Paula Cleggett-Haleim Headquarters, Washington, D.C.

April 9, 1993 (Phone: 202/358-0883) Major Mike Doble Department of Defense, Washington, D.C. (Phone: 703/693-1778) RELEASE: 93-66 Clementine Mission Science Team Selected NASA today announced the selection of the science team for the Clementine mission to orbit the moon and to visit an asteroid. The team will be headed by Dr. Eugene Shoemaker of the U.S. Geologic Survey, Flagstaff, Ariz., who has been very active for many years in both lunar and asteroid research. Clementine, sponsored by the Strategic Defense Initiative Office (SDIO), will launch a small spacecraft in January 1994 to orbit the moon for several months, then de-orbit the moon in early May 1994. The spacecraft would then fly by the near-Earth asteroid 1620 Geographos on Aug. 31, 1994, when the asteroid is several million miles away, its closest distance to the Earth. The goals of the mission are to test new, lightweight sensors in a space radiation environment and to demonstrate autonomous navigation and spacecraft operation. Lightweight and innovative spacecraft components also will be tested, including a lightweight star tracker, an inertial measurement unit, lightweight reaction wheels for attitude control, as well as a lightweight nickel hydrogen battery and a lightweight solar panel. The science team will plan for the acquisition of the scientific measurements, the archiving of all science data in a form easily accessible to the planetary science community and initial analyses of the data. Geographos is one of the earliest discovered Earth-crossing asteroids. It was discovered in September 1951, in a sky survey sponsored by the National Geographic Society. Most Earth-crossing

asteroids are thought to be fragments produced by collisions between asteroids in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter, which are later perturbed into Earth-crossing orbits. - more -2Radar images recently obtained of the asteroid 4179 Toutatis suggest that the shape of Geographos and other Earth crossers might be much more complex than previously suspected. The sensors will be trained on the moon and on the asteroid. Also, mutispectral science measurements at ultraviolet, visible and infrared wavelengths will be made and played back to Earth. The specific filter wavelengths were selected in consultation with NASA scientists, to both meet SDIO objectives and maximize the scientific data return. The science team members selected and their affiliations are: Charles Acton, Jet Propusion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Daniel Baker, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. Jacques Blamont, CNES (France) Bonnie Buratti, Jet Propusion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Merton Davies, Rand Corp., Santa Monica, Calif. Thomas Duxbury, Jet Propusion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Eric Eliason, U.S. Geologic Survey, Flagstaff, Ariz. Paul Lucey, University of Hawaii, Honolulu Alfred McEwen, U.S. Geologic Survey, Flagstaff, Ariz. Carle Pieters, Brown University, Providence, R.I. David Smith, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. Paul Spudis, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston The Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C., is responsible for mission design, providing the spacecraft and for mission operations. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory will be responsible for tracking the spacecraft radio signal using NASA's Deep Space Network and will be responsible for accurately locating Geographos using its Near Earth Object Center in preparation for the flyby. - end -