# ASSIGNMENT 01

Maximum Marks: 30

Q#1:

Solution:
4 2
2 4
2 4
2 2 2
1 1 2
1 2
(1 ) (1 ) 0
1
1 1
1
1 1
1 1 2
1 2 1 ( )
1
tan ( ) tan ( )
2
tan ( )
tan[ ]
2
.
x dy x y dx
x
dy dx
y x
Integrating both sides we get
x
dy dx
y x
x
dy dx
y x
y x c
x
y c
is the general solution
÷ ÷
÷
+ + + =
= ÷
+ +
= ÷
+ +
= ÷
+ +
= ÷ +
= ÷
í í
í í

Q#2:

2
2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2 2
2 2 2
2
( 1) ( )
1 ( ) ( )
/ hom .
dy
x y x y
dx
dy
x x yx y
dx
dy x yx y
dx x
x yx y
dy
x
x dx
x
dy x xy y
dx x x x
dy y y
dx x x
As it is a function of y x so it is ogeneous
÷ = +
= + +
+ +
=
+ +
=
= + +
= + +

2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
tan ( ) ln ln
tan ( ) ln
tan[ ln ]
tan[ ln ]
.
To solve it put y vx
y
v
x
Then above equation becomes
dv
v x v v
dx
dv
x v
dx
dv dx
v x
Integrating both sides we get
dv dx
v x
v x c
v cx
v cx
y x cx
is the general solution
÷
÷
=
¬ =
+ = + +
= +
=
+
=
+
= +
=
=
=
í í

Q#3:
In the given problem, determine whether the given equation is exact. If exact, solve it
2
( 2 tan ) (sec ) 0 ; ( )
4
Sin x y dx x y dy y
t
t ÷ ÷ = =
Solution:

( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
2 2
2
Here
2 tan & sec
sec sec
.
2 tan 1 & sec 2
int 1 . . ,
cos 2
( , ) tan ( ) 3
2
M Sin x y N x y
N M
y y
x y
M N
Clearly soit is an exact differential equaiton
y x
Nowtake
f f
M Sin x y N x y
x y
On egrating no wr t x we get
x
f x y x y g y
Par
= ÷ = ÷
c c
÷ = ÷ =
c c
c c
=
c c
c c
= = ÷ ÷ = = ÷ ÷
c c
= ÷ ÷ + ÷
. . tially differentiate wr t y we get

:
2 /
1
2 1
1 2
sec ( )
( )
cos 2
( , ) tan
2
cos 2
tan
2
cos 2
( ) tan
2
( )
4
1
2
cos 2 1
tan
2 2
f
x y g y
y
g y c
then above equation becomes
x
f x y x y c
x
c x y c
x
c c c x y c
Given y
Aboveequationbecomes
c
x
Then the particular solution is x y
we ge
t
t
t
t
c
= ÷ +
c
=
=÷ ÷ +
= ÷ ÷ +
¬ = ÷ + =
=
+ =
+ = +
2 2 tan 1 2 t Cos x x y t + = +

ASSIGNMENT 02
Maximum Marks: 30
Due Date: 3
rd
May, 2008

Question 1: Marks=10

Tell that which kind of differential equation is that, also solve that D.E
( ) 1
dy
x y y
dx
+ + =

1
(1 )
( )
ln
( ) 1
1 1
(1 ) (1)
.
1 1
( ) 1 , ( )
.
(1),
( 1)
( )
int ,
dx
P x dx
x x x
x
x x x
x
x
x x
x x
dy
x y y
dx
dy
y
dx x x
It is alinear D E
Here P x Q x
x x
I F e e e xe
Multiply it by no we get
dy
xe e x y e
dx
d xe y
e
dx
On egrating we get
xe y e dx
xe y e c
+
+
+ + =
+ + = ÷
= + =
í
í
= = = =
+ + =
=
=
= +
í

Question 2: Marks=10

Solve the following D.E by using an appropriate substitution
sec( ) x y dy dx + =
Solution:
2
2
sec( )
. . ,
1
1
sec( ) 1
sec ( 1) 1
1 sec sec
sec
1 sec
1
1 cos
1
2cos
2
1
s
2 2
tan
2
(
tan
x y dy dx
Put u x y
Differentiate wr t x we get
du dy
dx dx
dy du
dx dx
dy
x y can be written as
dx
du
u
dx
du
u u
dx
u
du dx
u
du dx
u
du x c
u
u
ec du x c
u
x c
x y
+ =
= +
= +
= ÷
+ =
÷ =
= +
=
+
=
+
= +
= +
= +
+
í í
í
í
)
2
x c = +

Question 3: Marks=10

Find an equation of orthogonal trajectory of the curve
2 2
x y C ÷ =
Solution:
2 2
2 2
. . ,
2 2 0
.
1
int ,
ln ln ln
x y C
Differentiate wr t x we get
dy
x y
dx
dy x
dx y
Now we write down the D E for theorthogonal family
dy y
dy
dx x
dx
dy dx
y x
on grating we get
y x c
c
y
x
xy c
Hencethe family of concentric circles x y cand the f
÷ =
÷ =
=
÷
= = ÷

=÷ +
=
=
+ =
.
amily
xy c areorthogonal trajectries =

ASSIGNMENT 03
Maximum Marks: 30
Due Date: May 16, 2008

Question 1: Marks=10

By using Wronskian, check whether the following functions given below are linearly independent. If not, show its linearly
dependence.
2 2
2 3 1
2
1 2 3
( ) 2 3, ( ) 1, ( ) 2 ( )
( ) ( ) cos 2 , ( ) 1, ( ) cos
i t f t t f t t t f t
ii f x x f x f x x
= ÷ = + = ÷
= = =

Solution:
(i)
/ //
1 1 1
2 / //
2 2 2
2 / //
3 3 3
1 2 3
/ // /// 2
1 1 1
2 / // ///
2 2 2
2 3; 2 , 0 ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) 1; ( ) 2 , ( ) 2
( ) 2 ; ( ) 4 1, ( ) 4
det min
2 3 2 0
1 2 2 14 0
2 4 1 4
.
t f t f t f t
f t t f t t f t
f t t t f t t f t
er ant is
f f f t
W t t f f f
t t t f f f
so it is linearlyindependent
= ÷ = =
= + = =
= ÷ = ÷ =
÷
= = + =÷ =
÷ ÷

2
1 2 3
/ // ///
1 1 1
/ // ///
2 2 2
2
( )
2 1
0 2 2 2 2
4 2 0 2 2
( )
2 2 2
(4 2 2 4sin 2 2 ) 0
4 2 2 2
ii
f f f
Cos x Cos x
W CosxSinx Sin x f f f Sin x
Cos x Cos x
f f f
Expanding C IInd column
Sin x Sin x
Sin xCos x xCos x
Cos x Cos x
But vanishing of wroskiandoes not gu
= = ÷ = ÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
= ÷ = ÷ ÷ =
÷ ÷
2
3
2 1
3
3 1 2
.
socheck .
( ) cos
1 cos 2
2
2
& .
areenteethelinear dependence
its linear dependencebythat method
Since f x x
x
f f
f
It shows that f is alinear combinationof f f soit is linearly dependent
=
+
=
+
=

Question 2: Marks=10

Solve the given D.E subject to the indicated initial conditions.

Solution:

4
/ // ///
4
4
4
2 2
2
2
1 2 3 4
0, (0) (0) (0) 0, (0) 1
( 1) 0
1 0
( 1)( 1) 0
1 0 1,1
1 0 ,
x x
d y
y y y y y
dx
Abovedifferential equationcanbe writtenas
D y
Its auxiliary equationis
m
m m
m gives m
m gives m i i
we get
y c e c e c Cosx c Sinx
÷
÷ = = = = =
÷ =
÷ =
÷ + =
÷ = = ÷
+ = = ÷
= + + +

/
1 2 3 4
//
1 2 3 4
///
1 2 3 4
1 2 3
/
1 2 4
//
1 2 3
///
1 2 4
sin cos
sin cos
(0) 0 0 .....(1)
(0) 0 0 .....(2)
(0) 0 0 .....(3)
(0) 1 1 ..
x x
x x
x x
y c e c e c x c x
y c e c e c Cosx c Sinx
y c e c e c x c x
y gives c c c
y gives c c c
y gives c c c
y gives c c c
÷
÷
÷
= ÷ ÷ +
= + ÷ ÷
= ÷ + ÷
= + + =
= ÷ + =
= + ÷ =
= ÷ ÷ =
( )
1 2 1 2 1 2
1 2 1 2 2 2 2 1
4 4
3 3
...(4)
2 2 0 0 (1) &(3)
1 1 1 1
2 4 2 2 1 & ( ) &( )
2 2 4 4
1 1 1
2 0
4 4 2
1 1
(3) 0 0
4 4
1 1 1
4 4 2
x x
Add c c c c c c
Add c c c c c c c c
From c c
From c c
Thereforethe general solutionis y e e Sinx
÷
+ = ¬ + = ¬ = ÷
÷ = ¬ ÷ = ¬÷ ÷ = ¬ = ÷ =
+ + = ¬ = ÷
÷ ÷ = ¬ =
÷ ÷ =

Question 3: Marks=10

Suppose that an object of mass “m” is falling downwards from a height “h” with some velocity m/s v (velocity of the ball changes
w. r .t the time t).
As the ball moving downwards, there is some air resistance (some kind of force) say v ¸ where¸ is the constant.
Deduce the differential equation that describes the rate of change of speed m/s v w.r.t the time “t” from above information.
Also solve that differential equation for m=10 kg and 5 ¸ = .

Hint: In that Question, you have to use Newton’s 2
nd
law of motion. Here you can also say that the ball moves downward with
acceleration “a”.

Solution:
Since the ball is moving downward so the force applied is the weight W of the object where W = mg (g =9.8 ms
-2
or approx 10 ms
-2
)
Also air resistance = R = v ¸
According to the Newton’s 2
nd
law of motion
2
2
2
Net force = m a
W- R =ma
mg- v =ma
dv d x
mg- v =m m
dt dt
dv
mg- v =m
dt
mg-5v dv
m dt
dv 5v
( 10 , 10) g-
dt
.
but g ms m
m
It is therequired differential equation
¸
¸
¸
÷
¬ =
¬ =
= = =

1
5
dv 5v 100 5v
10-
dt 10 10
var ,
dv 1
100-5v 10
int
ln | 100-5v | t
ln ...(1)
5 10
1
0; 0
100
(1) .
Separating the iables we get
dt
while egrating we get
c
whent v then c
put it in eqaution no we get the required differential equation
÷
= =
=
= +
÷
= = =

ASSIGNMENT 04
Maximum Marks: 30
Due Date: May 22, 2008

Question 1: Marks=15

Solve the Differential Equation by the variation of parameters

//
tan y y x + =
Solution:
//
tan y y x + = is a non-homogeneous differential equation.

Its particular solution is y
p
= u
1
(x) y
1
(x)

Step1:
To find out the complementary function

//
2
1 2
0
,
1 0
mx
c
y y
Put y e we get
m
m i
so y c Cosx c Sinx
+ =
=
+ =
= ±
= +

Step2:

From the above complementary solution, we identify
1 2
1 2
,
hom .
( , ) (cos , sin ) 1 0
os
y Cosx y Sinx aretwolinearlyindependent solutions of associated
ogeneous equationTherefore
Cosx Sinx
W y y W x x
Sinx C x
= =
= = = =
÷

Step 3:

The given D.E is
//
tan
( ) tan
y y x
where f x x
+ =
=

Step 4:
Now we construct the determinants W
1
and W
2
given by
2
2
1
/
2
1
2
/
1
0 0
sin
tan
tan cos cos ( )
0
cos 0
sin tan ( )
y Sinx
x
W sinx x
x x x f x y
y
x
W sinx
x x y f x
÷
= = = ÷ =
= = =
÷

Step 5:

Next we determine the derivatives of the unknown variables u
1
and u
2
through the relations

/ 1
1
/ 2
2
sin tan
sin tan
1
sin
sin
1
W x x
u x x
W
W x
u x
W
÷
= = = ÷
= = =

Step 6:

Now integrate the above following we get

2
1
2
2
sin
sin tan
cos
1 cos
cos
(cos sec )
sin ln sec tan
sin cos
x
u x xdx dx
x
x
dx
x
x x dx
x x x
u x dx x
= ÷ = ÷
÷
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷ +
= = ÷
í í
í
í
í

Step 7:

Therefore, the particular solution of the given differential equation is
1 1 2 2
(sin ln sec tan ) cos cos sin
ln sec tan
p
y u y u y
x x x x x x
x x
= +
= ÷ + ÷
= ÷ +

Step 8:

Now the general solution of the differential equation is
1 2
ln sec tan
c p
y y y c Cosx c Sinx x x = + = + ÷ +

Question 2: Marks=15

Solve the differential equation

Solution:

-------------------(1)
It can be re-written as

For complementary Solution
2 cos
x
y y y e x '' ' + + =
2 cos
x
y y y e x '' ' + + =
2
2 cos
x
D y Dy y e x + + =
( )
2
2 1 cos
x
D D y e x + + =

Where

Its characteristic or auxiliary equation is

So ,

For a particular solution we assume

Putting values in (1)

Equating co-efficient of like terms

---------------------(2)
--------------------(3)

Multiply (2) by 4 and (3) by 3

( )
2
2 1 0 D D y + + =
( )
0 F D y =
( )
2
2 1 F D D D = + +
2
2 1 0 m m + + =
( )
2
1 0 m+ =
1, 1 m= ÷ ÷
( )
1 2
x
c
y c c x e
÷
= +
( )
cos sin
x
p
y e A x B x = +
( ) ( )
cos sin sin cos
x x
p
y e A x B x e A x B x
'
= + + ÷ +
( ) ( )
cos sin
x
p
y e A B x A B x ' = + + ÷ +

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
cos sin sin cos
x x
p
y e A B x A B x e A B x A B x '' = + + ÷ + + ÷ + + ÷ +

( ) ( )
cos sin
x
e A B A B x A B A B x = + ÷ + + ÷ + ÷ ÷

( ) ( )
2 cos 2 sin
x
e B x A x = + ÷

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
| |
2 cos 2 sin 2 cos sin
cos sin cos
x x
x x
e B x A x e A B x A B x
e A x B x e x
+ ÷ + + + ÷ + +

+ =
2 cos 2 sin (2 2 )cos ( 2 2 )sin cos
sin cos
B x A x A B x A B x A x
B x x
÷ + + + ÷ + + +
=
(3 4 )cos ( 4 3 )sin cos A B x A B x x + + ÷ + =
3 4 1 A B + =
4 3 0 A B ÷ + =
12 16 4 A B + =
12 9 0 A B ÷ + =

So
3
25
A =

So general solution is
1 2
3 4
( ) ( )
25 25
c p
x x
y y y
y c c x e e Cosx Sinx
÷
= +
= + + +

4
25
B =
4
3 4 1
25
A
| |
+ =
|
\ .
ASSIGNMENT 05
Maximum Marks: 30
Due Date: July 01, 2008

Question 1: Marks=15

A 4-lb weight is attached to a spring whose constant is 2lb /ft. The medium offers a resistance to the motion of the weight numerically
equal to the instantaneous velocity. If the weight is released from a point 1 ft above the equilibrium position with a downward velocity
of 8ft /s, determine the time that the weight passes through the equilibrium position. Find the time for which the weight attains its
extreme displacement from the equilibrium position. What is the position of the weight at this instant?

Solution:
Since Weight = 4 lbs and constant = k = 2lb/ft
Therefore, by Hook’s law
4 = 2s
S = Stretch = 2ft & Damping force = dx/dt
Where
1
1
4 32
8
Since W mg m m slugs
| =
= ¬ = ¬ =

Thus Differential equation of motion of free damped motion is given by
2
2
2
2
2
2
/
0
8 16 0
the weight is released from a point 1 ft above
the equilibrium position with a downward velocity
of 8ft (0) 1, / (0) 8 s
d x dx
m kx
dt dt
d x dx
m kx
dt dt
d x dx
x
dt dt
As
with initial conditions x x
d
As
|
|
= ÷ =
= ÷ ÷
+ + =
+ + =
2
2
2
2
8 16 0
,
8 16 0
( 4) 0
4, 4
mt
x dx
x
dt dt
Put x e we get
m m
m
m
+ + =
=
+ + =
+ =
¬ =÷ ÷

4
1 2
/ 4 4
1 2 2
1 2
4 4
1 2
4
/ 4 4
/ 4
/
/
( ) ( )
( ) 4( )
1, 4
( ) ( ) ( ) ( 1 4 ) ... (1)
( ) ( 1 4 )
( ) 4 4( 1 4 )
( ) (4 4 16 )
( )
(0) 1, (0) 8
t
t t
t t
t
t t
t
x t c c t e
x t c c t e c e
c c
x t c c t e becomes x t t e
For extremevalues x t t e
x t e t e
x x giv
x t t e
es
x t
÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷
÷ ÷
÷
= +
=÷ + +
= ÷ =
=
=
+ = ÷ +
= ÷ +
= ÷ ÷ +
= +
÷ =
÷
4
/ 4
// 4 4 4 4
/
4
4
1 1
//
3
(8 16 )
( ) 8(1 2 )
( ) 16 32(1 2 ) ( 16 32 64 ) ( 48 64 ) ...(2)
( ) 0
(8 16 ) 0
1
0 8 16 0, (2),
2
1
( ) ( 48 32) 16
2
t
t
t t t t
t
t
t e
x t t e
x t e t e t e t e
For critical value put x t
t e
but e so t t put it inno we get
x e e
÷
÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷
÷
÷ ÷
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ + = ÷ +
=
÷ =
= ÷ = =
= ÷ + = ÷
3
4 2
max
1
0 ( ) max
2
1 1
, ( ) (1 12 ) ( ) 7
2 2
t
ve so x t has imumvalue at t
At t x t t e becomes x e
÷ ÷
= ÷ > =
= = + =

//
4
det min " " ,
. ( ) 0
( 48 64 ) 0 ( sin (2))
48 64 0
3
4
t
To er e time t wherethe weight passes throughthe equilirium position
its accelarationbecomes zero That is x t
t e by u g no
t
t
÷
=
÷ + =
¬÷ + =
¬ =

Question 2: Marks=15

Solve the non homogeneous differential equation

3 2
3 2 3
3 2
3 6 6 3 ln
d y d y dy
x x x y x
dx dx dx
÷ + ÷ = +
Solution:
For y
c

Put
2 3
1 2 3
2 3
3 3 2 2 1
3 2
2
, ( 1) , ( 1)( 2)
( 1)( 2) 3 ( 1) 6 6 0
( 1)( 2) 3 ( 1) 6 0
11 6 0 6
1 5 6 0
1 2
m
m m m
m m m m
y x
dy d y d y
mx m m x m m m x
dx dx dx
we get x m m m x x m m x x mx x
Auxiliary equationbecomes
m m m m m
m m m
either m or m m
either m or m
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
=
= = ÷ = ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + ÷ =
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
+ = ÷ ÷
= ÷ + =
= =
2 3
1 2 3
, 3
c
Therefore
y c x c x c x = + +

Let’s find the particular solution
2 3
1 2 2
2 3 / / /
1 2 3
2 / / /
1 2 3
3 / / /
1 2 3
, ,
0
(1) (2 ) (3 ) 0
(0) (2) (6 ) 3 ln 3(1 ln )
Suppose
y x y x y x
Now
u x u x u x
u u x u x
u u u x x x
= = =
+ + =
+ + =
+ + + = + =

To solve these above equations, we can write them in matrix form as

2 3
2
3
1 2
2 3
2
1 2
2
2 3
0
1 2 3 0
0 2 6 3(1 ln )
2
0 2 0
1 2 3 0
3(1 ln )
0 1 3
2
1 2 3 0
0 2 0
3(1 ln )
0 1 3
2
x x x
x x
x x
R
Apply R xR and
x x
x x
x
x
Interchange R and R
x x
x x
x
x

+

÷

÷ ÷

+

÷ ÷

+

From these above matrix, we write it as
2 / / /
1 2 3
2 3 / /
2 3
/ /
2 3
/ / /
2 3
/
3
/
3
2
3
2 3 0........(1)
2 0.........(2)
3(1 ln )
3 .........(3)
2
(2) 2 ....(2 ) (3)
3(1 ln )
2
3(1 ln )
2
int ,
3 (ln )
ln
2 2
u u x u x
x u x u
x
u xu
From u xu put it in no
x
we get xu
x
u
x
After egaration we get
x
u x
+ + =
÷ ÷ =
+
+ =
÷ =
+
=
+
¬ =

= +

/
/
2
2
(2 )
3(1 ln )
int ,
3 ln
From
we get u x
after egaration
u x x

÷ + =
= ÷

1
2
3 3 2
3
1 1 2 2 3 3
3
2
(1)
3
[ ln ]
2
3
(1 2ln )
8
3 3 (ln )
(1 2ln ) 3 ln [ln ]
8 2 2
3
[1 2ln 2(ln ) ]
8
p
c p
Nowequationno becomes
u xdx x x dx
x
x
x x x
y u y u y u y x x x x
x
x x
Nowgeneral solutionis y y y
= +
= +
= + + = + ÷ + +
= ÷ +
= +
í í

ASSIGNMENT 06
Maximum Marks: 20
Due Date: July 18, 2008

Question 1: Marks=10
Find the interval of convergence of the given power series
(i)
1
( 7)
n
n
x
n
·
=
+
¯

(ii)
1
( 1) ( 5)
10
n n
n
n
x
·
=
÷ ÷
¯

Solution:
(i)
1
1
1
1
1
( 7)
( 7) ( 7)
1
( 7)
lim lim lim 7 7
( 7) 1 1
7 1
. . 1 7 1 8 6 ( 8, 6)
int
n
n
n n
n n
n
n
n
n n n
n
x
n
x x
Herea a
n n
a x n n
R x x
a x n n
Theabove power series converges for x
i e x x or x
It istherequired erval of converge
·
=
+
+
+
+
÷· ÷· ÷·
+
+ +
= ¬ =
+
+
= = = + = +
+ + +
+ <
÷ < + < ¬ ÷ < < ÷ e ÷ ÷
¯
. nce

(ii)

1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1
1
( 1) ( 5)
10
( 1) ( 5) ( 1) ( 5)
10 10
5
( 1) ( 5) 10 1
lim lim lim 7
10 ( 1) ( 5) 10 10
5 10
. . 10 5 10 5 15
n n
n
n
n n n n
n n n n
n n n
n
n n n
n n n
n
x
x x
Herea a
x a x
R x
a x
Theabove power series converges for x
i e x x o
·
=
+ +
+ +
+ +
+
+
÷· ÷· ÷·
÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
= ¬ =
÷
÷ ÷
= = = + =
÷ ÷
÷ <
÷ < ÷ < ¬ ÷ < <
¯
( 5,15)
int .
r x
It is the required erval of convergence
e ÷

Question 2: Marks = 10
Solve the Differential equation
// 2
0 y x y + =
Note: Mention each and every step

Solution:

// 2
2
2 1 0
2
0
0
0 ...(1)
( ) 1, ( ) 0, ( )
& ( ) 1 0, ( ) 0, ( )
0 int . sin
int
.
( )
n
n
n
n
n
n
y x y
Here a x a x a x x
P x Q x R x x
So x x is an ordinary po As there are no finite gular
po so there exist two solutions of the form y c x which
converges for x
y x c x
·
=
=
+ =
= = =
= = = =
= =
=
< ·
=
¯
/ 1 // 2
0 1 2
2 2
2 0
2 2
2 0
2 2
2 3
4 0
, ( ) , ( ) ( 1)
(1) ( 1) 0
( 1) 0
2 6 ( 1) 0
2 2 2
n n
n n
n n
n n
n n
n n
n n
n n
n n
n n
n n
n n
y x nc x y x n n c x
Thereforeeq no becomes n n c x x c x
n n c x c x
c c x n n c x c x
put k n and k n in Ist and nd
· · ·
÷ ÷
= =
· ·
÷
= =
· ·
÷ +
= =
· ·
÷ +
= =
= = ÷
÷ + =
¬ ÷ + =
+ + ÷ + =
= ÷ = +
¯ ¯ ¯
¯ ¯
¯ ¯
¯ ¯
2 3 2 2
2 2
2 3 2 2
2
2 3 2 2
2
3
2 2
.
2 6 ( 2)( 1) 0
2 6 [( 2)( 1) ] 0
0, 0 &( 2)( 1) 0
0
0
1
2, 3, 4,...
( 2)( 1)
k k
k k
k k
k
k k
k
k k
k k
summationrespectively
c c x k k c x c x
c c x k k c c x
Thus c c k k c c
Therefore
c
c
c c for k
k k
· ·
+ ÷
= =
·
+ ÷
=
+ ÷
+ ÷
+ + + + + =
+ + + + + =
= = + + + =
=
=
= ÷ =
+ +
¯ ¯
¯

2 2
4 0 0
5 1 1
6 2
7 3
2
8 4 0 0
9 5 1
1
( 2)( 1)
1 2
2,
4 3 4!
1 6
3,
5 4 5!
1 1
4, (0) 0
6 5 6 5
1 1
5, (0) 0
7 6 7 6
1 1 2 ( 1) 60
6, ( )
8 7 8 7 4! 8!
1 1 6
7, (
9 8 9 8 5!
k k
As c c
k k
For k c c c
For k c c c
For k c c
For k c c
For k c c c c
For k c c c
+ ÷
= ÷
+ +
= = ÷ = ÷
×
= = ÷ = ÷
×
= = ÷ = ÷ =
× ×
= = ÷ =÷ =
× ×
÷
= = ÷ = ÷ ÷ =
× ×
= = ÷ =÷ ÷
× ×
2 2
1 1
2 3
10 8 0 0
11 7
2 3 3
12 8 0 0 0
0
0
( 1) 6.6.7 ( 1) 252
)
9! 9!
1 1 ( 1) 60 ( 1) 60
8, ( )
10 9 10 9 8! 10!
1
9, 0
11 10
1 1 ( 1) 60 ( 1) 90 60 ( 1) 5400
10, ( )
12 11 12 11 8! 12! 12!
n
n
n
c c
For k c c c c
For k c c
For k c c c c c
Therefore y c x c x
·
=
÷ ÷
= =
÷ ÷
= = ÷ = ÷ =
× ×
= = ÷ =
×
÷ ÷ × ÷
= = ÷ = ÷ = =
× ×
= =
¯
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
... c x c x c x c x c x c x c x c x c x c x + + + + + + + + + + +

Put the values of constants c
0
, c
1

ASSIGNMENT 07
Maximum Marks: 20
Due Date: July 28, 2008

Question 1: Marks=10
Express the given Bessel function in terms of Sin(x) and Cos(x) and power of x.

7
2
1 1
sin
2
( ) ( ) ( )
v v v
J
U g the technique
v
J x J x J x
x
÷ +
+ =

( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
1 1
5
2
5 5 5
1 1
2 2 2
3 7 5
2 2 2
7 5 3
2 2 2
5
2
3/ 2
7
2
Consider that
2
5
2
2
5
5
(1)

3 sin 2 2 2
( . cos ) sin
sin 2 2
( ) . cos
(1)
5
v v v
t aki ng v
v
J x J x J x
x
As for
J x J x J x
x
J x J x J x
x
J x J x J x
x
we know
x
J x x x
x x x x x
x
J x x
x x x
Then equation becomes
J x
t t t
t t
÷ +
=
÷ +
+ =
+ =
+ =
= ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
= ÷ ÷
= ÷
=
2
2 3 2 3 2 sin
[ 1 sin . ( cos )] cos
x
x x x
x x x x x x
x
t t t
| |
| |
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
| |
\ .
\ .

Question 2: Marks=5
Find the general solution of the differential equation

2 ' ' ' 2
4 4 (4 25) 0 (0, ) x y xy x y on + + ÷ = ·

Solution:
The general form of Bessel differential equation is

2
2 2 2
2
( ) 0
d y dy
x x x v y
dx dx
+ + ÷ = -----(1)

2 ' ' ' 2
2
2 2
2
2
2 2 2
2
4 4 (4 25) 0
4,
25
( ) 0
4
5
( ( ) ) 0 (2)
2
x y xy x y
Dividing by we get
d y dy
x x x y
dx dx
d y dy
x x x y
dx dx
+ + ÷ =
+ + ÷ =
+ + ÷ = ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷

Comparing (1) and (2) , we get
2
25 5
4 2
v v = ¬ = ±
so the general solution is
1 5 2 5
2 2
( ) ( ) y c J x c J x
÷
= +

Question 3 : Marks=5

Reduce the third order equation
/ / / / / / 2
3 6 10 1 y y y y t ÷ + ÷ = + to the normal form.

Solution:
/ / / / / / 2
/ / / / / / 2
1
/
2
/ /
3
/ /
1 2
/ / /
2 3
/ / / /
3
/ 2
3 1 2 3
3 6 10 1
10 6 3 ( 1)
int var
10 6 3 1 .
Given equationis y y y y t
y y y y t
Now roduce the iables
y x
y x
y x
x y x
x y x
x y
x x x x t istherequired normal form
÷ + ÷ = +
= ÷ + ÷ + +
=
=
=
= =
= =
=
= ÷ + ÷ + +

1
/
2
/ /
3
/ /
1 2
/ / /
2 3
/ / / /
3
/
3 1 2 3
1 1
3 2 cos
3 3
y x
y x
y x
x y x
x y x
x y
x x x x t
=
=
=
= =
= =
=
= ÷ ÷ + +