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Teacher Tools

Assessment Guide

Quit Success on Standardized Tests

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Explore How Big Is a Million? P PRACTICE

Solve.

1. How many 10-by-10 grids would 2. How many thousand cubes would

you need to make a thousand cube? you need to make a million?

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Explore How Big Is a Million? R RETEACH

You can think of 1,000

in the following ways:

1 thousand

10 hundreds

100 tens

1,000 ones

1 thousand 10 hundreds

2. 10,000 3. 100,000 4. 1,000,000

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ones tens

ones

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Explore How Big Is a Million? E ENRICH

A Million Pizzas

Skye just opened Skyes Pizzas. Her dream is to sell one million

pizzas. She wants to see how long it will take. Answer these

questions to help her find out.

1. Skye says, If I sell 100 pizzas every day, I can sell 1,000,000 pizzas

in days! She frowns. Thats a long time.

2. Suddenly Skye snaps her fingers. I know! Ill open more stores!

If I have 10 stores and each store sells 100 pizzas every day, it will

only take days to sell 1,000,000 pizzas!

each store sells 1,000 pizzas every day? How long will it take to

sell 1,000,000 pizzas?

Why dont you try to sell 1,000,000 pizzas in just 1 day? Skyes friend

Emma asks. Hmmm, Skye murmurs. How many stores would I

need? How many pizzas would each store need to sell?

4. Decide how many stores Skye would need and how many pizzas

each store would need to sell in 1 day.

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5. What if you were Skye? What would be your plan? Tell about your plan.

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Place Value Through Millions P PRACTICE

Write the word name and the expanded form for each number.

1. 1,420,316

2. 2,672,400

3. 12,060,072

4. 785,004,012

5. 842,753 6. 6,782,141

7. 153,428,090 8. 715,124,068

9. one million, two hundred thousand, five

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13. 42,865 40,000 800 60 5

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Place Value Through Millions R RETEACH

Each period is separated by a comma.

Millions Thousands Ones

7 0 1 2 2 1 3 5 4

20,000 1,000 300 50 4

Standard form: 701,221,354

Word name: seven hundred one million, two hundred twenty-one thousand,

three hundred fifty-four

Complete.

1. 824,124 = + 20,000 + 4,000 + + +

2. 7,624,139 = 7,000,000 + + 20,000 + + + +

3. 42,521,012 = + 2,000,000 + 500,000 + + + 10 +

3,000,000 200,000

4. 500 20

2,000,000 400,000

5. 50,000 7,000 800

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20 1

30,000,000 7,000,000

6. 800,000 50,000

2,000 4

40,000,000 9,000,000

7. 300,000 50,000

2,000 6

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Place Value Through Millions E ENRICH

Use the digits below only once in each exercise.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

1. What is the greatest number with 4 in the hundred millions place?

, ,

2. What is the greatest number with 5 in the hundred thousands place?

, ,

3. What is the least number with 6 in the millions place?

, ,

4. What is the least number with 3 in the ten thousands place?

, ,

5. What is the greatest number with 8 in the thousands place?

, ,

6. What is the greatest number with 1 in the ten millions place?

, ,

7. What is the least number with 9 in the millions place and 2 in

the ten thousands place?

, ,

8. What is the greatest number with 7 in the hundred thousands

place and 1 in the thousands place?

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, ,

9. How did you use place value to help you make the greatest

possible number? the least possible number?

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Compare and Order Numbers P PRACTICE

and Money

Compare. Write >, <, or =.

1. 3,874 3,862 2. 5,741 5,862 3. $78.24 $77.24

16. 3,421; 3,641; 3,481; 3,562

20. $64.21; $68.78; $87.68; $65.43

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Problem Solving

24. Sean has 1,575 bird stamps and Li has 25. Seans stamp album cost $12.75 and

2,075 bird stamps. Cindy has a Lis album cost $18.50. Cindys album

number of stamps between Seans and cost the most. Is it $18.75 or $11.75?

Lis numbers. Is it 1,075 or 1,755? Explain.

Explain.

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Compare and Order Numbers R RETEACH

and Money

You can use a place-value chart to compare numbers. Start at the left.

Look for the first place where the digits are different.

Compare 4,872 and 4,892.

Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones

4 8 7 2

4 8 9 2

same number same number 4,892 has more So, 4,892 4,872.

of thousands of hundreds tens than 4,872.

Hundred Ten One

Dollars Dollars Dollars Cents

3 0 6 97

3 1 9 23

hundred dollars ten dollars than $306.97.

1. Compare 3,234 and 3,216. 3,234 3,216

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Compare. Write , , or .

2. 8,504 8,515 3. $25.16 $21.12

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 3, pages 811. (8) NS 1.2

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Compare and Order Numbers E ENRICH

and Money

Greater Numbers

Look at the value that each letter represents. Then order the letters

from least to greatest values in the boxes below.

B. There were 54,773 poodles registered by the American Kennel Club, Inc.

C. There were 54,470 beagles registered by the American Kennel Club, Inc.

E. In the year ending December 31, 1997, there were 4,819 Maine coon cats

2,216,067 votes.

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3,015,071 votes.

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Skill

Read the problem. Then read each step in the problem-solving

process. Write a number next to each step to show the order in

which the steps are done. Write a 1 for the first step, and so on.

1. A male elk weighs 600 pounds. A male moose weighs

1,000 pounds. A male caribou weighs 300 pounds. What is

the order of the three animals from greatest to least weight?

Check your answer.

Identify what you need to find. You need to find the order of the male

elk, the male moose, and the male caribou from greatest to least weight.

Read the problem.

Identify what you know: A male elk weighs 600 pounds. A male

moose weighs 1,000 pounds. A male caribou weighs 300 pounds.

Make a plan for solving the problem. Order the animals by comparing

their weights two at a time. List the animals from greatest to least weight.

Follow your plan to solve the problem.

What is the order of the three animals from greatest to least weight?

A black-footed ferret can be 18 inches long. Which animal can

grow to the greatest length?

Identify what you know. A mink can be 20 inches long. A wolverine

can be 36 inches long. A black-footed ferret can be 18 inches long.

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Make a plan for solving the problem. Order the animals by comparing

their lengths two at a time. List the animals from least to greatest length.

Identify what you need to find: Which animal can

grow to the greatest length?

Follow your plan to solve the problem.

Read the problem.

Which animal can grow to the greatest length?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 4, pages 1213. (10) MR 1.1, 1.2, 2.3, 2.4, 3.2

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

A bottle-nosed dolphin can weigh up to 440 pounds. A common dolphin

can weigh up to 165 pounds. Which kind of dolphin can be heavier?

1. Which of these statements is true? 2. Which plan will help you solve the

A A bottle-nosed dolphin cannot be problem?

as heavy as a common dolphin. F Add 440 and 165.

B A common dolphin can weigh G Compare 440 and 165.

615 pounds. H Subtract 165 from 440.

C A bottle-nosed dolphin can weigh

440 pounds.

1,096 people went to Ocean World. On Sunday, 998 people went to

Ocean World. On which day did the most people go to Ocean World?

3. Which plan can you use to solve this 4. On which day did the most people

problem? go to Ocean World?

A Compare 660; 1,096; and 998. F Friday

B Add 660 and 1,096. G Saturday

C Add 1,096 and 998. H Sunday

Lassies Dog Walking Service walks 68 dogs per week. Doggie Express

walks 57 dogs per week. Top Dog Company walks 101 dogs per week.

List the dog walking services in order from least dogs walked per week

to most dogs walked per week.

5. Which statement is true? 6. Which plan can you use to solve the

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the most dogs per week. F Compare the numbers of dogs

B Doggie Express walks 57 dogs per walked two at a time.

week. G Find the difference between the

C Top Dog Company walks 68 dogs number of dogs walked by Top

per week Dog Company and the number

walked by Lassies.

H Find the total number of dogs

walked by the three services.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 4, pages 1213. (11) MR 1.1, 1.2, 2.3, 2.4, 3.2

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

Ocean World Animal Park needs 750 customers each day to make

money. On Monday, Ocean World had 803 customers. On Tuesday,

Ocean World had 691 customers. On Wednesday, Ocean World had

911 customers. On which day or days did Ocean World make money?

7. Which plan will help you solve the 8. On which day or days did Ocean

problem? World make money?

A Compare the daily customer totals F Tuesday only

two at a time. G Wednesday only

B Compare each daily customer H Monday and Wednesday only

total to 750.

C Order the daily customer totals

from greatest to least.

Solve.

9. A marlin can move at a speed of 50 10. Brandon, Timothy, and Norah have

miles per hour. A striped dolphin can pet care services. Last year, Brandon

move 19 miles per hour. A killer earned $712, Timothy earned $1,110,

whale can move 55 miles per hour. and Norah earned $650. List the

List the animals in order from slowest people in order from greatest amount

to fastest. earned to least amount earned.

11. A poll shows that 311 students have 12. The pet shelter has 324 dogs in

dogs, 424 students have cats, 96 April, 411 dogs in May, and 399

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students have birds, and 38 students dogs in June. List the months in

have a different pet. Which kind of order from least number of dogs to

pet is owned by the most students? greatest number of dogs.

13. Dylan spots 48 birds. Nicole spots 51 14. In 1997, about 36,000,000 people went

birds. Who spots fewer birds? to aquariums and about 86,000,000

people went to zoos. Did more

people go to aquariums or to zoos?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 4, pages 1213. (12) MR 1.1, 1.2, 2.3, 2.4, 3.2

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Round Numbers and Money P PRACTICE

1. 923 to the nearest 2. $0.93 to the nearest 3. $6.49 to the nearest

ten ten cents dollar

dollar hundred dollar

thousand ten cents hundred

10. 380,256 to the nearest 11. 61,479 to the nearest 12. 1,555 to the nearest

hundred thousand ten thousand hundred

13. $34.06 to the nearest 14. 7,502,475 to the 15. 2,653,789 to the

ten cents nearest million nearest hundred thousand

16.

Rule:

Input 57,124 64,142 91,722 234,162 478,234

Output 60,000

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Problem Solving

17.The radio announcer said that there 18.Joes class bought a bird feeder for

were 1,532 bluebird sightings on the $38.75. To the nearest dollar, what

island. To the nearest hundred, how was the cost?

many sightings were there?

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Round Numbers and Money R RETEACH

40,000 41,000 42,000 43,000 44,000 45,000 46,000 47,000 48,000 49,000 50,000

Think: 46,000 is closer to 50,000 than 40,000.

So, 46,208 rounds up to 50,000.

$6.00 $6.10 $6.20 $6.30 $6.40 $6.50 $6.60 $6.70 $6.80 $6.90 $7.00

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Round Numbers and Money E ENRICH

Mystery Numbers

1. If you round me to the nearest hundred, you get 400.

If you round me to the nearest ten, you get 430.

The sum of my digits is 8.

What number am I?

If you round me to the nearest hundred, you get 2,600.

Three of my digits are the same.

The sum of my digits is 17.

What number am I?

The sum of my digits is 10.

If you read me forward or backward, I am the same.

What number am I?

My first two digits add up to 10.

The digit in my hundreds place is one more than 2.

My last three digits add up to 8, and round (to the nearest hundred) to 400.

What number am I?

5. The sum of my seven digits is 60. Six of the digits are the same.

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or million will give you the same number.

What number am I?

Each of my six digits is the same.

What number am I?

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Problem Solving: Strategy P PRACTICE

Make a Table

Make a table. Use data from the table to solve problems 1 and 2.

What is your favorite kind of pet?

Elliotdog Howarddog Janebird Rebeccabird

Marioncat Norikobird Tericat Melaniecat

Tinahamster Yolandadog Sarahcat Tracidog

Paulafish Barrycat Brucedog Noreenfish

Samcat Juandog Mikecat Sylviacat

1. Which pet had the most votes? 2. Which pet had the least votes?

3. Mark cuts out letters to make a sign. 4. Which letter does Mark need to

The sign says, "Get Pet Kittens for make the most of? How many of

Free." How many different kinds of these letters does Mark have to

letters does Mark need to make? make?

Solve. Use any strategy.

5. A pet store sold 137 bags of dog 6. In 1999, The Pet Palace made about

food called The Vets Choice. It sold $100,000. In 2000, The Pet Palace

249 bags of a dog food called Fidos increased this amount by $10,000.

Friend. How many more bags of How much did The Pet Palace make

Fidos Friend than The Vets Choice in 2000?

were sold?

Strategy:

Strategy:

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7. Science Adult sun bears usually 8. Create a problem you would make

weigh from 60 to 100 pounds. Adult a table to solve. Share it with others.

grizzly bears weigh from 350 to 500

pounds. Adult Asiatic black bears

weigh about 250 pounds. Which

bear weighs the least?

Strategy:

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 6, pages 2021. (16) NS 1.2; SDP 1.3; MR 1.1, 2.3, 3.2

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Make a Table

Page 21, Problem 2

Which type of fish has the greatest number of varieties?

Different Varieties of Tetras, Goldfish, and Angelfish

tetrasblack neon tetra goldfishfan tail goldfish goldfishlionhead

goldfishblack moor tetraswhite skirt tetrasblack neon tetras

angelfishgold angel tetrassilver dollar angelfishsilver angel

tetraslemon tetra angelfishmarble angel

Step 1

Be sure you understand the problem.

Read Read carefully.

What do you know?

There are different varieties of ,

, and .

What do you need to find?

You need to know how many different varieties of

, , and

there are.

Step 2

Make a plan.

Plan Choose a strategy.

Make a Table or List A table can help you organize what you know.

Write a Number Sentence

Make a table to solve the problem.

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Work Backward

Act it Out

Find a Pattern

Make a Graph

Guess and Check

Logical Reasoning

Solve a Simpler Problem

Draw a Picture

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 6, pages 2021. (17) NS 1.2; SDP 1.3; MR 1.1, 2.3, 3.2

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Make a Table

Step 3

Carry out your plan.

Solve Make a table to solve.

number for each set of tallies. Compare the numbers.

Type of Fish Tally of Different Number

Varieties

Tetras

Goldfish 3

Angelfish

There are different kinds of goldfish.

There are different kinds of angelfish.

There are more varieties of than either of the other

two kinds of fish.

Step 4

Is the solution reasonable?

Look Back Reread the problem.

Does your answer match the data given in the problem?

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Practice

1. Jack lists the fish in his aquarium. He has 2. Alex, Brian, and Yumi each like one kind

a fan tail goldfish, a lionhead goldfish, a of dog. The dog is either a terrier, a

gold angel angelfish, a lemon tetra, and retriever, or a poodle. Alex does not like

a black neon tetra. Of which type of fish retrievers. Brian does not like poodles or

does Jack have the least? retrievers. Who likes poodles?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 6, pages 2021. (18) NS 1.2; SDP 1.3; MR 1.1, 2.3, 3.2

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Count Money and Make Change P PRACTICE

1. 2. 3.

8 8 8 8

8 8 8 8

7. Price: $0.59 8. Price: $2.45 9. Price: $7.81

Amount given: $1.00 Amount given: $5.00 Amount given: $10.00

Amount given: $5.00 Amount given: $10.00 Amount given: $10.00

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Problem Solving

13. Andy gives the cashier $5.00 to pay 14. Lowanda receives 1 quarter, 2 dimes,

for a $3.75 calendar. How much and 1 nickel in change. How much

change does he receive? money is that?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 7, pages 2223. (19) NS 1.0; MR 2.4

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Count Money and Make Change R RETEACH

To make change, start with the cost. Then count up to the amount

given to you. Use the fewest number of bills and coins possible.

Someone gives you $5.00 for the pen.

Cost

Count the bills and coins to find the change: $2.51.

1. Amount given: $6.00

$5.34

Cost

Amount of change:

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SCHOOL MONEY

8 8

8 8

$3.79

Cost

Amount of change:

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 7, pages 2223. (20) NS 1.0; MR 2.4

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Count Money and Make Change E ENRICH

Money Detective

Use the clues to find which coins and bills are inside each bank.

1. 2.

$0.47 $0.58

3. 4.

$0.73 $0.81

5. 6.

$1.00 $7.45

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7. 8.

$15.55 $23.00

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 7, pages 2223. (21) NS 1.0; MR 2.4

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Negative Numbers P PRACTICE

11. 0 9 12. 2 3 13. 4 2 14. 5 6

15. 4 7 16. 0 8 17. 3 0 18. 3 3

19. 1 12 20. 6 10 21. 12 12 22. 7 15

23. 5 2 24. 12 24 25. 10 0 26. 9 9

27. 4 8 28. 17 13 29. 15 9 30. 0 11

31. 11 11 32. 0 8 33. 6 11 34. 13 3

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Problem Solving

39. Manuel deposited a check for $25 in 40. An airplane descended 1,000 feet. Ten

his savings account. Then he withdrew minutes later, it climbed 9,500 feet.

$30. Write a number to represent Write a number to represent each

each situation. situation.

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Negative Numbers R RETEACH

You can use a number line to understand and compare positive and

negative numbers.

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

2 is to the right of 2, so 2 2.

0 is to the right of 4, so 0 4.

3 is to the right of 6, so 3 6.

Complete.

5 is to the right of 3, so 5

1. 3.

of 1, so 1

2. 1 is to the 1.

of 6, so 5

3. 5 is to the 6.

of 1, so 4

4. 4 is to the 1.

5. 6 is to the of 6, so 6

6.

of 4, so 2

6. 2 is to the 4.

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7. 14 14 8. 13 31 9. 9 15 10. 20 18

11. 12 21 12. 25 5 13. 8 2 14. 20 20

15. 6 15 16. 10 12 17. 2 12 18. 4 4

19. 7 7 20. 8 2 21. 9 8 22. 0 10

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 8, pages 2425. (23) NS 1.8

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Negative Numbers E ENRICH

Play with a partner.

different positive integers, one on each card.

They should use the integers from 10 to 10.

Each player mixes up their cards and spreads them

out face down.

One player announces Mine is greater than

(or less than or equal to) yours. Both players

turn over their card. If the statement was correct,

that player gets both cards. If not, they go to the

original player. 9

Repeat touching cards and taking turns making

the statements. When all cards are collected, the

player with the most cards wins. 7 8

2 6

1 3

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0 5

4

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Problem Solving: Application Part

A WORKSHEET

Decision

Applying Place Value Making

Store

of Dog Food Trip to Store

Pet Supply

Animal World

Pets Place

Your Decision

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 9, pages 2627. (25) NS 1.2; MR 1.1, 2.3

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

Student 1 Student 2 sets of data

the same or

close to

being the

same?

each night

in 30 seconds

right now

drank yesterday

to wrist

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one minute

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 9, pages 2829. (26) NS 1.2; MR 1.1, 2.3, 3.3

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

1. How many times were you and your partner the same? different?

2. Explain how you decided whether you and your partner were the

same. Did the numbers have to be exactly alike? Why or why not?

3. In which areas did you vary the most from your partner?

4. In which areas did you vary the least from your partner?

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 1, Lesson 9, pages 2829. (27) NS 1.2; MR 1.1, 2.3, 3.3

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Use Properties of Addition P PRACTICE

1. 5 , 3, 8 2. 6, 8, 14 3. 6, 9, 15

5n8 68n n 6 15

n38 8 n 14 6 n 15

85n 14 6 n 15 n 6

8n5 14 n 8 15 6 n

4. 3, 7, 10 5. 22, 5, 27 6. 34, 4, 38

3 n 10 22 n 27 34 n 38

37n 5 22 n 4 n 38

n37 n 22 5 38 n 34

10 n 3 27 5 n n 4 34

7. 2 9 8. 35 4 9. 54 0

10. 4, 5, 9 11. 11, 24, 35 12. 0, 46, 46

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Then she gives 7 coins to her cousin.

13. Ken has 6 coins in his collection.

How many coins does Meg have now?

Barb has 5 more coins than Ken.

How many coins does Barb have?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 1, pages 4445. (28) NS 3.1; AF 1.1

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Use Properties of Addition R RETEACH

the same numbers.

The model below shows a set of related number sentences.

538 Commutative Property:

358 } 5 3 8 is the same as 3 5 8.

835

853

You can also use the properties and the idea of related sentences

with greater numbers.

1. 2.

3. 8 3 n 4. 2 7 n 5. 18 0 n

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6. 26, 17, 43 7. 0, 56, 56 8. 9, 45, 54

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 1, pages 4445. (29) NS 3.1; AF 1.1

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Use Properties of Addition E ENRICH

or rule you used.

1. MNM N

2. A BB

3. CDC D

4. HH

5. JJ

6. Z0

7. QQP

8. 0W

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 1, pages 4445. (30) NS 3.1; AF 1.1

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Addition Patterns P PRACTICE

1. 8 8 n 2. 7 6 n

80 80 n 70 60 n

800 800 n 700 600 n

8,000 8,000 n 7,000 6,000 n

80,000 80,000 n 70,000 60,000 n

800,000 800,000 n 700,000 600,000 n

3. 5 9 n 4. 8 9 n

50 90 n 80 90 n

500 900 n 800 900 n

5,000 9,000 n 8,000 9,000 n

50,000 90,000 n 80,000 90,000 n

500,000 900,000 n 800,000 900,000 n

Add mentally.

5. 500 400 6. 3,000 9,000

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Problem Solving

13. A music store made $50,000 selling 14. The Green Hornets sold 800,000

CDs and tapes in December. In copies of their first CD. They sold

January, the store made $30,000. 500,000 copies of their second CD.

How much did the store make How many CDs did the Green

in all? Hornets sell in all?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 2, pages 4647. (31) NS 3.1; MR 1.1

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Addition Patterns R RETEACH

You can use addition facts and patterns to add multiples of ten mentally.

Add the front digits. Then write a zero to match each place value.

7 7,000

12 12,000

50 70 120 50 50,000 70,000 120,000 50,000

70 70,000

120 120,000

500 700 1,200 500 500,000 700,000 1,200,000 500,000

700 700,000

1,200 1,200,000

1. 3 8 n 2. 5 9 n

30 80 n 50 90 n

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Add mentally.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 2, pages 4647. (32) NS 3.1; MR 1.1

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Addition Patterns E ENRICH

Pascals Triangle

The triangle below is called Pascals Triangle. Each row begins and

ends with the number 1. Every other number is the sum of the two

numbers above it.

Row 1 1

Row 2 1 1

Row 3 1 2 1

Row 4 1 3 3 1

Row 5 1 6 1

Row 6 1 1

Row 7 1 1

Now complete this Pascals Triangle. Each row begins and ends with 200.

Row 1 200

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 2, pages 4647. (33) NS 3.1; MR 1.1

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Add Whole Numbers and Money P PRACTICE

1. 688 2. 574 3. 757 4. $8.72

207 434 529 1.38

0.59 624 2,467 962

327 7.43 878 45.32

67,890 7,526 893 570,184

1,657.18 678,687 85,278 6,280

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Problem Solving

27. At the Lakeside School, 522 students 28. Last week, $325 worth of play tickets

ride the bus and 714 students walk and $729 worth of carnival tickets

or are driven to school. How many were sold. How much money was

students attend Lakeside School? collected altogether?

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Add Whole Numbers and Money R RETEACH

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

Add the ones. Add the tens. Add the hundreds.

Regroup if necessary. Regroup if necessary. Regroup if necessary.

H T O H T O H T O

1 1 1 1 1

5 8 7 5 8 7 5 8 7

2 6 9 2 6 9 2 6 9

6 5 6 8 5 6

16 ones 1 ten 6 ones 15 tens 2 hundreds 8 hundreds

15 tens 1 hundred 5 tens

1. 413 2. 336 3. $4.80 4. 327

228 574 2.57 425

16 219 394 3.68

810 7.99 3,717 85.29

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764 3,988 383 3,511

2,032 4,408 99,990 7.38

5,857 64,726 437,487 1.21

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Add Whole Numbers and Money E ENRICH

Hindu Addition

The Hindu people of ancient India added numbers from the left and

moved to the right.

Here is an example of Hindu addition.

Add the hundreds. Next add the tens. Last, add the ones.

8 8 16. Regroup Regroup to the tens place.

to the hundreds place. The sum is 1,371.

589 589 589

782 782 782

12 126 1261

3 37

Use the Hindu method of addition to find the sum. Show your work.

1. 56 2. 96 3. 538 4. 322

35 87 247 489

556 8.75 849 984

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Compare the Hindu method of addition to the method of addition you use. Which

method do you like best? Explain.

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Use Mental Math to Add P PRACTICE

Add mentally.

1. 32 45 2. 21 64

3. 35 13 4. $39 $24

5. 48 31 6. 298 311

17. 36 a 86 18. b 61 81

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Problem Solving

27. There are 38 dogs and 24 cats at the 28. The pet show committee spends

pet show. How many cats and dogs $316 on dog treats and $299 on cat

are there in all? treats. How much does the

committee spend on treats?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 4, pages 5253. (37) NS 3.1; AF 1.1

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Use Mental Math to Add R RETEACH

Compensation

Use compensation when a number is close to a ten or a hundred.

254 251 Subtract 3 from the other number: 254 3 251.

451

Zig-zag

Use the zig-zag method to add 356 627.

Take apart 627.

627 600 20 7

Then add each place separately.

356 356 956 976

627 600 20 7

956 976 983

Add mentally.

1. 62 39 2. 54 17

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 4, pages 5253. (38) NS 3.1; AF 1.1

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Use Mental Math to Add E ENRICH

Countdown!

Move from left to right. Add each pair of numbers mentally.

Shade any box that is the sum of the previous two boxes.

Example:

In row 1, add 19 and 53. The sum is 72. Shade the box with 72 in it.

Add 53 and 72. If the sum is 125, then shade the box with 125 in it.

195 302 402 67 469 12 480 115 595 110 805 915

2. Which method did you use to add pairs of numbers mentally when:

one number was close to 10, 100, or 1,000?

the sum of the digits was greater than 9?

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 4, pages 5253. (39) NS 3.1; AF 1.1

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Estimate Sums P PRACTICE

1. 478 597

2. $8.65 $7.15

3. $0.32 $0.65

4. 4,990 405

5. 2,188 5,621

6. 47,522 3,721

7. 863,122 254,087

8. 621 308 9. 2,188 5,621

12. 176 335 400 13. 243 50 300

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

22. Julio wants to buy drawing paper 23. The fourth-grade students make

for $8.50 and brushes for $19.95. 268 posters about bicycle safety.

About how much will he spend? The fifth-grade students make 229.

About how many posters do the

students make altogether?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 5, pages 5455. (40) NS 2.1; 3.1; MR 2.1, 2.5

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Estimate Sums R RETEACH

To estimate a sum, you can round each number. Then add the

rounded numbers.

Estimate 252 49. Estimate $5.95 $7.25.

Round each number 252 49 Round each $5.95 $7.25

to the nearest ten. number to the

250 50 nearest dollar. $6.00 $7.00

To which place will you round each number? Circle the digits in

that place. Then estimate each sum. Show how you rounded.

McGraw-Hill School Division

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 5, pages 5455. (41) NS 2.1, 3.1; MR 2.1, 2.5

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Estimate Sums E ENRICH

Star Estimates

There are five paths. Each path has six numbers. Round each

number to the nearest hundred. Then estimate the sum of the

rounded numbers on each path of the star. Write your estimate in

the box at the end of each path.

3. 30,800

23,724

5,627 3,846

1. 47,600

Start 225 45,672 152 172 429 874

5. 44,100

810 126,582

381 714

825

McGraw-Hill School Division

524 418,670

174 41,321

432 645

2. 129,600 4. 447,700

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 5, pages 5455. (42) NS 2.1, 3.1; MR 2.1, 2.5

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Skill

Solve. Explain why you gave an estimate or an exact answer.

1. James, Max, and Melba collect baseball cards. James has 870 cards,

Max has 569 cards, and Melba has 812 cards. Do the three friends

have more than 2,000 baseball cards?

2. Nicki has a collection of 79 shells and 64 rocks. How many items are

in her collection?

3. Kelly has a coin collection. Her quarters are worth $104.50. Her

dimes are worth $75.10. Her nickels are worth $27.75. What is the

total value of Kellys coin collection?

4. The Comic Book Show sells 474 tickets on Friday and 396 tickets on

Saturday. About how many tickets does the Comic Book Show sell?

5. Eldon has 98 rock CDs, 121 classical CDs, and 25 folk music CDs.

How many CDs does Eldon have?

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6. Molly has 221 stamps from the United States and 395 stamps from

other countries. About how many stamps does Molly have?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 6, pages 5657. (43) MR 1.1, 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 3.1, 3.2

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

329 football cards. Are there more than 500 cards in these two

collections altogether?

1. Which of the following statements is 2. Which number sentence will help

true? you solve the problem?

A Jenny has more cards than Ken. F 249 329 500

B Ken has more than 500 cards. G 329 249 500

C Jenny has 249 cards. H 500 249 500

Paco has 129 toy cars. His brother has 167 toy cars. How many toy

cars do they have in all?

3. Which plan can you use to solve the 4. How many toy cars do they have

problem? in all?

A Estimate the sum of 129 and 167. F 300

B Add 129 and 167. G 296

C Compare 129 and 167. H 200

Hiroshi has 429 football cards, 278 baseball cards, and 97 hockey

cards. Does Hiroshi have more than 1,000 cards in all?

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true? problem?

A Hiroshi has 278 baseball cards. F Find the exact sum for

429 278 97.

B Hiroshi has 429 cards in all.

G Estimate to tell if 429 278 is

C Hiroshi has 97 football cards.

greater than 1,000.

H Estimate to tell if 429 278 97

is greater than 1,000.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 6, pages 5657. (44) MR 1.1, 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 3.1, 3.2

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

On Saturday, 994 people see the collection. On Sunday, 812 people

see the collection. How many people came to see the antique doll

show during the three days?

7. Which plan can you use to solve the 8. How many people came to see

problem? the antique doll show during the

three days?

A Estimate the sum of 529, 994,

and 812. F 2,335

B Add 529, 994, and 812. G 2,300

C Order 529, 994 and 812 from H 1,523

least to greatest.

Solve.

9. Chelsea has 635 postcards from the 10. Gus has 65 autographs from sports

United States, 291 postcards from players, 97 autographs from actors

Canada, and 456 postcards from and actresses, and 27 autographs

Europe and Asia. Does she have from singers. About how many

more than 2,000 postcards? autographs does he have?

11. Miles has 75 old movie posters, 12. Evan has 4,212 cards. His sister has

63 concert posters, and 54 posters 5,349 cards. If they put their cards

from plays. How many posters does together, will they have more than

McGraw-Hill School Division

13. Nina has 379 stamps from the 14. Morris has a collection of

United States and 458 stamps from 44 quarters, 92 dimes, and

other countries. How many stamps 89 pennies. About how many

does she have? coins does he have?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 6, pages 5657. (45) MR 1.1, 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 3.1, 3.2

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Subtraction Patterns P PRACTICE

1. 12 8 n 2. 16 7 n

120 80 n 160 70 n

1,200 800 n 1,600 700 n

12,000 8,000 n 16,000 7,000 n

120,000 80,000 n 160,000 70,000 n

1,200,000 800,000 n 1,600,000 700,000 n

3. 11 5 n 4. 15 8 n

110 50 n 150 80 n

1,100 500 n 1,500 800 n

11,000 5,000 n 15,000 8,000 n

110,000 50,000 n 150,000 80,000 n

1,100,000 500,000 n 1,500,000 800,000 n

Subtract mentally.

5. 1,200 600 6. $8,000 $3,000

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Problem Solving

13. A video store rented 900,000 videos 14. The price for a house is $120,000.

last year. This year the store rented Ms. Smith decides to make an offer

1,500,000 videos. How many more that is $30,000 less than the price.

videos did it rent this year? How much does Ms. Smith offer

for the house?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 7, pages 6061. (46) NS 3.1; MR 1.1

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Subtraction Patterns R RETEACH

ten mentally.

Subtract the front digits. Then write a zero to match each place value.

12 7 5 12 12,000 7,000 5,000 12,000

7 7,000

5 5,000

120 70 50 120 120,000 70,000 50,000 120,000

70 70,000

50 50,000

1,200 700 500 1,200 1,200,000 700,000 500,000 1,200,000

700 700,000

500 500,000

1. 11 8 n 2. 14 5 n

110 80 n 140 50 n

Subtract mentally.

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 7, pages 6061. (47) NS 3.1; MR 1.1

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Subtraction Patterns E ENRICH

Each subtraction square is made up of eight numbers. To find the

missing numbers, subtract the two corner numbers in each square

and write the difference in between the numbers. Find the missing

numbers. Subtract until you reach the center of the square.

150 70 80

10 30 40

20 20 0

0 0 0

60 10 20 0 0 20 30 30

0 0 0

0 20 20

20 10 10

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90 40 50

2. What happens in the center of the squares?

3. What do you think will happen if you choose four other corner

numbers for the largest square? Try it and check your prediction!

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 7, pages 6061. (48) NS 3.1; MR 1.1

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Explore Subtracting Whole Numbers P PRACTICE

Subtract.

1. Use models to subtract 525 272.

2 7 2

Regroup 1 hundred 2 7 2

as 10 tens.

2 7 2

Subtract.

2. 187 3. 612 4. 356 5. 923 6. 319

95 74 127 707 79

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380 258 79 348 138

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Explore Subtracting Whole Numbers R RETEACH

Step 1 You need to 322

Model the subtract 145, 145

or 1 hundred

greater number. 4 tens 5 ones.

Step 2 1 12

Subtract the 3 2/ 2/

ones. Regroup a Subtract 145

5 ones.

ten for 10 ones, 7

if necessary.

Step 3 2 11 12

Subtract the 3/ 2/ 2/

tens. Regroup a 145

hundred for 10 77

tens, if necessary. Subtract 4 tens.

Step 4 2 11 12

Subtract the 3/ 2/ 2/

hundreds. 145

177

Subtract 1 hundred.

1. 724 2. 916 3. 568 4. 428 5. 353

318 108 59 247 182

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281 586 299 575 93

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Explore Subtracting Whole Numbers E ENRICH

Find each difference. Match the code number beside each problem

with the correct code letter.

Problems Code Numbers Code Letters

1. $3.63 $1.77 6 761 S

2. $4.25 $2.86 4 88 A

3. 181 92 9 $1.39 U

4. 573 397 13 176 T

5. 426 326 14 304 C

6. 880 119 5 $1.59 N

7. 625 317 2 89 V

8. 682 594 12 $1.86 E

9. 170 98 7 308 M

10. 590 399 15 100 I

11. 731 427 11 77 N

12. $9.05 $7.89 3 191 O

13. $6.52 $4.93 16 47 A

14. 464 387 8 138 A

15. 222 175 1 72 O

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Use this code to solve the riddle. Write the correct letter above each number.

Riddle: What animal is gray and has a trunk?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

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Subtract Whole Numbers and Money P PRACTICE

1. 757 2. $582 3. 693 4. 851

28 492 516 569

1.95 1,658 18.95 979

873 2,846 13,689 65,239

8,998 617 15.87 291.68

136,354 98,276 117,814 5,926.84

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Problem Solving

29. A toy factory made 32,154 board 30. A store earned $12,415 selling

games on Monday. On Tuesday it puzzles this week. Last week it

made 31,687 board games. How earned $9,326 selling puzzles.

many more board games did the How much more did the store

factory make on Monday? earn this week?

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Subtract Whole Numbers and Money R RETEACH

Step 1 Step 2

Subtract the ones. Regroup if necessary. Subtract the tens. Regroup if necessary.

TH H T O TH H T O

5 10 17

0 17 0/

7 6 1/ /

7 7 6/ 1/ /

7

5 7 8 9 5 7 8 9

8 2 8

Step 3 Step 4

Subtract the hundreds. Subtract the thousands.

Regroup if necessary.

TH H T O TH H T O

15 10 17 15 10 17

6 5/ 0/ 6 5/ 0/

7/ 6/ 1/ /

7 7/ 6/ 1/ /

7

5 7 8 9 5 7 8 9

8 2 8 1 8 2 8

1. 577 2. 872 3. $6.21 4. 3,457 5. $2.49

385 465 4.43 965 0.98

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3,785 6,874 6,527 8,679 2,496

11. 24,652 12. $56,716 13. 347,072 14. $6,192.48 15. 743,219

9,788 39,897 59,687 1,671.39 19,733

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Subtract Whole Numbers and Money E ENRICH

Sumerian Numbers

The Sumerians were an ancient civilization. Sumerians were one of the first

people to develop a written number system and compute with it. They had

five number symbols.

The chart shows the value of each symbol.

1 10 60 600 3,600

Example:

Sumerian symbols to the numbers in our system and subtract.

Then write the difference using Sumerian symbols.

1. 2. 3.

133 1,263 7,280

125 626 4,861

8 637 2,419

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4. 5. 6.

1,821 3,750 1,242

1,205 3,650 922

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Regroup Across Zeros P PRACTICE

1. 804 2. 701 3. $500 4. 600

565 387 244 58

108 2,987 5,431 2,542

784 2,450 7,641 8,633

25,625 35,189 7,984 25,178

321,229 39,698 101,506 89,342

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

29. Crystal Lake School held a dance 30. At the festival, 39,251 people

festival. There were 3,000 dancers at watched the dancers. Another

the festival. Of those dancers, 2,682 700,000 people watched the festival

did not win prizes. How many on television. How many more people

dancers did win prizes? watched the festival on television?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 10, pages 6667. (55) NS 3.1

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Regroup Across Zeros R RETEACH

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

No ones. Regroup the tens. Subtract the ones, the tens,

No tens. and then the hundreds.

Regroup the hundreds.

H T O H T O H T O

4 10 9 9

5/ /

0 4 /

10 10 4 /

10 10

/

5 0/ 0 /

5 0/ 0/ /

5 0/ 0/

1 8 5 1 8 5 1 8 5

3 1 5

10 tens 9 tens 8 tens 1 ten

There are not enough ones 4 hundreds 1 hundred

to subtract 9 ones. 3 hundreds

1. 602 2. 700 3. $900 4. 800 5. 304

314 203 306 523 150

1,527 1,083 2,225 259 1,326

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11. 68,000 12. 80,000 13. 74,800 14. $40,050 15. 45,000

11,770 5,287 27,862 32,037 2,374

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 10, pages 6667. (56) NS 3.1

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Regroup Across Zeros E ENRICH

Missing Digits

Find the missing digits.

1. 8 0 5 2. 5, 0 8 2 3. 9 8

7 2, 3 7 2 6

7 1 , 7 3 7 3

4. 3 0 8 5. 2, 0 3 6. 5, 1 0

9 1, 9 8 1 5 8

1 7 9 2 4, 6 4 5

7. 6, 0 4 8. 6 6 9. 5, 0

3, 8 4 7 3 3, 5 8

, 2 0 7 3 7 1 2, 2 8 3

2 6 2 3 8 6 3, 0 8 5

4 2 1 6 , 2 1 5

3 9 3 2 9 4, 8 8 1

McGraw-Hill School Division

6 7 , 5 2 , 1 4

2 0 2 , 2 3 4

5 7 3 3 3 5, 7 6

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 10, pages 6667. (57) NS 3.1

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Problem Solving: Strategy P PRACTICE

Write a number sentence to solve.

1. Meg buys candle-making supplies for 2. Sally has finished 86 squares in her

$37. She has $25 left. How much quilt. The quilt will have 100 squares.

money did Meg have before she How many squares does Sally still

bought the supplies? have to make?

3. Eric sells a painting for $125. He sells 4. Noah has saved $42. How much

a sculpture for $390. How much more money does he need to buy a

money does Eric earn in all? rare coin for $90?

Solve. Use any strategy.

5. Howard has 75 shells. On a trip, he 6. Tom makes letters for a sign that

collects another 16 shells. How many says Arts and Crafts Fair. Which

shells does he have now? letter does Mark need to make the

most of?

Strategy:

Strategy:

7. Social Studies During the 1800s, 8. Create a problem which you could

sailors made carvings called scrimshaw write a number sentence to solve.

McGraw-Hill School Division

tortoise shells. Suppose a sailor made

a carving in 1805. A collector buys the

carving in 2000. How many years old

is the carving?

Strategy:

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 11, pages 6869. (58) NS 3.1; AF 1.1, 2.1; MR 1.1

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Page 69, Problem 2

Ms. Green had 29 buttons to sew on dolls. She has 14 buttons left.

How many buttons has she already sewn on?

Step 1

Be sure you understand the problem.

Read Read carefully.

What do you know?

Ms. Green had buttons to sew on dolls.

What do you need to find?

You need to find how many

.

Step 2

Make a plan.

Plan Choose a strategy.

Make a Table You can write a number sentence to solve the problem.

or List

Write a Number Since you know the original total and the number left,

Sentence

you can write a subtraction sentence.

Work Backward

Act It Out

Find a Pattern

Make a Graph

McGraw-Hill School Division

Logical Reasoning

Solve a Simpler

Problem

Draw a Picture

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 11, pages 6869. (59) NS 3.1; AF 1.1, 2.1; MR 1.1

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Step 3

Carry out your plan.

Solve

You know Ms. Green had buttons to sew on dolls.

29 n 14

number of buttons buttons left

buttons she had already sewn on

Then use a related sentence to solve.

number of buttons left buttons already

buttons she had sewn on

She has already sewn on buttons.

Step 4

Is the solution reasonable?

Look Back Reread the problem.

Does your answer make sense? Yes No

Did you answer the question? Yes No

How can you check your answer?

What other stategies could you use to solve the problem?

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Practice

1. Keshawn spends $45 on glass and 2. Melanie sells a model sailing ship and

copper molding. He pays with a a model airplane for a total of

hundred-dollar bill. How much $40.95. She receives $23.49 for the

change does Keshawn get back? ship. How much money does Melanie

receive for the airplane?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 11, pages 6869. (60) NS 3.1; AF 1.1, 2.1; MR 1.1

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Subtract Using Mental Math P PRACTICE

Subtract mentally.

1. 46 7 2. 81 36 3. 53 19

4. 99 19 5. $78 $49 6. 92 28

7. 74 38 8. 95 37 9. 64 37

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Problem Solving

30. Josh buys a wooden horse for $4.89. 31. A bicycle shop has 309 water-bottle

He gives the cashier $5.00. How holders in stock. Ashley buys 259

much change should Josh receive? water-bottle holders from the shop.

How many water-bottle holders does

the store have left?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 12, pages 7071. (61) NS 3.1; AF 2.1

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Subtract Using Mental Math R RETEACH

Compensation

Use compensation when one number is close to a ten or a hundred.

Add or subtract the same number from both numbers.

95 97 Add 2 to 28 to make 30: 28 2 30.

28 30 Add 2 to the other number: 95 2 97.

67

103 100 Subtract 3 from 103 to make 100: 103 3 100.

45 42 Subtract 3 from 45: 45 3 42.

58

Zig-zag

Use the zig-zag method to subtract 95 28.

Take apart 28.

28 20 8

Then subtract each place separately.

95 95 75

28 20 8

75 67

Subtract mentally.

1. 26 7 2. 84 32 3. 79 31

4. $58 $17 5. 94 38 6. 86 24

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 12, pages 7071. (62) NS 3.1; AF 2.1

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Subtract Using Mental Math E ENRICH

Crossnumber Puzzle

Subtract mentally to complete the crossnumber puzzle.

A B C D

4 8 5 8 1 4

E F

2 2 5 3 3

G H I J

9 7 1 2 8 4

K L M

6 5 4 3 2

N

2 4 5 5 7

O

9 8 6 3 7

Across Down

A. 596 111 A. 626 197

G. 192 95 F. 591 76

McGraw-Hill School Division

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 12, pages 7071. (63) NS 3.1; AF 2.1

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Estimate Differences P PRACTICE

1. 467 215

2. 2,835 1,487

3. $13.95 $7.25

4. 65,074 15,472

5. 174,921 18,421

6. 835 7. $81.79 8. 6,984 9. 242,003 10. 654,026

487 31.55 322 49,887 529,620

13. 4,173 2,589 2,000 14. 8,329 957 7,000

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

21. There were 787,897 copies of the 22. The Hoop Store spends $129.99 for

Science Monthly sold last year. This an ad in the Science Monthly. The

year, 914,632 copies were sold. store spends $19.29 for an ad in the

About how many more were sold Allentown News. About how much

this year? more does the store spend on

advertising in the Science Monthly

than in the Allentown News?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 13, pages 7273. (64) NS 2.1, 3.1; MR 2.1, 2.5

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Estimate Differences R RETEACH

Then subtract the rounded numbers.

Estimate 486 27. Estimate $6.98 $4.59.

Round each number 486 27 Round each number $6.98 $4.59

to the nearest ten. to the nearest dollar

490 30 $7.00 $5.00

Subtract. 490 30 460 Subtract. $7.00 $5.00

$2.00

So, 486 27 is about 460.

So, $6.98 $4.59 is about $2.00.

To which place will you round each number? Circle the digits in that place.

Then estimate each difference. Show how you rounded.

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 13, pages 7273. (65) NS 2.1, 3.1; MR 2.1, 2.5

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Estimate Differences E ENRICH

A-Mazing Differences

Estimate each difference. Circle the correct answer.

Use your answers to find the path through the maze.

1. 961 472 2. 874 215 3. 4,971 2,364 4. 729 346

A. 400 A. 500 A. 3,000 A. 300

B. 500 B. 600 B. 2,000 B. 400

C. 600 C. 700 C. 1,000 C. 500

A. 0 A. $5.00 A. $30.00 A. 2,000

B. 100 B. $6.00 B. $40.00 B. 3,000

C. 200 C. $7.00 C. $50.00 C. 4,000

9. 5,692 3,766 10. 42,874 16,422 11. 69,124 31,346 12. 892,617 85,600

A. 1,000 A. 20,000 A. 40,000 A. 700,000

B. 2,000 B. 30,000 B. 30,000 B. 800,000

C. 3,000 C. 40,000 C. 20,000 C. 900,000

7A

9C

6B

7C

6C

t

ar

6A

5A

St

7A

5B

7B

8A

9B

5C

1A

4B

8C

C

10

4A

1C

4C

1B

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B

10

2B

10

C

11

2C

A

11

3C

8B

C

11

12

3A

sh

12

3B

2A

ni

Fi

B

12

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 13, pages 7273. (66) NS 2.1, 3.1; MR 2.1, 2.5

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214

Problem Solving: Application Part

A WORKSHEET

Decision

Applying Addition and Subtraction Making

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Your Decision

Where do you think The Outdoor Club should eat? Explain.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 14, pages 7475. (67) MR 1.1; NS 3.1

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

that the magnet can hold (Number of paper clips a

when this material is magnet can hold with

used as a blocker no blocker)

minus

(Number of paper clips a

magnet can hold when

this material is used

as a blocker)

Magnet only

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 14, pages 7677. (68) NS 1.2, 3.1; MR 1.1, 3.1

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

can hold with no blocker and the number of paper clips a magnet

can hold with each of the different blockers you used?

4. What are some other materials that you think would be good

blockers? Explain.

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5. What are some other materials that you think would be bad

blockers? Explain.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 2, Lesson 14, pages 7677. (69) NS 1.2, 3.1; MR 1.1, 3.1

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Tell Time P PRACTICE

1. 2. 3.

9 48

or hours.

4. Debbie spends 20 at the dentist.

8. 120 minutes = hours 9. seconds = 3 minutes

1

10. 2 hour = minutes 11. 15 minutes = hour

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14.

Minutes 60 120 180 240 300

Hours 1 2

15.

Minutes 1 2 3 4 5

Seconds 60 120

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 1, pages 9295. (70) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Tell Time R RETEACH

5 40

after five six or twenty minutes to six

Write: 5:40

1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

4 15 3 20 2 50

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7. 8. 9.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 1, pages 9295. (71) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Tell Time E ENRICH

Patterns in Time

The times shown on the clocks are in a pattern.

What time would the next clock show? What is the pattern?

1.

11 12 1 11 12 1 11 12 1

10 2 10 2 10 2

9 3 9 3 9 3

8 4 8 4 8 4

7 6 5 7 6 5 7 6 5

2.

5 :45 5 :30 5 :15

Time: Pattern: Decrease by hour.

3.

11 12 1 11 12 1 11 12 1

10 2 10 2 10 2

9 3 9 3 9 3

8 4 8 4 8 4

7 6 5 7 6 5 7 6 5

4.

3 :10 3 :00 2 :50

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5.

11 12 1 11 12 1 11 12 1

10 2 10 2 10 2

9 3 9 3 9 3

8 4 8 4 8 4

7 6 5 7 6 5 7 6 5

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 1, pages 9295. (72) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Elapsed Time P PRACTICE

1. Begin: 12:00 P.M. 2. Begin: 1:15 A.M. 3. Begin: 11:05 P.M.

End: 2:20 P.M. End: 1:50 A.M. End: 1:00 A.M.

End: 5:40 A.M. End: 12:00 A.M. End: 12:15 P.M.

End: 1:55 A.M. End: 2:10 P.M. End: 8:00 A.M.

10. 11. 12.

8 50

13. 5:16 A.M. is minutes after 5:00 A.M.

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Problem Solving

17. Lisa leaves her house at 8:45 A.M. 18. The Big Beach bus leaves the city at

She gets to karate class 35 minutes 6:40 P.M. The bus arrives at the

later. At what time does Lisa get beach at 8:25 P.M. How long is the

to karate class? trip to the beach?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 2, pages 9697. (73) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Elapsed Time R RETEACH

Elapsed time is the amount of time that passes from the start to the

end of an action. Follow these steps to find how much time has

elapsed from 8:20 A.M. to 11:35 A.M.

First count the number of hours. Then count the number of minutes.

So, 3 hours 15 minutes have passed.

How much time has passed?

1. Begin End 2. Begin End

12 15 3 15

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6 00 10 30 2 15 2 35

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 2, pages 9697. (74) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Elapsed Time E ENRICH

Flying Time

Use the time zone map to answer each question. Show your answer in local

time. Remember to include the time zone; for example, 7:00 A.M. Central Time.

Pacific Time Mountain Time Central Time Eastern Time

11 12 1 11 12 1 11 12 1 11 12 1

10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2

9 3 9 3 9 3 9 3

8 4 8 4 8 4 8 4

7 6 5 7 6 5 7 6 5 7 6 5

Seattle

Phoenix Dallas

Miami

1. It takes about 5 hours to fly from Los Angeles to New York City.

If a plane leaves Los Angeles at 8:00 A.M., at what time will it arrive

in New York City?

2. It takes 4 hours 30 minutes for a plane to fly from Atlanta to

Phoenix. If a plane departs from Atlanta at 10:00 A.M., at what

time will it arrive in Phoenix?

3. A plane flew from Seattle to Atlanta. It arrived in Atlanta at

1:05 A.M. The flight lasted for 5 hours 40 minutes. At what

time did it depart from Seattle?

4. The flight between Dallas and Miami takes 2 hours 41 minutes.

Complete the flight schedule below.

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5. How did you adjust for the time zones in your answers?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 2, pages 9697. (75) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Calendar P PRACTICE

Use the calendars for July and August for exercises 18.

S M T W T F S S M T W T F S

1 1 2 3 4 5

Nick

arrives!

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Independence

Day!

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Football

practice

begins!

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 27 28 29 30 31

30 31

Thursday in July? Independence Day?

3. Cindy will return from vacation on 4. If soccer camp runs from July 7

the Monday after Nick arrives. On through the following Saturday, how

which date will Cindy return? long is soccer camp?

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August 1. The movers are coming Wednesday. How many lessons will

4 days before that. On which date he have in July and August?

will the movers arrive?

7. Nick will leave on August 30. another appointment 10 days later. On

For how many weeks will he visit? which date is Pats appointment?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 3, pages 9899. (76) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Calendar R RETEACH

Suppose today is May 8. How many days is it until Mothers Day?

Count on from May 8 to May 14. It is 6 days from May 8 to May 14.

S M T W T F S S M T W T F S

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Mothers Flag

Day Day

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Fathers

Day

28 29 30 31 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

1. How long is it from Flag Day to 2. How long is it from Mothers Day

Fathers Day? to the following Sunday?

3. Sports camp runs from June 19 through 4. How many weeks are there from May

June 30. How long is camp? 1 to June 5?

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5. On which day of the week is Flag Day? 6. Memorial Day is celebrated on the last

Monday in May. Which date is that?

7. Dave will return from vacation on the 8. The last day of school is June 7. Toms

Monday after Flag Day. On which birthday is 5 days before that. When

date will he return? is Toms birthday?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 3, pages 9899. (77) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Calendar E ENRICH

Calendar Calculations

Use the calendar to solve the problems.

S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S

1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 27 28 29 26 27 28 29 30 31 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 28 29 30 31 25 26 27 28 29 30

30 31 30

S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S

1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 1 2

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 27 28 29 30 31 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 29 30 31 26 27 28 29 30 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

30 31 31

1. Jamie will start basketball practice 2. John plans to go on a skiing trip the

on the first Monday in September. third Friday in December. He must

She plans to buy sneakers at least buy his ticket 14 days in advance of

two weeks before practice begins. the flight. He wants to make the

On which date will basketball plane reservations 4 weeks before

practice begin? Which is the latest buying the ticket. Which is the latest

date on which she can buy her date on which he should make his

sneakers? plane reservations?

3. George's team has its first game on 4. Holly wants to run her best race the

May 15. They plan to spend four second Saturday in June. To train, she

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spend a week practicing every day weeks. Before she begins speed

after school. Which is the latest training, she must do endurance runs

date on which they should start for 4 weeks. Which is the latest date

practicing? on which she should begin training?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 3, pages 9899. (78) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Line Plots P PRACTICE

1. Complete the tally table and line plot for the following data.

Number of Miles Run Each Day by the Members of the Fleet-Footed Club

3 2 5 4 6 3 1 5 4 3 2 6

4 3 5 3 2 2 1 5 4 3 6 3

2 5 3 1 4 2 5 6 2 3 2

Number of Miles Run Each Day

Number of Miles Run Each Day by the

by Members of The Fleet-Footed Club

Members of the Fleet-Footed Club

Number of

Tally Total

Miles

6

1 2 3 4 5 6

Use the line plot to answer the questions.

2. How many miles did the greatest number of students run?

5. How many more members ran 4 miles a day than ran 1 mile a day?

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Use the data below to make a tally table and line plot on a separate sheet of paper.

Ages of Fleet-Footed Club Members

8 11 12 9 13 14 12 11 8 12 10 12

11 9 13 12 11 9 12 14 11 12 13 10

9 12 10 13 9 12 11 14 10 9 13

7. What statement can you make about the data in your line plot?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 4, pages 100101. (79) SDP 1.1

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Line Plots R RETEACH

data is shown below.

Number of Letters in Words in a Story

3 3 5 6 4 2 1 5 6 3 4 7

3 2 3 5 2 8 4 5 3 3 5 2

5 6 3 5 1 4

To compare the data, you can make a line plot.

Example: For the first number, 3, make a tally mark in the table. Cross out

the 3 in the data above. Then record and cross out the remaining

3s. In the line plot, use an X to stand for each word in the story.

Number of Total 2 words had 7 words had

Letters in Tally Number 1 letter. 5 letters.

Words of Words

1 2 X

X

2 3 words had

X 6 letters.

3 8

X

4

X X

5

X X X

6 X X X

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7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

8

1. 3 letters? 2. 2 letters? 3. 8 letters?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 4, pages 100101. (80) SDP 1.1

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Line Plots E ENRICH

Mystery Plot

Use the clues below to complete the line plot.

Number of Books Read in September by Students in Fourth Grade

5 6 7 8 9 10

Clues

There are 4 students who read 5 books The number of students who read 8

a month and 3 times as many who read books a month is 2 less than the

7 books a month. number of students who read 6 and 9

books a month combined.

The number of students who read 6

books a month is 7 less than the number The number of students who read 9

of students who read 7 books a month. books a month is twice as many as the

number of the students who read 6

The number of students who read 10

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books a month.

books a month is half the number who

read 7 books a month.

1. How many students were surveyed?

2. How many books were read by the greatest number of students each month?

About how many was that a week?

3. How many books were read by the least number of students?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 4, pages 100101. (81) SDP 1.1

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Range, Median and Mode P PRACTICE

aluminum cans. The line plot shows how many cans the students

collected in March. Use data from the line plot for exercises 13.

1. Find the range, median, and mode Number of Aluminum Cans Collected

from the line plot. in March

Range: X

X

Median:

X X

Mode: X X

X X

2. What does the mode tell you about

X X X

this data?

X X X X X

X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X

3. What does the median tell you about 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

this data?

Least to Greatest

4. 6, 8, 8, 9, 5, 4, 8, 7, 5

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 5, pages 102103. (82) SDP 1.1, 1.2

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Range, Median and Mode R RETEACH

You can analyze data using the range, median, and mode.

Use the line plot to help you find the range, median, and mode.

Range: the difference between the Time It Takes to Get to School

greatest and least numbers X

Range: 25 5 20 X

Median: the middle number when the X X

data is arranged in order from least to X X X

greatest X X X

The data in the line plot is arranged in X X X

order. There are 29 Xs, so the middle X is X X X

the 15th X. The 15th X in the line plot is X X X X

above 10, so the median is 10. X X X X

Mode: the number that occurs most often X X X X X

The greatest number of Xs is above 10, so 0 5 10 15 20 25

10 is the mode. Minutes

Order the data from least to greatest. Then find the range, median, and mode.

1. Data: 6, 4, 3, 3, 0, 5, 8

List in order from least to greatest: , , , , , ,

Range: 0 =

Median:

Mode:

2. Data: 83, 96, 72, 91, 83

List in order from least to greatest: , , , ,

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Range: 96 =

Median:

Mode:

3. Data: 56, 88, 100, 34, 96, 56, 92

List in order from least to greatest: , , , , , ,

Range:

Median:

Mode:

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 5, pages 102103. (83) SDP 1.1, 1.2

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Range, Median, and Mode E ENRICH

Ms. Lee's math class is divided into three groups. Each group

found the range, median, and mode of the group's scores.

Use the data for each group to find the missing scores.

1.

Group 1s Test Scores Students Scores for Group 1

Brian 86 Nancy

2.

Group 2s Test Scores Students Scores for Group 2

Serena 98 Carl 80

3.

Group 3s Test Scores Students Scores for Group 3

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Mario 86 Rita 92

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 5, pages 102103. (84) SDP 1.1,1.2

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Skill

Circle the question that you need to answer. Cross out any extra

information. Then solve or tell what information you need to solve

the problem.

1. Fiona is taking a train from Boston to 2. On Tuesday, September 7, Noah

Providence on May 6th. The train bought a ticket for a flight that

arrives in Providence at 3:54 P.M. leaves on September 20th. The ticket

How long is the train trip? cost $329. On what day of the week

is Noahs flight?

3. Marion and her daughter fly from 4. A train leaves Washington, D.C., at

Atlanta to Dallas. The round-trip fare 5:45 A.M. and arrives in Philadelphia

for Marion is $349. The fare for at 8:00 A.M. A train from New York

Marions daughter is the same. This City arrives in Washington, D.C., at

fare costs $50 more than the fare 8:10 A.M. Which train ride takes

the last time Marion flew. What was more time?

the round-trip fare the last time

Marion flew?

Philadelphia. Flight 17 leaves Atlanta 54 from New York City to San

at 11:39 A.M. and arrives in Francisco costs $399. A round-trip

Philadelphia at 1:43 P.M. Flight 20 first-class ticket on Flight 54 costs

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arrives in Philadelphia at 10:54 P.M. Flight 98 from New York City to San

A coach ticket on Flight 17 is $109. Francisco costs $438. How much

This is $20 more than a ticket on more expensive is a round-trip coach

Flight 20. Which flight is shorter? ticket on Flight 98 than on Flight 54?

How much shorter is it?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 6, pages 104105. (85) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

Flight 81 leaves Salt Lake City at 2:55 P.M. and arrives in Phoenix at

4:30 P.M. Flight 62 from Salt Lake City, which is sold out, arrives in

Phoenix at 3:45 P.M. Which flight is faster?

1. Which of the following statements 2. What important information is

is false? missing?

A Flight 81 takes less than 2 hours. F the time that Flight 81 leaves Salt

B Flight 62 arrives in Phoenix after Lake City

Flight 81 does. G the time that Flight 81 arrives in

C Flight 62 is sold out. Phoenix

D Flight 81 arrives in Phoenix before H the time that Flight 62 leaves Salt

5:00 P.M. Lake City

J the time that Flight 62 arrives in

Salt Lake City

An express train leaves Grand Terminal at 5:05 P.M. The train arrives

at the first stop at 5:21 P.M., the second stop at 5:46 P.M., and the

last stop at 6:04 P.M. How long is the train ride?

3. Which extra information is not 4. How long is the train ride?

needed to solve the problem? F 16 minutes

A the time the train leaves Grand G 41 minutes

Terminal H 59 minutes

B the time the train arrives at the J 61 minutes

second stop

C the time the train arrives at the

last stop

D none of the above

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Houston at 11:50 A.M. the next day. How long does the train ride take?

5. Which extra information is not 6. How long does the train ride take?

needed to solve the problem? F 4 hours 30 minutes

A the time the train leaves Chicago G 7 hours 30 minutes

B the time the train arrives in H 8 hours 30 minutes

Sacramento J 19 hours 30 minutes

C the date the train leaves

D none of the above

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 6, pages 104105. (86) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

Ty wants to take a nonstop flight that leaves Miami at 7:25 A.M. and arrives

in Cincinnati at 9:55 A.M., but the flight is sold out. Instead, he takes a

9:00 A.M. flight from Miami to Atlanta. Then Ty takes a flight from Atlanta to

Cincinnati. That flight leaves Atlanta at 12:00 noon. How much later does Ty

arrive in Cincinnati than he would have if he had taken a nonstop flight?

7. Which of the following statements 8. What information do you still need

is false? to solve the problem?

A Ty catches a 12:00 noon flight. F the time the 12:00 noon flight

B Ty catches a 9:00 A.M. flight. from Atlanta arrives in Cincinnati

C The nonstop flight takes less than G the time the 9:00 A.M. flight from

3 hours. Miami arrives in Atlanta

D Tys trip to Cincinnati takes H the time the 7:25 A.M. flight from

3 hours. Miami arrives in Cincinnati

J the time the 7:25 A.M. flight from

Miami arrives in Atlanta

Solve. Identify extra or missing information in each problem.

9. A round-trip first-class ticket from St. 10. A train leaves Rocky Mount, NC, at

Louis to San Diego costs $1,600. A 1:16 P.M. The train arrives in Petersburg,

round-trip coach ticket costs $359. VA, at 2:45 P.M. and in Richmond,

The Howards buy 3 tickets. How VA, at 3:22 P.M. How long is the trip

much do they spend? from Rocky Mount to Richmond?

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11. A bus leaves the terminal at 6:10 P.M. 12. Samantha takes a train to New York

It makes its first stop at 6:30 P.M. and City. She catches the train at 7:25 A.M.

its second stop at 6:55 P.M. When The train stops in Newark at 7:41 A.M.

will the bus arrive at its third stop? The train arrives in New York at

7:59 A.M. How much time does

Samanthas ride take?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 6, pages 104105. (87) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3

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Problem Solving: Strategy P PRACTICE

Work Backward

Work backward to solve.

for a movie that starts at 7:45 P.M. It from school to the mall. She spends

will take him about 20 minutes to 45 minutes at the mall. Sandy leaves

walk to the theater. When should Bill the mall at 4:20 P.M. When did she

leave home? leave school?

3. Nick spent $21.50 on a theater ticket 4. Sally spends $16.50 on gas, $2.25

and $12.50 on a meal. He has on tolls, and $2.75 on a snack. She

$14.25 left. How much money did has $32.10. How much money did

Nick start with? she start with?

Solve. Use any strategy.

5. Barry makes letters for a sign that 6. Mr. Carlson has $424. He spends

reads Free Field Trip Sign-Up Sheet. $29 on gasoline. How much money

Which letter does Mark need to does Mr. Carlson have left?

make the most of?

Strategy:

Strategy:

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110 calories. About how many solved by working backward. Share

calories would you burn if you it with others.

walked 2 miles?

Strategy:

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 7, pages 108109. (88) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Work Backward

Page 109, Problem 1

Mindy wants to eat before the 7:40 P.M. show. She needs about 45 minutes

to order and eat her dinner. What is the latest time she can order?

Step 1

Be sure you understand the problem.

Read Read carefully.

What do you know?

Mindy needs about minutes to order and

eat her dinner.

What do you need to find?

You need to find the latest time that Mindy

.

Step 2

Make a plan.

Plan Choose a strategy.

Make a Table You can work backward to solve the problem.

or List

Write a Number Start at the time of the show.

Sentence

Work Backward Then work backward to find the time that Mindy needs

Act it Out to order.

Find a Pattern

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Make a Graph

Guess and Check

Logical Reasoning

Solve Simpler

Problem

Draw a Picture

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 7, pages 108109. (89) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Work Backward

Step 3

Carry out your plan.

Solve

Mindy needs about minutes to order and

eat her dinner.

Start at 7:40 P.M.

Think: Mindy wants to finish eating

by 7:40 P.M. She needs to order

45 minutes before that time.

Move backward 45 minutes.

is .

Step 4

Is the solution reasonable?

Look Back Reread the problem.

Work forward to check your answer.

Start with your answer. Move forward 45 minutes.

Did you end at 7:40 P.M.?

What other strategies could you use to solve the problem?

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Practice

1. Laurel wants to watch a show that 2. Paul plays basketball for 30 minutes

begins at 8:30 A.M. Before she can and Frisbee for 15 minutes. Then he

watch TV, she has to practice piano walks home.The walk takes 20 minutes.

for 1 hour 15 minutes. At what time If Paul gets home at 2:30 P.M., at what

does Laurel have to start practicing? time did he start playing basketball?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 7, pages 108109. (90) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3

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Explore Pictographs P PRACTICE

1. Complete the table. Then use the table to complete the pictograph.

Like the Most? Like the Most?

Invention Tally Total Computer

Computer

CD Player

CD Player

Car

Car

Television Television

2. Which item do people like the most?

3. How many more people like their computers than their televisions?

Then answer each question.

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Favorite Lunches

more than spaghetti?

Lunch Tally

Pizza

8. How many students took part in

Hamburgers

the survey?

Spaghetti

Chicken

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Explore Pictographs R RETEACH

out whether their favorite color is red, blue,

or yellow. This is the data they collected. Red 10

Blue 11

Yellow 6

Here is how to make a pictograph of the data. Favorite Colors

Step 1: Write a title. List the categories. Red

Step 2: Choose a picture to show the data.

Blue

You can use 1 picture to represent 2

students. So, half of a picture will Yellow

represent 1 student. Use the picture

to make a key. Key: Each stands for 2 students.

Step 3: Use the key to draw pictures to show

Key: Each stands for 1 student.

the data for each category.

Answer the questions to help you.

1. How many people chose oranges? 2. How many people chose apples?

How many faces will you draw? How many faces will you draw?

Fruit Tally Total Apples

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Apples 9

Pears

Pears 5

Oranges

Oranges 10

Plums 4 Plums

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 1, pages 110111. (92) SDP 1.1, 1.3

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Explore Pictographs E ENRICH

Stamp Collecting

Use the clues below to complete the pictograph.

Stamps of birds

Stamps of flowers

Clues

Sarah has 5 fewer stamps from other countries than stamps of

famous people.

Sarah has twice as many stamps of famous events as stamps from

other countries.

Sarah has 3 more stamps of famous landmarks than stamps from

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other countries.

Sarah has 1 more than twice as many bird stamps as stamps of

famous events.

If Sarah had 6 more flower stamps, she would have an amount

equal to the number of bird stamps.

Would you use 1 stamp to stand for 8 stamps in the key? Why or why not?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 8, pages 110111. (93) SDP 1.1, 1.3

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Bar Graphs P PRACTICE

Complete the table below. Then use it to complete the bar graph

and answer exercises 14.

Favorite Types of Music

Adults Teenagers

Country

Classical

Jazz

Rap

16

14

Number of People

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

Country Classical Jazz Rap Rock and Roll

Adults Teenagers

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times by adults and teenagers?

music?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 9, pages 112115. (94) SDP 1.1, 1.3

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Bar Graphs R RETEACH

A single-bar graph presents one set of data. A double-bar graph

presents two sets of data.

represent each set of data. Write a title, headings for the vertical

and horizontal sides, and select a scale just as you would for a

single-bar graph. Remember to include different headings for both

sets of data.

Favorite Vacation Spots

vacation spot? How many 20

people chose it? 18

16

Number of People

14

12

10

8

6

2. Did more people choose 4

2

France, Hawaii, or Greece as

0

their favorite vacation spot? Hawaii Greece Florida France Australia

3. How many more boys than 10

girls chose Hawaii as their 9

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8

Number of People

7

6

5

4

4. Which vacation spot shows 3

the greatest difference 2

between boys and girls? 1

0

Hawaii Greece Florida France Australia

Boys Girls

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Bar Graphs E ENRICH

Misleading Graphs

The bar graph shows the earnings of Bayside Auto Plaza and Auto World.

1. The bar for Auto World is twice as

high as the bar for Bayside Auto Earnings of Car Sales

Plaza. Does this mean that Auto $150,000

World earns twice as much as

Bayside Auto Plaza?

$140,000

earnings of the two stores?

$120,000

3. Is the graph misleading? Explain.

0 130,000 150,000

Bayside Auto

Auto Plaza World

cars she sold in one year.

Car SalesGraph A Car SalesGraph B

Number of Cars Sold

50 100

40 80

30 60

20 40

10 20

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0 0

March

April

Jan.

Feb.

March

April

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Oct.

Jan.

Sept.

July

June

Dec.

Month Months

4. Do both bar graphs show the same data?

5. Which graph do you think the salesperson showed her boss? Tell why.

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Coordinate Graphing P PRACTICE

1. mall 12

11

school

10

2. library 9 post office

library

8

bank

3. park 7

park

6

4. school 5 mall

fire station

4

3

5. video arcade video arcade

2

pool

1

0

Name the place at each location. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1112

6. (9, 1) 7. (1, 9)

8. (4, 5) 9. (3, 8)

12

city hall

10. jail 11

police station

10 jail

9

11. movie theater court house

8 pet store

7

12. police station 6

movie theater

5 grocery store

4

13. grocery store 3

2 soccer field

1

Name the place at each location. 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1112

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18. A drive-in diner is being built 19. A parking garage is being built

3 blocks down from the pet between the city hall and the

store. What ordered pair names court house. What ordered pair

this location? names the garages location?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 10, pages 116117. (97) MG 2.1, 2.2, 2.3

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Coordinate Graphing R RETEACH

rides at an amusement park.

9

Where is the Space Ride located?

Sky Ride Ferris Wheel Carousel

Start at 0. Go right 1, and then 8

go up 2. You can write the

location of the Space Ride as the 7

Swings Paddle Boats

ordered pair (1, 2). 6

Tidal Force

In an ordered pair, the first

5

number tells you how far to go to

the right. The second number Log Ride Roller Coaster

4

tells you how far to go up.

3

Shells Scrambler

Try this. Go right 5, Go up 1.

2

(5, 1) ordered pair Space Ride

Tea Cups

1

Which ride do you find?

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

What is here? What is here?

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5. (5, 8) 6. (2, 3)

7. (4, 6) 8. (1, 6)

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 10, pages 116117. (98) MG 2.1, 2.2, 2.3

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Coordinate Graphing E ENRICH

Locate each ordered pair on the grid below. Label it with the

exercise number. Then connect the dots in order.

1. (17, 3) 2. (11, 7) 3. (10, 0) 4. (9, 7)

9. (3, 17) 10. (9, 13) 11. (10, 20) 12. (11, 13)

13. (17, 17) 14. (13, 11) 15. (20, 10) 16. (13, 9)

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

9

8

7

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6

5

4

3

2

1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 10, pages 116117. (99) MG 2.1, 2.2, 2.3

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Explore Line Graphs P PRACTICE

Month Amount $3,200

$3,000

July $1,700 $2,800

$2,600

Amount

August $1,000 $2,400

$2,200

September $1,700 $2,000

$1,800

October $2,500 $1,600

$1,400

November $2,700 $1,200

$1,000

December $3,200 0

July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Month

1. In which month was the greatest 2. In which two months were sales

dollar amount of toys sold at Toy City? the same?

3. During which month did sales 4. During which month did sales

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5. What is the difference in sales 6. In how many months did Toy City sell

between the highest and lowest more than $1,600 worth of toys?

points on the graph

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 11, pages 118119. (100) SDP 1.1,1.3

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Explore Line Graphs R RETEACH

The table below shows the number of ice-cream cones sold over a

year at the Ice-Cream Cottage. You can also show this information

in a line graph.

Ice-Cream Cones Sold

Ice-Cream Cone Sales 900

Month Number 800

July 800 700

600

August 900

500

September 700

400

October 650 300

November 350 200

December 100 100

0

July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Show the data from the table in Month

the line graph.

Draw a dot across from 650 on the

graphs scale (650 is half way

between 600 and 700).

Draw a dot for each of the other months number of sales.

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1. In which month was the greatest 2. How many ice-cream cones were

number of ice-cream cones sold? sold in July?

3. How many more ice-cream cones 4. Between which two months did the

were sold in July than in December? greatest decrease in sales take place?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 11, pages 118119. (101) SDP 1.1, 1.3

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Explore Line Graphs E ENRICH

Population Trends

Use the clues to complete the line graph.

Clues

Foxwood had 200 more people in 1930 than it did in 1920.

The population was the same in 1940 as it was in 1930.

In 1950, the number of people increased by 200.

There were 1,600 people living in Foxwood in 1960.

The number of people decreased by 200 in 1970 and 100 in 1980.

The population in 1990 was 200 more than in 1980.

Population Changes in Foxwood

2,200

2,100

2,000

Number of People

1,900

1,800

1,700

1,600

1,500

1,400

1,300

1,200

1,100

0

1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000

Year

Write the years during which each event most likely happened.

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Event Years

population began growing again.

moved to Foxwood for jobs.

people lost their jobs.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 11, pages 118119. (102) SDP 1.1, 1.3

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312

Problem Solving: Application Part

A WORKSHEET

Decision

Applying Time and Data Making

Show how the Sequoia Nature Club can spend its time. Make a

schedule.

Activity Starting Time of Activity Ending Time of Activity

Your Decision

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Which activities did you choose for the Sequoia Nature Club?

Explain your choices.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 12, pages 120121. (103) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 2.6, 3.1

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312

Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

10

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repeated the puzzle over and over.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 12, pages 122123. (104) NS 1.2; SDP 1.1, 1.3; MR 2.3, 3.2

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312

Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

2. How many times did you have to work the puzzle until you

mastered it?

the puzzle?

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5. Explain how you used your short- and long-term memory to learn

the puzzle.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 3, Lesson 12, pages 122123. (105) NS 1.2; SDP 1.1, 1.3; MR 2.3, 3.2

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The Meaning of Multiplication P PRACTICE

1. 2.

3. 4.

5. 6 6. 7 7. 3 8. 7 9. 6 10. 7

6 7 5 3 0 5

8 7 6 5 8 8

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29. 2 (n 5) 30 30. (j 7) 4 56

31. (2 v) 6 48 32. (3 r) 8 72

Problem Solving

33. Jason practices his violin 2 hours 34. Sheila arranges her pennies in 9

every day. How many hours does rows with 6 pennies in each row.

he practice in 7 days? How many pennies does Sheila have?

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The Meaning of Multiplication R RETEACH

The answer is the product.

First factor:

number of rows 5

Second factor:

number in each row 6

6 factor

6 6 6 6 6 30 You can write 5 6 30 or 5 factor

factor factor product 30 product

of Rows Each Row in All Sentence

1.

2.

3.

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4. 4 5. 7 6. 6 7. 5 8. 3 9. 6

3 3 4 0 5 5

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The Meaning of Multiplication E ENRICH

To show all the facts with a product of 6, draw as many rectangles

as you can that contain 6 squares. Count the number of squares in

each column and row.

Those are the factors.

The factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3, and 6.

616 166 326 236

each product. Then list the factors.

1. 12 2. 18

3. 20 4. 24

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Properties of Multiplication P PRACTICE

different multiplication sentence.

1. 9 8 2. 8 7 3. 5 2

4. 9 4 5. 3 4 6. 9 2

7. 6 9 8. 2 3 9. 7 4

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Problem Solving

28. Joe plants pine seedlings in 7 rows. 29. Tanya has 9 pencils in each package.

He puts 6 seedlings in each row. How She has 6 packages. How many

many seedlings does Joe plant? pencils does Tanya have in all?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 2, pages 140141. (109) AF 1.1; MR 1.1

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Properties of Multiplication R RETEACH

Commutative Property

The order of the factors does not change

the answer.

428 248

Identity Property Zero Property

The product of 1 and any number is The product of any number and

that number. zero is zero.

400

070

another sentence.

1. 3 9 2. 5 7 3. 4 6

9 27 5 6

4. 2 8 5. 1 4 6. 0 5

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7. 1 8 8. 0 7 9. 5 1

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 2, pages 140141. (110) AF 1.1; MR 1.1

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Properties of Multiplication E ENRICH

What number does each symbol in the table below stand for? Use the

Commutative, Identity, and Zero properties of multiplication to help

you find out. Write the number next to the symbol in the code key.

1. 6 6 2. 6 26

7 8 5 10

3. 90 4. 6

5 0 6

5. 9 6. 8

9

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7. 05 8. 4

10 6

what other multiplication fact do you know?

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Multiply by 2, 3, 4, and 6 P PRACTICE

1. 2.

Multiply.

3. 7 4 4. 1 6 5. 8 2 6. 3 3

7. 9 6 8. 5 4 9. 0 6 10. 5 3

3 6 2 6 8 6

4 3 0 6 2 6

6 8 5 6 9 7

37. If 3, then how much is ?

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Problem Solving

40. Cars are parked in 2 rows. There are 41. Four parents are needed on each of

8 cars in each row. How many cars 9 committees. How many parents are

are parked? needed?

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Multiply by 2, 3, 4, and 6 R RETEACH

Find 2 8. Think: Skip count by 2s eight times.

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 These are multiples of 2.

2 8 16

3 6 9 12 15 18 21 These are multiples of 3.

7 3 21

Double a fact to multiply by 4. Double a fact to multiply by 6.

4 5 (2 5) (2 5) 6 5 (3 5) (3 5)

10 10 20 15 15 30

Skip count to find the answer. Use the models above to help you.

1. 2 7 2. 6 2 3. 2 8 4. 9 2

5. 6 3 6. 3 8 7. 9 3 8. 3 7

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Double a fact to find the answer. You can use counters to help you.

9. 6 8 (3 8) (3 ) 10. 4 7 (2 ) (2 )

11. 7 6 (7 ) (7 ) 12. 8 4 (8 ) (8 )

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Multiply by 2, 3, 4, and 6 E ENRICH

Triangle Math

In each triangle, the number on the bottom left is the product of

the middle left and the top number. The number on the bottom

right is the product of the middle right and the top number.

Complete the triangles. The top number must be a 2, 3, 4, or 6.

1. 2. 3. 4.

2 3 6 4

1 6 6 3 3 1 8 3

2 12 18 9 18 6 32 12

5. 6. 7. 8.

6 2 4 3

7 5 7 8 2 6 7 8

42 30 14 16 8 24 21 24

2 6 3 4

9 5 6 8 9 5 5 9

18 10 36 48 27 15 20 36

3 4 6 2

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1 4 4 7 4 9 2 3

3 12 16 28 24 54 4 6

17. Explain how you found the answer to the triangle in exercise 3.

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Multiply by 5 and 10 P PRACTICE

Multiply.

1. 5 4 2. 5 8 3. 6 10 4. 1 5

5. 0 5 6. 3 10 7. 7 5 8. 4 10

6 3 3 8 2 5

9 1 5 6 4 4

7 8 0 0 2 7

1 9 5 5 5 5

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Problem Solving

53. Gene has 5 boxes of crayons with 54. Jan places 5 rows of 8 stars in a

10 crayons in each box. How many rectangle to make a design. How

crayons does Gene have? many stars does she use?

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Multiply by 5 and 10 R RETEACH

Find 7 5 Think: Skip count by 5s four times.

5 10 15 20 25 30 35

7 5 35

Find 8 10. Think: Skip count by 10s three times.

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

8 10 80

1. 2.

65 5 10

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3. 4 5 4. 3 10 5. 5 10 6. 6 5

7. 9 5 8. 6 10 9. 7 5 10. 7 10

8 8 5 9 9 4

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Multiply by 5 and 10 E ENRICH

True Sums

Write multiplication sentences to make each sum true. Each

multiplication sentence must have a 5 or a 10 as one of its factors.

1. 2 10 20 2. 10 1 10 3. 7 10 70

5 4 20 5 2 10 8 5 40

40 Sum 20 Sum 110 Sum

4. 5 3 15 5. 5 6 30 6. 4 5 20

10 10 100 8 10 80 10 9 90

115 Sum 110 Sum 110 Sum

7. 5 7 35 8. 9 5 45 9. 5 1 5

5 10 50 10 8 80 5 10 50

85 Sum 125 Sum 55 Sum

10. 3 10 30 11. 4 10 40 12. 5 5 25

5 9 45 5 10 50 10 6 60

75 Sum 90 Sum 85 Sum

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Can you follow the rules and find other numbers that will give

a true sum for exercises 1 and 4?

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Multiply by 7, 8, and 9 P PRACTICE

Multiply.

1. 5 7 2. 9 7 3. 1 8 4. 9 9

5. 3 8 6. 8 7 7. 4 9 8. 2 8

9 2 8 3 0 9

8 8 1 7 1 6

4 2 3 3 5 6

Algebra & Functions Find the rule. Then complete the table.

39.

Rule:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

0 9 18 27

40.

Rule:

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0 1 2 3 4 5 6

0 8 16 24

Problem Solving

41. Nathan puts 6 cards on each of 8 42. A marching band has 5 rows with

pages in an album. How many cards 9 students in each row. How many

does he put in the album? students are in the marching band?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 5, pages 148149. (118) NS 3.2, 4.1

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Multiply by 7, 8, and 9 R RETEACH

Add to a known fact to Subtract from a known Double a fact to multiply

multiply by 7. fact to multiply by 9. by 8.

You know 6 10 60.

Think: Think: (4 7) (4 7)

35 7 is the same as 7 6. 60 6 is the same as 6 9.

28 28 56

35 7 42 60 6 54

7 6 42 6 9 54 8 7 56

Multiply.

1. 7 5 2. 8 6 3. 9 8

4. 8 8 5. 9 7 6. 7 7

7. 9 9 8. 7 9 9. 8 10

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9 9 7 9 7 8

9 6 8 9 7 8

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 5, pages 148149. (119) NS 3.2, 4.1

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Multiply by 7, 8, and 9 E ENRICH

Multiplication Game

Play with a partner. You will need:

Cut out the game markers. Two sets of number cards. Each set

One player puts the glove on START. contains number cards from 0 through

The other puts the baseball on START. 10. Label one set A and the other set B.

Take turns.

Pick a card from A and a card from B. Find the product of the two numbers.

Have your partner check the product. If the product is correct, move

forward two spaces. If the product is wrong, move back one space.

Go to equipment box.

x nt

Bo me

uip

Woods

Eq

in puddle. over feet.

Go back to Go back

Start. 3 spaces.

Puddle

pa ack ud.

Go e in ped

3s b m

v p

glo Dro

s.

ce

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Field

Markers

Start

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 5, pages 148149. (120) NS 3.2, 4.1

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Skill

Solve. Tell how you chose the operation.

1. Georgia puts coins in an album. There are 8 pages in the album. Each page

has slots for 8 coins. How many coins can Georgia put in the album?

Who has more dolls? How many more does she have?

pack. How many stickers does Ben buy?

buys 19 more stamps. How many stamps does Melanie have now?

James gets 7 more cars. How many model cars does James have in all?

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How many flower stickers does Wendy have left?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 6, pages 150151. (121) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.2

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

Juan buys 6 packs of stickers. Each pack has 4 stickers.

How many stickers does Juan buy in all?

1. Which of the following statements 2. Which of the following can you use

is true? to solve the problem?

A Juan has 4 packs of stickers. F 64

B Juan has 10 stickers. G 64

C Juan has 24 packs of stickers. H 64

D Juan has 24 stickers. J 64

How many silver dollars does Warren have now?

3. What do you have to do to solve 4. How many silver dollars does

this problem? Warren have?

A find how many silver dollars are left F 3 silver dollars

B find the total of 2 unequal groups G 6 silver dollars

of silver dollars H 12 silver dollars

C find the total of 3 equal groups of J 27 silver dollars

silver dollars

D find how many silver dollars there

are when you split 9 into 3 equal

groups

Nadia collects souvenir flags. She puts the flags in her bookcase in 3 rows.

There are 7 flags in each row. How many flags does Nadia have?

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this problem? F 21 flags

A find the total of 2 unequal groups G 10 flags

of flags H 4 flags

B find the total of 2 equal groups J 3 flags

of flags

C find the total of 3 equal groups

of flags

D find how many flags are left

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 6, pages 150151. (122) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.2

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

Selena has 42 movie posters. Her brother has 26 movie posters.

How many movie posters do they have in all?

7. What operation could you use to 8. How many movie posters do Selena

solve this problem? and her brother have in all?

A addition F 16

B subtraction G 26

C multiplication H 68

D division J 78

Solve.

9. Lois sells 10 rock-star posters. She 10. Morris has 16 kites. He buys 4 more

gets $8 for each poster. How much kites. How many kites does Morris

money does Lois receive? have now?

11. Janell has 472 baseball cards. Lou 12. Kevin buys 7 packs of football cards.

has 397 baseball cards. How many There are 4 football cards in each

more baseball cards does Janell have pack. How many football cards does

than Lou? Kevin buy?

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13. Brian displays his trophies in his 14. Barbara puts photos of France in

bedroom. He puts his trophies in a photo album. The photo album

3 rows. There are 6 trophies in can hold 94 photos. Barbara has

each row. How many trophies 78 photos. How many more photos

does Brian have? can she put in the album?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 6, pages 150151. (123) MR 1.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.2

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Multiplication Table and Patterns P PRACTICE

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

0 0

1 0 1 2 4 8

2 2 4 12

3 3 9 21 27 36

4 8 20

5 15 30 40 50 60

6 36 66 72

7 7 77

8 16 32 96

9 54 108

10

11 22 55 88 99 121 132

12 24 84 120 144

1. 9 8 2. 3 12 3. 11 11 4. 4 12

5. 12 6. 12 7. 12 8. 10 9. 11 10. 12

8 12 7 10 7 9

McGraw-Hill School Division

11. What is the pattern of odd and even 12. What is the pattern of odd and even

numbers in the 3 row or 3 column? numbers in the 4 row or 4 column?

Compare. Write , , or .

13. 6 3 33 14. 15 7 27 15. 4 8 25 4

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Multiplication Table and Patterns R RETEACH

9 column meet in the table. The 8 row and the 9 column meet

at 72. So, 8 9 72.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

3 0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36

4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48

5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60

6 0 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 72

7 0 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 70 77 84

8 0 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80 88 96

9 0 9 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 90 99 108

10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120

11 0 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 132

12 0 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144

1. 6 8 2. 8 12 3. 8 4

4. 7 7 5. 10 5 6. 9 11

7. 7 4 8. 3 8 9. 4 9

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12 7 11 8 10 7

12 8 7 12 3 11

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Multiplication Table and Patterns E ENRICH

Twisted Tables

Complete each multiplication table. Fill in the missing factors.

1. 2.

10 15 20 42 14 28

12 18 24 18 6 12

14 21 28 30 10 20

3. 4.

36 42 54 24 12 28 0 8

6 7 9 4 24 56 0 16

12 14 18 8 3 7 0 2

30 35 45 20 9 21 0 6

5. 6.

72 63 42 21

28 24 72 40

27 6 18 9

7 6 2 0

7. 8.

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56 28 15 35

16 18 0 18

16 36 21

24 6 42

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 7, pages 152153. (126) NS 4.1, 4.2; MR 1.1

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Multiply Three Numbers P PRACTICE

Multiply.

1. (2 5) 4 2. 3 (2 8) 3. (4 2) 3

4. 6 (3 2) 5. 4 (4 2) 6. 7 (2 5)

7. (5 2) 4 8. (2 2) 2 9. (9 3) 0

28. 5 4 5 29. ( 8) 7 0

30. (9 3) 27 31. 5 6 5 (3 )

(3 5) 9 5 33. 4 4 2 (2 ) (4 2)

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32.

Problem Solving

34. The school gives each basketball 35. In a baseball game of 9 innings,

player 2 shirts. Each shirt costs $8. each of the 2 teams gets 3 outs

What is the total cost of shirts for per inning. How many outs are there

6 players? in a game?

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Multiply Three Numbers R RETEACH

(5 3) 2 Use the Commutative Property to change the order.

5 (3 2) Use the Associative Property to regroup the numbers.

56 Multiply inside the parentheses first.

Think: 3 twos

5 6 30 Multiply again.

Think: 5 sixes

Multiply.

1. (2 5) 4 2. 3 (4 3) 3. (2 6) 3

5( ) ( )4 6( )

5 4 6

4. 2 (2 3) 5. (2 4) 3 6. (5 2) 3

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7. (7 1) 3 8. (4 8) 1 9. 3 (3 2)

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Multiply Three Numbers E ENRICH

Circle each combination of numbers that has a product of 48. You

can multiply up to four numbers. Look across, up, down, and

diagonally. Can you find all 26 combinations?

4 3 4 2 3 7 8

4 9 2 2 4 6 4

5 2 3 2 4 8 8

6 6 6 7 6 6 3

7 4 9 4 3 4 2

2 2 2 8 3 2 9

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Choose one of these numbers: 24, 36, 64, or 72. Make your own

number search and give it to a friend to solve. Be sure to keep a

copy with the solution!

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Relate Multiplication P PRACTICE

Write a related multiplication fact and complete the

division sentence.

1. 18 9 2. 15 3 3. 16 4

9 18 3 15 4 16

18 9 15 3 16 4

Divide.

4. 6 2 5. 18 2 6. 15 5

7. 8 4 8. 27 3 9. 14 2

7 3 8 6 5

16. 3 21 17. 7 21 18. 2 16 19. 3 18 20. 5 25

9 8 3 6 3

21. 5 45 22. 7 56 23. 8 24 24. 9 54 25. 3 9

7 5 9 4 8

26. 8 56 27. 9 45 28. 9 81 29. 9 36 30. 8 64

9 9 6 9 7

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

36. It takes 4 horses to pull a coach. How 37. Groups of 6 visitors can take tours of

many coaches can 20 horses pull? an old western town. How many

groups can 24 people make?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 9, pages 160161. (130) NS 3.2; MR 1.1

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Relate Multiplication R RETEACH

Find 15 5. Think: How many groups of 5 are in 15?

5 ? 15 5 3 15

There are 3 groups of 5 in 15. So, 15 5 3.

Write a related multiplication fact and complete the division sentence.

1. 18 6 2. 16 8 3. 12 3

6 18 8 16 4 12

18 6 16 8 12 3

4. 20 5 5. 21 7 6. 24 6

20 5 21 7 24 6

7. 30 5 8. 27 9 9. 28 4

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30 5 27 9 28 4

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 9, pages 160161. (131) NS 3.2; MR 1.1

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Relate Multiplication and E ENRICH

Division Facts

Word Puzzle

Use the letters in the table below to complete the word puzzle.

Words have to connect as they do in a crossword puzzle.

Letter Values

A 10 3 ? L 45 5 ?

B 25 5 ? N 49?

D 12 6 ? O 30 3 ?

E 36? S 55?

F 45? T 67?

G 36 4 ? U 42 7 ?

J 10 4 ? Y 54 6 ?

Rules

Use each letter in the table only once.

You cannot move the vowels in the puzzle.

Try to get the highest score you can. To find your score, complete

the multiplication or division to find the value of each letter you

used. For example, if you placed the letter B in the top left square,

you would get 5 for that square (25 5 5). Then add to find

the value of each word. Finally, add the values of all four words.

McGraw-Hill School Division

J O G

E U

T A N

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 9, pages 160161. (132) NS 3.2; MR 1.1

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Problem Solving: Strategy P PRACTICE

Act It Out

Use act it out to solve.

1. The Rare Book Club invites its 2. Len delivers 16 bottles of juice and

25 members to a dinner. Square soda. A small box will hold 6 bottles

tables seat 4 people and round and a large box will hold 8 bottles.

tables seat 5 people. If the club Which box should Len use if he

wants full tables, which tables wants to put an equal number of

should the club use? How many of bottles in each box? How many

these tables will be needed? boxes will he need?

42 shells. She arranges the shells in trophies in a large display case. There

rows of 6. How many rows does are 6 smaller cases. How can the

Courtney make? club arrange the rest of the trophies

so that each smaller case has an

equal number of trophies?

Solve. Use any strategy.

5. Yoki has 20 posters of science-fiction 6. Art For posters, Nancy has a piece

movies. She puts an equal number of of poster paper that is 9 feet by

these posters on each of 4 walls. 2 feet. She cuts 3-foot by 1-foot

How many posters does Yoki put on rectangles from it. How many

each wall? posters does she make?

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Strategy: Strategy:

7. Dinner starts at 6:00 P.M. It will take 8. Create a problem which you could

Robert 45 minutes to get there. On act out to solve. Share it with others.

his way, he wants to stop at the

library for 30 minutes. What time

does Robert need to leave to get to

the dinner on time?

Strategy:

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 10, pages 162163. (133) NS 3.2; MR 1.1

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Act It Out

Page 163, Problem 2

piece of fabric with a starry background. The fabric is 4 feet wide and 3

feet long. How many placemats can she cut from one piece of fabric?

Step 1

Be sure you understand the problem.

Read Read carefully.

What do you know?

The placemats are by .

fabric that is by .

What do you need to find?

You need to find how many

.

Step 2

Make a plan.

Plan Choose a strategy.

Make a Table To solve the problem, you can act it out

or List

using models.

Write a Number

Sentence

Draw a rectangle that represents the

Work Backward

piece of fabric. A rectangle that is 4

Act it Out

McGraw-Hill School Division

Find a Pattern

draw a rectangle that is 4 centimeters

Make a Graph

by 3 centimeters to represent the

Guess and Check

piece of fabric.

Logical Reasoning

Solve a Simpler Make rectangles that represent the

Problem

placemats. Since the placemats are

Draw a Picture

2 feet by 1 foot, cut out rectangles that

are 2 centimeters by 1 centimeter.

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Act It Out

Step 3

Carry out your plan.

Solve

Fill the large rectangle with small rectangles.

Each small rectangle represents .

Meg can cut placemats from the piece of fabric.

Step 4

Is the solution reasonable?

Look Back Reread the problem.

Does your answer make sense? Yes No

Did you answer the question? Yes No

What other stategies could you use to solve the problem?

Practice

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1. Randy wants to cut name tags from 2. Ted has 54 model train cars. He has

a piece of poster paper. The poster large boxes that will each hold 8

paper is 18 inches by 24 inches. Each train cars. He has small boxes that

name tag will be 3 inches by 4 inches. will each hold 6 train cars. Which

How many name tags can Randy cut type of box should Ted use if he

from the piece of poster paper? wants to put an equal number of

cars in each box? How many of

those boxes will he need?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 10, pages 162163. (135) NS 3.2; MR 1.1

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Divide by 2 Through 12 P PRACTICE

Divide.

1. 12 2 2. 24 3 3. 32 4

4. 35 5 5. 54 6 6. 56 7

7. 64 8 8. 81 9 9. 40 8

9 6 6 2 2

19. 2 18 20. 3 18 21. 4 24 22. 7 14 23. 8 16

9 7 7 9 9

24. 7 63 25. 6 42 26. 9 63 27. 5 45 28. 8 72

6 7 8 9 9

29. 12 72 30. 11 77 31. 10 80 32. 11 99 33. 12 108

Algebra & Functions Find the rule. Then complete the table.

34.

Rule:

0 9

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

35.

Rule:

0 7

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0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Problem Solving

36. There are 42 tomato plants in rows of 37. There are 45 tomatoes on 5 tomato

6 plants in each row. How many rows plants. Each tomato plant has the

of tomato plants are there? same number of tomatoes. How

many tomatoes are on each plant?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 11, pages 164167. (136) NS 3.2; MR 1.1, 2.4, 3.2

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Divide by 2 Through 12 R RETEACH

6 ? 48 6 8 48

There are 8 groups of 6 in 48. So, 48 6 8.

Complete the division sentence.

1. 2. 3.

30 5 24 8 16 4

4. 12 2 5. 21 3 6. 20 5

7. 14 7 8. 24 6 9. 16 2

9 9 12

13. 2 18 14. 4 36 15. 3 36

3 6 5

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3 3 3

19. 10 30 20. 11 33 21. 12 36

9 8 8

22. 6 54 23. 5 40 24. 10 80

9 2 9

25. 9 81 26. 12 24 27. 11 99

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Divide by 2 Through 12 E ENRICH

Play this division football game with a partner. Youll need a number

cube and 2 two-color counters to use as game pieces.

Rules

Place your game pieces at the START positions on the 50-yard

line. Each player can only move in the direction of the arrow.

Take turns rolling the number cubes. Add the number cubes to

get a divisor.

If the number in the circle on the next 10-yard line can be evenly

divided by the divisor, move to that circle.

Keep rolling the number cubes until one of you scores a touchdown.

42 TOUCHDOWN!

16

G

28

10

15

20

36

30

12

40

Start

50

Start

24

40

McGraw-Hill School Division

18

30

30

20

54

10

10

G

TOUCHDOWN! 35

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 11, pages 164167. (138) NS 3.2; MR 1.1, 2.4, 3.2

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Fact Families P PRACTICE

1. 4 8 q 2. 9 5 a 3. 8 9 m

8 r 32 5 b 45 8 n 72

32 8 s 45 5 c 72 8 o

32 t 8 45 d 5 72 p 8

4. 5 k 30 5. h 7 56 6. 9 g 72

30 5 k 56 7 h 72 9 g

7. 9 w 54 8. 9 y 63 9. d 8 48

54 9 w 63 9 y 48 8 d

Write a multiplication and division fact family for each group of numbers.

10. 8, 5, 40 11. 3, 9, 27 12. 6, 7, 42 13. 9, 8, 72

McGraw-Hill School Division

18. 4 4 88 99 66

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Fact Families R RETEACH

fact family. Every sentence in a fact family uses the same numbers.

Fact Family Fact Family

3 4 12 5 2 10

4 3 12 2 5 10

12 3 4 10 5 2

12 4 3 10 2 5

1. 2.

3 5 15 9

5

15 5 4

15 [9]

3. 4, 6, 24 4. 3, 7, 21 5. 35, 7, 5 6. 54, 6, 9

McGraw-Hill School Division

7. 5 n 30 8. n 7 56 9. n 8 64 10. 3 n 27

30 5 n 56 7 n 64 8 n 27 3 n

n n n n

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Fact Families E ENRICH

Chain Reaction

Write the missing numbers to complete each chain.

3. 8 6 48 4 12 4 48 6 8

4. 66 11 30 6 9

6 5 5 45

5. 5 12 60 10 69 54 6 9

McGraw-Hill School Division

6.

81 9 93 3 3 9 9 81

7. 45 9 5 9 45 5 9 3 27

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413

Problem Solving: Application Part

A WORKSHEET

Decision

Applying Multiplication and Division Making

Capacity: Number

Number of

Storage Unit of trophies or Total Cost

Units Used

medals per unit

Shelf

Frame

(small or large)

Your Decision

McGraw-Hill School Division

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 13, pages 174175. (142) NS 3.1, 3.3; MR 1.1, 1.2

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413

Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

How many times farther

did the crayon travel on

this ramp than it did on

the 1-book ramp?

Round to the nearest

whole number.

1 book

2 books

3 books

McGraw-Hill School Division

4 books

5 books

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 13, pages 176177. (143) NS 3.4; MR 1.1, 2.3

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413

Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

1. On which ramp did the crayon travel the farthest? On which ramp

did the crayon travel the shortest distance?

traveled for the 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-book ramps than it did for the

1-book ramp. Do your calculations in the table and then list your

answers here. Round to the nearest whole number.

4. If the pattern continues, how far will a crayon travel if released from a

10-book ramp? a 20-book ramp? Explain how you made these estimates.

McGraw-Hill School Division

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 4, Lesson 13, pages 176177. (144) NS 3.4; MR 1.1, 2.3

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Patterns of Multiplication P PRACTICE

Complete.

1. 3 2 a a 2. 5 8 e e

3 b 60 b 5 c 400 f

c 200 600 c g 800 4,000 g

3 2,000 d d 5 8,000 h h

Multiply. Use mental math.

3. 80 4. 70 5. 40 6. 60 7. 90

6 8 5 7 6

5 6 9 4 6

a a c

25. 3 a 900 26. 6 b 3,600 27. c 8 72,000

McGraw-Hill School Division

a b c

Problem Solving

28. Stamps are sold in rolls of 100. How 29. A ream of paper is 500 sheets of

many stamps are in 9 rolls? paper. How many sheets are in

7 reams?

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Patterns of Multiplication R RETEACH

Using basic facts and patterns can help you multiply mentally.

248 2 40 80 2 400 800

1. 3 3 2. 6 3 3. 4 5

3 30 6 30 4 50

3 300 6 300 4 500

3 3,000 6 3,000 4 5,000

4. 70 5. 90 6. 70 7. 60 8. 800

8 4 4 7 9

8 7 8 3 8

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Patterns of Multiplication E ENRICH

History Riddles

Find each missing number. Then find the letter in the table that

matches that number. Solve the riddles. Write the letter in the blank

above the same exercise number.

1. 5 100 2. 60 24,000 3. 7 350

20 30 40 50 80 200 300 400 500 800 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 8,000

E N B A M T S H O I F W U K Y

7. 2. 9. 3.

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Explore Multiplying 2-Digit Numbers P PRACTICE

by1-Digit Numbers

1. Multiply 4 15. Draw squares to multiply.

2. 62 3. 38 4. 91 5. 46 6. 78

2 4 3 5 6

7. 98 8. 76 9. 24 10. 56 11. 48

5 6 9 7 8

6 7 3 4 9

7 8 5 4 7

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

31. Katy arranges oranges in 5 layers in a 32. Band members march in 24 rows.

crate. Each layer has 24 oranges. There are 8 members in each row.

How many oranges does she put in How many members are in the

the crate? band?

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Explore Multiplying 2-Digit Numbers R RETEACH

by 1-Digit Numbers

Find 5 21.

You can draw an array to multiply.

Find the total number of dots.

5 dots 5 21 105

21 dots

1. 4 18 2. 5 24

4 dots 5 dots

18 dots 24 dots

3. 19 4. 24 5. 25 6. 13 7. 12

6 5 8 9 9

3 4 5 7 6

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4 5 3 6 9

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Explore Multiplying 2-Digit Numbers E ENRICH

by1-Digit Numbers

The Abacus

The abacus is a computing tool that is thousands of years old.

To multiply 3 32 H T O Next, multiply H T O

using a Russian 3 tens by 3. Move

abacus, first 9 beads to the

multiply 2 ones by bottom of the tens

3. Move 6 beads to column to show

the bottom of the 3 3 tens 9 tens.

ones column to

Count the beads in

show 3 2 6.

each column.

Use the abacus to find each product. Show the answer by drawing

the beads you moved down. Cross out the beads you moved down

from the top.

1. 4 22 2. 2 34 3. 3 31

H T O H T O H T O

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4. 5 43 5. 4 212 6. 3 304

H T O H T O H T O

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Multiply 2-Digit Numbers P PRACTICE

by 1-Digit Numbers

Multiply.

1. 73 2. 44 3. 31 4. 68 5. 32

3 5 7 8 9

6. 65 7. 33 8. 96 9. 88 10. 74

5 6 3 4 5

4 6 2 8 3

4 7 9 8 6

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

36. A rectangle is 5 tiles wide by 37. Books are stacked in 3 stacks with

13 tiles high. How many tiles are 17 books in each stack. How many

in the rectangle? books are in the stacks?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 5, Lesson 3, pages 196199. (151) NS 3.2, 3.3

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Multiply 2-Digit Numbers by R RETEACH

1-Digit Numbers

You can multiply using models or pencil and paper.

Show 4 groups of 26. this way:

Step 1 26

4

Multiply the ones.

24

4 6 ones 24 ones

26

Step 2 4

Multiply the tens. 24

4 2 tens 8 tens 80

26

Step 3 4

Add. 24

80

104

Complete to find the product. You may use models to help you.

1. 23 2. 44 3. 31 4. 52 5. 45

5 3 8 7 9

McGraw-Hill School Division

6. 45 7. 64 8. 78 9. 86 10. 92

5 6 3 4 5

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Multiply 2-Digit Numbers E ENRICH

by 1-Digit Numbers

Lattice Multiplication

You can use lattice multiplication to multiply. Multiply 7 48.

Write 48 over the top Multiply 7 8. Write Multiply 7 4. Write 28 in

boxes. Write 7 on the 56 in the first box. the second box. Add on the

right. diagonals. Start at the right.

Regroup as you would in

any addition problem.

4 8 4 8 4 8

48

5 2 5

7 7 3 7 7

6 8 6 336

3 6

1. 2 27 2. 5 34 3. 4 56

2 7 3 4 5 6

1 1 2 2 2

2 1 5 2 4

4 4 5 0 0 4

5 4 7 0 2 4

4. 8 37 5. 8 63 6. 7 79

McGraw-Hill School Division

3 7 6 3 7 9

2 5 4 2 4 6

2 8 5 8 5 7

4 6 8 4 9 3

9 6 0 4 5 3

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Estimate Products P PRACTICE

1. 5 21 2. 3 39 3. 7 $46

4. 85 6 5. 17 9 6. 81 3

6 7 2 8 9

24. 255 25. 488 26. 563 27. 2,307 28. 7,596

4 3 5 5 6

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

38. The volunteer ambulance group 39. An ambulance travels about 386

orders 6 first aid kits. Each kit costs miles a day. About how many miles

$39. About how much does it cost does it travel in a week?

for 6 kits?

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Estimate Products R RETEACH

You can round to estimate products. Round the greater factor to its

greatest place and multiply using patterns.

Estimate 8 287.

Round 287 to the 8 287

nearest hundred.

8 300

287

200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300

rounded number 8 300 2,400 So, 8 287 is about 2,400.

1. 2 74 2. 3 42 3. 6 36

4. 6 $58 5. 9 18 6. 3 71

2 3 4 5 6

18. $454 19. 512 20. 498 21. $637 22. 845

7 8 9 4 2

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23. 7,809 24. $6,047 25. 4,524 26. $2,107 27. 8,596

6 3 8 6 4

28. 2,537 29. 5,088 30. $6,409 31. 3,623 32. $7,522

4 2 7 8 9

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Estimate Products E ENRICH

Target Practice

Estimate to find the factors whose product is closer to the target

number. Circle the letter of the answer.

1. Target Number: 150 2. Target Number: 160 3. Target Number: 180

S. 57 3 H. 37 4 D. 3 67

T. 52 3 I. 32 4 E. 3 61

S. 88 6 T. 7 62 O. 76 8

T. 83 6 U. 7 68 A. 72 8

T. 3 879 T. 79 9 E. 9 490

U. 3 849 U. 72 9 F. 9 430

10. Target Number: 3,600 11. Target Number: 5,600 12. Target Number: 6,000

13. Target Number: 6,400 14. Target Number: 7,200 15. Target Number: 2,400

16. Target Number: 25,000 17. Target Number: 32,000 18. Target Number: 35,000

McGraw-Hill School Division

answer the question.

I lift my lamp beside the golden door! Who am I?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Skill

Form a conclusion about whether you would use an overestimate or

an underestimate. Then solve each problem.

1. On Wednesday, a group of 98 students will visit the national forest.

Each student will get a nature guide fact book. These books come

in boxes of 32. The park rangers have 3 boxes of fact books. Are

there enough fact books so each student can get a book?

Should you use an overestimate or an underestimate to solve this

problem? Explain.

Are there enough fact books so each student can get a book?

2. The park charges $16 per day to use a campsite. The Nolans want

to use a campsite for 4 nights. They have $80 set aside for using a

campsite. Have the Nolans set aside enough money?

Should you use an overestimate or an underestimate to solve

this problem? Explain.

3. A total of 184 people are taking a desert hike. Each hiking group

can have up to 36 people. There are enough hike leaders and

helpers to lead 6 groups. Are there enough hike leaders and helpers

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Should you use an overestimate or an underestimate to solve

this problem? Explain.

Are there enough hike leaders and helpers so that all of the

people can go on a hike?

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

There are 146 students going on a trip to the desert. The school has

3 buses. Each bus can hold 48 students. Should a fourth bus be

ordered for the trip?

1. Which statement is true? 2. To make sure that 3 buses are enough

A There are 48 students going on a to hold 148 students, you should

trip to the desert. F underestimate the number of

B Each bus can hold 48 students. students the buses can hold.

C Three buses can hold exactly 150 G overestimate the number of

students. students the buses can hold.

H underestimate the number of

students going on the trip.

Each table seats 6 people. A group of 120 is visiting the forest. Are

there enough tables so that all 120 people can eat in the cafeteria

at once?

3. Which statement is not true? 4. To make sure there are enough tables

A Each table can seat 23 people. to seat 120 people, you should

B The cafeteria has 23 tables. F overestimate the number of seats.

C Each table can seat 6 people. G underestimate the number of

tables.

H overestimate the number of tables.

There are 7 river tours per day. Each river tour has room for

48 people. Each person on the river tour receives a pamphlet.

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The tour leaders have 400 pamphlets. Are there enough pamphlets

for a day of river tours?

5. How would you use estimation to 6. Which estimate would you use to

solve this problem? solve the problem?

A overestimate the number of F 7 40 280

people G 6 50 300

B underestimate the number of H 7 50 350

tours

C underestimate the number of

people

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

The Wildlife Committee is selling books to raise $400. The

committee makes $8.75 on each book it sells. If the committee

sells 50 books, will that be enough to raise $400?

7. How would you use estimation to 8. Which estimate would you use to

solve this problem? solve the problem?

A overestimate the amount made on F $9 x 50 = $450

each book

G $8 x 50 = $400

B underestimate the amount made

H $8 x 40 = $320

on each book

C underestimate the number of

books

Solve.

9. The river tour has 4 boats. Each boat 10. There are 5 groups of 25 students

has room for 24 people. Are there each. The rangers have 150 forest

enough boats to take 76 people T-shirts. Do they have enough T-shirts

on a tour? to give a T-shirt to each student?

11. The forest rangers have 5 boxes of 12. Phyllis takes 118 photos of the

wildlife guides. Each box contains desert. She buys a photo album

36 pamphlets. The rangers need with 24 pages. Each page can hold

200 pamphlets. Should they order 6 photos. Can all the photos fit in

McGraw-Hill School Division

13. The motel in the national park costs 14. It costs $89 to rent a sport utility

$39 per night. Nick sets aside $150 vehicle (SUV) for one day. Will $650

to pay for the motel. Is this enough be enough to rent an SUV for a

money to pay for 5 nights? 7-day trip through the desert?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 5, Lesson 5, pages 202203. (159) MR 1.1, 2.4, 3.2

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Multiply Greater Numbers P PRACTICE

1. 693 2. 907 3. 368 4. $601

4 5 9 3

2 7 8 4

17.

Input 12 15 18 21 24

Output 48 60

18.

Input 1 2 3 4 5

Output 37 74

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

19. Maria made 9 trips between 20. A company buys 8 computers. Each

New York City and Los Angeles. Each computer costs $2,245. How much

trip cost $498. How much did the does the company spend on the

9 trips cost? 8 computers?

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Multiply Greater Numbers R RETEACH

numbers.

Find 2 357.

Show 2 groups of 357. You can record

this way:

Step 1

1

Multiply the ones.

357

2 7 ones 14 ones

Regroup. 2

14 ones 1 ten 4 ones 4

Step 2

Multiply the tens. 11

2 5 tens 10 tens 357

Add the tens. 2

10 tens 1 ten 11 tens 14

Step 3

Multiply the hundreds. 11

2 3 hundreds 6 hundreds 357

Add the hundreds. 2

6 hundreds 1 hundred 7 hundreds 714

1. 234 2. 146 3. 357 4. $4.62

5 3 4 6

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2 7 8 9

4 2 6 5

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Multiply Greater Numbers E ENRICH

Deducing Digits

Find the missing digits. Write them in the boxes.

1. 3 2. 1 3. 4. 3

8 7 3

184 98 174 111

5. 4 6. 3 7. 2 8.

5 7

1 0 138 416 434

9. 1

4 10. 1 4 11. 3 12. 3 1

6 7

744 770 1,666 1,564

3 4 9 3

735 , 64 7, 5 2,400

McGraw-Hill School Division

5 9

$5, 9 7, 56 5 ,06 7 ,184

7 4

31 ,6 5 74,450 $1 3, 32 82,472

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Problem Solving: Strategy P PRACTICE

Find a Pattern

Use find a pattern to solve.

1. Annie makes an arrangement of 2. In one desert area, the rabbit

chestnuts. She puts 3 chestnuts in the population is estimated at 25 in one

first row, 6 chestnuts in the second year, 50 the next year, 100 the third

row, and 9 chestnuts in the third row. year, and 200 the next year. Describe

Describe the pattern. How many the pattern. Then estimate the rabbit

chestnuts will be in the fourth row? population for the fifth year.

3. Rangers examine trees that fell 4. Stan counts robins nests on his

during a storm. The first tree has block. One year he counts 4 nests.

3 annual rings. The second tree has The next year he counts 9 nests. The

9 rings. The third tree has 27 rings. third year Stan counts 14 nests. The

The fourth tree has 81 rings. If the fourth year he counts 19 nests. If the

pattern continues, how many annual pattern continues, how many nests

rings does the fourth tree have? will he count in the fifth year?

Solve. Use any strategy.

5. Nick took 40 photos of the desert. 6. Social Studies Colorados state

He has one photo album with 8 parks cover 347,000 acres.

pages and another with 12 pages. Connecticuts state parks cover

Nick wants to put the same number 176,000 acres. How many more

of photos on each page. Which acres do state parks cover in

McGraw-Hill School Division

Strategy: Strategy:

would find a pattern to solve. Share

it with others.

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Find a Pattern

Page 211, Problem 1

As a plant cell grows, one cell divides into two cells. Two cells divide

into four cells, four into eight, and so on. Describe the pattern. How

many cells will there be after seven divisions?

Step 1

Be sure you understand the problem.

Read Read carefully.

What do you know?

One cell divides into cells, two cells divide into

cells, and four cells divide into cells.

What do you need to find?

You need to find how many

.

Step 2

Make a plan.

Plan Choose a strategy.

Find a Pattern Finding a pattern will help you solve the problem.

Guess and Check

Work Backward Start 1st cell 2nd cell 3rd cell 4th cell 5th cell 6th cell 7th cell

Make a Graph division division division division division division division

Make a Table Number

or List of Cells 1 2 4 8

Write a Number

McGraw-Hill School Division

Sentence

Find the pattern in the number of cells after the 1st, 2nd,

Draw a Picture

and 3rd cell divisions.

Solve a Simpler

Problem

Continue the pattern to find the number of cells after the

Logical Reasoning

7th cell division.

Act it out

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Find a Pattern

Step 3

Carry out your plan.

Solve

You know the number of cells after the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd

cell divisions.

1st cell 2nd cell 3rd cell 4th cell 5th cell 6th cell 7th cell

Start division division division division division division division

Number

of Cells 1 2 4 8

Find the pattern in the number of cells after the 1st, 2nd,

and 3rd cell divisions.

continues, there will be cells after the 7th cell division.

Step 4

Is the solution reasonable?

Look Back Reread the problem.

Did you find a pattern and continue it? Yes No

What other strategies could you use to solve the problem?

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Practice

1. Kate hikes 2 miles the first day, 2. The Support-Our-Forests Fund has

5 miles the second day, and 8 miles goals of $3,000, $6,000, $12,000, and

the third day. If the pattern $24,000 for its first four fund drives. If

continues, how many miles will the pattern continues, what will the

she hike the fourth day? goal be for the fifth fund drive?

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Functions and Graphs P PRACTICE

1. Roger runs 7 miles more each week 2. One plant produces 8 times more

than another boy. peppers than another plant.

x 1 2 3 4 5 r 1 2 3 4 5

y 8 9 s 8 16

3. One number is 4 less than 3 times 4. One number is 8 greater than 2 times

another number. another number.

c 4 5 6 7 8 m 1 2 3 4 5

d 8 11 n 10 12

5. Stella works 4 times as many hours as 6. Liz swims 2 more than 2 times as

Jana does. many laps as Sunny does.

y 4x a 2b 2

x 0 1 2 3 4 b 0 1 2 3 4

y 0 4 a 2 4

7. s 2r 2 8. n 3t 1

r 1 2 3 4 5 t 1 2 3 4 5

s 0 2 n 4 7

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

9. Each of 4 people orders a $8.95 10. Ben buys 3 toys that cost $3 each.

lunch. How much do the 4 lunches How much do the toys cost? Write

cost? Write and solve an equation. and solve an equation.

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Functions and Graphs R RETEACH

One number is 1 greater than 2 times a number.

x 1 2 3 4 5

y 3 5 7 9 11

Think: How can I find the value of y?

x 1 2 3 4 5

Equation 2x 1 2x 1 2x 1 2x 1 2x 1

y 3 5 7 9 11

In each case, multiply by 2 and add 1.

x 1 2 3 4 5

y 3 5 7 9 11

(x, y) (1, 3) (2, 5) (3, 7) (4, 9) (5, 11)

You can graph these ordered pairs

1. One number is 2 greater than 2. One number is 4 times another

another number. number.

Think: Add 2 to x to get y. Think: Multiply x by 4 to get y.

x 1 2 3 4 5 x 1 2 3 4 5

y 3 4 y 4 8

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Complete each table. Write the ordered pairs. Then graph the function.

3.y 2x 4.y 2x 2

x 0 1 2 3 4 x 0 1 2 3 4

y 0 2 y 2 4

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Functions and Graphs E ENRICH

To answer this riddle, find the points on the grid. Then write the

letter for each point on the lines.

(7, 8) (4, 7) (2, 2) (0, 6) (6, 5) (3, 0) (1, 1) (6, 2) (9, 5) (0, 6) (6, 5)

12

11

10

9

H

8

A

7

E

6

S I

5

Y

4

W

3

V R

McGraw-Hill School Division

2

O N

1

T

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

If you are given the points (2, 2) and (6, 2), name two other points

that would make a square.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 5, Lesson 8, pages 212215. (168) AF 1.1, 1.5; SDP 2.1

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59

Problem Solving: Application Part

A WORKSHEET

Decision

Analyze and Make Decisions Making

Item per Units of Item of Meal or

Unit Snack

Breakfast

Items

Lunch

Items

Dinner

Items

Snack

Items

McGraw-Hill School Division

Your Decision

What is your recommendation for the menus (one breakfast, one lunch,

one dinner, and snacks)?

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

Use Water a Day You Use This for Each Use of Water

Source of Water

McGraw-Hill School Division

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 5, Lesson 9, pages 218219. (170) NS 1.2, 3.2; MR 1.1, 3.3

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

water each day? Show your work.

Work Space

3. How much water is being used by your whole class each day?

McGraw-Hill School Division

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 5, Lesson 9, pages 218219. (171) NS 1.2, 3.2; MR 1.1, 3.3

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6-1 Page

Patterns of Multiplication P PRACTICE

Complete.

1. 6 8 s s 2. w 3 21 w

60 t 480 t 70 3 x x

60 80 u u y 30 2,100 y

60 800 v v 70 300 z z

3. 60 70 4. 20 60 5. 80 800

6. 30 200 7. 50 40 8. 400 30

24. 30 j 9,000 j 25. s 70 2,800 s

26. 60 b 24,000 b 27. 400 t 12,000 t

28. 90 q 8,100 q 29. p 600 30,000 p

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

32. ABC Hardware has 50 cartons of 33. Handy Hardware has 500 boxes of

nails. There are 4,000 nails in each hinges. Each box has 90 hinges. How

carton. How many nails does the many hinges does the store have?

store have?

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Patterns of Multiplication R RETEACH

You can use basic facts and patterns to help you multiply.

20 30 600 40 50 2,000

1 zero 1 zero 2 zeros 1 zero 1 zero 2 zeros

20 300 6,000 40 500 20,000

1 zero 2 zeros 3 zeros 1 zero 2 zeros 3 zeros

20 3,000 60,000 40 5,000 200,000

1 zero 3 zeros 4 zeros 1 zero 3 zeros 4 zeros

1. 4 3 2. 7 2

40 30 70 20

40 300 70 200

40 3,000 70 2,000

3. 5 6 4. 8 5

50 60 80 50

50 600 80 500

50 6,000 80 5,000

5. 3 6 6. 30 60 7. 30 600

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8. 4 9 9. 40 90 10. 40 900

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Patterns of Multiplication E ENRICH

Clueless Puzzle

This puzzle has all the answers, but no clues. Each answer is a

product of two factors.

Make up clues for each answer.

3 4

Across Down

1. 80 8,000 1. 70 90,000

McGraw-Hill School Division

2. 2.

3. 3.

4. 4.

5. 5.

6. 6.

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P 62 Page

PRACTICE

by 2-Digit Numbers

Multiply.

1. 36 2. 27 3. 38 4. 23 5. 49

12 41 14 22 13

6. 47 7. 46 8. 17 9. 45 10. 48

34 14 25 35 20

27 15 25 15 34

18 25 46 36 44

40 17 26 27 30

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

38. The art teacher wants to decorate 39. There are 35 buses waiting for

each classroom with 28 balloons. students after school. Each bus carries

How many balloons does he need for 45 students. How many students

18 classrooms? ride the buses?

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Explore Multiplying R RETEACH

by 2-Digit Numbers 19

An array can help you multiply. 2

Find 12 19. Think: 12 10 2

19

12

10

38 2 19

190 10 19

228

38 190 228

Find each product. Draw an array diagram to help you.

1. 14 15 2. 11 19

Multiply.

McGraw-Hill School Division

3. 28 4. 35 5. 42 6. 49 7. 32

14 26 33 27 18

41 17 52 28 27

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Explore Multiplying by 2-Digit Numbers E ENRICH

Napiers Bones

In the seventeenth century, John Napier invented a simple calculator

that multiplied by adding. It became known as Napiers Bones.

Here is a way to use Napiers Bones to multiply 49 37.

Place the strips headed 4 Fold the strips so that Add diagonally to find

and 9 next to each other. the rows headed 3 and 7 the product. Start at

Place the index beside on the index are the bottom with the

the two strips. next to each other. ones. Remember to

carry.

INDEX INDEX INDEX

4 9 1 4 9 1 4 9 1

1 1 2 1 2

8 8 2 2 7 3 2 7 3

1 2 2 6 2 6

2 7 3 8 3 7 8 3 7

1 3

6 6 4

2 4

0 5 5

2 5

4 4 6 37

2 6

8 3 7

3

2

7

2 8 49

3 8

6 1 9

Cut out the ten strips of Napiers Bones below. Use them to find each product.

1. 57 34 2. 61 76 3. 85 29

4. 32 33 5. 94 65 6. 56 48

7. 39 68 8. 75 38 9. 89 21

Napiers Bones

INDEX

McGraw-Hill School Division

1 1 1 1 1

8 6 4 2 0 8 6 4 2

2 2 2 1 1 1

7 4 1 8 5 2 9 6 3

3 3 2 2 2 1 1

6 2 8 4 0 6 2 8 4

4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1

5 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 5

5 4 4 3 3 2 1 1

4 8 2 6 0 4 8 2 6

6 5 4 4 3 2 2 1

3 6 9 2 5 8 1 4 7

7 6 5 4 4 3 2 1

2 4 6 8 0 2 4 6 8

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

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Multiply by Multiples of 10 P PRACTICE

Multiply.

1. 26 2. 47 3. 91 4. 87 5. 23

40 30 20 10 90

80 50 60 50 30

11. 498 12. 1,038 13. 2,226 14. 3,510 15. 5,503

70 40 20 60 50

16. 2,375 17. 4,009 18. 2,490 19. 6,967 20. 9,075

20 40 70 10 80

33. 34 j 680 j 34. q 72 2,160 q

McGraw-Hill School Division

37. 861 b 77,490 b 38. 1,002 n 70,140 n

39. s 2,108 63,240 s 40. 898 c 53,880 c

Problem Solving

41. Classroom chairs cost $39. 42. A computer costs $2,345.

How much will 30 chairs cost? How much will 20 computers cost?

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Multiply by Multiples of 10 R RETEACH

20 (30 7) 37

(20 30) (20 7) 20

6 0 0 1 4 0 740 740

1. 10 28 2. 30 33

10 ( 8) ( 3)

( 20) ( 8) ( ) ( )

3. 80 27 4. 50 64

(20 ) (60 )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

Multiply.

5. 34 6. 27 7. 38 8. 43 9. 18

40 30 40 10 50

McGraw-Hill School Division

80 20 30 10 60

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Multiply by Multiples of 10 E ENRICH

Missing Digits

Find each missing digit.

1. 7 4 2. 8 3. 6 2 4. 3

1 3 0 0 5 0

7 4 0 2, 4 9 0 3, 7 2 0 1, 6 5 0

5. 9 6. 4 6 7. 8 1 8. 4

9 0 0 0 7 0

6, 2 1 0 1, 8 4 0 1, 6 2 0 6, 5 8 0

8 0 0 9 0 0

3 8, 6 4 0 3 5, 0 4 0 8 2, 0 8 0 2 1, 6 3 0

0 6 0 3 0 8 0

1 0, 5 5 0 3 3, 7 8 0 2 0, 1 9 0 6 6, 8 8 0

7 0 4 0 8 0 9 0

5 2, 2 2 0 3 3, 5 6 0 3 8, 2 4 0 5 0, 4 9 0

McGraw-Hill School Division

8 0 2 0 0 7 0

2 5, 1 2 0 1 8, 5 0 0 6 4, 4 4 0 4 7, 2 5 0

8 0 4 0 0 5 0

7 4, 0 0 0 2 1, 7 6 0 5 7, 2 4 0 3 9, 2 0 0

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Skill

Circle the hidden question that can help you solve the problem.

Then solve the problem.

1. A group of travelers rents 5 boats for 8 hours each. Boats cost

$12 an hour to rent. What is the total fee for this rental?

What is the total number of hours that the 5 boats are rented for?

What is the total number of boats that are rented in a day?

Solution:

Each student pays a total of $50 for the classes for the season. How

much money does the swimming instructor receive?

What amount does the instructor charge per hour?

How many students in all does the swimming instructor have?

Solution:

3. Burkes Bluff Beach sells 25 guest passes in one day. Condor Cove

Beach sells 2 times as many guest passes that same day. Estimate

the total number of guest passes that beaches will sell in 3 days.

How many guest passes does Condor Cove Beach sell in 1 day?

How many guest passes will Burkes Bluff Beach sell in 2 days?

Solution:

McGraw-Hill School Division

4. Miguel charges $30 per hour to take people on his boat. Miguel

rents his boat for 3 hours per day for 12 days. How much money

does Miguel receive?

How many hours in all does Miguel rent his boat?

How much would Miguel receive if he rented his boat

12 hours per day?

Solution:

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

Lana and Ken rent 2 sets of scuba equipment for $16 an hour each.

They rent a boat for $24 per hour. They use the boat and the

equipment for 7 hours.

1. Which of the following statements 2. One hidden question you must

is true? solve is:

A Lana and Ken pay $40 per hour F How much do they pay to rent

to rent a boat. 2 sets of scuba equipment for

B Lana and Ken pay $168 to rent 7 hours?

the boat. G How many hours do they use

C Lana and Ken rent the boat and the boat?

equipment for 16 hours. H How much do they pay for the

boat each hour?

On a school trip, 3 buses of students go to Ocean Land. Each bus

has 44 students. Each student spends $10 on admission and a

special show. How much money do the students spend altogether?

3. Which question do you have to answer 4. How much money do the students

before you can solve the problem? spend altogether?

A How many students are in each F $1,320

bus? G $440

B How many hours are the students H $10

at Ocean Land?

C How many students in all visit

Ocean Land?

Olive catches 3 fish in 1 hour. Her sister catches 3 times as many fish.

McGraw-Hill School Division

Estimate the number of fish the girls will catch if they fish for 3 hours.

5. Which of the following statements 6. One hidden question you must

is true? solve is:

A Olive and her sister catch 9 fish. F How many fish did Olive catch

B Olives sister catches 3 fish. in 1 hour?

C Olives sister catches 3 times as G How many fish did Olives sister

many fish as Olive does. catch in 1 hour?

H How many hours have they fished

so far?

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

The Beach Shack rents out 12 umbrellas for 5 hours each. Umbrellas

cost $6 per hour. How much money does The Beach Shack make?

7. Which question do you have to 8. How much money does The Beach

answer before you can solve the Shack make?

problem?

F $30

A How much does it cost to rent

G $72

1 umbrella for 12 hours?

H $360

B How much does it cost to rent

1 umbrella for 5 hours?

C How many umbrellas does The

Beach Shack have?

Solve.

9. The Diving Club offers 4 beginning 10. A fishing guide charges $25 per

diving classes each day. Each class hour. He works 6 hours per day for

has room for 6 people. How many 5 days. How much money does the

people can take classes in 30 days? guide earn?

11. During one week, 5 sailboats are 12. The aquarium charges $12 admission

rented for a total of 16 hours each. and $6 for a tour. A group of 20

The rental cost is $25 per hour. people goes to the aquarium and

Altogether, how much is paid for takes the tour. How much money

these rentals? does the group spend?

McGraw-Hill School Division

13. Amanda rents a canoe and a life 14. Jenny rented a rowboat from

preserver from 2:00 P.M. to 5:00 P.M. 10:45 A.M. to 1:00 P.M. After lunch,

A canoe costs $12 per hour. A life she rented another rowboat from

preserver costs $2 per hour. How 1:45 P.M. to 4:45 P.M. For how many

much does Amanda spend? minutes did she rent the boat?

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Multiply by 2-Digit Numbers P PRACTICE

1. 26 2. 73 3. 44 4. $0.56 5. 29

35 51 87 83 19

6. $46 7. 59 8. 77 9. 55 10. 44

35 47 22 15 46

73 61 58 24 34

30. (60 6) (50 5) c

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

33. A fence has 28 sections with 34. Horses on a ranch eat 28 bales

18 boards in each section. How of hay each day. How many bales

many boards are in the fence? do they eat in 31 days?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 6, Lesson 5, pages 242245. (184) NS 3.2, 3.3

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Multiply by 2-Digit Numbers R RETEACH

You can use a place-value chart to help you multiply 2-digit numbers.

Multiply 47 25.

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

Multiply by the ones. Multiply by the tens. Add the products.

Regroup if necessary.

TH H T O TH H T O TH H T O

2 2

3 3 3

2 5 2 5 2 5

4 7 4 7 4 7

1 7 5 1 7 5 1 7 5

1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0

1 1 7 5

1. 2. 3.

H T O TH H T O TH H T O

1 5 3 2 5 9

4 5 8 7 9 3

5 2 4 7 7

6 0 0 2 5 6 0 5 3 1 0

4. 16 5. $15 6. 23 7. $0.27 8. 38

23 42 39 51 26

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44 29 31 28 53

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Multiply by 2-Digit Numbers E ENRICH

Multiply 11 by a 1-digit number.

1. 2 11 2. 3 11 3. 4 11 4. 5 11

5. 6 11 6. 7 11 7. 8 11 8. 9 11

9. 11 10. 11 11. 11 12. 11

31 32 33 34

53 62 27 18

17. 11 18. 11 19. 11 20. 11

41 22 38 16

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21. 44 11 22. 55 11

23. 64 11 24. 72 11

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Estimate Products P PRACTICE

1. 49 59 2. 55 65

3. 41 52 4. 18 29

5. 98 402 6. 71 874

7. 61 $216 8. 42 605

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Problem Solving

27. The price of a bus ticket is $58. 28. An airline ticket costs $375.

About how much will tickets for a About how much will tickets cost

group of 62 passengers cost? for a group of 25 people?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 6, Lesson 6, pages 246247. (187) NS 3.2, 3.3

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Estimate Products R RETEACH

greatest place. Then multiply using patterns with zeros

Estimate 42 59. Estimate 74 229.

42 40 1 zero 227 200 2 zeros

59 60 1 zero 74 70 1 zero

2,400 2 zeros 14,000 3 zeros

1. 2. 3.

54 $29 788

19 32 51

4. 37 49 5. 23 51

6. 69 19 7. 26 $72

8. 19 315 9. 85 263

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 6, Lesson 6, pages 246247. (188) NS 3.2, 3.3

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Estimate Products E ENRICH

Estimation Maze

Estimate to find your way out of the maze. First, estimate to find

the box in which the answer could be 858. Start in that box. Then,

in order, estimate to find and go through the boxes in which the

answers are:

3,060 7,308 3,822 2,278 16,910 6,123 15,092 33,888 52,416 36,344

78 34 42 57

11 90 19 14

I M P C

26 87 39 67

34 84 98 34

B O U T

24 95 39 77

R H F O

48 48 64 59

W E R E

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Write the letters from the boxes you go through in order. What message do you find?

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Multiply Greater Numbers P PRACTICE

1. 653 2. 908 3. 412 4. 714

27 43 65 36

64 32 98 77

43 25 16 31

75 74 91 72

42 27 31 18

Algebra & Functions Given each set of digits, make the greatest

and least product possible by multiplying by a 2-digit number. Use

each digit one time.

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25. 5, 2, 6, 1 26. 7, 9, 2, 0

Problem Solving

27. A box holds 250 ping pong balls. 28. Pencils are packaged with 144 pencils

How many ping pong balls can be in a box. How many pencils are there

packaged in 85 boxes? in 50 boxes?

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Multiply by Greater Numbers R RETEACH

Multiply 25 3,188.

Estimate: 30 3,000 90,000

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

Multiply by the ones. Multiply by the tens. Add the products.

Regroup if necessary. Regroup if necessary.

Thousands Ones Thousands Ones Thousands Ones

1.

H T O H T O H T O H T O H T O H T O

1 1 1 1

3 4 3 4 3 4

3 1 7 8 3 1 7 8 3 1 7 8

2 5 2 5 2 5

1 5 8 9 0 1 5 8 9 0 1 5 8 9 0

6 3 5 6 0 6 3 5 6 0

7 9 4 5 0

Multiply.

Thousands Ones Thousands Ones Thousands Ones

1. 2. 3.

H T O H T O H T O H T O H T O H T O

2

1 4 5 7 1 2 9 3 2 0 0 6

2 5 1 8 1 3

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18 49 37 66

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Multiply Greater Numbers E ENRICH

Quick Check

Here is a quick way to check the product for 14 1,456.

Step 1

Add the digits in each number.

Add again if the sum has two digits.

1,456 1 4 5 6 16, 167

14 1 4 5

20,384 2 0 3 8 4 17, 178

Step 2 Step 3

Multiply the two numbers you got from Compare the sum you got from adding the

adding the factors. digits in the product for 14 1,456 to the

Then add the digits in the product. sum you got in Step 2.

8 8, so the product 20,384 is correct.

7 3

5 5

35 8

next to any incorrect product. Then find the correct product.

1. 314 2. 815 3. 742 4. 689

57 32 68 24

17,896 26,090 50,456 16,536

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49 71 88 92

26,213 35,216 193,832 314,456

15 37 45 76

65,480 311,984 337,410 707,580

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Problem Solving: Strategy P PRACTICE

Make a Graph

Make a graph for the data in the table. Use data from the graph to

solve problems 1 and 2.

Type of Boat Income from Boat Rentals

Sailboats $1,300

Rowboats $1,100

Paddle boats $800

Canoes $1,000

1. Which type of boat generated the 2. Which type of boat generated the

most income? least income?

3. A beach sells 1,000 passes in 1998; 4. Suppose you make a graph for the

1,200 passes in 1999; and 1,100 passes data in problem 3 in which each

in 2000. Suppose you make a symbol stands for 100 passes.

pictograph in which each symbol stands How many symbols would you

for 200 passes. How many symbols make for each year?

would you make for each year?

Solve. Use any strategy.

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4:30 P.M. He spent 2 hours at the 6. Create a problem for which you

beach. It takes 15 minutes for Elliot would make a graph to solve.

to travel from his home to the Share it with others.

beach. What time did Elliot leave

home to go to the beach?

Strategy:

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Make a Graph

Page 255, Problem 2

Sandcastle Building Contests

Which contest had the

most people? The least? Location Number of People

Port Aransas, TX 1,250

Wenatchee, WA 1,675

Seal Beach, CA 1,775

Atlantic City, NJ 1,525

Malibu, CA 1,375

Step 1

Be sure you understand the problem.

Read Read carefully.

What do you know?

You know how many

.

What do you need to find?

You need to find

.

Step 2

Make a plan.

Plan Choose a strategy.

Find a Pattern A graph can help you compare data quickly.

Guess and Check

McGraw-Hill School Division

Make a Graph

Make a Table or

List

Write a Number

Sentence

Draw a Diagram

Solve a Simpler

Problem

Logical Reasoning

Act it Out

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Make a Graph

Step 3

Carry out your plan. Make a bar graph.

Solve

Sandcastle Building Contest

Port

Aransas,TK

Wenatchee,

WA

Location

Seal Beach,

CA

Atlantic

City, NJ

Malibu, CA

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 1,300 1,400 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800

Number of People

has the most people.

has the least people.

Step 4

Is the solution reasonable?

Look Back Reread the problem.

Does your answer match the data given in

the problem? Yes No

What other kind of graph could you use to compare the data?

McGraw-Hill School Division

Practice

1. The Lakefront Swim Club had 400 2. In which year did the Lakefront Swim

members in 1970, 250 members in Club have the most members? the

1980, 600 members in 1990, and least members?

550 members in 2000. Make a

graph that displays this data.

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Multiply Using Mental Math P PRACTICE

1. 12 30 2. 40 21 3. 34 11

4. 55 18 5. 60 14 6. 70 31

7. 44 22 8. 80 51 9. 90 9

31.

Rule: Multiply by 35.

Input 20 31 42 110 130

Output 700 1,085 1,470 3,850 4,550

32.

Rule: Multiply by 16.

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Output 240 400 1,200 1,600 3,520

Problem Solving

33. Teams of 16 students are helping 34. Students are going on a field trip

clean the park. There are 21 teams. in 20 buses. Each bus carries 35

How many students in all are helping students. How many students are

clean the park? going on the field trip?

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Multiply Using Mental Math R RETEACH

Multiply one factor by a number. Break apart one number and multiply.

Divide another factor by the same number. Then add.

25 16 (25 2) (16 2) 25 16 (25 10) (25 6)

Multiply mentally. Use compatible numbers.

Multiply. Use mental math.

5. 20 45 6. 15 28 7. 11 72

8. 75 20 9. 36 40 10. 50 23

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Multiply Using Mental Math E ENRICH

Circle Race

You will need:

Play with a partner. 10 index cards

Write each of these numbers on an index card:

12 15 18 25 30 35 50 60 200 400

Mix up the cards and then place them facedown between you

and your partner. Draw a card. Write the number in the center

of your circle. Use mental math to multiply each number on the

circle by the number in the center. The first person to complete

the circle with correct answers scores 1 point.

Erase the number in the center. Repeat the activity until all the

cards have been drawn.

The person with the greater number of points wins.

18 33

24 14

16 40

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300 22

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Problem Solving: Application Part

A WORKSHEET

Decision

Applying Multiplication Making

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Your Decision

Which boat or boats will the family rent? How long will they ride? Explain.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 6, Lesson 10, pages 258259. (199) NS 1.2, 3.3; MR 1.1, 2.3

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

How many times does your heart beat each day? Math &

Science

Each minute

Each hour

Each day

Each year

Show how you estimated the number of heart beats in each hour,

each day, and each year.

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Use with Grade 4, Chapter 6, Lesson 10, pages 260261. (200) NS 3.2, 3.3; MR 1.1, 3.3

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

How many times does your heart beat each day? Math &

Science

1. Why would it be difficult to count the number of heart beats in a

day? Explain how math made your job easier.

2. Round the number of beats for a day to the nearest 10,000. Collect

the data for the whole class. What was the range of heartbeats?

3. Make a bar graph to display the data 4. Martys heart beats 70 times each

from the class. minute. Tamaras heart beats 60

times each minute. How many more

times does Martys heart beat each

day? Show your work.

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number of times your heart beats

each day.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 6, Lesson 10, pages 260261. (201) NS 3.2, 3.3; MR 1.1, 3.3

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Division Patterns P PRACTICE

Complete.

1. 48 6 2. 35 5 3. 16 4

480 6 350 5 160 4

4,800 6 3,500 5 1,600 4

Divide.

206 R2 50 $70 80

4. 3 620 5. 5 250 6. 6 $420 7. 7 560

80 $90 60 70

8. 2 160 9. 3 $270 10. 4 240 11. 8 560

12. 9 7,200 13. 5 3,500 14. 4 2,800 15. 6 $4,200

16. 7 $4,200 17. 9 3,600 18. 3 1,800 19. 2 8,000

32. 200 50 33. 450 5 34. 630 90

35. 6 40 36. 200 40 37. 8 80

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Problem Solving

41. There are 150 students in 3 buses. Each 42. A pet shop has 160 fish in

bus carries the same number of students. aquariums. Each aquarium has

How many students are on each bus? 40 fish. How many aquariums

of fish are there?

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Division Patterns R RETEACH

You can divide mentally by using basic division facts and looking for

a pattern.

Think: Think:

The basic fact is 12 3 4. The basic fact is 40 8 5.

12 3 4 no zeros 40 8 5 no extra zeros

120 3 40 1 zero 400 8 50 1 extra zero

1,200 3 400 2 zeros 4,000 8 500 2 extra zeros

Complete.

1. 15 3 2. 20 5

150 3 200 5

1,500 3 2,000 5

3. 32 4 4. 30 6

320 4 300 6

3,200 4 3,000 6

5. 35 5 6. 45 9

350 5 450 9

3,500 5 4,500 9

7. 48 8 8. 64 8

McGraw-Hill School Division

480 8 640 8

4,800 8 6,400 8

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Division Patterns E ENRICH

Geography Riddles

Find each missing number. Solve the riddles by placing the letter

from each exercise in the blank above the matching answer number.

1. 140 7 M 2. 9 40 U

3. 4,200 700 O 4. 2 800 A

5. 3,500 700 H 6. 4 30 N

7. 3 700 E 8. 320 80 A

9. 2,800 400 S 10. 9 90 R

11. 5,600 700 S 12. 240 80 I

13. 5,400 600 L 14. 2,700 3 E

15. 720 9 I 16. 800 400 R

17. 150 3 M 18. 7 60 E

19. 120 2 S 20. 8 400 I

21. 5 800 C 22. 810 9 N

20 4 3 120 420

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2 6 50 900

810 360 60 7 3,2001,600 90 8

4,000 5 80 9 2,100

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Explore Division P PRACTICE

1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

3 R2 3 R5 9 R1 3 R6

7. 6 20 8. 8 29 9. 4 37 10. 9 33

12 R3 13 R1 13 11 R6

11. 4 51 12. 5 66 13. 6 78 14. 7 83

16 R3 14 27 R1 49 R1

15. 6 99 16. 7 98 17. 2 55 18. 2 99

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

28. Books are packed in boxes of 9. 29. Ping pong balls are packed in boxes

If 67 books are packed, how many of 6. If 59 ping pong balls are packed,

full boxes will there be? How many how many full boxes will there be?

books will be left over? How many ping pong balls will be

left over?

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Explore Division R RETEACH

Divide 86 3.

groups. Regroup the 2

tens that are left as 20

ones. You can divide the

26 ones into 3 groups of

8 with 2 left over.

into 3 groups of 28 with

2 left over.

So, 86 3 28 R2.

1. 2.

58 4 37 2

3. 4.

McGraw-Hill School Division

49 4 68 3

Divide.

5. 43 2 6. 25 2 7. 42 4

8. 82 5 9. 48 4 10. 78 9

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Explore Division E ENRICH

Remainder Rules

You can use divisibility rules to find out if a number will have a remainder.

Divisibility Rules

A number is divisible by:

2 if the ones digit is 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8. 6 if it is divisible by both 2 and 3.

3 if the sum of its digits is divisible by 3. 9 if the sum of its digits is divisible by 9.

5 if the ones digit is 0 or 5. 10 if the ones digit is 0.

How do you know?

How do you know?

McGraw-Hill School Division

1-digit numbers: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.

Which divisions will have remainders?

Which divisions will not have remainders?

Prove your answers.

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Divide 3-Digit Numbers P PRACTICE

1. 2 698 2. 5 $675 3. 3 391 4. 7 785

5. 5 557 6. 8 231 7. 4 $2.68 8. 8 995

99 R2 $1.12 311 R2 91 R2

9. 4 398 10. 6 $6.72 11. 3 935 12. 5 457

13. 7 903 14. 2 723 15. 7 836 16. 8 745

17. 9 999 18. 6 377 19. 8 $296 20. 7 779

30. 1,065 n 213 31. c 4 168 32. 690 m 345

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

39. Morgan is planting 906 pine seedlings 40. The school bought 2,880 tickets to

in rows. She plants 8 pine seedlings in the circus. The tickets will be divided

each row. How many rows are there? equally among 9 classes. How many

How many seedlings are left? tickets will each class get?

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Divide 3-Digit Numbers R RETEACH

Divide 8 425 .

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

Divide the hundreds. Divide the tens. Divide the ones.

Think: 4 8. Bring down the tens. Bring down the ones.

There arent enough Divide the tens. Divide the ones.

hundreds.

5 53 R1

8 425 8 425 8 425

40 Multiply: 8 5 40 40

2 Subtract: 42 40 2 25

24 Multiply: 8 3 24

1 Subtract: 25 24 1

The remainder is 1.

Check your answer: 53 8 1 425

Complete.

1. 2. 3.

2 2 8 1 4 3 R 2 8 9 R 1

36 8 4 57 1 7 76 2 4

6 5 5 6

8 2 1 6 4

6 2 0 6 3

2 4 1 7 1

2 4 1 5

0 2

Find each quotient.

143 R1 69 R4 152 R4 41 R6

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8. 3 745 9. 7 973 10. 9 854 11. 3 866

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Divide 3-Digit Numbers E ENRICH

Short Division

Short division is a quick way to divide. Here is how it works.

Divide 6 892 .

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

Divide the hundreds. Divide the tens. Divide the ones.

Multiply and subtract Multiply and subtract Multiply and subtract

mentally. Write the mentally. Write the mentally. Write the

difference in front of the difference in front of the remainder as part of the

digit in the tens place. digit in the ones place. quotient.

1 14 1 4 8 R4

6 8292 Think: 6 1 6 6 82952 Think: 6 4 24 6 82952 Think: 6 8 48

862 29 24 5 52 48 4

Divide 8 653 .

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

Divide the hundreds. Divide the tens. Divide the ones.

8 8 1R5

8 653 Think: 8 1 8, not 8 6513 Think: 8 8 64, 8 6513 Think: 8 1 8,

enough hundreds. 65 64 1. 13 8 5.

171 253 R2 155 R3

1. 2 342 2. 3 761 3. 4 623

4. 5 823 5. 6 942 6. 7 918

McGraw-Hill School Division

111 R6 96 R3 73 R5

7. 8 894 8. 9 867 9. 6 443

72 52 R1 61 R4

10. 6 432 11. 7 365 12. 7 431

65 R2 69 R3 61 R4

13. 5 327 14. 9 624 15. 8 492

118 95 R7 131 R5

16. 8 944 17. 9 862 18. 6 791

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Zeros in the Quotient P PRACTICE

1. 206 R2 2. 209 R1 3. 10 R2 4. 209 R3

3 620 2 419 9 92 4 839

5. 6. 7. 8.

$105 $1.07 $1.09 102

6 $630 8 $8.56 7 $7.63 9 918

9. 10. 11. 12.

109 R4 106 R6 101 R4 409 R1

5 549 7 748 8 812 2 819

13. 14. 15. 16.

103 R2 10 R8 70 R1 206 R3

6 620 9 98 3 211 4 827

17. 18. 19. 20.

108 R4 106 R7 109 R3 305 R2

5 544 8 855 6 657 3 917

21. 490 R1 22.

208 R3 23.

103 R6 24.

50 R6

2 981 4 835 7 727 8 406

34. 992 3 35. 920 9

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

40. Jenna earns $636 in 6 months by 41. A family of 4 spent $824 during their

babysitting. If divided evenly, how vacation. If divided evenly, how much

much is that a month? is that per person?

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Zeros in the Quotient R RETEACH

Divide the hundreds. Divide the tens. Divide the ones.

Think: 3 2 600 Bring down the tens. Bring down the ones.

The first digit is in There are not enough Divide the ones.

the hundreds place. tens to divide. Trade 2

tens for 20 ones.

2 20 209 R2

3 629 Multiply: 3 2 6 3 629 There are not enough 3 629

6 Subtract: 6 6 0 6 tens to divide. Write 6

0 Compare: 0 6 02 a 0 in the quotient. 029

Compare: 0 4 27 Multiply: 3 9 27

2 Subtract: 29 27 2

Complete.

1. 2. 3.

3 0 8 R 2 1 0 7 2 0 R 3

39 2 6 66 4 2 71 4 3

9 6 1 4

2 6 4 2 3

2 4 4 2

2 0

Divide.

4. 4 $816 5. 4 438 6. 3 316 7. 7 765

McGraw-Hill School Division

8. 2 615 9. 2 361 10. 3 628 11. 3 $210

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Zeros in the Quotient E ENRICH

Pick a Winner

Pick divisors from the list below to create 20 division exercises.

Then complete the exercises. If you have a zero in the quotient,

give yourself 2 points. If you do not have a zero in the quotient,

give yourself 1 point.

Divisors: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

1. 2 604 2. 2 781 3. 8 852 4. 5 509 5. 6 619

6. 7 775 7. 4 423 8. 1 170 9. 8 875 10. 9 1,815

90 R3 120 R5 70 R1 160 R1 50 R4

11. 4 363 12. 6 725 13. 3 211 14. 2 321 15. 7 354

16. 5 104 17. 5 545 18. 8 323 19. 3 906 20. 2 806

21. Think about dividing a 3-digit number by a 1-digit number.

McGraw-Hill School Division

When will you get a quotient with a zero in the tens place?

Give an example.

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Skill

Circle the correct word(s) or number(s) to make each statement true.

1. The Art Club sells T-shirts for $8. Ms. Demming has $92.

1

Ms. Demming can buy 11 11 2 12 T-shirts.

If Ms. Demming buys the greatest possible number of

T-shirts, she will have $ 0 $4 $8 left.

Explain your thinking:

2. There are 124 people at the Howard School Sports Dinner. They sit

at tables that have 8 seats each.

The school needs 15 16 tables.

There are 7 7 or 8 people at each table.

Explain your thinking:

3. Manny and two friends are paid $100 for setting up a new computer

in the schools math lab. They each do the same amount of work.

Manny earns more than the same as his friends.

Each friend earns more than less than $30.

Explain your thinking:

McGraw-Hill School Division

4. There are 75 students going to the art museum. They will ride in

vans that can hold 6 students.

There will be 12 13 vans.

There are 5 5 or 6 students in each van.

Explain your thinking:

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

There are 94 people who volunteer to clean the park. They will form as

many groups of 4 as possible. How many groups of 4 can they make?

1. Which of the following statements 2. How do you interpret the remainder

is true? to solve this problem?

A They will make 4 groups. F Use only the quotient.

B Everyone can be in a group of 4. G Use only the remainder

C There are 94 volunteers. H Add 1 to the quotient.

baseballs come in boxes of 6. How many boxes will the league need?

3. How do you interpret the remainder 4. How many boxes will the

to solve this problem? league need?

A Use only the quotient. F 41 boxes

B Use only the remainder. G 42 boxes

C Add 1 to the quotient. H 43 boxes

The Computer Club has $80 to buy disks. A box of disks costs $7. There

is no sales tax. How many boxes of disks can the club buy?

5. Which of the following statements 6. How do you interpret the remainder

is false? to solve this problem?

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B All of the money will be spent. G Use only the quotient.

C The computer club has $80 to buy H Use only the remainder.

disks.

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

The Art Club makes $4 on each T-shirt it sells. How many shirts does the

club need to sell to raise $75?

7. How do you interpret the remainder 8. How many shirts does the club need

to solve this problem? to sell to raise $75?

A Add 1 to the quotient. F 3 shirts

B Use only the quotient. G 18 shirts

C Use only the remainder. H 19 shirts

Solve.

9. There are 72 students in the Hockey 10. The Hockey Club buys 128 ounces of

Club. How many teams of 5 can juice. How many 7-ounce cups can

they make? they pour?

11. Paint sets cost $6. The Art Club has 12. There are 132 students at a meeting.

$93. If the club buys as many paint The seats are arranged in rows of 8.

sets as it can, how much money will How many rows of seats are needed?

be left over?

13. There are 64 members in the Science 14. There are 83 students. They will sit in

Club. They travel to the science fair rows of 6 seats each. They will start

in cars that can hold 5 members at the front row and fill as many

McGraw-Hill School Division

each. How many cars are needed? rows as they can. How many

students will be in the last row?

15. Each song played by a DJ is 16. The DJs assistant distributes neon

4 minutes long. How many songs sunglasses to 50 people at a party.

does he play in a music set that is There are 6 glasses in a box. How

30 minutes long? many boxes should she open?

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Estimate Quotients P PRACTICE

1. 20 2. 20 3. 90 4. 70

2 43 4 71 6 521 7 501

5. 50 6.

40 7. 70 8. 30

3 159 4 171 2 131 9 286

8 650 5 209 9 831 7 2,011

6 3,124 4 3,105

3 5,896 9 46,999

17. 65 3 18. 98 5 19. 22 3

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Problem Solving

35. Marta travels a total of 850 miles every 36. Jeff went on a bike trip of

month to San Francisco for business. If 173 miles to Austin. It took him

she goes 3 times a month, about how 9 days. About how many miles

many miles is each round trip? did he travel each day?

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Estimate Quotients R RETEACH

You can use compatible numbers to estimate quotients.

Estimate 351 4. Estimate 435 7.

Think: What basic division fact is Think: What basic division fact is

close to 35 4? close to 43 7?

36 4 9 42 7 6

360 4 90 420 7 60

So, 351 4 is about 90. So, 435 7 is about 60.

Complete.

1. Estimate 430 9. 2. Estimate 279 3.

Division fact: 45 9 Division fact: 27 3

Estimate: 450 9 Estimate: 270 3

3. Estimate 299 5 4. Estimate 319 4.

Division fact: Division fact:

Estimate: Estimate:

5. Estimate 562 6. 6. Estimate 631 8.

Division fact: Division fact:

Estimate: Estimate:

compatible number. Then complete the division.

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Estimate Quotients E ENRICH

Rewrite each exercise using compatible numbers.

Write the estimated quotient.

1. 60 2. 200 3. 80

7 428 420 3 605 600 4 316 320

4. 900 5. 1,000 6. 500

9 8,140 8,100 5 5,165 5,000 8 3,999 4,000

7. 600 8. 100 9. 20

6 3,546 3,600 2 196 200 4 85 80

10. 10 11. 90 12.

1,100

9 98 90 8 725 720 5 5,620 5,500

13. Write the estimated quotient beside each exercise number

below. The first one is done for you. Then cross out the

letters above quotients with two digits. Circle the letters

above quotients with three or more digits.

H I A D N N

11. 90 9. 5. 10. 2. 4.

T M O B P A

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6. 8. 7. 1. 3. 12.

14. Rearrange the circled letters to spell the name of the Treasure State.

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Divide 4-Digit Numbers P PRACTICE

1. 2. 3. 4.

1,487 $4,028 1,306 R3 2,027 R2

5 7,435 2 $8,056 4 5,227 3 6,083

5. 6. 7. 8.

303 431 901 R5 $811

7 2,121 8 3,448 6 5,411 9 $7,299

Compare. Write or .

20. 1,6442 1,9323 21. 2,814 7 2,4186 22. 4,9497 3,598 4

Problem Solving

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23. The mountain bike club wants to 24. The Lets Grow club makes and sells

raise $4,464 for 9 new bicycles. If hot sauce. The club grows 1,083

each bicycle costs the same amount, peppers. Each jar of hot sauce

how much does each bicycle cost? contains 3 peppers. How many jars

can the club make?

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Divide 4-Digit Numbers R RETEACH

where to place the first digit in the quotient.

You can see the

Divide 3,154 6. quotient will have

3 digits.

divide 3 by 6. Divide 31 by 6. 6 3,154

Write 5 in the quotient

above the 1.

Complete.

1. 2. 3.

5 1 6 R 1 1 9 1 3 R 1 4 7 8 1 R 1

3 1, 5 4 9 4 7, 6 5 3 2 9, 5 6 3

1 5 4 8

4 3 6 1 5

3 3 6 1 4

1 9 0 5 1 6

1 8 4 1 6

1 1 3 0 3

1 2

2

1 1

Divide.

4. 5. 6. 7.

694 R2 712 R2 $656 457 R2

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8. 9. 10. 11.

1,159 R3 1,009 R1 2,558 R1 1,090 R8

8 9,275 6 6,055 2 5,117 9 9,818

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Divide 4-Digit Numbers E ENRICH

Play with a partner. Take turns.

Place your marker on START. Solve one of the exercises below. Then

move your marker the same number of spaces as the remainder.

The winner is the first player to reach END.

6 1,219 8 6,947 5 5,829 7 4,574

4 3,863 8 2,287 9 7,774 4 4,339

6 5,804 6 3,641 7 6,895 5 2,259

4 2,697 6 7,337 4 3,619 9 8,293

5 1,748 3 2,632 8 5,674 6 3,995

7 9,640 5 5,757 5 3,038 4 1,723

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T D

AR EN

ST

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Divide 5-Digit Numbers P PRACTICE

1. 2. 3. 4.

13,168 19,208 26,994 $15,064

5 65,840 4 76,832 2 53,988 6 $90,384

5. 6. 7. 8.

4,220 R7 6,447 R2 $6,475 3,056 R1

8 33,767 7 45,131 3 $19,425 9 27,505

7,073 R1 5,333 4,615 R4 9,316 R1

2 14,147 6 31,998 5 23,079 7 65,213

19. $26,480 n $5,296 20. 71,910 v 7,990 21. 44,356 r 11,089

Problem Solving

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22. The King School held Junior Olympic 23. The King School raised $75,288 by

games in its sports stadium for selling Junior Olympic banners. Each

3 days. Each day, every seat in the banner cost $6. How many banners

stadium was full. A total of 17,748 did the school sell?

people sat in the stadium. How

many seats does the stadium have?

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Divide 5-Digit Numbers R RETEACH

Divide 19,834 4.

divide 1 by 4. Divide 19 by 4.

Write 4 in the quotient

above the 9. The quotient will have 4 digits.

4 19,834

16

38

36

23

20

34

32

2

Divide.

1. 2. 3. 4.

5 68,084 3 94,391 4 52,273 2 $26,856

5. 6. 7. 8.

7 23,042 6 44,738 5 31,619 9 82,445

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Divide 5-Digit Numbers E ENRICH

Crossnumber Puzzle

Divide to complete the crossnumber puzzle.

Then create and solve your own Across and Down clues.

Across Down

1. 37,351 6 1. 43,393 7

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.

61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70.

71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80.

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81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90.

91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100.

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Find the Better Buy P PRACTICE

1. 2 ounces for $6.80 2. 3 gallons for $59.91

Better buy: Better buy:

Better buy: Better buy:

Better buy: Better buy:

Better buy: Better buy:

Solve. Use the ad to answer exercises 912.

bag of wild bird seed? Sa

Wild le on

Bird

Seed

2-pou !

nd ba

10. What is the unit price for a 5-pound g

$3.96 for

bag of wild bird seed?

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5-pou

nd ba

g for

$9.4

5

11. What is the unit price of a 9-pound bag 9-pou

nd ba

of wild bird seed? g for

$15.7

5

buy?

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Find the Better Buy R RETEACH

better buy by comparing the unit price of each size.

an 8-ounce jar of pickles for $2.80.

Step 1 Step 2

Find the unit prices. Compare the unit prices.

Divide the price by the number of ounces. $0.32 $0.35

$0.32 $0.35 Think: Write the

6 $1.92 8 $2.80 pickles is the better buy.

18 24 dollar sign and the

12 40 decimal point

12 40 in the quotient.

0 0

1.

3 gallons of paint 5 gallons of paint

for $43.62 for $75.00

Better buy:

Better buy: Better buy:

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Better buy: Better buy:

Better buy: Better buy:

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Find the Better Buy E ENRICH

Two grocery stores, the Food Barn and Best Foods, are across the street

from each other. The Food Barn placed the ad below in the newspaper.

Greek olives Cheddar cheese Six-pack of

$2.60 for a $34.75 for a cranberry juice

O lives 4-ounce jar

ice

ice

5-pound wheel boxes $4.74

Ju

Ju

$0.65/ounce $6.95/pound $0.79/box

Dog pasta $3.15

Food $10.88 for a T UNA of tuna

a

st

pa

8-pound bag T UNA $4.86 for 9 inches

$1.36/pound T UNA $1.62/can $0.35/inch

Best Foods says its prices are lower than the Food Barns prices. Find

the unit price for each item in the Food Barn ad. Then create an ad

for Best Foods. Use the same items, but different amounts; for

example, a 7-ounce jar of Greek olives.

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Greek olives: oz

Tuna: cans

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Problem Solving: Strategy P PRACTICE

Use the guess-and-check strategy to solve.

1. Teri is putting 57 dolls in a display 2. A group of friends choose cards

case. She puts the same number on equally from a deck of 52 cards.

each shelf and has 3 dolls left. The There are more than 6 friends. After

case has more than 7 shelves. How they have chosen, 4 cards are left.

many shelves does the case have? How many friends are there? How

How many dolls does each shelf hold? many cards does each friend have?

in packs of 5 or 8. How many of auditorium. There are twice as many

each kind of pack does Jamal buy? girls as boys. How many girls are

there? How many boys are there?

Solve. Use any strategy.

5. Warren is making a display. He puts 6. Social Studies Each of the 50

1 photo in the first row, 4 photos in states in the United States has a

the second row, 7 in the third row, state flag. Evelyn wants to make a

and 10 in the fourth row. If the drawing of each state flag. She has

pattern continues, how many photos 3 more flags to draw. How many

will Warren put in the fifth row? flags has Evelyn drawn?

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Strategy: Strategy:

7. Sally wants to arrive 20 minutes early 8. Create a problem which can be

for her job. She starts work at 4:15 P.M. solved by using the guess-and-check

It will take her about 20 minutes to strategy. Share it with others.

walk from school to the job. When

should Sally leave?

Strategy:

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Page 301, Problem 2

wants to have 2 inches more of red sand than blue sand. How

many inches of sand will she pour?

Step 1

Be sure you understand the problem.

Read Read carefully.

What do you know?

A bottle holds inches of sand.

There will be of red sand than

blue sand.

What do you need to find?

You need to find how many

.

Step 2

Make a plan.

Plan Choose a strategy.

Find a Pattern List the information you know.

Work Backward

Use Logical Use what you know to make a guess.

Reasoning

Guess how many inches of each color sand can be used to

McGraw-Hill School Division

Write a Number

Sentence make a total of 8 inches.

Make a Table Check your guess.

or List

Revise the guess and try again if it is wrong.

Guess and Check

Make a Graph Guess, check, and revise until you find the answer that

Solve a Simpler makes sense.

Problem

Draw a Diagram

Act it Out

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Step 3

Carry out your plan.

Solve

You know that the bottle holds inches of sand.

You know that Jenny wants to have more

inches of sand than sand.

Guess Start with two numbers that have a sum of 8. Try 6 and 2.

Check 6 + 2 = 8

inches of red sand, inches of blue sand

There are more inches of red sand.

Does that answer fit the problem?

Revise 5 + 3 = 8

inches of red sand, inches of blue sand

There are more inches of red sand.

Does that answer fit the problem?

Step 4

Is the solution reasonable?

Look Back Reread the problem.

Does your answer make all of the statements true?

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Practice

1. A group of friends share 30 stickers 2. Erica bought 9 pens. Each pen costs

equally, with 3 stickers left over. either $2 or $3. If the total cost was

There are more than 5 friends. How $23, how many $2 and $3 pens did

many friends are there? How many Erica buy?

stickers does each friend get?

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Explore Finding the Mean P PRACTICE

Redraw the cubes so that the rows are all the same length.

1. 4, 9, 5 2. 7, 6, 3, 4 3. 5, 6, 4, 3, 2

4. 2, 2, 9, 9, 8 5. 15, 0, 6 6. 1, 9, 12, 5, 3

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

19. The students in Homeroom 101 20. Alison played in a basketball

collected soup labels this week. tournament this week. She scored

The number of labels brought in to the following numbers of points

class each day were 8, 6, 10, 6, and in 5 games: 20, 17, 12, 8, and 18.

5. What was the mean number of What was her average point total?

labels brought in each day?

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Explore Finding the Mean R RETEACH

finding the sum of the numbers and then

dividing the sum by the number of addends.

and 6 using connecting cubes.

You should have 16 cubes connected together.

You should have 4 cubes in each group.

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1. 5, 6, 8, 1 2. 4, 8, 5, 7 3. 12, 10, 2

4. 2, 9, 3, 5, 6 5. 11, 5, 2, 2, 10 6. 5, 5, 3, 3, 9

7. 7, 6, 3, 4 8. 7, 8, 2, 4, 3, 6 9. 10, 15, 5

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Explore Finding the Mean E ENRICH

In Los Angeles, California, from 1961 to 1990, the average,

or mean, high temperature in January was 68 Fahrenheit.

1. Imagine that the average high temperature for the month below is 68F.

Complete the calendar by writing different temperatures for the days.

When you add the temperatures and divide by 31, you should have an

average temperature of 68F.

January

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

70

8 9 10 11 12 13 14

73

15 16 17 18 19 20 21

63

22 23 24 25 26 27 28

29 30 31

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68

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Find the Mean P PRACTICE

1. 8, 4, 6, 7, 5 2. 11, 18, 13, 14

violin this week: 30, 40, 20, 40, 20. 125, 85, 115, 100, 85, 90

9. Number of rolls of film used each day 10. Number of gallons of gas used

to take class pictures: 6, 4, 8, 3, 2, 1, 4 each day: 8, 6, 9, 11, 11, 9

11. Number of miles Dorothy ran each 12. Number of miles a pilot flew each

day: 6, 8, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12 day: 980, 760, 590, 910, 630

13. Number of books Emily read each 14. Height of six boys in inches: 60, 54,

month: 2, 3, 5, 6, 1, 1. 62, 64, 66, 60

each shelf: 60, 80, 120, 40, 70, campers each week: 24, 14, 18, 26, 13

80, 90, 140

McGraw-Hill School Division

Problem Solving

17. Kathy trades baseball cards. 18. From Thursday through Sunday, Pizza

She traded 42, 38, and 40 cards Guy sold 97, 116, 208, and 151

the last three Saturdays. What is pizzas. What is the average number

the mean number of cards she of pizzas sold each day?

trades on a Saturday?

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Find the Mean R RETEACH

You can use connecting cubes to help you record the steps for finding a mean.

Find the mean of 7, 6, 3, and 4.

Using Connecting Cubes Using Pencil and Paper

Step 1 Step 1

Build each number with connecting cubes. Add the numbers.

7

6

3

4

20

Connect the cubes into one long row. You

should have 20 cubes connected together. Step 2

Divide the sum by the number of addends.

5

4 20

Step 2

Divide the cubes into 4 equal groups. So, the mean of 7, 6, 3, and 4 is 5.

You should have 5 cubes in each group.

Find the mean.

1. 4, 5, 7, 4, 5 2. 12, 10, 2 3. 16, 13, 12, 15

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4. 21, 15, 12, 12, 20 5. 3, 14, 12, 11 6. 16, 15, 19, 13, 27

7. Weight of five dogs in pounds: 42, 8. Number of miles Lance bicycled each

35, 21, 38, 54 day: 74, 69, 80, 57

9. Number of hawks the ranger saw 10. Number of cars that used the parking

each day: 19, 7, 22, 8, 9, 13, 13 garage each day: 563, 709, 661,

842, 805

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Find the Mean E ENRICH

Missing Pins

The computer at the bowling alley is down, so teams have to keep track

of their scores on cards. The scorecards below show the scores for the

first five frames, or rounds. A cat with muddy paws ran across the cards.

Complete the scorecards by writing the correct numbers in the paw

prints. Then fill in the teams total score and mean score.

Team A

Jason Deanna Serena eric

12 21 6 6

4

22

13 5 9

19

10 18 4 30

7 16 Total: 15

8 5 10

Total: 50 Total:

45 Total:

Mean: 65 Mean: 80

10 Mean: 13 9 Mean: 16

Team B

Steven Annie Chris Lindsey

12 5 16 20

13 12 18

9 11

10 12

17

16

9 18

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Total: 10 15

10 12 15

60 Total: 50 Total: Total:

Mean: Mean: 65 85

12 10 Mean: 13 Mean: 17

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Problem Solving: Application Part

A WORKSHEET

Decision

Applying Division Making

Bus

Train

Car

Your Decision

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What is your recommendation for the club? Should they take a bus, train,

or car to the aquarium? Explain.

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

Safety: Wear goggles to protect your eyes and work away from

other people.

Distance Traveled

Object 1 2 3 4 5 Mean

Paper Clip

Eraser

each object.

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

2. Which object traveled farther? How do you know?

traveled than the other. Show your work.

Work Space

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Division Patterns P PRACTICE

Complete.

1. 36 9 n 2. 64 8 s 3. 18 b 6

360 90 n 640 80 s b 30 6

3,600 90 n 6,400 80 s 1,800 30 b

36,000 90 n 64,000 80 s 18,000 30 b

360,000 90 n 640,000 80 s 180,000 30 b

4. 5. 6. 7.

2 70 500 7,000

60 120 40 2,800 70 35,000 80 560,000

8. 9. 10. 11.

$40 $300 $50 5,000

10 $400 70 $21,000 40 $2,000 90 450,000

22. 140 a2 23. d 70 7 24. 3,000 60 x

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Problem Solving

28. A box of 400 stickers is to be divided 29. If 6,300 books are divided equally

equally among 80 students. How many among 90 libraries, how many

stickers will each student receive? books will each library get?

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Division Patterns R RETEACH

To divide mentally, you can use basic division facts and look for a pattern.

Find the basic division fact. Then count and subtract zeros.

This will tell you how many zeros the quotient will have.

60 20 3 1 zero 1 zero 0 zeros

600 20 30 2 zeros 1 zero 1 zero

6,000 20 300 3 zeros 1 zero 2 zeros

200 40 5 1 extra zero 1 zero 0 zeros

2,000 40 50 2 extra zeros 1 zero 1 zero

20,000 40 500 3 extra zeros 1 zero 2 zeros

1. 24 3 2. 12 4

240 30 120 40

2,400 30 1,200 40

24,000 30 12,000 40

3. 63 9 4. 30 5

630 90 300 50

6,300 90 3,000 50

63,000 90 30,000 50

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5. 9 3 6. 90 30 7. 900 30

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Division Patterns E ENRICH

Move Along

Circle the correct answer for each exercise. Then use the remaining

two answers to write the next division sentence. Repeat until you

finish the page.

3. 4.

a. 90 b. 80 c. 4,500 a. 4,200 b. 60 c. 50

5. 6.

a. 70 b. 4,000 c. 80 a. 50 b. 2,800 c. 40

7. 8.

9. 10.

11. 12.

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13. Look at exercise 12. How did you decide how many zeros were in the quotient?

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Explore Dividing by 2-Digit Numbers P PRACTICE

Divide.

1. 2.

130 10 143 30

3. 4.

121 14 156 18

5. 6. 7. 8.

6 R9 9 R2 7 R9 8 R13

13 87 15 137 12 93 14 125

18 R5 13 R14 13 R11 17 R16

16 293 17 235 19 258 25 441

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Problem Solving

19. The dividend is 280. The divisor is 23. 20. The dividend is 160. The divisor is 12.

What are the quotient and What are the quotient and

remainder? remainder?

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Explore Dividing by 2-Digit Numbers R RETEACH

Find 148 12. Think: How many groups of 12 are there in 148?

Show 148 using Exchange Divide the tens. Exchange tens for

place-value 1 hundred for Make as many ones so you can

models. 10 tens. groups of 12 as keep grouping

you can. 1 ten and 2 ones.

You can make

12 equal groups

of 12 with 4 ones

remaining.

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Explore Dividing by 2-Digit Numbers E ENRICH

Stick Division

What if we used a number system that used symbols instead of numerals?

In this Chinese system, numbers are written using the symbols shown.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 20 50 60 70 90 100

Example:

426

21 8,946

where the divisor is a 2-digit number. Then exchange exercises with

a partner and find the quotient using symbols.

1. 2.

3. 4.

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PRACTICE

Divide.

1. 82 20 2. 75 10 3. 51 20

4. 94 30 5. 88 20 6. 87 10

7. 93 40 8. 71 30 9. 97 20

3 R1 1 R28 2 R1 2 R3

20 61 50 78 40 81 30 63

7 R6 4 R15 1 R24 1 R9

10 76 20 95 60 84 40 49

9 R6 1 R29 2 R4 1 R9

10 96 30 59 20 44 50 59

28. 27 m 2 R7 29. 51 k 1 R21

Problem Solving

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34. Sam needs to put 76 pencils in 35. Kenya needs to put 84 cans of

packages. Each package should have tennis balls in boxes. Each box should

10 pencils. How many packages will have 20 cans. How many boxes will

there be? How many pencils will be Kenya fill? How many cans will she

left over? have left over?

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RETEACH

Show 74 using place-value models. Step 1: Divide 74 by 20.

Then make as many groups of 20 as Think: 60 20 3.

you can. 3

20 74

60

in the quotient.

3 R14

20 74

60

14

You can make 3 equal groups of 20 with

14 remaining.

1. 63 30 2. 88 40 3. 55 10

4. 48 20 5. 74 10 6. 93 30

7. 85 30 8. 81 20 9. 76 10

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Divide 2-Digit Numbers by Multiples of 10 E ENRICH

Winning Start

Label the faces of a number cube 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70.

Place a marker on 72, the starting position. Take turns tossing

the number cube. Divide the number your marker is on by the

number tossed. Find the whole number quotient. Move

forward that number of spaces.

board once. After passing "Start", you may move forward or

backward. The winner is the person who lands directly on

"Start".

Start

72 85 97 100 115 120

260 138

253 149

250 150

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235 164

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Divide by 2-Digit Divisors P PRACTICE

Divide.

1. 2. 3. 4.

43 R6 25 R9 $0.11 14 R4

22 952 31 784 66 $7.26 54 760

5. 6. 7. 8.

11 17 R3 12 R2 13 R9

81 891 29 496 44 530 75 984

75 R4 $0.67 61 R2 83

26 1,954 17 $11.39 39 2,381 46 3,818

96 R1 71 $0.89 74 R6

93 8,929 51 3,621 62 $55.18 88 6,518

29. (1,700 53) 37 w 30. (1,000 160) 46 d

31. (1,900 100) 29 v 32. (1,600 240) 83 x

33. (2,300 70) (12 4) n

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Problem Solving

35. Mrs. Tallos class made 234 ribbons for 36. Mr. Willows class wants to sell

the Sports Fair. Each student made the 200 tickets to the Winter Sports Fair.

same number of ribbons. There are There are 25 students in the class.

18 students in the class. How many How many tickets will each student

ribbons did each student make? need to sell?

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Divide by 2-Digit Divisors R RETEACH

You can use models to help you understand dividing by 2-digit numbers.

Use place-value models to show 165. Step 1: Divide, Think: 180 30 6

6

25 165

6

25 165

150 6 25 150

you can. Exchange tens for ones. You in the quotient.

can make 6 equal groups of 25 with 6 R15

15 remaining. 25 165

150

15 165 150 15

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1. 164 12 2. 174 18 3. 318 21

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Divide by 2-Digit Divisors E ENRICH

What Number Am I?

Solve. What number am I?

1. I am a number between 10 and 20. 2. I am a number between 10 and 20.

If you divide either 61 or 73 by me, If you divide either 45 or 56 by me,

the remainder is 1. the remainder is 1.

If you divide either 107 or 128 by If you divide either 68 or 134 by me,

me, the remainder is 2. the remainder is 2.

If you divide either 76 or 126 by me, If you divide either 147 or 255 by me,

the remainder is 1. the remainder is 3.

If you divide either 74 or 110 by me, If you divide either 221 or 265 by

the remainder is 2. me, the remainder is 1.

If you divide either 175 or 204 by If you divide either 74 or 214 by me,

me, the remainder is 1. the remainder is 4.

11. I am a number between 10 and 20. 12. I am a number between 20 and 30.

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the remainder is 12. me, the remainder is 16.

13. I am a number between 10 and 20. 14. I am a number between 20 and 30.

If you divide either 110 or 144 by If you divide either 295 or 322 by

me, the remainder is 8. me, the remainder is 25.

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Estimate Quotients P PRACTICE

1. 19 389 2. 17 211 3. 18 586

22. 396 21 914 31 23. 492 68 556 71

24. 1,947 38 2,011 48 25. 1,300 21 2,300 13

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Problem Solving

28. Karen drove 283 miles at a speed of 29. A jet flew 3,116 miles in 6 hours.

46 miles per hour. About how many About how many miles per hour

hours did she drive? did it fly?

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Estimate Quotients R RETEACH

You can use compatible numbers to estimate quotients.

3,463 73 Think: A basic fact that is close is 35 7.

3,500 70 50

So, 3,463 73 is about 50.

Complete.

1. Estimate 1,785 31. 2. Estimate 2,880 29.

Estimate: 1,800 30 Estimate: 2,700 30

3. Estimate 5,726 72. 4. Estimate 3,952 79.

Estimate: Estimate:

5. 1,482 33 6. 6,512 78

7. 7,164 89 8. 2,207 68

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Estimate Quotients E ENRICH

Box Estimation

Choose the best estimate from each box to complete the sentence.

Then write the answer next to the letter of the box to make a code.

Use the code to answer the question.

Who was the first American in space?

A. 24 33 D. 63 53 E. 82 75

42 51 71 48 64 92

H. 27 44 L. 24 32 N. 31 42

52 38 58 44 52 28

P. 68 72 R. 68 74 S. 7 81

84 91 47 59 72 64

A D E

H L N

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P R S

B. , JR.

33 24 33 42 72 52 92 84 33 59 63

Explain how you estimated the divisors.

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Adjust the Quotient P PRACTICE

Divide.

1. 2. 3. 4.

7 R11 7 R7 8 R21 8 R39

34 249 26 189 56 469 41 367

5. 6. 7. 8.

2 R44 7 R38 4 R34 3 R49

51 146 84 626 79 350 63 238

8 R74 3 R70 5 R35 7 R11

92 810 75 295 39 230 25 186

8 R28 7 R24 5 R86 3 R75

56 476 69 507 92 546 88 339

8 R19 5 R9 3 R52 4 R56

44 371 24 129 65 247 57 284

5 R77 8 R10 8 R35 8 R11

81 482 22 186 45 395 36 299

between $5.00 and $8.00.

25. 26. 27. 28.

$5.25 $6.15 no no

18 $94.50 16 $98.40 14 $60.90 25 $93.75

$7.15 no no $7.76

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Problem Solving

33. Candy wants to walk 220 miles in 34. Jason wants to save $180 in

30 days. If she walks 7 miles every 12 months. How much should he

day, will she meet her goal? save each month?

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Adjust the Quotient R RETEACH

high or too low. Then you must adjust the quotient.

Step 1:

3

Estimate: 120 40 3 43 125

Step 2:

Use your estimate to divide. 3

43 125

129 Multiply: 3 43 129

Step 3:

Adjust your estimate and divide. Multiply to

check the answer.

2 R39 43

43 125 2

86 Multiply: 2 43 86 86

39 Subtract: 125 86 39 39

Compare: 39 43 125

1. 2. 3. 4.

4 R14 7 R1 5 R3 1 R59

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5. 6. 7. 8.

6 R8 8 R1 6 R1 1 R61

57 350 16 129 37 223 63 124

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Hi Lo

E ENRICH

estimate was too high, circle "Too High." If your estimate was too

low, circle "Too Low." Use the circled answers to complete the maze

below.

1. 2. 3. 4.

3 R71 9 R10 7 R30 $3.25

73 290 65 595 31 247 21 $68.25

Too High Down Too High Left Too High Down Too High Left

Too Low Up Too Low Right Too Low Up Too Low Right

5. 6. 7. 8.

6 R2 $2.13 7 R7 7 R2

88 530 91 $25.56 48 343 26 184

Too High Down Too High Right Too High Up Too High Left

Too Low Up Too Low Left Too Low Down Too Low Right

What is the fastest fish, the tallest tree, the biggest dog, and the

smallest bird?

To find out, begin at Start. Move one space in the direction given

next to each circled answer.

Start

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sailfish

redwood

St. Bernard

hummingbird

greyhound parakeet Great Dane sparrow

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Skill

Form a conclusion about whether you would overestimate or

underestimate. Then solve the problem.

1. A group of 118 people have signed up for the 5-kilometer run.

Each person will receive a special cap. Caps are sold in boxes of 36.

How many boxes are needed?

Should you overestimate or underestimate to solve this problem? Explain.

2. The Flying Disk Club has saved $90 to buy Disks for its

members. A package of 2 Disks costs $8. How many

packages of Disks can the club buy?

Should you overestimate or underestimate to solve this problem? Explain.

budgeted for trophies. How many trophies can they buy?

Should you overestimate or underestimate to solve this problem? Explain.

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What is the least number of students who can share each softball?

Should you overestimate or underestimate to solve this problem? Explain.

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

There are 95 volunteers working at the marathon. Each volunteer

will get a water bottle. A box contains 24 water bottles. How many

boxes are needed?

1. Which of the following statements 2. To be sure there are enough water

is true? bottles for the volunteers, you should:

A There are not enough water F underestimate the number of

bottles for the volunteers. volunteers.

B A box contains 24 water bottles. G overestimate the number of

volunteers and underestimate the

C There are 95 water bottles.

number of boxes needed.

D Four water bottles are needed.

H underestimate the number of

boxes needed.

J overestimate the number of

boxes needed.

At the game, there are 44 color guards. Each color guard will help

carry flags. There are 21 flags on 6-foot poles. What is the greatest

number of students that will have to share a flag?

3. Which of the following is not 4. To find the greatest number of students

important to solving the problem? who will share a flag, you should:

A There are 44 students carrying flags. F overestimate the number of

students per flag.

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a flag. G underestimate the number of

students per flag.

C There are 21 flags.

H overestimate the number of flags

D The flags are on 6-foot poles.

and underestimate the number of

students.

J underestimate the number of

flags per student.

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 8, Lesson 7, pages 338339. (260) MR 1.1, 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 3.1, 3.2

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Problem Solving: Reading for Math P PRACTICE

Test Prep

Choose the correct answer.

The sports committee buys a piece of fabric that is 60 feet long.

Underestimate the number of 9-foot banners that can be made

from the fabric.

5. To underestimate the number of 6. How many 9-foot banners can be

banners that can be made, you: made from the fabric?

A use 63 feet for the length of the F 5

fabric. G 6

B round down the length of the H 7

fabric to 50 feet. J 8

C round up the length of each

banner to 10 feet.

D use 6 feet for the length of each

banner.

Solve.

7. Travis is making first-place ribbons 8. The soccer club makes 100 cups of

for Sports Day. He has 111 inches of fruit drink. There are 46 students in

blue ribbon. Each blue ribbon will be the soccer club. Is there enough fruit

8 inches long. Underestimate the drink for each student to have 2

number of ribbons he can make. cups? Explain.

9. There are 152 people at the Sports 10. Mark wants to buy baseball shirts of

Night Dinner. There are 33 tables. different teams. Each shirt costs $18.

What is the greatest number of Mark has $62. How many shirts can

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11. A pack of 3 pennants costs $8. 12. A box of gold medals costs $56. The

Maryanne has $30. Is this enough to Sports Committee has $185 to spend

buy 4 packs of pennants? Explain. on medals. How many boxes can the

committee buy? Explain.

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Problem Solving: Strategy P PRACTICE

Choose a Strategy

Choose a strategy. Use it to solve the problem.

1. The Sports Committee buys 30 yards 2. The Sand Trap Golf Shop has 132 golf

of material. The material will be cut balls in stock. The golf balls are

into banners that are 5 feet long. packed in tubes of 6. How many tubes

How many banners can be made? of golf balls does the store have?

3. Liam is building a fence around his 4. There are 115 students who want to

backyard. The backyard is 24 feet wide go to the basketball tournament.

and 60 feet long. If Liam uses sections One bus can carry 26 students. How

of fencing that are 12 feet long, how many buses will be needed?

many sections will he need?

Solve. Use any strategy.

5. Art Tina makes a display of 36 6. Francine uses a pattern to make a

autographed baseballs. She puts 12 window display for a sneaker store.

baseballs in a large display case. Tina The first row has 2 sneakers, the

also has 4 smaller display cases. How second row has 6 sneakers, the third

can she arrange the baseballs in the row has 10, and the fourth row has

smaller cases so that each smaller case 14. How many sneakers will be in

has an equal number of baseballs? the fifth row?

Strategy:

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Strategy:

7. The Stadium Store sells 450 team 8. Create a problem which you could

photos and 369 individual photos. solve by drawing a diagram or by

How many photos does it sell in all? writing a division sentence. Share it

with others.

Strategy:

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Choose a Strategy

Page 343, Problem 1

Camille wants to practice sharper turns. She uses the same 20-yard

distance in the driveway and begins at the starting line. This time

she places the cones 3 feet apart. How many cones will she use?

Step 1

Be sure you understand the problem.

Read Read carefully.

What do you know?

The total distance is yards.

feet apart.

What do you need to find?

You need to find the number of feet in yards.

Step 2

Make a plan.

Plan Choose a strategy.

Find a Pattern To find the answer, you may draw a diagram.

Work Backward Find the number of feet in 20 yards.

Use Logical

Reasoning Show a distance that is that many feet long.

Write a Number Count by 3s to see how many cones Camille will use if

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Sentence

they are placed 3 feet apart.

Make a Table

or List

Guess and Check To find the answer, you can also write a number sentence.

Make a Graph All the cones are the same distance apart.

Solve Simpler Use division to find how many cones Camille will use.

Problem

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Problem Solving: Strategy R RETEACH

Choose a Strategy

Step 3

Carry out your plan.

Solve

How many feet are in 20 yards?

1 yard 3 feet

20 3 60

Draw a diagram. Show a 60-foot distance. Count by

3s to see how many cones Camille will use.

0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 39 42 45 48 51 54 57 60

Write a number sentence.

The distance is feet. There will be 1 cone every feet.

Write a division sentence.

Camille will use a total of cones

Step 4

Is the solution reasonable?

Look Back Reread the problem.

Does your answer make sense? Yes No

Which method do you prefer? Explain.

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Practice

1. The parks department builds stands 2. Ed has 4 packs of sports stickers.

next to a baseball field. There will be There are 24 stickers in each pack.

5 rows of stands. Each row will be He divides the stickers among 3

20 feet long. How many 10-foot friends. How many stickers does

long boards will they need to build each friend get?

the stands?

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P PRACTICE

1. 2 8 7 2. 2 3 9 3. 4 10 2

4. 9 2 3 5. (3 2) 9 6. 8 (2 2)

7. 6 2 1 8. 1 3 5 9. 10 5 2

13. 3 2 7 14. 10 2 1

15. 9 6 2 16. 24 2 8

17. (2 6) 7 18. 12 12 3

19. (4 6) 5 20. 12 3 9

21. 20 5 2 22. 18 9 6

23. 2 8 4 24. 20 5 4

25. 2 6 4 3 26. 20 2 3 6

29. 2 9 10 5 (3 2)

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Problem Solving

30. Tamara buys 6 apples for $0.40 each. 31. Steven has 126 photos to put in an

She has a $0.50 off coupon. Write an album. He finds 18 more photos.

expression and simplify to find her Each page holds 12 photos. Write an

final cost. expression and simplify to find how

many pages Steven will fill.

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Order of Operations R RETEACH

for the order in which you should perform operations are given below.

Simplify (20 8) 4 2.

Do the operations in Multiply and divide from Add and subtract from left

parentheses first. left to right. to right.

(20 8) 4 2 28 4 2 72

28 4 2 72 5

1. 12 4 2 2. 4 (10 2) 3. 2 8 4

4. (3 7) 2 5. 9 3 2 6. 8 2 4

7. 6 (8 5) 8. 8 4 2 9. 12 (2 2)

10. 3 (2 5) 11. 14 7 2

12. 9 (6 2) 13. 4 2 5

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14. 8 2 2 15. 10 8 4

16.12 3 2 17. (1 5) 4

18. 8 8 4 19. (5 5) 2

20. 14 10 2 21. 16 4 2

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Order of Operations E ENRICH

Order Counts

Rewrite each number sentence. Put in parentheses to make each

number sentence true.

1. 3 8 2 1 21

2. 5 x 16 + 14 + 6 2 = 153

3. 6 9 8 = 6

4. 22 3 x 5 + 2 = 1

5. 18 2 + 1 + 1 = 7

6. 6 x 5 + 9 3 = 28

7. 5 x 10 + 1 11 = 5

8. 3 + 40 8 x 5 = 4

9. 10 6 4 = 1

10. 4 x 5 2 = 12

11. 40 10 2 = 5

12. 20 + 8 4 = 7

13. 6 + 2 x 7 = 56

14. 16 6 + 2 = 8

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In your own words describe the rules for the order of operations.

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810

Problem Solving: Application Part

A WORKSHEET

Decision

Applying Multiplication Making

Record your data.

Cost to the club the club at a sale reach goal for

price of $1 $110 in profits

Home-made

hiker bars

Your Decision

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810

Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

vigorous exercise.

Number of Sit-ups

2. How many more sit-ups did you do? Show your work.

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Work Space

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Problem Solving: Application Part

B WORKSHEET

Science

3. How many times more sit-ups did you do? Round to the nearest

whole number. Show your work.

Work Space

4. Can you conclude that the food from lunch gave you more energy?

Why or why not?

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Explore Customary Length P PRACTICE

Estimate and then measure. Tell what unit and tool you use.

1. length of a pencil

2. height of a desk

4. length of a book

9. height of a tree A. 40 mi B. 40 yd C. 40 ft

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Problem Solving

15. Jane can walk a mile in about 16. Marta measures the length of her

15 minutes. About how long notebook. To the nearest quarter

would it take her to walk 5 miles? 3

inch, it is 12 4 in. What does it

measure to the nearest inch?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 9, Lesson 1, pages 364365. (271) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Explore Customary Length R RETEACH

the customary system. Customary Units of Length

You can use a ruler to measure in inches. 1 foot (ft) 12 inches (in.)

0 1 2 3

1 yard (yd) 3 feet (ft)

1 mile (mi) 1,760 yards (yd)

1 mile (mi) 5,280 feet (ft)

3 14 in.

measure larger units in the customary system.

1 yd

1 ft

nearest 14 inch.

1. 2.

3.

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4.

5. length of a persons foot A. 8 in. B. 8 ft C. 8 yd

6. length of a bed A. 6 in. B. 6 ft C. 6 yd

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Explore Customary Length E ENRICH

Early Measurements

In early times, distances were measured using fingers, hands,

and arms.

span

digit

cubit

digit: the width of span: the width of a cubit: the distance from

a finger stretched hand fingertip to elbow

measure. Then estimate.

1. width of your desk 2. thickness of your math book

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10. What kinds of distance would be difficult to measure using this system

of measurement?

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Customary Capacity and Weight P PRACTICE

1. a water glass 2. a large pot

6. an apple 7. four potatoes

11. A. 5 c B. 5 pt C. 5 gal

12. A. 1 c B. 1 pt C. 1 qt

13. A. 6 c B. 6 qt C. 6 gal

14. A. 2 fl oz B. 2 c C. 2 pt

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16. A. 3 oz B. 3 T C. 3 lb

Problem Solving

17. A box of Krispy Krunch cereal holds 18. Sarah buys a 48 fl oz bottle of apple

20 oz. Kyle pours 3 oz of cereal into his juice. How many cups of juice can

bowl. How much cereal is left in the box? she pour from the bottle?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 9, Lesson 2, pages 366369. (274) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Customary Capacity and Weight R RETEACH

Customary Units of Capacity

volume of a container. Pour water into

empty milk cartons to model the 8 fluid ounces (fl oz) 1 cup (c)

equivalent units of capacity shown below. 2 cups (c) 1 pint (pt)

2 pints (pt) 1 quart (qt)

4 quarts (qt) 1 gallon (gal)

(c) (pt) (pt) (qt) (qt) (gal)

Weight is the measure that tells how heavy an Customary Units of Weight

object is.

16 ounces (oz) 1 pound (lb)

2,000 pounds (lb) 1 ton (T)

A card and envelope weigh about 1 ounce. A book weighs about 1 pound.

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1. weight of an apple A. 5 oz B. 2 lb C. 12 T

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Customary Capacity and Weight E ENRICH

Shade each box that contains a reasonable measure. The shaded

boxes will form a path from start to finish.

In an hour, an A horse

A living room Your smile is

Finish is 6 yards long. 1 yard wide.

airplane flew weighs

1,780 miles. 827 oz.

A pizza weighs

about 3 bowl holds 18 might weigh holds 3 qt of

144 oz.

minutes long. cups of water. 2,545 lb. lemonade.

A frog can 1 A dog can

was 3 yards is 4 mile breath for

jump 475 feet. jump 17 yards.

long. long. 63 seconds.

A gallon of

You could The gate is 40 The kitten The movie

paint is enough

walk a mile in inches high. drank an lasted 107

to paint a large

20 seconds. wall. ounce of milk. minutes.

The climbing A TV

The punch A bathtub

Pat rode his rope to the commercial

bowl holds 24 holds 18 pints

bike 12 mph. tree fort was lasts about

cups of punch. 37 inches long. 600 seconds. of water.

It took about

The diving The subway A light bulb

3 yards of The train was

pool was 4 yd sandwich was weighs

fabric to 125 yd long.

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A banana is A sneaker

baby drank

9 inches long.

distance of

weighs 40 oz. Start

7 oz of milk. 10,525 ft.

How did you decide if running a distance of 10,525 feet was reasonable?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 9, Lesson 2, pages 366369. (276) MR 1.1, 2.3

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Convert Customary Units P PRACTICE

Complete.

1. 7 ft in. 2. 21 ft yd 3. 2 mi yd

4. 60 in. ft 5. 13 yd ft 6. 2 mi ft

7. 8 qt gal 8. 144 in. ft 9. 3 pt c

10. 36 ft yd 11. 4 ft in. 12. 12 ft yd

13. 12 pt qt 14. 2 lb oz 15. 48 oz lb

16. 3 T lb 17. 10,000 lb T 18. 2 c fl oz

19. 3 gal qt 20. 2 qt pt 21. 10 c pt

22. 1 lb 10 oz oz 23. 1 gal 2 pt pt 24. 10 ft yd ft

25. 4 T 800 lb lb 26. 5 ft 8 in. in. 27. 13 qt gal qt

28. 29.

Gallons 1 Yards 1

Quarts 12 Feet 9

Pints 16 Inches 72

Cups 64

30. 31.

Ounces Pounds Tons 1

1

2 Pounds 6,000

3

4

16

McGraw-Hill School Division

32

48

Problem Solving

32. Amy cuts a piece of ribbon 60 in. 33. The 6 members of the Brown family

long. How many feet long is the drink a total of 3 gallons of milk each

piece of ribbon? week. How much is that per person?

Use with Grade 4, Chapter 9, Lesson 3, pages 370373. (277) AF 1.3; MR 1.1, 2.3