Keyboarding

Guidelines Guiding Principles
Technology skills are best acquired when instruction and practice are integrated with meaningful curricular activities. There are, however, some basic skills that initially merit separate attention and practice. Use of the computer keyboard is one of those skills. To attain a functional level of keyboard use and to avoid forming habits that become extremely difficult to break, students should be exposed to correct keyboarding techniques at an early age. Since the acquisition of skill is an ongoing process, instruction should be offered at every grade level. Students should consistently improve speed and accuracy by applying keyboarding skills in all subject areas. Opportunities for regular practice should be provided to allow students to attain and maintain acceptable speed and accuracy levels. Practice is most effective when sessions are brief but frequent. Four sessions per week of 20 minutes each, for example, have proven much more effective than two sessions of 45 minutes each. Frequent practice periods in a concentrated number of weeks (usually 4-6 weeks) have proven more effective than spreading practice over several months. Teachers and administrators are encouraged to consider these results when allocating equipment and computer time. Students gain keyboarding skills much more effectively when the teacher is actively engaged in delivering instruction and monitoring progress. Keyboarding software is best used for assessing speed and accuracy, and for providing extra practice, not for teaching students to keyboard. Licenses for the program titled All the Right Type have been purchased for Irving ISD students in grades K-8. For help in obtaining the software, installing it on computers, or using it with students, check with the Campus Technician or Instructional Technology Specialist. It is not necessary to practice keyboarding on a computer with a fast processor, a large amount of memory, and multimedia capabilities. Keyboarding practice is a great use of older computers or of specialized hardware with limited operating systems such as DreamWriters, AlphaSmarts, or Emates. Students should maintain correct posture when at the computer. Incorrect position of wrists, especially, may result in repetitive-use injuries. The skills and levels of the following grade level expectations were derived from research suggesting that keyboarding speed should be slightly higher than handwriting speed at a given grade level, and from the Technology Applications Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS).

numeric. and symbol keys as grade-level appropriate Students produce documents at the keyboard.e. numeric. proofread. punctuation. 20 minutes per day. punctuation. proofread. and use of numbers and symbols as grade-level appropriate . 4 days per week for 5 weeks) Students use proper keyboarding techniques such as correct hand and body positions and smooth and rhythmic keystroke patterns Students demonstrate touch keyboarding techniques for operating the alphabetic. punctuation. 20 minutes per day.Keyboarding Guidelines Grade Level Expectations Kindergarten . location of keys.. proofread. and symbol keys as grade-level appropriate Students produce documents at the keyboard.Grade 2 • • • • • No speed requirements Attention to correct hand and body positions. 4 days per week for 6 weeks) • Students use proper keyboarding techniques such as correct hand and body positions and smooth and rhythmic keystroke patterns • Students demonstrate touch keyboarding techniques for operating the alphabetic. and correct errors as gradelevel appropriate Students use language skills including capitalization. spelling. smooth and rhythmic keystroke patterns as grade-level appropriate Students operate alphabetic. spelling. and correct errors • Students use language skills including capitalization. and spelling as grade-level appropriate Grade 3 Keyboarding practice in a structured program should begin at grade 3. numeric. punctuation. and use of numbers and symbols as grade-level appropriate Grade 4 • • • • • • 20 WPM at 90-100% accuracy Frequent practice for short periods of time over a concentrated number of weeks (i. word division.. punctuation. word division.e. punctuation. • 15 Words per Minute (WPM) at 90-100% accuracy • Frequent practice for short periods of time over a concentrated number of weeks (i. and symbol keys as grade-level appropriate • Students produce documents at the keyboard. and correct errors Students use language skills including capitalization.

grade 12 = 60 WPM) Frequent practice for short periods of time over a concentrated number of weeks Demonstrate keyboarding proficiency in technique and posture while building speed Use digital keyboarding standards in word processing such as one space after punctuation. the use of em/en dashes. and correct errors Students use language skills including capitalization. and smart quotation marks Plan.e. . word division. grade 8 = 40 WPM) Frequent practice for short periods of time over a concentrated number of weeks Demonstrate keyboarding proficiency in technique and posture while building speed Use digital keyboarding standards for data input such as one space after punctuation. opportunities for further practice should be provided to the student. spelling. and edit documents created with a word processor Integrate the use of the word processor into multiple curricular areas Evaluation Students should be made aware of the speed and accuracy goals for their grade level. grade 11 = 55 WPM. and use of numbers and symbols as grade-level appropriate Grades 6 . If a student does not attain the grade level goal within the suggested number of weeks. When a student obtains the targeted proficiency level. 20 minutes per day.. and symbol keys as grade-level appropriate Students produce documents at the keyboard. the use of em/en dashes. punctuation. grade 10 = 50 WPM. he/she should be allowed to practice keyboarding in an application context. and edit documents created with a word processor Integrate the use of the word processor into multiple curricular areas Grades 9 . The performance of students should be verified at least once per year through the administration of a test such as the tests available in All the Right Type. proofread. create. grade 7 = 35 WPM. create. punctuation. 4 days per week for 4 weeks) Students use proper keyboarding techniques such as correct hand and body positions and smooth and rhythmic keystroke patterns Students demonstrate touch keyboarding techniques for operating the alphabetic.12 • • • • • • 5 WPM per grade level at 90-100% accuracy (grade 9 = 45 WPM.Keyboarding Guidelines Grade 5 • • • • • • 25 WPM at 90-100% accuracy Frequent practice for short periods of time over a concentrated number of weeks (i.8 • • • • • • 5 WPM per grade level at 90-100% accuracy (grade 6 = 30 WPM. and smart quotation marks Plan. numeric.

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