Paula Cleggett-Haleim Headquarters, Washington, D.C.

September 24, 1993 (Phone: 202/358-0883) Randy Exler Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. (Phone: 301/286-0697) RELEASE: 93-168 NASA SELECTS SECOND SET OF SMALL EXPLORER MISSIONS Dr. Wesley T. Huntress, Jr., NASA's Associate Administrator for Space Science, today announced the selection of four candidate Small Explorer Missions. These missions propose investigations that will fill in significant gaps in scientist's understanding of astrophysics, solar physics and cosmic-ray physics. The Small Explorer Program provides frequent flight opportunities for highly focused and relatively inexpensive science missions. Small Explorer spacecraft weigh approximately 500 lbs (227 kilograms). The costs for developing the instrument and the spacecraft are expected to average $35 million. They will be launched by Pegasus, an expendable launch vehicle, owned and operated by Orbital Sciences Corp., Loudon, Virginia, under contract to NASA. The four new candidate missions follow the first set of Small Explorer missions which includes the Solar, Anomalous and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer (SAMPEX), the Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer (FAST) and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS). SAMPEX was successfully launched in July, 1992. FAST will be launched in August, 1994 and SWAS will be launched in June, 1995.

The selected mission candidates were chosen from 51 proposals. The newly selected mission candidates are: ù The Joint Ultraviolet Night Sky Observer (JUNO). JUNO will perform a photometric and spectroscopic survey of the sky in the far ultraviolet. Professor Christopher Martin of Columbia University, New York City, is the Principal Investigator with 12 Co-Investigators from U.S. and Italian institutions. - more -2JUNO is planned as a collaboration between NASA and the Italian Space Agency which will supply the spacecraft and a ground station for the mission. ù The Positron Electron Magnetic Spectrometer (POEMS). POEMS will precisely measure the ratio of anti-electrons (positrons) to electrons among the cosmic rays as a function of energy and time. Dr. Paul Evenson of the University of Delaware, Bartol Research Institute, Newark, is the Principal Investigator. He will head a team of 18 Co-Investigators from the U.S., France, Germany and Finland. ù The Transitional Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE). TRACE will observe the Sun to study the connection between it's magnetic fields and plasma structures. Dr. Alan Title of the Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, Calif., is the Principal Investigator. He is joined by a Co-Investigator team of 13 American, British, Swedish and Dutch scientists. ù The Wide-Field Infrared Explorer (WIRE). WIRE will study the evolution of galaxies using cryogenically-cooled infrared detector arrays. WIRE is proposed by Dr. Perry B. Hacking of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, Calif., with Co-Investigators from the California Institute of Technology, Cornell University, Ball Aerospace Systems Group, and JPL. The four proposed missions will enter a definition phase that will last 10 months. After that, NASA intends to confirm two missions for development and flight. NASA plans to launch the

confirmed missions in 1997 and 1998. The Small Explorer Program is managed by the Astrophysics Division, Office of Space Science, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C. Mission definition, development, and launch are managed by the Small Explorer Project Office, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. - end -