a nor'-wester. It was dark now. the nor'-wester smashed I down rushed on as us. wind-gusts. and strained if she would break away. and the tops of the waves looked like the edges of of big. it. Besides. Beating up in the eye short of the wind with meant making very tacks . The jib bellied out. The harbour we were making for lay off right dead in the eye of the wind. It was Hobson's choice. Go in or stay out. tear- ing flames as the flashed on them. We were in Right in a whirl of flying. streaks lightning We were shipping murderous-looking seas. but there was no other place for us to make for. and claps of thunder. 65 in the shallow. in fact. cutting spray.

my I fingers even through the thick mittens time it wore. and it looked If a big sea as if she might swamp. would be done. She was of the wrong shape and of too small a tonnage to be a good. cold work. to the mainsail The schooner labouring terribly. By this had lightened up again. It up was hard. drowning rats. and we would be fighting for our lives in the We would struggle a little cold waters. along harder but the gale broke than The captain was at the wheel. Victor was forward tending the jib sheet. The frost numbed in altogether.66 A Man Adrift everything close reefed and the sheets hauled down flat. the lappets of his sou'-wester tied down His brother stood by him. In a gale of wind there . took the foresail We Then we worked slowly with the jib and short mainsail. heavylike and die freezing. over his ears. her before she were to bear down upon was had the recovered business from the sea before. weather boat. Jack and I were amidships hanging on halyards. with ever.

managing to us some coffee we would never have been able to do anything. Sloops harbour. desperate fight with big. wind was so strong that we were The not able to make the very short tack could we . as we were caught.Fighting a Nor'-wester is 67 nothing like having plenty of tonnage under you. All of us cold. It was one continuous. Frank. schooners were straining and tugging at their anchors inside the They had been caught suddenly. chopping seas and a wind that cut you and wrenched you and stung you to the bone for at the same time. a drink or a tight place. and had no time to make for a better harbour from the nor'-wester. the cook. Now we bend. If were in and close up to the make our way up But we couldn't. How we managed it I don't know. After a long and hard time we beat our way up to the edge of the harbour. is Hot good mixed with and whisky. were drenched through and deadly Only make coffee. it would be all right.

Drag ! ! ! for it but to run out into the nor'-wester till and take our chances itself the gale wore down. This had been the chief reason for our trying to make the at bend. Adrift to let necessary to get our anchors go So we had right where we were.68 A Man in. to For a while we seemed But all be all right. once our anchors began. we had. It was like running into death. Crunch Drag There was nothing for us to do but to let the anchors go altogether. . In heavy weather the more chain there is out to the anchor it the better chance has of holding. They were too light. to drag. The minute they chocked the schooner up we began to pay out all the chain we could afford. so that we could find them afterwards. We fixed buoys on to the chains before we cast them off. and then we turned and made for the mouth of There was nothing the harbour again. The other boats in the harbour their were holding dently had much pared with their size than but they eviheavier anchors com- own.

. however. it. closed and For a few seconds the boats seemed to grapple together. part Both of us suffered. free of her we were and rushing on before the gale. and our fore-shrouds were torn away on the of her port side. We were staking to our lives for And lose it looked as if we were going No one could tell what would come from one minute to another. them. She had bowsprit wrenched off. The object of going out again after we had lost our anchors was to save the boat. could hardly blame him. We might be swamped or something might give way. but when we looked round for the German he was gone. What we were going to do was not very clear. He had stopped aboard the big schooner. At this point the German who belonged to our help to crew got on to the big schooner to In a minute push our boat off. We for our losing in game had too many chances of it.Fighting a Nor'-wester 69 Right near the edge of the harbour we collided with a big schooner swinging at anchor.

We shouted. up in the air as if he had been shot out of a rushed forward and flung over flying him go right up. but I could see noThe sea had swallowed thing of him. The first thing to do was to let it down with . He had been jamming the jib sheet to leeward with his big iron ring at the bottom of the sheet. it. It only little astern would have been worse than that would have lived in no more than a few seconds the sea was running. We could do nothing.yo A Man Adrift an accident happened. And now was flung overboard. I of saw Victor clean as I gun. The wooden jib-traveller broke away all at once. Lowering the hung useless. The jib was flapping viciously. to It is awful to see a man all death in such a way. had caught the in the middle of suddenly force and traveller had smashed upwards through the the wind on the jib. who was standing on it. The traveller. which ran along the foot. and Victor. the end of a rope. life-buoy yawl that The captain flung out the we had.

my head. The He had escape from death was had been flung overboard in the direction that the boat was going. and yanked him aboard. A stream of blood was running down his face. The was tossing about now more than ever. A splinter from the traveller had struck him. Then he us. water right under of the boat. because of there being no jib to steady her. He was down the bow I stay. clinging to the bobjust reached down. We were glad to have him safe aboard again. but we didn't have time to tell him so. There was too much reason simple. and had had drifted a drink of hot coffee. however. fought along with the rest of . He was all right again. I looked overboard. which I did. for his to be done. caught him in the by the scruff of the neck. as soon as he got his head tied up. And then I worked my way schooner slowly up to the bowsprit. and she right on to him.Fighting a Nor'-wester 71 a run. and I saw Victor. and I heard it again. Then I thought I heard a voice coming from somewhere I turned forward.

You had to stick for all or you were gone. bowsprit would suddenly water. nothing Jack and I crawled out on each side of floundering and How we the bowsprit and tied it down. It was one hand for yourself and the other for the boat. and slowly I would find myself lifted up again. was Then. and stick like iron.j2 A Man tried to rig Adrift up a sort of traveller for the jib with blocks and lashings. could. As I was cautiously and slowly tying a knot I would The down in you were worth. but It was blowing too hard. stuck on the foot-ropes I don't know. The next thing to do was to raise the reef it as close down as we foresail. the water rise bury itself right and bury itself again. it was no use. I find my head a foot under would gulp. shipping could be done with the jib. It was the ugliest job men ever tackled. But at last we had it finished. and we got inboard. Our idea was to try and make take the to place of the jib by giving more sheet . We And as all the while the schooner seas. and raise the peak of it it a little.

even if a man could keep his head in the big seas he would be frozen . I might as well have kept them on though.Fighting a Nor'-wester it 73 In the than we gave to the mainsail. it. grannie A a strain comes upon it. end we were successful fearful but we had a job reefing numbed with cold. for all the chance I would have had. . for the shore was fifteen or twenty miles away. I to do after this but for the to run before the gale and hope pulled off my big sea boots so as to have whatever chance there was of swimming when the time came." it We may never Frank evidently thought dangerous to swear than to knot. and knots that slip on a boat may mean knot slips when death. I undid and retied and this. the cook. Don't swear at a time like touch land again. for our hands were Frank. was more tie an unsafe There was nothing best. knot myself. was next to me helping to reef. Besides. He shuddered. I swore hard at Frank as the " said. and standing I saw him tie a grannie knot.

the captain saw. hour after hour. We before got into the inlet all right. and the But moon came out clear and bright. soaked boots made my feet cold anyway. the en. the gale broke on as hard as ever. We from Black Walnut had run farther Harbour than we of this inlet thought. Adrift in But all a tight time one instinctively does one can. away an inlet that he knew. and we knew where we were we were . to The beach of it was sloping and sand. one couldn't blame him. captain the wheel was He was a man from the eastern part of Maryland.d. The run the thing was get into and schooner ashore. his face set and calm. The long. able to see the lie of the bay shore being was a good thing. he was more than a boy. but little The captain's brother began for to cry.74 up in A Man no time. Still. It was this that saved us for in off. But I must say the for He stuck to game. The night was upon us now.

Aye. But we were snug and out stayed there two days. a dog a place not fit If I hadn't been a dangerous.Fighting a Nor'-wester safe 75 slope feel and sound on the sand. of danger. Then We we went back and picked up our anchors. and for my reward I had neither a place to sleep . fighting brute of a man I would have been struck and ill-used into the bargain. The was so gradual that we could hardly ourselves beaching. ******* I to Black Walnut Harbour At last I grew tired of dredging.had worked my life out to create wealth for others. had worked the blood and muscle out of wealth for others. I was as hard up as when I began. I. my body I to create in had lived in the midst of absolute to kennel filth in. And the gale roared and roared. had weathered the nor'-wester. and We everything was calm and quiet again. Labour had brought me nothing but hardship and degradation. And when the nor'-wester had worn itself out. we pulled ourselves off the beach at high tide.

Adrift nor a bite to What was the use of working at all. . So I faced about and became a tramp.76 in A Man eat. I thought? I got neither reward nor respect.

be penniless tramp care Is a no curious experience. does not apply to you. You for and no one cares for you. that the world The aphorism owes every man a living . You are in a mental chaos. ON TRAMP and on To one. dirty. Scorn is in their eyes. You are a link dissevered from the human chain. for you are a man without a home a man without friends. You haven't spirit enough to steal you haven't continuity of mind enough to plan a course of action. and without self-respect. And caring you wander hardly knowing where you wander. Things about you seem vague and elusive.VI. or As you shuffle along people glance at you as they pass. You will forget where and how you began to think. You are dispirited. Projects will 77 come up before . Your thoughts waver.

If a man had . And you beg for bread. A Man and they If Adrift you grasp enough in you would hate everything and everybody. have shuddered at the bare idea. or you ask alms of stray. you are or what you were matters You may be a man with a past. in It may have been life that at one time your you would have thought it You would impossible for you to beg. you shuffle along. murder. You knock at the doors of houses and ask for something to eat. you may be a man with a future. to like to hold the world in the hollow of your hand so that you might crush it. will fade before you had force You would like to do You would destroy. sharp resentment. How shameful You would have thought that ! death would be preferable. But you are impotent your pulse is down Who not. or a low-down thief. them. you You would feel hard. to rob. passing men.78 you. You may be one who has belonged to the topmost class you may be a labourer. from out the dispirited filth of the slums. or a man .

perhaps. kill them. For time in your life. No one If people have a conwaiting for you. You Still there are times to you. You A opens to you within yourself. at least they let you alone. one is tempt for you. . And you walk on and on. You are thrown in upon the first yourself. will feel the sense of freedom that you may be comes from a total lack of responsibility. And this is something. know who and what you are interested in the strange You have dreams unfoldings of yourself. world and fancies and curious longings. bearing with you a wonderful dream world. No is dependent upon you.On Tramp said 79 you would come to this you would have struck him in the face. you really begin to are. Perthat haps when you did think of able-bodied men begging you thought ball it them as wretches hardly worth the powder and of would take to feel sad. It when a fine moment comes that you will feel the curious sense of power that beIt may be that longs to utter loneliness.

it For you the water In flows as flows for them. who themselves fear the opinions of others all. In common with them you can move and think and see and hear. ? After they will die. even as you will die. they will die in come it to dust. a day. common with them you have the air to breathe. . In common with them you can see the strange pictures in the clouds. Yes. They will For you the sun shines as shines for them. In moments when these thoughts are with you.80 A Man Adrift What matters to you the contempt of people who move in grooves. you move along with a brisk step you ask for bread without shame.

jobs. Where he it is now I have no life. Billy really never had the least idea. the farmhouses we passed on was I Who idea. We were F just two outcasts who met by 81 . tramped along looking for work together we slept same haystack together we whacked up what little money we got for doing odd When things were absolutely tight. BILLY BILLY and in the I were partners. we shared the food that we begged from the road. He came me his and went out of told suddenly my in a like way. Billy. he spoke now and then of his life in the past. into He name was and that was the end and beginning of anything tangible he had to say about himself. We . .VII. distant sort of way as if he were speaking more to himself than to me. True. but only in a vague.

and covered with dust. or American ." I said. as world's standpoint. he was a tramp like myself." he answered. We we It " I'm going that way. was a beautiful afternoon in tember. sad-looking. " " Hello. too. talked for a little while. bearded noticed him man His clothes were of about forty-five. I saw him first as I was going along the road to Baltimore. and then started on our . His eyes were large and blue. A Man Adrift and who stayed by each other while circumstances permitted. and worn. The leaves of the trees Sepwere already beginning to turn to the rich varied colours of the fall. "Where bound for?" " Baltimore.way together. and in them was a curious look of mingled pathos and resentment the look that marks the man whose life has been a failure from the said. partner ! I I stopped are you and looked at him. He was sitting under a hedge on the roadside when I a tired. On old the face of it.8a chance. There was a pleasant ring in his voice.

Billy autumn. Billy and I talked He interested me very much not so say. for I This was as far as ever got. I glad as It road. Likely never found out who he was. vital and clear and sustaining in the air. and I had no curiosity on that score. As we walked along together. enough he wished to forget it himself. less stepped out freely along the was worth while being a nameI and homeless tramp for the sake of living and moving through a scene like this. The felt clear cries of birds filled the air. little The man had After a while I found out what I he was. 83 I I Though I had no idea where felt would sleep that night. to the full There was something so the joy of life. much because of what he had to but because of himself. Off from the road were glades and forests toned with curious and exquisite colours. and come He . was an English gentleman who had drifted away from his bearings. I knew as much about him I in the first half hour as ever knew. individuality.

we came to a halt. is it." him was air that air fine. The memory We since passed from me. and when it was dark we crossed hedge. half-insolent that that called Hardship and the humiliation of having to beg for his bread had not robbed him of this. and we determined to wait till grew darker. and began to discuss as to where we should pass the night. There was no mistaking curious. the drift of which has Bay. We past forests. and then to go and We lay down near the climb up into it. cornfields tramped on and on for hours and peach orchards and Now and then we saw in the distances stretches of the shining.84 down that in the A Man world Adrift just a piece of not. He did of course. of that strange aftertalked noon will always be with me. At last. silver It was the Chesapeake waters of a bay. human say wreckage. but I saw it almost at a glance. he was a gentleman. Off over near a big farmhouse we sighted a haystack. when the sun began to sink. About "manner. it . of many things.

Besides. were afraid of dogs hearing us and setting We We got there all up a . The cool. We had found a most dea fragrant. Our idea was to ask the people there for breakfast. Then we started out again on We could have got work on the farm. clean hay. right.Billy 85 the field cautiously to the haystack. At the time I met Billy I was all but to an illiterate man being hardly able . lightful bed after the tramp of the day.barking. but that hardly suited us. After we had done a little work they gave us breakfast. morning came we got down out of the haystack without being seen. as our object was to get to Baltimore. and When made a detour house from so as to approach the farmthe front. the charm of tramping the road was upon us. changing open country was a much more alluring prospect than sticking at hard steady work. and we climbed up into the fresh. Moving along through the the main road. refreshing bed. clear stars were shining above us.

and to possess I it. though of but am afraid my little help to him.86 A Man But Adrift still I had had a wide experience of actual living. this advanadvantage over me. But I felt it to be an advantage. he knew things self easily he could express himand surely. to appreciate I Billy at his full worth. whilst he gave me a great deal. I appreciation was Of the two I alone was the gainer. He did not do so knowingly. It was rather that was struck with the great ence that lay between us. It man whose name even you But such was the case. It is a curious thing to meet with and be indebted to a don't know. I longed that if for it seemed to me to had it I would have a chance raise myself. still he had an True. Thus I was able read and write. Though he was . could give him nothing. but a tramp like myself. nevertheless. and knew something about men. was Billy who first gave me the idea of trying to educate myself. He had I differ- style . . however. tage had not been able to stop him from coming down in the world.

in gave But he little I volunteered to help me. but it answered the purpose. How My first task was to learn to pronounce the big words in it properly. forget grimy. chanced to have my pocket a or where ten-cent dictionary. And our so went as we slowly tramped on Baltimore. for me wonderful . pains teach me it as much as When tell it made a of slip.Billy It 87 that Billy was a curious look I me when I spoke of this to him. These days were days. He and me of the mysterious origins He told me how vagaries of religion. the geologists had wrested from the earth and rocks their dim secrets. I got now. Billy would tell me the right pronunciation. to I way to Billy took the greatest possible. It was dog-eared and it. and I would repeat and repeat at last I it after him till got it it. slip in speak- ing he would me and explain to me why was a He told went into the history of the world and of the nations of the world.

And so the trees. roomy barn is In the air is the cool fresh delightful. After working an hour or so. have a little money by us to We wanted let to when we got us Baltimore. looked the with sun shining . we would have supper and go back to then on the barn. into the field or orchard. smell of the earth and fine its and refreshing is earth Why do people ! How produce. and go us . and delicately-coloured. I liked the odd days we worked in the peach orchards best. beautiful with their green leaves full fruit. After sunset up to sunset.A Man We Adrift at cutting worked now and then corn or picking peaches. The farmer would Sleeping on a warm night in a great. and . the smell of the live in towns ? At daybreak and out call the farmer would come and we would get up. The orchards were filled with an exquisite aroma. we would come back hungry to breakfast and then we would work on to dinner-time. lave our faces and hands in water. sleep at night in the barn.

we where lay ships of all descriptions. thought pure fields and the clean. We had been tramping all day the we were very tired. I and was sorry of the be in the air. We had got into Baltimore the night before. glorious health. a big town of busy streets and wharves. At last we were in Baltimore. gliding streamfresh waters. and money we had between us was and all a dollar and seventy-five cents. Billy . and the the foul air. Even soiled I the waters bay town. The forest and wide came up before me. looked black from to wharves. At our other to times way bathe stop on in a stream. It was so different from the peaceful country. and lie down and wait for them to dry. with its calm.Billy through them. Here was nothing but rush and and unrest of hurry. us to take as 89 we The much farmer would allow of the fruit as wanted for ourselves. spread them out in the sun. Then we would would wash our clothes.

In the welcome. house were two great rooms. Every man his pillow. were lucky enough to pick up some work on the wharf. who gave Billy a cordial Billy had stayed in the lodging-house on and off for a long time. or dormibeds each. fifty They were small. The work was freight rather hard but it unloading a ship was more interesting than labourkept from ing work usually is. A Man of Adrift near cheap lodging-house Lightstreet Wharf. Here one could get a bed for ten cents. During all this time Billy on . for which we were paid at the rate of twenty Billy and cents an hour. which held tories. and a meal for fifteen cents.90 knew the there. and we a went The keeper of it was a man named Murray. narrow beds stand- ing in two long rows with a space of about a foot and a half between them. slept with his clothes If this precaution under were not or taken one was apt to wake up and find either his money I if he had any part of his clothes gone.

and he would explain to me the meaning of certain passages. muscular from New York I was going This ingly to him. for. I had committed to memory I nearly the whole of the great poem. I I felt myself awakening and growing. carried into arch- The sublimeness of the thoughts and words a great light. Soon ******* One night fellow strike in the in lodging-house quarrel. talking Billy disparag- England. interfered. I took Billy's part a A big. man had been of it. would repeat parts of it aloud to Billy. to see something beautiful even began in the my mind squalor around me. where the angels address themselves to God. and all had re- sented like Englishman. Faust. heart At the once I learned verses in off by be- wonderful the ginning of the poem. me whenever he got some books. he I was proud of his country.Billy teaching I 91 got a chance. amongst which was a translation of Goethe's masterpiece. was not .

fighting. and I stood naked Then . said." can't size. hit Billy. I'm more fight you. sides. shirt. not " " a fight with the big Billy was not strong." I pulled off my to coat and the waist. "Come Strip off. you mustn't " I. saw chance BeEnglishman." he But see took no notice. quarrel I His quarrel was life my for I in fact. on. in his and he was rather slow suitable at all movements. rough for quick. that he would have no in earthly muscular American. He's " my partner." Billy did not me to interfere." I said to the American." by God pick ! he exclaimed. said again. more than laid my quarrel. Look Won't here." said to the American. " No. you won't.92 much A Man interested in Adrift the matter of hear- ing England blood myself see Billy abused but I being wasn't of Irish going to knocked about. quietly. I fight my own " battles. and let's what you can do. would have the down my Billy. I'll I "You your " I I'll on like him.

Billy
tightened

93
I

my

belt.
I

All the time

kept

my
for

eye peeled. a quick rush.

was on the lookout

The American other men stood
a ring.

also
off

got

ready.
us,

The

around

making

We
when

were just about to get to work
Murray, the boss,

came up

into

This stopped the thing the big room. at once. Murray was afraid of the
police.

And
glad

to

tell

the

truth,

I

was
as
I

rather

of

the

interruption,

had
not

*******
I

strong could polish off the big American.
old

doubts

as

to

whether

or

Dear
they

Billy!
to
call

used
I

"English Billy," as him. Years afterin

wards
totally

was again

Baltimore, under
I

different

circumstances.

called

at the

common

get some

lodging-house to try and I was no tidings of him. longer

a tramp. for me.

The world had grown
I

easier

had changed. Murray was still at the old lodgingHe was older and greyer. He house.

wondered who

it

was

who was

asking

94

A Man
I

Adrift
Billy

him about this English to come and get a bed
house.

who used
not

at his lodging-

could

see

that

he had

the slightest idea as to who I was. He could tell me nothing. Billy had

gone away years ago.

VIII.

SHOVELLING
of labouring
is

OF

all

the

kinds

work

I

have ever tackled, shovelling It trying and monotonous.
the sheer,
nity goes with
it

the most

is

work of
If dig-

unadulterated order.
as
it

is

alleged to go

with

all

hazard

I can only labouring work the opinion that this dignity is

of the most diaphanous and hard-to-beIt certainly escaped perceived kind. power of observation.

my

Fellows have asserted to

me

that the

navvy was "Give him
in the

really fond of his shovelling. his pipe and his glass of beer

evening, and he goes back to his the morning with joy." This assertion has been made to me with varying degrees of emphasis, but truth com-

work

in

pels

me

to

add that the fellow who so
never had been

asserted was not a navvy

a navvy, and never was likely to be a
95

96
navvy.

A Man
He
wordful

Adrift
leisured theoriser.

was some

And it has person. that the ground upon which he based his assertion was about
Some
always struck

me

as solid and as easy to be seen
alleged
dignity
art

as the

which

forms

a

halo

around the

of shovelling and other kindred arts. Indeed, the only thing solid the assertion was based upon was
the solidness of ignorance.

have been a navvy, and have necessarily mixed with navvies a great deal,
I

and
his

I

must bear witness
in other

to the fact that

I

have never heard one of them speak of

work

than tones of disgust.

own

Their eyes have been as blind as my in the matter of seeing where the
dignity

came
first

in.

My

had got a job of Columbus, on the railroad track. sniping Sniping
I

essay Ohio.

at

shovelling

was

in

is

nearly

analogous

England.

The

plate-laying in difference is that the

to

work is harder, and the hours longer, and the men are more bullied by the
bosses.
I

fear

me

that the proud British

Shovelling
workman
in

97
of

gets

a

surprise

the

most

unpleasant calibre

when he

America.
for

He

tackles a job has to do twice the

work
that

is,

much about the same money when everything is considered.

But to

my

maiden experience

in

the

art of shovelling.

Myself and an old Irishman were given a job together to load up cinders on to We worked side by side, and flat cars.
the amount

we

shovelled,

as

compared

with each other, could, of course, be told

by the
labour
father

size of

our respective heaps.

The

old Irishman
-

slave.

was of the genuine type of His father and grandlikely

had
him.

most
It

been
his

labourers

before

was

in

blood.

He

was
its

a poor, last gasp, but
like

used-up old horse at still able to draw.

He
was

was
the

filled

with a spirit of emulation,
as

old

Irishman,

he
I,

worked
a strong

alongside

of me.

Here was

young man, whilst he was a man who I could see that was nearly at his end he was thinking this as he bent himself He was ould, but he would to his work. G
!

98

A Man

Adrift
!

show the boss how well he could shovel So he went at it as hard as he could. There was no such spirit impelling me. I worked with calmness and ease, and rested now and then. The result was that after some hours there was a
tremendous difference

between

our

re-

use a comparison, the spective piles. old Irishman's pile looked like one of
the

To

Himalayan
the

had

Mountains, appearance of a

while
hill

mine
very

of

modest height.

The
piles,

boss came round, looked at the

and exploded with wrath.
an
Irishman. "

He,
here,"

too,

was

Look

he

shouted.

"Look
to

at this poor ould

man

ould enough

be your grandfather!
at your pile!

Look at his pile, and look Yez ought to be ashamed
let

of yourself to

an ould man bate ye!" But I did not feel the sting of shame, and I let my lack of feeling be known to
the boss.

We
was

had a

During
his face.

it,

the old

man

sharp argument. shovelled harder

than ever.
It

A pleased
his

look had

come

into

moment

of triumph.

Shovelling

99

The

fact

young balm of Gilead

of his out-shovelling a strong man and the boss noticing it was
to him.
I

The
I

next time
in

was

had a go at shovelling A sewer was being Cincinnati.

dug in one of the main streets, and I was put on with some other men at
seven
I

The night before morning. had wandered around the city, because
in the

I

had no money
in

hardly Still, there
either

a

get a bed. condition to begin
to
alternative.

I

was

work.
It
it

was no

work or

starve.

Indeed,

was was

work and starve, too, for when twelve came lunch time I could get I could not get a sub from no lunch.
o'clock

the boss as a navvy could
It

in England. be remembered that the must always

conditions

surrounding

labouring
pitiless

work
than

in the States are

much more

they are in England.

So work
I

there
all

was nothing

for

it

but to
eat.

day without

anything to

When we

stopped at six in the evening
to being able to conbut,

was hopeless as

tinue at the work,

as

good fortune

I have often have to give known men in America to up work because they could neither get food nor shelter.ioo A Man it. have lost the work. as hard as in he could. of in man course. There was a each gang of shovellers who was secretly paid a quarter of a dollar a day more than the rest. to half- give up work in less than an hour because the pace was This sort of murder-work so killing. Adrift to would have I was lucky enough be taken by one of the timberers to his But for that I would boarding-house. Added to this. starved gives the answer to the question as to why there are so many tramps in the men have . for the contractor only a month. system of The " A ning was in vogue there. and I could not have paid once waited round for the sake of a dollar and my day's a half. shovelling in this sewer was very " runhard work indeed. He would work. the sun was burning the life out of one. and in addition to it pay. and anyone the gang who could not or would not keep up with him was at once discharged. I have seen poor.

to in- the world attaches dignity . and. I had all a strained. I have tried both. worked there or four days unloading in the sand-scows harbour of Vancouver. After the day's work I as if could lie was so tired that I felt down and die. sore feeling I over my body. time. and I was able to draw what money was coming to me and to go on my way. Right here I would like to explode the fallacy to the effect that extreme intellectual labour is more severe than extreme manual labour. is certainly less monotonous. in the cleaner in the second place there are no degrading conditions in the third place. I 101 was glad when the end of the month came. Give me It is intellectual labour first every place .Shovelling United States. surrounding it it . cents The pay was rate first thirty an hour a of three dollars I a day. is Perhaps the hardest shovelling of all I had an exthe shovelling of sand. and I must say that my verdict is. real Again. was hardly able to eat my supper. of this in perience I British Columbia.

The people who prate of the superior exhaustive quality of brain labour not are tried invariably people both. while the dignity that is attached to manual labour smacks too much of the legendary and mythical. the thing that . In the shovelling of clay or coal. it.102 A Man Adrift tellectual labour. much harder work to shovel than is so gravel or cinders. or anybreaks up unevenly. The muscles get no chance to rest or recover. To be just. But let us go back to the art of The reason that sand shovelling sand. I must admit that it is a politic thing to let the navvy know with all all about the hardships of intellectual labour. is because every time you sink your shovel into the sand you get exactly the same amount and weight upon efforts you have to make off are absolutely uniform. however. or coal or clay. They give who have forth their judgment the confidence of ignorance. and the it in pitching Making the same effort of strength through several hours at a stretch is most tiring.

which were drawn off by mules and dumped somewhere outWe were paid at the side the town. enough to cause a relaxing and tightening of still is the muscles get some chance to rest and recover through the variation Thus of the efforts made. rate After working the first half day. and we shovelled laid. Slight though this difference in made may be. me a little bit. and one had to jerk the shovel hard in the This didn't suit pitching to get it off. My sole aim when as easily I was I navvying was to work as . got a job with a roadwith others. it continuous the muscles. Vancouver I making gang. of two dollars and a half a day. worked I. The clay was apt to stick. up the soil so that the stones could be The soil was clay.Shovelling efforts 103 pitching vary with the different weights and sizes that get upon the shovel. it into the carts. I hit upon a scheme for making the shovelling easier. And at the end of the day a man is nothing near so tired as he would be after a day's work In at shovelling sand.

therefore.IO4 A Man shovel the that it Adrift possibly could without getting the sack. After a time. Thus when I pitched. a The reason for this because particular of muscles are developed out of all The man who proportion to the rest. will be slow and awkward. has become muscle-bound will find. if he ever gets into a fight. a man who works at being easier begin to find himself I mean that he getting muscle-bound. The result was was always half-filled I with clay. but it My certainly possessed the tangible merit of for Shovelling myself. as far as regard for the interest of the contractor was concerned. will find himself getting slow and stiff shovelling will and set clumsy in his is movements. and always . immoral. a full shovel's weight to swing each time. of course. only threw. half a shovelful into the cart at every pitch. that he can He give but a bad account of himself. but I saved the method was decidedly extra jerk. I did not give the necessary jerk. I had. hardly develops a feeling for ethics.

for the And good when you are prodding him of his health. All you have to do is to keep out from him. the way be of the other man's stronger than his opponent. to have to say that my once-upon-a-time He may much portion to his comrade. see that he doesn't get hold of you. . is the easiest man going to beat in a fight. the navvy.Shovelling in 105 blows. but he will be unable to strike a blow that is anywhere near in proIt grieves me strength.

told at The to foreman. 19 was late in the afternoon when I got a job at Shaft Connelly. He where the meals were was pounding on a gong. look round generally. IT AT SHAFT 19. and a mattress. 1 06 .IX. so I went night shift over to the shanty to wait for supper. I after the same way was glad when for I six o'clock came supper-time my fast that day. The sleeping something bunks are arranged in the fo'castle In each were two blankets of a ship. Chinaman stood outside the A of the shanty served. and see which bunk bunks shanty that I would have to were in arranged in sleep the in. Tom me come on with the seven o'clock. and had not yet broken I had walked up the from New York into bargain a door distance of about eighteen miles.

from all places around. spring up out of the was to get to the first laying of the table. What shanty ! a mob of us there was in the Eating and drinking and shoutand laughing and talking. German. The idea Missing it would mean that you would have to wait. all represented. Nothing that of the down- trodden atmosphere about them. The supper was good and wholesome. They seemed to ground. and there was plenty of it cold. sliced meat. from the sleeping-shanty. too. The white races of the grime earth were nearly English. They from had the magnetism comes actual contact with the earth.At Men Shaft 19 107 rushed from every direction from the mouth of the shaft. They were ing a grimy mob. There is a difference between and dirt. where a load of grimed navvies were pouring forth from the up-cage. I didn't miss it. And other languages. noisy crowd. steaming hot coffee and tea. and Russian spoken and shouted all at once. good . You heard French. It was a jolly. but not a dirty mob. to be sure.

sweet corn. We were ready to There were two go down the shaft. They steep sides of the shaft.io8 A Man I Adrift bread and butter. a powerful spring suddenly pushed out two immense steel claws or catches. orders to this effect in You I heard badly-twisted languages of After meal. a mountain. which fastened on to the . as the other went One went up cages. and let down by a powerwere pulled up ful engine that stood off about thirty If the wire yards away. all it I kinds. The corners of them fitted into slides that were fastened along the straight. and fragrant. busy. potatoes. felt enjoyed that that I could tackle At seven of o'clock I stood with a crowd men in the cage. How knives and rattled ! forks " and ! plates clashed and Hey " ! here John. down. rushing Chinaman. broke to which the cage was suspended. bring us some more meat a fellow would shout to the silent. After all. fell to like in life a wolf. there well is a lot when you can the eat and heartily. sliced tomatoes that were delicious.

lined with huge timbers. Some of the crowd had candles. and tin oil little kettle-shaped hats. We seemed stopped to suddenly. the shaft was but eight hundred feet deep. Suddenly we sank down into the thick black gloom of the shaft. at And which we were sinking was it seemed as if we were after never going to get to the bottom. to what though me be an eternity. lamps fastened in the front of their These hats were shaped like sailors' so as to sou'-westers. They So said could wait calmly till help the man who invented the spring and catches. . and the men were saved from being dashed to death at the bottom. I caught a little blurred glimpse of a straight. came. Candles and lamps were lighted now as we were sinking down the shaft. keep the water which dripped from the roof of the tunnel from going down their necks. threatening I black wall. Thus the cage was held. a sinking sensation in the pit of the stomach.At Shaft 19 109 big wooden beams lining the shaft. and a whizzing in the head. felt The pace terrific.

and to drink. thousands of men were at work. burrow. It was a mule drawing a car along clank! the line of short-gauge rails which ran along the floor of the tunnel from the north and south headings to the bottom The headings were the of the shaft. There were twenty-eight drip of water. The contractors boarded them at the rate of four dollars a week. As we clank! stood in the tunnel It we heard a sounded weirdly and curiously through the stillness and darkness. the roof of the tunnel which ran north and south into the could hear in places the steady drip. and a dollar and a half a day was the lowest wages paid. Out of the cage we standing beneath got. north and south. till The human gnomes would the tunnels all met and formed one great tunnel Through this tunnel twenty-eight miles long. extreme points north and south to which . north and south. burrow. tunnels extending from Croton to New One York. water was to come from Croton for the people of New York It was a tremendous job.no A Man Adrift and we were now earth.

into position their machines the foot of the bench was a great mass of broken rock. which full.At the rock. had tramped slowly along the tunnel in were up about five hundred yards. drillers Shaft 19 pierced in through the had Now we We We the north heading. I was in the pick- gang at the bottom of the bench a huge mass of rock shaped like a step. on the top of which was the narrow heading where the machine men and and-sbovel their helpers were now and getting drills. Then would be hoisted . Other and got our and machines men were following us from the next down-cage. This we had to At load into the car. but enough for us do the work. belonged to the north heading gang. when bottom by the mule to the cage at the it of the shaft. Our light came from candles and lamps and torches ranged along the wall near us A fitful. picks and shovels and drills from a car on the way. to see to uncertain light. was drawn. shattered out from the bench and heading by the dynamiteblast of the last shift.

Up above us in the heading the machine drills were whirring. smooth faces of the seven -pound sledges as they were swung round and round by strong-armed. In down perpendicularly awkward parts of the heading. which we had pushed up ourselves from a little siding. pieces of rock our hands. or bench. crouching men. crunching and Holes were being drilled at an angle from either side of the heading. so that the dynamite would blow eating into the rock. men were hand- would look up and see flashing the bright. I Now and then The grimy men. we lifted into big the car with for the The We used our shovels small and crumbled pieces. Clang clang clang sledges were striking the heads of the steel hand -drills as they were being ! ! ! turned and held into the rock by peering. drilling. Holes were being drilled into the bench. While the mule was away we were loading up another car. where a machine drill could not be got to work. Whirrrr whirrrr .H2 A Man Adrift up and dumped out on the ground on top. out triangular sections of the rock.

dripping down had to look us from the roof. deep down.At whirrrr Shaft the 19 113 were going machine-drills. and the power of blood and bone and muscle. We way us. jagged rock crashed past dripping. much. fighting and crushing our way through the dark hidden rock. and shouts of " as a fellow Look out there would pinch down with " I a lever a big piece of rock from the top of would jump out of the the bench. We all were gnomes gathered here from H parts of . upon out for the roof. It was a chaos of whirring and crunching and ringing of driven steel and hissing of the escaping exhaust of air and crushing of rocks into the car. for now and then in Water was We the tunnels pieces fell from above and men were killed. Fighting our way with and air and hammers and bursting steel frightful dynamite. driven by compressed air. We were gnomes buried deep. along. as the great. We But we didn't think of that just worked and worked There was a curious overpowering smell of earth penetrating everything.

A Man We Adrift In were working down fitful glarings were as blind men fighting. with the fellow if working alongside Even you know his language.eight tunnels going as we were going fifty- six headings in in all. of The work was navvying more interesting than work usually. And at the same time there were twenty . iron rock We But that were slowly fighting in blackness. solid.H4 the earth. of light could see nothing but blackness. one hardly noticed the time The noise and the curious picturesqueness of the surroundings gave You could carry on a one a stimulus. Fifty-six gangs of gnomes who all time would meet. in And were going a straight line abso- lutely guided by the sure. shouting didn't conversation you. Hour heading hour passed in the north Shaft 19. piercing eye after of Science. so going. at least you . and darkness and shadows and We We rock old with the age of thousands upon thousands of centuries. for all that we were going in a line was straight absolutely.

Some of down with cold tea the fellows produced bottles of beer which We they had stowed to say. darkness. If men spoke tones. for exchange some ideas the navvies had a tunnel Shaft I slang as sailors have a ship slang. or water. Twelve o'clock was upon us before we knew where we were. was brought down for us in big baskets to left the the bottom of the shaft. and walked down the and sat on and around the down- washed it cage to eat our grub. in a body. and gloom was falling upon us. they spoke the drip ! in low. 19 was not the first shaft at which had worked.At could Shaft to 19 115 manage with him. You would part of the hardly that we were same at crowd who had had supper together seven o'clock in the evening. This meal was a quiet one. None of us had much The spell of midnight. so I knew the ropes. away in safe places. and we stopped to cold luncheon get something to eat. ! subdued And drip of the water . A We heading tunnel. at all. The sudden silence after the noise and movement believe affected us.

for was carrying frightful might mean sudden and death for every man . They as were becoming so o'clock silent. as But was as into if using picks the life of tools men had gone if the and they were but attendant At half-past five we had cleared up all the loose rocks. and we were back again in the heading. they were round as ghosts. were carefully carried up into the heading. to blast. mers and the They were swinging hamrocks and it and shovels. about a foot and a half square each.n6 A Man Adrift from the roof gave a weirdness to the overhanging silence. it man who of us. It was one o'clock in the morning now. rocks ghosts. The work was going on as before. long night. and two silent o'clock into three o'clock. Men lifting moved like phantoms. We had The they drillers were getting ready were sponging out through the the holes drilled And then two wooden boxes. but there was a difference in the men. If a box fell from the arms of the it. And one merged into two o'clock.

The shock was all -seizing.At each box was Shaft 19 117 It filled with dynamite. braced yourself hard it was all the worse for you. tell what amount of shock One can never it off. shape of big cartridges from ten to twelve inches long. and got waited. By this time the holes in the bench filled. to The best way stand the tremendous. yourself Even your power of will could make no . and therefore knew what was coming. some distance behind them. ing I near had been down in tunnels before when the the dynamite had been set off by connecting battery. will set We and which loaded up the picks and shovels drills and machines be into two cars tunnel far we pushed down to the enough away from the actual Then we destroying effect of the blast. horrible shock to let was If you go limp. He touched if off. primed and and the heading boss was standheading us the and were ready to touch off dynamite with an electric battery. Dynamite is was in the an ugly thing to handle.

intact just as is the exploding powder in the bore of a cannon. if along a in a direct In fact.n8 A Man Adrift In fact. After the blast we got into the cage and went up into the clear morning air. it would headway against it be better if you did not know it was coming at all. your will were struck violently and horribly. your brain. It was fine to see and feel it after being down in the darkness for eleven hours. your blood. the And after that shanty to get we turned in. without being dashed to death. it was as you were standing inside a gigantic You felt the shock of death cannon. Its power was confined and kept line. . It was summer-time. Imagine it! You were two hundred yards away from a terrific explosion that rushed space twenty by twenty feet. and the sun was up. Your body. ourselves We over washed to and then went breakfast.

but the inhabitants say that.X. out. night night year roll. year whirr. Americanised. It is a French town. for has become out. and that ever hanging over New But the town is gay and bright of life. ever. IN PRISON NEW ORLEANS upon a swamp. the town will be swept away by the overThus there is rushing of the great river. the waters of which are eighteen inches higher than the level of the town. balls cards shuffle The gambling-houses 119 are on Royal . Here Wheels on for gambling goes on in day in in day out. some time or another. is a picturesque town built It lies in the form of a crescent round a bend of the Mississippi. a shadow full Orleans. A levee has been built to protect it.

If a man has no to get himself a place to sleep at money he may go in and sit down. is men to a common How Market! quaint and beautiful the French Here may be got the most the world. The after gold a passion that brings level. night. lust no one notices or is criticises. tions. An a Around is in the market is the huny and But there bustle of buying and selling. Its delicious coffee in effect upon one wine.120 Street. may serve it to you across stall. in the hurry and bustle a . It is like that of some rare old warms and soothes from crown old negro. The tramp may rich. jostle elbows with the well-groomed blood. They are fitted up in luxurious They may be blamable institu- but at least they are democratic. He is welcome to share the light and warmth. white-capped and white-aproned. A man need not be ashamed of meanness for of dress. and there is no one to censure or to eject. A Man Adrift fashion. or how disreputable and low down the appearance. All may enter. it matters not how shabby the attire. to toe.

the Creole patois negroes pass. and horses and up bunches of flowers drivers shower carts back and start again . and you possess a dime.In Prison suggestion of 121 not the It is languor. and is lit up by lights. chattering . If benedictions. which shine from the tops It is . you get there between I have gone into this certain saloon fast. electric very wide. cry out the merits of their wares in shrill. you may go to a saloon on the corner of Royal Street and get a sumptuous free lunch as much as ever you can eat of the best food. and a dish of delicious soup hours. flower-girls arrange . suffering from a twenty-four hours' and full have come out into the street again and satisfied. A if from the chef will serve you with a cut joint. People hurry and bustle of the North. Canal Street at night presents one of the most beautiful city sights of the world. baskets are you are hard up and hungry in this town. promiscuous everywhere. wheezy tie voices . and at peace with the I world in general.

extending along for miles. clear. But in the air there lurks disease. dread and foul. who work dogs during the day for roustabouting on a Mississippi steamboat is the hardest it about New air is full and forget imaginable at night over their songs. ! work A bright and and golden. On the levee at night the negro roustabouts collect together and sing quaint. Orleans Its strange town. and the harmonic lot effects they get are peculiar and beautiful. happy-go-lucky like of They are a fellows. But still ******* it lies is the town for bright and gay under the shadow of destruction. In this town I spent a month in prison. Overhanging is the eternal threat of the river.122 of columns. A Man Adrift in the These columns stand centre of the street. voices. and its sunshine And beautiful orange In trees are in the gardens. Often they have fine strange part-songs. The effect of the lights piercing in a straight line through the distance is fine. the clearness hangs death. .

I pointed out to him the injustice of the whole thing." But he was obdurate." concluded the policeman. and how much money we had. When I found out that he was really going to do what he said. in in sight. He at once began to question us as to who we were. will arrest the three of you. and what we were going to do.of unloading from a ship.In Prison I 123 was standing on the levee talking with two other sailors. and asked him if that were the way they did things in the " Land of the Free. when a policeman came along. " How much money have dollars. matter. . I explained to him that we were for a job . " you have ten If show me I that dollars apiece. I had a notion to knock him down and get But there were other policemen away. and it would only have ended our being shot. and that we had freight been working together lately on John " No Diamond's plantation. We submitted to the arrest." he on the look-out said. " you ? I had two and the other fellows you can't had none.

It is easy for it and natural to make merry with people who are in the same boat as yourself. I sent out for I some beer with the two dollars had we were allowed this privilege if we paid and we made merry. voice. The fact of being arrested did not seem to weigh much on any of us.124 A Man levee. of us had had the requisite ten dollars So necessary to ensure us our liberty. The man who sang but he was born had not been a slave. mournful timbre. we made the best of it. Through it ran the sadness of the life of the slave. with the sense of the degradation of being and bought and sold. and sang One negro had a most beautiful It was a voice of sweet. He sang "Carry me back to Ole Virginny" the song of the slave who had been sold flogged. We told stories. . songs. Adrift We were shut up on the taken. compared notes. and that night we were with some others in the calaboose There were about twenty of us in all negroes and white men. We were comforted by the curious philosophy that None goes with poverty and misfortune.

and power took the precaution all the strangers they could They were afraid the lay their hands on. And so the night wore away. seems that an election was going the party in on. After all. did Why the the party in power not bribe strangers themselves was rather a puzzle.In Prison 125 away from the place where he was born. we were nothing but white and black slaves together. of arresting Such a simple thing as the stranger being an alien could be easily got over by supplying him with a name and an address. This negro sang more than anyone else. but they could even make a profit on them while in prison . is The buying and the staple selling of votes one of industries of the United States. It was not till a long time after that I It learned the real reason of our arrest. His voice seemed to chime in with the spirit of the situation. for they would give them no money. It may have been that it was cheaper to clap them into not only have to gaol. other side would bribe them to vote.

but afraid I am only produced a bad Americans don't him. freedom. prejudice I had inherited a against everything English with my Irish blood. For the the I my life was proud to own that I was an Englishman. while America only boasted in a blatant way about them. and strong. impression upon like their country or their institutions to that I be criticised. We were sent to prison for a month. everything was said and done. I said I was glad that Fate had so willed it that I had been born in the north of England. I talked like this to the Justice. England was absolutely the freest country in the She practised the principles of world. . But now After my prejudice had received a shock. their Adrift maintenance to the When we Justice stiff were brought up before the spoke out first time in I next morning.A Man by charging up State.

for it will require but a slight effort of his intellect to show him that he is being made a scapegoat to suffer because that he is being made been bold enough to realise in action an idea he shares in common with other he has The* partition that separates the criminal from what is called the honest men. He His into its most obscure fold and depth. The small. the whole of his mind as it were sees passes in review before him. a habit man who is given to the of thinking passes through many Shut off from the world mental stages. imagination becomes freer more powerful.In Prison 127 ii IN prison. harsh world into which he has it. outside. which he effect is The made reason. or crime. ripening for experience. to suffer can have no upon him in the way of making him downcast. been thrown has no power to cramp He passes through a curious. . man is made of the thinnest tissue paper imaginable.

together the negroes were put I don't In the daytime we shared in common the freedom of The negroes and whites themselves distinction apart. but contempt. in two great cells. for Better In men I than I had committed bitterly It crime. but the it certainly contempt Indeed. the big yard. it for desperate law-breaker. The whites were herded Where know. I fact.128 A Man in Adrift HAD committed no crime. usually kept race however. But for the failures and hard-ups and unfortunates the law has not only punishment. regretted that had to not done something. was so stupid has be thrown into prison for nothing. There was a white captain of the yard . There were about as many negroes as whites in this prison. but that I was none the better I I realised that. shows practically that it has a respect for him. The no law punishes. perhaps The was more sharply drawn here than in the world outside.

I . We could We wore the clothes in which we were For food we were given a small loaf of bread each day. and unfortunate. This was of their respective races. carried heavy clubs.In Prison and a black captain of the yard in 129 prisoners favour with the chief warder. for it made the time hang talk wearily on one's hands. enough to satisfy us. used to wake up at night dreaming that I was When we were eating plentifully. and a pint of alleged coffee in the morning and The bread was nothing near evening. with each other. no work for the prisoners to do beyond the cleaning out of the cells. sentenced. Everyone of us suffered from hunger. eating the bread for we would carefully watch fell. I was hungry I during the whole month I was there. however. off to told keep order who were amongst the men These captains they had the power to knock down any man who was There was disorderly or insubordinate. and pick up and eat the crumbs that astonishing It is can taste when a how delicious dry bread man is really hungry.

a judge. They were based on the same principles as the laws governing a country or any society modified. wolf-like in There were about fifty men in the cell which I was. We had a president. aptitude for the exercise of any function. and other If a man showed a particular officers. clear. and when he came back again to the prison he was . These laws had been made by prisoners. he was remembered for it. Now a nigger would clutch a loaf from a white man. and had been handed from one set to another for years. prisoners. of course. and we governed ourwhile in there selves by a code of laws. a sheriff. Now the white from him again. man would And as they tear it fought they would send out sharp. The warders would stand off enjoying it.130 A Man Adrift To amuse themselves the warders would sometimes pitch loaves of bread to the The sight was most sickening. wolves for the bread. by the surroundings. Hungry white men and black men would sprawl and fighting like tumble in a heap together. cries.

for this belt. must say that the judge allowed the end me I rather a free hand.In Prison elected possible. I crime was a severe "paddling. One of the laws of the cell was that no man should steal another's bread. cell. The trial was rather long. cross-examined the witnesses for the I prosecution. issue issue at stake treated in the was a grave one. And in won my My speech for the defence was applauded. The was law. and the man was let go. a man did flogging with a Whilst was steal another man's bread/ He as was found out and tried for the offence. if were at all The warders never interfered with the laws of the prisoners." as it was there. case. and same spirit that a grave a recognised court of would be in The the I chief warder stood at the door of listening to the trial. 131 it to the office. The punishment called. . of the the cell The judge counsel for appointed me defence. trial and was as serious as a could be.

. with blue eyes and an indomitable expression of talked of burglary as a would talk of any other profession. had been ignominiously gathered in with the rest of us. men under There was one man in spent a good deal of He was a burglar a particular.132 A Man rv Adrift How above clear and beautiful was in ! the sky us the great spent the day about. and so could not help thinking that his was a profession which called into play a tremendous amount The burglar of daring and natural talent. He man He when knew every to twist and turn of on. because he. could not show ten dollars. who had time in prisons. Also there was a young English fellow He was little more from Birmingham. too. or sit We yard where we would walk or lounge tell down and each other our histories with the frankness of a common ban. most intelligent-looking man. it break into a house the kind of house I to break into. face.

and tortured by means of stretching and twisting the The place where this joints of his legs. doing something. Though there pline.. Men was punished were bound up and torreally a tured in a contrivance called the stocks. The stocks was rack. while the other saw that all he turned out his wealth. He thought that we would do well if we took the road It took two. well. he explained. than a boy. and I seemed to take his fancy. still was the hardly any discibreaking of the few exist prison-rules that did terribly. hold up a man properly one to cover him fellow with the pistol. I must confess that the idea had for me I a great charm. one could live and there was the excitement of never knowing what would turn up next. a trifle hard. racking was done was in a small shanty . And at the worst I would have the consolation of into gaol for knowing that had got Besides. to together. This young with blue eyes. A man was tied up. laid upon it.In Prison 133 He had a fine. had been a highway robber. open face.

groups. and the negro " a white son of a Com. The cries of the tortured man seemed to get into the blood. is a upon us as we listened to it We stood in in the yard was awful. the sense of distinction of race was We were fellow-prisoners before negroes or whites." called me We ing from the mouth of a black man.134 A Man racked. I man would be myself came near being racked through having a quarrel with a negro. had some dispute. and affect the beating The cowed negroes and of the heart whites would fully. this . cowed and disheartened. look at each other fear- In these horrible moments even lost. Adrift painted black which stood off over in I never saw a the corner of the yard. man I but I have . of a The screaming The effect man thing that can never in agony be forgotten. for no one knew whose turn would come next. we were After being tortured the taken to the hospital. seen a man hustled into the shanty and afterwards have heard him groaning and screaming.

looked up at the negro and waited. if possible. could was lying on my upon me. raised me clean over his realise it I head. I was completely at my opponent's mercy. but he didn't strike. His fist was raised. ing flat on the ground. and then jumped at the negro. and as I was backing away from him he suddenly the instead simply turned his flung his arms himself. ready to knock him down when he got He up for again. I had fallen a victim to a trick back. and try as I might I was unable to move. went down. I had no idea what he was up to. I made of a mistake.In Prison insult 135 was the most odious imaginable. round and Before flung I my ankles. striking him twice in the face. I . According to the feeling of white men in the Southern States I would have been justified in I shooting him dead. stepped back. getting up body round and got upon his hands and knees. with the negro's weight Both my shoulders were touch- commonly practised by the roustabouts. But here negro. Then I stood over him.

man. " It's a damned good job he said. The was in for I man who did. "Who to thought. he got up from me suddenly and helped me to my feet. On Sundays we attended Divine Ser- . His eyes blazed as he laid hand heavily on it. The black man was magnanimous.136 As I A Man Adrift was wondering what would be the reason of this. struck first?" he demanded. I felt my time had come. He spared me. you're a white as he turned away. looked into the warder's face. my shoulder. My colour had saved me. I would be And fear came over me as I tortured. around Just as the crowd that had collected us was dispersing. For thing was over in a few some reason or another the black captain of the yard who was standing near ignored the fight. chief the warder came I running his up." This was the end of the incident. The whole seconds." struck first would be the man be racked! "I I said.

would have understood us absolutely. or would it be better for me to go and rob and live easy. His image was there before us. Strange thoughts used to to come into full my mind as I listened the rich. knelt before the altar on the same terms as other men. be better for me to work like a dog and a slave. . do when I Would it got out into the world again. showing Him as He suffered an awful and ignominious death. it 137 this.In Prison vice. tones of the organ playing in the little I wondered what I should prison church. The Man whose name would live while the world lasted had been a tramp and He a criminal. the founder of our religion And indeed was One who was hard up and despised. for We We all looked forward to was a pleasure and a relief to feel that one was a man once more. and take my chance? Or would some curious stroke of luck happen to me that would lift me out of my present groove? Honesty and labouring with the hands only brought degradation and contempt. if only for an hour.

Ministers of religion were traitors who of warped the teachings of Christ so that themselves and the State might profit. To conquer the underhand world. As a rule the criminals who were put in prison were those whose crimes savoured somewhat of nobility. would sooner Christ theft. took them. and undtrhand thing essence after all ? violence was even but right Was the very subtle of ? Religion a hypocrisy . I thought again. and lying. that to follow out the teaching of the Galilean impossible? Could it be the that cowardly theft and meanness. It off scot- was said that it vengeance over- was only said. But use blinking the fact? I thought. and What was the violence had to be used. The but mean.138 The upon theft A Man as Adrift was based society in which we lived the principle of theft. cunning. Not such the burglar's cowardly. Or was could it be. safe theft. fraud. have taken the hand of the burglar than the hand of the business man. meanest and worst criminals got free.

1 and no questions asked. at degrees colder than the surBesides. eyes. exhausted condition. while the temperature of the air was about eighty far degrees. would be fun but this warder thought it to give him a cold bath. I need only state that the water of the river if was not from freezing point. least forty The water must have been air. into the bath-house. understand what effect this water would have used even upon a strong man. Nothing was ever said The body was trundled away. committed by saw it done with my own about it. rounding the man was already in a weak. The warder played the hose upon him as he crouched and shivered in the bath. stripped.In Prison 139 ONE day a murder was I one of the warders. A prisoner was suffering from pellagra. . He ought to have been sent at once to the hospital. He was taken and a stream of Mississippi water was To fully played upon him from the hose.

and placed my hand It was still. then. " Dead as a stone. " Lift I him out. lifted got into the bath and this out the body. then. dead. A cart was brought. either Nothing more was said about him or over him. The man I reached. for was in the bath-house at the time. The Lift him out. by the huddled-up way in which he was lying. Are you sure " ? he asked me." was his service. "He's The warder stopped the hose and came " over to the side of the bath." he ordered. over his heart." I said. " " Isn't he sham- ming ? and turned the dead man over on his side. cleaning up the I knew the man was dead floor. and I lifted the murdered man in. The warder was still playing the hose upon him.140 I A Man Adrift than a minute. I and he was dead in less saw the whole thing. I . and he was trundled away. had gone. And warder's burial " was the end of him." I said to the warder." "Let up.

whom I I could go New have Still. just as he were a when I the end of the month drew elation as I near.In Prison don't 141 if dog. To be hungry straight on end for a whole month is terrible. Going out would felt mean I parting from them. But where would I I get the meal from I when did get out. had no money. ******* Curiously enough. a lot to a let out with me Companionship means drifts man who about the world alone. know where. I did not feel as much thought should feel at the I prospect of getting my liberty again. to my liberty. in time one would get used to suppose almost any I I set thing that surroundings. thought of most was getting a of The the full chance would have of meal again. and to there in was no one Orleans. So when the morning came for my . would be glad But I had grown to like some that I of my fellow-prisoners. would drift away from the two men who would be on the same day.

It would be a fine thing to walk around. The ones I had on were common and shabby-looking. came to unlock the He my name with some and we followed him out into the warder called out . The The young Birmingham fellow had gone out a couple of days before. others. felt afraid to face things And somehow The again. Besides.142 release I I A Man felt Adrift rather sad. my power surroundings and the bad food had taken the spirit out of me. month's forced inaction had lessened of initiative. me that had better face circumcould tell stances alone. said he would be on hand to meet when I came out. and shook hands with my mates in the cell when door. And who I ! what might turn of a street might on the corner up? find a purse Then I would go and buy myself a good breakfast a first-class breakfast and after I would get myself some clothes. spirits began to rise. But I felt that He me this it was rather a struck forlorn I hope. clean. My I feeling like a man once more.

Here. thought. after some formality. out through the great gate. . and as fast as I hurried away could. As I crossed the street a was passing by looked and. I at woman who me curiously. pityingly.In Prison 143 we were let the yard and into the office of the prison. I A feeling of shame came over me.

water the yellow water of the big river had The made a twelve-hundred-yard crevasse in the levee below New Orleans. Sale fact was the place where was The 144 . two-hundred-mile of The water was so high that steamboats were plying over the country between Bayou Sale and New Orleans. the west. and there seemed to be no chance for I me to go in the direction wished to go. It was swallowing up the country from three the south. Water. was everywhere Mississippi. I wanted to go east. directions The only of escape was by a narrow strip of way hill-land which ran to the north up into Texas. I Bayou at.XLNO I MONEY! WAS puzzled as to what to do. the east. The country was flooded. But between me and sheet the town was a water. to New Orleans.

belongings up the narrow strip of They were homeless. So their began to think. had been flooded the to Those who had money New pay their way were going Orleans on the steamboats. She was moored K . fare. to majority of them were going up north the way I didn't want But the great to go. been all right I could have tramped it. flashed Suddenly the way out of the difficulty upon me. I cursed my But I to swim it was a large niggers order.No Money of the steamboats 145 running to where I wanted to go did not help me. I had no money to pay my luck for being in Louisiana If things had during the flood season. And there was a good and sufficient reason. What a fool I had ! been off Why. however. Passing families their me were and carrying what they could of hill-land. They out. it was as easy as rolling A a log. steamboat was to go to New Orleans to a in half an hour.

But I had long ago realised that risks to get one must take some life. come round for fares till the boat had horribly at been out tell at least an hour. My plan was a The collector would not simple one. You'd have thought I owned it. one could see the awful desolation caused by the flood. that I Then I would him calmly couldn't had no off into money.146 tree rise A Man in Adrift slight which stood on the top of a the ground. I nodded to the swearing. nigger abouts were getting freight aboard her. was that they might The have me only danger arrested when we got to New Orleans. This would mean a month's imprisonment at least. As The country had been covered . They put me the water they couldn't turn back and they couldn't eat me. I swaggered on to the steamboat with an air of lordly ease. through So I waited. the boat steamed along. raucous-voiced mate. and the big white mate was blaspheming The roust- them as was the custom.

in my reverie by He was standing The moment had come. was hand. straight " into his eyes. and I have no money. We and villages. passed by immersed towns All that was to be seen of them were the tops of the highest houses and the spires of their churches. crop. had been The been horses and cows and sheep were floating about. It was a scene of ruin and desolation. The crisis Now I must play my I part. else 147 The sugar everything bodies of houses. or had up on Occasionally a wooden house was to be seen floating on to the high land." speaking I matter-of-fact might flood have or in been I way. fashion. and ruined. He smiled He thought was . its side. of me. looked smiled easily. about the the weather. said in a calm. I was awakened from front at I the collector of fares. made I the remark a casual also.No Money as with a great winding sheet. property. They had either left behind become unmanageable when the owners tried to drive them in the hurry. waiting.

either." ^ "You take damned . still smiling.148 A Man Adrift joking. my reason for coming aboard the boat must be plain you. was surely not in earnest. But I gave him a second and And then the repeated my assertion. Come on. Of " That's all right. Shell out!" He had evidently seen my lordly swagger as I came on to the boat. " " in hell do you mean then?" aboard the boat. the situation. "What coming asked." to I replied. had come the conclusion that style at once to of that when a man and ease said he was hard up he smile. As you the will is probably flooded." he said. left Orleans. by he My dear man. have noticed. and became indignant. I I country And can't very well New was. putting two and two together. He grasped smile died from his face. and. couldn't I I swim to stop where I So to did for me do it the only thing came on board. I course. and Americans have always time " for the appreciation of a joke. guess." easy.

face." I had taken the man's measure in had taken the measure of the I fact. And. There was a risk of my getting used up.No Money "Of course. Besides. in playing a . whole situation. fellow's "Ho!" gall to he shouted to the " blaspheming. I to from head to eyed him too." He laughed a he remarked." " You're a beauty. I'm not gaol yet. raucous. happen.voiced mate. " I've a good mind to winding up with He knock hell out of you. doesn't know what's going in little. and getting into gaol into the bargain. let forth a torrent of blasphemy. 149 want You don't me to weep about it. do you?" " Do you know that we can put you in gaol for this " " ? I Of course all know to it. He was a hard big. But one I have weighed that. with a brutal. My only chance was ." out the money pay The mate came forward and eyed me foot. stiff. unafraid game. cool. powerful fellow. anyway. This with- had the come aboard his fare.

150 I A Man Adrift to going up him.in the eyes." I replied. there's an end of it. I'd like to see you or any other man on the boat try it on. If I've broken the law. behaved very decently . an) how. Do he you mind working your passage?" concluded suddenly. Come down into the stokehole and get New pass coal." He hole. and when Orleans you can help we to unload freight. knocking decided instantly as to the handling of the mate. had to do what did. I'll take the consequences when I I get to I New and Orleans. but you've got grit. Well." He But I glared at me. partner. and moved slightly. Then kept my eye hard on his. by the way." I. and looking him straight and hard " Don't talk of . " his face softened a little. " Look said close here. damn me. Perhaps we won't go hard on you. brought and left me down me with into the stoke- the firemen who. " Not a bit. "All to right. hell out of me.

" he said. I shovel any coal for them. afraid of the mate. was in New Orleans. hand had brought down news to me. the mate called me back. As everyone was stock went up. When we got there I helped to unload the freight. and drink. and faced up I Royal Street. I And when this was going down the gang-plank. I And. my They gave me a of which I stiff pull of whisky was in need and they gave me some They wouldn't let me grub. as agreed. .No Money They were white men. just lay and chatted till the journey's end. 151 A of deck- how I had tackled the collector and the mate. "Get a was done." thanks. taking the quarter with went ashore. " Here's a quarter.

Fort Donald was on the east side of the great mountain chain. But it wasn't so charitable. All one had to do was you pay the Canadian Company a dollar. Carrying a man three thousand miles for a dollar seems to be a charitable sort of deed for a railway company to indulge in. when suddenly an idea struck me to go out to the HAD been Rockies. For to Pacific Railroad this they carried to Fort Donald. when you came simply wanted ing of to look into it. after all. and was loafing around Toronto. They to ship labourers into the Rockies so as to use them for the build- snow sheds.XII. Going was the easiest thing in the world. in British Columbia a place three thousand miles west of Toronto. A snow shed is a great wooden platform built along the 15* . I THROUGH THE ROCKIES sailoring on Lake Ontario.

night after I nerves. stopped at a little town on the edge A We of Lake Superior. gave one an impression of vastness. and. train. It took us five days to get to our descontinuous railtination. The brain had adopted the sensation permanently. the rocks to take a drink from the The water was the clearest water . weather. got upon the day. above all. I. steady. climbed down lake. longed a sailing vessel. and five days 1 way swift after travelling is no joke.Through mountain side the the Rockies 153 to for the purpose of keeping snow from sliding down on the railway track. The country we passed through was wild and fine. or even for the awkward pitching of a steamer in for the rolling of heavy smooth. day after night. country of mountains and great rivers and lakes. The. Here we got out of with some others. the train. It seemed as if the grinding whirr of the wheels Even beneath us would go on for ever. going hour rumble of the hour. when the train stopped at a station one still could feel this whirr.

prairie. It stretched out wide and far like a great sea. vast I upon. there was something Indeed. and. The waters were And till then the train went on and on entered the stretching. although the sun shone out strongly. death-like in its coldness. Off out in it I could see the glint of deep. It seemed it to me almost more wide and itself. depth. black which tells of immense blue. stretching horizon . lone than the ocean Looking out sense of grass- upon brought upon stillness. It was a lake to sail I would scarcely have liked forbidding waters. it immense. was made was to stop for the life chilled out of the boat could so cold. with lake. cold. deep whenever a steamer in had heard said that sailor fell overboard from a effort Lake Superior no and rescue him. one a from awe and covered A limitless plain. chill. man long before a be lowered. I had never seen the prairie before.154 I A Man Adrift had ever seen. A it beautiful. it was cold and fresh.

. hailing parts of the world. last At we came to the foot-hills of the Rockies. seen tough things done through drinking whisky.Through to the Rockies to 155 horizon. Whisky is a bad thing. and seeming begin and end in eternity. to were the Rockies There was nothing for us but to go to work building sheds. If do now snow- the a man wouldn't work he wouldn't get anything to eat. We were nearing Fort Donald. Here we were and around us. And we it got on well together. rising higher ! and higher. at Fort Donald at last. We from all were a mixed-up crowd. rugged mountains. mainly because was almost impossible for us to get whisky. It makes a man forget that the other fellow I've is a man too. and therein lay the true inwardness of the company's reason for carrying miles for a dollar. men three thousand When Fort Donald the men had they were in to work at the snow sheds whether they liked or not. And the foot-hills changed to great.

but mountain air and hard in work make a man able to forego silver and fine napery. a sort of here-grab-this. while it and sawing up big trees. where There we smoked and told .when.1 -throw it-at-you way. Some of us blasted out rock from the mountain side. were called up at six in the mornfull and by seven we had had breakand were just commencing work. fast of big game. and supper we would go over we slept. At twelve we stopped an hour for dinner.1 56 A Man Adrift A dollar week and a half a day was our pay. They half a The board was good plenty of meat and bread and coffee and The meals were served up vegetables. charged us three dollars and a for board. The others were felling mountains were We ing. and pay-day came once a month. and we were kept at ten hours a day. wooden shanty. The work was rough. and after that we kept on till six o'clock in the evening. Others again were now and then sent out to hunt for fresh meat. to the big By after this time supper was ready.

a hard pillow. the heritage of high birth and social advantage. uncouth clod. was the man who had about him that curious air of self poise. And here was the poor. or to the crushing of a country. Taken as a whole.Through all the Rockies till 157 to sorts in. they impressed me as a crowd of good. of yarns it was time turn Every man of us had a bunk to himself. This was furnished with a mattress. remember one fellow he was an I Englishman voice. and two blankets. here was the man who had left his country for his country's good. sing. but Here they had come from every class. born with the marks And of labour slavery upon him. The crowd was interesting. The men had not only come from every place. however. Suddenly . He and I end of our day's had been working side to the by side in the pickaxe gang. hard men a crowd that a strong man might lead to the freeing of a country. I who had a beautiful tenor I shall heard him never forget the first time It was in the evening. when we were near work.

or. the main difficulty of the journey was rethirty dollars I For . I He can't describe the effect it had upon us out there out there in the clear air of the wild. though I have heard the world. could buy food at the Thus Company's stores along the way. nearly a month's tramp. thought of him many Who was he? What was I he? and why was he there? Years have gone by since in the Rockies. at once. asked the Englishman a lot of questions after that. finest Italian singers in the All of us was singstopped working ing an old English song a beautiful song. but he would tell me I I have nothing. that will live while the white race lives. But I had somewhere from ship was five hundred miles away. indeed. in my mind to it Vancouver. times since.158 A Man Adrift he began to sing. wanted it to get to the Pacific Coast. I and found myself thirty dollars ahead. Poor boy! heard his song I threw up work after two months' time. lone mountains. and I was thrilled as I had never been thrilled before. since.

And. I remember It was clear and bright the morning well. which were strapped across my back. My outfit consisted of a pair of blankets. where the rails had yet I to be laid. as far as getting away from the work was concerned. I the Rockies all 159 I was right as long as had money that is. would guide me right up the coast. and the right of way. I and beautiful in the middle of June. some biscuits and bacon. Hard labour very well to talk about. one morning. to be sure. and . but doing it is quite a different thing. a pannikin. even though was knew not what. and to take chances on being done to sleep out One had up either by the Indians or wild animals. besides. But a hardy man will take big chances when he wants to be on the move. every night. So started was so glad to get away from I the monotonous going to is all I labour. Com- pany's rails were laid two hundred miles of the way. I couldn't miss the Pacific Coast for the by any manner of means.Through moved. or to preach about.

But I had had enough mountain scenery I had been workto last me a lifetime. weapons were concerned. and you are apt to get done up before you rifle. when . still. or a brush at close quarters. give a good knife. but. to tell the truth. mind a revolver and a knife are the heeled as far as handiest weapons going that is. Fine scenery doesn't he's impress a or man he's much when hungry. I carried a forty-four calibred revolver and a broad sheath knife. me a or. and I had fifty cartTo my ridges in my ammunition belt. at that little. tenth of a rap a know where you revolver I are. I wouldn't for give the It is part awkward to handle in a quick rush. in the middle of it for two The poetry had been knocked out of me. if you've got to look out for a surprise. ing hard months. better I suppose ought to say something about the magnificent scenery of the Rockies. No. time the scenery impressed It me but was great and wild and finely coloured.160 some A Man coffee Adrift And I was well and sugar.

lonely I mountains made used to me think. the world without education or any other advantage. The lonesomeness him in of all is what strikes a time hard to like feel this. was face to face with things face listen to to face with myself. and there would be no one round to hold a that cup of water to your lips. What had I I done that I should be a pariah and a the tramp. and why I was going.Through alone and get out of it the Rockies and wondering if 161 he'll tired it alive. I and wonder where It seemed to me labourer and a vagrant ? that the main reason was because I be- longed to the low. And was so tired of it all. It is so terrible. It is that you are absolutely and utterly alone you might fall down and die. I tramp of my feet. was going. I knew I was going to the I had but what then? Pacific Coast been going ever since I was a lad. labouring class the I had been thrown out into slave class. These frightful. L . and I had become a labourer on land and sea a human buffet for the world's blows.

it mapped I out. the whole business.1 62 me A Man in Adrift to These and other thoughts used to I come the long. But just as trigger I put my finger on the began to think in a way I had I never thought before. look. I had seen men shot through the brain. and put the muzzle of the revolver under my right ear so as to get the base of the brain. all out. in my mind. and everything thing was so to see things I had done and vivid. and I unslung my revolver and determined to take a rest for good and all. and I knew exactly what the violently. life. rag. came a peaceful is more apt to come from a jagged knife wound that face and over the A distorted face lets I the life out slowly. sud- denly came up before my mind. I began to And one day I grew sick of despair. too. And I felt so lonely. . strange days the days was tramping through the mountains. clear I Everyseemed from many sides at once. My whole in it. effect was and then One jumped one sank down like a like.

I'd try I feelings And and analyse my sat down on a log I and wondered. No. brought down the muzzle of the revolver. it had not been felt. I was no more to blame for being what I was than the Indian was to blame for being what he was. And I stood up again and cursed the earth and everything in it. I had been moulded and crushed to a certain shape by circumstances. despite what any well-fed liar from the pulpit had to say about it. I thought. And I felt that the time would come when men of my breed men from it. Honestly. I my own fault. I intended to kill myself neverthe- However. and I had stayed in the mire. the gutter would get even with .Through This is the Rockies that 163 when the way men think And I they are drowning. first. I felt I that I had never had such a chance. self? Why shouldn't kill mybut said What was there before me misery and hard knocks? People that everyone in the world got at some time or another a square chance. But less. in had been born the mire.

at the for I saw faces. I this It wasn't fear. but just I a few moments to was only long enough for me buy what food I wanted. to it be sure.164 I A Man Adrift my tell put the muzzle of the revolver against head for the second time. but they either paid no attention to me or they greeted I me in a friendly way. occaI alone. Somehow. are all have been bothered by Indians if at other times. I couldn't what it was I couldn't tell even to day. and then well. though I saw them. too. I suppose it was the lonesomeness of the whole thing that got me into this morse. it wasn't re- wanted to live just wanted no particular reason. sionally . right we white As a rule Indians men will let them alone. though. better for all think if I me it would have been had seen no one at Then I through the whole tramp. something came over me. just to live for frame of mind. They are not blessed with civilisa- . might have got more used to being utterly was never bothered at all by the Indians. company's stations.

about noon-time. The attracted was going of The sound before. descriptions is had heard of well known that they are the only snakes the in the North-west that you. in to give still They are Christian this respect much more than we are. path with The will dispute other snakes glide Its away at the sound of a footstep. we send missionaries day. out to And them.Through tion the Rockies 165 tribe to starve as long as they but they never allow any of their have food them. One It was a rattlesnake that had come bright steel of the rails had Sbrrr! Its rattle it Sbrrr! at a furious rate. and out fro. and was swaying to and Its mouth was wide open. 1 heard a sound that froze me to the marrow with fear. . out on to the middle of the track to sun itself. with the Besides. my footsteps had disturbed it I had never seen a rattlesnake after I I and had got over because it my it first I impulse of fear began to study I knew it was a it rattler tallied it. head was raised about four inches from the ground.

to it keep a close eye on it. You are not often allowed the privilege. and would harm no one if not bothered. It wasn't coiled up. The snake was game come across and that's I like to anything game. After all alone. watch- ing me. I was going I to fire at I'd let it it but it thought a second time. must have been about its five The look make a man I in eyes was enough to turn sick and die. It still swaying touched me a its head little. for wheeled slowly round with me. my . fired a shot at and though it I it broke never kept This the ground within an inch of moved a peg out of the way.1 66 it A Man Its It Adrift the fangs were shooting. was in its own country. plan was to collect a big pile of dried branches and night When came on. it. feet long. So I got off the I had track and walked half round it. colour was a sort of dirty dark grey. however. I was an intruder there anyway. as you see snakes coiled up in of pictures. and rattling.

live too much in houses. the Rockies I'd 167 Then cook myself some grub. was called Yale. breakfast over the remains of the pack move. I didn't tired dream the all. so that I could grab them at once if need be. and lay my knife and revolver near where my head was going to rest. I covered myself up with the down. Sleeping out in the open air is the finest You become as thing a man can do. strong and as hard as an animal. dawn was Then up. Afcer my blankets and get on the I many days tramping settlement It came to a little on the north fork of the Fraser River. I would would cook my fire. Just as People I waken eat. to and other blankets just as I I then would drop before lay off sleep you at could say I Jack Robinson. breaking. After my smoke I would spread a blanket on the ground. and after I had eaten I'd have a smoke. .Through make a fire. was the too with tramping and monotony.

think of a church without a The mountains were the biggest I had ever seen. Down horribly. The with snow. I saw a Si wash Indian on the top of a rock hauling up salmon out of the rapids. go much on scenery must say the look of the mountains here impressed me.1 68 I A Man didn't I Adrift just Though then. because beneath it all one could feel there was lost. and they stood up almost as straight as pillars. in the valley the river tore It along was one of the ugliest and wickedest-looking pieces of water I had ever seen. He just thrust an immense landing net down . Here I had a go at salmon fishing. You were was more awful -looking than the mid -ocean in a hurricane. It seemed to me as if I were in the biggest church one could roof. tops of them were covered and half way down one of glacier them was a that had taken a thousand years to form. It treachery. If you fell in here you had no more chance of swimming than you would have in the Maelstrom. His way of doing it was simple.

Through into the water. Three guy-ropes were fastened to the frame of the net to keep it steady in the The ropes were hitched rushing water. When the Indian hauled up the struggling. me have a try at I it hauled almost The first salmon up nearly cost me my life. Big salmon they were. the Rockies 169 into fish. When one of them got into the net the Indian knew about it. I head with a small let asked the Indian to it. too some of them thirty-five and forty pounders. and he did. and once been rocks. for knocked me into the rapids. fighting salmon on to the top of the rock he brained it by giving it a light tap on the club. it. and a salmon would run The water was packed with the their They were working way up stream. It looked as if the guyropes were going to snap. in the rapids I would have smashed into smithereens on the . to a tree that stood off over on the bank.

held on though^ till the Indian got in one of his light taps on the head of the I salmon. I had crossed the summit of the big mountain chain. I I didn't know where only knew that was getting a hard flinging about somewhere or another. fish. or cutting. thought grappling with a mountain it. lion. I was I more of it. had got a long way past the point where the comI was in the pany's rails were laid. just to see how strong an upI want no stream salmon really was. A I man was I nothing to was. right this part of At my journey I where the line had yet to come. tains got smaller. a gradual slope to the coast. hauled up about twenty it and I must say rocks it was great if sport.170 A Man Adrift This salmon was a big fellow. and I was foolish enough to pick him up in my arms. left The mounfeeling The lonesome me. was all up with you. for and dangerous you got knocked off the sport. My journey was nearly over. . From then on it was of way. I This soothed him. too.

of water.Through And of a the Rockies I 171 a one morning as I rounded the turn in the distance gorge saw off great shining stretch the Pacific. It was .

Three dollars and a half a day was the rate at which we were paid. though to be found gold. and as I was not one of that few. being I was in the gang that laid the steel. I had for in the . We got our wages on the fifteenth of every month. and when the money came we took a day painted or so off to spend it. MAXWELL The men KAMLOOPS was a rough town.XIII. Four of us had up and carry thirty-foot steel rails a hot sun. to happen. Kamloops red while it lasted. built The work was to pick in lively. to go to work on the railroad which was away out through the mountains. that drift here and there and everywhere had made it for the time their abiding mountains beyond it was place Few found it. I We re- and hard things used 172 .

interfered. and all. I and had had felt sorry to have to see him go along with the Marshal and his men. but they had got the drop on us. With an axe we got Bruce gang I smashed to in the door. and made for the calaboose. two men came up to the track. which we called shacks. this At the door of our shack. The Marshal and be sure. of us would stay at home and cook the grub while the rest were working on One we took turn about. and his out.Maxwell member deputies for just 173 and his when got the Marshal fresh. Kelly's was But that night six or seven of us heeled ourselves. We small " lived in batches of six or seven in rough log-houses. But that's neither here nor there. arrested Bruce fellow nothing a University at He was a nice he had cut man but I suppose up rough at home in England. as we were smoking our pipes round the fire. to get out. They were in . noisy in The crowd had been a saloon that trifle all. and in that country it was shoot if you moved." and which we built ourselves. One night.

Their soldier's uniform. said they belonged to Toronto. Altogether. Their next point was Yale. where they would be safe. that they a post two hundred miles away. Maxwell could not old. have been more than twenty years He was tall. and did our level sympathised best to make them comfortable. Cox might have been old. the other as Maxwell. his name as Cox. They had deserted from the post because the discipline was hard. I felt sorry for him. a foxy expression of face. spoke of his to like. where they had enlisted. mother and his wish to see her. but that it would be impossible now that he was a He would have to try his luck deserter. well formed. One gave object. was to get to the United We States. and wiry build. and had a frank face. with them. a place thirty He . They Canada.174 A Man Adrift and they frankly told us had deserted from Indian Creek. he was a young whose appearance one would be apt fellow He was home-sick. fine. they s'aid. in the States. twenty-five years was of middle height and of a He had keen black eyes.

it Morning came.Maxwell miles away. point have hurled myself into a Niagara. and rowed out Kamloops Lake. all hands could swim. and with a complica- Jimmy Murphy to our guests leaving. I jumped on the gunwale of the boat. for the centre of the lake. or a hell. including the deserters. Rails would be laid after we were dead. into . and overturned it. were tired. They hoped to reach the following night. Luckily. As for with a crazy notion. strongly objected And as he had twenty dollars planted away since last month's pay-day. guests. he proposed a holiday. he said. I felt the sudden sense of great power I would that often comes to the drunken. After smoking and chatting awhile. turned We tion. which at this filled was a good deal over a mile wide. not being able to withstand his logic. Our time. 175 it by all in. and we On in the afternoon into had a roaring we got a boat. Full of whisky and the devil. I faced myself. hands. stayed.

He brought me to reason. The next day came. and dragged round. where I would have been torn to pieces on sharp. I sang on the stage . It was Maxwell. The evening was turned into a concert hall. and I turned. and we went back us to go on to work. He saw the danger my mad spell was bringing me to. To him I owe close to the lake's centre my life. hotel in something of music.176 I A Man Adrift to certain death. Two the months Globe the after this I in was singing in Hotel Vancouver. and swam back with him. for was swimming was a powerful current. which would have carried me down into the rapids. The soldiers left to Yale. and I was engaged as a I had a fair voice. But I had not gone very jutting rocks. who had swum after me. far before I was clutched by the collar. and I knew baritone.

Maxwell?" " His face changed colour. Reddy!" he exclaimed. got big applause. who would sang share up with the stranger. "You've got a great voice. cosmopolitan But crowd hailing from everywhere. was easier than laying rails. were indeed a mixed -up. Where's your pardner. the tie of the vagabond bound together. I They got on well with the audience. me. Cox. knew "By God. the shoulder. I I Then went in amongst I the audience and sat fellows I down with some was hardly seated before I was touched on It was I turned round. as he " Haven't you heard " ? "Heard what?" M ." I said. After singing again. down and have a drink." he repeated after looked at me curiously. them all And they were good I fellows.Maxwell in the 177 had worn Singing same rough sailor rig I when working on the railroad. to take a drink. Maxwell. He had got rid of his uniform. that's all right.'* "Sit "Oh.

" asleep not to have heard about "Yes. my head to a cent. anyway. old circumstantial evidence gag. "and I think the trial was a damned fraud. yes interrupted one of the men ! sitting at the table. " " What and "Why tried looked straight at him. He's going to be with the other two I can't rehung member Reddy" their to names next week. anyway." " " Oh. "You mean the young. not knowing what to say. that the Indians killed the man. The hood know. slowly. ." put in another. I'll bet guess they're done for. he and two other fellows were to and condemned for death in New cold Westminster knocking a man and taking away his money in Yale. good-looking fellow who deserted from Indian Creek. you The men were in the neighbourat the numbskull time of the murder." I sat there. though. be hung.178 " " for ? A Man he's Adrift to Why Hung " condemned I hung!" I said. and a of a doctor said that their clothes were spattered with I human blood. Why me "you must have been it.

" We got to Yale on the night of the day we started from you fellows. You know I was scared. had often thought of him. . There was young fellow who had something had saved I fine in his face. as he wouldn't leave Yale. he my life. and the day after that. Where did you leave him ? " Oh. But for this I I got into trouble felt a liking from the first I saw of him. I miles isn't easy. Besides." he answered. out-of-the-way places I had seen men fight and kill each I had become other for nothing at all. though. knockings round for often in my various in tough. : said to Cox "The boy has come across a tough " streak of luck. The left I him there. about two or three days after we were with you in the shack. affected was rather a My mystery to me. hardened to scenes of violence. didn't know what minute the troopers from Indian Creek would be on our necks.Maxwell I 179 was bewildered. We had hard work to make it. I Why was so head was turning. Thirty next day after we got there Maxwell got on a tear.

" a wonder they didn't pull you. So time. Reddy. I followed him. See you again. boys." said Cox. "only that I wasn't round Yale when the thing happened. I've mentioned yonder. shall Where I are you going " ? And when see you again ? "Well. too. said : my hand upon "Say. You see." long. I'm . laying his shoulder. say. to Tacoma. It's guess they would have. Cox. I'm goin' to get out of here at four o'clock in the morning on a schooner got to get into the States. I going. can't you tell me anything more about Maxwell ? What you've told me about him has upset me knocked me out. some He rose and walked to the door. But. to Indian Creek over tell at table You tell can't who's round. Besides. and. you the God's truth.180 The were " A Man next time trying I Adrift saw him was when they him for murder in New Westminster. for I'm liable to be pulled here I'm sorry I any minute for desertion." remarked someone. I'm "Well.

But I'm sorry about Maxwell. know. and. the killing was too mean a business for a soldier to be fellow. my business where you were. " I wonder if anything could be done for Maxwell?" " I I asked. I think I'll try and see Maxwell. "if that's the case." "Well.Maxwell dead skeary about well's. I'm certain he wasn't." I . and that was about the only true thing he did say. It's none of you'd better get right out. a good anyway. Do you think he He's was " in I " it ? don't . mixed up in. The doctor said it was the work of a club. and his body all smashed up." " said." "When " was the murder committed?" loth. Why the man was found with his head battered in. The papers say on June the about midday." I looked at him. but then nobody knows what's going to happen. I 181 this business of MaxI wasn't round at the time. don't know. then/' said I.

The boy was surely no coward. All night long I I couldn't sleep. in I ferreting had known policemen. and this murder was low and cowardly. . and others like them.'so long. I could kept seeing Maxwell's face.'* But. No. He had nothing to do with it not he! And if he had well. to put up a job on an innocent man. mother sorrowed for him. they were going to make an arrest. that they'll you in to see him. I've got to and he disappeared. it someone must have been the work of He was around when else. show how clever they were out murder on the frontier. let don't think. Reddy. though. and The trouble so he had got into the scrape. see its softened expression as he talked of his home away off in Canada. marshals. was this the limbs of the law wanted to . you'll find tiary at Westminster. where his Again I could see its determined look as he pulled me around in my mad swim in Kamloops Lake. go. I couldn't bear to think of that.1 82 " A Man New Adrift him in the penitenI Well.

the thing found out was that a mistake as to the Cox had made The murder date. The only evidence convicted that the fact law had against them was the of a marshal swearing to the seeing in Yale on the day of the murder. not on had been committed. the while was thinking of the whole business.Maxwell and have him hung solely for the 183 purpose I of showing that they were smart. but on June the nth. this was the doctor's unsupported assertion that their clothes were of them Added to stained with All human I blood. June the loth. the date which Cox had given me of the day of the murder kept continually coming to me. in so persistently Something curious was me working my mind. The loth of to in June. It was the it seemed ring wrong date. and why was should come to puzzling. the loth of June. On the morning of the next day full made first inquiries. And the names of the men who were Maxwell were with along Derose and Connors. I To my surprise. I stopped . my ears.

they had not left us as I now remembered. June It was the day when I jumped on the gunwale of the boat and overturned it. and. the time of the murder. said. ! it! I saw it all On the loth of Maxwell was with us at the shack. Adrift tried the murder. and by no chance could they have reached Yale before late that night. till nine o'clock that morning. as no rails . They were intensely vivid. Where were you?" As if to answer pictures flashed it it. He and Cox must six or eight miles have been only from Kamloops. The Canadian Pacific right of way was had at ugly travelling.184 thinking A Man of it. have been in was impossible for him to Yale. " Where were you ? Where were you ? I Suddenly Where was a light broke in on me. had On the midday of the it nth. and to analyse on the loth of June ? This question seemed all at once to be put to me by something outside myself. ings of that day at I and presented the happen- Kamloops Lake. for. a series of mind- before me.

and of my intention to go and see the Governor of the penitentiary. and there was quite an excitement. in Jimmy Murphy was to town. But was I sure of all this ? Yes I remembered distinctly that four days after Cox and Maxwell had left us we were paid off. . to Kamloops. and I told him all about it. and he could back up my testimony. and he said that he would help me all he could. they walk every step of the My clear case of alibi.Maxwell that time 185 been laid past must have had way. By this time some wind of my intention had got round amongst the boys. I soon found Murphy. So I determined go and see the Governor of the peni- tentiary in New Westminster. I started for New Westminster. I After that Murphy and had tramped it to Vancouver. and lay the case before him. and our pay-day was on the fifteenth ! of every month. heart gave a leap. Here was a I could save the boy. Murphy remembered the date of Maxwell's stay with us as exactly as I did.

was granted He had been a colonel in the British Army. and after some thought. but stood up in a bold. and the road to it lay In three through a thick. he supported what I said. so that he could . When the night came I door of his cell. was to see him that night in the I presence of two gaolers. and to talk to him as had to his whereabouts at the time If of the murder. There was Maxwell. erect The manacles. firmly with his left hand. curious was brought I to felt nervous I and as the door opened. without receiving any cue. I an interview with the Governor. dark forest. entered. which he grasped way. He was heavily manacled.1 86 A Man Adrift New Westminster was just twelve miles from Vancouver. granted After a lot of difficulty me permission to see Maxwell. the Governor would see about taking further steps. to say. and was a man with cold blue eyes and a He listened to what I had strong face. hours I was there.

But his eyes to were shining strangely. and holding out my As I spoke he recognised me. "You remember Kamloops?" . looked into his gaoler then hinted to cautious way the reason of my said it The him visit. pointing me. " ? What be any do you want to ask me. I stepping forward. in a and might benefit him " I to answer my questions. " Maxwell. " see It's if a friend of yours." said. it's you Reddy. He when I looked handsomer than had seen him last." I said nothing. had a blue better They looked new. I Reddy I looked at him again. 1 one of the gaolers. " Oh. " Who is this ? " he asked. 187 glisten." taking " I'm glad to see you. * Certainly/* he said. said. hand. off than I can't worse am. who has come said to he can do you any good. my hand. but eyes.Maxwell move easily.

I'd like to speak to you about your whereabouts on the nth of June. and the other boys?" He "Oh. and his madness the date hinged on the idea of this date . He His face was I understood now cell." I " said. a little while. me. the meaning of the look that I had noticed in his eyes when I entered the He was mad. were looking to see that I didn't give Maxwell any sign as to the should answer my question. convulsing with mania." "They muttered. " The The manacles gave The dates " he ! clank. and I don't know where the rest drifted to. The They gaolers looked keenly at us both." said And we talked on in this strain for I. way he his his Maxwell bed. He dates suddenly sat down on covered his face with a hands. Murphy's in Vancouver. Maxwell.A Man "Yes! I Adrift you in the lake "Where's Murphy swam after smiled slightly. ! in an unsteady way. run before looked up again.

The next day again. But I am are Who ? questions Damn you who asks me Get out of you all ! here!" > And he sprang at one of the hard and gaolers and knocked him down. I dangerous scuffle. innocent. " and that is the end of all it. " The man admits that he was there at the time. went to the Governor and asserted that Maxwell's saying that he was in Yale at the time of the murder was due to the giving way of his mind through the strain put upon him. and that I and others could prove that his being there was an impossibility. had out " : set him the He question rose up and shouted My On nth I the murder. I was thinking of him the Vancouver." the Governor said." I This was get.Maxwell that 189 had occurred to me so suddenly and strangely day before in when off. I the to satisfaction could told it went back Vancouver and all Murphy. after a He was got under. of June. coldly. We were broke up over . at the time of was in Yale.

he must be we learned that Maxwell's commuted to penal servitude of insanity. i because left Vancouver soon after. A Man did Adrift that knowing as we Afterwards sentence was for life.190 innocent. . and since then I have drifted about and seen and known many But strange things. I have often wondered and thought about Maxwell.

which. Perhaps is I ought to explain that a lime- a deep-water or long-voyage ship. burthen. and was bound for Vancouver I was one of the with a cargo of tea. and where you get lime-juice health. for the good of your The lime- juice alleged to be a preventative against scurvy.XIV. counted ten hands. and need hardly say that we were elated when. had quite a slow and uninteresting time of it. juicer where you get nothing but your pound and your pint. crew. after a trip of seventy-five days. all told. and I must say that the taste of is 191 . SIMILAKAMEEN I LEFT Yokohama one April on the She was 1700 tons barque Seraph. as she was a typical lime-juicer. we rounded Cape Flattery and entered I We the Straits of Juan de Fuca.

we were in the Straits. There was a great deal of building going on in the town. so I had to turn to and get some kind of a job. and I got work at carrying the loose hod. and a man gifted with a is There nice sense of balance. artistic Really it is the I most in. Here we were turned upon the unsuspecting town. a great deal of knack in carryYou have at once to be a ing the hod. form of labouring work have ever had the good fortune If to indulge you don't step just so upon the ladder or scaffolding. However. The salt has entered their souls.192 it A Man Adrift is The ugly enough to prevent anything. and a pilot boarded us and brought us carefully up the Gulf of Georgia and into the harbour of Vancouver. or lean forward just . captains and mates of this class of vessel are invariably crusted cranks who have forgotten all about everything but sheets and ropes and sails and the tricks of wind and water and weather. In a day the wealth I had amassed at lime-juicing had withered. powerful man.

It am was while I I was carrying the hod Miners that heard of Similakameen. came along with Arabian Nights' stories of how gold could be picked up there by the And came upon me so handful. for the time-check which the boss considerately presented to at carrying the dollars. the thirst for wealth strongly that carrying the hod began to lose for me its fascinaThe delights that attended the slow tion. climbing of a steep ladder with a heavy I load upon my shoulder began to pall. thought I might as well go off and make a fortune with the rest of them. N . I found that I could only get seven dollars for the check when I came to cash it at a store. and. I had not enough money to buy myself an outfit. is work of an extremely interesting it nature. 193 overboard. But a difficulty presented itself.Similakameen so. to me for my prowess hod only amounted to ten make things more interest- ing still. you and the hod I will fall not going to say anything against But All that I will say is that hod-carrying.

outfit. and I was fluctuating on the ragged edge of despair. when who should come along but my shipmate. found that he. a pickaxe and shovel. in Similakameen. outfit and to spare. . had developed an intense thirst for the wealth to be gained This was good. Thus was the difficulty surmounted. Added to this. a good knife. at the most meagre reckoning. too. Bob one of the lads who had come over with me from Yokohama on the talked matters over. and I Seraph. No. there was the getting of bacon and flour and whisky. easy wealth were beautifully becoming dim. a fine wire sieve. fare to dollars My visions of quick. meant the possession of a pair of blankets. and a revolver or a Winchester rifle. seven wouldn't even gaze upon it. he said. We what was much better and still more to the point. but. was the fact that the night before at he had made a big winning He was able draw-poker. in a saloon to get an and he generously proposed that we should become partners. and the 194 An A Man Adrift Fort Hope. He would get me my outfit.

where the 195 wealth was patiently waiting for us.Similakameen Similakameen. was simply crowded with rough and smooth and otherwise. as the saying goes. situated right in the heart of the Selkirk Mountains. lakameen to There were others. was a mining camp. miles It was four hundred away from Vancouver. We had found we were all not going to have Simiourselves. was the easier to At last we were aboard to Fort the steamer and on our way out that Hope. nuggets. and each other time by telling we put all we would do when we got in the " back with our load of gold dust. The steamer men of all kinds I . Our first point to make was Fort Hope. With this end in view we walked over to Westminster. New We had to wait a few hours for the steamer. nuggets or dust." Bob would reiterate to me. Nuggets " Pure as well. It They're up there as big as your won't be all dust we'll have to carry. fist." Then we would go off into a long discussion as to which carry. where we were to take a steamer up the Fraser River.

one man averred.trail is made by Indians as they . the bed of every stream and river in the world. We got off the steamer.196 A Man Adrift heard a great deal of talk. A tote. and after going three or four miles we were confronted with a tote-trail. which seemed to run sheer up over the tops of the mountains. Fort Hope was something over two hundred miles from Vancouver. and got a vast number of tips about gold and its getting. and three miles His eyes grew a little wide in places. wilder when I volunteered the opinion that at least his scheme had the merit of being big. Everybody seemed to be giving everybody else valuable points. I heard many and wonderful schemes put forward for the turning of streams from their courses so as to get at the gold-laden sand which There was gold lay over the bed rock. this in who was a little wild in the eyes forward a scheme for the turning off put of the Fraser River a river of tremendous man volume and quick flow. In fact. and here it was that our journey began in earnest.

I used to at. we had our blankets and weapons flour and bacon and or to carry and one two other things. for the woeful. Indeed. something think. for. broken-up mountain . trail was going earning the a bit too sanguine Bob had " Even the admit that we were nuggets. the whole crowd of us began to string up the trail. We were only one hundred and eighty miles from Similakabut this hundred and eighty miles wanted a lot of doing. meen selves. including ammunition and whisky. provisions along and over places that are accessible for pack-horses and mules." When night was coming on we used .country whisky is invaluable. In a big. as I was wiped it my to brow. besides our.Similakameen tote. a gold-hunter would as soon think of forgetting his flour bag as his big leathern whisky flask. dise However. but this stiff. Sometimes I would sit down and wonder where I was Gold was all very well. 197 and merchanin- or carry. could make no We more than twelve trail miles a day at the outside.

A Man round and Adrift collect wood to make a Then we would fry some bacon. may be that they fear if they pass over the rope they get into a trap. we would wrap ourselves up in our blankets. circle will and then go away do this. and down. and smoke and talk. After the first day or so along the trail . When we got the rope fixed. lie fall asleep the instant we stretched At the break of dawn we ourselves out. turning our feet Indian. and go on our way. load ourselves up with our blankets and things. Our last preparation for the night was to put a rope in the form of a circle around the place where we were going to sleep. When supper was over we would light our pipes. I don't It know will the reason why. Our reason for doing this was that if snakes crawled towards us during the night they would stop with their heads at the rope go around the Snakes again.fashion We were so tired that we to the fire. and make flapjacks with flour and water. would would get up.198 to look fire. make our breakfast.

A few of us would come back . They were before us and behind along the us. The wind would almost seem to claw at us as if it wanted to drag us down to an awful death. the great mountains we could always see the glint of some torrent a sharp. going on to Similakameen for gold. and wondered what would happen next. Often I shuddered. On in quest of gold. high wind blowing. We the kill.Similakameen 199 we stopped talking about what we would do when we got the gold. specks moving They were men like ourselves. It was trying the nerves to have to crawl slowly with our on a narrow ledge along the face loads of a precipice that sheered down thousands And usually there was a strong. All moving slowly in on. were Chilkats the wild. hard country of the Indians who always Many of us would leave our bones here. white line. of feet. Besides being hard. the trail was often to most dangerous. Again we Miles out down would see in the far distance small trail. sinister.

With it was surely blended the instinct that prompts white men to voluntarily put themselves in the way of hardships and difficulties so that they may surmount them. even in the end If we died gold! died before us! Other men's bones had did not get the well. We were not the off first men who had gone danger willed it in and grappled If Fate search of treasure. It And we were going was not altogether the idea of eventually getting gold that bound us to this terrible trail. thing to climb across an almost inacces- sible mountain chain if to this Similakameen. what of was as good and terrible to die one way as another. thing to fight along mile after mile through the clouds. other men had we lain whitening. that it? we were It not to come back.200 slowly on. all. it After was a fine It was a fine thing to feel that one was that doing something was hard and It was someworthy of achievement. A Man Adrift all laden with gold. glorious How were the .

tant roar of the torrents seemed but to make more silence. difficulty There was not much and make about this. as the limbs of the law. strange. it who sweat miners. The first Similakameen. canyons. we did was to stake out our claim. awkward for them. besides. North of us lay the great Klondike north of this again lay the immense trackless region of the Midnight region. had not as The camp yet got up into the mountains. whom we had in before started in the steamer had got . rifying. and.Similakameen mountains ! 201 The dis- And how clear this silent. Some the journey was of the men with an ugly one. And Sun. universal ter- We vast passed through gloomy. had not become important enough. We saw glaciers hundreds of years old giving forth the rays of the sun in a shimmering blaze of wonderful colours. II AT last we had in We thing were got to our journey's end.

enough to get flour up. force a man exerts when he throws his head forward A in the effort of climbing. A Man Others were still Adrift straggling behind in the distance. for every ounce of it had to be carried on the backs of Indians. and was a great help to the Indian in the carrying of his load up steep and awkward It was simply a utilising of the places. We used rested for a day or so. The loads were fastened on to their backs with broad bands which were arranged so This as to pass around their foreheads. we were we had endured along the sixteen It had taken us days to come the hundred and lay around the banks of a ftv* ipi^g done was of the eighty miles. way of arranging the load brought into play the powerful muscles of the neck. and most primitive kind placer mining. as up through the hardships trail. that struck us hard when we thing . Get- ting machinery up to a place like this for the purpose of crushing ore was of course It was bad quite out of the question. The camp creek.202 us.

as we into had already made a heavy inroad we began to get Bob. our stock of provisions. had some money at and he bought twenty pounds of flour the store. left. one or two men had struck big paying pans. and not to be thought of for a moment. I miners concerning the big that imagination I found stories had helped out the had heard in Vancouver. Bacon was something fabulous. out by hunting and When I made inquiries from the other finds. Miners have a feeling against going back on the same trail. however. True. who had struck when was I asked Many had left why we had the place. If possible. Going to work was quite simple. And. and not met them I told that they had gone off for the Fraser River along another trail. All we had to do was to build a rough wooden . they will find another.Similakameen first 203 got into camp was the fact that flour was a dollar and a half a pound. We would have to take our it chances of eking fishing. nervous. but there were lots of fellows nothing.

. Bob immediately reached down his scoop into the stream. This was placer mining. The ful gold dust was in this sand. Men were scattered along the banks of the creek. heavy sand had sifted through. lifted the water. We were at it the whole of the day. Sometimes Bob would take the shovel and I the rocker for a change. working as we were working. When the fine.204 cradle. rocking the cradle gently as he did so. slimy sand as it oozed through the sieve. I threw in another or and exactly the same operation was gone through again. and threw away the gravel and coarse sand. and pitched it into the sieve on the top of the cradle. Beneath this we had fixed a piece of blanket to catch a certain heavy. for nearly a mile. A Man Adrift and fasten across the top of it the sieve we had brought with us from Vancouver. black. I When we were dug up a shovel- of sand and gravel from the side of the creek. and poured it slowly over the sand and gravel. he detached the sieve. ready. shovelful Then so.

nuggets/' I said to Bob. When we melted off the quicksilver the next day. with a will. but still it was gold. pieces about the size of a pin-head.Similakameen 205 night was coming on we stopped. we went to gold-bag. over it. took the blanket gently out of the cradle. He work again. and brought it over to When the shack we had it built for ourselves. laughed as he carefully put the dust away into a little Then. We looked . there were none of " Bob's " nuggets in it. was I. True. For the first few days we did very well. cradling and washing the sand. and indeed. and afterwards ran quicksilver through it to the gold. at Here we dried thoroughly it the fire outside the front of the door. and once Bob actually did nugget an ounce. lifted off the sieve. When dry. we shook attract the sand out of carefully. a dull. Through it ran a few little yellow heap. "Your little. could easily get the little heap on to the point of a knife heavy. good We to see it. find a little that weighed something over half He was wild with excitement so. there before It did us our eyes was the precious dust.

and passed it one to the other and tried hard to persuade ourselves that was.206 at it A Man eagerly. appealed to the profound love of . what we were going to Whenever I sank my shovel into tell the sand there was no knowing whether or not I might heave a nugget the size of my fist into the sieve. and why not perhaps I ? Other men had done It was delightful to feel that I was lifting up on my shovel a piece of gold the size of many Spanish doubloons. This placer mining was the most exciting work I had ever done. so. After all. right was heavier than it really We could tell that it was pure gold that there was no hard. but It I never minded that. through it structural alloy running through for it enough to give a little when we squeezed it between the thumb and fingers. bit hard and steady. it Adrift several times. The treasure I had read of in the stories of the old pirates and the treasure I was I seeking after here in the mountains ran The work was a together in my mind. we was soft could never find. Whilst I was digging was always thinking of gold doubloons.

There was no fear now of our running out of provisions. His usual good luck was with him. luckiest man at cards I have ever known. This poker-playing helped out our digging I must say that Bob was the immensely. At the store the gold dust was taken just as money would be taken. to They had finely adjusted weigh the dust. And we were scales able to indulge in the extreme luxury of bacon. and when we got enough dust At ahead Bob went and took a hand in the game. Curiously enough. in the whole camp while we were The reason for this was simple. there was never a row In fact. a row there. there was never over the game. . and it was a sight to watch the miners looking over and under and around these scales balance was absolutely spoke of to true.Similakameen chance that I 207 with other shared in common men. at any rate for a time. see if the Fellows ounces and half -ounces and quarter-ounces of gold as they so many pounds or dollars. would of night poker was played a great deal in the store.

On such an occasion we would get together to see them off. Someone would surely have been killed. It the police rows. Any who invariably provoke the man who has been in gold this. So the result And camp right here in I must say that a mining is any part of the world as a rule peaceful before the limbs of the law come into it to extort blackmail from the miners for is themselves and their Governments. for every man was armed for all he was worth. to get ammunition them some bacon and flour and if they were short. rushes will attest to Now start and then a couple of miners would away from camp to go over the trail off to Vancouver or Port Moody. and who were leaving because they had had enough of In these cases we would club together it. The primal conditions under which we lived . was peace and amity amongst a crowd who were in the main hard men. and But give them a parting cheer for luck. They had made their pile. often er struck next men were going away who had to nothing.20 8 A Man Adrift A row would mean business.

Similakameen
made
relieve others.

209
to

us realise that

it

was our duty

when

And

possible the necessities of it was not done with the air

of bestowing a favour. It was done simply and as a matter of course.

Sometimes Bob and off and scour around

would take a day for game. It was
I

as well not to be buying too much grub at the store. Though it was a big game country, it was awkward to stalk the game,

we had to confine our attention to birds. One of the men in the next claim to us lent Bob a shot-gun with the understanding that we were to whack up our kill
so

with them.

We provided
frightfully

the ammunition,

which ran

Quails were what we and we got a good few of them, owing mainly, I suppose, to the fact of the gun

high at the store. used to get mostly,

being of a large bore, and to the spreading
of the shot in the
air.

Our claim gave
yield.

forth a small, steady
"

Bob's

"

nuggets

never arrived.

The worth

of the pans through the whole

of the day averaged about sixty dollars. Out of this, of course, a good deal had to

o

210
go
for

A Man
provisions.

Adrift

the store were the

The men who kept fellows who really got
They took no
famine
risks,

the bulk of the gold. but simply charged
everything.

To
to

bring things

prices for to Simila-

kameen was,
but, like all

be sure, most expensive, middlemen, they took a double
it.

and treble advantage of

They

neither

got the gold nor did they tote the provisions. They just sat tight, and the fat from the pot.

skimmed

However, Bob still kept up his form at poker, and this stood us in good stead.

Winning gold in the store from the other miners was not perhaps so romantic as getting it out of the earth in nuggets
but
still
it

served.

After awhile our claim began to thin
out,

and we went further up the creek,

Here our luck was something about the same as it was
and staked out another.
in

small, steady there was no use in repining, Still, yield. for there were lots of fellows who struck

the

first

claim

just

a

hardly anything at

all.

We

worked on

for

about six or seven

Similakameen
weeks, and then

211
to

we began

think of
It

making was the end of August, and
weather
lasted.

tracks for the Fraser River.
it

was

just

as well to be getting back while the

good

And one morning we
up,

counted things

and found that we would have four
dollars'

thousand

worth of dust clear after

getting a stock of grub and ammunition two thousand dollars apiece. What with

Bob's

skill at

poker and our joint

toil

we

had not done so badly after all. And the next day we packed up and started from Similakameen.

XV.

THE CH ILK ATS

BOB and I were in a hopeful mood as we went back along the trail. True, we had not made our fortune, but we had

come away with something into the bargain. Our work, of course, was still cut out for us, but we had made the main point, which really was to go and
to

managed right, and

to

get

to

Similakameen

all

see what the place looked like. The possibility of getting a fortune had only an inAt least, cidental bearing on the project.
that

appeared to us now as we talked the matter over. Bob laughed

was the way

it

" over his nuggets," and said that we had enough to carry over the trail as it

was.

The

trail

we were

taking was one that

skirted to the north.
212

We

had been

told

The

Chilkats

213

by Sfwashes who toted provisions into camp that it was easier than the one we had come by. We found this to be a fact. The only drawback was that it would run us on to the north fork of the Fraser
of running us out at This would mean perhaps Hope. delay in getting a boat down the river. However we chanced it. One cannot
instead

River
Fort

have everything.

Besides, the

trail

was

new
days

to us.

After

we had been

out three or four

we came

across two

men who were

returning after prospecting to the north.

They
in

told us of
dirt,

having struck a place rich
it

pay
it

work
This
ing.

is

was impossible to because the water was too far away. one of the difficulties in gold-huntbut that

Besides finding the gold in paying quantities one must also find the water to

wash

it

out.

These men, who were Canadians, also told us a piece of news they had heard that made us feel anxious. It was to the
effect that the Chilkats

were " out."

This

meant that our bones would stand a good

214
came upon

A Man

Adrift
mountains
if

chance of lying

in the

they

us, for the Chilkats

savage, fighting Indians. different race altogether from the Siwashes,

were hard, They were a

who

and amenable

were, generally speaking, inoffensive, to the missionaries.

A

Chilkat was as ugly and as dangerous on
the warpath as a Sioux Indian.
to

However, do them justice, they never went out withit

out being given a good reason for way or another by white men.

in

some
this

But

thought was rather cold comfort just then. The Canadians and ourselves decided Four would to keep together on the trail.

have a better chance of standing
than two.

off a rush

We

we Then was

kept the sharpest look-out just as were going in or going out of a canyon.

the greatest danger of falling into an ambush, for the Chilkats were in
the habit of posting themselves amongst the big rocks that lay around the mouth.

Here they would lie white men to come
not only hear

in wait for

days for
could
trail,

along.

They
miles

men coming
miles

along the

when they were

and

away,

The
but

Chilkats
tell

215
this

they

could
It

how many were
by
the
in

coming.

was said they did
a
certain

going

up canyon and
strange Indians

into

part

of

listening.
in

Sound

acts

a

way knew

the mountains, the

and the
their

mountains and

ways
filled

absolutely.

Going through these gloomy canyons
us with dread.
evil,

They looked

so dark so
still.

and
It

and tremendous.
in the

And

was when we were

middle of one

that our nerves were strung to the hardest Death seemed to be hanging tension.

about us
hind

to

be ahead of us

to

be be-

The vengeance of the Indians us. seemed to be lurking in the immense, sinister shadows thrown down upon us from the
vast,

black walls

of

the

canyon.

It

is

terrible to live

momentarily
lay

in expectation

of violent death.

At night when we
build a
fire.
is

down we

did not

for a fire

mountains.

It was not a safe thing to do, seen a long way through the used to go off three or

We

four hundred yards from the trail. Each of us took a turn at standing watch whilst

Here we would be could get to Fort Hope without any trouble. for. From there Bob and could go over to Vancouver or Port . We and and but Perhaps at all! the It Chilkats were not "out" been a spirits rose as might have false report. in time at and men will get used to last we got used to the anyidea of being began joke rushed at any moment. ever. We In five were getting well over the trail. night as long as we had no fire fairly safe. And along. our we tramped a tension Men If can't stay at for the Chilkats wanted us they would for us ! come However.2i6 A Man Adrift But at the rest slept in their blankets. as luck would have it. to be ourselves to laugh talk. the Canadians knew a halfall right. or six days more we would be at the north fork of the Fraser. we were day- The danger was in the time. But thing. We breed us all I who had a down the boat big enough to take river. constant watch. we kept up the same sharp.

Down!" shouted Bob. We a dropped. who was going on in front. was good enough for him in it he were given a The North-west ! He had lived for twenty years ! He this was very sore on civilisation. And one of the Canadians said he see it. that perhaps we might as well pay for a passage to Europe before we had the " time. We knew at once what was up. cruel He to said that in men were most were." so as to see what going I suggested to Bob But Bob didn't as a passenger was like. made a sign to us.The Chilkats 217 Moody. " they would be sure to try and rush us. wouldn't live in Europe if town in it for nothing. too. Chilkats. As there were only four of ! us. ! one another. The Chilkats were coming down upon us We were in for it. barely in time to volley that miss seemed to come . and have a little time with the gold we had brought from Similakameen. throwing himself flat. They were worse than the maybe. it was Canadian. trailing who us now I to kill us was in the thick of a strong argument with -him as to this assertion when Bob.

it. to try and to would not have paid tell. twenty feet from us. The bad however. We it is stayed down hard to hit a a few seconds is man when he lying prone on the ground and then all at once there broke out a most horrible whooping and screeching. "I don't think all. can hide behind to The seemed be going there's so on all around us. Suddenly an Indian seemed to spring He was hardly over up out of the ground. that we part of it was. and was rushing full at us with a yell. where we would have expected for we were nowhere near flat for a canyon. screeching was enough to upset one. but by this time we had got a hold upon ourselves." many with of 'em after said the Canadian the whom I had been having argument. Adrift It was hardly the place the Chilkats. we could see no one as yet.2i8 from A Man everywhere. and get Where the Chilkats were it was Indians noise hard to nothing. when the Canadian raised . were not under cover. Still. would work for The We all we were it able.

after There were not so all no more than a dozen. A The Canadian would have been all right. knife he " had brandished shot out of us. The Canadian was many Indians. They had dropped their guns. They ! came for us. but they hundred. up to him. clad in skins and leggings. ******* The whole thing right. savage-faced men. The his body. and were on us with their knives. out of him. back to back. but somehow the barrel of his Winchester got in his way when the Indian was close to turn. and he fell over on his face. yelling wild. as he was trying . I found out that was then that there is no weapon It like a revolver sharp work. " his hand towards ! and Bob grabbed it. of big calibre for close.The Chilkats 219 himself easily and dropped him with his The ball had gone through Winchester. was over. and. Up Up I shouted and we were up to meet the rush. made noise enough for a He was Poor old Canadian ! gone. big Indian had knifed the life It was a slashing up-stroke.

And. They had been together ten years. it would not do much. only that I in got on him in time with the revolver. a grave for him. was nearly done up through loss of The Canadian's partner was cryblood. I of the took Bob's coat off. Chilkat. all This Indian the rest put the Canadian.220 the knife A Man went into Adrift him. needle and thread. When he was out of the way the fight left slackened. gave more trouble than together. and would have finished him. ing over him. for there was nothing but rock all around for us. I slash in his shoulder as well as my and. too. getting out stitched up the I could. This time we had to go very slowly on account of . for the us to wait about too Chilkats might come back Again we were on the trail. After finishing he gave Bob a jab in the shoulder. and finally what was Chilkats drew off. again. He He was lying close to the big and the worst of it was we had to We could not dig leave him as he lay. and it took him hard to see him dead. again.

was glad when the whole thing was over and I had got Bob safe to Vancouver. we got to the north fork. The voyage in the boat did us good. between us. I Chilkats 22 1 was beginning to be afraid about He seemed to get weaker all the him. The again. They gave me some and quinine Bob some linen to make he bandage ing them Finally for his wound. afraid proper Only for meet- a I'm would have gone under. There he had to go on the sick list for a I .The Bob. Then We he took the three of us down the river to Fort Hope. and we were not able to We had to walk him slowly take it. here for a day or so with the halfstayed breed whom the Canadian knew. A wounded man needs rest above time. Chilkats did not bother us When we were two days' journey from the north fork of the river an English hunting party kind to us. and who helped we fell in with who were very us for out. everything else.

A Man When Adrift he was right again we went over to Victoria to take our ease and to put the boys on the best way of going to Similakameen. .222 time.

It man for next to cost almost less for a deer bought from him than it would to buy enough powder and shot to kill it.XVI. Food was very cheap and easy to get. in Vancouver Island. and talked calmly about nothing in parIf there were not enough holidays ticular. in the year they he had killed to the white nothing. their shops late in the morn- and closed them up early in the after- noon. 223 This . FROM VICTORIA TO NANAIMO life IN the old days people took easily at very Victoria. They opened ing. made more. Over their dinners they lingered They smoked to soothe themselves. Jong. and white labour commanded a high The Si wash Indian sold the game price. Salmon was still cheaper and easier to get. so as to supply properly their strong demand for rest.

The men who year had a yearning for leisure were gradually to linger. and they had stopped studding with holidays. About thirteen thousand people lived in The hurry-up . Men were more plentiful. or rather rushed. they could live with the Siwashes and do nothing but fish a little. and laze and smoke Victoria British to their heart's finest content. of the near-by United States had crept. was and the being forced to leave town and go up into There the northern part of the island. This all was the town in Columbia. The former state of affairs spirit The hurry-up had passed away. hunt a little. Everybody was hustling. for their command of good and sufficient amount of leisure which poets and philosophers say is so that necessary for man's best development.224 A Man Adrift be sure. The people were forgetting closed late. and labour The shops opened early cheaper. it. into the town. Bob and I got to Victoria when the old days had slipped as it' were into the new days restful a trick they have. favourable state of affairs was. to to the inhabitants.

well They had on the face of represented it arrived at the conclusion that there were flowerier places even than the Flowery Land. They washed clothes. cooked. swifter the evidently became the motto of the people. did light labouring work. bitter dis- . The Chinese were here. who had arrived at the conclusion that it was necessary for the well-being and happiness to try their level best to get twenty-five hours' time out of the twenty-four. They were an unstartling and uninteresting lot. above all. and that this was one of them. and. paved highways The better the roads the rush. brother. looked unpicturesque. In the long-winded. of straight. They embodied prosaicism. The assertion was mainly because the white used them as a means to grind capitalist down and starve to death his white quite true. They said that when they came to a country they carried hard times with them on their backs. The Victorians were always grumbling about them.Victoria to and rush-around giving to it Nanaimo had resulted 225 in the spirit and drives.

said it was the rendezvous of outlaws. haste from different parts of the world for the good An did old white-whiskered who me the honour of taking a drink with me. told me that the gold-find in Similakameen attracted them. heard. and when ripe I I thought that the time was asked him to have another drink.226 cussions I A Man Adrift heard about them no one ever Neither did anythat brought out this point. and that Victoria was their stopping-off I was not aware that Similakameen place. was a rather The old-timers trying place to live in. the I close of the restful epoch. Just before Victoria. offcolour adventurers. Victorian. had been known so with the respect that long. and other in kindred gentry who had departed of their health. He tell took the drink. is but I listened due to the aged. and then went on to me that these fellows were always raising rows and ructions. maiming and . one mention the fact white gold-greedy their men smuggled them across frontiers and through harbours in defiance of own laws and exclusion acts.

and they would come in and spend the town to witness that they it. and plenty of time for fighting. As soon as they made a call stake at the placer mines. Instead. found to their cost that the old-timers knew a thing or two more about fighting than they did. They had little time for work. and breaking the peace generally.whiskered man finished his drink. said. . At this the aged. They they old-time inhabitants. suggested to the old-timer that they must have been a this I were spending At desirable acquisition to the regular population in the sense of affording an element of excitement to off-set and balance the easiness and sleepiness of the town. he it. old The But paused.Victoria to killing Nanaimo 227 each other. and thought a little. he asserted that it would have been all right and proper if these fellows man had only fought with and exterminated one another. but now and then they had the nerve to turn their attentions to the The result was that were suppressed vigorously. I can't say he rose to my suggestion. white.

to the incessant rains. and things began to look The town had a rather bad for us. the proThen it was that Bob conceived prietor. It straits on a big was beginning to snow when we got to Nanaimo. due. and then calmly borrow from us. the brilliant idea of going over to Nanaimo. So we left for Vancouver. Before we thought of starting. we took the precaution of spending the money I had borrowed. Making valiant efforts to relieve the Saharan thirst of bar-room crowds soon eased us of what we had Fellows brought from Similakameen.228 A Man after this Adrift Not long Bob and I found ourselves strapped. Here I went to the Globe Hotel and made a borrow from Ben Woods. a town in the northern part of Vancouver The brilliancy of the idea lay in the fact that we had never been there. Then we worked Island. however. I On the . suppose. would listen admiringly to our recitals of our adventures along the trail. mouldered and worn appearance. our passage across the freight sloop.

of. think of the money we had flung around so freely when we were telling the fellows not help but in Victoria all about things. should we get something to eat. A Where knotty problem was before us. alas ! we I could hadn't the price. We walked dolefully along the main street was trying to think as to ways and means. . across the well lit We Over way was a saloon with windows and looking altogether cheerful in the midst of darkness and snow and damp. It was snowing. street. and where had our should we sleep that night ? We but going outside the town to sleep out was not to be thought blankets with us. had got to the end of the and were standing for a moment. and and night was snowing in it coming on and Bob and I had no money. was a dull wooden grey town . The thought it was a useless one though did bear I most exasperatingly upon the point. . How we would have up.Victoria to coast in British for at least five It it Nanaimo it 229 Columbia rains steadily months in the year. an oasis liked to have gone in ! But.

It I I turned and said a few words to Bob. and they were coming to invest part of their wages in a little and sociability. There was no mistaking . Round about jollity Nanaimo were coal mines. but was a big one. A lot of men were drinking at the bar. and these were the miners. gazed yearningly at the Neither of us said a word. they were all coal-miners. is in the habit of seeing them Bob and saloon. and the most of them were men from the north of England. and he grinned with approval. but the more examined it the more luminous it got.230 turned it A itself Man my in Adrift mind. I could tell that they were coal-miners by the set and walk of them. or. I still All at once an idea broke in on me. We walked across the road and into the saloon. where one about. for I belonged to the North of England. Yes. If it turned the if over my mind. for it was Saturday night. was a simple idea. Men were going into the saloon. over in rather.

" said I. Thee and thy mate come " wi' and have a sup drinks for us. o 1 ' Mates." I had struck the right note. Before that come over we were in Similakameen." said. I come from the north of England. and we had it rough coming over the trail.Victoria to Nanaimo 231 and in- their strong. give a trifle after. My mate here will go round. Monchester. It did me good to hear the good old broad burr . anyone likes to we should be thankful. " in a broad I Lancashire accent." he said. If you don't mind. Ah come from theer. just "me and my mate here have from Vancouver. in a loud voice. We had got to the turned out that there were several Lancashire men in the crowd. lad. Eh. If I'd like to sing you a song or two. me. as he grasped " my hand. " Wheer abouts does tha' come from said " ? one man." He ordered We oasis. with a smile. hard-looking frames telligent faces. tha' knows Bowton. It were all right. but luck was against us.

looked as if he might have been suddenly dropped into " Owdham " or this " I far - away place from and Bowton. but his accent as rich before. turned out that the landlord also was a We Lancashire man. shire for twenty years." he treated next. lad. To use a placerism. It had been away from Lancawas as if he had only left it the day were getting on swimmingly. song was "Tom Bowling. red- He old English tavern landlord." After supper was in great form. we had struck big paying pans. and gave us a big He was a jolly-looking. " A Man A He Adrift to man who belonged called it Heywood us Yowwood. After this I sang. " " ! said we were. They applauded when My first Hey. when we man. that's good said the man from " Bowton. a typical." of them had often heard it sung in Many the Old Country. and I had finished.2 32 again. . was the landlord faced. heart)' supper. he brought us back into the parlour. Then the landlord asked us if we were hungry." and the drinks were again in evidence.

And that night and " slept at the house of the we went over man from Bowton." . Then Bob went round with the hat.Victoria to Nanaimo 233 sang several more songs in the bar-room. all We were right. He collected over fifteen dollars.

plained to our friend that So I exwe were sailors. the let fact. and therefore accustomed fresh air. he the However. but toil down the darkness of the mine was something air to get away from altogether. WITH THE INDIANS from "Bowton" said that he THE man would get us a job in the coal mines. Toil in the open in was bad enough. Being Shanghaied means being taken aboard a vessel against your will 234 when she is on . Besides. strong. to good. and I was " " Bowton would afraid the man from Bob's lungs were in added. to subject of work drop. Bob's looks comment upon our relief. I a delicate condition. hardly bore out my statement. But that hardly suited us. Whilst we were in Nanaimo we came within an ace of being Shanghaied.XVII.

It was the day but one for after in my the singing the Lancashire men saloon. The custom originated in Shanghai. a stevedore original played in a simple and like A man who looked us stopped on the main . hands game was tried upon Bob and myself we were neither drunk nor the When drugged. usually Shanghaied when they are drunk. is lying outside ready a is to make its This way of of getting ship complement practised more on the Pacific Coast than anywhere else. as the case thing often happens in a wharf groggery. and taken over to the vessel which sail. A man is hustled out when he is half unconscious. put aboard a boat. to take with us Departure The game was way. and we were holding on as tight as we could to the money Bob had for collected.With the Indians 235 the point of sailing and being forced to Men are do a sailor's work upon her. or when they may be. we wanted it to to buy flour and bacon Bay. The are drugged.

edge of the wharf. went on pulling out farther and Finally. She was a big. half "Out I there." he said. I thought that the time to get a little light on the asked the man oar. thought a little. and then I dropped to the whole scheme.236 street. full-rigged The man bent himself to his oars I again pulling strong." I "Turn back. ship. looked at her. and he told us to come we wanted We He went down to the along with him. said we did. He was out to Shanghai us ! Once aboard to get the full-rigger ashore again ! we would have a job said to him. A Man and asked us Adrift if a job unloading a ship at forty cents an hour. but for the moment I said out into the nothing. "Belay. He shipped an and pointed to a vessel that lay off a mile away. rather curious that the ship we thought were going to work on was not tied up to the wharf. where he got into a yawl." . pulled straight it Then he I bay. bidding us do the same. where the ship was. He farther. I was ripe for Bob and myself subject.

he would how. laughed. and " plied. and we walked up there after we had bought some provisions at a store. have to this I pull us there in At stood if up and asked him he could swim. He us that it was and that anythe boat." But the man was a told obstinate. bit all " No. round Departure Bay was only six miles away from Nanaimo. Our plan was to find a deserted shack on the edge of the forest and ensconce ourselves there for the winter. White . Bob laughed." I re- we don't want the job just yet. and he turned back got on the wharf again I and struck him in the When we turned face. He knew what at once. I meant. a lot about We Bob and I had heard such they led that well if them and the calm life that we thought it would be as we took it on for a time.With He the Indians : 237 all I " It's stopped pulling. right. and said " Don't you want the job ? right. would have an easy time of it there along with the Siwash Indians who lived round about.

He now for it said he for wouldn't live in civilisation thing. He gave the life big praise. Si washes were small. And also we found quite a number of white men who turned out as were living with the Indians. There was nothing all anybut to work in your days like a dog. These Si wash Indians were like the Chilkats. we had been told. We did find a suitable shack. mild faces. They liked white men. strapping. Many of them had taken squaws for their wives. They were most hospitable. in no way who were big. straight fellows. with savage eyes. and lent us the pots and pans we needed. and die His talk put the end like a cur! in me mind of the talk of the poor old Canadian who was knifed by the big Chilkat.238 men were in A Man Victoria had lots Adrift told us that there of shacks fellows had deserted lying around that after the life had palled It upon them. The men. stockily-built with flat. One old man had lived there for twenty years. and tolerated the missionaries who .

learn. they looked exactly like large gnomes. A potlatch xwas . from the standpoint of civilised ethics. When talking to a Siwash one had usually Chenook was to fall back upon Chenook. Some of them were the quaintest-looking little men tall. curious curious ceremony that it a most was most practical. With their conical hats made out of bark. got fixed up comfortably in our shack. all of us white men were after Soon we invited by the Siwashes to assist in is. moist language that seemed It was hard to be without consonants. and was easy to had. A potlatch was given.With the Indians 239 gave them religion mixed with presents. I had ever set eyes upon. It was an odd. a polyglot language invented by the traders so that they might the more easily do the for a white man to get the different tribes of Indians out of all they This language only contained about three hundred words. Their language sounded most strange. hang of it. One could imagine them stepping up from out of the earth.

and everyWhen he had become rich he this feast everyit would give a feast. the knowledge that he was honoured by his tribe as a good and generous man. he would be saving up all his life. up all he could for Sometimes. matter. This was a potlatch. money. blankets. Adrift and : it manner was got up in the A Siwash would save years. To one would be invited . ammunition. it mattered not whether they were strangers. Presents were given to everyone. or enemies. passing white man race who had crushed them and was if robbed them of their country to the potlatch as invited warmly as he were of the tribe. as reward. Everytill one ate and drank and made merry last of the wealth was gone. And the feast went on. thing. of the Even race did not The stray. fishing-nets.240 a big following A Man feast. knives. . friends. He to all would deny himself everything so as be able to gather together wealth of kinds rifles. the The Indian who gave it had. mattered not whether they were of the tribe or not. indeed.

Q We . religion of the Indian taught The to him it amass wealth so that he might give to others. and Bob and I got ammunition. The far potlatch was given in a great tent away in the forest. At this potlatch a feeling of disgust and shame came over me when I thought of the men of my own race who had the presumption to try and thrust their religion on a race who possessed a religion of their own and that could impel fine acts. By the acts shall one know of the worth of religions. The feast lasted four days. drinking.With the Indians 241 To give a big potlatch was the great ambition of the Indian's life. them to such noble By the fruit shall one know the tree. and some things of which we were in need for our shack. had the finest time men could have singing and dancing and eating and We felt so much at home. for presents blankets. it even though he knows he must get sin out of blood and and misery. just as it is the great ambition of the white man's to life amass gold for himself.

too ! liked. who had lived out of civilisation for twenty years. he argued he had and they turned married one in fact ! And the out to be the best wives going. and the old fellow. There was an old Indian with whom I both tried got on particularly well. You did what you life was easy. Lots of white men had married squaws. told me that Bob and I ought to settle down with the Indians and live our lives out with them. and you could salt enough down for the winter. summer time you . you. and who had had experience of many potlatches. You were asked because you were a human being. to tell each other all we knew. with an intelligent face We and kindly eyes. and you were responsible In the to no one but yourself. could get all the salmon you wanted. He was a nice old fellow. When men the potlatch was over we white went back to our shacks on the edge of the forest.242 You were A Man Adrift was so sincere. This Indian hospitality not asked because they knew or because you might be interesting.

without afterwards sending out men to insult this One would was a at it race by telling them that their religion false one. only drawback was They were a lot of loaf- ing hypocrites. upon correct deduction from think that to conquer and subjugate a race was bad enough. even when looked from the low standpoint of expediency. Besides. The the missionaries.With the Indians the forest was old full 243 so the Flour and tobacco were easy to get. and of game. . and who corrupted the Indians. tried to spring a religion upon who them that was not so good as their own ! This was a strong opinion for the old man to give vent to concerning the mis- sionaries. Men in will forgive you for beating them but they will not forgive you for interfering with their inherited ideas of what is sacred and holy. is impolitic to allow the religion of a " " race that is called savage to be inter- fered with. war. must say that experience has shown me that the opinion was But a I based facts. And man ran on.

.244 A. Man often Adrift undo the doings of Missionaries armies and great generals. The old man who lived with the Siwashes was right in what he said.

had just deserted the vessel upon which had shipped from Nanaimo. had been singing in the and several people had said to Why don't you go down to 'Frisco " and go on the stage ? me. And of I I at last I found myself at the foot Market Street in 'Frisco. The in idea in my mind Nanaimo. and thought I would glitter first like to try for awhile the tinsel and and ease of the formed itself I stage. I was in 245 . months DeI Bob stayed with them. In " Nanaimo saloons. I had of the sea and the mountains I and the Indians. with the at where returned after several living Siwash Indians parture Bay.XVIIL IN 'Frisco I A NEW PHASE become tired went on the stage. I never saw him again. wondering.

And I was brown and hardlooking and weather beaten as tough a looking specimen of the genus one could lay eyes on. Billy Furst. a belt and a sheath knife. He looked . and singers going in them from across the road. Indians in the confused me. go The hurry and bustle of the town after the quietude of life in the solitude of the mountains. Civilisation was be- ginning to get on I my nerves. on the possessed a hardened constitution.246 'Frisco! A Man ? Adrift to get I stage But how was I That was the rub. and with the forest. a used up merchant sailor's suit which to the I had on me. I the Tivoli in Nanaimo to go to House on Eddy Street. plucked up went in and saw the conductor. This was the extent of my capital through and through. However. I watched My courage to had deserted me. and coin of the realm amount of four dollars and a half. and I was afraid in and ask to be taken as a singer. saw the spruce-looking for rehearsal. I homo as had been told went there. Opera It and I was eleven in the morning.

He I laughed. I remember when I worked . and that I had come down to San FranI was cisco to go on the operatic stage. I managed In by myself. and then he asked me if Then he engaged me I could. I told living with Indians in Vancouver Island.A New at Phase I 247 looked so me in an astonished way rough. sing in the different operas. I was very fond of music. my knockings around afterwards I studied it I used to buy up whenever I could. music. and so unlike a vocalist. He asked I was. When England I I was a boy in the North of used to spend my sixpences in the gallery of the theatre when going to an opera was on. and practise reading at sight. for the chorus. The trial satisfied my could read him. I had heard the great tenor. but tried voice. Joseph Maas. and where I him that I had been came from. The love of music stimulated me to try and pick up a knowledge of to learn to read a little it. Thus I managed to learn to read even difficult music. I said. me who and what tired of sailoring. vocal scores.

transition was so abrupt. It was . It now served me in good in place of having to tackle a lime- was going a long way off to juicer some vague. distant place I was able to tackle the tinsel and glitter and ease of that the stage at the munificent salary of eight dollars a week. I they paid raw chorus singers nothing in particular about all who the passed that memorable morning between the conductor and myself and the singers who stood won't go into that round wonder-struck. This hour when I ability to read music I was the only thing me.248 at Shaft A Man Adrift 19 going to New York one pay " day and buying a score of Verdi's Aida." after and studying it hour had done work. But I must say that night " when the was on the stage that was opera being given I the strangest Orpheus and Eurydice feeling came over me that I ever had in " my The life. for. Billy Furst told me that was all knew stage. literate had about stead. gazing on me as if I were some wild animal.

I was not playing as yet. lovely white stunned knocked was women. to be sure. who would every now and then come up to me and ask me how I liked living with the Indians. Furst thought that was as well for me come and After all. and colour. getting taken on here was the The odds were a purest kind of luck. It just chanced that the conductor took an terest in in- me. and what sort of a life it was. was Imagine it! Here and brilliant light soft. and I was hard-looking and toughlooking enough to look my story. To I say that it I was bewildered would be the mildest to put in way out. thousand to one against me. flower of civilisation. At the time they didn't . wearing my weather-beaten to merchant it sailor clothes. and captivating. I was just standing in the wings.A New coming a comic brilliant Phase life 249 with right from the midst of the Indians in Nanaimo company to the midst of opera that gaudy. My story had circulated round. grand music. see what the stage was like as soon as possible. possible.

After roughing it had been the change was delightful. . As the I was a was sent up into flies to help the fly-man with the ropes attached to the drops and borders and curtains. Food was cheap For a quarter one could get a good course dinner and a small bottle of wine. The mildness of the climate made it possible to live on almost like I one meal a day. A got for dollars fifteen good breakfast could be cents. but suppose was an excuse put forward by Furst so that I could draw my salary. dollars a week. I on as did had not caught would have had to ship out sailor I of 'Frisco. I found that I could live well in 'Frisco on eight there. It was a saving management. much use that this to the fly-man. and not be charged anything extra for coffee. and a room for two a week.250 really A Man want I Adrift If I singers. that I could He put I told the management the time in like this the next opera don't think I was of for I while to I was waiting be put on. This was at the conductor's suggestion.

alluring if charm It seemed lived to me I had never really before. Here so the people were so far and quiet and seemed to be an air of passive still away and critical. That wonderful. As stood on the stage the lights and the watching faces behind them produced a curious. But the nervous feeling soon wore off. first When as I the night came I was as nervous if I were going to play a big part. I had. And felt somehow was more looked at than anyone else. At " I was an object of curiosity to the other chorus singers.A New The first Phase 251 opera that was put on was I Erminie. enjoyed the rehearsals very much. chilling effect on me. The magic and vitality of the music and the scene and the glowing lights got into my blood. I was near to them. The stage as thrilled strange charm of the me. of course." a beautiful. ! subtle. was of them. but after a while they got used to me. . There hosas if I tility about I them. bright opera. but then sung before an audience before.

and Italians. who was it . My comrades in the chorus were made up chiefly of Germans. Billy Furst. The life I had led had made me overready to fight. Frenchmen. chance to play a principal I did not stay long at the Tivoli. alike. chance at it Poor chorus singers This ! ! them was always saying how attitude of mind of theirs was so human and life pathetic. men. But was mainly through my own fault. is One of the hard things in to feel that you have never had a part. In one way they were all All of and them thought they had wonderful voices just and true methods of producing tone. and intelligent on the whole. They as did not think singers. much of the principals One or other of well they could play the principal part if they only If they only got a got a chance at it.2 $2 A Man first Adrift ! That a night on the stage in It marked new phase my life. cultivated They were. They were an odd lot of men unlike any I had ever come into contact with before. I was always quarrelling with the Germans.

A New favourably Phase 253 disposed towards me. and we thought we might It as well join forces. itself. This was about the time I met Ward. It was each day for and be thankful that yesterday had passed. life became rather hard for me. to live would be hard to for the effort we make on each it so strenuous that particular day was blotted out completely nearly everything that had happened on the preceding day.* But at last I kicked up too big a row. All the details of how we managed to tell. interceded several times with the manage- ment on my behalf. and to-morrow had not yet come. After this. I got discharged. but I had had deal out of enough of it. We were somewhat in the same fix. Our great aim in life was to get some- . for would be cheaper us to live together. I could have gone back to follow the sea again any time I wished. We had occupied the same small room. I had not been able to save a great my eight dollars a week.

I one to do it. and by hook or crook find the two dollars a week for our room. Besides. I That night fortune favoured the borrowed a quarter. initiative In tight was a nice fellow. and vigour of places he always looked brave. I He to me. we were a On week behind the already. and then where would she come things tone. but firm.254 A Man Adrift thing to eat. something? The only thing that was clear in my mind something was. in ? All this and other she told us in a suave but firm Steel in velvet is a bad thing to Something had to be done. She wanted the lucre. happened like this : . face. She was suave. but he lacked action. and she hazarded opinion that we would soon be another week behind. one occasion the landlady told us that we should have to get out on the next day. for was that whatever the would have to be the Ward was not to be depended upon. and with it It won ten dollars. and done But how was I to define that quickly.

He a said was unlucky to lend money for to it. The all baritone had been paid Tivoli. and as no one stopped. I assented. else would play with me I He came away jubilant. But he didn't see it. but I'd his salary that night at the have won it and every- thing else in sight. and when I Phase 255 baritone of the Tivoli Opera House at a bar in Market Street friends. but I had the luck of the won man in his last ditch. Finally I plucked up and tried to borrow " a quarter from one of them. was not stitious. however. blessing the man who .A New The was shaking dice with two of his me. I But before he knew where he was had ! won ten dollars off him. They all knew me sauntered in they asked as a matter of course to have a drink. Just for a shake. man and then gamble with him The baritone. and said he would win back off me just for fun. is quit." I put it it. As I was taking the drink I stood watching them. however. He lent it me supera quarter. wishing the while that I could take part in the game. tried to Poor baritone He who double or I every throw.

At another the corned beef was fine. and a go at the free-lunch counter. as he lay in the bed in our room. A Man dice. hungry hours. saloons were well known to us. . were unable even to raise the modest ten cents that We would procure us two drinks. The merits and demerits of the free-lunches of the and even the distant. The food was plentiful. neighbouring. and rattled the big silver dollars under his nose ! There were days when Ward and I abstained from food altogether. Adrift had invented Ward and I were I How astonished he was when woke him little up. full The life.256 saved. One was good for its soup at one o'clock. And at the saloon on O'Farrell Street you could eat all you were able without the bar- tender looking at you in a pained and pointed way. air is clear and bright I of But Ward and couldn't eat the climate in our trying. the climate of California is delightful. while at others it was choice but slight Of and course. but somewhat coarse of quality at some places.

If either of us had raised anything by that time we were to go over and have a feast at the Palace Restaurant. the corner of Phase 257 One evening we were holding one of were standing on and Market Streets. another way.A New our consultations. a place where you could get one helping of meat. fruit for ever. we hadn't eaten anything since the morning of the day before. a big cup of coffee. and butter you A meal like R . They had and there nearly is all been before. At still I last I had an idea ! Forlorn but Ward was to go one way. Different plans were brought up by us in turn. Our luck seemed to have gone from us altogether. such a thing as driving the Trees won't bear willing horse to death. and all "the bread could eat for fifteen cents. and we were was to go to meet in an hour's time at the corner an idea. where we were standing then. Eddy Our theme was how and where we should for We eat. but none of them seemed to be worth putting into execution. too There was tried much of the forlorn hope about them.

however. in walked quickly up to him. I going to the allotted forget. Come " ! on I exclaimed. His step became springy and elastic as he walked across Market Street . was much more satisfying than a raid on the best free lunch counter in 'Frisco. big Italian and borrow a dollar from him. We do in parted. it A Man Adrift where you could sit down and take comfortably. As he failed. I I to stand next to him when bass in the Tivoli chorus. near I I got could see by his face that he had saw him approaching. I took his to the arm. waiting for was back to at up. was another man. Let's go over Palace and eat " ! He Ward's face brightened up wonderfully. as " It's all right.258 this. I In about an hour's time the corner. and smiled " a large and joyous sort of way. was to go and try and find Napoleoni Galliani a fine. What Ward was time. before I sang first But that was got the sack. cheerily. Ward come Soon. My used plan. I He had been unsuccessful.

deliberately. me it the bill. took the which was a heavy one for the place. I I did it He was a German. and then lit my cigar at the little gas-jet I which burned at the desk. seated had helpings of meat and fish and everything in sight. but on this occasion he He was a tall. Ward was a most valiant and capable enjoying a good meal. I'll settle the bill. then we walked -bills I easily to up to the desk where the paid. We trencherman. with fair hair and . Then and the cashier. We would light them at the desk as we were last the feast At off going out. with a great natural aptitude lanky man. and I topped by ordering two good cigars. " had be presented to Here nodded Ward and Go on. and examined leisurely to see if all the items were correct. As we stood up to I go the waiter handed bill." Ward walked out into the street. simply surpassed himself. for the putting away of food. very turned slowly to handed him the bill. And and said.A New Soon we were Phase 259 and in the Palace. it was over.

looked so steadily and squarely Put that on the shelf right behind you till I come in to-morrow. and I A the angry look gradually never uttered a word. but always I kept my eye on his eye. chance of being half-killed by the waiters and bouncers." I " There. didn't take over a left his face. to the desk. He thing all The whole It few seconds." repeated. " came run into his face. I kept upon him a firm and fixed stare. and did as I bid him. He realised that I had come into the bill it. restaurant. remember his eyes well. but said nothing. His . paused. slowly. and had up a big to without money pay for having the This was a danger- man ran a ous thing to do in 'Frisco." I said in an even voice. on the shelf. was over before the next customer had come up Put that on the shelf behind you. The German looked at the bill. Then an angry look into them. " He turned. pointing to the bill.260 because I A Man I Adrift soft blue eyes. thought he was going to shout for help.

" I said. . " No. I saw Ward. If he had known the true state of face. light for Phase Then I 261 took another my cigar. and walked out very had been looking through the window. You had no money " I he gasped. affairs calmly and easily.A New eye met mine again. taking the whole A look of horror was in his thing in. He he would never have been able to " eat a mouthful.

Why he was called Count Straps was one of the mysteries that of California. was a rather mild-looking young man. How Come and have a are you getting on? drink. was going down Market Street wondering what would turn up caught sight of Count Straps ambling towards me from I when suddenly road. "Hello! ""he exclaimed. " Glad to see you." Not wishing to hurt his feelings. who wore long hair and a cowboy hat. across the He knew me when I The Count was singing at the Tivoli. EARNING THIRTY DOLLARS I ANOTHER time next.XIX. Report had it he had run dollars in through three hundred thousand two years. as he shook hands with me. 262 I con- .

as he turned and signalled to the bartender to let us I have another drink. to no money I had But happily I was deceived. taking some friends for a month's cruise down the coast to Santa Barbara am and back again. what effect his And you can look out for things generally." quickly. he " I said. turned and looked at him. seen the game worked before. and saloon. The Count had not yet got down to bed rock. " I want you I to come aboard my yacht. I nexed three sandwiches. I reflected rapidly as walked over to the lunch counter and annexed more . You've been a to see " sailor " ? He paused a little words had upon me. 263 nearest we turned into the Here a magnificent I was struck my gaze. The impressiveness of his tone almost made me think he had pay for the order." he concluded. Two " lagers ! a bold tone to the bartender. as finished my lager.Earning Thirty Dollars sented. glad been considerate Count's offer as " in I free lunch I that had the enough to accept walked over and ancalled out the Count.

if Oh I put in. I think a month away from 'Frisco would do both myself and the town good. money end of it off. Count? clothes. "But." But no worse than fact." he assented. "You can have thirty dollars at the end of the trip. If you had Thirty dollars at Will that do?" It you'd only spend it. would it do.264 sandwiches. I'll we'll call the go with you anyhow." No. So at the was settled that I wharf on the next day. we won't call it off. I'm broke. "when a man has no money he I should dress well." anything in it. " A Man A But Adrift month's cruise would do me no harm! Done ! "Done!" is I exclaimed. " You don't need the it money now." he said. sagely." " things are tight. the end of the trip. dollar. . and I need a suit of do." he added. should turn up And the Count lending me a we parted. self. looking " I there " You It me up do my- and down. suppose I shall soon was a have " to turn into a " ! dude myself. Count.

in mind as far as an outfit was was me this only thing necessary for to do was to create a bit of an imposing I The effect as appeared on the wharf.Earning Thirty Dollars I 265 was sorry I was not able to share the dollar with Ward. If it came on from the I to rain I would borrow oilskins Count or one of his friends. was hailed with a shout from the Count when I appeared the next morning. getting together of was a job that would not The my belongings take up very I much of my time. but he had left 'Frisco to go to work on a ranch. did not bother me much. for it is not cold off the coast of California. who were I standing with him on the wharf. I This I polished up. . All that had was a This couple of shirts and some socks. At once he introduced me to his friends. got my landlady to lend me lain an old worn portmanteau which had for a long time in her lumber-room. glanced if down sideways was looked it at the in portmanteau which swinging all my hard. I With end in view. to see right. Thus my easy concerned.

the too Count had excelled himself much himself. I in effect the captain of the away hold prevailed upon him to stow nearly all the drinkables in the . beautiful little was a sloop-rigged boat of about fifteen tons. I ran my eye over his yacht. for he had got wines and spirits aboard to stock enough a canteen. full-looking appearance. I thought to myself. had helped out the shirts and socks It with some books and old papers. but I wonder how he The truth was. It was all very well to be excelled jovial. Cruising along a coast always wants careful watching. for things of late had not been going satisfactorily with I me in the eating line. being yacht. but too much joviality would get us on the rocks. had been subsisting mainly on hopes and free lunches. She looked well and fit. I told him. And. accessory to the trip rather interested me. In this particular I found in that fact.2 66 It I A Man Adrift had a polished. She'll do. this has grubbed her. and steered with a tiller.

but he it all right. and damned vigour. We The Count had to steer while I taken it upon himself tended jib. nearly knocked two of to stop his friends overboard. for my . though it was into the wind. I 267 found that I but I was not only capwas the crew as well for the . The mate leaned over the I the rail. Count came in and too.Earning Thirty Dollars Soon tain. The main boom. were nearly run down four or five times. How we got safely out of harbour and through the Golden Gates to will always remain a puzzle me. The steamer managed as we were right under her bows with our mainsail shaking and flopping. Count's friends knew nothing about the ways of a boat. steamer tried to cut across the He He would have made risky. while he himself only knew enough to take risks. bows of a big which was coming head on to us. swept round. On one occasion we were within an ace of it. and with cursed fluency share. the yacht get up and she jibed before we let knew where we as it were.

After this I took the tiller myself.268 But the the A Man 'Adrift Count got the lion's share of benediction because he was at the tiller. us. When I put this to him with emphasis. to think to save Before that had had no time about anything but trying the had passed through yacht. and out into the free water. he would certainly have lost his yacht. he became himself again. Then began to think a little I about the situation. of whom knew fifth less I nothing about sailoring. fellows in Here was four I with five a boat. and ourselves. as far as and the was con- . I was in a situation at once ludicrous and dangerous. than nothing. and some of us perhaps our lives. The Count's dignity was injured a little by the variety and vigour of the insults and He epithets the mate had hurled at him. did the Count ! At I last we were through the Golden Gates. And. I a succession of bad quarter-hours. didn't seem to realise that we were precious lucky to get off with only a left-handed If the steamer had struck benediction.

Count himself. but a reed ! had entered upon this pleasure-trip depending on me to pull it through safely. I would have to do absolutely all the work! None of them could be trusted to take a watch. in the situation but the humour was distime. I would have hard work and anxiety all the It He There was humour. would be no pleasure-trip for me. and telling me all sorts of .Earning Thirty Dollars cerned. for none of them could steer. to the fore. Besides. I 269 myself didn't know too much about the handling of a boat with a fore and aft rig. He was a nice fellow. very much four friends were in the cabin. in San We I ran along till it began to get dark Count's at the tiller all the time. he was on deck. . The They were As for the sick. I am thankful to say. I had hardly any knowledge of the coast. counted by the danger. the adventures the yacht had gone through in getting out of harbour proved And the Count to be a reed of the most broken kind. to be sure. I began to wish I had stayed Francisco.

At That's all right. I've been there before. place where we could run in for the night ? If I'm to be the captain and crew all rolled up into one. incredulously. "Tell me. suddenly. Adrift things about nothing in particular. when Cregan was running me. I had asked him the question more to shut I thing else." amazement." I hadn't been listening to what he had been saying. indicating the " It's a little bay with a sandy. for him up than anywas irritated right through. that point." said nothing. gave me His being of any use at a pinch a decided shock. I deter- ." he replied. direction. I might as well have a little sleep. the Count did know of a little bay where we could run utter in To my and shelter. to seemed too good His remembering be true." I asked. shelving bottom.270 last I A Man " said. but headed for the direction it he gave me. "Where?" I "Off over behind asked. We ought to make hour with I the yacht for half an it in this breeze. as I gave " do you know of a the tiller a shove.

let I down the anchor as the jib and dropped ran her up close to the in Then we took after this. As captain. We . and that there was no one to Also. the Count deferred to me as to whether or not drink should be allowed. But I thought that cipline. and we all had a jolly supper Soon together in the cabin. that as pilot. of the tell place was. The drinkables were brought into requisition. The Count shore. the Count was mattered unable to me. It did turn out all right. the mainsail. What the name little. might as well relax dison the grounds that we were at I anchor. the others got over their sea sickness. the Count was really in charge of the ship. But that The fact of his piloting me to it at all helped me to forget his curious method of steering us through the harbour in the morning. for sure I enough ran the yacht into as fine a little anchorage as one could wish for.Earning Thirty Dollars mined if it 271 have a turned out all right to better opinion of him in future. made a night of it discipline but myself.

three days. just the same. After all there was something to be said in favour The of knocking about the world. . But surely. old proverb had it that a rolling stone gathered no moss. this It to Here we stayed two or was a most beautiful bay bay where the English rover had cast his anchor in the long ago. and told me various stories. In time we worked our way down Drake's Bay. into it in the morning.A Man The next Adrift day things went on more smoothly. but I had to do all the steering The Count tended the jib. And we made another night of it. and had had the excitement of getting through a fortune in a hurry. time. I and the sun was shining as with a soft. it shines only in California brilliance. When was night came we little anchor again in another at least a The Count good pilot. The sky We got was gloriously blue. He had been a good deal around. . His friends stayed drinking below in the cabin most of the dropped bay.was glad that my golden wanderings had led me to such a country.

if would they do replied saying what I the crew mutinied. and his friends were most jovial and com- got all the drinkables panionable. and stowed them in the cabin. the captain would come the front most effectually. in 273 became the rolling the stone bright ! We here in enjoyed ourselves while we were loafing and lazing around on shore the sun in the daytime. We The Count joked me. agreed with him that it was an excellent idea provided no one caught us carrying it out. in civilisation There was began a flavour to of piracy about the suggestion reminiscent of the old buccaneers who had made this s . and sleeping The Count aboard the yacht at night. out of the hold.Earning Thirty Dollars at least. that if the crew to mutinied. chasten Living me. A few hours before our time for sailing out of the bay the Count made a proposal. and as we were short of fresh meat he said it would be a good idea to scout I around and shoot a calf. There were some cattle scattered over the hills.

made themselves in killing There was no use that anyget idea. part We of the I had trip. Having through whole days to tell was rather wearying. would be too long a story I about the second half of the to say that I Enough was to more than earned the money As get from Count Straps. We started out on the But no calves were to be found. would be too heavy to Besides. suasion idea. thing aboard. got through We stayed here some time. as captain and crew needed a to steer continuously in succession It thought the rest.274 A Man Adrift part of the Californian coast one of their stamping grounds. trip. There were nothing but big cows and bulls or The calves must have known bullocks. the mind of the Count to give ran on veal. I But after a little per- began to see the romance of the When you are amid the ruins of naturally apt to feel some! Rome you are what Roman scout. We had up the At before last we were first riding safe at anchor Santa the Barbara. of our evil intent. and scarce. .

But I managed to sheer away. me to drink. but I felt that I needed all my to wits about me to and it. we almost through. deadly roar of the surf. only that we were usually able to put in somewhere at night I could never have had to do all pulled As it was. the Golden Gates. I 275 And the steering. manage the tiller. too. I had her through When I got to the wharf. keep a lookout I had to leave and run forward I to tend the jib when- ever I got the put the boat about. I When heard the roar of the breakers thought we were done for. and. Drunken shouting and singing from the cabin below mingled with the ugly. They wanted drinking with his friends. after an anxious time. but he saw too Count up to pilot me. by good luck .Earning Thirty Dollars before. I was just beginning to see the black heads of the rocks in the moonlight. many I lights at once. I side the harbour of had made the mistake of trying to get in in the The Count was in the cabin night-time. went ashore on the Seal Rocks just outSan Francisco.

The next The pocket. his was over day I walked up Market trip ! Street with my thirty dollars safe in my first The Count had been as good as word. . I threw him. as fervently thanked the hauled in the yacht and made I her fast. Lord. and hitched it round the line a spile.276 A Man And I Adrift He grabbed a loafer was hanging around. And I I went to to into the tailor's shop came buy myself a hand-me-down suit of clothes.

gressive from intensity. In Calcutta he .XX. in Greenland he is 277 . am and lounger that will sure that every globe-trotter agree with me in saying in a difference latitude in makes a corresponding of the sun's distinct difference rays. little to lounge through sunshine. For the sunshine the of California is past sunshine of any other part of the I planet. I the quality mean is moods. quality as Sol has varied piercingly ag- London he makes you sad because of the doleful way in which he in veils his face in fog . and I thought might as well take a ing the have a look around California relaxation after captainI would like to Count's yacht. LOUNGING THROUGH SUNSHINE dollars left after I HAD twenty buying the I suit of clothes.

and third thing that is talked about. in People who have month pounders. He shines with un- Climate California. their lucid hardly been It is become the country a confirmed climate -ex- impossible to escape from and exhaustive way of putting If you wish to become unpopular and it. He in his best mood. sultry brilliance. brilliant as His in rays once as they are in Calcutta. too. all you have to do is to barely hint that the climate perfection. San Franciscan skies. in the after to walk along Market Street . and seems as not for this world. from praising to the and that is is thing This part of the climate. their effect as and as mild and genial they are in England. he were for his But he makes up is delinquencies. is the is most the vital topic in It first. second. there Californian refrains is one thing that the the or.278 A Man in California Adrift if pale and ethereal. is not quite absolute However. are at He behaves himself. rather. despised. If you are foolish enough sand.

you begin to feel sorry for ever having come to 'Frisco. look at you in reproachful The Chinese have a great Francisco. and to wonder feebly at the Californian's climate- When next you hear him praising faculty. pleased-to-meet-you kind of sand. and. ears. a block or two. you will. pockets. if you are unwise. After it has dallied with you for a quarter of an hour. The kona gathers it up from the neighIt is an affectionate and bouring hills. hazard a sarcastic remark about the of this will sand. You are in the midst of Mongol. mouth. lo you are Chinese the filth. and gets into your eyes. under your vest. and morbidness of the Aye.Lounging through Sunshine 279 noon when the kona or trade wind is blowing from the Pacific Ocean. you speedily will become acquainted with this sand. squalor. losing himself in a panegyric concerning the gilded benefits climate. nostrils. You have but ! hold in San to turn Clay Street from Kearney Street. For answer the panegyrist silence. the Chinese have come . up walk in a city. and everywhere it can.

who move around gravely. you want to see California at its however. Their playing with one another. Even the very streets are as narrow and uneven as they are in the lower quarters of a town in far-away China. Adrift here to stay. under the shadow of a great mountain. No. you must not stop in San Francisco. is As I said before. If best. animated wax dolls. for Take lies It example. The . Here to its you will find California living up reputation.280 their A Man Here theatres. their uncanny-looking smoking opium mixed with tobacco from queer-looking shops. and themselves. Stretching out before it is the laze and heave of the great Pacific Ocean. the sand too familiar and affectionate for one's comfort. Santa Barbara. if such their solemn movements can be called. look like quaint. are their joss-houses. you must go south. Little Chinese children. pipes. has all the gravity of some religious ceremony. You is will find the climate as as they say it glorious and as beautiful is which saying a great deal.

It realises the ideal of the greatest descriptive writers. two hundred years old. You town on and on to in at last a little seems come up out of the the soft It is waters.Lounging through Sunshine 281 scenery around this part of California is the most wonderful and beautiful in the world. a tithe of the beauty of Santa I In a way. for through the best vigour part of the year its heat is not calculated to They must have been make one think of Heaven. a relic of the Spaniards. it possessing not Barbara. snow-topped mountains sail rise and till rise before you. A town framed sun of gold. I believe . house here. Forty miles inland you Angeles. possessed of great of imagination. high. is a hard-looking town. It is a is come upon Los a Before it is a desert of sand. As you approach from the seaward great. clear fire of a Santa Barbara. Byron himself has not imagined a land-picture more There is a Jesuit missionmagnificent. can't for the life of it me after see why the Spaniards named the angels. strange-looking town town that at once old and young.

282
there
that
is

A Man
a
fiction

Adrift
effect

abroad to the
of climate.

Los Angeles has everything
in

to
I

be

desired

the

way

am
to
I

sorry to

have to be heretic enough

deny

this.

The name

of the

town,

suppose, sounds well to the far outsider. He doesn't know, of course, that one of
the interesting things about the climate of California is the fact that it changes

tremendously within the radius of a There is a big difference few miles. miles coast and between the fifty
inland.

Yes,

I

named

this

wonder why the Spaniards It town after the angels.

could hardly be that the heat of it made them think of the fallen angels when they were christening it, for the Spaniards were conquerors of the devoutest calibre.

They slew and prayed and prayed and
slew,
in

presume, they indulged both these pastimes at one and the same time. Again, it might have been
often,

and

I

that a sense of the

humorous was upon them when they were performing the But this is hardly town's baptismal rite.

Lounging through Sunshine 283
probable, for they were civilisers, and, as everyone knows, civilisers are an
earnest,
stern,

unhumorous

lot.
it

A

joke

must have a

steel point to

can appreciate it. No, it have been humour nor irreverence that

before they could neither

prompted the Spaniards as
ing
deep,

to

the namis is

of

this

place.

The
to

reason
life

a
too

artesian
try

mystery,

and

abrupt to of it.

and probe
is

the

bottom

This town

the

For the

benefit of

home of the tamale. those who have never

known
what
its
it it

street at midnight,
is

the joy of eating a tamale on the I must try and describe

made

of,

what
In

it

is

like,
first

and

effect
is

generally.

the

place,

very warm to the hands, and looks like an overgrown bunged-up banana. It
of chicken, corn meal, strong spices, and other things known and unis

made up

These are all boiled and mashed up together, and laid out on big corn
known.
leaves,

shape of the aforesaid banana, and tied up at both Then a man stands on the corner ends.
rolled into the

which are

284
He

A Man
as

Adrift

late at night to sell

them to the rounders. them steaming in a big tin keeps
just

boiler,

they do

Indian

corn

in

New

York.

You

give him a dime, and
fork.
;

he hands you out a tamale on a

You grab

the tamale off the

fork

you

strip off its leaves,

and commence

to en-

joy yourself, thinking the while that there is some good after all in the skill and intelligence of man.

The effect
It

of the tamale

on one

is

great.

warms you up from
going

top to toe like

good old wine, feeds you,
feel that things are

and makes you
well

optimistic, generally. forget your radical, destructive ideas, and begin to think kindly even of old time,

You become

moss-covered

institutions.

I

have seen
York,
but

and eaten

tamales in

New

they are no more to be compared with the Los Angeles - - or angel tamales than well, words fail to tell the difference.

In this town you get good wine at a low Of course, the wine hasn't got the price.
ancient and hoary pedigree of a wine of Southern France, but then I need hardly

Lounging through Sunshine 285
faked-up wine with an alleged ancient pedigree of the hoary and that also the order, possesses
point out
that

bad,

additional

merit of
is

being tremendously

expensive, able thing
against.

desirhardly the most in the world to stack up

do towhisper softly what you can put off till to-morrow." I day can well understand how the older inhabit:

seems

gets into the knack of using up a great deal of time in the doing of nothing. The very air " to Never

After awhile here one

ants have attained to such a degree of skill " in the subtle art of killing time. Hurry

a phrase which has lost its meaning for them. They are the masters of time
up,"
is

instead of being

its

slaves.

This

is

all

wrong, from a New York or London But then it is comfortable standpoint.

and comfort
all.

isn't

such a bad thing after

know people who have from the Eastern States by just got the way they bustle round trying to do
It
is

easy to
in

four things

at

once.

But

in

time they

286
become

A Man
wise,

Adrift
calm

and

down.

The

climate soothes them.

people plant orange trees in their gardens, and the effect of the bright

The

green leaves and
beautiful.

full

golden

fruit is

most

The country round about is most favourable to the cultivation of oranges. You may drive along by orange groves
for miles

and

miles.

guard them. have to do is to stop your horse, get out, and help yourself. The proprietors don't
to

There are no fences Think of it! All you

mind

the fruit

is

so plentiful.

During

the picking season the tramps come down from San Francisco to help to gather in Their pay is a dollar a day the crop.

and

their

board.

For
in

once
to

they

for-

swear
the

their

allegiance

the

god

of

Rest, and indulge
toil
is

a

little

toil.

But
it

light,

and they go about

gently.

Tough-looking specimens of the genus homo are these tramps. But they are all
healthy and vigorous of look, and
faces are thoughtful of expression.
their

Like

Lounging through Sunshine 287
the

Hindu

philosophers, they

are

much

leisure
selves.

given to introspection. They have the to discover themselves to them-

The

climate

is

also

favourable

to

their

intellectual

development.
East,

They
in

come here from the
winter things
unfreshing, in love with
enthralled.
in

where
are

the

general

cold

and
fall

and
the

immediately
country.
bless

they

They
for

are

They
become

God

having
ardent

made such a
and
land
I

beautiful, easy-to-loaf-in land,

they

sincere

and

patriots
till

who

are willing to stay with that

death.
like to

would
in
is

say a word as to the has come to the consustained

tramp

America.
a

He
work

man who
hard,
for his

clusion
is

that

labouring
health.
;

general little of it now and then is all right but at it for a month or a year is not to keep
to

bad

A

be thought

of.

Reasoning thus, he becomes a tramp. He goes from place to place, from spot
to spot.
for

Gradually he develops his

gift
full-

thinking.

He

becomes

a

288
fledged

A Man

Adrift

philosopher upon the subject of

work.

Don't run away with the idea that our tramp walks very much. Don't imagine that hour after hour he is climbing up
hill

and down

dale.

No, he

is

too clever
is

for that.

And

besides,

America
in

a big,

It abounds wide country. prairies and chains of lofty

immense

mountains.

Walking
toil.

it

would smack of the nature of
rides.

No, our tramp

He
his

presses the

railway companies takes advantage of
civilisation.

into

service.

He
of

the

resources
is

At bottom he
of
persons.
is

really

the

most
this.

civilised

Don't forget
without

He

a

voluptuary

income.

Also he has a certain sense of honesty. He is too honest to rob any poor man
out of a day's work.
perish.

He

would rather

not particular as to his accommodation when he is taking a ride on a
is

He

train.

He

doesn't

want something

for

nothing, and that something of the very

He would like to see America foreign prosperous countries. as people usually do. the negro question. He is not particular. reads them. a box-car or on the bumpers. rara avis an uncritical deadhead. in under the Or he will ride in engine on the trucks. workings in the Chinese question. . and disthrown-away papers. But he gets when the train on again when the train starts. He will take his ride on the cow-catcher of the engine.Lounging through Sunshine 289 He is that best. interest in He say in with his in fellow interested the He is tramps. or on the front of the blindbaggage. or. seat will do. of the tariff. In common with all men who have nothing whatever to do with the governing of the State. And when the brakesman tells him to get off he does stops. and He respected thinks the by Government ought to build more ships and increase . if needs must. cusses what they say and what they don't politics. He No a gallery doesn't cry out for a stall. he takes an intense picks up old.

however. This doesn't appeal to rights the tramp. The who talk a lot about nothing. And. tie is sioners who go abroad there He feels a strong himself. He approvingly of the Commisto settle things. He soon resumes . time. But this weakness doesn't last long. for deep continuous thought has shown him that in the nature of things labour can have no rights. the strength He is not. what more the point. they make it pay- Occasionally the tramp becomes weak enough to do some work. They do the only very much the fine They down to to excel in art of settle things. The working man is striking or growling about the of labour. and. between these people and he same better. Either a man must work and shut up about must avoid working altogether. or he people who win the tramp's admiration are the Senators and Congressmen.2 go A Man of the Adrift Army. it. sitting is thing does. very strong on the rights of the working always man. at the also thinks same do nothing. live well.

as the tramp will inform you. Some people may think that there is no art in begging. It know what stranger As he goes along the at a glance the giving type of man for. The is tramp's real means of tell livelihood begging. is easy and healthy and shady. Peach-picking is what he favours most. much mistaken. he must be able to single out . The season lasts six weeks. Yes. They are rare. but they do they are takes a clever man to if to ask for street money. existence . and the peaches are delicious of aroma This work and taste.Lounging through Sunshine 291 his is wonted vigour. which a glance a "hand-out. the tramp develops into a skilful and expert beggar. " He is can will at house where he A hand-out" its get a a parcel of food. with the privilege of sleeping in the barn in the hay. The work." derives name from being handed out through a half-opened door. usually of a light and pleasant nature. there are really in men who like to give money to anyone who asks for it. He gets something a day and his board. however.

and well appointed. Beach stands a the little way from the town It is Coronado Hotel. stand great mountains. older part of this town which was . some States The Here the climate is perfection. temperature is pretty nearly the same all the year round between seventy-five and eighty degrees Fahrenheit. Behind it. in the Before distance.292 A Man he has money in the right Adrift The thing is to be but they do exist. It is a fine place for invalids. who travel to it from Its air is at once all parts of the world. able to single out this man. and is quite close to the frontier Mexico and the United line between six or eight miles from it. On Coronado it stretches the ocean. an immense there. and this he be mood. and then to know if if in his pocket. bracing and soft. To do requires genius. I hotel. the wealthiest of travellers Only may put up The only gazed at it. But let us go back to the land of sun- shine : San Diego lies to the south of Los Angeles.

The houses is very picturesque. great gorge which cuts mountains. From They them along were The way road to was the over side a of stage built a through the here is wild and grand. I went to see the Big Trees. but they age They are old at twenty . This is another little gem is of a town on the southern coast. The women early. she magnetic. They are stupendous immense of girth. and often are Here live the Mexiquaintly beautiful. and finely formed. six miles away. It here so cool and green and beautiful.Lounging through Sunshine 293 built by the Mexicans. and black They have a mixture of Spanish eyes. flashing of eye.five. often are beautiful. coloured. When is a Mexican woman is beautiful. are of adobe. They have coppery-coloured. and running up straight . The scenery And gloriously The magnificence of the trees is hardly to be described. can part of the population. swarthy faces. I remember the morning I first lounged into beautiful indeed Santa Cruz. and Indian blood in their veins.

some distance out. has an odd effect.294 for A. the waves to thunder there in wrath The Mexicans have because of the desecration of their land by the Gringos. Two hundred years ago the Jesuits built . You can hear the roar of In the town. vastness. these waves miles away. this roaring. You feel so all puny standing by the silent side of a tremendous Titan that has lived through the is centuries. a superstition conThey say that God has caused cerning it. There is nothing like where all is it along the whole coast of California. Man feet. wild storm. At point the waves thunder in with great because of a reef that lies force.coach This will give some idea of their passes. Adrift hundreds of One of them has a great hole cut through the base of its trunk through which the' stage . as of a constant. built right It also is this on the edge of the ocean. There a little town not very far from here called San Bueneventura. They are The effect is nearly of the same awesome. size. calm and clear and bright. or Americanos.

soldiers When had subjected the body. the it priests thought roof of rafted. it been It steady. of the indomitableness. In San Luis Obispo is about twenty miles I think inland from San Bueneventura. the church is low and heavily rude wooden benches wheresat are still The on the Indians there. is the It has been burnsanctuary light. roofed over with glass. her arms she holds the Babe. is all Not once has small through these two hundred out. The well to subject the soul. Typical never-dying persistence of the Jesuit. and In surmounted by a great wooden cross. ing there years. Some of the larger houses have curious inner courtyards. this is the most Mexican in appearance of all the towns in Southern California. and slow. simple altar a light burns. . and dark-looking. which is there still.Lounging through Sunshine 295 in this It is is town a church. a flame and blue and Before the altar the Virgin stands. long and low. Before It the small. it the Jesuits converted and baptized Indians after the the Spaniards had the crushed them into subjection.

tradition. The ease with which the Spaniards conquered the Aztecs was due to the fact that they believed the white men to be the sons of their god. He taught them useful arts. and they welcomed them. Quetzalcoatl was a white man probably from Europe. When thought the So goes the old legend. Quetzalcoatl. probably as far back as the birth of Christ. man who Quetzalcoatl was really a dwelt with the Aztecs.296 In chat and A Man Adrift them the Mexicans used to sit and smoke cigarettos. brance of this promise was kept alive by just as the Jews keep alive their belief in the coming of a Messiah. and when he left them he promised to come back again The rememwith a numerous progeny. The idea of building these glass-roofed courtyards was in the borrowed long ago from the Aztecs. was only when the white men had committed unheard-of atrocities and treacheries that that the Aztecs thought of trying to repel . whom themselves a mighty and powerful race Cortes conquered. Spaniards came the Aztecs their god had kept his It promise.

But even then the Aztecs were demoralised.Lounging through Sunshine 297 them. . fighting They thought they were the against sons of their god.

True. of this men little I The manager was one of the nicest company have ever met. but for place. and round the generally. he was a Slope shy about the all paying of salaries. And I must say that when he was telling one on salary day can't A of the wonderful things that would happen in the way of finance the week after he did way. it in a most pleasing and him. that his heart was in the right pay out what manager doesn't come in. artistic Everyone liked And I have heard people say that they would almost as soon work for him without salary as 298 .XXL OPERATIC FORAGERS THERE was pany that California Pacific a certain comic opera comused to go on tour through and Oregon.

a week. to the He would win over the hotel-keeper to let the trunks go. and not often able but this I when once weighed little with me came under the spell of the manager's magnetism. if he were unable to pay their his genius or unable to raise the fare to Then next stand. hotel Say bills. I the had heard. or he would deftly borrow five hundred or a thousand dollars from an almost complete stranger. He was a man with the true impresI ario's gift.Operatic Foragers for 299 I some managers with salary. of course. but was when his was pronounced. go would bud and blossom forth. company had got into a hole that he showed forth in his best form. can't say that It my devotion to him was as prostill it nounced as this. I was engaged by first this genial sing small bass in his chorus manager to and to play parts when fifteen called dollars salary was The upon. He described . decrepit. After had got back to 'Frisco from having an easy lounge through California. that ghost to was walk.

but I afterwards found out that the worst is beer better than the best Californian champagne. And when we the month was over the landlord of the hotel where the bulk of us were staying gave a champagne supper to the whole of the never forget that supper. and I was astounded to hear her tell the company.300 A Man Adrift the beauties of the country through which his company was to tour in a fine guide- book manner. I thought that she must be a very democratic prima donna indeed. and he dollars in advance. let me have five We believe was " opened the in 'Los Angeles. I will waiter that she wanted beer instead of champagne." In Los Angeles the ghost walked were paid our wages. I was sitting next to the prima donna." " " After that " lowed Student Boccacio and The Beggar and several other comic operas. We finished with "The Pirates of Pen- zance. first opera that " was put on fol- Der Fledermaus. . Here we I played for a month in the Pavilion.

we sat around. but borrowing money and soothnothing ing the wrath of hotel-keepers. How he At the however. Our position was serious. was to have the men of the company camp out in the mountains till he could raise enough money to open up the season again. and he last. to he explained. kept it up was a mystery. in the mountains. it struck him that company needed a rest. dis- cussing and wondering what we would have to do next. So we went out and camped in the Santa Ynez Mountains. no other town did we even make The manager was put our expenses. and there was plenty of game around us.Operatic Foragers After for in 301 we left Los Angeles we left home. One a scant morning. where he closed the season. after breakfast. to the necessity of showing forth in his He was doing best form the whole time. but we had only one decent shot in the crowd. True. . managed get us to Santa Barbara. We rifles we had had run out of food. His plan. and ammunition.

The the neighbouring stream would So simply have nothing to say to us. barn a lot We were a sad The ing at ladies of the company were stay- a cheap hotel in Santa Barbara. As we were arguing. Santa Barbara lay forty miles to the west. skill we had were in depended fishermen on our as hunters. was received with horror. with Thus we had come little away Alas. We trout bad also. a luminous idea suddenly broke in upon me. for the pig I referred to was one of a drove of pigs a pig ? I " that belonged to a rancher who allowed them to run in the mountains. bad The a rest have off. right on the trail coast. "Why not kill The suggestion suggested. No ! Such would a thing could not be thought of! It . comparatively food.3oa could A Man hardly Adrift luck. hit and he had had hundred yards generally. The way to it lay across a over parts of which a mule could not travel. here we were in the midst of plenty with no hands to grasp it.

emphasis upon this point.Operatic Foragers be nothing short of robbery robbery ! ! 303 Daylight pointed out that we might perpetrate the deed at night or at dusk. and. They were short of food. But I caught doing rather bad. and they were bad hunters and one could go right up and interview a pig . was budding forth vigorously in their minds. in fact. or at taken to arrested prison Santa Barbara. After a little while I could see by their faces that my suggestion had germinated. least it. thereby running less risk of having any If we were of the rancher's men see us. To be shot would be our . The only difficulty was the barrier raised up in their minds by . of course it would be to We and might get shot. though for the men around a ranch both in California were apt to believers good marksmen and The thing for quick justice. The seed had fallen on good ground. to us to do commit the deed expeditiously at I laid dusk. was without the introduction of a couple of hours' stalking. most be in likely fate.

needless to say. quite after the stout tenor's fancy. If a ranchman heard the shot. and ethics soon part company. rifle. Hunger When dusk came Charlie Johnson and sallied forth. I it. tenor of the company. and so as to leave no trace. shoot bury the offal had a spade.304 was soon A Man Adrift But this the sensitiveness of their ethics. surmounted by their need. and Charlie had a prepare it quickly. was stout. we based our chances of safety upon the probability of his thinking that The principal we were hunting. A smallish one. It was standing or six others. he said. Our plan was to get as close to a pig as possible. fifty not more than a hundred and I pounds exactly see at the weight. had given us a caution as to the size of the pig we were in to select. who. and Charlie knelt near five . time his reason for being so particular. day long we had been thinking of roast pig. Soon Charlie and I sighted what we took to be a suitable pig. didn't but afterwards it dawned upon me. and now was I All coming the beginning of the end.

and were getting nervous. and buried it evidences of our deed. took blazed aim. was then we saw that we than had killed a bigger pig we intended. There was a this chance any minute of our being fired u . and its grabbed strong. Plainly. deal. By we time night was upon us. This we passed through lifted the legs. while I had the other end of it my left shoulder. and cut we tied its down the limb up the carcase first. legs together. It 305 and away. Then we it. its it behind ear. But the pig was so heavy that we could go no more than a few yards before we had to put it down. The dusk had fallen upon After we had prepared the us too rapidly.Operatic Foragers down when near enough. and carried Charlie went with one end of the tree limb on his right shoulder. dropped with a bullet I rushed forward. of a small tree. on we had made a bad mistake as to the size. by one of it forelegs as it lay struggling furiously. It was horribly and knocked soon me but Charlie It about a good finished it with his knife.

bothered them. Nobody seemed feast to like the idea. they must all So back to camp we went. his forehead. but the getting The stout tenor was . old numbskulls! man! We are two Here are we taking all the risk in this business while the other fellows are luxuriously waiting in the feast when we arrive. The of it was all right. Hardly the best thing for us ! We would never be able to get to camp with our What were we to do? load. We stated the case to them as they stood around the There were a great many blank fire. our camp was nearly a mile away. but they will eat as shall. If go back camp." risk.306 ' A Man Adrift And upon or challenged by someone." mopped said. Perhaps more." hands help they eat. and make in turn. he " What should we do ? " " Do? to Why. looks. Suddenly I said to Charlie : "Look here. to carry it share the risk. let us leave the pig here. The moon was also coming up clear and strong. camp to begin They take no much of it as we "You're Charlie right.

we might If we were if wouldn't have been his funeral.Operatic Foragers especially indignant. Everything had been serene. it it to camp ourselves. prying ranchman had been around. so that 307 His idea had been carry shot. The I stout tenor said a few wanted to stay behind. In about an hour's time we were back with the pig. for us to kill a small pig. As serene as the No moon ! Soon a delicious odour was arising. No accident had occurred. He had foreseen what would happen a big one. but forcible things to him. And then we had a feast! . last the we killed hunger proved to them that the right thing to do was to come and take their chance. So we all left At logic of camp in a body.

if owned I had picked up somewhat. I suppose she report said. 308 ." her in porting played slaves and nobles and gladiators and circus- We and other things Roman. a night for sup" Theodora. HOW I I "RAN PROPS" I WHILST was in 'Frisco had the honour of suping with Sarah Bernhardt.XXII. and was getting ready to follow some Roman nobles who they looked quite critically at the great actress to see if she were as thin as She was not. She played a season at the Baldwin Theatre. got the princely allowance of fifty cents. along with others. I was dressed up as a slave. and I. member on one occasion having the riders I re- felicity of standing quite near to the divine Sarah in the right second entrance. were marching on to the stage as it.

actors arrive at.How I " Ran Props I ' 309 from This was after had got to 'Frisco touring through California with the opera company." Here I I sang I for a month. for the genial manager had told me in his most tactful manner that he would pay me what he owed me when things looked up a little. Street. He was rather a character." while on the other side announced as the " Celebrated Bari- tone. This actor wanted to star through the country. They were rather way of ad- me for here in the gramme was I on one side of the prowas announced as the " CeleI brated Tenor. Soon after this I got an engagement to sing ballads in the Eureka Music Hall on Kearney generous to vertisement. As he deftly . this actor. for he had come to the conclusion that he was great. at once to When by a left - was actor third rate business for him villains. I had no money. Thus I had to take on suping. He had the keenest sense of self-value I have ever met in anyone. This is a conclusion that all engaged play heavy and such like.

And villain had." I With sorrow that I am compelled to state did not suit the actor's requirements. but because I had good loud voice." could act. looked the part of a villain. he averred. I was my walk he objected sailor. He a me I not because a part in " The Danites. . broad effects.310 chance I'll A Man it : Adrift " If I and pointedly put only get a paralyse the earth. was known as the scene-chewing type of actor. well. of the ship had not yet got out of my to I gait. However. Whenever Jim He was what spoke the scenes trembled. but to. be heard outside the theatre. and though acter. above have lost a steady and commanding walk. The man who had been playing the part was most artistic in his make-up and conception of the charbut his voice could hardly be heard At a pinch I could past the footlights. the melodramatic actor. I and it I read my lines like one. He gave went in for producing unsubtle. roll still had the walk of a a stage The all. Alas. I was luckier with Jim Wessels. the engagement.

including Gore.How I I " Ran Props' bad as an actor I 311 was was atrociously given the part to play. and other artistes. looked like dummies neither useful nor ornamental. and the result was that We not one of us opened our mouths to sing. When the curtain went down on to us fiercely act Galassi turned round and shouted. Street. paid nothing for the rehearsals. Repetto. Antonio Galassi. Why didn't the first Gore give us the cue?" Galassi was a . The the opening chorus Gore did not give us the sign to attack. had with him Scalchi." was a fiasco opera. the conductor from La Scala. we were first We were " Rigoletto. I shouted back at him. and this was a trying time for us. We for the chorus singers had to rehearse a month before the operas were actually put on. The next thing I did was to sing chorus in the Grand Opera House on Mission Campanini came to San Francisco He to put on a series of grand operas. In as far as the chorus was concerned. " What for you " no cantante ? As his eye seemed to meet " mine. Baldini. for nearly all hard up.

312

A Man

Adrift
if

towering big man, and he looked as were going to come for me.
It

he

turned out afterwards that Gore

for-

got himself, and thought he was conducting at

La

Scala.

We were told

that there

a conductor never gives the sign to the chorus to attack. They are supposed to know when to come in themselves. This
plan, of course,
is all

right

when

the chorus

has had a sufficient number of rehearsals.
All
I

got out of this engagement was
this

fifteen dollars.

About
lost for

time the climate of California
rare

and subtle beauty. I But how? I longed to go Eastward. was thirty-six hundred miles away from
its

me

New
left

York.

And
for

big obstacles met

me

at

every point,
It

'Frisco for

very few companies that New York ever wanted

people. fate to

looked as though it were my become a permanent Californian, when an engagement was offered me. It

was

to sing in a quartette at the Alcazar Theatre, where Ned Harrigan, a famous

exponent of character comedy, had just arrived from New York to put on his own

How
pieces.

I

cc

Ran Props
singers,

*

313
I

He
his

wanted

and

was

engaged.

During
lasted

stay

in

the

town,

which

eight weeks, he took a liking to

me, and his manager intimated to me that I could go with the company, if I wished,
as Harrigan was going to play his across the Continent to New York.
thrill

way

A
!

of delight suffused me. But, alas there was a codicil, so to speak, to the
contract.
It

was

this:
I

props." notion of what running props meant, but an instinct told me that it was something

At

that time

I had to "run had only a vague

with very little of a soft snap in it. My ardour was dampened considerably, but I

had had a

surfeit

of the gilded climate,
to accept this iron-

and therefore decided
clad engagement.

had only known then what knew afterwards, I would have stayed
Oh,
if I

I

in

California

till

me

with

gilt

the golden sun had covered before I would have taken

such an engagement. It was only by a miracle that I ever got to New York.

A

hundred times

I

was on the point of

leav-

314
ing,

A Man

Adrift

owing

to the nature of

my

work.

It

was, indeed, an unthankful, an ungrateful, and a tough task. I became everyone's
bitter foe.

Fellows

who hobnobbed

with

me, and who drank

now looked upon
enemy.

my beer in 'Frisco, me as their natural

The company
people, and

in addition to
I

consisted of twenty -six my duties as a
to look after all the

property-man,

had

baggage and scenery, for we carried no We would get into a town, carpenters.
say, at ten o'clock in the morning.

The

who, by the way, was a very good fellow named Charles and I would go together and get a stiff drink to

stage-manager

prepare us for the day's ordeal, while the
star

would immediately hie him to the

hotel to sleep.

The

rest of the

company

would either follow his example, or stand around on the principal street mashing the Of course, as Charles and I were girls.
but human,

we

time they had

naturally envied the easy compared to ours, and, as

they invariably grumbled at us in the night time when we were running the scenes

How

I

'Ran Props'

315

and properties of the performance, we anathematised them roundly over our fraAfter we had quenched ternal drinks.
our thirst and eased our feelings, we would go to the theatre, or rather hall, where I

would interview the property-man, while
the

indomitable Charles interviewed the
or
carpenter,

proprietor

or

whatever he
to use that

was, about the scenes
night.

we had

After Charles had seen that sapient individual, he would mark off the dressing-

rooms.
party whom usually a man or boy other business, and

The

I

interviewed was

who worked at some who got off on that

particular
properties.

day to help
It is

me

to

get

the

needless to say that his

lack

of

theatrical
try to

knowledge would fill
for

concerning
libraries.

things

He

would

make up
list
!

for this lack

enthusiasm

the stage.

I

by boundless would give

him a
but,

alas

of the indispensable properties, not more than half of them

showed up when the shades of night fell, and I alone had to bear the brunt of the star's fury when he found them missing.

316

A Man

Adrift
I

had got through our interviewing we would go out and get a little more courage, and await developments.
of the

After Charles and

They would come in the shape gentry we had just interviewed.
us to treat them.
I

They expected

need

hardly say management never allowed us treating expenses. In time night would come, and then
that

the

would

come

our

sorrows.

The

first

grumble would be about dressing-rooms, and I don't wonder at it, for the noble
knights of the sock and buskin had had such an easy time during the day that dressing in those stuffy little rooms injured
their feelings.

Where
I

they
in

made

the mis-

take

to

my mind

was

imagining that
little

Charles and

were magicians who could,

by some

occult power, transform the

holes into large, commodious, airy spaces, where they could keep up in a fitting

manner the atmosphere of luxurious ease in which they had revelled during the day. However, I must say that we would meet their disapproval with a vast amount of
stoicism.

In

fact,

we would make

little

How
forcible

I

" Ran Props'
it.

1

317

remarks to them that were calcu-

lated to heighten Then the star

would begin,
his

but, to tell

the

starship was less of a grumbler than any of them, for he

honest truth,

only grumbled from an artistic standpoint. He would stand in the entrance during a

performance and upbraid me in scathing terms for my dilatory and stupid ways. He

would analyse and expound the value of properties to actors and the acting art.

would say that I killed his piece in fact, he would show up my shortcomings in a vivid and He powerful manner.
;

He

played the part of on
his
It

old,

rum-soaked
it

bum
well.

own

creation

and he played

was wonderful

to see the

way
left

in

which

he would arise from his bumliness and

denounce

the stage for not having his hand-props in the right

me

the

moment he

place.

One
and

night, in St Paul,

Minnesota, the
"

star discharged
telling

me

for

missing "crashes,"

him

to retire to the
I

Cimmerian
classicise

depths

of

Hades."
it

didn't

the phrase, but gave

out to him in strong

318
Saxon.
I

A Man

Adrift
to

was beginning

be tired of

the whole business.
iron for ever.

A

man

can't hold hot

But the manager interposed
in

and

it

ended
all

my being forgiven after

the

show.

But

things have an end, and after
and,
in
I
I

many

trials, tribulations,
I

vituperations,

arrived

New

might add, York.
to the

My

ideal

was

realised.

had got

cold,

muggy

East.

XXIII. people who of the The atmosphere seems charged with something that no one shall define. You is There will find cosmopolitanism. It is the doomed the breathing promenade spot for those that live in the gloom. Along it move the dwell in poverty. There is a differgamin terrible to ence. subtle. of fraternisation of race. The people possess a grim sense of humour. THE BOWERY THE Bowery is the main artery of the east side of New York. but distinct. between the crowd that moves along the Bowery and the crowds that move along like places in Old World great lies cities. . a feverish activity everywhere. but it is the humour of recklessness that humour that has moved the Paris make history.- The difference will in the fact that here you find a suggestion of blending.

320 You of A Man Adrift are behind the scenes in the theatre New World civilisation. the street torn up for repairs. But he is human give food and shelter. been known to club people into insensisurveys bility and afterwards arrest them for He possesses the obstructing his club. is nicely fully. His buttons shine beautiHis club. The elevated trains rush and puff horses stumble and clatter carts . He is the ornament of Bowery. though hard. The shriek of the locomotive and the jangle of horse-car bells mingle. contempt for the liberty of the pedestrian that belongs peculiarly to the American policeman. stalks along swing- Here the policeman ing his club. As a rule he is is an offensive skilled in the blackguard and bully who fine art of levying blackmail. Drivers swear. sinewy Italian presides . Here Refuse barrels is stand on corners. . A black-eyed. crunch and rumble along. the He has been known to men money wherewith to get hard-up after all. polished. He is monarch of all he He has the rajah of the street.

Memories. in a doorway. drives express waggon for well. dozing. perhaps. not sing at all. he is humming softly an aria from "II " He is in the Scala of Milan Trovatore ! to Pifferini or Camwho on some nights sang Pifferini. Let us draw near ! Ah. in making Johnnie ten love Mamie an week. 321 The land of the glorious sun and the sparkling waters he has left He is seeking his for ever behind. Sliced pineapples. dollars a and Mamie factory. Here Johnnie is is a picture that to is beautiful. pears and fruits of all kinds fortune in the Cosmopolis. Mamie works a cigar Neither of them has ever lived outside the East Side of New York. oranges. This may are cast shyly be seen at a glance. The girl's eyes down. while Johnnie presses . cover his stall. and he the life whirls by. who on other nights could listening. of the long ago are awakening within him. His is shirt is open because of the heat. A dreaming. panini like an angel.The Bowery over a fruit-stand. as tender expression is softening the lines of his bronzed face. perhaps.

The weary look in the face it and the droop of the shoulders speak more plainly than words. Again. She has a handkerchief tied around her head. Adrift perhaps. drinking the first delicious draughts of love. Shrewd bargaining and close figuring are the only methods by which she can make ends meet. and a look of shrewd She might have bargaining is in her face. When one has four or five little children at home. and a husband who earns but a dollar and a quarter a day. He wears a starched shirt and a neat suit of clothes. he can marry her next because he They are expects a rise in his salary.322 close A Man up to her. Look at the Irishwoman with the basket. fall. who labours many hours a day so that he may eat bread. is She store walking along the Bowery to the where she gets her provisions for her family. but you can tell what he is at a glance. closely after the necessary to look pennies. Pat it is . in the There saunters the working man. Heedless are they of the people passing crowd who stare at them. that and tells her. dropped here from Galway.

Also. for he revels in the fat of the land. He is jolly looking of face girth. He possesses magnetism enough successful bunco-steerer. fellow Still. to become either a . is. and his taste in dress is loud. to stop And work on account of he doesn't work harder than the Italian alongside of him. he is apt to be fired from his job. fine His heelers get in his This is the man smiles. pockets are with money. discussed. he is good that things go his way. way to catch his who will tell you that money talks. A his diamond from his shirt front. His of needn't being be a upon it for his method has the merit So simple that it simple. He gets stands the above system and benefit. if down own in a way. Up comes the ward politician. he needs ten cents for his growler of beer every night. He knows as much about our present social system as Herbert Spencer and all the thinkers and writers upon sociology put together. His smile flashes filled is and big and knowing and tight of satisfied.The Bowery receives no 323 contractor wages if from the when he has the rain.

Wondrous bargains may be procured for a nothing.324 A Man better. is pay him is His especial virtue In that he always buys the drinks. the though modest. fact. Adrift or an after-dinner orator the interests of trusts. Fakers stand on the corners streets. his hat. kerchiefs. a Jew who a descendant of a black sheep of one of the Lost Tribes of Israel or he may be a ward politician whose magnetism has gone back on him. suspender. and other things too numerous to mention. from is ? And the faker He hails from fact. They thrust the articles towards you as you pass. cheap jewellery. this the chief secret of his simple method of running the affairs of this great city. he like the passing crowd. who is eloquent in Politics. Socrates he may be . So says In the faker. . His home He may in has descended divinely subtle is is wherever he hangs be a wily Greek who a direct line from the . and who is certainly descended from an Irish king. hail where does he all spots. of the They are selling laces. however. handuseful.

I was getting tired of America. I had left the stage long ago. sham democracy disgusted me. desolate I air. I had no talent in that used to cook for myself I in I the garret to where lived. a street This times. house had been built colonial and about I it was an odd. At small that night used to wander along the things. Whenever managed get a little money I would lay in a stock of provisions at the delicatessen shop across the road. Its air of blatant. And the gaudy. I Bowery and think over room lay in in had a house the top of an just off in old it. unrolls itself. where you can see everything from a mammoth to a protoplasm on payment of ten cents.The Bowery Here are 325 the dime museums. brilliant fronts of the sit and gaze while the blood-and-thunder drama cheap theatres. In them you may So ****** life goes on I in the Bowery. re- cognised that direction. When labouring men were struggling .

If any American exception to this statement I can only ask him if he has forgotten the affair at Homestead. am not England That. place long to go back After all. the English policeman would not saying things allow them to be interrupted while they their ideas. it was the to had come from. I . is I were giving forth saying that to live in. would be nonsense. and I have known other like instances. that England is a freer and more democratic country than is America. above all. And. of a perfect place course. people to get a year's for imprisonment that in New York they might" say with impunity in Hyde Park in London. In fact. say. But I do from personal and absolute knowledge. and takes the hideous travesty of justice concerning the alleged Anarchists in Chicago.326 crushed A Man down by Adrift were shot and for the right to live they the military with more mercilessness and for less provocation than they would be under the most despotic and ruthless Government in Europe. I was beginning I again to England.

and I was glad to be could with them. for we had heavy weather crossing the Atlantic. but not care for the idea. and . and their idea was to go to Liverpool so that they ship to Australia. They were the crews of three sailing ships. I 327 to try wanted idea of being in the world's great town fascinated me. with the old times. somehow I did So I managed to * get myself a steerage ticket. I found there were other sailors beside myself in the steerage. and necessarily the steerage passengers were kept* below. The England as a sailor. ally They brought me into touch One of them especicharacter. They had been paid off in New York.The Bowery longed to go to London. * * * I * was sorry afterwards that I had not gone as a sailor. was a most interesting for He had followed the sea twenty years. They were a jolly lot of lads. the air of the steerage became bad because of the impossibility of opening up Thus hatchways and port-holes. I could easily have managed to go to my luck there.

own name admiringly. and he from Liverpool. person he was well face. programme was a great the got some mustard from the steward and Then he stood off. When it was finished Myles The programme. I had put him down for a baritone solo. and built of frame. causes When we voyage I were near the end of the on got up a concert. At last we were running up the Mersey. because of the rolling of the ship.328 knew A Man Adrift of hardly anything save ports and the ways of ships and grog-shops. and put Myles' name first writing of this bother to me. He in was well able and dance. I was glad to see . looked at his and Liverpool was coming up After years had passed distance. this. The of sailors looking out and the continual watching blue. His name was Myles Hand. and plastered it up. hailed ideal He the was the English type that Marry at to sing immortalized. are always well opened. good looking of and had The eyes well-opened eyes. sailor. again. seeing it in I the was it.

And the next day I started for London. .The Bowery 329 even though I was poor as when I left had gathered nothing but experiI it. ence.

nothing left but shadows. NO PLACE TO SLEEP of THE hour at midnight alive tolls out and It London becomes strange and quiet becomes is once its and dead. louring and waving and moving Formless. and For- Terrifying shadows. 330 . the past and present. and glorious beauty foul. In the waters of the old river are re- flections of a strange mingling with shadows unspeakable. And soon there Gigantic. bidding. London of torted the shadow. and elusive. The people leave streets. disblackness is into frightful shapes. and dim light Everything vague. uncertain. London. unite. chang- weaving. Silence.XXIV. black. ing. Nameless shadows of weird shadows. Here is mystery. Monstrous. .

It startles night have no place to sleep. And you walk on on your footsteps is It sounding lone and strange. deserted as city some mighty. are adrift. voices the genius of the great English nation that dominant genius that has crushed and spread itself wherever wind blows or water dashes. if you were in some vast. marking Mighty is the tone. They sit up on the benches who toThose who They is where of they have been lying. colonised. full It menace and sullen power. London in shadow. shudder. They are poor human shadows. The great brazen tone full menace for them. that has Sweeping goes the tone of the great bell over hovel and palace over the black sullen waters nificence over destitution and magthe poor miserables and misery.No Here is Place to Sleep 331 darkness and sadness and the unknown. They . ghost-haunted labyrinth. Boom The great ! bell the hour of one. of breaks forth.

this Strand. them shelter.332 A Man Adrift come from out of the great black. There' is no one to give them warmth or food or love. ! is a mark you might be wherein What would Christ say to this? But Christ is dead. They are but shadows. with an ever-flowing They rush and hurry . There is no one to give help them. Two! And you The bell has broken forth. ! Over yonder a church had. in Why have they to starve and shiver the midst of plenty ? Over yonder is a palace wherein a thousand such as these might be church shelter housed. shadow of the Sphinx. They are lost. And you in think that if Christ lived now and the this Christian lying civilisation He would mayhap be yonder starved Yonder under hungry and cold. How daytime tide quiet it it is. sinister shadow of the town. turn up from the river and walk towards the Strand. In the is filled of humans. They are ghosts There is no one to of wrecked lives.

to On sleep all sides hard. There is hurry and bustle and excitement. is No one be seen. The and dark. Nothing to be heard but your own footfalls. But meanwhile shadows. Horses. all sides.No along. You go back to the river. strange shadows. crunch. You houses are where people are resting comfortably in But there is no bed for you. is But now under the is the Strand dead. and rumble along. Place to Sleep 333 and lounge and idle along. old river. black are the think. Here is luxury and comFood in plenty is here. How light. fate Monstrous. of It is dominion to the shadows. changing. it And you will stop Soon it be Soon are will be day. weaving. vans. it. but you may not touch Warmth is . and cabs and carts clatter. you How fort cold everything is! How cold is human on nature. So bed. wander through the streets aimlessly. Shadows. ****** Working be in a great in the loom af To town at night is and to have no place look around.

It is better for you not to do so. For suffering and loneliness breed thought. but you will not think of your future long for the present is too real and pressing. A Man Rest is Adrift here. The to policeman come and order you on! move on. be given in charge. may will not sit long. howthing is Where? summon up courage ever. But you must go Like one who is doomed because you are or damned. for the chance of your getting anysmall. you think. You will think of the good times you have had.334 here. And you may on. And you begin to think and to wish many it strange things. on. guilty of that crime of crimes poverty. Aye. Perhaps you but you will sit down on a for bench. . matters not if you be the dullest clod. You are an outcast. So you move And your life will arise before you. Move Perhaps you will enough to ask a passer-by for alms. Ever on. You will think of your future.

is all your always one's own fault own when It luck goes It is always one's own fault against one. You should have done such and such a thing at such and such a time. been strong enough to stand up. You a man then as a king. You . ing in What ? is the use of think- this strain one bit. It and no one cares whether you die. had no right to back that fellow's bill or you had no right to leave that job beor you cause the foreman bullied you . You should have for being struck down. and will not will You care. will be as will You really A hundred years from now. live or The before.No Of course is Place to Sleep it 335 fault. it Time has for you a significance It will never had be all right in a hundred years from now. will will You be fine have plenty of rest. you think. till But what a long time then! . You doesn't help you are here in the dark streets. bells ring out the hours. be dead then. count for as much. You allowed to sleep. but you stop.

when you have bright feet. She would take you unkempt and begrimed She would kiss you. ! Dear. and a wine. fire is all very well a good cigar. sweet love of the fine old days But she is dead. when you have no woman a woman who loved will arise before you you in the old days. her it And may be that the face of a dear heart would break. and grand is this palace how Herein a spacious must be the rooms thousand like you might sleep. that there after is is a differ- ence in human blood all? Philo- sophers say that there there must be. though you are. and make you feel a to her arms. What would she say if she saw you in this plight ? Why. man again. and cheer you up. Can it How ! ! be. .336 And by the it A Man may be palace where fine Adrift you will that wander lives the Queen. sleep. not. before which to thrust your Their logic But it counts for nothing when you place to are hungry. but surely Philosophers don't know everything. you will think.

is without he has experienced of the have heard have sympathetic. cold though their voices are. They are impartial. these people talk. they pay no heed.No And to Place to Sleep 337 the so you go on and on. And of all things misfortune loves impartiality. You are the same to them as any other man. but they don't And are talking about. No. well-off people talk feelingly hardships of the poor. for at it has my wander through a great city money to pay for a bed. they are not really sympathetic with the poor. and listen bells as they strike the hours. thing than sympathy. Yes. are the only friends you have. that dead of night because I had no And it I I assert no man knows what it. No know what they one has any but the poor. I heard them in drawing-rooms. It is a finer Dear been old bells lot to ! I love them. They only think they are. after all. for they do not They blame you for being unfortunate as man blames you. real If sympathy with the poor There is something in class you are a tramp and a gaol- .

even . but their dogs and slaves elegant way. It is not a drawing-room the way that smacks of the It is slum. And. Sometimes is said that low-down. and the foul alley.338 bird. There isn't as big a difference between is illiterate and literate people as Illiterate generally supposed. it A Man is Adrift better for you to chum in wit> tramps and gaol-birds. fortunate people don't realize to the the degradation of their lives. This realize is a lie. They realize that they are dogs way of saying that and slaves. Yesun ful the thing. one way of saying the same thing is much the same as another way. after all. the poor homeless the streets at night is man who walks forced to think. people are on the whole more intelligent than literate people because they are brought more of life. These poor people do their degradation. is they know they are not what is called an way. and the gaol. in touch with the iron facts Yes. and the gutter. it Keep to your class. nise class They won't patro you and hurt your is feelings.

just as is an excellent reason destitute for everything. To get help from a . Yes. and apply to relief hungry and one of them for will from misery they I do nothing for you. . there an excellent reason for their not helping the destitute. man may not have a satishe may be a criminal factory pedigree he may be undeserving he may be just . 339 he be ever such a to forced think hard. who have had need of them. spotless reputation. for I know what is I am talking about. Of there course. a cold If you are homeless.No if Place to Sleep clod. have found them They to be no good. A word as are to charitable organisations. This statement is sweeping but listen to fact. And he is And he knows more about what walking the streets means than even the most sympathetic upholder of charitable organisations. I assert that they are no good. The . At least. he may not possess a Again. is in And the proof of the pudding the eating. have applied to them. a hair's-breadth beyond their alleged scope of action. I. no good.

And. steer clear of you are ever .340 A Man Adrift you must possess You must be good charitable organisation a spotless reputation. go and get a drink Supposing he does. Even though you he'll almost sure that it. If The fat salaries for charity organisations provide the officials who run them. to go out on the hoof of wicked- They ness. if a man ever asks you for four- pence for his night's lodging. and -worthy. give it to feel him with if you can. No. it is an ill wind that blows nobody good. but talk of the cloven I tell you it is as nothing compared with the iron heel of organised charity. you must be able to fast and do without sleep for a month after your application. destitute. What then ? Doesn't the poor chap need a drink to little? cheer him up a See. and able to stand searching cross-examination. and give take more It is much better for you Embankment. they will than the worth of it out of you. them for if they do take you in you a piece of bread. Still. above all. he is dirty .

going to argue as to why this only state a fact. Then everything is dead quiet. No a heart. I spare be doing an act of which Christ would have approved. This is false. that he has dog. No.No Place to Sleep 341 and hungry and half-starved and badly clothed. The city sleeps. It is what he is. But remember that he has feelings. He is a man who needs him and thou likewise. is at about half-past two in the morning. that he has red blood just like you have. He is worse off than a homeless one has any use for him. He may have been a man who once held a good position. and give him the price of a drink if you can is. give the poor fellow fourpence. who is tramping the dark streets. The hardest time of all for a homeless it. help. Or he may have but never mind what he was. The army of unemployed increases day by I am not day. Its great rumble has gone down of the policeman. Do People often say than any man can get work if he wishes to work. Christ would have helped asked no questions. And you will man. The tramp . altogether.

And dawn breaks. even on the pavement. outcast. He ********* He must move at last on. would give his soul to lie down and But he sleep. indeed a hard time for the vitality is at its His lowest ebb. seems to make the loneliness all the more The poor outcast must for the keep out of the policeman's way.342 as A Man lonely. may not do so. Adrift he goes from house to house trying the doors. . policeman is his enemy. The policeman humanity of our Aye. He must move on. this is is the embodiment of the civilisation.

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book is due on the last DATE stamped jfl 50m-6. This SANTA CRUZ below.'67(H2523s8)2373 .THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA.

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3 2106 00053 7024 .

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