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(Reg. 49537-M)





ID : 2015636698

LI DURATION : 17 JUL 2017 -22 SEPT 2017


















Industrial training or practical training is a mandatory course for all degree students of
Chemical Engineering. It is a requirement to fulfil the course in order to complete the degree as
well as graduate from the university. All the theories learnt in the entire core and non-core
courses will be applied into the real working environment in engineering filed, especially in
chemical and engineering related projects. The credit hour for this course is 5 credit hours and
the industrial training duration is 10 weeks. The Malaysian Engineering Accreditation Council
(EAC) has stated that an undergraduate has to undergo at least eight weeks of industrial
training as part of their course.

It provides an opportunity for the students to experience real working environment first
hand whilst at the same time benefit them in terms of their personal and professional
development. Furthermore, feedback gathered from the participating organizations help the
students as well as the faculty in improving the character and professional skills of the graduate.

The listed below are the proposed activities which could be carried by the student
during the training period:

1. Project management i.e. project documentation, coordination and planning.

2. Equipment design i.e. heat exchanger, separator, completion equipment accessories
and facilities design.
3. Production of oleochemicals, food and beverage, pharmaceutical and biotechnology.
4. Familiarization with the real Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (PID) and Process
Flow Diagram (PFD) as well as other related simulation works.
5. Interpretation and inspection of engineering drawings from relevant consultant
6. Equipment stability assessment or troubleshooting and maintenance.
7. Laboratory works i.e. chemical/PVT/properties analysis, design of experiments and
other relevant research and development activities.
8. Production and manufacturing assemblies.
9. Site visit for environmental or oil and gas field.

The trainee, Mirdza Farouk Bin Murhan Mukhoyiddin (2015636698), has started
working at Environ Holdings Sdn. Bhd starting from 17th July 2017 until 22nd September 2017.

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The objectives of the industrial training are as follow:

i. To fulfil the award of the degree of University Teknologi Mara (UiTM).

ii. Apply knowledges gained and theories learnt in classroom in working environments.
iii. Enhancing the interpersonal skill.
iv. Solidifies students confidence after graduation.
v. Familiarise with the structure of an organisation and its management system.
vi. Acquaint with the various type of equipment used in working environment.
vii. Understand the organisations work ethics in terms of interpersonal interactions,
discipline, rules/regulations and methods of performing the works.
viii. Promote a symbiotic environment that will encourage interactions.










Municipal Water & Industrial Water &

Oil Palm
Wastewater Wastewater

Biogas / R.E Biomass



ENVIRON is a specialist company in the area of environmental engineering. Began in

1972, under Environ Sdn Bhd; the commercial enterprise changed into reorganised under
Environ Holdings Sdn Bhd after the recession in the mid-eighties.
ENVIRON operates in numerous facets of the environment area; presenting layout,
construction, delivery and set up, commissioning and maintenance offerings for industrial water
treatment, municipal and wastewater treatment, commercial and agro-commercial waste
treatment recovery of renewable energy from Biogas and Biomass restoration and conversion
to useful resource. Pumping and pumping systems were and remain one of the major strength
of the company with one of the most widespread ranges of pumping equipment available in the
nation. ENVIRON has equipment for such varied uses such as acids, latex, molasses, paint,
palm oil, sewage and sludge.
ENVIRON also acts as manufacturers representative for equipment on this area and
holds large shares of both equipment and spare parts. Environ is active domestically in Brunei
and Singapore and also, increasingly spreading their services to Asean community.
Areas where ENVIRON has predominantly strong expertise and excels are:-

1) Biogas Recovery and Renewable Energy 2) Leachate Treatment

Dewatering of sludge. Extending life spans of sanitary
Gas mixing of digesters. landfills.
Recovering revenue from Biomass. Reduction of odour in landfills and
Reduction of energy and wastewater plants.
maintenance cost in blower Treatment of leachate.
applications (up to 40%).
Systems for harvesting of Biogas
and recovery of renewable energy.

3) Sludge Treatment 4) Water and Wastewater Treatment

Desludging of oxidation ponds and Aeration and mixing.
anaerobic lagoons. Destruction of TOC, pesticides and
Dewatering of sludge. weedicides, hormones and EDCS.
Microbial reduction of sludge in Disinfection using both chlorine and
lagoons, OPS and treatment plants UV.
and digesters (up to 80%). Recovery and/or destruction of oil
Recovery of sludge for composting and grease.
and compost stations. Tertiary treatment, recycling and re-


As one of environment companies in the state, with an involvement of over 40 years
within the field, and a record of over 300 effectively completed contacts of which over 90 are
waste treatment plant of diverse kinds; ENVIRON is well placed to offer tested and professional
services and solutions to many pollution problems.

Aeration Enzyme & Microbes

- Surface Aerators - BOD Reduction
- Root-Type Blowers - Odour Control
- High Speed Turbo Blowers - Fats, Oil and Grease Destruction
Biogas & R.E Filtering
- Biogest - Cloth Media Filter
- Omerastore - Salsnes Filter- Separation,
Thickening & Dewatering
Headworks Biomass Technologies
- Coarse Screen - Chipping / Shredding
- Fine & Micro Screen - Solid Reduction
- Primary & Secondary Clarifications
- Shut-Off Device
- Water Intake
Sludge Transfer and Dewatering Other
- Environ Desludger - Underwater Cleaning System
- Decanters - Environ Parshall Flume
- Lobe Pump
Mixing and Agitation Flow Metering
- Direct-Drive Mixer
- Agitators
- Static Mixer
UV Disinfection Oil Recovery
- Municipal
- Industrial
- Residential
- Commercial
- Advanced Oxidation
Pumping Wastewater Treatment
- Peristaltic Pump
- Hollow Disk Pump
- Lobe Pump



With an established in-house engineering workshop staffed by qualified and trained

personnel, ENVIRON provide excellent after sales service, as well as fabrication and
maintenance services. Annual maintenance contracts are readily available. ENVIRON provides
these services to government and statutory bodies in addition to private sector clients.


Environ is located at Section U5, Mutiara Subang. Before Environ Holdings moved to
Shah Alam, it was located at Puchong and Subang Jaya. The address for this company is no
19, Jalan Utarid U5/11, Section U5, Mah Sing Integrated Industrial Park, 40150 Shah Alam,
Selangor Darul Ehsan.

Figure 1: Environ Holdings Sdn Bhd


Figure 2: Location of Environ Holdings Sdn Bhd and the nearest cities

Figure 3: Road map to Environ Holdings Sdn Bhd



Process flow of how wastewater is treated:

Wastewater Odor Screening Primary Secondary

Collection Control Treatment Treatment

Sludge Disinfection Tertiary Bio-solid

Treatment Treatment Handling

1) Wastewater collection
- Collection systems are put in place by municipal administration, home owners as well
as business owners to ensure that all the wastewater is collected and directed to a
central point. This wastewater is then transported to a treatment plant using
underground drainage systems.

2) Odour Control
- Odour control is very vital because wastewater holds a lot of dirty substances that can
cause a bad odour through the years. To make sure that the neighbouring areas are
free from the foul smell, odour treatment are commenced at the treatment plant.

3) Screening
- Screening involves the elimination of huge objects such as broken bottles or bottle top,
cotton buds, diapers, face wipes, nappies, plastics, rags, sanitary items or any other
object that can damage the equipment in the treatment plant.

4) Primary Treatment
- Involves the separation of macrobiotic solid matter from the wastewater and is done by
pouring the wastewater into large tanks for the solid matter to settle at the surface of
the tanks. The sludge that settles at the surface of the tanks is detached by a scrappers
and is pushed to the centre of the cylindrical tanks. The remaining water is pumped for
secondary treatment.

5) Secondary Treatment
- Also called as the activated sludge process, the secondary treatment stage involves
adding seed sludge to the wastewater to ensure that is broken down further. Air is first
pumped into huge aeration tanks which mix the wastewater with the seed sludge which
is basically small amount of sludge, which fuels the growing of microorganism that uses
oxygen and the growth of different small microorganisms that devour the residual
organic matter.


6) Bio-solids handling
- The solid matter that settle out after the primary and secondary treatment stages are
directed to digesters. The digesters are heated at room temperature. The solid wastes
are then treated for a month where they experience anaerobic digestion. All through
this process, methane gases are produced and there is a formation of nutrient rich bio-
solids which are recycled and dewatered into nearby companies. The methane gas
produced is usually used as a supply of energy at the treatment plants.

7) Tertiary Treatment
- This stage is similar to the one used by drinking water treatment plants which clean
raw water for drinking purposes. The tertiary treatment stage has the ability to remove
up to 99 percent of the impurities from the wastewater.

8) Disinfection
- After the primary treatment stage and the secondary treatment process, there are still
some diseases causing organisms in the remaining treated wastewater. The
disinfection process is an essential part of the treatment process because it guards the
health of the animals and the local community who use the water for other usages.

9) Sludge Treatment
- The sludge that is produced and collected during the primary and secondary treatment
processes requires concentration and thickening to enable further processing.



1) Study about the companys profile and companys products.
2) Sewage Treatment Plant Visit (Kota Kemuning & Shah Alam).
Kota Kemuning:
Meet the client representatives to discuss about testing BiOWiSH
Technology to reduce the amount of ammonia content in the sewage
Check the condition and the operation for the entire sewage plant.
Week 1 Learn about the operation of the blower used at the plant.
(17/07/2017- Shah Alam:
21/07/17) Replacement of the old blower to a new blower as requested/ordered
by customer. (From Positive Displacement Blower to Turbo Blower)
The installation of the blower is done by Ah Seng.
Paint the pipeline of the installed blower.
Remove the debris and unwanted items at the blower area.
3) Task 1: Search and read about the wastewater treatment process.
4) Learn about the selection of the Turbo Blower based on the population equivalent
(PE) and the oxygen requirement.
1) Task 2(a): Identify the type of aerator that are used or available in the market
Type of aerators:
i) Diffused air iv) Static Tube Mixer
ii) Sparger turbine v) Low-Speed Turbine
iii) Mixer/ aerator vi) High-speed Floating Aerator
2) Task 2(b): Differentiate between Aqua-Jet Mechanical Surface Aerator and Aqua
DDM (Direct Drive Mixer):
- Aqua-Jet Surface Aerator has upward mixing pattern, Aqua DDM has
Week 2 downward mixing pattern.
(24/07/2017- 3) Provide price for Aqua-Jet aerator and DDM mixer for customer.
29/07/2017) 4) Aerator/Mixer designation based on (Exercise 1):
- Oxygen (O2) Calculation.
- Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) Calculation.
- Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) + Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN)
5) Power requirement calculation for aerator based on the given parameters as
requested by customer.
6) Prepare quotation for listed equipment:
- Progressive Cavity Pump (PCP).

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- Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF).
- Aqua-Jet Surface Aerator & Aqua DDM Mixer.
7) Send email to the bearing manufacturers for request quotation for bearings.
8) Identify the material construction.
1) Site visit (Testing and Comissioning):
1st Day
Cleaning the newly installed blower area.
2nd Day
Final installation on the Permanent Magnet (PM) Motor part of the blower by
technical engineer of the Turbo Blower supplier.
Inspection of blower and its environment conditions before start up.
Learn about the components of the Turbowin Blower.
Consists of: User Interface unit, Driving/ Inverter System, Control Panel,
Blower Off Valve (BOV), Suction filter system and PM Motor.
Week 3
3rd Day
Briefing for the blower operation, maintenance and the control parameters
that involved/used in the operation of blower for Environ.
Testing and Commissioning the blower.
Meeting/ discussion session at Environs meeting room (briefing
4th Day
Briefing the operation of blower to the customers.
Testing and Commissioning the blower.
Data collection for the installed blower from the control room.
2) Send email RFQ for bearings and called the companies for their response.
3) Make the price comparison for the bearings offered by bearing manufacturers.
1) Site visit:
- Checked the condition of the newly operate blower whether there are any
error occur on the blower.
- Cleaning the blower room.
2) Task 3 (search and read on):
Week 4 a) The working principle of Peristaltic Pump.
(07/08/2017- b) The advantages of using Peristaltic Pump in industry compared other type of
12/08/2017) pumps such as Centrifugal pump, Progressive Cavity pump and Diaphragm pump.
c) Make comparison between Bredel Pump and Verderflex Pump.
3) Exercise 2:
a) To select and propose suitable pump based on the given parameters.
b) Make the differences between hose pump and tube pump.
c) List out pump model that falls under hose pump and tube pump.

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d) Type of hose available for hose pump.
e) Differentiate between VF Pump and Dura Pump.
4) Send email for request quotation for CBM technique analysis (Thermography
Inspection, Ultrasound and Vibration analysis).
5) Send email to LOCTITE supplier for request quotation for LOCTITE.
6) Direct mail.
7) Find Packaging Mart nearby the Environ office and buy the drawing tube.
1) Inspection of the ordered Star Delta Control Panel for aerator 15HP at Seri
Kembangan. To make sure that the fabricated control panel for the 15HP aerator
followed the specifications that are listed in the early quotation.
2) List out the common materials (stainless steel) to be used in the manufacturing of
the 3.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 HP aerator volute parts which consist of volute top
plate, volute bottom plate, volute tube, intake cone, thread boss, volute gusset,
volute 45 gusset and stabilizer (volute 45 gusset and stabilizer available only for
big size aerator).
3) Find the steel manufacturers, prepare a document for inquiry quotation for the
Week 5 listed materials for the aerator. The materials that are being used to manufacture
(14/08/2017- aerator volute part is stainless steel plate and flat bar (S.S. 304). Different size of
18/07/2017) plate and flat bar are needed for each part of aerator volute.
4) Send the prepared document to the steel manufacturers by fax and called the
manufacturers to make sure they received the fax.
5) Request for quotation for holding tank mixer from holding tank manufacturer by
6) Make the price comparison the steel that are offered by the steel manufactures.
7) Do the calculation for the area for each parts of the aerator volute for the coating
8) Survey the price for air filter for blower from the nearest filter supplier company.
9) List out sand blasting companies that provide sandblast service.
1) Buy air filter media for Turbo Blower from the nearest air filter manufacturing
2) Send inquiry for quotation for junction box for 11 kW motor (Brand Gewiss
GW44207) to the electrical supplier through email.
Week 6 3) Bukit Jelutong wastewater treatment plant visit
(21/08/2017- - Make daily inspection to the blower.
25/08/2017) 4) Calculate the amount (litre) of coating needed for each part of aerator volute for
3.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 HP.
5) Send inquiry for quotation for mooring accessories through email.
6) Make the price comparison for the mooring accessories that are being offered by
mooring accessories suppliers.

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7) Identify the parts of air diffuser and calculate the total quantity for each part of the
air diffuser.
The air diffuser consist of:
- Diffuser Disk
- Drop leg
- Manifold
- Lateral pipe
- Purge system
- Pipe clamp
- Manifold clamp
- Tee connection
- Flanges
1) Deliver 3 units of Verderflex Pump (different sizes) to chemical company at West
2) Working on material construction for S.S. 304 and M.S. 304 for volute aerator 30
Week 7
3) Ace Turbo Blower selection for Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) based on the
parameters (suction air flow rate and pressure) provided by the customer.
4) Send inquiry for quotation for S.S. 304 materials for DAF to the material
1) Send inquiry for quotation for materials needed to fabricate Anchor to the
2) Send inquiry for quotation for Mild Steel materials such as Mild Steel Pipe, Mild
Steel Flat Bar and Mild Steel Rod Bar to few material suppliers.
3) Price comparison for Mild Steel materials that being offered by the suppliers.
4) Task 4:
Week 8 a) Applications of Aquafine UV System
(05/09/2017- - Provide UV solution worldwide for TOC (Total Oxidizable Carbon) reduction,
08/09/2017) Chlorine and chloramine destruction, ozone destruction and disinfection.
b) Comparison between Aquafine UV and TrojanUV
- Aquafine UV for industrial and commercial water and wastewater treatment.
- TrojanUV for municipal water and commercial wastewater treatment.
5) Go to Post Office Malaysia at Kelana Jaya to post Palm Oil Mills- Indonesia map
to US and Austria.
6) Drawing parts of screening.
1) Go to private company at Section 7, Shah Alam to collect document: Letter of
Week 9
2) Make price comparison for Stainless Steel Material for DAF that are being offered
by the material suppliers.

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3) Send inquiry for quotation for S.S. 304 Material for air distribution system to
several material supplier by fax.
4) Go to Public Bank to bank in company cheque.
5) Make price comparison for S.S. 304 materials for Air distribution system.
Week 10
1) Receive the delivered package from supplier.
2) Check and count the quantity of the delivered package.

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The listed below are the tasks and the assignment assigned by Industry Supervisor, Ms. Ammie
Haslinda bt Yaakuf during the internship period:

Task 1 To read up on sewage wastewater treatment activity. To list out what type of
treatment is involved and type of equipment normally used for the treatment.
Assignment The differences between Positive Displacement (PD) Blower and Turbowin Blower.

Task 2 a) To identify type of aerator that are available in the market and the difference.
b) To differentiate between Aqua-Jet surface aerator and DDM Mixer.
Task 3 a) Working principle of peristaltic pump.
b) Advantages of peristaltic pump vs other type of pumps (centrifugal, diaphragm
pump, progressive cavity pump).
c) Do comparison between Bredel pump vs Verderflex pump.
Task 4 a) Application of Aquafine UV system.
b) The differences between Aquafine UV system and TrojanUV system.

Site Visit Testing and Commissioning the new Turbo Blower.

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TASK 1: To read up on sewage wastewater treatment activity. To list out what type of treatment
is involved and type of equipment normally used for the treatment.

The task given is to search and read about sewage treatment activity, type of treatment involved
and the equipment that normally used in wastewater treatment. From this task, I gain some knowledge
about wastewater treatment. Wastewater treatment is the process of eliminating pollutant from
wastewater and converting the wastewater into bilge water that can be discharged into the environment.
There are several stage that are involved in the wastewater which are preliminary, primary, secondary
and tertiary. Wastewater may be dealt with near where the wastewater is created, which may be known
as a decentralized system or maybe an on-site system (in septic tanks, biofilters or aerobic treatment

Preliminary treatment is the pre-treatment that removes all substances that are easily to
collected from the wastewater before they can damage the pumps and wastewater line of primary
clarifiers. The equipment that are involved in this stage are screener, grit chambers, fat and grease
removal or skimming tanks.

Primary treatment is aimed to remove the fine suspended solids that cannot be removed in the
preliminary treatment. This treatment essentially involves the process of sedimentation or settling.
Sedimentation is normally occur in a large tanks called primary sedimentation tanks or clarifier.

Secondary or biological treatment is designed to considerably degrade the organic content

material of the sewage that are derived from human waste, food waste, soaps and detergent. This stage
of treatment can be classified as aerobic suspended growth system, aerobic attached growth system,
anaerobic suspended growth system and anaerobic attached growth system.

Tertiary treatment or advanced treatment is occasionally needed for the elimination of

suspended and dissolved materials, after the conventional primary and secondary treatments. In
general, the effluent of the sewage acquired after secondary treatment can be conveniently disposed
without causing any nuisance. There are four major processes under tertiary treatment which are solids
removal, biological nitrogen removal, biological phosphorus removal and disinfection.

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ASSIGNMENT: The differences between Positive Displacement, PD Blower and Turbowin

Positive Displacement Blower

A positive displacement blower, also known as a PD blower or rotary air blower. PD blower is
a sort of equipment that is used to move air or gas for a diversity of applications. More precisely, this
devices apply positive displacement technology by deceiving a certain capacity of air then discharging
or forcing it out against the system pressure. The air is frequently forced into some type of pipe or hose
to drive material or gas to a destination.

Table 1: The advantages and disadvantages of Positive Displacement (PD) Blower.

Pros Cons
1. Ability to force the bag open to its max size and 1. PD Blowers are noisier (typically 85 db and
force product into a bag - PD blowers are designed to sometimes greater)
output a constant amount of air pressure and volume
simultaneously. Volume and flow are needed in the
correct ratios to fluidize the product and move it into
the bag. The Pressure side of the equation is also
needed to fully open the bag to its maximum potential
and deliver the product and sufficient velocity to
prevent it from mounding up at the discharge of the
spout (which will cause weight inaccuracy, longer fill
times, under filled bags, product spilling when the bag
is removed and other negative side effects.
2. Capable of delivering the highest level of production 2. Higher installation cost
3. Can be located up to 100 feet away from the bagger 3. PD Blowers require maintenance (periodic
keeping the noise away from people and the blower checking of oil and cleaning air filters). However, the
out of the dirt and dust of the working area maintenance of PD blowers require is very little.
4. Rebuild area- use standard TEFC motors and drive 4. The expense of capital to buy the blower
components that can be purchased locally

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Turbo Blower

Turbo blower is a high speed centrifugal blower integral with a Permanent Magnet
Synchronized Motor (PMSM), driven through an inverter. In turbo blower, the energy is transfer from a
rotating shaft to air or gas. A pressure rise is achieved by adding kinetic energy to a continuous flow of
air through the rotor or impeller. A turbo blower is different from a turbo compressor by the lower
pressure ratio, with compressor being above 2.5. Turbo blower or centrifugal blower performs in the
middle range of pressure up to 200 kPa while turbo compressor increasing the pressure up to several
hundred of kPa. The blower runs on a levitated shaft with air bearings, thus eliminating wear and tear
through friction and contact and also eliminate vibration and the need of oil lubrication.

The blower of Turbowin is no-oil, low noise (<85 db), semi-permanent and eco-friendly turbo
blower which is combined with the latest technical capability of turbo. Turbowin blower provides the
best efficiency through the use of a high-speed motor, air bearings and a centrifugal compressor design.
This blower will lessen the electricity cost by 30% compared to traditional blower design such as PD
blower and provide a clean and quite working environment.

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TASK 2: a) To identify type of aerator that are available in the market and the difference.

b) To differentiate between Aqua-Jet surface aerator and DDM Mixer.

The second task given by the supervisor is Task 2. This Task is given in second week of
internship. This task consist of 2 question which are: 1) to identify the type of aerator that are available
in the market and make comparison between then, 2) to differentiate between Aqua-Jet surface aerator
and DDM Mixer.

Aerator are various device that are used for the aeration or mixing air with another substance,
such as soil or water. These devices are used to add oxygen to the water. Aeration is a unit process in
which air and water are delivered into intimate contact. Turbulence rise the aeration of flowing streams.
Aeration occur in the aeration tank which are place after the primary clarifier. Aeration as a water
treatment practice is used for the following operations: carbon dioxide reduction (decarbonation),
oxidation of iron and manganese found in many well waters (oxidation tower), ammonia and hydrogen
sulfide reduction (stripping).

The type of aerator that are commonly used in the wastewater treatment can be categorised
into 2 category which are submerged and surface. The aerators that are fall into the submerged
category are diffused air (fined bubble & coarse bubble), sparger turbine and mixer or aerator while the
aerators that fall into the surface category are low-speed turbine aerator, high-speed floating aerator,
aspirating and cascade aerator. The listed type of aerator that found in the market for this task were
SOFIE, the 2-in-1 submersible aerator and mixer (by EUROPELEC), LTF, the low speed surface aerator
(by EUROPELEC), AQUAFEN, the floating high speed surface aerator (by EUROPELEC), High Speed
up-flow aerator (by TYBSA), Team Low Speed Aerators (by TYBSA), High Speed Aspirating aerators
(by TYBSA) and Cascade aerator. All these type of aerator have their own specification and application.

Aqua-Jet Surface Aerator and Aqua DDM Mixer are some of the Environs product. Both equipment are
used in the aeration tank. Aqua-Jet Surface Aerator are designed to provide optimum oxygen transfer
in variety of municipal and industrial wastewater applications while Aqua DDM is designed to provide
maximum mixing efficiency. Aqua-Jet Surface Aerator has upward mixing pattern while Aqua DDM has
downward mixing pattern.

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Table 2: Commonly used devices for wastewater aeration and their applications.

Classification Description Use or application

Diffused air
Fined bubble (fine- Bubbles generates with ceramic, All types of activated sludge
pore system) plastic or flexible membranes processes
All type of activated sludge
Coarse bubble Bubbles generates with orifice, processes, channel and grit
(non-porous) system injector and nozzles, or shear plates chamber aeration, and aerobic
Low-speed turbine and compressed All type of activated sludge
Sparger turbine
air injection processes and aerobic digestion
Hyperboloid mixer rotation mixes the
All type of activated sludge
Mixer/Aerator air in the dispersing tunnels turning it
processes and channel aeration
into fine bubbles by special shear fins
Short tubes with internal baffles
Aerated lagoons and activated
Static tube mixer designed to retain air injection at
sludge processes
bottom of tube in contact with liquid


Large diameter turbine used to Conventional activated sludge

Low-speed turbine
expose liquid droplets to the processes, aerated lagoons and
atmosphere aerobic digestion
Small diameter propeller used to
High-speed floating Aerated lagoons and aerobic
exposed liquid droplets to the
aerator digestion

Aspirating Inclined propeller assembly Aerated lagoons

Wastewater flows over a series of

Cascade Post aeration
steps in sheet flow

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TASK 3: a) Working principle of peristaltic pump.

b) Advantages of peristaltic pump vs other type of pumps (centrifugal, diaphragm

pump, progressive cavity pump).
c) Do comparison between Bredel pump vs Verderflex pump.

This task is given by my Industry Supervisor on the fourth week of the industrial training. This
task is about Peristaltic pump. From the task given, I gained some knowledge about Peristaltic pump.
Peristaltic pump is a type of Positive Displacement Pump utilized to pumping an assortment of fluids.
Those liquid will be held inside a flexible hose or tube fitted in the pump casing. The genuine pumping
principle, known as peristalsis, is totally based on alternating compression and relaxation of the hose
or tube, drawing content in and propelling product out from the pump. A rotor is used to squeeze a leak-
proof tube or hose, thereby forcing the pumped fluid through the hose. As the pumps rotor turns this
sealing pressure moves along the tube or hose forcing product to move away from the pump and into
the discharge line. Where the pressure has been released the hose or tube recovers creating a vacuum,
which draws the product into the suction side of the pump, the priming mechanism. Combination of the
suction and discharge principles produce a powerful self-priming positive displacement action.
Peristaltic are suitable for dispensing, metering and general transfer applications. Typically, peristaltic
tubing pumps offer flow rates as low as 0.0007 ml/min to 45 litres/min and are able to generate pressure
up to 8.6 bar (125 psi).

The advantages of the Peristaltic Pump are the only part of peristaltic pump that comes in
contact with the liquid is tubing. The fluid does not contact with the peristaltic pump so there are no
parts to clean such as valves, diaphragm, seals etc. Thus, make the pump is easy to clean and to
sterilise. All you have to do is to clean or replace the tube. This easy tubing replacement means reducing
the maintenance times and cost. Next, the isolation between the pump moving parts and the process
media, thereby eliminating any risk of cross contamination. Besides that, this pump is suitable for
aggressive, slurries, shear sensitive and viscous fluid. A peristaltic pump is non-siphoning which means
that they prevent back flow into the system. This promotes accuracy during dispensing.

Bredel pump and Verderflex pump both are the peristaltic pump but different brand and
manufacture. Bredel pump is manufactured by Watson-Marlow Fluid Technology Group while
verderflex pump is manufactured by Verderflex. The unique direct-couple design of Bredel heavy duty
hose pumps combines the small footprint of close-coupled pumps with the reliability and ease of use of
long-coupled pumps. Verderflex Industrial peristaltic pumps are extremely robust pumps, ideal for
heavy duty operations on intermittent or continuous duty cycles. The hose used for Bredel Pump are

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Natural Rubber, Hypalon, Buna N (NBR) and EPDM while the hose used for Verderflex pump are NR,
NBR, NBRF, EPDM, CSM and Verderprene.

a) Bredel Pump b) Verderflex Pump

Table 3: Advantages of peristaltic pump vs other type of pumps (centrifugal, diaphragm pump,
progressive cavity pump).

Type of Pump Advantages

Abrasion resistant
No moving parts in the liquid stream
Accurate Dosing
Self priming
Can pump liquids containing up to 80% inorganic
solids (fines)
Aseptic pumping smooth liquid passage
Easy & completely cleanable without disassembly
Peristaltic Pump (Verderflex) Suitable for handling shear sensitive products
Can run dry
Low cost of ownership
High suction capability of up to 95% vacuum or a 9.5
No seals
Reversible rotation, empties line or blockages
Can pump abrasive, very viscous or high density
No drive seal
Can pump hazardous liquids
Very less frictional losses
Almost no noise
Have minimum wear
Centrifugal Pump No heat transfer between pump chamber and motor
Water cannot enter into motor
Small in size, space saving & less capital costs
Easy for maintenance and repair
High speed
Easy to operate and adjust
Seal-less and oil-free
Self-priming up to 6 meters
Simple cleaning/maintenance
Versatile design and function (can handle most
Diaphragm Pump
media types)
Can run dry for short periods
Can handle some solid content
Compact size
Create low pulsations
Can handle gaseous fluids
Progressive Cavity Pump Low profile
Moderate cost
High electrical efficiency
High pressure

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TASK 4: a) Application of Aquafine UV System.

b) The differences between Aquafine UV System and TrojanUV.

The fourth task that I received from my industry supervisor is about Aquafine UV system.
Aquafine UV are one of the Environ Holdings product. This product are usually used at the tertiary stage
of wastewater treatment. Tertiary stage is for the elimination of suspended and dissolved materials,
after the conventional primary and secondary treatments. The treatment is using ultraviolet (UV)
technology. Ultraviolet (UV) is a powerful technology that has been successfully deployed in industries
such as pharmaceutical, semiconductor, power generation, food and beverage, cosmetic, agriculture,
health care, etc. UV does not add anything to the water stream along with unwanted colour, odour,
chemical, taste or flavour nor does it generate any harmful via-merchandise. UV simplest imparts
energy to the water move inside the form of ultraviolet light to inactivate microorganisms and decrease
chemicals inside the water. The Aquafine UV systems meet the most stringent criteria, including
acceptance by the FDA. The primary advantages of UV systems are environmentally friendly, user
friendly, effective and compact.

The most common application of UV in water treatment is disinfection, but UV also can be used
for the applications in water treatment such as UV disinfection, Chlorine and Chloramine destruction,
Ozone destruction and TOC (Total Oxidizable Carbon) reduction. The other industrial or commercial
market for Aquafine UV systems are aquaculture, food and beverage, life sciences, marine, oil and gas,
power generation and recreational water. There are many series or models for the Aquafine UV
systems. The series that are available for Aquafine UV systems are Chlorid series, CSL series, LS HX
series, MPR series, Optima series, Optima HX series, SCD H series, SL series, SwiftBeverage series,
TrojanUVLogic series and UVK series. Every series in Aquafine UV system are used for different
markets and applications.

Aquafine UV and TrojanUV are both fall under the Trojan Technologies. The business that are
encompassed by Trojan Technologies other than Aquafine and TrojanUV are Trojan Marinex, Salsnes
Filter, USP Technologies and VIQUA. The goods and services supplied by those corporation play
crucial roles in making diverse degree of water treatment progression more powerful, efficient and
maintainable. Aquafine UV are UV disinfection systems for industrial and commercial water and
wastewater treatment while Trojan UV are UV disinfection and UV-oxidation systems for municipal
water and wastewater treatment. Aquafines advanced UV water treatment systems meet the changing
requirements and needs of a diverse customer base around the world. Aquafine UV system provide UV
solutions for TOC reduction, chlorine and chloramine destruction, ozone destruction and disinfection for
many applications in the industrial/commercial sector. TrojanUV designs, manufactures and sells
pressurized and open-channel UV disinfection systems for municipal wastewater and drinking water,
and UV-oxidation systems for environmental contaminant treatment applications.

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Table 4: Industrial/Commercial market for Aquafine UV and their examples.

Aquaculture Fish hatcheries, grow-out facilities and shellfish culture.
Bottled water industry, carbonated & non-carbonated beverages and
Food & Beverage dairy plants. Food packaging, crop irrigation and meat and poultry
Pharmaceuticals, biopharmaceuticals, hospitals and the prevention of
Life Sciences
nosocomial Legionalla.

Marine Disinfection of drinking water and wastewater on marine vessels.

Water systems for enhanced oil recovery, natural gas well fracturing
Oil & Gas
and produced water reuse or disposal.
Reducing trace organics and microbial contamination for ultrapure
Power Generation
Recreational Water Fountains, swimming pools, aquariums and car washes.

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Site Visit: Testing and Commissioning Turbo Blower

The Testing and Commissioning (TNC) program was held to test the new Turbo Blower
installed at the wastewater treatment plant. The Turbo Blower was installed at the wastewater treatment
plant by the Environs workshop men a few weeks before the TNC program. Turbo blower is a high
speed centrifugal blower integral with a Permanent Magnet Synchronized Motor (PMSM), driven
through an inverter. In turbo blower, the energy is transfer from a rotating shaft to air or gas. The TNC
program was held for four days and was conducted by the technical engineer of the blower supplier.
The function of the Turbo Blower is to supply oxygen into the aeration tank.

On the first day (31st July 2017), we cleaned the area of the new installed blower at the blower
room. The area of the blower is quite dusty and sandy, so we cleaned the area before the TNC program
started. On the second day of the program which is on 1st August 2017, final installation on the
Permanent Magnet (PM) Motor part of the Turbo Blower the technical engineer of the blower supplier.
After that, the technical engineer make an inspection on the blower and its environment condition before
he started the blower. The technical engineer taught us about the components of the Turbo Blower.
The Turbo Blower consist of User Interface Unit, Driving/Inverter system, Control Panel, Blow off Valve,
Suction Filter System and PM Motor.

On 2nd August 2017, we attended a briefing for the Turbo Blower operation and the control
parameters that are being used in the operation of the blower in the meeting room at WWTP. The
briefing was for Environ only. After that, we learned about the start-up procedure for the Turbo Blower
on the site. The whole process to operate the blower was shown to us by the technical engineer. In the
evening, the continuation of the early briefing was held at the Environs meeting room.

On 3rd August 2017, a briefing for the blower operation was held for the client of the Turbo
Blower. The briefing involving some of the employees of the client and Environ party. The testing and
commissioning was held after the briefing end. Step by step of the process to operate the blower was
shown to the Environ and the client. The blower run very well without any problems.

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Industrial training, where a student undertakes a period of training with an organization usually
during a semester break, act as an important part in preparing the student for a professional career.
Some of the importance of the industrial training is the industrial training could give ideas and
information to the final year students for their final year project and design project. It also could create
an employment opportunity to the student if they perform well during their industrial training period.

The 10 weeks spend doing practical at Environ Holdings Sdn Bhd has given a unique
experience to the trainee. From this industrial training, it give me the opportunity to felt the working life.
Industrial training has exposed the student for the real working environment. In was an eye-opener to
how real world tasks are dealt with.

Next, from the industrial training period, I gained a valuable experiences and knowledges that
I cannot get in the classroom. From this experiences and knowledges gained, I can prepare for myself
for job seeking, career planning and working. The industrial training has exposed me with not only
engineering related of works but also management of works. At the meantime, this industrial training
give me an opportunity to put into practice what I had learned at university.

Besides that, the industrial training can also nurture my leadership ability and responsibility to
perform all the task given. At the same time, it help me to improve my soft skill such as communication
skills, documentation skills, writing skills and many more.

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Figure 4: Site Visit (Wastewater Treatment Plant)

Figure 5: Process installation of Turbo Blower

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Figure 6: Painting the pipeline of the Turbo

Figure 7: Testing and Commissioning of the Turbo Blower.

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