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*The skeleton outline = 25 points – Notes to the right on each part = 25 points

III. Settling the New England Colonies - Political and religious conflicts
made others who wanted personal and economic freedom settle in the New
England Colonies
A. Puritans in Massachusetts - 1630s the continuous attacks and
punishments in England upon Puritans started the Great Migration to
New England (movement of English settlers to Am. colonies 1630-40)
1. Massachusetts Bay Company - Charles I wanted Puritans
to leave and follow John Winthrop away and gave Puritans a
charter to form the MA Bay Company(colony founded by
Puritans in America)
2. Settling the Colony - 1630 17 ships with 1,000 Puritans
established a settlement north of Plymouth, MA Bay Co.
3. A City Upon a Hill - MA Bay Puritans hoped to build a
Christian society that would be a model for the world with John
Winthrop as governor, present day Boston, trade center turned
into a commonwealth a religious self-governing political unit
4. The General Court - law making body of Puritan Church
members and investors of MA Bay Co. - colonial laws based on
Puritan thinking: Sunday - day long church service, prayer, Bible
reading, dancing and games forbidden - NO RELIGIOUS
TOLERATION (acceptance of different beliefs)
B. A New Colony in Rhode Island -
1. Roger Williams Speaks Out - said the Puritan Church had
too much power and should not be involved with governing the colony
“separation of church and state”and that MA Bay Co. could not legally
settle on Native lands, 1635 the General Court banished Williams in
dead of winter, he spent the winter with Narragansetts
2. A Place For Religious Tolerance - Williams bought land
from Narragansetts and named it Providence,RI, allowed religious
toleration, got a charter from English Parliament in 1644 (a place to
send Quakers and Jews)
3. Hutchinson Challenges Church Leaders - Puritan woman
who read and discussed the Bible and announced she had
communicated directly to God, others should also, that women should
have a more powerful position in society. The General Court banished
Ann Hutchison and her family. They founded Portsmouth, RI and
moved to Dutch colony in 1642 and died during Native American
attack.
C. West Connecticut - Thomas Hooker moved his congregation west
and built the town Hartford, worked a plan of government based on an
assembly and elected/voted for a governor by all men who were
property owners (Fundamental Orders of CT, first American
constitution or plan of govt) - 1632 king granted a separate charter for
the colony (constitution is a document presenting a plan of govt)
D. New Hampshire and Maine - MA claimed ME, NH royal colony in
1680
E. Colonists and Native Americans Clash - Colonists took more land
and allowed livestock to eat Native American crops, European diseases
created epidemics amongst the natives and Puritans tried to force their
religious practices upon natives provoked conflict/violence
1. The Pequot Wars - CT settlers pushed Pequot natives from
lands and Puritans destroyed Native crops and villages killing
most of the nation
2. King Philip’s War - Wampanoag chief Metacomet
called King Philip by the English protested the English land
grabs and enforcing laws. Natives attacked and burned towns,
killed and kidnapped settlers. The English destroyed Native
villages, sold Natives into slavery in the West Indies, only
ended with the death of Metacomet